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Stacy Green
Mrs. Johnson
ENG 111-02A
April 7, 2016
Annotated Bibliography Essay
Fact/opinions, subjectivity/objectivity, and confirmation bias are important concepts to
understand when preparing academic writing. First, fact/opinions I will be talking about if
something is true or false and with an opinion is your feeling. Second, subjectivity/objectivity I
will be talking about if something is unbiased or if you are making a claim. Foremost, I will be
talking about confirmation bias recalling information in a way that confirms ones beliefs.
First, the fact is a piece of information that is used as evidence and also a statement. The
fact can be the truth but it has to have specific details and information. States in the article, How
Do You Separate Fact from Opinion by Bruce Murray, Statement about the real world
supported by convergent evidence. Facts can be empirical, analytical, evaluative, or
metaphysical. (Oliver and Gayle) Opinion is a brief judgement of your point of view and its
also from your perspective. Written in the article, What Are Facts and Opinions by BBC
Skillwise, an opinion is based is on a belief or view. It is not based on evidence that can be
checked. Opinions can be found in a lot of literature such as newspapers. (Gayle)
Second, subjectivity is your points of view, personal opinions, and emotion. Most of the
time, a subjective view is influenced by your opinion that can be unfair. According in this article,
Objective vs. Subjective Writing: Understanding the Difference by April Klazema,
Objectivity and subjectivity can be difficult to tell apart at times, but understanding the
difference between the two can make your writings and argument much stronger. (Whitaker)

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Objectivity is an observation of measurable facts. In the other hand, the article The Lost
Meaning of Objectivity by American Press Institute, develop a consistent method of testing
information a transparent approach to evidence precisely so that personal and cultural biases
would not undermine the accuracy of their work. (Jenkins) The objective is mostly stating what
you exactly want. For example, if you want a job, you would have to write out a resume and that
will be an objective statement.
Third, confirmation bias is ones beliefs. To ignore or not looking for, it also shows
favoritism, unfairness, discrimination, and tendency. Meanwhile, in the article What Is
Confirmation Bias by Shahram Heshmat, He compares confirmation bias to wishful thinking, a
kind of self-deception, and explains that people are prone to believe what they want to believe.
(Wilson) Another article, Dealing with Confirmation Bias by Amaury Murgado, This article
infers that we tend to associate with others with the same beliefs because its the easier path to
follow. The consequences of confirmation bias are that when people find evidence that supports
their notion they often cling to the new information even if it can be disproven, which has proven
to be one of the most dependable mental stumbling blocks. (Hughes)
In conclusion, fact/opinion, subjectivity/objectivity, and confirmation bias are important
in everyday life. Some point in time, everyone will be using this formation in the working place
or at school. Confirmation bias you always have to tell the truth. Subjectivity is just stated your
opinion, and objectivity is reporting the facts. Finally, the fact is the truth and opinion are your
feelings.

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Work Cited
Gayle, Tyler. Personal Correspondence. April 2016.
Hughes, Tori. Personal Correspondence. April 2016.
Heshmat, Shahram. "What Is Confirmation Bias?" Psychology Today. 23 Apr. 2015. Web. 29
Mar. 2016. <https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/science-choice/201504/what-isconfirmation-bias>.
Jenkins, Debra. Personal Correspondence. April 2016
Klazema, April. "Objective vs. Subjective Writing: Understanding the Difference." Udemy Blog.
12 June 2014. Web. 31 Mar. 2016. <https://blog.udemy.com/objective-vs-subjective/>.
Murgado, Amaury. "Dealing with Confirmation Bias." The Law Enforcement Magazine, 17 July
2014. Web. 24 Mar. 2016.
http://www.policemag.com/channel/patrol/articles/2014/07/dealing-with-confirmationbias.aspx
Murray, Bruce. How Do You Separate Fact from Opinion? The Reading Genie at Auburn
University Department of Curriculum and Teaching. N.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2016.
http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/Fact-opinion.html
Oliver, Jon. Personal Correspondence. April 2016
The Lost Meaning of Objectivity. American Press Institute. Web. 7 Apr 2016.
"What Are Facts and Opinions?" BBC Skillwise. 2011. Web. 3 Apr. 2016.
Whitaker, Sara. Personal Correspondence. April 2016.
Wilson, Tiffany. Personal Correspondence. April 2016.