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Biology Test: The Cell

Matthew Tripp
Name _______________________
Subject: Biology
Topic: The Cell
Date ________________________
Grade: 10th Regular
Total Points: 64 points
Part I. True/False. (1 points each)
Directions: In the blank to the left of each question write True if the statement is True and False
if the statement is False.
1. _________ In facilitated diffusion, a substance is helped across the membrane from low
concentration to high concentration
2. _________ Rough endoplasmic reticulum has ribosomes attached to it, whereas smooth
endoplasmic reticulum does not
3. _________ Active transport involves the cell expending energy to digest a substance it
has taken in.
4. _________ All cells have a cell membrane
Part II. True/False Modified (2 points each)
Directions: In the blank to the left of each question write True if the statement is True. If the
statement is False CIRCLE the word or phrase that makes the statement False and WRITE the
correct word in the blank to the left.
1. _______________ Prokaryotic cells are characterized by having membrane-bound
organelles.
2. _______________ Several tissues grouped together and working as a unit form a colony
3. _______________ Lysosomes produce usable energy for the cell
4. _______________ Hydrophobic describes a molecule that is not attracted to water.
Part III. Matching (1 points each)
Directions: Place the capital letter of the correct answer in the blank to the left of each question.
Not all answers will be used.
1. _______ Responsible for protein
synthesis

2. _______ Involved in the processing and


packaging of substances
3. _______ Contain digestive enzymes

4. _______ The location of photosynthesis


A. Chloroplast
B. Cytoplasm
C. Endoplasmic reticulum

D. Golgi apparatus
E. Lysosome
F. Ribosome

Part IV. Multiple Choice (2 points each)


Directions: Place the capital letter of the correct answer in the blank to the left of each question.
1. _______ The control center of most cell activity is the
A. Lysosomes
B. Chromatin
C. Chromosome
D. Nucleus
2. _______ A solution that has a greater concentration of water molecules than the cell it
surrounds is
A. Osmotic
B. Isotonic
C. Hypotonic
D. Hypertonic

Directions: Place the letter of the correct answer in the blank to the left of each question.
3. _______ The use of cellular energy to pump particles across a membrane is called
A. Osmosis
B. Passive transport
C. Diffusion pressure
D. Active transport
4. _______ The cell theory states that
A. Cells are specialized for particular tasks
B. Cells form tissues
C. Cells carry on the function of all living things
D. Cells are made through spontaneous generation
Part V. Fill in the blank (2 points each)
Directions: Write the correct answers in the blanks to the left of the question.
1.
2.
3.
4.

_______________________ The study of cells is called _____.


_______________________ Diffusion is a form of _____.
_______________________ Worn out cell parts get disposed of by the _____.
_______________________ Cell theory states that all cells come from _____ cells.

Part VI. Short Answer (4 points each)


Directions: Answer the following questions with complete sentences in the spaces provided.
1. Which type of organism do you think is better equipped to survive: prokaryotic cells or
eukaryotic cells? Write a 3-5 sentence argument justifying your answer using at least 2
pieces of evidence to support your position.

2. Is a virus considered alive? Write a 2-4 sentence argument justifying your answer using at
least 1 piece of evidence to support your position.

3. Describe 2 similarities and 2 differences between animal cells and plant cells.

Directions: Answer the following questions with complete sentences in the spaces provided.
4. In class we made an analogy between the cell and a City. We examined how the major
parts of the cell function similar to how a City runs. On the lines below make your own
analogy, describe 4 organelles, and relate those organelles to structures in your analogy.

Part VII. Diagrams


Directions: Answer the following questions in the space provided. Artistic ability will not be part
of your grade.
1. Label 5 organelles in the cell and draw a line to their representation on the diagram below
(5 points)

Directions: Answer the following questions in the space provided. Artistic ability will not be part
of your grade.
2. In the space below draw a prokaryotic cell and a eukaryotic cell. Label each as either
prokaryotic or eukaryotic. (4 points)

3. In the space below draw an animal cell and a plant cell. Label each cell as either plant or
animal cell. (4 points)

4. Using the blanks below write the appropriate name for each of the four letters in the
diagram of the mitochondria. (4 points)
A. _________________________
B. _________________________
C. _________________________
D. _________________________
Biology Test: The Cell
Matthew Tripp
Name _______________________
Subject: Biology
Topic: The Cell
Date ________________________
Grade: 10th Regular
Total Points: 64 points
Part I. True/False. (1 points each)
Directions: In the blank to the left of each question write True if the statement is True and False
if the statement is False.
1. False

In facilitated diffusion, a substance is helped across the membrane from low

concentration to high concentration


2. True Rough endoplasmic reticulum has ribosomes attached to it, whereas smooth
endoplasmic reticulum does not
3. False Active transport involves the cell expending energy to digest a substance it has
taken in.
4. True All cells have a cell membrane
Part II. True/False Modified (2 points each)

Directions: In the blank to the left of each question write True if the statement is True. If the
statement is False CIRCLE the word or phrase that make the statement False and WRITE the
correct word in the blank to the left.
1. Eukaryotic

Prokaryotic cells are characterized by having membrane-bound

organelles.
2. Organ
3. Mitochondria
4. True

Several tissues grouped together and working as a unit form a colony


Lysosomes produce usable energy for the cell
Hydrophobic describes a molecule that is not attracted to water.

