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# Ukuran dalam

)
(cm

25

y1

ya =8,06

5

step 1

z1

CL

y2

z2
20

yb =16,94

5

step 2

MOMEN INERSIA. I

Ix tot 

Rumus Umum :

1
1
3
2
3
2
.b1 .h1  AI .z1  .b2 .h2  AII .z 2
12
12

I    2 .dA

= 12274.3 cm4
step 3

MOMEN LAWAN, W

W ATAS 

Ix
ya

Rumus Umum :

W 

I
y

= 1523.71 cm³

W BAWAH

Ix
yb

= 724.385 cm³

step 4

TEGANGAN :

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

25

Ukuran dalam)
(cm

y1

ya =8,06

5

zp1
CL

y2

zp2

zp3
20

yb =16,94

5

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

5

1)

 

TEGANGAN GESER, t Rumus Umum :

D.S
b.I

a(. Sayap )Flens(
a =

1200 ) 25 x 5 x 5.56 ( =
25 x 12274.3056

2.7157 kg/cm²

b =

1200 )

5
5

x 20 x 6.94 (
x 12274.3056

= 13.5785 kg/cm²

c =

2)

1200 )

x ### x 8.47 ( = 14.0349 kg/cm²
x 12274.3056

TEGANGAN NORMAL,N

N =

3)

5
5

Rumus Umum :

 

P
A

N = ### = -8.89 kg/cm²
A
225

TEGANGAN LENTUR,

MRumus Umum :  

M
W

a( . Serat Atas ==> Momen negatif berarti serat atas tertarik )+(

M 

M I I
W ATAS

= 720000 = 472.532 kg/cm²
1523.7

)+(

b( . Serat Bawah ==> Momen negatif berarti serat atas tertekan )-(

M 

M I I
WBAWAH

= 720000 = 993.946 kg/cm²
724.39

)-(

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

027157001 100 0.088888889 -100 0.0349 Diagram Teg.532 993.140348892 -8.06 5 zp1 y2 zp2 zp3 20 yb =16.94 5 SONDRA RAHARJA. Geser 2.Gambar Diagram Titik-titik Koordinat Diagram Diagram Teg.088888889 472.88889 scale -100 0.5785 14.7157 13.047253182 10000 0.88889 -8. ST GAMBAR DIAG .099394625 Diagram Teg. Normal scale 100 0.135785007 100 0. Lentur 25 y1 ya =8.946 scale 10000 0.

9444 cm z1 = ya .05556 cm AI + AII yb = )20+5( .Parameter b1 = 25 cm h1 = 5 cm b2 = 5 cm h2 = 20 cm STATIS MOMEN KE TEPI ATAS. (ya) AI AII = 25 = 5 x 5 = x 20 = y1 y2 = 5 = 20 2 / + ya = AI.y1 + AII.y2= 8. ST .ya = 16.ya = 6.y1 = 5.94444 cm 2 = 5 = 125 cm² 100 cm² 2.55556 cm z2 = y2 .5 cm 15 cm SONDRA RAHARJA.

55556 cm zp2 = y2 .zp1 = ya .9 cm SONDRA RAHARJA.47222 cm b3 h3 = 5 cm = yb cm = 16. ST .ya = 6.94444 cm zp3 = yb/2 = 8.y1 = 5.

ST .cm = 1523.71 cm³ = 724.m 720000 kg.Diketahui : D = = 1.2 t 1200 kg Diketahui : N = -2 t -2000 kg Diketahui : Atotal = b1.385 cm³ SONDRA RAHARJA.2 t.h2 = AI + AII = 225 cm² M = I-I WATAS WBAWAH 7.h1 + b2.

889 5 2.716 13. ST GAMBAR DIAGRAM TEGANGAN PADA POT . GESER TEG.8.579 14 20 TEG. NOR SONDRA RAHARJA.

ST .y1 + AII.091 cm - yb = )20+5( .ya = 440.909 cm - = = 100 cm 450 cm SONDRA RAHARJA.y2 AI + AII = 259.600 50 100 50 100 100 100 100 50 50 150 100 250 50 350 450 550 650 50 100 50 200 AI AII = = 600 200 x x 200 500 = = 120000 mm2 100000 mm2 y1 y2 = = 200 500 2 / + 2 200 ya = AI.

ST .SONDRA RAHARJA.

SONDRA RAHARJA. ST .

8.579 14 993. LENTUR SONDRA RAHARJA.889 472.532 13. ST GAN PADA POTONGAN I .I .946 R TEG. NORMAL TEG.

ST .SONDRA RAHARJA.

ST .SONDRA RAHARJA.

SONDRA RAHARJA. ST .

SONDRA RAHARJA. ST .

d') 0.343.d' = 500 fc' = fy = 667.5287 mm2 As = As' = 850.992.h/2) + As' x fy x (d .5862 850.5862 0.5862 0.5862 850.85 x fc' x h x b x (d .00 .h/2 = 200 d .d' d= 450 d .96876755 25 N/mm2 400 N/mm2 D= As tul = 19 mm 283.b= h= 250 500 d' = 50 d = h .85 x fc' x h x b + (As + As') x fy b= h= 250 600 d' = 50 d = h .d' d= 550 d .5287 mm2 As = As' = 850.85 x fc' x h x b + (As + As') x fy 200.242.00 966.h/2) + As' x fy x (d .85 x fc' x h x b x (d .75 3336718.19 3867968.793.d') 0.96876755 250.d' = 400 fc' = fy = 25 N/mm2 400 N/mm2 D= As tul = 19 mm 283.h/2 = 250 d .

85 x fc' x h x b x (d .793.h/2) + As' x fy x (d .d' d= 460 d .85 x fc' x h x b + (As + As') x fy 667.d') 0.343.75 3450130.h/2 = 200 d .96876755 210.46356214 193.115 850.5862 0.b= h= 250 500 d' = 40 d = h .85 x fc' x h x b x (d .85 x fc' x h x b + (As + As') x fy b= h= 250 500 d' = 50 fc' = fy = 700.00 25 N/mm2 400 N/mm2 D= As tul = 19 mm 283.710.h/2 = 210 d .d' d= 450 d .5287 mm2 As = As' = 850.43 ACER: BERGESER K YANG LEBIH MENCAPAI (LEBIH DEK BESAR) .44 3336718.5287 mm2 As = As' = 1134.983.h/2) + As' x fy x (d .d') 0.d' = 420 fc' = fy = 25 N/mm2 400 N/mm2 D= As tul = 19 mm 283.5862 850.d' = ==>PERHATAN JIKA TULANGAN TIDA 400 0.5862 d = h .

88 3981380.d' = 520 fc' = fy = 25 N/mm2 400 N/mm2 D= As tul = 19 mm 283.85 x fc' x h x b + (As + As') x fy 1.b= h= 250 600 d' = 40 d = h .d' d= 560 d .005.115 850.h/2 = 260 d .5287 mm2 As = As' = 1134.931.671.59 .5862 0.46356214 252.85 x fc' x h x b x (d .h/2) + As' x fy x (d .d') 0.

.

KA TULANGAN TIDAK SERAGAM ACER: BERGESER KE ARAH TULANGAN YANG LEBIH BANYAK UNTUK MENCAPAI KESEIMBANGAN (LEBIH DEKAT KE AS YANG BESAR) .

.

048.d' = 500 mm 0.90 = 3.63 Statis Momen terhadap tulangan tekan.925.157.262.925.262.d' = 250 mm d .d') 0.d') + As x fy x (d .85 x fc' x h x b + (As + As') x fy = 981.048.048.b= h= 250 mm 600 mm d' = 50 mm d = h .d' d= 550 mm fc' = fy = 27 N/mm2 400 N/mm2 D= As tul = 16 mm 201.h/2) + As' x fy x (d .47742 = 3.157.d') 0.1857894892 603.d' = 500 mm 0.85 x fc' x h x b x ( h/2) + As' x fy x (d') + As x fy x (d) 0.63 Statis Momen terhadap tepi atas blok teg.85 x fc' x h x b + (As + As') x fy 1177514589.85 x fc' x h x b x (h/2 .1857894892 . As : d"= d . Tekan beton : d"= 0.925.85 x fc' x h x b x (d .63 603.0619298297 mm2 As = As' = 3 D 16 3 D 16 Statis Momen terhadap tulangan tarik.85 x fc' x h x b + (As + As') x fy = 981. As' : d"= h/2 .90 = 3.h/2 = 250 mm d .

078.L2 d"= Z1 = Z2 = Z3 = 125 mm 125 mm 375 mm 0.85 x fc' x h x b x (Z1) .As' x fy x (Z2) + As x fy x (Z3) 0.631.925.Statis Momen terhadap titik x : x= 125 mm dari garis netral penampang beton ke kanan Z1 = x Z2 = h/2 .048.d' .95 = 3.63 .x Z3 = d .d' .85 x fc' x h x b + (As + As') x fy Statis Momen terhadap garis netral penampang beton : Z1 = x Z1 = 0 mm 490.

85 x fc' x h x b x (Z1) .Z2 = h/2 .925.048.63 .h/2 d"= Z2 = Z3 = 250 mm 250 mm 0.As' x fy x (Z2) + As x fy x (Z3) 0.85 x fc' x h x b + (As + As') x fy .d' Z3 = d .= 3.

00 mm dari tulangan tarik 300.mm2 mm2 250.00 mm dari tepi atas blok teg. Tekan beton 250.00 mm dari tulangan tekan .

00 mm dari titik x .125.

.mm dari dari garis netral penampang .

644 mm2 567.85 x fc' x h x b x Zc) + (As1x fy x Z1) + (As2x fy x Z2) + (As3x fy x Z3) .(As5x fy x Z5) (0.d3 Z4 = d4 .583.a/2 Z1 = h/2 .92 .0575 mm2 567.d' d= 1 D= 19 mm As = 283. a= d' = d = h .d2 Z3 = h/2 .h/2 Cc Cs5 Cs4 Cs3 Cs2 Z4 Z2 0 mm 150 mm 75 mm 0 mm 75 mm 150 mm Cs1 Z1 Z5 d" = Zc = Z1 = Z2 = Z3 = Z4 = Z5 = (0.h/2 Z5 = d5 .d1 Z2 = h/2 .mm dari garis netral .(As4x fy x Z4) .MENGHITUNG d' (CENTROID PLASTIS) fc' = fy = b= h= a = h.85 x fc' x h x b) + (As1+ As2 + As3 + As4 + As5) x fy 0= 5.486.1)( h .0575 mm2 567.5287 mm2 27 N/mm2 400 N/mm2 As1 = As2 = As3 = As4 = As5 = 400 mm 400 mm 400 mm 50 mm 1417.0575 mm2 1417.1) dc = d' b = 400 dc = d1 = 50 mm d2 = 125 mm d3 = 200 mm d4 = 275 mm d5 = 350 mm 50 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 Zc = h/2 .644 mm2 350 mm Statis Momen terhadap garis netral penampang beton : h = 400 di = dc + ( i .2dc ) / (N .

