Anda di halaman 1dari 8

Engineering Properties of Structural Elements

Strength
Ability to withstand a given stress without failure
Depends on type of material and type of force (tension or
compression)

Tensile Failure

Akash Chauhan

Compressive Failure
1

Engineering Properties of Structural Elements


Stiffness (Rigidity)
Property related to deformation
Stiffer structural elements deform less under the same
applied load
Stiffness depends on type of material (E), structural shape,
and structural configuration
Two main types
Axial stiffness
Bending stiffness
Akash Chauhan

Axial Stiffness
T

L
Stiffness = T / L
Example:
T = 100 lb
L = 0.12 in.

Lo

Stiffness = 100 lb / 0.12 in. = 833 lb/in.

Akash Chauhan

Bending Stiffness
Displacement
Force

Stiffness = Force / Displacement


Example:
Force = 1,000 lb
Displacement = 0.5 in.
Stiffness = 1,000 lb / 0.5 in. = 2,000 lb/in.

Akash Chauhan

Stiffness of Different Structural Shapes

Stiff

Stiffer

Stiffest

Akash Chauhan

Types of Structural Elements Bars and Cables

Bars can carry either tension


or compression

Cables can only carry tension


6

Types of Structural Elements Beams


Loads

Compression

Tension
7

Providing Stability for Lateral Loads

Racking Failure of Pinned Frame

Braced Frame

Infilled Frame

Rigid Joints
8