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Religion

AMERICAN COLONIES
Government
Purpose
Establish
English colony
in New World
Royal
Trade and
profits
Corporate
Religious
freedom for
Separatists
Proprietary,
Trade and
then royal
profits
Corporate
Religious
freedom for
Puritans

Colony
Roanoke

Est.
1585

Region
Southern

Founder
Sir Walter
Raleigh

Virginia

1607

Southern

John Smith

Anglican

Plymouth

1620

NE

William Bradford

Puritan

New York

1626

Middle

Peter Minuit

None

Massachusetts
Bay

1630

NE

John Winthrop

Puritan

New
Hampshire

1630

NE

John Mason

Puritan

Corporate,
then royal

Maryland

1634

Middle

George Calvert

Proprietary

Connecticut

1636

NE

Thomas Hooker

None
(Anglican
after
1692)
Puritan

Corporate

Rhode Island

1636

NE

Roger Williams

None

Corporate

Delaware

1638

Middle

Peter Minuit

None

Proprietary

North
Carolina
New Jersey

1653

Southern

Anglican

Proprietary

1660

Middle

Group of
proprietors
Lord Berkeley

None

Proprietary

South
Carolina
Pennsylvania

1670

Southern

1682

Georgia

1733

Anglican

Proprietary

Middle

Group of
proprietors
William Penn

None

Proprietary

Southern

James Oglethorpe

Anglican

Royal

Escape for
those
constricted by
religious and
economic rules
Religious
freedom for
Catholics
Religious and
economic
freedom
Religious
freedom
Trade and
profits
Trade and
profits
Trade and
profits
Trade and
profits
Religious
freedom for
Quakers; trade
and profits
Debtor colony

Economics

Tobacco
Mixed
farming
Mixed
farming, furs
Mixed
farming,
fishing,
shipbuilding
Mixed
Farming

Note
Colonists disappeared without a trace

Founded as joint-stock company. House of Burgesses


(1619). Only 60 of 1st 900 colonists survived.
Mayflower Compact. Led by William Bradford

Set up as Dutch colony, taken over by English in 1664


Led by John Winthrop. 18,000 settlers by 1642

Puritan harshness led these settlers north and inland.

Tobacco

Founded by George Calvert. Slow growing (only 600 by


1650. Maryland Toleration Act (1649

Mixed
farming

Leaders of Massachusetts asked Hooker and followers to


leave.

Mixed
farming

Williams set up most tolerant colony


Established by Sweden; taken by Dutch, then English.

Rice

Joint business venture

Mixed
farming
Rice

Established by Sweden; taken by English in 1664

Wheat,
mixed
farming

Originally Quaker, this colony became home to many


European immigrants

Rice

Buffer for Spanish colonies Originally outlawed slavery


and restricted size of land grants to 500 acres

Rice major crop.