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SCWROEDAHL ,,,o,B.

x
SPECIALTY VALVES

PARTS LIST TDL-CS-SMALL-5 (>-I


0)

I
CLIENT: CHIYODA CORPORATION
P.O. NO.: QMML2C2088
ITEMS:FCV-23035 & FCV-23037
SCHROEDAHL REF.: JP.045.TD97 I
PARTS LisT
AUTOMATIC RECIRCULATION VALVE
TDLlOSUVW-CS

. .
Phone (31+) 164.255040 Fax (31+) 164.258885
. .
..
P.O. Box 537 NL-4600 St. Josephstr. 65 8 Lucernaflet SVl floor NL-4611 MK s Bergen op Zoom Holland
Bankers: Generale Bank 64.20.49.491 a ABN-AMRO 42.91 -45.888
VAT NR. NL005463397801 .Trade reg. Nr. Breda 20041144 Sales terms registered at dlstrld court Breda Nr.20/94
..... . . ... .. . . .... .. ....... '...."......,.
DElI 18 '36 07: 5 3 A M 1 8 8 TECH. LIERGRL(' -,,-.-- *P.- 2

SECTION 9 GENERAL INFORMATION

TABLE Dm11

MEAN COEFWCIENTS OF THERMAL EXPANSION

7 CeIL? Mo & 9 Cr-1 M b

All l h d c r of TP 3M S.S.
AU &dm of TP 321 S.S.
All O n d b of TP 347 S.S.

T i m (Ondw 1 , 2 . 3 8 7)

Ni-MwCr W y C.276)

PO-10& SO-20CU-Ni

CC.Ni-F*M*Cu.Cb (Allcy 20Cb)


Ni-Cr-Mc-Cb (AUoy 625)

Refetenets;
AShffi Scot VIII, Div. 2,1986 Edition Bridgepon Brasn Compllny Airco, he.
R.A. Mom (C~llectcdPapers, Lcucrs & Dae) Sabin Cmckcr, Piping Hhrldbbbk, 41hEdition Carpenter Technology
Huniingron Allay Inc. Bullcrin #1 SMI-76T-42, C11b6r-Stclli~ Natianal B m u ef Standards
hwmstional Nickcl Company Tclcdynm W 1 Chang Albany D.G.Furman, Journal of Mtrnla

184 Standards Qf The Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Assaciatibn


-- ---- - ._I*-_ - w
CHIYODA
C"'."C.L L"Gl.uruY0. CY".rnLCI*OV CO. LTO.

u e a 5700-00-~S-001
SPECIFICATION >%
:- 2q

ASTI4 SPECIFIUTION JIS J i


SYYBOL HukER RE1*~K~

A-185 Melded S t e e l M i r e F a b n c
f o r C o n c r e t e Reinforcement

Grade 73 G
- 3551
-...

A-192 Seamlass C a h o n S t e e l B o i l e r ST0 33 G 3461 Seamloss


Tubes f o r High-Pressure ST0 35 G 3461
I Service

A l l o y S t e e l and S t a i n l e s s S t e e l
B o l t i n g M a t e r t a l s f o r High
Temperature S e r v t c e

Grade 8 7 SIiB 7 G 4107


Grade 8
B 8 C SUS 304 G 4303
SUS 347 G 4303
Grade B 8 T SUS 321 G 4303
Grade B 516 SNB 16 G 4107
SN8 5 G 4107
Grade 8 6 SUS 410 G 4303

Carbon and A l l o y S t e e l Nuts


f a r B o l t s f o r n i g h Pressun,
and H i g h Temperature S e r v j c e

Grade 2 H S 45 C
Grade 8 SUS 304
Grada 4 (1)
Grade 6 SUS 410
.. .

Seamless C o l d Drawn I n t e m d i a t e
A l l o y S t e e l Heat Exchrnger and
Condensar Tubes

STBA 25 C o l d Drawn
STBA 23
STBA 24

1 I
I I
SPECIFICATION

& SYMBOL NilMEER "L""nL'

A-264 C a r r o s l o n - R e s i s t i n g Cr-HI
S t e e l Clad P l a t e . She-? and

Type 104 SUS 104 G 4104


. Type lO4L SUS 304L G 4104
Type 116 SUS 316 G 4304
Type I161 SUS 3!6L G 4304
Type 117 UIS 117 G 4304
Type 317L SU5 3171
-~ 6 a304
".
Type 121 SUS-I21 2nd
G4.--
Type 147 SUS 147 G 4304

1-258 Seamless and Welded F e r r l t l c


S t a i n l e s s S t e e l Tublng f o r
General S e r v i c e

SUS 4lOTB G 1463


SUS 41OTB G 1463
~.

A259 Seamless and Welded Aostenl t l c

SUS 104TB G 3463

-271 Seamless A u s t e n l t l c C r - ~ i
~
er"
Steel S t i l l Tubes f o r R.-e f i n .
Services

TP 104 SUS 104TB G 1463


TP 147 SUS 34778 G 1463
TP 121 SUS 121TB G 1463

2'6 S t a i n l e s s and Heat R e s i s t i n g


Steel Bars and Shapes

Type 420 SUS 42OJ2 G 4303


h-ZJa Gray I r o n Castlngs

No. 40 FC 30 G 5501
A Chromium-Nickel-Iron A1 l o y SCH 13 G 5122
Castings (25-12 Class) f o r
H i g h Temperature S e r v i c e

14% High S t r e n g t h Fl0T 8 1186


@ Bolts f o r Structural
Steel J o l n t s

A - Steel S t r u c t u r a l Tubing 5541 G 3444

A - Pressure Vessel P l a t e s . Carbon


Steel f o r I n t e r r e d l a t e and
Higher Temperature S e r v i c e

Grade 60 SB 42 G 3103
Grade 65 58 46 G 3103
Grade 70 58 49 G 3103

A-515 Pressure Vessel Plates. Carbon


S t e e l or Moderate 6 L a e r
Temperature S e r v l c e

For Moderate Temp. S e r v i c e

Grade 60 SGY 42 G 3118


Grade 65 SGV 46 G 3118
Grade 70 SGV 49 G 3118

j 7 Pressure Vessel P l a t e s , Heat-


Treated Carbon-fln-Si S t e e l

Class 1 SPV36N G3115


SPV 46Q G 3115

Steel Bars Carbon Hot-


Rolled. s p i c i a l Q u a l i t y

Grade 1020 52OC G 4051


Grade 1OZ5 '
'$5': G !???
MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS

4 Tubes

Seomltss
I? COMPOSlTlOh. STRLCTIJRE. &ND u F . c H ~ h l c A L P R O P E l l T l t ~ I STEEL
CARBON ASME SA-179 cold drawn
ASME Sh-210, rpec~fyg a d e

LOW ALLOY STEEL A S m SA-209


ASME 5.4-199, spectfy grxrle
I
I HIGHA L I ~ YSTEEL. ASME SA-213, specify -
. . gnde
ASME SA-268. ~ p c c i f ygrade
STEELS
NICK% AIiD KICKEL ALLOY ASME SB-163. specify alloy and temper.
.DO Cr &NO Ui FO'1 LOVER Y
;?;Ogq STPEIISTWIND FOR IPEClPL
SENSITIZAIYII . A L L . M AND i \ L L l h m A W Y . ASME SB-234. specify alloy and
tempcr.

COPPER *D COPPERAl.LoY AShE SB-1I1 , spec@ alloy and emper.


ASME SB-395. spec~iyalloy md temper

Welded
t
LW u n n m *, LOWER N-
STEEL
CARBON A S m SA-214, elecmc reslsrance wclded.
-@ <OR MIGMCR S T R E W T H
I UWROSIOU afstsTawcE
ADO YQ*C U o FQ* arovcro,~ HIGHALLOY STEEL. ASME Sh-249, specify p-dde.
rirnut ~ E I I S T ~ N C E

\ I 1 Shells, Channels. Covers, Floatins Heads, Tubesheets, and Flanges


\

STEELS
CARBON
STEEL. A S m Sh-1% seamless. Gndr B or Grade A.
Figurt I-I. r :8 8 rurwnin: i!a>>icsi i i e r ' :a ;roCoce
Sam: iom~orcl8ona:m ~ . d , R c i l i o iil A S b E SA-53 Grade R or Gradc .4
sP:anl ?rrpl;rriel Da5"rc l#ner qhuu c o m ~ ~ > r ~ r l a nl i an kl 5 la othrr rlia? r ) i r c v
Low AU-OY STEEL rZS,ME Sh-335. specify g a d e

HIGHALI.OY SEE[. ASM€ SA-376, spec* grade


ASME SA-312, spec* grade.

. V U ~ mu
% IA L L ~ ALLOY.
M ASME SB-1-41, specify alloy and
temper.

COPPER2.W COPPER
ALLOY ASIW SB-42
AShE SB-43, rpeclfy temper 26
CARBON
SNL. ASME SA-285 Grade C for plates up lo 2-in ~hlck CWIBON STFEI k S M E SA-105 Grade I or 11.
ASME SA-515, specify gradc. ASbIE SA- 18 1 Grade I or 11
ASME SA-5 16. spc-ify grade. ASME SA-266 Class I 31 2.

Low A u n ~STEEL. y,
ASME SA-204 firebox q ~ n l ~ t spxify grade Low AND HIGHAl.LOY S n m . ASME St\-182. sp:~.fygrade.
ASME SA-203 Grade B firehoa quality for plates up ASME St\-336, spec~fyclass.
lo 6 ft thick.
ASME SA-387, specify gmde. NICKFL.
hxn NICKEI.AL.IOY ASME SB-160, specify (emper
ASME SA-357 AShlE SB-164. spec~fylcnipcr and il.~rs
ASLIE SD-166, rpcc~fyrernpsr
S m .
HIGH WOY ASME SA-240, specify typc
ALLTfINUM A ~ ALL?4lVL11
D &LOY ASME SB-247, speclly alloy and
Nl- .AND NICKELALLOY ASME SB-162, specify temper. temper I
ASME SB-127, specify temper.
ASME SB-168, specify temper. Bolttng

Shrdr and Stud Bobs


A L L M L ~ WAND ALUMINLM ALLOY ASME SB-209, spec~fyalloy and
temper.

CorrER AW COPPERI ~ L L O Y .ASME 5B-l I, specify type.


NICKEI.ASD XICKEI ALLOY ASME SB-160, rpec~fytem,wr
ASME SB-96, specify alloy.
ASME SD-164, specify temper and clan
ASME SB-169, spxify alloy and [emper
ASME SB-166. ipec~fyrrrnper
ASME SB-171, specify alloy.
ASME SB-402, specify alloy. A L L ~ L A.W
M AI.UM1M.M ALLOY ASME SB-211. spec~fy dluy and
temper
Castings

CARBON
STF.EI. ASME SA-194 Grade ?H, mlnlmom requlrernenl.

STEEI.. ASME S.4-217, specify g a d e .


Lnw A u n ~ ALIDYSTFEL A S b E SA-194. spxlfy y a d e .
ASME SA-352. spec~fygrade.
UICKFI.+.DNICKFI.1x1 L O Y ASME SB-160, specify tenner
H I G IALLOY
~ SFEI. ASME SA-351, rpeclfy grade ASME SB-164. specify temper m d cldss
ASME SB-166. specify temper
COPPERAILOY. ASME SB-61 valve bronze
ASME SB-62 casr brass. ALLXflhVM %hT . O A L L w r > l x ,\I.LOY ASME SD-l! 1 . specify alloy 2nd
temper.
GR~Y
IRON ASME SA-278 Class 30 ,
CL

-
0
?'

-- - . c . .., .
-
.. .., -
~.
- ... . _
. .
- I
....
m

Alloy Steels far E l e v a t e d T e m p e r a t u r e Sewice--Table I


Type o f Steel ASTM Specilicationr Appllcalions
- -
- --. -. --- -
"T.1" rqnstructional A 514 8, F, A 517 8 . F Up to 8oOF samilar lo 0.5% chrome, 0.54, moly, b u t
alloys these grades oiler much higher strength. Suilahlefor
p r e s w r e vessels. piping, rotary kiln shells, materials
handling equipment at lemperatures up to 800 F.
C.0.5qb moly A 161 T I : A l f i 2 F 1: 4 ZOA A, 0: Thissleelcan bemoreblghly stressed than carbon steels
A 234C: AZOa TI: A 335 P I : A 3 3 6 u r e d i n the same kindolequlpment. The molyincreares
Fl short tirrle tensiie strength and reducer creep.
0.5% chrome. 0.5% A 213 12; A 335 PZ; A 387 A The moly m i n i m ~ z e lgraphitization in spplicntiljns such
moly ar bcder lubes up la 050 F.
AISI 4140 A 103. 87 .
C ! ~ -.,.,,y
LLI more reristant to csrrcsbon an3 ;rila:ian than
carbon steel. this grade is used l o r bolting petroleum
refinery equipment operating below 1.000 F.
1% chrome-0.5% moly A 182 F 17: A 2 13 112; A335, P 12: The higher chromium h e r e inlproves corrosion and ori-
A 387 8 dalion resistance
1 . 2 5 5 chrome-0.5% A 182 F11: A 1 3 T11; A 2 0 0 111: Maxirnum operating temperature o f 1.100 F.
N
moly A213Tll:A335Pll;A387C
2% chrome.O.Sg moly T3b: A 200T3b: 4 219 T?b
A IQI) T l ~ i r has !he minimum chromium content needed to
rlgnificantly increase corrasian resistance cver carbon
steal. It is a good intermediate between carbon steels
and 5% chramesteels.Mnximum temperalure is 1.15OF.

