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Transportation Technology Center, Inc.

, a subsidiary of the Association of American Railroads

James R. Dinell
Vice President, NDT
AllTranstek

Auditing
Nondestructive
Testing

10:30 to 11:00 a.m.

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Auditing NDT Basics

Nondestructive Testing
What is NDT??
NDT is an acronym for nondestructive testing.
It is a group of well-developed processes that aid in
assessing the quality of a component without harming
the part in any way.

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Auditing NDT Basics

How Do I Audit this NDT Stuff??

Use a Checklist

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Auditing NDT Basics

NDT Checklist:
QASE
Internal
Facility

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Auditing NDT Basics

Where do I start??

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Auditing NDT Basics

The Written Practice

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Auditing NDT Basics

The NDT Written Practice so important?


Its the operating manual for the NDT program!

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Auditing NDT Basics

The Written Practice should be written to and follow a


Qualification and certification specification.
Use your checklist in con junction with the
specification.

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THE WRITTEN PRACTICE

The Written Practice established by specifications


(examples):

ASNT SNT-TC-1A
CP-189

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Auditing NDT Basics

How Do I Audit
The Written Practice?

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THE WRITTEN PRACTICE

What should the Written Practice describe?


It should describe the responsibility of each level of certification for
determining the acceptability of material.
What can Level I personnel do?
What can Level II personnel do?
Does it meet all applicable specification?
Who is the certifying authority
(designated company official)?

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THE WRITTEN PRACTICE

What should the Written Practice include?


Personnel duties and responsibilities.
Training requirements.
Experience requirements.
Examination requirements.
Records and Documentation requirements including:
Who controls it.
Responsibility.
Record retention.

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THE WRITTEN PRACTICE

Qualification and Certification of NDT


Personnel:
What does Qualification mean?
What does Certification mean?
What are the basic levels of qualification?
Examination requirements.

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QUALIFICATION
What does Qualification mean?

Qualification is the process of demonstrating that the


candidate possesses the required training, experience,
knowledge and capabilities to perform NDT as defined in the
written practice.
An individual is qualified when they have achieved these
criteria.

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CERTIFICATION
What does Certification mean?

Certification is written testimony that all the qualification


criteria in the Written Practice have been satisfied.

It is independent verification of qualifications!

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Auditing NDT Basics

Many auditors end when they see the certification when


in fact its just a start.

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CERTIFICATION

What does Certification mean?


Certification is written testimony of qualification
Certification is not a performance guarantee
Not a Federal license like FAA
Examples: Drivers License

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With a simple printer anyone can issue a


Certification

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LEVELS of CERTIFICATION

What are the basic levels of certification?


Specifications establishes three levels of Qualification.
NDT Level I
NDT Level II
NDT Level III

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The NDT Level

WHAT CAN A NDT LEVEL I DO?


A Level I is qualified to perform specific calibrations,
specific NDT, and specific evaluations for acceptance
according to written instructions and to record results.
An NDT Level I can receive instruction or supervision
from a NDT Level II or III.

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The NDT Level III

WHO IS THE NDT LEVEL III?


An NDT Level III is usually the person who administers the NDT
program.
The Level III establishes the inspection procedures and the
acceptance criteria.
Has a background on the materials, fabrication, and product
produced.

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The NDT Level III

How can I verify Level III certification?


Verify By:

ASNT website (www.asnt.org ) for ASNT certs. (search by


cert # or name).
Asking for documentation for In-house programs (i.e., test
scores, etc.).

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Auditing NDT Personnel Training

Initial and Refresher Training Requirements:


What is needed for initial training?
What is needed for refresher training?

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What level of educationis needed for


certification?

Level I and Level II Trainees:


Below is a list of examples of minimum level of
educational backgrounds of Level I and Level II
candidates:
9th grade education plus 10 years previous experience

High school education plus 5 years previous experience


4 year college degree plus 1 year previous experience

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Refresher Training

Refresher Training Requirements


Will vary from employer to employer. The requirement must be
stated in the Written Practice. Things to consider for refresher
training are:
The relative difficulty of the method.
The experience of the NDT personnel.
The criticality of the inspection.
The type of refresher training.

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An individuals certifications shall expire:

When employment with employer is terminated.


Level
NDT

I and Level II 3 Years

Level III 5 Years

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Auditing Certification Summary

NDT Certification Process Flow

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I. Initial certification

1. Document educational background meeting


requirements
2. Perform Eye Exam
3.Classroom Training Hours (Level I and II)
4. 3-Part Exam

General Exam
Specific Exam
Practical Exam

5. Log Experience Hours


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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

II. Certifications

Company name
Individual name
Method(s) certified
Issue date
Expiration date
Certifying Authority signature

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III. Recertification Process

1. Annual maintenance test per method.


2. Recurrence training every 3 years.
3. Performance Evaluation Periodically.

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Auditing Inspection Procedures

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Inspectors are accepting or rejecting a component


according to the regulations or requirements. These
requirements may come from codes, standards,
specifications, or procedures.
Much like a baseball umpire, you are judging things
according to the Rule Book.

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Auditing NDT Procedures

A procedure is a very specific, step-by-step, lower-level


document on how to perform an operation.
Procedures will usually have a purpose, scope,
reference, outline of work to perform, acceptance
criteria and documentation requirements.
A procedure may have or reference a form.

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What should be Audited for a NDT


procedure?

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NDT Procedures should include:


Personnel requirements
Responsibility requirements
Surface preparation requirements
Calibration requirements
Specific equipment requirements
Special inspection techniques
Acceptance criteria

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NDT Procedures should include

Post-examination cleaning requirements


Procedure qualification requirements, including
sensitivity and reliability (PODs)
Limitations and special requirements
Report requirements, including forms
Temperature constraintsWhy?

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Climate can be a factor!

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NDT AUDIT SUMMARY

What Specification does the Company Follow?


Use a NDT Checklist

Review the Written Practice


Review Certifications
Review Procedures
Review NDT Reports
Inspection Demonstrations.
Ask Questions

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Thank you for your attention and

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I hope I havent talked your head off..Questions???

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Transportation Technology Center, Inc., a subsidiary of the Association of American Railroads

Tank Car Committee


Update

Next
11:00 to 11:15 am.

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