2 Statis Momen terhadap tepi atas blok tegangan tekan beton : h = 400 d1 = 50 mm d2 = 125 mm d3 = 200 mm d4 = 275 mm d5 = 350 mm b = 400 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 Zc = h/2 Z1 = d1 Z2 = d2 Z3 = d3 Z4 = d4 Z5 = d5 Cc Cs5 Cs4 Cs3 Cs2 Zc = Z1 = Z2 = Z3 = Z4 = Z5 = 200 mm 50 mm 125 mm 200 mm 275 mm 350 mm Cs1 Z1 Z2 Z3 = Zc Z4 Z5 d" = (0.583.92 200.00 mm dari tepi atas blok tegangan tekan beton .85 x fc' x h x b x Zc) + (As1x fy x Z1 + As2x fy x Z2) + (As3x fy x Z3) + (As4x fy x Z4) + (As5x fy x Z5) (0.3 = 5.85 x fc' x h x b) + (As1+ As2 + As3 + As4 + As5) x fy 1097316783.486.

h/2 Z1 = d .85 x fc' x h x b) + (As1+ As2 + As3 + As4 + As5) x fy 822987587.00 mm dari As5 .3 Statis Momen terhadap As5 : h = 400 b = 400 d1 = 50 mm d2 = 125 mm d3 = 200 mm d4 = 275 mm d5 = 350 mm d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 Cc Cs5 Cs4 Cs3 Cs2 Cs1 Zc = d .92 150.d Zc = Z1 = Z2 = Z3 = Z4 = Z5 = 150 mm 300 mm 225 mm 150 mm 75 mm 0 mm Z4 Z3 = Zc Z2 Z1 d" = (0.486.d4 Z5 = d .d3 Z4 = d .583.d2 Z3 = d .85 x fc' x h x b x Zc) + (As1x fy x Z1) + (As2x fy x Z2) + (As3x fy x Z3) + (As4x fy x Z4) + (As5x fy x Z5) (0.51 = 5.d1 Z2 = d .

d3 Z4 = d4 .4 Statis Momen terhadap As4 : h = 400 d1 = 50 mm d2 = 125 mm d3 = 200 mm d4 = 275 mm d5 = 350 mm b = 400 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 Zc = d4 .d4 Cc Cs5 Cs4 Z5 Cs3 Cs2 Zc = Z1 = Z2 = Z3 = Z4 = Z5 = 75 mm 225 mm 150 mm 75 mm 0 mm 75 mm Cs1 Z3 = Zc Z2 Z1 d" = (0.d1 Z2 = d4 .00 mm dari As4 .d4 Z5 = d5 .92 75.583.486.85 x fc' x h x b) + (As1+ As2 + As3 + As4 + As5) x fy 411493793.h/2 Z1 = d4 .(As5x fy x Z5) (0.85 x fc' x h x b x Zc) + (As1x fy x Z1) + (As2x fy x Z2) + (As3x fy x Z3) + (As4x fy x Z4) .75 = 5.d2 Z3 = d4 .

85 x fc' x h x b) + (As1+ As2 + As3 + As4 + As5) x fy 0= 5.5 Statis Momen terhadap As3 : h = 400 d1 = 50 mm d2 = 125 mm d3 = 200 mm d4 = 275 mm d5 = 350 mm b = 400 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 Cc Cs5 Cs4 Cs3 Cs2 Z5 Zc = Z1 = Z2 = Z3 = Z4 = Z5 = 0 mm 150 mm 75 mm 0 mm 75 mm 150 mm Z1 Z4 d" = Cs1 Zc = d3 .mm dari As3 .(As4x fy x Z4) .92 .486.d3 Z2 (0.d3 Z5 = d5 .h/2 Z1 = d3 .d1 Z2 = d3 .d2 Z3 = d3 .583.85 x fc' x h x b x Zc) + (As1x fy x Z1) + (As2x fy x Z2) + (As3x fy x Z3) .d3 Z4 = d4 .(As5x fy x Z5) (0.

d2 Z4 = d4 .583.d2 Zc = Z1 = Z2 = Z3 = Z4 = Z5 = 75 mm 75 mm 0 mm 75 mm 150 mm 225 mm Z4 Z5 d" = .d2 Z1 = d2 .583.(As1x fy x Z1) -(As2x fy x Z2) + (As3x fy x Z3) + (As4x fy x Z4) + (As5x fy x Z5) (0.85 x fc' x h x b) + (As1+ As2 + As3 + As4 + As5) x fy -411493793.d2 Z3 = d3 .85 x fc' x h x b x Zc) .00) mm dari As2 ATAU d" = (0.(0.(As3x fy x Z3) .(As4x fy x Z4) .486.(As5x fy x Z5) (0.92 (75.d1 Z2 = d2 .92 75.d2 Z5 = d5 .85 x fc' x h x b) + (As1+ As2 + As3 + As4 + As5) x fy 411493793.75 = 5.75 = 5.6 Statis Momen terhadap As2 : h = 400 d1 = 50 mm d2 = 125 mm d3 = 200 mm d4 = 275 mm d5 = 350 mm b = 400 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 Cc Cs5 Cs4 Cs3 Cs2 Z3 Cs1 Z1 Zc = h/2 .00 mm dari As2 .486.85 x fc' x h x b x Zc) + (As1x fy x Z1) + (As2x fy x Z2) .

7 Statis Momen terhadap As1 : h = 400 b = 400 d1 = 50 mm d2 = 125 mm d3 = 200 mm d4 = 275 mm d5 = 350 mm d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 Cc Cs5 Cs4 Cs3 Cs2 Cs1 Z2 Zc = h/2 .(As5x fy x Z5) (0.d1 Zc = Z1 = Z2 = Z3 = Z4 = Z5 = 150 mm 0 mm 75 mm 150 mm 225 mm 300 mm Z3 Z4 Z5 d" = .85 x fc' x h x b) + (As1+ As2 + As3 + As4 + As5) x fy 822987587.486.(As4x fy x Z4) .(As1x fy x Z1) + (As2x fy x Z2) + (As3x fy x Z3) + (As4x fy x Z4) + (As5x fy x Z5) (0.d1 Z3 = d3 .00) mm dari As2 ATAU d" = (0.d1 Z5 = d5 .51 = 5.92 (150.(As3x fy x Z3) .583.85 x fc' x h x b x Zc) .85 x fc' x h x b) + (As1+ As2 + As3 + As4 + As5) x fy -822987587.92 150.d1 Z2 = d2 .d1 Z1 = d1 .583.(As2x fy x Z2) .d1 Z4 = d4 .00 mm dari As2 .(0.486.51 = 5.85 x fc' x h x b x Zc) + (As1x fy x Z1) .

εc = 0. d" Statis Momen ke tepi atas penampang Ac1 = 0.hf Zc2 = hf + 1/2 ( h.hf = Mutu beton .hf) x bw As1 = As2 = As3 = As4 = As5 = As6 = As7 = 6 As 6 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 2 As = = = = = = = = = 2.85 x fc x (h .003 Regangan baja .27 760.27 760.000 MPa Regangan beton . Ey Ey = 200. εy = fy / Es εy = 0.000 N 2.280.280.600 50 100 50 100 100 100 100 50 50 150 100 250 50 350 450 550 650 50 50 100 200 Diketahui : bw = bf = h = hf = h .hf ) Zc1 = Zc2 = 100 mm 450 mm 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 650 mm Z1 Z2 Z3 Z4 Z5 Z6 Z7 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 650 mm Z1 = d1 Z2 = d2 Z3 = d3 Z4 = d4 Z5 = d5 Z6 = d6 Z7 = d7 = = = = = = = . fy = = 25 MPa 25 N/mm2 400 MPa 400 N/mm2 Modulus Elastisitas Beton Ec = 4700 ( fc' ) Ec = 23500 N/mm2 Modulud Elastisitas Baja.125.80 2.27 760.85 x fc x hf x bf Ac2 = 0.550. fc ' = = 200 mm 600 mm 700 mm 200 mm 500 mm Mutu baja .13 mm2 Tulangan = 22 D 22 Centroid plastis.80 760.0020 D = 22 As = 380.000 N mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7 = = = = = = = Zc1 = 1/2.27 760.27 2.

581.86 = 259.077.27 8.d " = (Ac1 x Zc1 + Ac2 x Zc2) + (As1 x fy x Z1 + As2 x fy x Z2 + As3 x fy x Z3 + As4 x fy x Z4 + As5 x fy x Z5 + As6 x fy x Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) (Ac1 + Ac2) + (As1 + As2 + As3 + As4 + As5 + As6 + As7) x fy d" = 2.952.167.020.091 mm dari tepi atas penampang kolom T .

164.000 N mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7 = = = = = = = Zc1 = 1/2.80 760.27 760. d" Statis Momen ke tepi bawah penampang Ac1 = 0.27 760.hf) Zc2 = 1/2 ( h.919.85 x fc x (h .280.86 = 440.hf ) Zc1 = Zc2 = 600 mm 250 mm 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 650 mm Z1 Z2 Z3 Z4 Z5 Z6 Z7 650 mm 550 mm 450 mm 350 mm 250 mm 150 mm 50 mm Z1 = d7 Z2 = d6 Z3 = d5 Z4 = d4 Z5 = d3 Z6 = d2 Z7 = d1 = = = = = = = d " = (Ac1 x Zc1 + Ac2 x Zc2) + (As1 x fy x Z1 + As2 x fy x Z2 + As3 x fy x Z3 + As4 x fy x Z4 + As5 x fy x Z5 + As6 x fy x Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) (Ac1 + Ac2) + (As1 + As2 + As3 + As4 + As5 + As6 + As7) x fy d" = 3. fc ' = = 25 MPa 25 N/mm2 Mutu baja .hf + (h . fy = = 400 MPa 400 N/mm2 .000 N 2.091 = 440.020.909 mm dari tepi bawah penampang kolom T Pembuktian h .550.80 2.536.280.hf) x bw As1 = As2 = As3 = As4 = As5 = As6 = As7 = 6 As 6 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 2 As = = = = = = = = = 2.125.Centroid plastis.27 760.OK bangeets…! 0 OK bangeets…! 550 450 350 250 150 50 50 259 50 150 100 250 50 350 450 550 650 50 100 200 50 Diketahui : bw = bf = h = 200 mm 600 mm 700 mm Mutu beton .167.27 2.85 x fc x hf x bf Ac2 = 0.27 760.01 8.909 mm dari tepi bawah penampang kolom T d" + d" = 259 + 441 700 = .d" = 700 - 259.

000 MPa Regangan beton .hf = 200 mm 500 mm Modulus Elastisitas Beton Ec = 4700 ( fc' ) Ec = 23500 N/mm2 Modulud Elastisitas Baja.hf = h . εc = 0.0020 .003 Regangan baja . Ey Ey = 200. εy = fy / Es εy = 0.

