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DAFTAR PUSTAKA

Guyton, A.C., dan Hall, J.E. 2008. Buku Ajar Fisiologi Kedokteran. Edisi 11. Jakarta: EGC

World Bank. Tobacco Control in Developing Countries.World Bank. Available from: http://wwwl.worldbank.org/tobacco/tcdc/465TO476.pdf. [Accessed 27 November 2014]; 2001.

Irianto, Kus, 2007. Gizi dan Pola Hidup Sehat. Yrama Widya, Bandung

Azwar, Syaifuddin. 2001. Reliabilitas dan Validitas, edisi ketiga. Pustaka Pelajar. Yogyakarta.

Pneumobile Project Indonesia, 1992. Nilai Normal Faal Paru Indonesia.

Sloane, E, 2004. Anatomi dan Fisiologi Untuk Pemula. Penerbit Buku Kedokteran (EGC). Jakarta.

Guyton, A.C., 2008. Ventilasi Paru-paru. In: Buku Teks Fisiologi Kedokteran. Jakarta: EGC, 1-13.

Wenzel, S.E., Larsen, G.L., 2009. Assesment of lung function. In: Bierman, C.W., Pearlman, D.S., Shapiro, G.G., Busse, W.W., ed. Allergy, asthma and immunology from infancy to adulthood. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 157-172.

Scanlon Valerie C, Sanders Tina, 2006 ; Buku Ajar Anatomi Dan Fisiologi (Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology) ; Edisi II, cetakan pertama ;Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC, Jakarta, 301 306.

Sherwood, Lauralee., 2010. Fisiologi Manusia dari Sel ke Sistem edisi 6. Penerjemah Brahm U. Pendit. Jakarta: EGC. Sylvia A. Price and Lorraine M. Wilson alih bahasa Dr. Peter Anugrah, 1994, Patofisiologi edisi 4, EGC, Jakarta.

Alsagaff, Hood dan A, Mukty. 2005. Dasar Dasar Ilmu Penyakit Paru. Cetakan Ketiga. Surabaya: Airlangga University Press.

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Braunwald, E., Fauci, A.S., Isselbacher, K.J., Wilson, J.D., Martin, J.B., Kasper, D.L., et al, 2011. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. Philadelphia:

McGraw-Hill.

Menaldi, Rasmin et al. 2001. Prosedur Tindakan Bidang Paru dan Pernapasan, Diagnosa dan Terapi. Jakarta: Bagian Pulmonologi FK UI, pp: 34-36.

Dorland. Kamus Saku Kedokteran Dorland. Edisi 31. Alih bahasa. dr. Poppy Kumala, dr. Sugiarto Komala, dr. Alexander H. Santoso, dr. Johannes Rubijanto Sulaiman, dr. Yuliasari Rienita, Retna Neary Elseria. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC, 2010: 2039

Yunus F. Peranan Faal Paru pada Penyakit Paru Obstruktif Menahun. Dalam:

Penyakit Paru Obstruktif Menahun. eds. Faisal Yunus, Anwar Jusuf. Jakarta:

Penerbit FKUI, 2011 : 3344.

Niederman MS, Craven DE, Bonten MJ, et al. American thoracic society documents: Guidenlines For the management of adults with hospital-acquired, ventilator-associated, and healthcare-associated pneumonia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2005;171:388-416.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med Vol. 180, P3-P4, 2009. www.thoracic.orgATS Patient Education Series © 2009 American Thoracic Society

Price, S & Wilson, L, 2005. Patofisiologi: Konsep Klinis Proses-Proses Penyakit. Edisi 6. EGC, Jakarta.

Ganong,William,F,Buku Ajar Fisiologi Kedokteran.E/20, ed, Widjajakusumah, M, Djauhari, (Jakarta:EGC,2005)

Lemeshow,

S.

et

al.

(1997).

Besar

Sample

Dalam

Penelitian

Jogyakarta: Gadjah Mada Universitas Press.

Kesehatan.

