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Mr. Miller and Mr.

Butler, 10th grade Pre-IB

Study Guide for Parts of Speech Quiz


Nouns
Define common nouns: Nouns that do not refer to a single, unique person, place, thing, or idea. These are not
capitalized.
Define proper nouns: Nouns that refer to a single, unique person, place, thing, or idea. These must be
capitalized.
Give some examples of each.
Common

Proper

(answers will vary)

Define compound nouns and give a few examples


Nouns which consist of multiple words. Ex. First aid, truck stop
Define collective nouns and give a few examples
Nouns which define a group. Ex. Flock, squad
What does a noun phrase consist of?
A noun and all of its modifiers
Pronouns
Fill out the following chart with the pronouns that fit. Include possessive pronouns.
1st Person
2nd Person
3rd Person
Male
Female
Neuter
Male
Female
Neuter
Male
Female
Singula I, me,
I, me,
I, me,
You,
You,
You,
He, him
She, her,
r
my, mine my, mine my, mine your,
your,
your,
his
hers
yours
yours
yours

Plural

We, us,
our, ours

We, us,
our, ours

We, us,
our, ours

You,
your,
yours

You,
your,
yours

You,
your,
yours

(yall)

(yall)

(yall)

They,
them,
their,
theirs

They,
them,
their,
theirs

Neuter
It, its

They,
them,
their,
theirs

Mr. Miller and Mr. Butler, 10th grade Pre-IB

Verbs
Define lexical/main verb: The primary verb in a verb phrase. Has more than a grammatical meaning.
Define helping/auxiliary verb: A verb which serves a purely grammatical purpose. Cannot be the only verb in a
verb phrase.
Define action verb: A verb which describes something that happens.
Define linking/state of being verb: A verb which links the subject with its complement. An equals sign in
the middle of a sentence.
Define transitive verb and give a few examples: A verb which takes an object. Ex. Throw, destroy, praise

Define intransitive verb and give a few examples: A verb which does not take an object. Ex. Run, step, pirouette

Identify the following sentences as either active or passive voice, and rewrite them in their opposite form. If a
sentence in passive voice lacks what will become the subject when the sentence is changed to active voice,
make one up!
1. I ate a donut.
Active; (Wow,) a donut was eaten by me.
2. Pearl Harbor was bombed by the Japanese.
Passive; (Oh my God, ) the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor.
3. The church bells all were broken.
Passive; (Oh no, ) the death of the music broke all the church bells.
4. Voldemort killed my parents.
Active; (No!) My parents were killed by Voldemort.
5. The entire underwater town was pushed into a valley by some sea creatures and their starfish leader.
Passive; (What the heck?) Some sea creatures and their starfish leader pushed the entire underwater town into a
valley.

Mr. Miller and Mr. Butler, 10th grade Pre-IB

Fill in the blanks in the flowchart for determining the categorization of a verb.
Lexical?
Yes
_Action Verb?

No

___State of Being Verb?

Helping Verb (H)


Linking Verb (BIL)

Is there __Passive Voice?


No
Transitive?

(A, T,
AV)

Yes

(A, PV)

Intransitive? (A, I)

Adjectives
Which parts of speech can adjectives modify?
Nouns
List the main questions an adjective answers.
Which one? What kind? How many?
Which suffix at the end of an adjective turns it into a comparative adjective? -er
Which suffix at the end of an adjective turns it into a superlative adjective? -est
Which word inserted before an adjective can make it a comparative adjective? more
Which word inserted before an adjective can make it a superlative adjective? most
Adverbs
Which parts of speech can adverbs modify?
Verbs, Adjectives, and other Adverbs
List some of the main questions an adverb answers.
How, when, why, to what extent

Mr. Miller and Mr. Butler, 10th grade Pre-IB

Prepositions
Name twenty prepositions.
(answers will vary)

What constitutes a prepositional phrase?


A preposition and a noun phrase
Which two functions can a prepositional phrase serve?
Adjectival and adverbial
Interjections
Define interjections: Words which interrupt a sentence to express emotion.
Insert interjections in the example sentences from the active/passive voice section of the study guide.
Conjunctions
Which three things can conjunctions join? 1._Words__ 2. ___Phrases__ 3. ____Clauses__
Name some examples of one-word conjunctions.
For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
Name some examples of multi-word conjunctions.
Either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also, whether/or
Miscellaneous questions:
Which part of speech are articles? Name all of them.
Adjectives. A, an, the
What are modifiers?
Adjectives and adverbs
In switching a sentence from active voice to passive voice, which construction is used to include the noun
which used to be the subject?
A prepositional phrase
List some words which may serve as different parts of speech depending on the context. Name the parts of
speech.
For: preposition or conjunction. To: verbal (infinitive) or preposition. Good (adjective or noun).