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TheHarvestGypsies

byJohnSteinbeck

Answerthefollowingquestions,makingsureyourephrasethequestioninyouransweranduse
completesentences.Recordyouranswershere.

Chapter1
1.WhydoesCaliforniaagriculturerequiremigratoryworkers?
Californiaagriculturerequires
migratoryworkersbecausecropsmustbeharvestedinacertain,shortperiodoftime
beforerotting.
2.Whyarethemigrantshated?
Migrantsarehatedbecausetheycarrydiseasestoother
citizensoftheUnitedStates,aredirty,filthy,andunsightly,andbecausetheyincreasethe
needforpoliceandlawenforcement.
3.WhatcausedthepeopleofOklahomatomigratetothewest?
ThepeopleofOklahomahad
tomigratetothewestbecauseofaterribledroughtintheMidwestknownastheDust
Bowl.Farmsweredestroyedandleftbarrenwithnowatertohydratethecashcrops.
Owningafarmwasn'tprofitableanymore.
4.Howarethenewmigrantworkersdifferentfromtheearlier,foreignbornmigrants?
The
newmigrantworkersaredifferentfromtheearlier,foreignbornmigrantsbecausethey
areconsideredtohavelessrightsthanthatofAmericanborncitizens.Theywere
consideredlowerinrankbecauseofwheretheywereborn.
5.Createaquestionherethatyouarewondering,andasksomeoneinyourgrouptoansweritin
hisorherdocument.Youshouldanswertheirquestionhere.Tellmewhosequestionyouare
answering.
Myquestionis:HowdoyouthinkforeignmigrantworkersfeltwhentheysawtheMidwest
migrantsfromAmericagettreateddifferently?
JuliesQuestion:Doyouthinkthatthetreatmenttheforeignbornmigrantworkers
receivedwasappropriate?Why?
Idon'tthinkthetreatmenttheforeignmigrantworkers
receivedwasappropriatebecauseeveryonehasequalrights,nomatterwhatraceororiginthey
comefrom.Slaveryshowsaperfectexampleofwhatsegregationis,andwhyraceshouldn't
definewhoyoureallyareandwhatrightsyoureceive,
Chapter2
1.Describethethreetypicalfamilieswhopopulatethesquatterscamps.
Thethreetypical
familieswhopopulatethesquatterscampareseparatedintothreeclasses:theupper,
middle,andlower.Thefirstfamilyhasasmall,comfortablehousewithasenseof
cleanlinessthroughout.Thereisatoiletandsomebedstosleepon,andhopeisnotlost
fromthem.Themanistomakemoneyfromtheharvestseachtime.Thefamilythat
recentlyhadsomuchhassolittleafterthedrought.Thechildrengotoschoolasmuchas
possible,andthefamilystillhasdignity.Thesecondfamily,themiddleclass,hasmadea
rottingtenttheirhome.Thefamilystillhasfurnituretosleepon,butschoolisavariable
thatfluctuatesovertime.Theyaremadefunof(kids)becauseoftheirlifestyle,andparents
ofthemorefortunatestudentsgeneralizethemasdiseasecarriers.Fliescovertheirabode,
andmoredirtcanbeseen.Thelastfamily,thelowerclass,isattheirlowestpointof
morale.Nofurniturecanserveasbeddingforthefamily,andthefatherhaslostallhope
andwilltopursueabetterlife.Themotherlosesbabiesconstantly,andhasnomilkto
nurturethemeveniftheysurvived.Childrendon'tattendschool,andthewilltokeep