050.hf) x bw As1 = As2 = As3 = As4 = As5 = As6 = As7 = = = 2 As = 760.27 2 As = 760.27 0 As = 22 batang Dia.93 7 As = 2.22 2.550.85 x fc x hf x bf Ac2 = 0.660.357.000 N 2.167.86 = 300 mm dari tepi kiri penampang kolom T .125.D = 22 As = 380.13 mm2 Tulangan = 22 D 22 Centroid plastis.93 2 As = 760.406.26 8.bf d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7 = = = = = = = 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 0 mm Z1 = d1 Z2 = d2 Z3 = d3 Z4 = d4 Z5 = d5 Z6 = d6 Z7 = d7 Zc1 = Zc2 = 300 mm 300 mm Z1 Z2 Z3 Z4 Z5 Z6 Z7 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 0 mm = = = = = = = d " = (Ac1 x Zc1 + Ac2 x Zc2) + (As1 x fy x Z1 + As2 x fy x Z2 + As3 x fy x Z3 + As4 x fy x Z4 + As5 x fy x Z5 + As6 x fy x Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) (Ac1 + Ac2) + (As1 + As2 + As3 + As4 + As5 + As6 + As7) x fy d" = 2.000 N mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 Zc1 = 1/2.bf Zc2 = 1/2.85 x fc x (h .660.020.27 2 As = 760.27 7 As = 2. d" Statis Momen ke tepi kiri penampang Ac1 = 0.

125. fc ' = = 200 mm 600 mm 700 mm 200 mm 500 mm Mutu baja .27 2 As = 760.80 2 As = 760.85 x fc x hf x bf Ac2 = 0.hf) x bw As1 = As2 = As3 = As4 = As5 = As6 = As7 = = = 6 As = 2.hf Zc2 = hf + 1/2 ( h. d" Statis Momen ke tepi atas penampang Ac1 = 0. εy = fy / Es εy = 0.280.13 mm2 Tulangan = 22 D 22 Centroid plastis.550.000 N mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7 = = = = = = = Zc1 = 1/2.27 2 As = 760.000 N 2. Ey Ey = 200.80 6 As = 2.600 50 100 50 100 100 100 100 50 50 150 100 250 50 350 450 550 650 50 50 100 200 Diketahui : bw = bf = h = hf = h .hf ) Zc1 = Zc2 = 100 mm 450 mm 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 650 mm Z1 Z2 Z3 Z4 Z5 Z6 Z7 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 650 mm Z1 = d1 Z2 = d2 Z3 = d3 Z4 = d4 Z5 = d5 Z6 = d6 Z7 = d7 = = = = = = = . εc = 0.000 MPa Regangan beton .0020 D = 22 As = 380. fy = = 25 MPa 25 N/mm2 400 MPa 400 N/mm2 Modulus Elastisitas Beton Ec = 4700 ( fc' ) Ec = 23500 N/mm2 Modulud Elastisitas Baja.22 2.hf = Mutu beton .27 2 As = 760.27 2 As = 760.85 x fc x (h .27 22 batang Dia.003 Regangan baja .280.

01 8. d" Statis Momen ke tepi bawah penampang Ac1 = 0.000 N 2.hf + (h .919.000 N mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7 = = = = = = = Zc1 = 1/2.167.164.86 = 440.091 mm dari tepi atas penampang kolom T Centroid plastis.86 = 259.27 8.27 760.80 2.091 = 440.27 760.581.80 760.909 mm dari tepi bawah penampang kolom T Pembuktian h .OK bangeets…! .280.550.125.952.077.909 mm dari tepi bawah penampang kolom T d" + d" = 259 + 441 700 = 0 OK bangeets…! .d" = 700 - 259.020.hf ) Zc1 = Zc2 = 600 mm 250 mm 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 650 mm Z1 Z2 Z3 Z4 Z5 Z6 Z7 650 mm 550 mm 450 mm 350 mm 250 mm 150 mm 50 mm Z1 = d7 Z2 = d6 Z3 = d5 Z4 = d4 Z5 = d3 Z6 = d2 Z7 = d1 = = = = = = = d " = (Ac1 x Zc1 + Ac2 x Zc2) + (As1 x fy x Z1 + As2 x fy x Z2 + As3 x fy x Z3 + As4 x fy x Z4 + As5 x fy x Z5 + As6 x fy x Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) (Ac1 + Ac2) + (As1 + As2 + As3 + As4 + As5 + As6 + As7) x fy d" = 3.27 760.167.d " = (Ac1 x Zc1 + Ac2 x Zc2) + (As1 x fy x Z1 + As2 x fy x Z2 + As3 x fy x Z3 + As4 x fy x Z4 + As5 x fy x Z5 + As6 x fy x Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) (Ac1 + Ac2) + (As1 + As2 + As3 + As4 + As5 + As6 + As7) x fy d" = 2.85 x fc x (h .27 2.85 x fc x hf x bf Ac2 = 0.27 760.536.020.hf) Zc2 = 1/2 ( h.hf) x bw As1 = As2 = As3 = As4 = As5 = As6 = As7 = 6 As 6 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 2 As = = = = = = = = = 2.280.

.

Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) .

fc ' = = 200 mm 600 mm 700 mm 200 mm 500 mm Mutu baja .600 50 100 50 100 100 100 100 50 50 150 100 250 50 350 450 550 650 50 100 200 50 Diketahui : bw = bf = h = hf = h .000 N 2.000 N mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7 = = = = = = = Zc1 = 1/2.13 mm2 Tulangan = 22 D 22 Centroid plastis.hf) x bw As1 = As2 = As3 = As4 = As5 = As6 = As7 = 6 As 6 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 22 = = = = = = = = = 2.hf ) Zc1 = Zc2 = 100 mm 450 mm 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 650 mm Z1 Z2 Z3 Z4 Z5 Z6 Z7 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 650 mm By : SONDRA RAHARJA.280.125.85 x fc x hf x bf Ac2 = 0. εy = fy / Es εy = D = 400 MPa 400 N/mm2 0.27 760.27 760.003 Regangan baja . Ey Ey = 200.27 760.280.hf = Mutu beton .550.0020 22 As = 380.hf Zc2 = hf + 1/2 ( h.85 x fc x (h . d" Statis Momen ke tepi atas penampang Ac1 = 0.000 MPa Regangan beton .80 2. ST Z1 = d1 Z2 = d2 Z3 = d3 Z4 = d4 Z5 = d5 Z6 = d6 Z7 = d7 = = = = = = = Halaman 45 . fy = = 25 MPa 25 N/mm2 Modulus Elastisitas Beton Ec = 4700 ( fc' ) Ec = 23500 N/mm2 Modulud Elastisitas Baja.80 760.27 2.27 760. εc = 0.

ST Halaman 46 .d " = (Ac1 x Zc1 + Ac2 x Zc2) + (As1 x fy x Z1 + As2 x fy x Z2 + As3 x fy x Z3 + As4 x fy x Z4 + As5 x fy x Z5 + As6 x fy x Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) (Ac1 + Ac2) + (As1 + As2 + As3 + As4 + As5 + As6 + As7) x fy d" = 2.091 mm dari tepi atas penampang kolom T By : SONDRA RAHARJA.077.27 = 259.581.952.

167. ST Halaman 47 .86 By : SONDRA RAHARJA.020.8.

d" Statis Momen ke tepi bawah penampang Ac1 = 0.hf) x bw As1 = As2 = As3 = As4 = As5 = As6 = As7 = 6 As 6 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 2 As = = = = = = = = = 2.280.280.550.85 x fc x hf x bf Ac2 = 0.80 760.020.164.167.125.919.909 mm dari tepi bawah penampang kolom T d" + d" = 259 + 441 700 = .9090909091 600 50 100 50 100 100 100 50 100 50 150 100 250 50 350 450 550 650 50 100 200 50 By : SONDRA RAHARJA.hf + (h .000 N 2.27 760.d" = 700 - 259.80 2.27 760.909 mm dari tepi bawah penampang kolom T Pembuktian h .27 760.0909090909 440.85 x fc x (h .hf ) Zc1 = Zc2 = 600 mm 250 mm 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 650 mm Z1 Z2 Z3 Z4 Z5 Z6 Z7 650 mm 550 mm 450 mm 350 mm 250 mm 150 mm 50 mm Z1 = d7 Z2 = d6 Z3 = d5 Z4 = d4 Z5 = d3 Z6 = d2 Z7 = d1 = = = = = = = d " = (Ac1 x Zc1 + Ac2 x Zc2) + (As1 x fy x Z1 + As2 x fy x Z2 + As3 x fy x Z3 + As4 x fy x Z4 + As5 x fy x Z5 + As6 x fy x Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) (Ac1 + Ac2) + (As1 + As2 + As3 + As4 + As5 + As6 + As7) x fy d" = 3.Centroid plastis.27 2. ST Halaman 48 .000 N mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7 = = = = = = = Zc1 = 1/2.OK bangeets…! 0 OK bangeets…! 259.86 = 440.hf) Zc2 = 1/2 ( h.536.01 8.27 760.091 = 440.

By : SONDRA RAHARJA. ST Halaman 49 .

By : SONDRA RAHARJA.Diketahui : Mutu beton . Mutu baja . ST Halaman 50 .

176. εc = 0.000 N mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7 = = = = = = = Zc1 = 1/2.40 2.280.27 760.hf = fc ' = = 200 mm 500 mm 25 MPa 25 N/mm2 fy = = 400 MPa 400 N/mm2 Modulus Elastisitas Beton Ec = 4700 ( fc' ) Ec = 23500 N/mm2 Modulud Elastisitas Baja.000 MPa Regangan beton .27 760.85 x fc x hf x bf Ac2 = 0.636 mm dari tepi bawah penampang kolom T By : SONDRA RAHARJA.125.27 760.85 x fc x hf x bf Ac2 = 0.140.364 mm dari tepi atas penampang kolom T Centroid plastis.550.27 1.125.bw = bf = 200 mm 600 mm h 700 mm = hf = h .000 N mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7 = = = = = = = Zc1 = 1/2.27 1.280.27 760.hf ) Zc1 = Zc2 = 100 mm 450 mm 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 650 mm Z1 Z2 Z3 Z4 Z5 Z6 Z7 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 650 mm Z1 = d1 Z2 = d2 Z3 = d3 Z4 = d4 Z5 = d5 Z6 = d6 Z7 = d7 = = = = = = = d " = (Ac1 x Zc1 + Ac2 x Zc2) + (As1 x fy x Z1 + As2 x fy x Z2 + As3 x fy x Z3 + As4 x fy x Z4 + As5 x fy x Z5 + As6 x fy x Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) (Ac1 + Ac2) + (As1 + As2 + As3 + As4 + As5 + As6 + As7) x fy d" = 2.787.000 N 2.hf) x bw As1 = As2 = As3 = As4 = As5 = As6 = As7 = 6 As 6 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 3 As = = = = = = = = = 2.94 = 266.543.85 x fc x (h . εy = fy / Es εy = 0.85 x fc x (h .hf + (h .003 Regangan baja .767.80 760.40 2.23 = 433.220.hf ) Zc1 = Zc2 = 600 mm 250 mm 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 650 mm Z1 Z2 Z3 Z4 Z5 Z6 Z7 650 mm 550 mm 450 mm 350 mm 250 mm 150 mm 50 mm Z1 = d7 Z2 = d6 Z3 = d5 Z4 = d4 Z5 = d3 Z6 = d2 Z7 = d1 = = = = = = = d " = (Ac1 x Zc1 + Ac2 x Zc2) + (As1 x fy x Z1 + As2 x fy x Z2 + As3 x fy x Z3 + As4 x fy x Z4 + As5 x fy x Z5 + As6 x fy x Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) (Ac1 + Ac2) + (As1 + As2 + As3 + As4 + As5 + As6 + As7) x fy d" = 3.80 760. ST Halaman 51 .573.172.27 760.hf) Zc2 = 1/2 ( h.280. d" Statis Momen ke tepi atas penampang Ac1 = 0. Ey Ey = 200.000 N 2. d" Statis Momen ke tepi bawah penampang Ac1 = 0.13 mm2 Tulangan = 22 D 22 Centroid plastis.280.80 2.140.0020 D = 22 As = 380.15 8.hf) x bw As1 = As2 = As3 = As4 = As5 = As6 = As7 = 6 As 6 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 3 As = = = = = = = = = 2.086.27 760.80 2.hf Zc2 = hf + 1/2 ( h.550.