2.25qbchrome-I%moly A 199 127: A 200 T22: A 2 1 3 122: The higher moly improves short lime tensile and creep
A 335 P22; A ?87 0 strength. Used up to 1,200 F wilh moderale resistarice
to corrosion and oxidation.
2.5% chrome-0.5% A 115'3 T6: A 200 T4 i h e silicon here lncreasez oxidation resistance over that
moly. 0.75% silicon of lesser chrome steels.
3% chrome-!% moly A i P 9 T2t: A 200 T t l . 4 213 T71: Creep strength equivstent to Ihnt of :he 2 . 2 5 1 chrome.
A 335 P21: A 387 E 1% moly, but with improved exidation resistance.
- - -
CODES. STANDARDS. SPECIFICATIONS
Pubblhcd
2 1 DO11 ERS PRESSURE VESSELS C TAKKS Icrml I
by Sld bi0. Welded Stesl Tanks for Oil Slurage. Third ?
ASME Boller m d Pressure Vcuel Code
Secl~unI . Power Bo~lers. ? Edtt~on.!066(suwrsedes API Std I2Cl. I
Section [I. Materials Spec~fications. Sld 660, Heal ~x;nxn~crrfor General Refincry Ser- j
Sect~on111. Nuclear Vessels. vlces. First E d ~ u o n .1964.
Scct~onIV- Hearing Botlcrr. ASME Sld 2550 (ASTM D L:ZMS), Mcarurcmcnt and Cdlt- )
Section VlIl -Pressure Veswls brauan n i Upr~ghlCylindrical Tanks. 1066.
Divl~ionI Std 2551 ( A S M D 1410&5). Measurement md Call-
b n s i o n 2 - hlternar~vcRules bntlon or Horirontai Tanks, 1966.
Section IX. Welbng Qualifications. Std 2 5 5 2 ( A S l X D 140865). Measurcmcnt ard Call-
J brat~onolSpherei and Sphero~ds.IQ6b.
Ijpl
Std 2553 (ASTM D 140745), Mcasuremcnl and Cali-
Materials. Constmcuon. Inst~lllrton,Inspection 2nd U.S.C o ~ r t J
Mmnlenance of Pollerr and Unfired Presnirc Vessels bration of Barges. 1966.
Guard Standard lor Above Ground Storage Tanks ior Hazardous Cndcrwrllcrs'
British Stnndards ' Lqutdr 1.aboratories. Inc
1500: Fusion welded pressure vesscls for u w in
~ 1 0 0 - 7 3 Standard for Weided Stcel Elevaxd Tank$. Aw,,,
rhc chemical, petroleum and d i e d induruies. Srandptper and R e s e ~ o l r sfor Water Storage
P u t 1: 1958 Carhan and low alloy steels.
P u t 3: 1965 Alumin~um.
1515. Fusion welded premre v c x l r (advanced
D. PIPING 3
d e a m and mnrtructioni ior u x in the
chemicai, petroleum and dlicd industries. j
931.1.0Power P~ptngWith Addenda, Ob d Oc
Canadian Sundards 931.2-RICI Gas Piplng
B5 1.1965 . . . . . Code for the Construction and Iniwcuon CSA B3I.3Qctroleum Refinery Ptptng
of Bollers and Pressure Versels B3I.J-Lquid Petroleum Tranrporlarion Piping
.A58.1-1955 Minimum Destg Load3 in Bulldings and LVSI With Addenda 4a
Other Stmcmres, Building Code Requuements for . . . 931.5-Rcfngeralion Piping With Addendum S a
931.7-Nuclear Power Piping Wtth Addenda 7b & 7c
~~ ~- 931.8Gar Transmission and lhrtnbut~on
Piping Systems With Supplcmcnc 8b
Sld 12B.Specification for Bolted ProducOon Tanks, 3
Eleventh Edition, May 1958. i
Std IZD. Specification for Large Weldcd Production
Tanks, Seventh Edition, Aug. 1957.
1i
E. PIPES. TCDES
J
St4 I ZE, ~pec~i~rcation for W d e n Production Tanks, i -.
Sixth Edition. Oct. 1956. B36.lC-1070 WrouglltSfeel .md
Std 1ZF. Sprcrfication for S d Welded Production ' W~uilghtIron 1'1pe
Tanks, Fifth Edition, Mar. 196 1. B36.19.1965 Strtnless Stcei Plpe
Std lU,SpeLificaIion for Oil and C ~ s S e p u s r o r r ,
%d Edition, Mar. 1962. i'
Std l?K, Spectication for Indirect-Typc Oil Field Std 630, Tube and Header D~menstonsfor Flrrd Heaters '
Heaters, Third Edition, Mar. 1962.
for Refiner?. Services, Second Edlt~on.1961 PAPI
Std 12M, Specification for Oil Field T h e n a l Recovery Std 640. Tube D ~ m c n r ~ a nfor
s Hrar E x ~ h a n ~ e r s
Steam Generaton (Tentative). Fust Edition. Mar. 1966.
iI I
(Tentatlvei Ftrst F h u o n . 1959
RP 510, Recommended Pracuce for Inspection, R e p w ,
and Rating of Unfired hersure Vessels in Service in
Petroleum Retinertes, Firs1 Edition, 1998.
Std 620, Recommended Rules for Dmgn and Con-
struction o f h g e , Welded, Low-Presarre Storage Tanks,
n i r d E&oon, 1966. J
-
WEL,,,<D STEEL TANKS FOR OIL S T O R A G E TESTING
Summary of Malor requucments of A?!. Standard 650, Fdrh E d ~ l # o n1973
, BY ztr pressure rot vacuum :)sing qoapruds. Itnreedoll. or ?]her sulrable rnatenal
and Supplement 1973. for the dcrectron o i leaks'
SCOPE INSPECTION
This spenficstion coverc material, d c a w , iahncatlon, erecrlon, and tesrinp re.
R~drographrc lncpection shall be confined lo rank shrll ;o,nrs spec~fiedl o havc
qulremcnrs for verrlcal cyllndncal nbovrground, closed and open-fop, welded
complere penerratton and fus~on.pdrr~cularly:he w n l u l jotnts.
steel storage lank in various sizes and capacrricr, for tnrernal pressures approxi-
mating atmospheric pressures.
S e c t ~ o n dlospecrlon shall be conlincd to honzontd welded tank sheU jotnts
where complete penerration and fuuon have nor been spec~fied.
MATERIAL
I. OPENINGS AND APPURTENANCES
Plates shall conform to one of the followng s p e c ~ f i c a t ~ o n sAS^ A jib, A 293 Manway. Cleanout. R u r h Type Bolted Door Sheet, Waler Drawoff Elbow.
C and D, A 2 8 5 C, A 131 A, B and C, A 442, A 516, A 537. A 573. A 6 6 2
Drawoff Sump. Scaffold Cable Support. Inlet, Ourler. Overllow, venrlng PIJI-
WELDED JOINTS iorm. Walkway. S t a i r w y
The rype of j o ~ n r sar n r l o u s iocatronr h a l l be as follows.
\PPENDICES OF API STASDAKD 650
Shell Vertical I o i n u
APPENDIX A Reference and Typxcal D e a p b r a i T y p ~ w ls ~ z e sc, a p a c ~ l ~ c s
Double-welded butt jointc with complere penerrallon and fusron or jolnts of
and Shell-Plate Thicknews.)
1 APPENDiX B Foundawn.
1 Shell Horizontal Joints APPEIUBIX C Roarxng Roofs.
i Altemalc Design Basis for Tank Shells-
I For a d u t a n r , of 3 inches on each side of all r r r i c a l : o h , j u n i r ~ r nd o t ~ b l i - APPENDIX D
( welded burr joint with complete penerntion and ("<on APPESDIX E Use of AP1 Monogram.
APPENDIX F Design of Ta& lor Small Internal Pressures.
The rernalnder of the jotnls if the t h i c k n e s of either plate is 318 rn or less,
L - APPENDIX G H i g h - S r r c ~Design for Tank She:is.
single or double-welded butt joint w t h fizU p n e r r a t ~ o nand fumon If the
thickness of borh joining plales are greater than 318 in., sln@e-welded bull APPEIUDIX H Covered Roaring Roois.
~ o ~ wn tlh complerc penerration a n d iuuon or double-welded butt joint wirh APPENDIX J S h o p k n l b l e d Storage Tanks.
APPENDIX K Altemare Procedure for Calcul~tingTank Shell T h c k n e r s .
at least :wo-thlrdr penelratlon.
Roof P l r r u VOTES
S i d e - w e l d e d full-fillet lap joinr According to [he follownwlng study "*I Standard 650 and Appendix WIU no1

I Borlom Plrtcs accurarely predrct shell s t r e w s m very larse s:orsge tanks."


Single-welded full-fillet lap Joint or single-welded butt jomr with backing L. P. Zick xnd R. V McCrarh New D e n p Approach far Lzrge Scora:e T~ankc.
) strtp. Hydrocarbon Process:np, May 1968. Vol. 47. No. 5.

i Roof to the T o p Angle


I LOW TEMPERATURE STORAGE VESSELS
Conrrnuous fdlet weld on the top s ~ d eonly
L. P. Zick and Me- B C l a p p How to Spectfy Low Temperarue Storage
i Botrom lo Shell Vessels. Hydrocarbon Rocessmg, and Petroleum Refiner, June 1901, Val.
Corit~nuousfrllet weld lard on each n d e of the ~ h e l i - ~ l a r e sThe rlze o f each 4 3 , No. 6
w l d st1311 be not greater lilan 1:,' In and not lens than the thlcknew of rhe APPEXDIX I
j
h e r plsre, nor less than the ioUowmg vllues
of API. Standard 610 for Welded Slccl T a n h lor Oil Storspc
(Inch-)
I Tliclmew of Shcll Phrc Min. size of ill^^ weld
3is . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ye
SCOPE
OvcrYeto% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Z.
Over 4; to 1% . . . . . . . . . . . . . h s appendix prondes deslgn and fabriatron specificstions for vertrcal srordge
Over 1% ro 1% .................... ,.. . . . . . ?8 se u n k o f cuch size as to pernut complete chop arrembiy and dehvery to the msalla-
I The botrom plares shall projecr ar leas1 1 ~n w d t h beyond [he ~ ~
O U I T I edqe aon slre In one pleco. Storsge tanks designed on rhrs basis are not to exceed 20 fl.
of the weld artachrng the bottom to ae shell-plate m diameter within scope of M I Standard 650.