48

48

49

49

50

50

51

51

52

52

53

53

54

Lampiran Uji T-Test

Perbandingan Nilai Fungsi Paru Mahasiswa 2013 Dengan 2014 Ditinjau Dari Normal, Obstruktif Dan Kombinasi

Paired Samples Statistics
Paired Samples Statistics

Mean

N Std. Dev iation

Std. Error

Mean

90.5079

Pair

1

2013

63

12.66551

1.59570

2014

94.9508

63

15.73534

1.98247

Paired Samples Correlations
Paired Samples Correlations
 

N

Correlation

Pair 1

Normal 2013 - Normal 2014

63

.073

Sig.

  N Correlation Pair 1 Normal 2013 - Normal 2014 63 .073 Sig. .569

.569

Paired Samples Test
Paired Samples Test

Pair

normal 2013

1

-normal 2014

Paired Diff erences

 

Std.

Std. Error

95% Confidence Interv al of the Dif f erence

Mean

Deviation

Mean

Lower

Upper

-4.44286

19.46380

2.45221

-9.34475

.45904

t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

-1.812

62

.075

Upper -4.44286 19.46380 2.45221 -9.34475 .45904 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -1.812 62 .075
Upper -4.44286 19.46380 2.45221 -9.34475 .45904 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -1.812 62 .075
Upper -4.44286 19.46380 2.45221 -9.34475 .45904 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -1.812 62 .075
Upper -4.44286 19.46380 2.45221 -9.34475 .45904 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -1.812 62 .075
Upper -4.44286 19.46380 2.45221 -9.34475 .45904 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -1.812 62 .075
Upper -4.44286 19.46380 2.45221 -9.34475 .45904 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -1.812 62 .075
Upper -4.44286 19.46380 2.45221 -9.34475 .45904 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -1.812 62 .075
Upper -4.44286 19.46380 2.45221 -9.34475 .45904 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -1.812 62 .075
Upper -4.44286 19.46380 2.45221 -9.34475 .45904 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -1.812 62 .075
Paired Samples Statistics
Paired Samples Statistics

Mean

N Std. Dev iation

Std. Error

Mean

Mean N Std. Dev iation Std. Error Mean Pair 1 Obstruktif 2013 78.4091 22 9.48512 2.02223

Pair

1

Obstruktif 2013

78.4091

22

9.48512

2.02223

Obstruktif 204

77.1273

22

7.44697

1.58770

Paired Samples Correlations
Paired Samples Correlations

Pair

1

Obstruktif 2013 - Obstruktif 2014

N Correlation

22 .149

Pair 1 Obstruktif 2013 - Obstruktif 2014 N Correlation 22 .149 Sig. .509
Pair 1 Obstruktif 2013 - Obstruktif 2014 N Correlation 22 .149 Sig. .509

Sig.

.509

55 Paired Samples Test Paired Diff erences 95% Confidence Interv al of the Dif f
55
Paired Samples Test
Paired Diff erences
95% Confidence
Interv al of the
Dif f erence
Std. Error
Mean
Std. Dev iation
Mean
Lower
Upper
t
df
Sig. (2-tailed)
Pair
Obstruktif 2013 -
1.28182
11.15521
2.37830
-3.66412
6.22776
.539
21
.596
1
Obstruktif 2014
Paired Samples Statistics
Paired Samples Statistics

7.43359

Mean

N Std. Dev iation

Std. Error

Mean

14

Pair

1

kombinasi 2013

59.2143

1.98671

kombinasi 2014

61.1143

14

9.95040

2.65936

Paired Samples Correlations
Paired Samples Correlations
 

N

Correlation

Pair 1

Kombinasi 2013 - kombinasi 2014

14

-.037

  N Correlation Pair 1 Kombinasi 2013 - kombinasi 2014 14 -.037 Sig. .899
  N Correlation Pair 1 Kombinasi 2013 - kombinasi 2014 14 -.037 Sig. .899

Sig.