172.220.94 Pembuktian h . ST Halaman 52 .d" = 700 - 266.636 mm dari tepi bawah penampang kolom T d" + d" = 266 + 434 700 = .364 = 433.8.OK bangeets…! 0 OK bangeets…! By : SONDRA RAHARJA.

ST Halaman 53 .By : SONDRA RAHARJA.

46 2.27 760.hf ) Zc1 = Zc2 = 100 mm 450 mm 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 650 mm Z1 Z2 Z3 Z4 Z5 Z6 Z7 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 650 mm By : SONDRA RAHARJA.27 1.000 MPa Regangan beton .40 2.0020 D = 22 As = 380.003 Regangan baja .80 760.27 760. d" Statis Momen ke tepi atas penampang Ac1 = 0.hf = Mutu beton .hf Zc2 = hf + 1/2 ( h.27 760. εc = 0.hf) x bw As1 = As2 = As3 = As4 = As5 = As6 = As7 = 11 As 6 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 3 As = = = = = = = = = 4.600 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 150 100 250 50 350 450 550 650 50 100 200 50 Diketahui : bw = bf = h = hf = h . Ey Ey = 200. fc ' = = 200 mm 600 mm 700 mm 200 mm 500 mm Mutu baja .000 N mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7 = = = = = = = Zc1 = 1/2.85 x fc x (h . εy = fy / Es εy = 0.125.181. fy = = 25 MPa 25 N/mm2 400 MPa 400 N/mm2 Modulus Elastisitas Beton Ec = 4700 ( fc' ) Ec = 23500 N/mm2 Modulud Elastisitas Baja.85 x fc x hf x bf Ac2 = 0. ST Z1 = d1 Z2 = d2 Z3 = d3 Z4 = d4 Z5 = d5 Z6 = d6 Z7 = d7 = = = = = = = Halaman 54 .550.140.13 mm2 Tulangan = 22 D 22 Centroid plastis.000 N 2.280.

36 = 247.486.357.800.932.214.949 mm dari tepi atas penampang kolom T By : SONDRA RAHARJA.d " = (Ac1 x Zc1 + Ac2 x Zc2) + (As1 x fy x Z1 + As2 x fy x Z2 + As3 x fy x Z3 + As4 x fy x Z4 + As5 x fy x Z5 + As6 x fy x Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) (Ac1 + Ac2) + (As1 + As2 + As3 + As4 + As5 + As6 + As7) x fy d" = 2.26 8. ST Halaman 55 .

80 760. d" Statis Momen ke tepi bawah penampang Ac1 = 0.550. ST Halaman 56 .932.000 N 2.hf) x bw As1 = As2 = As3 = As4 = As5 = As6 = As7 = 11 As 6 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 2 As 3 As = = = = = = = = = 4.097.Centroid plastis.051 mm dari tepi bawah penampang kolom T d" + d" = 248 + 452 700 = .27 1.486.hf) Zc2 = 1/2 ( h.27 760.000 N mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7 = = = = = = = Zc1 = 1/2.hf + (h .27 760.36 = 452.140.280.40 2.940.125.46 2.051 mm dari tepi bawah penampang kolom T Pembuktian h .hf ) Zc1 = Zc2 = 600 mm 250 mm 50 mm 150 mm 250 mm 350 mm 450 mm 550 mm 650 mm Z1 Z2 Z3 Z4 Z5 Z6 Z7 650 mm 550 mm 450 mm 350 mm 250 mm 150 mm 50 mm Z1 = d7 Z2 = d6 Z3 = d5 Z4 = d4 Z5 = d3 Z6 = d2 Z7 = d1 = = = = = = = d " = (Ac1 x Zc1 + Ac2 x Zc2) + (As1 x fy x Z1 + As2 x fy x Z2 + As3 x fy x Z3 + As4 x fy x Z4 + As5 x fy x Z5 + As6 x fy x Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) (Ac1 + Ac2) + (As1 + As2 + As3 + As4 + As5 + As6 + As7) x fy d" = 4.64 8.27 760.037.d" = 700 - 247.85 x fc x (h .85 x fc x hf x bf Ac2 = 0.OK bangeets…! 0 OK bangeets…! By : SONDRA RAHARJA.949 = 452.181.

ST Halaman 57 .By : SONDRA RAHARJA.

ST Halaman 58 .Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) By : SONDRA RAHARJA.

By : SONDRA RAHARJA. ST Halaman 59 .

Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) By : SONDRA RAHARJA. ST Halaman 60 .

By : SONDRA RAHARJA. ST Halaman 61 .

ST Halaman 62 .By : SONDRA RAHARJA.

ST Halaman 63 .Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) By : SONDRA RAHARJA.

By : SONDRA RAHARJA. ST Halaman 64 .

By : SONDRA RAHARJA. ST Halaman 65 .

ST Halaman 66 .By : SONDRA RAHARJA.

Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) By : SONDRA RAHARJA. ST Halaman 67 .

ST Halaman 68 .Z6 + As7 x fy x Z7) By : SONDRA RAHARJA.

02124 4. fy = = 200 Kg/cm2 200 Kg/cm2 Modulus Elastisitas Beton Ec = 4700 ( fc' ) Ec = 16 201.cm kg. ST Zc1 = Zc2 = 3 cm 9 cm 15 cm 26 cm 37 cm Z1 Z2 Z3 Z4 Z5 = = = = = 6 26 3 cm 9 cm 15 cm 26 cm 37 cm Halaman 69 . A I A I + A II xa = 14. Es Ey = 2.120 A.85 x fc x 28 x 12 As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 = = = = = 5 As 5 As 2 As 2 As 2 As = = = = = = = 81600 57120 138720 10.A I + x2.000 Kg/cm2 210190.02124 cm2 cm2 cm2 cm2 cm2 kg.23529412 370 xb = (12 + 28) .02124 4.0019 Centroid plastis.38988 Regangan beton .76470588 Mutu beton . d" Statis Momen ke tepi kiri penampang Ac1 = 0.100.003 εy = 0.cm kg. fc ' = = Mutu baja .xa xb = 25.05310 10.cm Zc1 = 1/2 x 12 Zc2 = 12 + 28/2 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 = = = = = d" = (Ac1 x Zc1 + Ac2 x Zc2) + fy x ( As1 x Z1 + As2 x Z2 + As3 x Z3 + As4 x Z4 + As5 x Z5) (Ac1 + Ac2) + fy x (As1 + As2 + As3 + As4 + As5) By : SONDRA RAHARJA. εy = fy / Es 0. εc = D = As = 4000 Kg/cm2 4000 Kg/cm2 N/mm2 Regangan baja .05310 4.0106 cm2 Modulus Elastisitas Baja.II = 28 x 12 = 280 Koordinat : x1 = 12/2 400 x1 = x2 =12 + 28/2 120 Titik berat penampang 30 xa = 90 150 260 x1.06 mm2 2.85 x fc x 12 x 40 Ac2 = 0.I = 12 x 40 = A.

07 267.711.399. ST Halaman 70 .d" = 3.895.64 = 13.88145153 cm diukur dari tepi kiri penampang By : SONDRA RAHARJA.

d" Statis Momen ke Tulangan 1 (As1) By : SONDRA RAHARJA.Centroid plastis. ST Halaman 71 .

0106 cm2 Halaman 72 .909.05310 10.02124 4.cm kg.8814515303 3 CARA ANDRE NOVAN.02124 kg.xa xb = 25.02124 4.399.II = 28 x 12 = Ab = 280 Koordinat : x1 = 12/2 400 x1 = x2 =12 + 28/2 120 Titik berat penampang 30 xa = 90 150 260 x1.76470588 d' = Mutu beton .696. fc ' = = 200 Kg/cm2 200 Kg/cm2 Mutu baja .Ac1 = 0.23529412 370 xb = (12 + 28) .8814515303 10.85 x fc x 12 x 40 Ac2 = 0.16846 267.85 x fc x 28 x 12 As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 = = = = = = = 5 As 5 As 2 As 2 As 2 As = = = = = 81600 57120 10.cm Zc1 = 1/2 x 12 . 120 A.3 Zc2 = 12 + 28/2 -3 cm2 cm2 cm2 cm2 cm2 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 = = = = = 0 cm 6 cm 12 cm 23 cm 34 cm Zc1 = Zc2 = 3 cm 23 cm Z1 Z2 Z3 Z4 Z5 0 cm 6 cm 12 cm 23 cm 34 cm = = = = = d" = (Ac1 x Zc1 + Ac2 x Zc2) + fy x ( As1 x Z1 + As2 x Z2 + As3 x Z3 + As4 x Z4 + As5 x Z5) (Ac1 + Ac2) + (As1 + As2 + As3 + As4 + As5) d" = 2.05310 4.88145153 cm diukur dari Tulangan 1 (As1) 13.I = 12 x 40 = A.A I + x2. ST D = As = 3 16 201. MT. ST.64 = 10. A I A I + A II xa = 14. fy = = 4000 Kg/cm2 4000 Kg/cm2 By : SONDRA RAHARJA.06 mm2 2.

Es By : SONDRA RAHARJA.Modulus Elastisitas Beton Modulus Elastisitas Baja. ST Halaman 73 .