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ANSI h API melsllic pounng 5tandnrdr I
, 8,

I
ANSI A 40.5 Threated cast-iron pjpe ior drainage. vent, and ANSIIASTM B 407 h ~ c r e l - ~ r o n - c h r o m i udlloy
m reamless pl,w and
waste 5ervlces tube
- ANSIIASTM A 74 Cast-iron soil plpe and f ~ n n g s ANSVASTM B 423 Nickel-tron chromium-molybnenum-copper alloy
ANSIIASTM A 142 Cast-iron culvert pipe - seamless prpe and r u ~ c
ANSIIASTM A 71 6 Ductile-iron culvert pipe ANSUASTM B 444 Nickel-chromium-molvbaer~um-col~~mn~um allov
ANSllAWLVA C 101 Thickness design o i cast-iron pioe seamless prpe and tube
A N S l l . 4 W A C 150 Thickness design o i ductlie-rron p l w ANSUASTM B 445 N~ckel-chrom~um-~ron-coiumh~um-moIvbdenun~-
Fuei
831 ANSIIAWVA C 106 Cast-#run ptpe centrriug~llv cart I r metal molds tungsten alloy seamless pipe an0 tuhe
Che for water or other l~quids ANSIIASTM 3 513 Supplementarb rgrllremenls ior n!ike;-alio\~
B3!: A N S I I A W A C 108 Cast-~ron plpe centriiugally cast In sand-i~nec seamlPss p ~ p eand l u w lor rruclear appl~cat~ons
Llq" molds ior water or other liquids ANSUASTM B 51.1 Welded nickel-jron-chrom~umallov p ~ p e
la: A N S l i A b % V i C i12 2 4 . and ?'/.-in. cast-iron p ! p , centr~iugallvcar1 ANSUASTM B Dl7 \Welded nickel-chromium-ron a!!? pipe
831 ior water or other liquids
Rerr~
531 A N S I I A W A C 115 Flanged cast-iron and ductile-iron prpe wrth A L U M I N U M A N D A L U M I N U M ALLOY PlPE A N D T U B I N G
VUCI threaded flanges ANSIIASTM B 210 Alumrnum-allay drawn seamless tubes
A N S I I A W A C 15 1 Ductiie-iron pipe. centriiugally caP In metai ANSUASTM B 221 Alum~num-allayextruded bars, rods, wlre shapes,
molds or sand-lined molds ior warer or other ltq- and rubes
irids ANSIIASTM B 241 Aluminum-alloy seamless pipe and >earnless ex-
Car
"U
truded t u k
STEEL PIPE FOR LOW-TEMPERATURE SERVICE ANSIIASTM B 31 1
B3t Alum~num-.~llov round wcldrd ruhrs
Bu~lc A~.,SI ASTM A 333 Seamless and welded steel pipe ror low-tempera- ANSIIALTM B 345 Alun7ln~maltob <elmlrss ext r,led tube and
03 l turc serv~ce searnlesr pfpe tor gal. and oil rransm~rs~on
and
Crrr
s, ANSI>p,ST&+A 671 ~ l e c t r ~ c - ~ u s rweldtd
on PIP tor afmospherlc d~str~bulton prprrrg syclemr ].me
Suu.S3 lower temperatures ; AhSIIASTM D 483 Alumrnun~allo\ drawn tu3ec lor general purpose =
(I0
iic. FERRITIC-ALLOY P I P I N G A N D T U B I N G i/ ANSIIASTM B 547
applicat~ons
Aluminum-allov i o r m d and arc-welded round
/
an
w AhSllASTM A 268 Seamless and welded ferrrt~cstainless-steel tub~ng ii tube
811 Seamless ierritic-ailoy steel plpr ;or hiph-rcmper-
AhSIIASTM A 335
Culd~ COPPER A N D COPPER ALLOY PIPE A N D T U B I U G
?or
ature service I
PIP ANSIIASTM A 369 Ferrltlc-alloy steel-iorged and bored plpe ior h ~ g i - ! ANSIIASTM B 42 eam!ess copper plpe, ctandard ,Ires. hard drawn
- tempt?rature service : ANSL'ASTLl B 43 Seamiest red brass PIP, star1da.d sizes, annealcu
ANSIIASTM A 405 Seamless ferritic-alloy steel pipe speciaiii ileat- I ANSIIASTM B 60 Seamless copper tube, brrghr annealed
can
treatel ior high-temperature service i ANSIIASTM B 75 Seamless copper tube, annealed or drawn
ccdc Cuntriirrgally cast ierritic-allov steel pipe ior hlgh-
ASSII4STM A 426 i ANSIIASTM B BB Seamless copper warer t u w
~PPI temperature service ANSIIASTM R 135
j Seamless brass tuhe
sel C Seamless ierritic-avrtenitic a l o y steel tubes
ANSIIASTM A 669 i NSIIASTM B 165 hrckel-copper-alloy seamless plpe and tube
para
j ANSliASTU I3 251 General requlrrments for wrought jfamless con-
ior NICKEL A N D NICKEL ALLOY PlPE A N D T U B I N G per and copper-allov tune
boil1
ANSIIASTM 3 161 Nickel seamless pipe and tube / ANSIIASTV B 200 Seamless copper t u k lor reirigeration tleid cer-
the I I
AUSIlASTM B 165 Nickel-copper alloy seamless pipe and tube vice
ANSIIASTM B 1 6 i Nrckel-chromium-rron a l l o ~ seaniesr plpe and Threadless copper p l w
tub Copper dra~nagetube ID\Wl
ANSliASTM B 315 Copper-stlicon-alloy seamless p i p and tube
ANSliASTM B 447 Welded copper tube
ANSllASTM B 466 Seamless copper-n~ckelplpe and tube
ANSI/AST,U B 467 Welded copper-nrckel p ~ p eand tube
ANSIIASTM B 469 Copper-lron allov tubes ior pressure applications
ANSIIASTM B 543 Welded copper and copper-alloy tube
ANSIIASTM B 552 Seamless and welded copper-nickel tubes ior wa-
ter desalting plants
ANSIIASTM B 587 Welded brass tube
ANSIIASTM B 608 Welded copper-alloy PlPe

AUSTENlTlC STAINLESS-STEEL PIPE A N D T U B I N G


ANSI 836.19 Stamless-steel pipe
ANSIIASTM A 269 Seamless and welded austenitic stainless-steel
tubtng ior general services
ANSIIASTM A 270 Seamless and welded austen~tic stainless-steel
sanltary t u b ~ n g
ANSIIASTM A 171 Seamless austenitic-steel still tubes for reiinery
service
ANSIIASTM A 312 Seamless and welded austenitic stainless-steel
pipe
ANSIIASTM A 358 Electric-iusion-welded austenitic chromium-
ntckel-alloy steel pipe for high-iemperature ser-
vice
ANSIIASTM A 376 Seamless austenilic-steel pipe ior high-tempera-
ture central-stat~onservice
ANSIIASTM A 409 Weldcd large-diameter light-wall austenitic chro-
m~um-nickelallov steel pipe for corrosive or high-
temFrature service
AiUSIIASTM h 130 ~ustenitic-steeliorged and bored pipe for high-
temperature service
ANSI:ASTIM h 450 General requirements for carbon, ferritic, and
austenitic tubes
ANSIIASTM A 451 Centrifugally cast ausienltic-steel pipe for hlgh-
temperature service
N S I I A S T M A 452 Centr~iugallycast austenitic cold-wrought pipe ior
h~gh-tem~erature servrce
ANSIIASTM A 530 General requirements for specialized carbon and
allov steel pipe
ANSIIASTM A 632 Seamless and welded austen~tic stainless-steel
tubing
.ANSI/ASTM A 651 Sta~nless-steelwater-DWV tubes
AKSIIASTM A 569 Seamless :e:r~t~c-austenltic-alloy steel tubes
~ ~ ~~-.
PI KI I522 0.10--0.20 0.10--0.00 0.045 0.045 0.10-0 50 ... 0.44-0.65 ...
P2 K11547 010.-0.10 0.10-0.0t 0.045 0.045 0.10-0.30 0.50-0.01 0.44.-11.65 ...
PS K41545 0.15 ma* 0.30-0.60 0.010 0.030 0.50 max 4 (K)-6.00 0.45--0.65 ...
PSh K5154S 0.15 mar 0.30-0.60 U.010 0.030 1 - 2 . 4.w-6.00 0.45-0.65 ...
P5r K41245 0.12 ma* 0.10-0.60 0.030 0.030 0.50 rnax 4.00-6 00 0.45 0.65 .."
P7 KblS95 0.15 m m Oln-0.h0 0.010 0.030 0.50-llm 6.W-0.w 0 44.-0.65
i.9 ~ ~ 1 5 9 0 0.15 m a r 0.10--0.60 0010 0.010 0.25-1.m 8.m-10.00 0.90-1 10 .,,
PI 1 ..Kl IS97 0.15 mar 0.10-0.60 0.030 0.010 0.50-1.00 1.M--1.50 0.44-0.65 ..
PI2 K1 1562 0.15 "la* 0.30-0 61 0.045 0.045 0.50 mar 0.00-1 25 044.0.65 ...
PI5 K11578 O.ISnlax 0.10-0.60 0.010 0.030 1.15-1.65 ... 0.44-0.6s ...
P21 Kll545 0.15 max 0 10-0.6U 0010 0.010 0.50mnx 2.65-3.35 0.00-1.116 ...
P22 K21190 0 15 mar 0.30-0.60 0.010 0.010 0.50 nlar 1.90--2.60 0.n7-1.13 ...
--
'Nrw drsiqnation crlai,lirhni in arc<nrlancc will) ASTM F 527 arld SAF: 11006. RrcommmdeI Prarticr 5 r N t f m l ~ r i a ~
Mrlalr anrl Albyr (UNO.
'C,rarlr 1'1~%hnllhavr a l i t a u i ~ ~ronlrnl
m oi tnnr Ir%slhar~4 timer Ilr rarlx,!, conlcnl arwi nal r r ~ r x r!Inan 0 70.5: or a colun>l,ium corlln,~of R to
t0 timr, IIWcnrlwn con~lenl.
Speciflcadohl Rhd Whdards
for dimensll)hgl duldance

N O I E 5 lrclerring l o ANSI 831.11:


..'.f '-
',.!ir.l
.
., -
,
'.
', , ..
( I ) ASblE SA, SR. a h 1 SFA S ~ i f l c n l l o n,hall ~ be used Iw b o l l f f e r l W s k d ) p l h ~ a s h e n d i n Para. 100.i .2lAl.
121 ro, all othcr piping, nnntwlal~conlarmin~ to an ASMF SA a SB S & l ~ ~ t ! h m!y k' uwd !nierchangeably will1 n~alerialrpecifiecl to a n
ASTM A or R Sperllicatlon of the same n u m t r r llslcd I n Table I?6<,t;j'2. ! 5 '

~ ~ f w nih\3'
11) I l > h a p p r o w d year n l I r w e o l the spxilications and Slandnrds Id
C&. .:,:F*;+y, < . , ': *.
lrl labie. 1l;is lnlormeilon is glven i n A p p n d l u F 01 thir
t--
ASTM Ferrolns ha'~$~~~i
Sqclnte~lin~

I'ilc .- %P
~II 101 lllgl> T ~ n l p .S - t ~ i r e Pipel-~elded

A 106 Catlmn 51-1 A 134 Arc-Welded S l w l Plate 16 in. & over


A 115 Frrrllic Alloy 5 1 e I A 135 Flwlric.Rerldance W d r l r d SlccI
A 376 Au$trnilir Cenlral Slatiolr Srrvire A 139 Arc-Wplded S l w l 4 in. 8 over
A 405 I r r r i l i c Alloy S ~ ~ c lIlr.al
a l Tr~alnl A 155 Arc.Wrlded Slpd 101 11.7. SCN~LP
A 211 Spiral W e l d r d !;(re1 or Iron
A 358 A r ~ . W r l d e dCr-NI Alloy 1i.T. Service
1 1'81~. - 5 ~ d l l d r 5 5h W ~ f l i d
I A 5) Carlnu Stwl
A 121) Dldrk L Zinc Coaled IOnlinaty O w l Pip-rotged & Oored H.T. Service
A 112 Austmitic Slainlesr S l w l

I A I11
A f .ill
C a r t m l S t e l [low Temp. Sprvic?)
Qncral Rcquitpmenlr lor S j x c i a l i r a l C a h n & Al-
loy Sleel P i p
A 369
A 430
rerrilic Alloy S l e l
Avrlenilic Slalnlerr S l w l

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14.1 TYPES OF HEAT EXCHANGERS

Heat exchangers in the United Srates arc normally dcsigncd according to thc
Standards of Tubular Exchanger Manufacturn Association ITEMA)' and the
ASME Code, VLII. In general. TEMA q u i r e m e n u arc a supplemenr to the
AS.W requirements, for they tend to include arcas not discussed in the ASME.
Most of the TEMA design equations relate to rubesheet design when affected by
differential pressure and temperature. expansion joinu, busUes. and %I on.
TEUA uses alphabetical designation to differentiate betwcen various rypes of
hequmrly used components. This is illuscratcd in Fig. 14.1. The componcnfs
can be interchanged to form a wide variery of heat exchanger configurations. as
s h o w in Fig. 14.2.
Tbei rules, which apply to three diicrcnt classes of construction depending
on th wvetiry of d c e , are n f e m d to as R. C, or B. A ~mmar/of the
d i f i m bewceo t h a t clarws is given in Table 14.1.

