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NAME: Maata Epenisa

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CLASS: HISTORY 1700-026-SP16


PROF: KEN C. HANSEN

Constitutional Exam for History 1700 Hansen Fall 2015


1.

The Constitution of the United States replaced which one of the following documents:
A.

Articles of Confederation.

B.

Act of Toleration.

C.

Frame of Government

D.

Declaration of Independence.

Identify three weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.


2.

Under the Article, the states, not congress, had the power to tax.

3.

No national Court System.

4.

One Vote for each state, regardless of size.

5.

What is the Preamble to the Constitution?


We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic
Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of
Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of
America.

What are the six stated goals of the Constitution?


6.

To form a more perfect union

7.

To ensure domestic tranquility.

8.

To establish justice.

9.

To provide for a common defense.

10.

To promote the general welfare.

11.

To secure the blessings of liberty.

12.

Which branch of government does Article I establish or create?


The legislative Branch

13.

Which branch of government does Article II establish or create?


The Executive Branch

14.

Which branch of government does Article III establish or create?


The Judicial Branch

15.

What is the primary responsibility and authority of the Legislative Branch?


The main purpose of the legislative branch in Government is generally (1) to legislate (to make laws), (2) to
set the budget for the State (or government or country, if you prefer), (3) and to set domestic policies. In
many cases, especially republics such as the United States or China, the executive branch (that is, the
President) is constitutionally responsible for Foreign policies and affairs (that is, making State visits to
different countries and allies, accepting or denying the credentials of diplomats, etc.).

16.

What is the term of office for members of the House of Representatives?


A.

1 year.

B. 2 years.

C.

3 years. D.

6 years.

What are the three requirements to be eligible for election to be a member of the House of Representatives?
17.

Be at least 25 years old

18.

Be a U.S. Citizen for the past 7 years

19.

Live in the state they represent

20.

What determines the number of representatives from each state to the House of Representatives?
A. Population.

21.

B. Geographical size.

C. Economy.

D. Seniority.

How is the number of Senators from each state determined?


A. Population.

B. Physical size of state.

C. Religion.

D. Stated in Article I.

What are the three requirements to be eligible to be elected a U. S. Senator?


22.

Must be minimum 30 years old at the time of inauguration.

23.

Must be resident of the state in which elected.

24.

Must have been a U.S. citizen for nine years.

25.

Which one of the following has the sole power of impeachment?


A. Senate.

26.

D. States.

Which organization has sole power to try all cases of impeachment?


A. Senate.

27.

B. House of Representatives. C. Supreme Court.

B. House of Representatives. C. Supreme Court.

D. States.

Who is the presiding officer when the President of the United States is tried for impeachment?
A. Speaker of the House.

B. President of the Senate.

C. Vice President.

D. Chief Justice.

28.

Where do all bills for raising revenue originate?


A. Senate.

29.

B. House of Representatives. C. President.

D. States.

Where in the Constitution does it say the Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties,
imposts and excises? Identify the Article and Section.

ARTICLE I, SECTION 8, CLAUSE 1


30.

Who holds the executive power of the United States?


The President

31.

Who elects the President of the United States?


A. Senate.

32.

B. House of Representatives. C. Electoral College.

Which one of the following is not a reason for the President to be impeached?
A. High Crimes or Misdemeanors.

33.

D. Citizen Voters.

B. Treason.

C. Bribery.

D. Poor judgment.

What is the most important requirement for a person to be elected President of the United States
which only applies to the presidency?
Be a natural born citizen, be at least 35 years old, and live in the U.S. for 14 years.

34.

What power does the President have to reject legislation passed by Congress?
The president vetos it.

35.

What power does Congress have to counter the answer in question 33?
To counter the president, the Congress has the power to override his veto and pass legislation into law the he
has rejected.

36.

What is the highest court in the United States?


Supreme Court

37.

What is a mandatory requirement in the case of all Criminal trials?


A. Panel of judges.

38.

B. Trial by Jury.

C. Relocation of Trial.

D. Closed hearings.

How is treason defined in the Constitution?


The treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their
enemies, giving them aid and comfort. NO person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of
two witness to the same over act, or on confession in open court.

39.

Who has the power to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the Territory or
other Property belonging to the United States?
The Congress

40.

Who has the power to propose amendments to the Constitution?


The Congress

41.

What percentage vote of the State Legislatures must be obtained to ratify an amendment to the
Constitution?
A.

42.

51%.

B.

65%.

C.

66.6%.

D.

Which of the following is not a part of the Supreme Law of the Land?
A. Constitution. B. Laws of the United States. C. U. S. Treaties.

43.

75%.

D. Declaration of Independence.

What does Article IV Section 2 give to citizens of each state?


The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several state.

44.

Which amendments constitute the Bill of Rights?


Amendments 1 to 10 from constitution.

45.

How many states voting yes did it take to ratify the Constitution?
A. 13.

46.

B. 7.

C. 10.

D. 9.

E. 12.

What year did the first ten amendments to the Constitution go into effect?
1791.

What rights are guaranteed in the 1st Amendment?


47

Freedom of Speech

48.

Freedom of Religion

49

Freedom of Peaceful Assembly

50.

Freedom of the Press

51.

Right to Petition the government for redress of grievances.

What two rights are guaranteed by the 2nd Amendment?


52.

Well regulated Militia

53.

Right of the people to keep and bear Arms.

54.

What conditions are being placed upon citizens in obtaining guns and owning guns today?

No felonies
Concealed weapon permit from federal.
Must be 21 and over for handgun and Age 18 and over for rifle and shotdun.
Register by owner
55.

Whose consent is required in the 3rd Amendment?


The owner of the property.

56.

What protection is given by the 4th Amendment?