38988 Ey = 2.Ec = 4700 ( fc' ) Ec = 210190.100.000 Kg/cm2 N/mm2 By : SONDRA RAHARJA. ST Halaman 74 .

003 εy = 0. ST Halaman 75 . εc = Regangan baja . d" Statis Momen ke tepi kiri penampang Ac1 = 0.85 x fc x 28 x 12 = = 81600 57120 138720 kg.85.Ab.1684559 267399.635091038 = 10.Z4 + As5.02124 cm2 4.Regangan beton .05310 cm2 10.05310 cm2 d1 = d2 = 3 cm 9 cm Z1 = Z2 = 0 cm 6 cm As3 = As4 = As5 = 2 As 2 As 2 As = = = 4.Ab) + (As1 + As2 + As3 + As4 + As5) x fy ds = 2909696.85.02124 cm2 4.fc'.85 x fc x 12 x 40 Ac2 = 0.Z5) (0.fc'. εy = fy / Es 0.fc'.02124 cm2 d3 = d4 = d5 = 15 cm 26 cm 37 cm Z3 = Z4 = Z5 = 12 cm 23 cm 34 cm Sb = 0.(xa .Z1 + As2.d') Sb = 1558560 kg.85.8814515303 mm dari Tulangan 2 (As2) By : SONDRA RAHARJA.cm Zc1 = 1/2 x 12 Zc2 = 12 + 28/2 Zc1 = Zc2 = 6 26 As1 = As2 = 5 As 5 As = = 10.Z3 + As4.0019 Titik Centroid plastis penampang.d') + (As1.Z2 + As3.cm kg.cm ds = 0. (xa .cm kg.Ab.

By : SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Halaman 76

By : SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Halaman 77

480
336
816

cm2
cm2
cm2

6 cm
x2 = 26 cm

berat penampang total
x1.A I + x2. A II
A I + A II
cm

cm

cm
cm

By : SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Halaman 78

ST Halaman 79 .By : SONDRA RAHARJA.

By : SONDRA RAHARJA. ST Halaman 80 .

480 336 816 cm2 cm2 cm2 6 cm x2 = 26 cm berat penampang total x1.A I + x2. ST Halaman 81 . A II A I + A II cm cm By : SONDRA RAHARJA.

By : SONDRA RAHARJA. ST Halaman 82 .

By : SONDRA RAHARJA. ST Halaman 83 .

cm cm By : SONDRA RAHARJA. ST Halaman 84 .

ST Halaman 85 .By : SONDRA RAHARJA.

By : SONDRA RAHARJA. ST Halaman 86 .

TUGAS 2 BETON PRESTRESS Suatu jembatan beton prategang dengan penampang sebagai berikut : Kondisi transfer 100 0 400 Dengan data sebagai berikut : Panjang jembatan = 30 m Initial prestress = 2000 kN Beban hidup = 12 kN/m Eksentrisitas cgs .Kehilangan jangka pendek = 10% .cgc (e) diketahui setelah masing-masing ttik berat cgc dan cgs diketahui catatan : cgc = center gravity of concrete (titik berat penampang beton) cgs = center gravity of steel (titik berat penampang baja/besi) Hitung tegangan : .Kondisi service Jawaban 1.Kehilangan jangka panjang = 5% Mutu beton : fcu fci = = Hitung tegangan-tegangan yang terjadi . KONDISI TRANSFER Luas penampang balok 50 N/mm2 30 N/mm2 .Kondisi transfer .

h3 = 400 mm 0 mm karena berhimpitan dg garis netral penampang 400 mm I1 = 1/12.h2 + h3 y3 = 1/2.1/2. d1 = ya .1/2.di2) dimana .h13) + A1.h3 = 80000 mm2 A = A1 + A2 + A3 = 250000 mm2 A= ### mm2 y1 = 900 150 Menghitung jarak titik berat (centroid) dari tepi bawah (bottom) = yb y2 = 500 yb = Ai.H1 = d3 = yb .(b2.yi/A y1 = H1 .h2 = 90000 mm2 A3 = b3.b1 = h1 = b2 = h2 = b3 = h3 = 400 mm 200 mm 150 mm 600 mm 400 mm 200 mm H1 = 1000 mm A1 = b1.yb ya = .1/2.1/2.d22 = 1/12 x 150 x 600 ^3 + 90000 x 0 ^2 .d12 = 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 400 ^2 I2 = 1/12.h1 y2 = 1/2.h1 = 80000 mm2 A2 = b2.(b1.50E+05 yb = 500 mm dari tepi bawah (bottom) ya = H1 .h23) + A2.h3 = = = 900 mm 500 mm 100 mm y3 = 100 yb = 80000 x 900 + 90000 x 500 + 80000 x 100 2.h1 = d2 = ya . dimana H1 = 400 1000 mm 500 mm dari tepi atas (top) Menghitung Inertia I = (Ii + Ai.

h4 = 1000 x 200 = 80000 mm2 90000 mm2 80000 mm2 200000 mm2 A = A1 + A2 + A3 + A4 = 450000 mm2 A= ### mm2 Menghitung jarak titik berat (centroid) dari tepi bawah (bottom) = yb y4 = 1100 y1 = 900 150 .h2 = 150 x 600 = A3 = b3.(b3.h1 = 400 x 200 = A2 = b2.h3 = 400 x 200 = A4 = b4.I3 = 1/12.h33) + A3.d32 = 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 400 ^2 I1 = ### mm4 I2 = ### mm4 I3 = = ### mm4 ### mm4 Inertia total 2 Momen lawan (section modulus / modulus penampang) z1 = I / ya ---> pada bagian atas z2 = I / yb ---> pada bagian bawah y1 = 900 z1 = ### 500 = ### mm3 z2 = ### 500 = ### mm3 150 y2 = 500 2 y3 = 100 400 Jarak kern (kern distance) kt = z2 / A = ### mm kb = z1 / A = ### mm 2. KONDISI SERVICE Luas penampang balok b1 = h1 = b2 = h2 = 400 mm 200 mm 150 mm 600 mm b3 = h3 = b4 = h4 = 400 mm 200 mm 1000 mm 200 mm H2 = 1200 mm 1000 A1 = b1.

(b1.50E+05 yb = ### mm dari tepi bawah (bottom) ya = H2 .67 = ### mm d2 = yb -y2 = 766.h23) + A2.1/2.h43) + A4.yb = 900 . dimana H2 = 1200 mm ### mm dari tepi atas (top) Menghitung Inertia I = (Ii + Ai.y3 = 766. d1 = y1 .yb = 1100 .766.(b4.1/2.di2) dimana .d22 = 1/12 x 150 x 600 ^3 + 90000 x 266.500 = ### mm d3 = yb .67 .333333333333 ^2 I2 = 1/12.y4 = 1100 yb = Ai.666666666667 ^2 I3 = 1/12.67 .(b2.yi/A y1 = 900 y1 = H1 .h3 y4 = H2 .333333333333 ^2 I1 = ### mm4 I2 = ### mm4 I3 = ### mm4 I4 = ### mm4 = ### mm4 Inertia total 400 .67 = ### mm I1 = 1/12.d32 = 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 666.h2 + h3 y3 = 1/2.h13) + A1.d12 = 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 133.766.yb ya = = = = = 150 .100 = ### mm d4 = y4 .h33) + A3.d42 = 1/12 x 1000 x 200 ^3 + 200000 x 333.h1 y2 = 1/2.h4 yb = 900 mm 500 mm 100 mm 1100 mm y2 = 500 y3 = 100 80000 x 900 + 90000 x 500 + 80000 x 100 + 200000 x 1100 4.(b3.666666666667 ^2 I4 = 1/12.

BJ Beton con = 24 kN/m3 Beban hidup.8 x 30 ^2 8 Ms = 2565 kN.8 kN/m Momen maksimum yang terjadi di tengah bentang (moment at midspan) : M = wL2 / 8 Momen pada kondisi transfer (moment at transfer) : Mi = 6 x 30 ^2 8 Mi = 675 kN.m Momen pada kondisi servis (moment at service) : Ms = 22.Momen lawan (section modulus / modulus penampang) z1 = I / ya ---> pada bagian atas z2 = I / yb ---> pada bagian bawah z1 = ### ### = ### mm3 z2 = ### ### = ### mm3 Menghitung Beban Berat sendiri. WDL = 4.8 kN/m --> luas penampang plat x 1 m x BJ Beto1000 x 200 x 1000 mm Total service load = Berat sendiri balok + beban hidup + Berat plat di atas balok = 22.m Tegangan yang Terjadi Kehilangan tegang jangka pendek Kehilangan tegang jangka panjan 10% 5% . WLL = 12 kN/m Beban plat. Wsw = A x con = 6 kN/m1 dimana.

Mi / z2 f2t = (1800 x 10^3 / 250000) +(1800 x 10^3 x 400 /57666666.85 dimana.h3 ### mm2 z1 = ### mm3 e = 766.e/z2 .49 11. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer) Dari perhitungan besaran penampang dapat diketahui : A= e = yb .71 = 6.49 + 11.6666667) .85 x 2000 = = 1800 kN 1700 kN 1.20 + 12.6666667) + 675 / 57666666.49 N/mm2 200 ya = 500 d1 = 400 Pi cgc = centre gravity of concrete 1000 y1 = 900 150 e = 400 d3 = 400 y2 = 500 yb = 500 200 Pi cgs = centre gravity of steel y3 = 100 +7.e/z1 + Mi / z1 f1t = (1800 x 10^3 / 250000) -(1800 x 10^3 x 400 /57666666.jadi  = dan  = 0.66666 = 7.9 x 2000 0. Pada kondisi servis (at service) Dari perhitungan besaran penampang dapat diketahui : A= e = yb . Pi = Pi = Pi = 2000 kN 0.66666 = 7.71 = 7.Pi.h3 ### mm2 0 mm z1 = ### mm3 e = 500 .90 0.666666666667 .675 / 57666666.20 12.49 N/mm2 2.1/2 x 200 +11.20 N/mm2 -12.20 N/mm2 400 +12.42 N/mm2 f2t = Pi / A + Pi.1/2 x 200 z2 = ### mm3 e= 400 mm f1t = Pi / A .98 N/mm2 +7.71 N/mm2 .

29 = -12.5 x 30 = 15.e/z1 + Ms / z1 f1s = (1700 x 10^3 / 450000) -(1700 x 10^3 x 666.78 7.Pi. Pada kondisi servis (at service) Pi cgs = centre gravity of steel +3.78 N/mm2 + 12.36 x 30 ^ 1/2 = -1.33 cgc = centre gravity of concrete Pi d2 = 266.666666666667 /90652173.97 N/mm2 fct = 0.99 = 12.z2 = e = 666.07 N/mm2 + 15.99 N/mm2 200 ya = 433.666666666667 /160384615.36(fci)1/2 N/mm2 (Class 2.33 d4 = 333.5.50 28.67 yb = 766.78 N/mm2 .07 + 15.fci N/mm2 (flexural members) = 0.67 y2 =500 200 y3 = 100 400 Tegangan yang diizinkan (stress limits) 1.33 200 d1 = 133.50 N/mm2 .00 N/mm2 2. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer) ftt = -0.7.9130435) .e/z2 .67 mm ### mm3 f1s = Pi / A .78 + 12.02 N/mm2 1000 +3.Ms / z2 f2s = (1700 x 10^3 / 450000) +(1700 x 10^3 x 666.384615) + 2565 / = 3. post-tensioned) = -0.2565 / = 3.67 y4 = 1100 1000 y1 =900 150 e = 667 d3 = 666.70 N/mm2 f2s = Pi / A + Pi.