Part III. Matching (1 points each)


Directions: Place the capital letter of the correct answer in the blank to the left of each question.
Not all answers will be used.
1. ___F___ Responsible for protein
synthesis
2. ___D___ Involved in the processing
and packaging of substances
3. ___E___ Contain digestive enzymes

4. ___A___ The location of


photosynthesis
A. Chloroplast
B. Cytoplasm
C. Endoplasmic reticulum
D. Golgi apparatus
E. Lysosome
F. Ribosome

Part IV. Multiple Choice (2 points each)


Directions: Place the capital letter of the correct answer in the blank to the left of each question.
1. ___D___ The control center of most cell activity is the
A. Lysosomes
B. Chromatin
C. Chromosome
D. Nucleus
2. ___C___ A solution that has a greater concentration of water molecules than the cell it
surrounds is
A. Osmotic
B. Isotonic
C. Hypotonic
D. Hypertonic

Directions: Place the letter of the correct answer in the blank to the left of each question.
3. ___D___ The use of cellular energy to pump particles across a membrane is called
A. Osmosis
B. Passive transport
C. Diffusion pressure
D. Active transport
4. ___G___ The cell theory states that
E. Cells are specialized for particular tasks
F. Cells form tissues
G. Cells carry on the function of all living things
H. Cells are made through spontaneous generation
Part V. Fill in the blank (2 points each)
Directions: Write the correct answers in the blanks to the left of the question.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Cytology
Passive Transport
Lysosomes
Preexisting

Part VI. Short Answer (4 points each)

The study of cells is called _____.


Diffusion is a form of _____.
Worn out cell parts get disposed of by the _____.
Cell theory states that all cells come from _____ cells.

Directions: Answer the following questions with complete sentences in the spaces provided.
1. Which type of organism do you think is better equipped to survive prokaryotic cells or
eukaryotic cells? Write a 3-5 sentence argument justifying your answer using at least 2
pieces of evidence to support your position.
Students answers may vary. Some may argue that prokaryotes are more abundant, reproduce
faster, and that their small size give them an advantage. While others may argue that eukaryotes
complex machinery, multicellular structures, and specialized functions give them the advantage.

2. Is a virus considered alive? Write a 2-4 sentence argument justifying your answer using at
least 1 piece of evidence to support your position.
Students answers may vary. Answers should include evidence like: According to cell theory
living things are made out of cells. Viruses lack nuclei and organelles. Viruses certainly multiply
but they use the host cells ribosomes to reproduce.

3. Describe 2 similarities and 2 differences between animal cells and plant cells.
Students answer may vary. Both animal and plant cells are eukaryotic, have a nucleus and
organelles. Plant cells have a cell wall, chloroplasts, and a central vacuole.

Directions: Answer the following questions with complete sentences in the spaces provided.
4. In class we made an analogy between the cell and a City. We examined how the major
parts of the cell function similar to how a City runs. On the lines below make your own
analogy, describe 4 organelles, and relate those organelles to structures in your analogy.

Students answers may vary. Example: The cell is like a Factory. The nucleus is the office where
the blueprints (DNA) are held. The ER is like the factory where the product is manufactured. The
Golgi Apparatus is the packaging plant where the product is boxed up. The vacuoles are like the
ware house for storing the product.

Part VII. Diagrams (4 points each)


Directions: Answer the following questions in the space provided. Artistic ability will not be part
of your grade.
1. Label 4 organelles in the cell and draw a line to their representation on the diagram below
(4 points)

Directions: Answer the following questions in the space provided. Artistic ability will not be part
of your grade.
2. In the space below draw a prokaryotic cell and a eukaryotic cell. Label each as either
prokaryotic or eukaryotic. (4 points)

3. In the space below draw an animal cell and a plant cell. Label each cell as either plant or
animal cell. (4 points)

4. Using the blanks below write the appropriate name for each of the four letters in the
diagram of the mitochondria. (4 points)
A. _______Matrix___________
B. _______Cristae____________
C. _______Inner Membrane____
D. _______Outer Membrane____