ToMa 14.1 Sorn lWAA Requirements of Classes R, C, and B &changers


..
. . ... . .. . . Cl=
Pmpph R C B
*a 1.12 S c v c ~ ~ Mcderare Gncd
Cormsion allowance 1.15 bin. in. & in.
(* -1)
Shell diam&~ 3.3 8-60 in. 6-60 in. 6-60 in.
Minimum thickness of 4.42 !in. j in. carbon f io. carbon
longl~dinalbaifte steel steel
in. alloys in. alloys
htinimum tie rod 4.71 i in. i in. t in.
diameter
R c f d garkct 6.32 None None
cooran m-act
tolerance
I -
Mmrmum bolt size 10.1 . -ii. j I n.
r

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.7-,,*- ,,.=< us."?
RADlATION
PROTECTION

How to handle sealed


radioactive
, substances
RADIATION
PROTECTION
How to handle sealed
radioactive substances
I n t reduction

Many r a d l o m e t r l c measuring systems a r e b e i n g used today i n i n d u s t r y f o r


v e r y d i f f e r e n t t a s k s , e s p e c i a l l y f o r measuring, m o n i t o r i n g and c o n t r o l
purposes. The reason f o r t h i s i s t h a t r a d i o m e t r i c measuring methods can
o f t e n be used when c o n v e n t i o n a l measuring t e c h n i q u e s cannot, due t o
t e c h n i c a l and p h y s i c a l reasons. I n a d d i t i o n , r a d i o m e t r i c measurements
o f f e r a h i g h degree o f o p e r a t i o n a l s a f e t y , s i n c e t h e y a r e n o t a f f e c t e d
by any chemical o r most o f t h e p h y s i c a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f t h e p r o d u c t
t o be measured.

C' R a d i o n e t r ' i c measuring systems use r a d i o a c t i v e substances o f d i f f e r e n t


t y p e s and a c t i v i t l e s , w h i c h a r e b e s t s u i t e d f o r each r e s p e c t i v e
measuring t a s k . The a p p l i c a t i o n of these r a d i o x t i v e m a t e r i a l s i s
r e g u l a t e d by law t o p r e v e n t improper h a n d l i n g and t h u s exposure of t h e
personnel t o t h e p o t e n t i a l l y h a r m f u l r a d i a t i o n . P r o p e r l y trained
r a d i a t i o n p r o t e c t i o n o f f i c i a l s have t o make s u r e t h a t these r e g u l a t i o n s
a r e f o l l o w e d and c a r r i e d o u t a d e q u a t e l y . The necessary s p e c i a l knowledge
cen be a c q u i r e d i n seminars w h i c h a r e o f f e r e d by d i f f e r e n t i n s t i t u t i o n s ,
sometinies a l s o by ccmpanies w h i c h s u p p l y r a d i o m e t r i c measuring systerns.

For o t h e r people who o c c a s i o n a l l y ccme i n c o n t a c t w i t h r a d i o a c t i v e


substances, i t i s a l s o a d v i s a b l e t o be a c q u a i n t e d w i t h t h e t e c h n i c a l
aspects o f r a d i a t i o n p r o t e c t i o n .

The aim o f t h i s paper i s t o i n f o r m t h e reader about t h e b a s i c p r i n c i p l e s


o f r a d i a t i o n p r o t e c t i o n , t o o f f e r the p o s s i b i l i t y o f minimizing
r a d i a t i o n exposure and t o c a r r y o u t s i m p l e r a d i a t i o n protection
c a l c u l a t i o n s . Bas3d on t h i s kncwledge, sGme b a s i c l a w s f o r r a d i a t i o n
p r o t e c t i o n and t h e p o s s i b i l i t y o f p r a c t i a l a p p l i . c a t i o n can be o b t a i n e d .
For p r a c t i c a l c a l c u l a t i o n s we have emphasized t h e f r e q u e n t l y used gamma
sources, which f i n d a p p l i c a t i o n , f o r e:<ample, i n l e v e l gauging and
d e n s i t y measuring systems.

Wildbad, October 1989 Karl Heier


R a d i a t i o n i n v o l v e s e i t h e r p a r t i c l e r a d i a t i o n c o n s i s t i n g of p r o t o n s ,
neutrons o r e l e c t r o n s , o r e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c wave r a d i a t i o n , such as l i g h t
o r radiawaves. The spectrum o f e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c waves may range from
long-wave r a d i o - r a d i a t i o n t o v i s i b l e l i g h t and short-wave X - r a d i a t i o n t o
gamma and cosmic r a d i a t i o n .

Spectrum o f e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c waves

The e m i t t e d n u c l e a r r a d i a t i o n shows d i f f e r e n t energy l e v e l s , w h i c h a r e


s p e c i f i e d i n e l e c t r o n - v o l t s (eV). The energy o f p a r t i c l e r a d i a t i o n
depends p r i m a r i l y on t h e k i n e t i c energy of t h e p a r t i c l e , and i n t h e case
of e i e c t r o m a g n e t i c wave r a d i a t i o n on t h e wavelength ( f r e q u e n c y ) which
can be equated w i t h a c o r r e s p o n d i n g energy i n eV. I ,

1.2 T y ~ e sand C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f N u c l e a r R a d i a t i o n

Alpha-radiation involves p a r t i c l e radiation, i.e. e l e c t r i c a l l y charged


p a r t i c l e s o f an atom.

(. These p a r t i c l e s a r e r e l a t i v e l y l a r g e , so t h a t t h e i n t e r a c t i o n w i t h o t h e r
atoms i s h i g h ; a l p h a - r a d i a t i o n , t h e r e f o r e , o n l y t r a v e l s a s h o r t d i s t a n c e
( f o r example, a p p r o x i m a t e l y 5 - 6 cm i n a i r ) . The p e n e t r a t i n g c a p a c i t y
o f t h i s t y p e o f r a d i a t i o n i s so low t h a t i t can be c o m p l e t e l y absorbed
by a sheet of paper l e s s t h a n 0.1 mrn t h i c k .

The human body is sufficiently protected against external


a l p h z - r a d i a t i o n by t h e s k i n . Alpha-radi-ation, however, w i l l become
dangerous i f i t g e t s i n t o ' t h e body through b r e a t h i n g , e a t i n g o r open
wounds. I f i t comes j n t o c l o s e c o n t a c t w i t h s e n s i t i v e t i s s u e s i n t h e
human body, i t nay cause a g r e a t d e a l of damage.

bet^-radiation a l s o i n v o l v e s p a r t i c l e r a d i a t i o n , i n t h i s case c o n s i s t i n g
o f e l e c t r o n s which have a r e l a t i v e l y small mess and t h e r e f o r e a h i g h e r
p e n e t r a t i o n t h a n a1 p h a - r a d i a t i o n . The p e n e t r a t i o n depeqds on t h e energy
and i s r o u g h l y i n v e r s e l y p r o p o r t i o n a l t o t h e d e n s i t y o f t h e substance.

The maximum p a t h i n a i r can be up t o approximately 10 m; i n paper i t is


10 nm and i n aluminium a p p r o x i m a t e l y 4 mm.
Iypes of radioactive decay
(schematic configuration)

Alpha-particles
(nuclear component)

Beta-particles , .

(electron)

Gamma-radiation
(waves radiation)

Neutron
(nuclear component)
Half-Life Period

Due t o t h e r a d i o a c t i v e decay t h e a c t i v i t y o f a source decreases


a c c o r d i n g t o s p e c i f i c p h y s i c a l l a w s . The t i m e i n which a source l o s e s
h a l f of i t s o r i g i n a l a c t i v i t y ( A O ) i s r e f e r r e d t o as t h e h a l f - l i f e of
t h e source (HLT).

>- years

The c u r r e n t a c t i v i t y ( A ) after a c e r t a i n time period (t) i s calcdlated


as f o l l o w s :

For some o f t h e more i m p o r t a n t s o u r c e s t h e f o l l o w i n g h a l f l i v e s ca'n be


given:

Co-60 - 5.3 years


Cs-137 - 30 years.
Am-241 - 458 years

Examples o f c a l c u l a t i o n s :

What i s t h e c u r r e n t activity i n percent after 10 years with the


f o l l o w i n g sources?

a) f o r Co-60
-.693 x 10/5.3
A = Ao x 100% x e ==

b) f o r Cs-137
Dose E q u i v a l e n t

Even w i t h t h e energy dose b e i n g t h e same, i o n i z i n g r a y s may have v a r y i n g


degrees of b i o l o g i c a l e f f e c t i v e n e s s i n body t i s s u e . To assess t h i s
v a r y i n g b i o l o g i c a l e f f e c t f o r d i f f e r e n t k i n d s of r a d i a t i o n , a s o - c a l l e d
Q - f a c t o r ( r e l a t i v e b i o l o g i c a l e f f e c t f a c t o r ) i s used.

The energy dose m u l t i p l i e d by t h e Q-factor g i v e s t h e dose e q u i v a l e n t ,


which l i k e t h e energy dose i s nowadays i n d i c a t e d i n J o u l e s p e r k g (must
n o t be i n d i c a t e d i n Gy, s i n c e t h i s t e r m should e x c l u s i v e l y a p p l y t o t h e
energy dose). The dose e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 Joule/kg may a l s o be expressed by
1 S i e v e r t (Sv).

The t e r m rem is still being used which expresses the following


r e 1a t i o n s h i p :

1 rem = 10-2 J / k g = 10-2 sv

1 mrem = 0 . 0 1 mJ/kg = 10 n i c r o s v
I

To c o n v e r t d i f f e r e n t t y p e s o f r a d i a t i o n f r c m energy dose to dose


e q u i v a l e n t , t h e f o l l o w i n g Q - ( Q u a l i t y ) - f a c t o r s must be used:
(..-
A1 pha-radi a t i o n - Q-factor = 10 t o 20

Beta- and gamma-radi a t i o n - Q-factor = 1

Neutrons, depending on energy - Q-factor = 3 t o 10 * )

r ) &: I f t h e energy i s n o t known, cse t h e Q-factor 10.


The f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c gamma-radiation c o n s t a n t s ( k ) apply to the
sources most f r e q u e n t l y used i n i n d u s t r i a l a p p l i c a t i o n s :

Nucl i d e
I k (old) k (new)

f o r Co-60

f o r Cs-137 0.35

f o r Am-241 0.02

mrem x m2 pSv x m2
dimensions
h x mCi h x MBq

Examoles o f c a l c u l a t i o n s : The dose r a t e o f a Co-60 source with


an a c t i v i t y of 5 m C i o r 185 MBq
r e s p e c t i v e l y i n a d i s t a n c e o f 50 cm
i s t o be' c a l c u l a t e d :

370 MEq x 0.365 pSv x m2


= = 540 . ~ S v / h
(0.5 rn)2 x h x MBq

1O.mCi x 1.35 rnrem x m2


G = = 54 rnrem/h
(0.5 rnI2 x h x m C i

The dose r a t e s c a l c u l a t e d w i t h t h e above formulae a r e v a l i d f o r


u n s h i e l d e d sources. I f a s h i e l d i n g i s used, t h e dos2 r a t e i s reduced.

I f t h e a c t i v i t y c f a s o u r c e i s unknown, i t can be c a l c u l a t e d b y means o f


t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g gaxrna-radiation c o n s t a n t 'from t h e dose r a t e measured
a t a known d i s t a n c e f r o m t h e source.
The l a y e r t h i c k n e s s i n which t h e o r i g i n a l dose r a t e i s reduced by h a l f
i s r e f e r r e d t o as h a l f - v a l u e l a y e r (HVL). The c o r r e s p o n d i n g weakenlng
f a c t o r ( s ) f o r a c e r t a i n m a t e r i a l t h i c k n e s s ( d ) can be c a l c u l a t e d as
follows:

Please n o t e , t h a t t h e s i z e o f t h e h a l f - v a l u e l a y e r depends on t h e e x t e n t
o f t h e r a d i t i o n f i e l d and t h e r e f o r e i t i s v a l i d only f o r a speciflc
measuring geometry.

For Co-60, Cs-137 and Am-241 t h e f o l l o w i n g h a l f - v a l u e t h i c k n e s s e s can be


s p e c i f i e d f o r t h e most i m p o r t a n t s h i e l d i n g m a t e r l a l s :

Material HVL f o r : Co-60 Cs- 137 Am-241

Water 210 mm 180 mm 40 mm

Concrete 110 mm 90 mm 15 mm

Steel 29 mm 22 mrn 0.8 mm


I

Lead 14 mm 7 mm 0.13 mm

Tungsten 9 mm 6 mm --

The above v a l u e s a r e average v a l u e s common i n i n d u s t r i a l a p p l i c a t i o n s .

Based on t h e known f o r m u l a e , a c a l c u l a t i o n o f t h e r a d i a t i o n dose t o be


expected c a n now be c a r r i e d o u t .

A source w i t h 10 m C i Co-60 i s i n s t a l l e d i n a l e a d - s h i e l d i n g o f 67 mm
t h i c k n e s s . O p e r a t i o n s , w h i c h may l a s t f o r about 30 min, have t o be
c a r r i e d o u t a t a d i s t a n c e o f 50 cm.