fightingislostamongthem.Theevents,startingfromthehigherclassofthesquatters
camp,havepiledupandkilledanypositivemoralethefamilystillhasleft.Filthisignored,
astheycan'timagineabetterlife.
2.Createaquestionherethatyouarewondering,andasksomeoneinyourgrouptoansweritin
hisorherdocument.Youshouldanswertheirquestionhere.Tellmewhosequestionyouare
answering.Myquestionis.TheanswertoXsquestionis
Myquestionis:Doyouthinktheclassesinthesquattercampaccuratelyrepresentsocietys
financialclassesthatarepresenttoday?Whyorwhynot?
JuliesQuestion:Dothesethreetypicalfamiliesrepresenttodayssocialandeconomic
classes?Whyorwhynot?
Thethreetypicalfamiliesdorepresenttheeconomicclassesof
today,ashousesofdifferentqualitiesandcleanlinessdooftencategorizeyouinhowpoororrich
youare.Itperfectlyillustratesacityseconomicclasses,exceptfortheupperclasswhichis
representedasricherinreallife.
Chapter3
1.Fromtheperspectiveofamigrantfamily,whatisthedifferencebetweenworkingforasmall
farmerasopposedtoworkingforalargefarmorganization?
Workingforasmallfarmerhasfarmoreadvantagesthanworkingforalargefarm
organization.Smallfarmsleavelandavailableformigrantstosetuptemporaryshelters,
andevenprovidecleanwaterandsometimetheoccasionaltoilet.Themigrantsaretreated
fairly,andtheranchersunderstandthatthesemigrantsworksarewhatsavetheir
harvestseachyear.Thisdiffersfromlargeranchesfromlargecorporations,asmany
migrantsareforcedtopurchasehouseswhiletheywork.Thiseatsawayattheirprofits.
Unlikethesmallfarm,however,thereactuallyisashowerforthemigrantstokeepclean.
Migrantsontheselargefarmsareconstantlyindebt,andmustkeepworkingtokeepup
withtheirmoneyloss.Theyaremanagedinthefieldsandsentawayiftheydon'tmeet
workingstandardsandefficiency.Theranchownersareconstantlyoffsetandonedge
withthesemigrants,employingmanyguardstokeeporder.Migrantsaresurrounded,
unlikeinsmallfarms,byhulkingbeastsreadytokillthemwithonemisstep.Fromthe
perspectiveofamigrantfamily,itwouldbemorebeneficialtotryforasmallerranch.
2.Createaquestionherethatyouarewondering,andasksomeoneinyourgrouptoansweritin
hisorherdocument.Youshouldanswertheirquestionhere.Tellmewhosequestionyouare
answering.
DoconditionsworkingonthefieldsresemblethatofwhenskaveryexistedintheUnited
States?How?

Chapter4
1.WhoiseligibletostayatagovernmentcampsuchastheoneatArvinandMarysville?
People
areeligibletostayatthegovernmentcampiftheyarefarmpeoplewhoarewillingto
participateinwork,keepthecampsanitaryandclean,andhelpimprovethecampforat
leasttwohoursaweek.
2.AttheArvincamp,whatistheresponsibilityofthefourcommittees?(Nameeachcommittee
anddescribeitsresponsibilities.)
ThefourcommitteesofArvincamparetheworks
committee,entertainmentcommittee,acentralgoverningcommittee,andtheGood
Neighborcommittee.Theworkscommitteehelpsassignpeopleintodifferentjobsthatneed
tobedonesuchasrepairsandotherphysicalwork.Thecentralgoverningcommitteehelps

maketherulesaroundcamp,andtherightseachpersonhas.Thisboostsdignityaspeople
aregivenmorefreedomtodowhattheywant,whichcontraststoworkinginlargeranches.
Theentertainmentcommitteeorganizessocialeventssuchasdances.Punishmentscan
resultinnotattendingthesefestiveevents.TheGoodNeighborcommitteehelpsnewcomers
getusedtothecampandisanallwomancommittee.Theybabysitthekidswhenthe
parentsareoutworking,andtheyhelpwithclothesandotheraccessoriesofthesort.
3.Createaquestionherethatyouarewondering,andasksomeoneinyourgrouptoansweritin
hisorherdocument.Youshouldanswertheirquestionhere.Tellmewhosequestionyouare
answering.
Whatdoyouthinkwastherealreasonbehindlargefarmingcorporationsopposingthese
camps?

