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E.

Data Pengamatan
Diketahui :
Massa Al

= 0,25 gr

Massa KOH 20%

= 1,5 gr

Volume KOH

= 10 ml

Massa H2C2O4.2H2O

= 0,5 gr

Volume H2C2O4

= 2 mL

Massa kertas saring

= 1,02 gr

Berat kertas saring + Kristal

= 1,25 gr

Berat Kristal

= 1,25 gr 1,02 gr
= 0,23 gr

Perhitungan
5g
56 g / mol

mol KOH 20%

= 0,0268 mol
3,5 g
0,027 mol
126 g / mol

mol H2C2O4

=
0,25 g
0,00925 mol
27 g / mol

mol Al

Reaksi :
2Al

2OH- +

6H2O

2[Al(OH)4]-

3H2

m : 0,00925 mol

0,02678 mol

rx : 0,00925 mol

0,00925 mol

0,00925 mol

s :

0,01753 mol

0,00925 mol

[Al(OH)4]-

3 C2O42-

m : 0,00925 mol

0,00397 mol

rx : 0,00925 mol

0,00397 mol

s :

[Al(C2O4)3]3- +

0,00925 mol
0,00925 mol

3K+ + [Al(C2O4)3]3- + H2O K3Al(C2O4)3.H2O, maka:


mol [Al(C2O4)3]3- mol K3Al(C2O4)3 H2O
mol K3Al(C2O4)3 H2O = 0,00925 mol
massa K3Al(C2O4)3 H2O = 0,009265 mol x 426 g/mol
= 3,9405 g

Rendamen =

beratpraktek
x100%
beratteori
0,23 gr
x 100%
3,9405 gr

=
= 5,83%

Reaksi-reaksi yang terjadi


2Al + 2OH- + 6H2O 2[Al(OH)4]- + 3H2
[Al(OH)4]- + 3 C2O42- [Al(C2O4)3]3- + 4OH3K+ + [Al(C2O4)3]3- + H2O K3Al(C2O4)3.H2O

4OH-