.899

Paired Samples Test
Paired Samples Test

Pair

Kombinasi 2013 -

1

kombinasi 2014

Paired Diff erences

   

Std. Error

95% Confidence Interv al of the Dif f erence

Mean

Std. Dev iation

Mean

Lower

Upper

-1.90000

12.64175

3.37865

-9.19913

5.39913

t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

-.562

13

.583

Upper -1.90000 12.64175 3.37865 -9.19913 5.39913 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -.562 13 .583
Upper -1.90000 12.64175 3.37865 -9.19913 5.39913 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -.562 13 .583
Upper -1.90000 12.64175 3.37865 -9.19913 5.39913 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -.562 13 .583
Upper -1.90000 12.64175 3.37865 -9.19913 5.39913 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -.562 13 .583
Upper -1.90000 12.64175 3.37865 -9.19913 5.39913 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -.562 13 .583
Upper -1.90000 12.64175 3.37865 -9.19913 5.39913 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -.562 13 .583
Upper -1.90000 12.64175 3.37865 -9.19913 5.39913 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -.562 13 .583
Upper -1.90000 12.64175 3.37865 -9.19913 5.39913 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -.562 13 .583
Upper -1.90000 12.64175 3.37865 -9.19913 5.39913 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -.562 13 .583

56

Perbandingan Nilai Fungsi Paru Mahasiswa 2013 Dengan 2014 Ditinjau Dari

Jenis Kelamin

Laki Laki Dan Perempuan Dengan Nilai Fungsi Paru Normal Dan Tidak Normal

Paired Samples Statistics Std. Error Mean N Std. Dev iation Mean Pair Laki fp. normal
Paired Samples Statistics
Std. Error
Mean
N
Std. Dev iation
Mean
Pair
Laki fp. normal 2013
94.1154
26
13.23126
2.59486
1
Laki fp. normal 2014
106.2231
26
17.31243
3.39525
Paired Samples Correlations
Paired Samples Correlations

26

26 N Correlation Sig. Pair Laki fp. normal 2013 - 1 Laki fp. normal 2014 .162

N Correlation

Sig.

Pair

Laki fp. normal 2013 -

1

Laki fp. normal 2014

.162

.430

Paired Samples Test
Paired Samples Test

Pair

Laki fp. normal 2013 -

1

Laki fp. normal 2014

Paired Diff erences

   

Std. Error

95% Confidence Interv al of the Dif f erence

Mean

Std. Dev iation

Mean

Lower

Upper

-12.10769

20.01899

3.92605

-20.19354

-4.02185

t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

-3.084

25

.005

Upper -12.10769 20.01899 3.92605 -20.19354 -4.02185 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -3.084 25 .005
Upper -12.10769 20.01899 3.92605 -20.19354 -4.02185 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -3.084 25 .005
Upper -12.10769 20.01899 3.92605 -20.19354 -4.02185 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -3.084 25 .005
Upper -12.10769 20.01899 3.92605 -20.19354 -4.02185 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -3.084 25 .005
Upper -12.10769 20.01899 3.92605 -20.19354 -4.02185 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -3.084 25 .005
Upper -12.10769 20.01899 3.92605 -20.19354 -4.02185 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -3.084 25 .005
Upper -12.10769 20.01899 3.92605 -20.19354 -4.02185 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -3.084 25 .005
Upper -12.10769 20.01899 3.92605 -20.19354 -4.02185 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -3.084 25 .005
Upper -12.10769 20.01899 3.92605 -20.19354 -4.02185 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -3.084 25 .005

57

Paired Samples Statistics
Paired Samples Statistics

Mean

N Std. Dev iation

Std. Error

Mean

61.4000 5

Pair

1

Laki fp. tdk normal 2013

3.50714

1.56844

Laki fp. tdk normal 2014

75.7800

5

13.04174

5.83244

Paired Samples Correlations

Pair

Laki fp. tdk normal 2013 -

N

5

Correlation

-.397

Sig.