Chapter5
1.Whyarethemigrantworkersineligibleforrelief?
Migrantworkersareineligibleforrelief
becausetheyconstantlymovearoundduetotheworkandtheharvestsondifferentfarms
andfields.Theycan'tsetupapermanenthome,becausetheywouldnotreceiveenough
moneytopayforthebarenecessitiesincludingfood.Theirworkdeterminestheirhome.
2.Explaintheconsequencesforthemigrantworkersintermsofmedicine,workrelief,anddirect
relief.
Theconsequencesformigrantworkersintermsofmedicinearethelossesofmoney
producedbyharvesting,andthepoortreatmentinhospitals.Migrantsshouldn'texpectto
betreatedwhenattendingahospitalduetooverflowandlackofresources.Manywith
nonseriousinjuriesaresentawaywithlittletonoremedy.Whenmigrantsapplyforrelief
whenaninabilitytoworkarises,theyaredeniedduetothefactthattheyaren'tconsidered
residentsofthecounty.Thegovernment,ingeneral,doesn'twanttopaythesemigrant
workersoveracertainamounteventhoughtheyarecrucialtothecountrysagriculture.
Thelittlereliefgivenisanomentothefamilieshattheyprobablywouldn'treceivemore
helpforawhile.Lackofreliefforthemigrantsshowhowmuchgovernmentcaresforthem.
3.Createaquestionherethatyouarewondering,andasksomeoneinyourgrouptoansweritin
hisorherdocument.Youshouldanswertheirquestionhere.Tellmewhosequestionyouare
answering.
Whatwouldhappenifmigrantworkersrefusedtoworkandwentonstrike,demanding
governmenttooffmorereliefforthoseinneed?Wouldtheirdemandsbeanswered?

Chapter6
1.Historically,howhasCaliforniatreatedforeignlaborers?Explainthisinrelationtothe
Chinese,theJapanese,theMexicans,andtheFilipinos.
California,historically,hastreated
foreignLaborersunfairlyandunlawfully.ThefirstforeignlaborersimportedtotheUnited
StatesweretheChinese,whowereaccusedlaterofstealingwhitemensjobsandweresent
back/deported.TheJapanesewerenextwhengrowerspleadedforacheaperworkforce,
comingindrovestoworkthefieldsandmakelittlemoney.They,too,wereforcedoutwhen
whitemencouldn'tworkanymore.Somefoundlandandsettleddown,though,contraryto
theChinese.TheMexicanswerenext,bringinginthecheapestlaborthatlowered
minimumwagedownsolowthatnowhitemencouldworkonthefarmsanymore.They
startedforminggroups,andmanygrowersgrewunnervedbythecheaplaborforce.They

weredrivenout,bringingintheFilipinos.Thesemenformedgroupsforprotectionand
werekickedoutagainbecauseofit.
3.Createaquestionherethatyouarewondering,andasksomeoneinyourgrouptoansweritin
hisorherdocument.Youshouldanswertheirquestionhere.Tellmewhosequestionyouare
answering.
Shouldtheseforeignmigrantsworkforsuchlowpayments,andhowdoesthisreflectour
workingforce?

Chapter7
1.Steinbeckoffersmanysolutionsfortheproblemsthatfacemigrantworkers.Whattwo
solutionsdoyoufeelaremostimportant?Explainyourreasoning.
Thesolutionsforthe
problemsthatmigrantworkersfacethatIfindthemosteffectiveareleasedlandsandwage
control.Steinbeckproposesleasedlandstomigrantsfromthegovernment,allowingthem
tousetheirpastexperiencesfromfarmingandagriculturebackgroundstomakemoneyon
them.Itbenefitsgovernmentastheyprobablyreceivetaxesfromthelands,anditbenefits
themigrantswhoareabletoworkinconditionstheycreate.Itisnotdecidedfromhigher
men.Itsawinwinsituation.Wagecontrolisanotherhugesolutiontoproblemsregarding
financesforthesemigrants.Insteadofoverhiringworkersandloweringminimumwage,a
smallerworkforceandhighwageswouldkeepmigrantfamiliesfromnothavinganyfood
orotherbasicresources.Thiswouldlowerthenumberofmigrantswithjobs,butwould
improvemigrantworkinglife.Thiscouldandwillbeeffectiveonlifestylesoflowerclass
migrants,whowillthenhaveenoughmoneytoimproveonwhattheyhave.
2.Createaquestionherethatyouarewondering,andasksomeoneinyourgrouptoansweritin
hisorherdocument.Youshouldanswertheirquestionhere.Tellmewhosequestionyouare
answering.
Whataresomeconsequencesthatwouldformifgovernmentleasedlandstohundredsof
migrants?

Chapters12dueFebruary3bringtoclass(donotsubmityet!)
Chapters34dueFebruary5bringtoclass(donotsubmityet!)
Chapters57due2/10withtwoLevel3questions