0.693 x d/HVL 0.693 x 67/14


h'eakening f a c t o r : s = e = e 27.6

A x k x T 370 x 0.365 x 0.5


R a d i a t i o n dose: 0 -- = 9.8 ~ S V
a2 x s 0.52 x 27.6
The maximum p o s s i b l e dose r a t e b o f an Am-Be-241 source w i l l be

Examole: Neutron source Am-Be-241, 300 m C i


5
Neutron e m i s s i o n 7 . 5 x 10 n/s

Dose r a t e i n 1 rn distance

7.5 x 10" 75 '


Fo = --- - 5.97 n/cm2 x sec
4 fii/ x 1002 12.56
Depending on t h e degree o f o c c u p a t i o n a l exposure, t h e personnel i s
c l a s s i f i e d i n d i f f e r e n t c a t e g o r i e s . ~ h e s edose r a t e v a l u e s , recommended
by i n t e r n a t i o n a l agencies, a r e t h e b a s i s o f t h e R a d i a t i o n P r o t e c t i o n
Regulations.

Persons Not Exposed occupation all^

The general p u b l i c must n o t be exposed t o an annual dose exceeding 5


mJ/kg = 5 mSv (0.5 rem).

Persons Exposed occupation all^ - Cateaory B

Persons who a r e exposed t o an annual dose of more t h a n 5 mJ/kg = 5 msv


( 0 . 5 rem) b u t l e s s t h a n 15 mJ/kg = 15 mSv (1.5rem) b e l o n g t o t h e
c a t e g o r y 0 . The body doses a r e recorded b u t medical examination i s o n l y
r e q u i r e d when h a n d l i n g open r a d i o a c t i v e sources. Please n o t e t h a t d u r i n g
any q u a r t e r t h e body dose must n o t exceed f i f t y p e r c e n t o f t h e annual
dose.

Fers6ns Exposed O c c u p a t i o n a l l y - Category A

Persons who a r e exposed t o an annual dose exceeding 15 mJ/kg = 15 mSv - -


(1.5 rem) must be c l a s s i f i e d i n c a t e g o r y A. The maximum p e r m i s s i b l e
r a d i a t i o n dose f o r t h e s e persons i s 50 mJ/kg = 50 mSv ( 5 rem) p e r annup.
The person doses a r e t o be determined by means o f o f f i c i a l l y e v a l u a t e d
dosemeters. A medical e x a m i n a t i o n once a year i s mandatory. I n t h i s
case, t o o , t h e body dose p e r q u a r t e r must n o t exceed f i f t y p e r c e n t of
t h e annual dose.

O c c u p a t i o n a l l y exposed persons o f c a t e g o r y A must be examined by an


a u t h o r i z e d p h y s i c i a n ; o c c u p a t i o n a l l y exposed persons o f c a t e g o r y 0 o n l y
i f t h e y h a n d l e open r a d i o a c t i v e substances. T h i s examination i s repeated
once a year. F u r t h e r employment i n t h e c o n t r o l a r e a i s o n l y p e r m i t t e d
a f t e r a c e r t i f i c a t e o f a u t h o r i t y has been granted.
<.-

Tabie o f a1 lowed Dose


classification

dose i n mSv p e r year

whole body, head and t r u n k

hands, forearms, f e e t and a n k l e s

N = not c l a s s i f i e d people
A = c l a s s i f i e d people c a t e g o r y A
B = c l a s s i f i e d people c a t e g o r y B
Degending on t h e dose t h e f o l l o w i n g e f f e c t s may r e s u l t when t h e whole
body i s exposed t o r a d i a t i o n f o r a s h o r t term:

Dose I Effect

up t o 0.2 Sv (20 rem) no e f f e c t e v i d e n t

up t o 1 Sv (100 rern) s l i g h t changes o f t h e b l o o d


s t r u c t u r e , b u t no s e r i o u s
damage i s 1 ik e l y t o occur

up t o 2 Sv (200 rem) r a d i a t i o n hang-over, v o m i t i n g ,


s e r i o u s i l l n e s s p o s s i b l e , good
chance o f r e c u p e r a t i o n

2 - 6 Sv (200-600 rem) , increase i n mortality

more t h a n 6 Sv (600 rem) no chance o f s u r v i v a l

Permanent cxposure t o r a d i a t i o n w i t h even d i s t r i b u t i o n w - i l l cause much


l e s s damage, due t o t h e r e g e n e r a t i v e c a p a c i t y of l i v i n g organisms, b u t
i- may n e v e r t h e l e s s l e a d t o c h r o n i c i l l n e s s e s , such as leukemia o r cancer.
T h i s i s a l s o t h e case i f t h e body i s exposed o n l y once t o a h i g h dose o f
raaiztion.

G e n e t i c R e d i a t i o n Darnaee i s caused by changes i n t h e r e p r o d u c t i v e c e l l s


and can l e a d t o m u t a t i o n s . A l o w e r l i m i t f o r t h e p r o b a b i l i t y o f
m u t a t i o n s cannot be s p e c i f i e d . I n assessing t h i s l i m i t , however, i t i s
necessary t o t a k e i n t o c o n s i d e r a t i o n t h e n z i u r a l r a d i a t i o n (cosmic and
t e r r e s t r i a l r a d i a t i o n ) t o w h i c h human beings a r e exposed,.and which nay
be q u i t e h i g h i n c e r t a i n a r e a s .

The a c c e p t a b l e dose r z t e f o r h a n d l i n g r a d i o a c t i v s sourcss has been


specified i n the Radiation P r o t e c t i o n Regu!atior\s; so t h a t the
p r o b a b i l i t y o f scrnztic damages o r a d d i t i o n a l changes o f t h e g e n e t i c
m a t e r i a l i s low.
Scintillation counter
With this detector flashes of light are generated in a crystal by the
radiation received; these flashes are registered at the photo cathode of
a photo mu1 tip1 ier and transformed into electrical pulses. The average
of these pulses is a measure of the dose rate. Scint'i llation counters
have a high detection . efficiency for radiation, but the technical
expenses are quite high.

or- quant
scinttllation cr
flash of light
window
photo cathode
dynode system
pulse counter

Construction and arrangement of the detectors for nuclear radiation have


to be suited for the detection of the different types and energies of
radi~tionwith their individual characteristics.

Since the penetrative capacity of alpha and beta-radiation is low, the


windows of the detectors have to be thin. Alpha and beta-radiation
ionize the gas fi'lling in the ionisation chamber or the counter tube, or
stimulate a scintillator to emit light. . .

With gamma-radiation evidence is produced by secondary electrons being


directly released across the detector walls, or by stimulating a
scintillator.
Neutron-radiation can on1 y be detected indi rectly. Fast neutrons are
retarded to thermal energy by means of moderators, (hydrogen nuclei as in
water, paraffin or plastics) before being measured by. detectors
c,ontaining a strong neutron-absorbing element, such as boron or lithium.
yields much inf orma-
t ion when evaluated pro-
Measuring value i s
primarily used f o r Subject t o many uncon-
subsequent dose tro1,lable error influences;
balancing; useless' 1 imited measuring range;
f o r immediate cannot be stored.

and a t any time by


t h e user. short rneasur ing rafige';
systems with computer
connection t o the

energy range (roentgen).


Attempts t o improve the
measuring s e n s i t i v i t y and
the energy depend,?nce are

The d i f f e r e n t kinds of personal dose meter systems

The r 5 s u l t s of a11 measurements and c a l c u l a t i o n s have t o be recorded and


k e p t cn f i l e f o r 30 y e a r s , and hi(.t~et 3 be submitted f o r inspection by
t h e supervisory a u t h a r i t y on request.
11. S h o r t e n i n g t h e D u r a t i o n o f Exposure. The t i m e ( T ) has a l i n e a r
e f f e c t , i . e , d o u b l i n g t h e p e r i o d of exposure g i v e s t w i c e t h e
r a d i a t i o n dose.

Consequence:

O p e r a t i o n s c l o s e t o t h e source should be w e l l planned, so


t h a t t h e t i m e o f exposure i n t h e immediate v i c i n i t y o f t h e
source i s k e p t as s h o r t as p o s s i b l e .

111. Use o f S h i e l d i n g w i t h a h i g h weakening f a c t o r ( s ) which depends i n


an e x p o n e n t i a l f u n c t i o n on t h e p r o d u c t o f t h i c k n e s s and
d e n s i t y o f t h e m a t e r i a l . , Apart f r o m a few e x c e p t i o n s ,
r a d i o a c t i v e substances used i n industry already are
i n s t a l l e d i n a s u i t a b l e s h i e l d i n g when d e l i v e r e d .

Consequence:

The s h i e l d i n g i s e f f e c t i v e o n l y when t h e s h i e l d i n g f u n c t i o n s
p r o p e r l y and i s h a n d l e d p r o p e r l y .

SHIELDING TlME DISTANCE .

Ccmpliance w i t h t h e above w i l l e n s u r e t h a t o p e r a t i n g personnel w i l l now


become exposed t o a dose w h i c h exceeds t h e s p e c i f i e d l i m i t s . I n
p r a c t i c a l l y a l l cases, t h e exposure should be below t h e d e t e c t i o n l i m i t
o f a f i l m dosemeter.
3.3 General Rules o f B e h a v i o r

B a s i c a l l y t h e R a d i a t i o n P r o t e c t i o n R e g u l a t i o n s have t o be observed,
which s t i p u l a t e t h a t unnecessary exposure t o r a d i a t i o n must be avoided.
C o n s i d e r i n g t h e f i e l d o f a p p l i c a t i o n , t h e c o n f i g u r a t i o n o f t h e measuring
equipment, t y p e and s h i e l d i n g o f t h e source used, some r u l e s o f b e h a v i o r
which ensure s a f e o p e r a t i o n and maintenance o f t h e equipment can be
formulated.

When w r i t i n g up s e r v i c e i n s t r u c t i o n s , which should i n c l u d e t h e necessary


r u l e s o f b e h a v i o r , t h e f o l l o w i n g s h o u l d be t a k e n i n t o c o n s i d e r a t i o n :

- Assembly and disassembly ( t h e r a d i a t i o n p a t h o f t h e s h i e l d i n g


must remain locked).

- Operations i n t h e immediate p r o x i m i t y of t h e s h i e l d i n g .

- Ensure t h a t t h e s h u t t e r o f t h e s h i e l d i n g i s l o c k e d i f t h e v e s s e l
on which t h e source i s mounted has t o be entered. O r , with a
d e n s i t y gauge, removed f r o m t h e p i p e .

- R e s p o n s i b i l i t y for- t h e key o f t h e l o c k o f t h e s h i e l d i n g c o n t a i n e r .

3.4 Leak T e s t

I f a c o n t a i n e r i n which r a d i o a c t i v e substances have been i n s t a l l e d o r


t h e e n c a p s u l a t i o n o f t h e s e substances i s damaged o r corroded, which
c o u l d a d v e r s e l y a f f e c t t h e s e a l i n g o f t h e c o n t a i n e r o r t h e cover, t h e
s e a l i n g must be checked. T h i s t e s t i s c a r r i e d o u t by t h e o f f i c e
appointed by t h e s u p e r v i s o r y a u t h o r i t y .

F o r t h i s purpose a wipe t e s t i s c a r r i e d o u t and t h e sample i s evaluated


w i t h h i g h l y s e n s i t i v e measuring i n s t r u m e n t s .

Tt,e s u p e r v i s o r y a u t h o r i t y can s t i p u l a t e t h a t these t e s t s a r e repeated a t


f i x ~ di n t e r v a l s . C e r t i f i c a t e s o f these t e s t s must be f i l e d and s u b m i t t e d
t o t h e a u t h o r i t y on r e q u e s t .
4. R a d i a t i o n P r o t e c t l o n S a f e t y

4.1 S a f e t y Measures

When d e s i g n i n g t h e i n s t a l l a t i o n o f r a d i o m e t r i c measuring systems, t h e


p o s s i b i l i t y t h a t a f i r e breaks o u t must be considered. Flammable
substances must n o t be s t o r e d i n the proximity o f radioactive
substances. They s h o u l d be covered and p r o t e c t e d p r o p e r l y , so t h a t a
p o s s i b l e s p r e a d i n g o f t h e f i r e t o t h e r a d i o a c t i v e sources w i l l be
prevented. I t i s mandatory t o c o o r d i n a t e a l l p r e v e n t i v e measures a g a i n s t
f i r e w i t h t h e l o c a l a u t h o r i t i e s , p r i m a r i l y w i t h t h e f i r e department,
which must be i n f o r m e d about t h e type,,scope and p l a c e o f a p p l i c a t i o n of
t h e r a d i o a c t i v e substances used, I n o r d e r t o be prepared I n t h e event of
fire.
I When d e s i g n i n g a l a r m p l a n s , p o s s i b l e s p e c i a l f e a t u r e s o f t h e r a d i o m e t r i c
measuring system have t o be mentioned; t h e r a d i a t i o n s a f e t y o f f i c e r to".
be n o t i f i e d i n t h e e v e n t o f an emergency has t o be i n c l u d e d i n those
p l a n s as w e l l , and a l s o t h e address and phone number o f t h e s u p e r v i s o r y
authority.