Protects personal privacy, and every citizens has the right to be free from unreasonable government intrusion
into their homes, business, persons and property.

What is required before a Warrant can be issued under the fourth amendment?
57.

An officer applied for a warrant must be neutral seized.

58.

A warrant describes the person or place to be searched.

59.

An application for a warrant must be supported by a sworn, detailed statement made by a law enforcement
officer appearing before a neutral judge or magistrate.

60.

Probable cause supporting the warrant is sworn by the officer as true as the best his/her knowledge.

61.

According to the 5th Amendment what must be issued for a person to be held on a capital or infamous
crime?
Sets out rules for indictment by grand jury and eminent domain, protects the right to due process, and
prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy.

No person shall be held to answer for a capital crime except on an indictment or charge by a grand
jury.
Double jeopardy: No person shall be subject to be put in jeopardy twice for the same crime.
The accused cannot be compelled to bear witness against themselves.
Nor be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law.
Nor shall property be taken without just compensation.
62.

What is double jeopardy?


Being tried twice for the same offense.

63.

Why would a person invoke their fifth-amendment right to not testify against themselves?

The Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution gives individuals the right to refuse to answer any questions
or make any statements, when to do so would help establish that the person committed a crime or is
connected to any criminal activity.
What rights are guaranteed under the 6th Amendment?
64.

Criminal prosecutions: Accused has the right to a speedy trail.

65.

Trail by an impartial jury.

66.

Accused has the right to be notified of the charges against them.

67.

Accused has the right to confront the witness against them.

68.

Right of subpoena for obtaining witnesses for the accused.

69.

Accused has the right to legal representation or assistance.

70.

What right is given under the 7th Amendment?


The right to trial by jury in certain civil. Facts tried by a jury cannot be reexamined in any court of the United
States under United States except under the rues of common law.

What are the three rights guaranteed by the 8th Amendment?


71

Excessive bail shall not be required.

72.

No excessive fines imposed.

73.

No cruel and unusual punishment is forbidden.

74.

What rights are protected by the 9th Amendment?


The 9th Amendment States that the enumeration in the constitution of certain rights, shall not be construed in
deny or disparage others retained by the people. Protect personnel and inalienable rights.

75.

According to the 10th Amendment who retains any powers not delegated to the United States by the
Constitution?
The 10th Amendment makes the idea that the federal government limited only to the powers granted in the
Constitution. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the
States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
(Nobody, Especially the Federal Government, may act outside of the rule of law.)

76.

What branch of the United States government controls the expansion of the Federal Court System?

Supreme Court
77.

Which branch of the government does the 11th Amendment apply?


The Judicial Limits

78.

79.

In the 12th Amendment what does the vote of the electors determine?
A.

The President and Vice President.

B.

Supreme Court Chief Justice.

C.

Speaker of the House.

D.

President of the Senate.

What did the 13th Amendment do?


It abolished slavery in the United States.

80.

In the 14th Amendment how are citizens of the United States identified? Be specific!
Citizenship Rights: Alll persons born or naturalized are citizens of the United States and Equality Clause.

81.

What does the 15th Amendment guarantee citizens of the United States?
It guarantees a right to vote.

82.

What does the 16th Amendment allow Congress to do?


It allows the federal government to collect income tax.

83.

How does the 17th Amendment change the manner of electing Senators to Congress?
It established the direct election of United States Senators by popular vote. Take power away from state
legislatures.

84.

What did the 18th Amendment do?


Liquor abolished and starts and prohibition.

85.

Who was granted power to enforce this law?

The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this
article. AMENDMENT XIV, SECTION 5
86.

Who benefitted with the passage of the 19th Amendment?


Given the right to vote to Women. (women Suffrage)

87.

According to the 20th Amendment who is to serve as President of the United States if the elected
president cannot serve because of death or disability?
Vice President.

88.

According to Section 4 of the 20th Amendment who has the power to select a president if necessary?

House of Representatives.
89.

Who then has the power to choose a Vice President?


Senate.

90.

What did the 21st Amendment do?


It allowed sale and consumption of alcohol, ending prohibition in 18 th Amendment. Makes alcoholic
beverages legal.

91.

The 22nd Amendment to the Constitution is called the Roosevelt Amendment. How did it change
presidential terms of office?
Limits the president to two terms, or a maximum of 10 years.

92.

Why was this Amendment proposed and ratified?


The 22nd Amendment was passed to prevent future president from remaining more than two terms.

93.

What does the 23rd Amendment do for the District of Columbia?


Presidential Vote for District of Columbia: Grants DC electoral votes equal to smallest state.

94.

What happens to a legislative bill ten days after receipt by the President of the United States?

If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall
have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless
the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law.
ARTICLE I, SECTION 7, CLAUSE 2
95.

What does the 24th Amendment do to protect the right of citizens to vote?
Prohibits the revocation of voting rights due to the non-payment of poll taxes.

96.

What does the 25th Amendment clarify?


The clarify the process of presidential succession.

97.

How can the president be relieved of his duties if he is unable to physically or mentally adequately
perform?
When the president removed from office, dies, or resigns. In any of these situations, the Vice President
immediately becomes President.

98.

What did the 26th Amendment change?

The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be defined
or abridged by the United States or any states on account of age. The congress shall have power to enforce
this article by appropriate legislation.
99.

Who does the 27th Amendment apply to?


The 27th Amendment Limiting changes to congressional pay or prohibits any law that increases or decreases
the salary of members of the congress from taking effect until the start of the next set of terms of office from
representatives.

100.

What is the Electoral College and what problems are associated with it?

The Electoral College is a body of people representing the states of the US. Problems are associated
with Unequal voting power depending on where you live.