1 Laki fp. tdk normal 2014

.509

Paired Samples Test
Paired Samples Test

Pair

Laki fp. tdk normal 2013 -

1

Laki fp. tdk normal 2014

Paired Diff erences

   

Std. Error

95% Confidence Interv al of the Dif f erence

Mean

Std. Dev iation

Mean

Lower

Upper

-14.38000

14.78739

6.61312

-32.74097

3.98097

t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

-2.174

4

.095

Upper -14.38000 14.78739 6.61312 -32.74097 3.98097 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -2.174 4 .095
Upper -14.38000 14.78739 6.61312 -32.74097 3.98097 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -2.174 4 .095
Upper -14.38000 14.78739 6.61312 -32.74097 3.98097 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -2.174 4 .095
Upper -14.38000 14.78739 6.61312 -32.74097 3.98097 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -2.174 4 .095
Upper -14.38000 14.78739 6.61312 -32.74097 3.98097 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -2.174 4 .095
Upper -14.38000 14.78739 6.61312 -32.74097 3.98097 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -2.174 4 .095
Upper -14.38000 14.78739 6.61312 -32.74097 3.98097 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -2.174 4 .095
Upper -14.38000 14.78739 6.61312 -32.74097 3.98097 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -2.174 4 .095
Upper -14.38000 14.78739 6.61312 -32.74097 3.98097 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -2.174 4 .095
Paired Samples Statistics
Paired Samples Statistics

Mean

N Std. Dev iation

Std. Error

Mean

Mean N Std. Dev iation Std. Error Mean Pair 1 Perempuan f p. normal 2013 89.2162

Pair

1

Perempuan f p. normal 2013

89.2162

37

11.87934

1.95295

Perempuan f p. normal 2014

87.0297

37

7.87591

1.29479

Paired Samples Correlations

58

Pair

1

Perempuan f p. normal 2014

N

37

Correlation

-.226

Pair 1 Perempuan f p. normal 2014 N 37 Correlation -.226 Perempuan f p. normal 2013

Perempuan f p. normal 2013 -

Sig.

.178

Paired Samples Test Paired Diff erences 95% Confidence Interv al of the Dif f erence
Paired Samples Test
Paired Diff erences
95% Confidence
Interv al of the
Dif f erence
Std. Error
Mean
Std. Dev iation
Mean
Lower
Upper
t
df
Sig. (2-tailed)
Pair
Perempuan f p. normal 2013 -
1
Perempuan f p. normal 2014
2.18649
15.66793
2.57579
-3.03746
7.41043
.849
36
.402
Paired Samples Statistics
Paired Samples Statistics

Std. Error

Mean

1.49159

2.02853

Std. Error Mean 1.49159 2.02853 Pair 1   Mean N Std. Dev iation Perempuan f p.

Pair

1

 

Mean

N

Std. Dev iation

Perempuan f p. tidak normal 2013

58.3548

31

8.30481

Perempuan f p. tidak normal 2014

70.1129

31

11.29439

f p. tidak normal 2013 58.3548 31 8.30481 Perempuan f p. tidak normal 2014 70.1129 31
Paired Samples Correlations
Paired Samples Correlations

Pair

Perempuan f p. tidak normal 2013 -

1

N

31 -.144

Correlation

Sig.

Perempuan f p. tidak normal 2014

.440

59

Paired Samples Test
Paired Samples Test

Pair

Perempuan f p. tidak normal 2013 -

1

Perempuan f p. tidak normal 2014

Paired Diff erences

   

Std. Error

95% Confidence Interv al of the Diff erence

Mean

Std. Dev iation

Mean

Lower

Upper

-11.75806

14.95022

2.68514

-17.24185

-6.27428

t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

-4.379

30

.000

Upper -11.75806 14.95022 2.68514 -17.24185 -6.27428 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -4.379 30 .000
Upper -11.75806 14.95022 2.68514 -17.24185 -6.27428 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -4.379 30 .000
Upper -11.75806 14.95022 2.68514 -17.24185 -6.27428 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -4.379 30 .000
Upper -11.75806 14.95022 2.68514 -17.24185 -6.27428 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -4.379 30 .000
Upper -11.75806 14.95022 2.68514 -17.24185 -6.27428 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -4.379 30 .000
Upper -11.75806 14.95022 2.68514 -17.24185 -6.27428 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -4.379 30 .000
Upper -11.75806 14.95022 2.68514 -17.24185 -6.27428 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -4.379 30 .000
Upper -11.75806 14.95022 2.68514 -17.24185 -6.27428 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -4.379 30 .000
Upper -11.75806 14.95022 2.68514 -17.24185 -6.27428 t df Sig. (2-tailed) -4.379 30 .000