4.2 M a l f u n c t i o n s and A c c i d e n t s , ,

The R a d i a t i o n P r o t e c t i o n R e g u l a t i o n s d e f i n e m a l f u n c t i o n as an event
which f o r s a f e t y reasons p r o h i b i t s c o n t i n u a t i o n o f t h e o p e r a t i o n of t h e
facility.

M a l f u n c t i o n i n g means, t h a t a d e v i c e necessary t o guarantee safe


o p e r a t i o n o f t h e f a c i l i t y , e.g. t h e s e a l o f t h e a c t i v e r a d i a t i o n beam of
t h e s h i e l d i n g , no l o n g e r f u n c t i o n s p r o p e r l y .

i An a c c i d e n t i s an event w h i c h c o u l d expose persons t o a r a d i a t i o n dose


\.-
which exceeds t h e p e r m i s s i b l e l i m i t s , o r c o u l d . c a u s e contamination by
r a d i o a c t i v e substances.

I n terms o f s a f o t y , m a l f u n c t i o n i n g an$ a c c i d e n t s a r e v e r y s e r i o u s events


and a p p r o p r i a t e s t e p s must be t a k e n immediately, t o p r e v e n t dangers f o r
persons as w e l l as f o r f a c i l i t i e s , o r t o reduce them 'as much as
possible.

I t i s t h e r e f o r e i m p o r t a n t t h a t t h e personnel i s aware o f p r e v e n t i v e
measures and i s p r e p a r e d f o r p o s s i b l e r i a l f u n c t i o n s o f t h e f a c i l i t i e s o r
a c c i d e n t s , so t h a t dangerous consequEnces can be avoided as f a r as
p o s s i b l e by a p r o p e r r e a c t i o n of t h e p e r s o n n e l .

i n any case, t h e r a d i a t i o n s a f e t y o f f i c e r , who checks t h e s i t u a t i c n a t


s i t s and t a k e s a i l necessary s t e p s t o p r e v e n t unnecessary r a d i a t i o n
e.up0s:it-e o f t n ? pei-sonnel, has t o be n c t i f i e d immediately. The r a d i a t i o n
s a f e t y o f f i c e r k i l l i n f o r m t h e o f f i c i a l a u t h c r i t y concerned, and, i f
necessary, g e t f u r t h e r i n f o r m a t i o n from t h e manufacturer.
.. . . .. , .. .... ..., ,.,,........, ..
I
., .. , . , . ., , ,

DEr3 1:3 'PF, o::~~~HMLBB TECH. LIBRkP'i ' 9.2-

II SECTION 9 GENERAL INFORMATION &Q : 6Ky

MUN CoewlclIim OF THERMAL EXPANSION

An hldn 91 TP sw S.S.
An a n d - dTP 921 63.
hU hdo d m 347 S.S.

-Nl.Pe-%~cbUb, mI
fi-O-*cb w
WY

~ e ~ l ;
AShfB Se% VIIl. Dlv. Z,lW MIBJ
W
i Brid~rponBrca C o m ~ ~ y Ahur. h&
R.A Mom (Eollrurd hpn,lrcun a Dab) S p b i C&. Pipfnl Iimdbodr,41hEdldm Cn-r Tdalow
R h w n Nlq hs. Bull& Y1 fM1-76T-12. Cohsi-BullQ N d d B w w olS&rdr
hrmrdmd N i d Coupmy Tddym. Wah Qlmg Albmy a lMavlt
D.O. Furman. ~ ~ m n ul

TX RESULT REPORT

N A k t : Q A F A C F I N A N C E DEPARTMENT
T E L :0974 4773432
D A T E : 0 9 . A P R ' 2 0 0 3 12:41

SESSION FUNCTION NO. DESTINATION STATION DATE TIME PAGE DURATION -


MODE -
RESULT
2096 TX 01 09.APR 12:40 001 00H0I105" G3 OK
94430740
L
GENERAL INFORMATION &Q : & h ~ \ ---l
TABLE D-11

MEAN COEFFICIENTS QF THERMAL EXPANSION

C - M I Stl., 1-114 CI-VL Ma & 3 0-1


Mo

7 CrlD Mo & 9 Cr-1 hid

All O n d c r of TP 301 S.S.


AU Grrdcs of TP 321 S.S.
All Wbs of TP 341 S.S.
S e.12 M,23 Cr.12 Ni k Z Cp20

T i u m ( O R d v r 1,2,3 6tn

Ni-MwCr U y C-276) '

9C-I 0 & 80-20 Chi-Ni

Cr-Ni-Fa-M&h-Cb ( A k y 2Wb)
M-Cr-MeCb (Alloy 625)

Rderencer:
ASME Seat VIII, Div. 2,1386 Edition Btidgepon Braaa Compuy Airco, Inc.
L A , Mom (Collected Phpcrs, Lcwn & Dm) Sabin Cmckcr, Piphg Hbfldbbbk, 4 h Edition Carpenter Technology
Hunrington Alloy hc.Bullerin #1 SM1-76T-42. Cak~-Sklli@ National Buroau of Standards
htcrnational Nickel Compmy Tc1cdpc W& Chang Albany D.G.Funnm, Journal of Mtuld
BOLTING MATERIAL, SPECIFICATION

nclude old A-1 93 &

highly corrosive service

Page 1 of 2
BOLTING MATERIAL SPECIFICATION

temperature service

Notes:
1. ASME specifications are preceded by SA instead of A, and have the same numerical designation (e.g. SA 193).
2. Maximum hardness shall be Rockwell C35 immediately under the thread roots. The h a r a ~ e s shall
s be taken on flat area atleast 3.0 mm across, prepared by removing
threads. Hardness shall be checked a t the same frequency of tensile tests.
3. Either Class 1 , solution treated, o r Class 2, solution treated and strain hardened may be used.
4. Carbon content shall not exceed 0.25% to permit possible field welding.
5. Dimensions to A-193
6. Dimensions to A-194 Page 2 of 2
A t tachment-8
JQB NO. 51-7427
VALVE NO. LIST SHEET 2 OF 11
Attachdent- 8
JOD NO. 51-7427
VALVE NO. LIST SllEET 4 O F 2

LI.'ur low tcmp. s e r v i c e )


Attachment-8
Jon tm. 51-7427
VALVE NO. LIST SHEET 5 OF 11
VALVE t10. LIST
JOB NO. 5 1 - 7 4 2 7
VALVE NO. L I S T S l l E E T 8 OF 11

- TEST PRESSUIIE
VALVB NO. NOMINAL S I Z E RANGE (8) TY PB MATERIAL l k n f /rm21
END
CLASS CONNEC
GATE GLOOE CllECK TI014

1_111 ALL
9W

--
- - -- - -.-A
FIT
(Apply to AStlE)

FIG
( D e s i g n temp. : 55.1°C)

F2C
(Design temp. : 5 0 5 ° C )
( n p p i y t o ASHEJ

- . .. ~--- . ... - .
GID
( D c s i g n temp. : 5OO'C)

- .. - -- -. -
lllK
( D e s i g n temp. ; 191'C)

. ..
- --
GID
( D e s i g n temp. : 50f1°c)

. ~ .. ~

FLGD
?f!12sign t e m p . : 5 10r(.l
-RTJ
.- - -. . .-... - .
PLGD GID
-RTJ ( n c s i g n temp. : 5110°C)
. .- - ~ -. -
--
FLGD c;~n
-nTJ ---~
Attachment-8
Jon NO. 5 1 - 7 4 2 7
VALVE NO. L I S T -SllEET 9 0 P 11

TEST PRESSURE
(kgf/cm2)
NOMINAL S I Z E REMARKS
VALVIS TYPE VALVE NO.
RRNGE ( 8 ) CONNECTION BODY TRIM GASKET PACKING
1 1 END 1
l- NCFI- RETURN
-.
ANGLE
F I T ( A p p l y t o ASME)
--- -- - -
A l Q ( F o r l o w temp.
service)
F2T

I I I I I
ANGLE 1 2 - 1 1 2 1500 FLGD-RTJ NB,OS6Y A105 iiF
I F 1 T ( A p p l y t o AS-)

SCRD 13Cr

-- -
NEEDLE
I NEEDLE Alp ( F o r l o w t e m p .
I
] NEEDLE 1 - 2 600(6) SW BB,OS&Y a 0 5 Type 3 1 6 30CA 63NB

1/2-11 600(6) SW(15) BB,E&Y AlO5 316 30CA 63N8 A7A,A9A&


---.+
L - 7-
--1
- -Type - I
---
L;;-
&, D;.-_ _?l_
-
NEEDLE 818, D i n
( ~ e s i g nt e m p . x 460°C)
,. . --

NEEDLE D2B
( ~ e s i g nt e m p . : 455°C)

F1C
-( D e s i r ~ n temp. : 554'Cl
~ 3 ~ ; n s n - -
Attachment-8
JOB NO. 51-7427
VALVE NO. LIST SHEET 1 0 OF 11

TEST PRESSURE I
MATTRIAL
(kg f/cm2)
END
VALVE TYPE VALE NO. ~ ~ ~ C L ~x S COPJNECTION
~ ~ l TYPE
Z E SHELL VALVE SEAT REMARKS
BODY TRIM GASKET PACKING
WATER WATER AIR
(51 (1) (1) (2) (2)

F u l l Bore AlO5 o r Type 304 PTFE PTFE 31.0 22.1 6 A1A


BALL VJF2lO 1/2-10 150 PLGD-RP

304 PTFE PTFE

304 PTFE PTFE

-
Type 3 0 1 PTFE PTFE

- NBR *Ring (For 1 2 8 and s m a l l e r ) A 6 S


o r 61HL 21.1 1 1
(For 1 4 8 and l a r g e r )
16.2
- - - -
- NBR & R i n g 16.2 A6 S
o r 61FiL

- BY MAKER 31.0 A4S [Min. 1 G - z f o r


vacuum s e r v i c e ,
D e s i g n temp. : 1 2 0 ° C )
-- -
- BYMAKER 31.0 A4S (Min. l e a k f o r
vacuum s e r v i c e ,
~ e s i g ntemp : 1 2 0 ° C )

- 63NB 31.0 ABA [Min. l e a k f o r


vacuum s e r v i c e ,
D e s i g n temp. : 350°C)
.--
A1Z (Fir i e a water)

- -- --- - - --
- By MAKER AlZ lFor s e a water)

A ~ Q
(For-low trmp.
cc t!,i,' )
Attachment-0
JOD NO. 5 1 - 7 4 2 7
VALVE NO. ' LIST SllEET 11 OF 11
. ,
. ,
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INTERNATIONALER NORMENVERGLEICH C O M P A R A I S O N INTERNATIONALE DES N O i l M E S INTERNATIONAL C O M P A R I S O N O F S T A N D A R D S
- ~-

Baustahle A c i e r s de c o n s t r u c t i o n Structural a n d construc!ional s t e e l s


Die M o g l i c h k e i t e i n e r A u s t a u s c h b a r k e i t m u 5 v o n Fall xu Fall lnterchangeahllite e s t seulement admissible apres e x a m e n E x c h a n g e a b i l i t y- o n l -y p. o s s i b l e a t t e r a l h o r o u q h e x a m i n a t l o n '
entschieden werden. s o i g n e u x d u c a s slngulier. of t h e individual c a s e .
Bundesrepublik Deutscliland Belgien Frankreich Gronbritannien 1 ltalien Japan Schweden Sowjetunion Spanien U.S.A.
Republique Federale d9Allemagne Belgique France Grande-Bretagne ltalie Japon Suede U.R.S.S. Espagne USA.
F e d e r a l R e p u b l i c of G e r m a n y G r e a t Britain Italy Japan Sweden U.S.S.R. Spain U.S.A.
W.-Nr. DIN NBN AFNOR B.S. UNI SS 1 GOST UNE ~AISI/SAE/ASTM
I 1
1.0025 US! 34-2 Fe330aFU ss34 as1 2 ps 2
1/
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i.OC34 8SI 34-2 1 A 34-2 NE i / Fe 330 B '3 j I BS! 2 ps 2 I

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SOIkIVOINVlS 40 NOSIklVdYU03 lVNOIlVNkI3lNI S3NkION S3II fVNOIlVNU3lNI NOSlVklWdkYO3 H31319H3AN3VllUON H31VNOIlWNX3lNI
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~ O N A L E N ORR M E N V E R G L E I C H COMPARAISON INTERNATIONALE EES NORMES INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON O F STANDARDS I
I Baustahle A c i e r s d e constrrrc!ion Structural a n d constructiona1 s t e e l s 1
Die Mogiichkeit einer A u s t a u s c t i b a r ~ e i tmu6 von Fall zu Fall Interchangeabilite est seulement admissible apres examen Exchangeability only possible after a thorough examination -
entschieden werden. soigneux d u cas singulier. of the lndivldual case.
Bvndesrepublik Deutschland Belgien Frankreich / GroBbritannien f ltalien Japan Schweden Sowjetunion Spanien U.S.A.
Repubiique Federale d'Allemagne Belgique France Grande-Bretagne ltalie Japon Suede U.R.S.S. Espagne USA.
Federal Republic o f Germany Belgium France Great Britain Italy Japan Sweden U.S.S.R.
W.-Nr. DIN Nf3N AMOR B.S. 1 UNI J1S GOST AISI/SAE/ASTM