70 N/mm2 -2. post-tensioned) = -0.fts = -0.55 N/mm2 f2s = -12. Pada kondisi servis (at service) Tegangan yang terjadi f1s = 12. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer) Tegangan yang terjadi f1t = 6.50 N/mm2 Bandingkan dengan tegangan yang terjad perhitungan sebelum Kesimpulan 1.33 x 50 = 16.00 N/mm2 2.33.98 N/mm2 15.97 N/mm2 f2t = 7.fcu N/mm2 (flexural members) = 0.50 N/mm2 .36(fcu)1/2 N/mm2 (Class 2.36 x 50 ^ 1/2 = -2.02 N/mm2 16.55 N/mm2 fcs = 0.42 N/mm2 -1.

.

Kondisi transfer

200

ya = 500
d1 = 400

1000
150

d3 = 400
yb = 500

200

400

is netral penampang

Kondisi
transfer

200

ya = 500
d1 = 400

1000
150

d3 = 400
yb = 500

200

400

Kondisi
service
1000

200

ya = 433.33
d4 = 333.33
200
d1 = 133.33

d2 =266.67

1000
150

d3 = 666.67
yb = 766.67

d2 =266.67

1000
150

d3 = 666.67
yb = 766.67

0

200
y3 = 100

333333333 ^2

666666667 ^2

666666667 ^2

33333333333 ^2

400

1000 mm 10^-9 1000 x 200 x 1000 mm x10^-9 x 24 kN/m3 .

49 11.07 0.42 N/mm2 Mi e = 400 Pi -11.21 7.78 0.675 / 57666666.24 12.27 skala tegangan = 30 3.71 N/mm2 +7.24 0.24 ( ) + 675 / 57666666.6666667) -12.49 N/mm2 +11.13 7.skala tegangan = 30 7.39 6.71 N/mm2 SKALA 1 : 30 DITENTUKAN TERSERAH ATAU DISESUAIKAN AGAR GAMBARNYA BAGUS DILIHAT 30 +6.71 0.42 0.39 7.42 0.98 N/mm2 SKALA 1 : 30 DITENTUKAN TERSERAH ATAU DISESUAIKAN AGAR GAMBARNYA BAGUS DILIHAT .6666667) 7) .49 0.98 0.71 10^3 skala tegangan = 0.42 ) 11.20 0.20 12.

29 N/mm2 .42 0.53 skala tegangan = 3.50 28.384615) 652173.384615) + 2565 / 160384615.99 N/mm2 + 12.384615.40) SKALA 1 : 30 DITENTUKAN TERSERAH ATAU DISESUAIKAN AGAR GAMBARNYA BAGUS DILIHAT .70 -12.02 N/mm2 15.13 12.9130435) .42 (0.12.99 0.28.2565 / 90652173.78 30 0.70 N/mm2 Ms e = 667 Pi .9130435) + 15.29 0.94 12.02 0.

.

.

.

.

.

SKALA 1 : 30
DITENTUKAN
TERSERAH ATAU
0.24
DISESUAIKAN AGAR
GAMBARNYA
0.4162
BAGUS DILIHAT

0.3902

0.24
0.4162
0.3902
0.214
0.266

SKALA 1 : 30
DITENTUKAN
TERSERAH
ATAU
0.1259
DISESUAIKAN AGAR
GAMBARNYA
0.2355
BAGUS DILIHAT

SKALA 1 : 30
DITENTUKAN
TERSERAH ATAU
DISESUAIKAN AGAR
GAMBARNYA
BAGUS DILIHAT

0.5331

0.1259
0.4167
0.9432
0.4235
0.4005

TUGAS 1 BETON PRESTRESS Suatu jembatan beton prategang dengan penampang sebagai berikut : Kondisi transfer Kondisi service 1000 mm Hitung besaran penampang untuk kondisi transfer dan service berupa : 1. Kehilangan jangka pendek Kehilangan jangka panjang = = 10% 10% Dimana.cgc = = = = 15 m 1100 kN 12 kN/m 325 mm Hitung tegangan di tengah bentang. fcu fci Jawaban = = 50 N/mm2 30 N/mm2 Kondisi transfer . Inertia penampang 4. Modulus penampang (section modulus) atau momen lawan Balok prestress diatas dua tumpuan : Panjang balok Initial gaya prestress Beban hidup Eksentrisitas cgs . Titik berat penampang 3. Luas penampang 2.

13E+05 yb = 375 mm dari tepi bawah (bottom) ya = H1 . d1 = ya .1.h1 = d2 = ya .di2) dimana .h3 yb = y1 = 650 650 mm 375 mm 100 mm y2 = 375 80000 x 650 + 52500 x 375 + 80000 x 100 2.h1 = 80000 mm2 A2 = b2. dimana H1 = 200 y3 =100 400 750 mm 375 mm dari tepi atas (top) Menghitung Inertia I = (Ii + Ai.yb ya = = = = .1/2.yi/A y1 = H1 .h3 = 275 mm 0 mm karena berhimpitan dg garis netral penampang 275 mm .h1 y2 = 1/2.1/2. KONDISI TRANSFER Luas penampang balok b1 = h1 = b2 = h2 = b3 = h3 = 400 mm 200 mm 150 mm 350 mm 400 mm 200 mm H1 = 750 mm A1 = b1.H1 = d3 = yb .1/2.1/2.h3 = 80000 mm2 200 A = A1 + A2 + A3 = 212500 mm2 A= ### mm2 Menghitung jarak titik berat (centroid) dari tepi bawah (bottom) = yb 150 yb = Ai.h2 + h3 y3 = 1/2.h2 = 52500 mm2 A3 = b3.

h33) + A3.I1 = 1/12.(b2.12 x 106 mm3 Jarak kern (kern distance) kt = z2 / A = ### mm kb = z1 / A = ### mm 2.(b3.(b1.d22 = 1/12 x 150 x 350 ^3 + 52500 x 0 ^2 I3 = 1/12.12 x 106 mm3 z2 = ### 375 = ### mm3 = 35.h13) + A1.h3 = 400 x 200 = A4 = b4.d32 = 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 275 ^2 I1 = ### mm4 I2 = ### mm4 I3 = = ### mm4 ### mm4 Inertia total Momen lawan (section modulus / modulus penampang) z1 = I / ya ---> pada bagian atas z2 = I / yb ---> pada bagian bawah z1 = ### 375 = ### mm3 = 35.h23) + A2.d12 = 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 275 ^2 I2 = 1/12. KONDISI SERVICE Luas penampang balok b1 = h1 = b2 = h2 = 400 mm 200 mm 150 mm 350 mm b3 = h3 = b4 = h4 = 400 mm 200 mm 1000 mm 200 mm H2 = 950 mm Kondisi service 1000 A1 = b1.h2 = 150 x 350 = A3 = b3.h1 = 400 x 200 = A2 = b2.h4 = 1000 x 200 = 80000 mm2 52500 mm2 80000 mm2 200000 mm2 A = A1 + A2 + A3 + A4 = 412500 mm2 y4 = 850 .

1/2.h2 + h3 y3 = 1/2.30 = 44.yb = 850 .1/2.70 mm d2 = yb -y2 = 605.yi/A y1 = H1 .yb = 650 .605.di2) dimana .h3 y4 = H2 .100 = ### mm d4 = y4 .30 = ### mm .375 = ### mm d3 = yb .30 y4 = 850 750 150 y1 = 650 y2 = 375 200 y3 = 100 400 I = (Ii + Ai.30 .yb ya = 150 y1 = 650 .13E+05 yb = 400 ### mm dari tepi bawah (bottom) Kondisi service ya = H .605.h4 yb = = = = = 650 mm 375 mm 100 mm 850 mm y2 = 375 y3 = 100 80000 x 650 + 52500 x 375 + 80000 x 100 + 200000 x 850 4. dimana H2 = 950 mm 1000 ### mm dari tepi atas (top) 200 Menghitung Inertia 200 d1 = 44.A= ### mm2 Menghitung jarak titik berat (centroid) dari tepi bawah (bottom) = yb y4 = 850 yb = Ai.30 . d1 = y1 .h1 y2 = 1/2.y3 = 605.70 d2 = 230.

I1 = 1/12.30303030303 ^2 I4 = 1/12.(b3. BJ Beton con = 24 kN/m3 Beban hidup = 12 kN/m Total service load = Berat sendiri balok + Beban hidup = 17.69696969697 ^2 I1 = ### mm4 I2 = ### mm4 I3 = ### mm4 I4 = ### mm4 = ### mm4 Inertia total Momen lawan (section modulus / modulus penampang) z1 = I / ya ---> pada bagian atas z2 = I / yb ---> pada bagian bawah z1 = ### ### = ### mm3 z2 = ### ### = ### mm3 Menghitung Beban Berat sendiri.1 kN/m1 dimana.h33) + A3.d12 = 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 44.(b2.d22 = 1/12 x 150 x 350 ^3 + 52500 x 230.1 x 15 ^2 .(b4. Wsw = A x con = 5.h43) + A4.6969696969697 ^2 I2 = 1/12.h23) + A2.1 kN/m Momen maksimum yang terjadi di tengah bentang (moment at midspan) : M = wL2 / 8 Momen pada kondisi transfer (moment at transfer) : Mi = 5.d32 = 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 505.h13) + A1.(b1.d42 = 1/12 x 1000 x 200 ^3 + 200000 x 244.30303030303 ^2 I3 = 1/12.

08 = 8.m Tegangan yang Terjadi Kehilangan tegang jangka pendek Kehilangan tegang jangka panjan jadi  = dan  = 0.12x106) = 4. Pi = Pi = Pi = 10% 10% 1100 kN 0.(990x103x325/35.13x105) + (990x103x325/35.e/z2 .12x106) + (143.12x106) = 4.9 x 1100 0.8 x 1100 = = 990 kN 880 kN 1.8 Mi = 143. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer) Dari perhitungan besaran penampang dapat diketahui : A= e = yb .75 4.h3 ### mm2 z1 = ### mm3 e = 375.44 kN.Pi.94 kN.66 7.75 + 4.12x106) .1 x 15 ^2 8 Ms = 480.99 N/mm2 f2t = Pi / A + Pi.1/2 x 200 z2 = ### mm3 e= 275 mm f1t = Pi / A .e/z1 + Mi / z1 f1t = (990x103/2.66 N/mm2 200 150 750 Pi cgc = centre gravity of e = 275 Pi .Mi / z2 f2t = (990x103/2.66 + 7.75 N/mm2 +4.80 dimana.13x105) .33 N/mm2 -7.08 = 0.(143.m Momen pada kondisi servis (moment at service) : Ms = 17.90 0.4x106 / 35.4x106 / 35.

