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HIGH STRENGTH

CONCRETE
SUBMITTED BY
NEETHU SUSAN ABRAHAM
ROLL NO-23

INTRODUCTION
High strength concrete (HSC) may be defined as concrete with a
specified characteristic cube strength between 60 and 100 N/mm2
High strength of concrete is achieved by reducing porosity, inhomogeneity, and micro-cracks in the hydrated cement paste and
the transition zone.
Continued developments in high-performance high-strength
concretes are enabling taller, lighter and more cost-effective highrise construction.

REQUIREMENTS FOR HIGH STRENGTH CONCRETE

The target water/cement ratio should


be in the range of 0.30 0.35 or
lower.
Super- plasticisers or water reducers
should be used to achieve maximum
water reduction.
The addition and use of silica fume
offers a dense structure with
enhanced strengthwith high levels of
chemical and abrasion resistance.

MATERIALS FOR HIGH-STRENGTH CONCRETE

CEMENT
Cement composition and fineness .
compatibility with chemical admixtures.

AGGREGATE
FINE AGGREGATE
The particle size distribution of the fine aggregates
fine aggregates with higher fineness modulus (around 3.0)
The use of coarser fine aggregates requires less water to obtain the
same workability
During the mixing process, the coarser fine aggregates will generate
higher shearing stresses that can help prevent flocculation of the
cement paste.
COARSE AGGREGATE
Up to 70 Mpa compressive strength -coarse aggregate of 20 to 28
mm.
100 Mpa compressive strength -aggregate of 10 to 20 mm should be
used.

PRODUCTION OF HIGH
STRENGTH CONCRETE

Seeding: This involves adding a small percentage of finely ground,


fully hydrated Portland cement to the fresh concrete mix. Not reliable.
Revibration: Controlled revibration removes all the defects like
bleeding, water accumulates , plastic shrinkage, continuous capillary
channels and increases the strength of concrete.
High speed slurry mixing: This process involves the advance
preparation of cement - water mixture which is then blended with
aggregate to produce concrete.
Use of admixtures: Use of water reducing agents are known to
produce increased compressive strength.
Inhibition of cracks: If the propagation of cracks is inhibited, the
strength will be higher.
Sulphur Impregnation: Satisfactory high strength concrete have been
produced by impregnating low strength porous concrete by sulphur.
The sulphur infiltrated concrete has given strength up to 58MPa.
Use of Cementitious aggregates: Using Alag as aggregate, strength
up to 25MPa has been obtained with water cement ratio 0.32.

ADVANTAGES OF HIGH
STRENGTH CONCRETE
decreases the column size.
enables taller, lighter and more cost-effective high-rise
construction
decreases amount of steel required for same column.
In high rise building- increases the floor area for rental purpose.
In bridges- reduces the number of beams supporting the slab.
reduce slab depths and, therefore, a buildings overall height.
Reduced maintenance and repairs.
Sustainability benefits
less material usage
possibility of using by-products from other industries such as
ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS), fly ash and
silica fume.

South Wacker Drive |


Concrete Tallest
Building
South Wacker has a total
height of 946ft and was
lasting as a world record
until completion of the
central plaza formerly,
holding the height record
with a total height of
1230ft

In Vidhya Sagar Setu


Bridge, because of use
of HSC instead of NSC
increases the span
between two column
and the overall strength.
In Joingy Bridge, NSC
is replaced by HSC
because of which
volume of concrete
used decreased by
30%.

THANK YOU