F.8211 30 Mil 5:
- 1330
F.8311 -AM 30 Mn 5
i 1,
I i / F. 1203 - 36 Mn 6:
Shln 438 [HI: SCMn 3 1 2120 / 35G2: 35GL 1 1335
- F. 8212 36 Mn 5
-
I I!
- 1 1

1.1 170 28 Mr, 6 ?8Mn6 20 M 5 ISOM28 C 28 Mn SCMn 1


i.i~~c cm 35
I1
i c 35-2
/ -
/
I 1572 / F-113s-c 35 k-I
I
i.il8l Ck 55 1 C 55-2 / XC 38 H I:XC 32 1 060 A 35 1 ~ 3 5 / S35C ! 1572 1 / F.1130-C35k r 1035

1 1.:201 ern :S 1 c 45-3 j XC42Hl j oeo M 46 i / SSGC I 1660 I / i.1145-c 45 k-I 1 1045 I

1.7248 C" i 5 1 XC 75 / 1774: 1778


II I
I I080
1.1274 rx101 I Ow A gG SUP 4 1870 1015
I 1 i 1 1 - : 1 I
I " -
\--,
-
INTERNATIONALER NORMENVERGLEICH C O M P A R A I S O N INTERNATIONALE D E S M O R M E S INTERNATIONAL C O M P A R I S O N OF S T A N D A R D S
Baustahle Aciers d e construction Structural a n d constructional s t e e l s
Die Moglichkeit einer Austauschbarkeit n c O von Fall zu Fall Interchangeabiiite est seulement admissible apres examen Exchangeability only possible atter a thorough examination
entschieden werden. soigneux du cas singulier. of the individual case.
Bundes,repub!ik Deutschland Beigien Frankreich GroObritannien ltaiien Japan I Schweden Sowjetunion Spanien U.S.A.
Republique Federale d'Allemagne Belgique France Grande-Bretagne ltalie 1 Japon Suede U.R.S.S. Espagne U.S.A.
Federal Republic of Germany Belgium France Great Britain Italy Jagan 1 Sweden U.S.S.2- Spain U.S.A.
W.-Nr. D[N 1 NSN 1 AFNOR 1 E3.S UNI J15 BS 1 GOST UNi AlS1/SAE/AST~

I.55% I 2 Hi 19 / 12N120 / 218x5 1 - 2515


I
I I I
l.57iO 36 H i 0 6 1 35 HC 6 1. 640 A 35 1 SHC 236 I 1 3135
1.511 49 SiCr 6 1 1 / 640 M 40 1 1 1 1 40 ChN I / 3140
11
!.5722 I 4 XiCr 10
, / 14 HC ll 16 NiCr ll / SXC4lSrl 1 / F.1540-15 HiCr I 1 1 3415
I I
1.5735 36 HiC: !O / / 30NCll 1 / 35 HiCr 9 I SNC 631 [HI I I1 1 3435
I i
T.5752 I 4 NlCr 14 1 i3HiCr12 / 12 SC 15 / 655 M 13: 655 A 12 / 1 SNC 815[H] ! I 1 3415:3310
I
1i
, <--? 1 I SHC 835
I . ~ I > : 21 XlCr I: 18 NC I 2 553 M 31
1 ,/ / 1 1 / F.1?3 I 1
I
1.551 i 25 CrHiMo 4 1 / 40 H C O 3 1 816 M 40 / 38 HiCrhlo 4 [KB] 1 ! 1 40 ChN2MA / F.1250-35 HiCrMo 4 / 9840 f
F.1522- 20 NiCrMo 2: 8620
1 20 NiCrMo 2 1 SNCM 220 rH] 1 2506
F.1534 - 20 NiCrMo 3 1
1I
I 4 I I I
I a05 A 20
i
:.65:3 ?ISiCrio 2 2
I I / j !
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I
1.5552 40 NiCrMz 7 3 I 1 1 817 M 40 / 4 0 HiCrMo 7fKBl 1 SNE 24-1-5 1 1 1 1 4340 1
1.6555 40 HiC:M$ 6 1 i / 3ll.iype6 1 I SNCM 439 i 1 40 ChZHZMA / F.1272-40 NiCrMo 7 j 4340 1
i.5580 30 Cr!liMo 8 / 20 CrSiMg 8 I 30 CHO 8 / 823 M 30 / 30 NiCrMa 8 1 SHCM 431 1 I I 1 I
! 65C? 31 Sr'i,Wo 6 1 35 Crti~Mo6 I 35 HCO 6 / 817 M 40 / 35 NiCrMo 6 KB 1 SNCM 447 1 2541 / 38ChZNZMA 1 F.1272-40 NiCrhlo 7 / 4340 1
?-
.1.~337 I?CrHiMo 6 / 17 CrHiMo 7 1 18 HCO 5 j 820Al6 / (18 HiCrMo 71 i I 1 / F.1560- 14 NiCrMo 13 / I
1.6557 I! NICrMo 13 4 / 14 HiCrhlo 13 16 HCO 13 / 832 M 13 / !5HiCrMo13 1 F.15G3 - 14 HiCiMo I3 1
I
/
I .5iX 32 h'iCrMo 1 4 5 25 HCO 14 / 830 M 31 F.1262-32 HiCrMo 12 \
/ I
1.5147 30 !iiC:blo 16 6 35 SCO 16 / 835 M30 1 F.1250 -32 N~C~MO-
1.7063 38 Cr 2 1 :acr2 I 3C2 1 38 Cr 2 1 38~r3
I
1.7006 4E Cr 2 I 46 Cr 2 1 42C2 j 45 ~r 2 II 5045
I 1 -
1.7015 I5 Cr: 1 15~r2 I 12C3 ! SCr415(1I] I SCh I
1.7030 ?a ir 4 / 530 A 20 I 30Ch
i I I
1.703: 34 Cr 4 1 3 4 ~r 1 XC4 / 530 A 32 1 34 ~r 4 ( K B ~ / SCr 4:0(H] I 1 35Ch
--!-------.. - . -- A
- -- -
- -
9
L ,/

; INTERNATIONALER NORMENVERGLEICH C O M P k R A l S O N INTERNATIONALE D E S N O R M E S INTERNATIONAL C O M P A R I S O N O F S T A N D A R D S


Baustahle Aciers d e construction Structural a n d constructional s t e e l s
Die Mogllchkelt elner Austauschbarke~tmu0 von Fall zu Fall lnterchangeabilite est seulernent adrnisslble apres exarnen Exchangeability only p o s s ~ b l eatter a thorough exarninatlon
entschiederi werden. soigneux d u cas singulier. of the individual case.
Bundesrepublik Deutschiand I Belgien Frankreich GroDbritannien 1 Italien / Japan Schweden Sowjetunion 1 Spanien U.S.A.
Republisue Federale d'Allemagne Belgique France Grande-Bretagne ltalle Japon Suede U.R.S.S. U.S.A.
Federal Republic of Germany Belgiirrn France Great Britain 1 Italy Japan Sweden USA.
W.-Nr. DIN 1 NBN 1 AFNOR B.S. UNI JIS ss / GOST UNE /AISI/SAE/ASTM~
I
1I 1 i I /
36 CrMn4: 38 CrMn 4 Y8.
17034 37 Cr 4 1 37 Cr 4 530 A 36 SCr 435 H 40Ch F.1201 - 38 Cr 4
28 Cr 4
I
17035 4 1 Cr4 I 41Cr4 1 42C.i 1 530 Ln 40 I 41Cr4 / SCr 440 [HI 1 - 40Ch I F.1202- 42 Cr 4 1 5140

1 :.7131 I 6 MnCr 5 / i 6 MnCr 5 1 16MC5 / 527M17 / I6 MnCr 5 1 - / 2511 I l8ChG / F.1516- 16 MnCr 5 5115 1
-

1.7147 20 MnCr 5 i
1 / 20MC5 1 - 1 20 MnC; 5 / SMnC 420 H 1 - / F.150.0 1 5120 I
F.8372 XL'd 26 CrMo 4:
-
1 25 CrMo 4 ) 1717 COS 110 25 CrMo 4 [XB] scm 420: SCM 430 2225 F.8330-AM 25 CrMo 4: 4130
F.1256 - 3 0 CrMo 4-1
Ii
,
1 SCM 432: SCCrM 3: 2234 AS3BChCM: 35ChMk i.3331 -AM 34 CrMo 4:
!.i223 34 CrMo 4 1 34 Cihfo 4 1 35CD4 708 A 37 SCM 435 H 35ChM F.8231 - 34 CrMo 4: 4135: 4137
I I I F.1250 -35 CrMo 4
I i F.8332 -BM 42 CrMo 4:
i
1.7223 4 1 CrMo 4 / 41 CrMo 4 SCM 440 1 40 ChFA F.8232 42 CrMo 4:
- 4142:4140
I F.1252 40 CrMo 4
-
I I 11 I
F.8332 -AM 42 CrMo 4:
1.7225 4 2 CrMo 4 42 CrMo 4 SCM 440 (HI I 2244 - F.8232 - 42 CrMo 4:
F.1252 40 CrMo 4
-
I I
l.i228 50 CrMa i
I
1 - I - I - SCM 445 IHI [ - 1 5OChFA 1 4150
I I
1.7242 16 CrMo 4 / IS C ~ M O4 I - I - I - 1 SCM 418 I - ! - / F.1550- 18 CrMo 4 1 -
1.7252 !5 CrMo 5 ! - 1 12CD4 1 - 1 - 1 SCM 415 [HI / 2216 1 - / F.1551-12 CrMo 4 1 -
1.7254 20 Crhfo 5 1 - 1 - 1 - j SCM 421 I - I - / F.IW- ;a CrMo 4.1 I -
i.7335 3 I3 CiMo 4 4 / I 4 CrMo 45 / 15 C O 3.5: i5 CO 4.5 / 1501620 Gr.27: 31 / 14 CrMo 4 5 1 - 1 - / I2ChM: ISChM / i2E3I - 14 CrMo 4 5 / l 182-Fll: F12
7.7351 32 CrMo 12 / 32 C ~ M 1
O2 / 30CO12 / 722 M 24 / 32 CrMo 12 1 - 1 2240 1 - I F.124A i
I -
1 12 CO 9.10: 12 CrMo 9 10:
i1 1.7330 10 CrMo 9 10
1 - 1 I0 CO P.:O I
/ 1501-622 Cr. / G I 4 CrMo II 0 4
1 -
I: McV 53 ! 13MoCrV5 1 - 1533.660~440 - / F.2621-13MoCrV6 1 -
I - I

50 CrY ! 1 50 C i V i / 50c'f4 / 735 A 50 / 50 CrV 4 1 SiiPlO 1 2230 1 SOChiFA / i.1430-51 irY 4 / 6150

I ( 1.2507 l :o 5
34 C:Ah / 34 CrAlMo 5 1 30 CAO 6.12 1 SO5 M 31 / 34 CrAlhfo 7 - 1 - I - I F.1741 - 34 CrRlMo 5 1 d 355 CI.0 I
I 1 I I I I
1 1.8509 41 CiA!Mo 7 ~41CiAIMo7 40CAO6.12 j, 905 M 3 / 41CrAlMo7 I - 2040 38ChMJuA F.1740 - 4 1 CrAlMo 7 A 355 C!A

72
' M 24 31 CrMo 12: F.1712-31 CrMo I 2
1 31 CrMo 12 3OCOl2 1 1
1 30 CrMo 12
'/
1 - I -
I ! I I !
S l i 420 1 - / E 420 RlF? / 6360-55 i / FeE420 1 - 1 - 1 I6GZAF / AE 420 KG !j A 633 Gr. i f
I I