13 N/mm2 .126x107) = 2.13 + 4.85 = 1.13 N/mm2 200 200 750 Pi cgc = centre gravity of concrete e = 505 150 Pi cgs = centre gravity of steel 200 +2.076x108) = 2.54 N/mm2 1000 +2.Pi.26 N/mm2 .30 mm f1s = Pi / A .75 N/mm2 400 2.13x105) .26 7.66 N/mm2 +7.(880x103x325/1.4.Pi.9x106 / 1.13 + 7. Pada kondisi servis (at service) Dari perhitungan besaran penampang dapat diketahui : A= e = yb .126x107) .(480.13 4.076x108) + (480.1/2 x 200 z2 = ### mm3 e = 505.47 N/mm2 f2s = Pi / A .150 Pi 750 cgc = centre gravity of e = 275 Pi cgs = centre gravity of steel 200 +4.30303030303.13 N/mm2 400 + 7.e/z2 + Ms / z2 f2s = (880x103/4.e/z1 + Ms / z1 f1s = (880x103/4.13x105) + (880x103x325/6.47 = 2.9x106 / 6.h3 ### mm2 z1 = ### mm3 e = 605.

Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer) Tegangan yang terjadi f1t = 0.26 N/mm2 400 Tegangan yang diizinkan (stress limits) 1.97 N/mm2 f2t = 8.54 N/mm2 16.55 N/mm2 f2s = 1.Pi cgs = centre gravity of steel 200 +2.5.fcu N/mm2 (flexural members) = 0.36(fci)1/2 N/mm2 (Class 2. post-tensioned) = -0.36(fcu)1/2 N/mm2 (Class 2.36 x 30 ^ 1/2 = -1. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer) ftt = -0.33 x 50 = 16.5 x 30 = 15.fci N/mm2 (flexural members) = 0.50 N/mm2 . Pada kondisi servis (at service) fts = -0.99 N/mm2 -1.00 N/mm2 2.36 x 50 ^ 1/2 = -2.33. Pada kondisi servis (at service) Tegangan yang terjadi f1s = 2.55 N/mm2 fcs = 0. post-tensioned) = -0.97 N/mm2 fct = 0.33 N/mm2 15.13 N/mm2 + 7.50 N/mm2 Bandingkan dengan tegangan yang terjad perhitungan sebelum Kesimpulan 1.00 N/mm2 2.47 N/mm2 -2.

Kondisi transfer .

200 ya = 375 d1 = 275 150 750 d3 = 275 yb = 375 200 400 is netral penampang .

70 d2 = 230.Kondisi service 1000 200 ya = 344.70 200 d1 = 44.70 d4 = 244.30 .

30 200 400 200 ya = 344.30 yb = 605.70 d4 = 244.70 d2 = 230.70 200 d1 = 44.70 200 d1 = 44.30 yb = 605.30 200 .70 d4 = 244.70 d2 = 230.ya = 344.30 750 150 d3 = 505.30 750 d3 = 505.

696969697 ^2 03030303 ^2 03030303 ^2 9696969697 ^2 .

2584 0.75 4.16 0.08 N/mm2 -7.75 N/mm2 cgc = centre gravity of concrete Mi e = 275 Pi 30 0.66 7.14 0.1553 0.26 0.08 +4.skala tegangan = 4.1361 .

08 N/mm2 4.15 0.2419 0.1378 0.85 30 0.13 4.13 N/mm2 skala tegangan = 2.85 N/mm2 .2617 + 4.26 0.13 7.47 N/mm2 Ms e = 505 Pi .0711 0.47 30 0.149 skala tegangan = 2.13 4.24 0.cgc = centre gravity of concrete Mi e = 275 Pi -4.07 0.26 7.14 0.7.0711 0.07 0.

KONDISI TRANSFER Luas penampang balok 50 N/mm2 30 N/mm2 .UTS BETON PRESTRESS Suatu jembatan beton prategang dengan penampang sebagai berikut : Kondisi transfer 100 0 400 Dengan data sebagai berikut : Panjang jembatan = 25 m Initial prestress = 1500 kN Beban hidup = 15 kN/m Eksentrisitas cgs .Kehilangan jangka pendek = 15% .cgc (e) diketahui setelah masing-masing ttik berat cgc dan cgs diketahui catatan : cgc = center gravity of concrete (titik berat penampang beton) cgs = center gravity of steel (titik berat penampang baja/besi) Hitung tegangan : .Kondisi service Jawaban 1.Kondisi transfer .Kehilangan jangka panjang = 10% Mutu beton : fcu fci = = Hitung tegangan-tegangan yang terjadi .

1/2.h1 = d2 = ya .h13) + A1.(b2.1/2.(b1.h3 = 80000 mm2 A = A1 + A2 + A3 = 250000 mm2 A= ### mm2 y1 = 900 150 Menghitung jarak titik berat (centroid) dari tepi bawah (bottom) = yb y2 = 500 yb = Ai.1/2.50E+05 yb = 400 500 mm dari tepi bawah (bottom) ya = H1 .h2 + h3 y3 = 1/2. dimana H1 = 1000 mm 500 mm dari tepi atas (top) Menghitung Inertia I = (Ii + Ai.d22 = 1/12 x 150 x 600 ^3 + 90000 x 0 ^2 .h1 = 80000 mm2 A2 = b2.b1 = h1 = b2 = h2 = b3 = h3 = 400 mm 200 mm 150 mm 600 mm 400 mm 200 mm H1 = 1000 mm A1 = b1.h1 y2 = 1/2.d12 = 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 400 ^2 I2 = 1/12.h2 = 90000 mm2 A3 = b3.di2) dimana .1/2. d1 = ya .H1 = d3 = yb .h3 = 400 mm 0 mm karena berhimpitan dg garis netral penampang 400 mm I1 = 1/12.h23) + A2.yi/A y1 = H1 .h3 yb = 900 mm 500 mm 100 mm y3 = 100 80000 x 900 + 90000 x 500 + 80000 x 100 2.yb ya = = = = .

I3 = 1/12.h1 = 400 x 200 = A2 = b2.h3 = 400 x 200 = A4 = b4. KONDISI SERVICE Luas penampang balok b1 = h1 = b2 = h2 = 400 mm 200 mm 150 mm 600 mm b3 = h3 = b4 = h4 = 400 mm 200 mm 1000 mm 200 mm H2 = 1200 mm 1000 A1 = b1.3E+010 mm4 I2 = 2.h4 = 1000 x 200 = 80000 mm2 90000 mm2 80000 mm2 200000 mm2 A = A1 + A2 + A3 + A4 = 450000 mm2 A= ### mm2 Menghitung jarak titik berat (centroid) dari tepi bawah (bottom) = yb y4 = 1100 y1 = 900 150 .9E+010 mm4 Inertia total Momen lawan (section modulus / modulus penampang) z1 = I / ya ---> pada bagian atas z2 = I / yb ---> pada bagian bawah y1 = 900 z1 = ### 500 = 5.767E+07 mm3 z2 = ### 500 = 5.3E+010 mm4 2.h2 = 150 x 600 = A3 = b3.d32 = 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 400 ^2 I1 = 1.767E+07 mm3 150 y2 = 500 y3 = 100 400 Jarak kern (kern distance) kt = z2 / A = ### mm kb = z1 / A = ### mm 2.h33) + A3.(b3.7E+009 mm4 I3 = = 1.

1/2.(b4.d12 = 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 133.yb ya = = = = = 150 .95E+10 mm4 Inertia total 400 .h1 y2 = 1/2.h4 yb = 900 mm 500 mm 100 mm 1100 mm y2 = 500 y3 = 100 80000 x 900 + 90000 x 500 + 80000 x 100 + 200000 x 1100 4.50E+05 yb = ### mm dari tepi bawah (bottom) ya = H2 .766.yb = 900 .67 .666666666667 ^2 I4 = 1/12.(b1.58E+10 mm4 I4 = 2.333333333333 ^2 I2 = 1/12.(b3.d42 = 1/12 x 1000 x 200 ^3 + 200000 x 333.h2 + h3 y3 = 1/2.69E+09 mm4 I2 = 9. d1 = y1 .d22 = 1/12 x 150 x 600 ^3 + 90000 x 266.h3 y4 = H2 .333333333333 ^2 I1 = 1.h33) + A3.yb = 1100 .di2) dimana .500 = ### mm d3 = yb . dimana H2 = 1200 mm ### mm dari tepi atas (top) Menghitung Inertia I = (Ii + Ai.h13) + A1.d32 = 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 666.10E+09 mm4 I3 = 3.666666666667 ^2 I3 = 1/12.67 = ### mm I1 = 1/12.100 = ### mm d4 = y4 .(b2.h23) + A2.yi/A y1 = 900 y1 = H1 .67 = ### mm d2 = yb -y2 = 766.29E+10 mm4 = 6.1/2.h43) + A4.67 .766.y3 = 766.y4 = 1100 yb = Ai.

604E+08 mm3 z2 = ### ### = 9. BJ Beton con = 24 kN/m3 Beban hidup.8 kN/m Momen maksimum yang terjadi di tengah bentang (moment at midspan) : M = wL2 / 8 Momen pada kondisi transfer (moment at transfer) : Mi = 6 x 25 ^2 8 Mi = 468. Wsw = A x con = 6 kN/m1 dimana.m Momen pada kondisi servis (moment at service) : Ms = 25.8 x 25 ^2 8 Ms = 2015. WDL = 4.065E+07 mm3 Menghitung Beban Berat sendiri.75 kN.8 kN/m --> luas penampang plat x 1 m x BJ Beton 1000 x 200 x 1000 mm Total service load = Berat sendiri balok + beban hidup + Berat plat di atas balok = 25.m Tegangan yang Terjadi Kehilangan tegang jangka pendek Kehilangan tegang jangka panjan 15% 10% .6 kN.Momen lawan (section modulus / modulus penampang) z1 = I / ya ---> pada bagian atas z2 = I / yb ---> pada bagian bawah z1 = ### ### = 1. WLL = 15 kN/m Beban plat.

