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AUTOMATIC WATER GENERATION USING PELTIER

B Y : - S W E TAN G K A S H YAP

1CR12EC108

CONTENT
INTRODUCTION
COMPONENTS
DESIGN
WORKING
COMPARISON
CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION
A system to generate water from atmospheric moisture .
Use of thermoelectric coupler(TEC-12706).
DC operated.
Used in regions of high humidity.
Condensation of air at dew point.
Generated water could be used for drinking and irrigation purposes.
Compact and portable.

DEW POINT
Temperature at which the moisture in air condensed is called dew point.

Tdp = (Hr/100)1/8.(112+0.9Ta) +0.1Ta -112


Tdp - DEW POINT
Hr - RELATIVE HUMIDITY
Ta - TEMPERATURE OF AMBIENT AIR MOISTURE

COMPONENTS
Thermoelectric cooler (TEC-12706).
Temperature controller Circuit.
Heat sink
Fans
Air filter
Water filter
Condenser Plate

TEC-12706
Thermoelectric cooler.
DC operated.
Two sides( a p-type and an n-type semiconductor).
Temperature difference of 70oc between the plates.
Peltier effect and electron hole theory.
Consist of a larger amount of thermocouples arranged in rectangular form and packaged between two
thin ceramic plates.

TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
MICROCONTROLLER (ARDUINO UNO)
HUMIDITY AND TEMPERATURE SENSOR (DHT
11)

SIGNAL FROM SENSOR TO


MICROCONTROLLER

CONTROL SIGNAL

DC POWER
SOURCE

MICROCONTROLLER

SWITCHED OFF WHEN DEW


POINT IS REACHED

HUMIDITY AND
TEMPERATURE
SENSOR
WATER GENERATION
UNIT

DESIGN

CONSTRUCTION

WORKING
The objective is to calculate the dew point temperature TDP .
Temperature controller circuit switches supply according to the dew point.
Air from the hot side is cooled and condensed at the cool side of TEC.
Condensed droplets of water is collected in a reservoir.
Collected water is filtered and could be used for drinking purpose.

PROS AND CONS


PROS

CONS

DC SUPPLY

SLOW

COMPACT

LOCATION SPECIFIC

LESS POWER CONSUMPTION

POWER CONSUMPTION
COMPONENT

POWER

TEC 12706

65W

FANS (2)

12W

ARDUINO

5W

CONCLUSION
1 Litre of water could be produced per hour in high humid regions.
For large scale implementation, RO and UV water filter can be used.
The concept of this project can also be used as a better alternative in refrigeration science against
conventional systems.
It can be implemented in high humid regions.
Solar energy can be used for the power supply.

THANK YOU