10 + 8.666666666667 . Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer) Dari perhitungan besaran penampang dapat diketahui : A= e = yb .49 N/mm2 200 ya = 500 d1 = 400 Pi cgc = centre gravity of concrete 1000 y1 = 900 150 e = 400 d3 = 400 y2 = 500 yb = 500 200 Pi cgs = centre gravity of steel y3 = 100 +7.85 x 1500 0.666 = 5.e/z2 .6666667) .75 x 1500 = = 1275 kN 1125 kN 1. Pi = Pi = Pi = 1500 kN 0.38 N/mm2 f2t = Pi / A + Pi. Pada kondisi servis (at service) Dari perhitungan besaran penampang dapat diketahui : A= e = yb .75 dimana.e/z1 + Mi / z1 f1t = (1275 x 10^3 / 250000) -(1275 x 10^3 x 400 /57666666.20 N/mm2 400 +12.666 = 5.75 / 57666666.Pi.h3 ### mm2 0 mm z1 = ### mm3 e = 500 .6666667) + 468.84 + 8.1/2 x 200 z2 = ### mm3 e= 400 mm f1t = Pi / A .10 8.71 N/mm2 .h3 ### mm2 z1 = ### mm3 e = 766.49 N/mm2 2.13 = 5.Mi / z2 f2t = (1275 x 10^3 / 250000) +(1275 x 10^3 x 400 /57666666.jadi  = dan  = 0.20 N/mm2 -12.468.75 / 57666666.13 = 4.82 N/mm2 +7.85 0.84 8.1/2 x 200 +11.

z2 =

e = 666.67 mm

### mm3

f1s = Pi / A - Pi.e/z1 + Ms / z1
f1s =

(1125 x 10^3 / 450000) -(1125 x 10^3 x 666.666666666667 /160384615.384615) + 2015.62
= 2.50
4.68
+
12.57
= 10.39 N/mm2

f2s = Pi / A + Pi.e/z2 - Ms / z2
f2s =

(1125 x 10^3 / 450000) +(1125 x 10^3 x 666.666666666667 /90652173.9130435) - 2015.62
= 2.50
+
8.27
22.23
= -11.46 N/mm2

1000

+3.78 N/mm2

- 7.07 N/mm2

+ 15.99 N/mm2

200
ya = 433.33
d4 = 333.33

200
d1 = 133.33

cgc = centre gravity of concrete

Pi

d2 = 266.67

y4 = 1100

1000

y1 =900

150

e = 667

d3 = 666.67
yb = 766.67

y2 =500

200

y3 = 100

Pi

cgs = centre gravity of steel

400

+3.78 N/mm2

+ 12.50 N/mm2

Tegangan yang diizinkan (stress limits)
1. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer)
ftt = -0.36(fci)1/2 N/mm2
(Class 2, post-tensioned)
= -0.36 x 30 ^ 1/2
= -1.97 N/mm2
fct = 0.5.fci N/mm2 (flexural members)
= 0.5 x 30
= 15.00 N/mm2
2. Pada kondisi servis (at service)

Bandingkan denga
tegangan yang te
perhitungan sebe

Bandingkan denga
tegangan yang te
perhitungan sebe

fts = -0.36(fcu)1/2 N/mm2
(Class 2, post-tensioned)
= -0.36 x 50 ^ 1/2
= -2.55 N/mm2
fcs = 0.33.fcu N/mm2 (flexural members)
= 0.33 x 50
= 16.50 N/mm2
Kesimpulan
1. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer)
f1t =

4.38 N/mm2

-1.97 N/mm2

f2t =

5.82 N/mm2

15.00 N/mm2

2. Pada kondisi servis (at service)
f1s =

10.39 N/mm2

-2.55 N/mm2

f2s = -11.46 N/mm2

16.50 N/mm2

Kondisi transfer 200 ya = 500 d1 = 400 1000 150 d3 = 400 yb = 500 200 400 is netral penampang .

33 d4 = 333.Kondisi transfer 200 ya = 500 d1 = 400 1000 150 d3 = 400 yb = 500 200 400 Kondisi service 1000 200 ya = 433.67 yb = 766.33 d2 =266.67 1000 150 d3 = 666.33 200 d1 = 133.67 .

67 1000 150 d3 = 666.67 yb = 766.d2 =266.67 0 200 y3 = 100 3333333 ^2 6666667 ^2 6666667 ^2 333333333 ^2 400 .

1000 mm 10^-9 1000 x 200 x 1000 mm x10^-9 x 24 kN/m3 .

17 TERSERAH ATAU DISESUAIKAN AGAR GAMBARNYA BAGUS DILIHAT 30 +6.16 GAMBARNYA DISESUAIKAN AGAR BAGUS DILIHAT .50 30 DITENTUKAN 0.15 5.6666667) -12.49 N/mm2 +11.68 0.6666667) .84 8.75 / 57666666.71 N/mm2 SKALA 1 : 30 30 DITENTUKAN 0.17 0.71 N/mm2 +7.10 8.29 0.82 0.27 5.42 N/mm2 Mi e = 400 Pi -11.19 ( + 468.84 0.468.38 0.08 TERSERAH ATAU 4.27 4.13 0.75 / 57666666.10 8.98 N/mm2 skala tegangan = SKALA 1 : 30 2.skala tegangan = 5.29 ) 8.13 10^3 skala tegangan = 0.

23 0.625 / 90652173.02 N/mm2 12.2015.39 -11.27 22.28 0.57 0.70 N/mm2 Ms = 667 .9130435) .08 8.35 (0.50 30 0.74 10.384615) + 2015.38) SKALA 1 : 30 DITENTUKAN TERSERAH ATAU DISESUAIKAN AGAR GAMBARNYA BAGUS DILIHAT .28.625 / 160384615.99 N/mm2 + 12.46 0.29 N/mm2 gkan dengan an yang terjadi pada ngan sebelumnya .384615) 2173.9130435) + 15.4615.42 skala tegangan = 2.12.

.

.

.

.

.

SKALA 1 : 30 DITENTUKAN TERSERAH ATAU 0.214 0.4162 0.1259 DISESUAIKAN AGAR GAMBARNYA 0.24 DISESUAIKAN AGAR GAMBARNYA 0.4162 BAGUS DILIHAT 0.266 SKALA 1 : 30 DITENTUKAN TERSERAH ATAU 0.24 0.2355 BAGUS DILIHAT .3902 0.3902 0.

5331 0.SKALA 1 : 30 DITENTUKAN TERSERAH ATAU DISESUAIKAN AGAR GAMBARNYA BAGUS DILIHAT 0.4167 0.9432 0.4005 .4235 0.1259 0.

.

yi/A y1 = 750 .1/2. fcu fci Jawaban Luas penampang balok b1 = h1 = b2 = h2 = b3 = h3 = 400 mm 200 mm 150 mm 350 mm 400 mm 200 mm A1 = b1. Kehilangan jangka pendek Kehilangan jangka panjang = = 10% 10% = = 50 30 Dimana.CONTOH SOAL BETON PRESTRESS Balok prestress diatas dua tumpuan : Panjang balok Initial gaya prestress Beban hidup Eksentrisitas cgs .h3 = = = 650 mm 375 mm 100 mm .h1 y2 = 1/2.h2 = 52500 mm2 A3 = b3.h3 = 80000 mm2 A = A1 + A2 + A3 = 212500 mm2 A= ### mm2 Menghitung jarak titik berat (centroid) dari tepi bawah (bottom) = yb yb = Ai.h1 = 80000 mm2 A2 = b2.cgc = = = = 15 1100 12 325 Hitung tegangan di tengah bentang.h2 + h3 y3 = 1/2.

h3 = 275 mm I1 = 1/12.(b3.1/2.13E+05 yb = 375 mm dari tepi bawah (bottom) ya = H .H = 0 mm d3 = yb .h13) + A1.1/2.yb ya = . dimana H = 750 mm 375 mm dari tepi atas (top) Menghitung Inertia I = (Ii + Ai.(b1.h23) + A2.d12 = 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 275 ^2 I2 = 1/12.d32 = 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 275 ^2 I1 = ### mm4 I2 = ### mm4 I3 = = ### mm4 ### mm4 Inertia total Momen lawan (section modulus / modulus penampang) z1 = I / ya ---> pada bagian atas z2 = I / yb ---> pada bagian bawah z1 = ### 375 = ### mm3 = 35.yb = 80000 x 650 + 52500 x 375 + 80000 x 100 2.h33) + A3.d22 = 1/12 x 150 x 350 ^3 + 52500 x 0 ^2 I3 = 1/12.12 x 106 mm3 Jarak kern (kern distance) .12 x 106 mm3 z2 = ### 375 = ### mm3 = 35. d1 = ya .1/2.(b2.h1 = 275 mm d2 = ya .di2) dimana .

m Tegangan yang Terjadi Kehilangan tegang jangka pendek Kehilangan tegang jangka panjan jadi  = dan  = 0.1 x 15 ^2 8 Ms = 480.9 x 1100 0.1 kN/m Momen maksimum yang terjadi di tengah bentang (moment at midspan) : M = wL2 / 8 Momen pada kondisi transfer (moment at transfer) : Mi = 5. BJ Beton con = 24 kN/m3 Beban hidup = 12 kN/m Total service load = Berat sendiri balok + Beban hidup = 17.kt = z2 / A = ### mm kb = z1 / A = ### mm Menghitung Beban Berat sendiri.8 x 1100 1100 kN = = 990 kN 880 kN 1.1 kN/m1 dimana. Pi = Pi = Pi = 10% 10% 0. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer) .m Momen pada kondisi servis (moment at service) : Ms = 17. Wsw = A x con = 5.94 kN.90 0.80 dimana.1 x 15 ^2 8 Mi = 143.44 kN.

41 N/mm2 .(990x103x325/35.69 = 9.14 + 8.13x105) .Pi.08 = 9.14 8.9x106 / 35.08 = -0.Pi.Mi / z2 f2t = (990x103/2.14 13.66 9.(143.e/z1 + Mi / z1 f1t = (990x103/2.74 N/mm2 2.e/z2 + Ms / z2 f2s = (880x103/2.13x105) + (880x103x325/35.12x106) + (480.4x106 / 35.13x105) + (990x103x325/35.13x105) .f1t = Pi / A .12x106) = 4.12x106) .12x106) .66 + 9.Pi.12x106) + (143.9x106 / 35.12x106) = 4.42 N/mm2 f2t = Pi / A + Pi.12x106) = 4.12x106) = 4.14 + 13.69 = -1.(480. Pada kondisi servis (at service) f1s = Pi / A .69 N/mm2 f2s = Pi / A .e/z1 + Ms / z1 f1s = (880x103/2.(880x103x325/35.e/z2 .16 4.4x106 / 35.16 + 4.

5.42 N/mm2 -1.50 N/mm2 .74 N/mm2 15. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer) Tegangan yang terjadi f1t = -0.33 x 50 = 16. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer) ftt = -0.33.Tegangan yang diizinkan (stress limits) 1. post-tensioned) = -0.00 N/mm2 2.50 N/mm2 Bandingkan dengan tegangan yang terjad perhitungan sebelum Kesimpulan 1.36 x 30 ^ 1/2 = -1. Pada kondisi servis (at service) fts = -0.36 x 50 ^ 1/2 = -2.97 N/mm2 f2t = 9. post-tensioned) = -0.55 N/mm2 f2s = -1.41 N/mm2 16.55 N/mm2 fcs = 0.5 x 30 = 15.97 N/mm2 fct = 0.36(fci)1/2 N/mm2 (Class 2.36(fcu)1/2 N/mm2 (Class 2.00 N/mm2 2.fcu N/mm2 (flexural members) = 0.69 N/mm2 -2. Pada kondisi servis (at service) Tegangan yang terjadi f1s = 9.fci N/mm2 (flexural members) = 0.

m kN kN/m mm N/mm2 N/mm2 ya .

ya yb .

.

.