SIE 460 / i 460 RlFP 1 ie E 460 18G2AFos / dE 460 KG 633 ir. E


I - I - / A
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E NORMENYEIlGLElCH COMPARAlSON INTERNATIONALE DES NGRMES
Gun Fonte Cast iron
Die Mdglichkeit einer Austauschbarkeit mgD von Fall zu Fall Interchangeabilite est seulernent admissible apres examen Exchangeability only possible after a thorough examination
entschieden werden. soigneux d u c a s singuller. of the individual case.
Bundesrepublik Deutschland Belgien Frankreich GroDbritannien Italien Japan Schweden Sowjetunion Spanien U.S.A.
Republique Federale d'Allernagne Belgique France Grmde-Bretagne ltalie j. Japon Suede U.R.S.S. Espagne U.S.A. .
Federal Republic of Germany Belgium France Great Britain ltaly Japan Sweden U.S.S.R. Spain U.S.A.
W.-Nr. DtN NBN AFNoR B.s. uNI JIs ss GosT uNE IAisI/saE/asm
I1 I
-
'I
060iG Gi 10 i 1 FIIOO I G 10 1 FCIO 01 10.00 st 10 FC 10 A ~ B - 2 0a
~1.5015
C.5020
GG 15
GG 20
1 I
1
ill50
FI 20 G
Grade 150
Grada 220
1
1
1
G 15
t 20
1
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FC15
FC i0
1
/' 01 15-00
01 20.00 I
St 15
St 20
FG 15
FC 20
1
(
/
148-25 8
148.30 8
0.6025 GG 25 1 / il 25 0 Grace 260 1 G25 1 FC 25 ' 01 25.00 I St 25 FG 25 A48.40 B
C.5030 GG 20 ! 1 FI 30 0 trac: 300 G 30 1 FC 30 01 30-00 St 30 F6 30 A48-45 B
3.5035 6G 35 / F1 35 0 i Grzqe 350 G 35 1 FC 35 1 01 35.00 I St 35 FG 35 A48.50 B
0 5040 GG O: 1 FI 40 0 I Grzde 400 ! 01 40-00 1 S t 40 / A48-60
- 8
5.5652 GGL-HiMn 13 7 1 / L-HM137 i L-NiMn I? 7 1 1
9.6655 GGL-HiCuCr 15 6 2 1 1-NUC 15 6 2 1 L-HiCuCr 15 6 2 1 A 436 Type 1
1 j i
O 5655 GGL.liCuCr 15 6 3 / 1-XUC 15 6 3 L-HiCuCr 15 6 3 / 1 / A 436 Type 1 b
0.5650 GG?.XiCr 20 2 j L-NC 20 2 / L-HiCuCr 20 2 i
2.E66i ELL-XiCr 20 3 1- ?-HC 20 3 1 i-NiCr 20 3 I 1 A 436 T y ~ e2 b
7.55.:: CGL-NiSiCr 20 5 3 i ~ . S S C20 5 3 I L-HiSiCr 20 5 3 I
D.6676 CGL.HiCr 30 3 / t.NC 30 3 / L4iCr 30 3 1 1I A 436 Type 3
3.5680 GGL.NiSiCr 30 5 5 i / I-NSC 30 5 5 j L . H ~ S ~ C30~ 5 5 1 A 436 9;ge 4
0.7040 GCG-40 1 1 FGS 400.12 1 120/12 1 6s 400-12 1 iC0 40 071702 YC 42.12 60-40-18
0.7043 G5G40.3 1 / FGS 370.17 1 270117 1 2SO 42115 1 0717.15 YC 42-12
0.7050 GC6.50 i I FCS 500-7 500I7 1 GS 50017 j FCO 50 072702 YC 50.2 I 65-45.12
0.7060 GGG.60 i / FGS 6003 1 600lj / GS 60013 1 FCD 60 073203 VC ED-2 80-55-06
3.7770 GGL-il / FGS 700-2 1 70012 / GS 700-2 1 FCO 70 , 073701 YC 70-2 100-70-03
0.7033 GGG-80 ! / FGS 830-2 8001i 1 GS 800-2 1 1 1 YC 80.2 120-90-02
0.7652 GEL-HiMn 13 : 1 / S-NM 13 7 S-XiMn 13 7 1 ! I
3.7553 GGG-NiCr 23 2 / S-XC 20 2 S-~iCr20 2 I A 439 Type 0-2
- '
- 0.7561 GtG-HiCr 20 3 S-HC 20 3 [ S-AiCr 20 3
j/ 1 1
1 / i 1 A 43'3 Type 0-2 B
3.7555 GGG.HiSiCr 20 5 2 I / S-HSC 20 5 2 1 S-HiSiCr 20 5 2 1 1
3.7670 G G 2G
2 -~i i - 1 S-H 22 j S-HI 22 I t - I i439 Type 0-1C
.~2.7E73 GGG-HiMn 23 4 S.RiMn 23 4 I j A 571
-4 I I
0.7675 LGG-NiCr 30 3 ! S-HC 30 3 / S-HiCr 30 3 ! 1 1 1 A 439 Type 0-3
0.7677 CG:-iiCr 30 1 1 S-KC 30 1 j S-N~C( 30 1 I I / A 43'3 i y p e 0-3 A
--
0.76e0 GGG-XiSiCr 30 5 5 1 S-HSC 30 5 5 S-NiSiCr 30 5 5 / I / A 439 iypc D.4 i
0.7683 GGG-xi35 i S-H 35 / S-NI 35 I i 1 A 439 Type 0-5
I .
0.7685 GGC-aicr
35 3 S-NC .is 3 1 S.NiCr 35 3 i I 1 A 439 T f ~ e0-5 8
3.0620 6 - 1 260 HiCr 4 2 I I Gnde 2 A 0512-00 / A 532 l B HiCr-LC
0.96?5 G-X 330 NiC: 1 2 / Grade 2 B i 1 i 0513-00 I ( / A 532 IA NiCr.liC
0.4630 ~ . ~ 3 0 0 ~ : ~ i ~ i g i5 2 j t ~ d e2 C: G: E i 0457-00 1 / A 532 ID ~i-nicr
0.9535 G-:00 CrMo 15 3 1 Grade 3 A: 8 I i / A 532 II C 15% CrMo.llC
3.46:a t - X :!I0 CrMoHi I5 2 I 1 - , !
0.0545 G-X 250 CrMoNi 20 2 1 ~ Grade 3 C II 1 A 532 110 20%CrMo.LC
I
0.9550 G-: 260 Cr 27 1 Grade 3 O ! 1 0466-00 1 1 1 A53211lA25XCr
.-
1 0.9655 G-X 300 CrMo 27 1 Grade 3 E I I / A532111A25%C'

ap
-
CHIYODA STANDARD SPECIFICATION C S S

I 0°01 R4

1-1
SUBSTITUTE MATERIALS (JIS, BS, DIN) FOR Aug 7, 1992
ASTM SPEClFlCATlON

CONTENTS

Section
1. Scope
2. Basis
3. Additional Requirements
4. Table
Table 1, Plates
Table 2, Pipes
Table 3, Tubes
Table 4, Forgings
Table 5, Castings
Table 6, Bolts and Nuts
Table 7, Bars and Shapes
Table 8, Piping Fittings
Table 9, Nonferrous Materials
5. Index

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED /

CHlYODA CORPORATION YOKOHAMA, J A P A N


G 0001 E R 4
SUBSTITUTE MATERIALS (JIS, BS, DIN) FOR
ASTM SPECIFICATION

1. SCOPE
This specification lists the Japanese Standard (JIS, JPI),
British Standard (BS), and Deutshe Industrie Normen (DIN) substi-
tutes for ASTM Specifications relating to materials for plates,
pipes, tubes, forgings, castings, bolts and nuts, bars and shapes,
piping fittings;and nonferrous materials, in general use.

2. BASIS
These substitutes are not necessarily identical to the ASTM Spec-
ifications,,but are equal in terms of alloy content and have a
nearly equal or higher ultimate tensile strength; exceptions to
this are underlined.

3. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS
The requirements of the ASTM Specifications not covered by the
substitute specifications are noted in the Tables, with footnotes
given on Section 4.

4. TABLE
Substitute materials are shown in the following Tables 1 to 9.

CHIYOBA CORPORATION YOKOHAMA, JAPAN


Table 1 PLATE

ASrn JIS 8s D lH

A-36
Structural Steel
G 3101 SS400 4360 Gr 40A (1) 17100 St44-2
G 3106 SH400A 4360 Gr 438 17100 St44-3

A-131
Structural Steel for Ships
Gr A G 3106 SM400A 4360-408 17100 St44-3
Gr 8 G 3106 W O O 8 4360-408 ---
Gr CS G 3106 SM4OOCH 4360-40E ---
Gr D G 3106 SH4OOC (2) 4360-40E ---
Gr E G 31% SM400CN 4360-40E ---
A-167
Stainless and Heat-Resisting
Chnmium-Hickel Steel Plate,
Sheet, and Strip
Type 302 - G 4304 SUS302 (3) --- 1744011 XlOCrHiS189
Type 304 G 4304 SUS304 (3) 1449-304531 1744011 X5CrNi1810
1501-304515
Type 304L G 4304 SUS304L (3) 1501-304512 1744011 XZCrNil9ll
1449-304511
Type 310s G 4304 SUS310S (3) 1501-310524 ---
1449-310524 ---
Type 316 G 4304 SUS316 (3) 1501-316516 1744011 X5CrNiHo17122
1449-316531
Type 316L G 4304 SUS316L (3) 1501-316512 1744011 XZCrNiHo17132
1449-316511
Type 321 G 4304 SUS321 (3) 1501-321512 1744011 X6CrHiTil810
1449-321531
Type 347 G 4304 SUS347 (3) 1501-347517 1744011 X6CrHiNbl810
1449-347531

Note (1): Specify mchanical properties, test and inspection in accordance with ASTH.
Note (2): Plates w e r 1-318 Inches (35 mn) in thickness shall be nomlized.
Nntn 1
\ d7l ). .
.l"...
Fnr r..un l0 "A m
I " l
l l d ca8lL-L
I v I I-"
h o n + "ll"
and e +rin
aLI . y e
e t ~ nr
"a-
n.-rnc~nA;n
CUD 1 CapC*IIUI I 'nY CllC-rD
.#".#-"l Yll" .,".,-".,a,.==
a n d CIIC-rC r + - l r ,a, a r r n r d i n n +n 1 T C C d S n C and
a&&", U ,lay LV ,
,,a U 7 4 V . l "ll"
G 4307. respectively.
ASlll JIS 1
Stainless and Heat Resisting
Chranim Steel Plate, Sheet,
and Strip
Type 403

Type 405

Type 410
I 4304 SUS405

Type 4105

Pressure Vessel Plates,


Alloy Steel, Nickel

Pressure Vessel Plates,


Alloy Steel, H o l y W e m
Gr A SEL 16 Eb 5
17155 15 Eb 3
SEL 16 Ho 5

Heat-Resisting C h m i u m and
Chranium-Nickel Stainless
Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip
I for Pressure Vessels
I

Type 304H
Type 304L

Type 316
Type 316H
Type 316L

I Type 317
Type 317L

Note (1): For cold rolled sheet and strip, use corresponding SUS-CP and SUS-CS steels, according to JIS G 4305 and
G 4307, respectively. .
Note (2): Recognize lower m i n i m tensile or yield strengths of the underlined substitute materials in design con-
sideration, or specify m i n i m tensile and yield strengths per ASTH.
v
PAGE 4 OF 36

1 Arm JIS DIN


I Type 321 I G 4304 SUS321 (I)
I Type 321H
I ---

( Type 347H
I ---
( Type 405 I G 4304 SUM05 (1)

I Type 410 I G 4304 SUS4lO (1)

1 Type 430 I G 4304 5115430 (1)

Corrosion-Resisting
Chromium Steel-Clad I

Stainless Chraniun-Nickel Steel-


Clad Plate, Sheet, and Strip

Nickel and Nickel-Rase


Alloy-Clad Steel Plate

Lw and Internredfate Tensile


Strength Carban Steel Plates,
Shapes, and Bars
I

Note (1): For cold rolled sheet and strip, use corresponding SUS-CP and SUS-CS steels, according to JIS G 4305 and
G 4307, respectively.
Note (2): Specify mchanlcal properties, test and inspection in accordance with ASTM.
G 0001 E R 4
CHIYODA STANDARD SPECIFICATION
PACE 5 OF 36

ASTn I JIS I DIN

Pressure Vessel Plates,


Carbon Steel, Low-and
Intemdiate-Tensi le
Strength

Pressure Vessel Plates,


Carbon Steel,
Manganese-S i 1 icon

Pressure Vessel Plates, A1 loy


Steel, Manganese-HolyWem
and Manganese-HolyWenm-
Nlckel

Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy


Steel, Chwnium-klybdentnn
Gr 2 Class 1 G 4109 SCMVl
Gr 11 Class 1
Class 2
Gr 12 Class 1 G 4109 S W 2
Class 2 G 4109 SMV2
Gr 21 Class 1 I G 4109 SCMV5
Gr 22 Class 1 G 4109 S W 4
Class 2 G 4109 SW4
Gr 5 Class 1 G 4109 S W 6
Class 2 G 4109 S W 6
Gr 9 Class 1
Class 2
Pressure Vessel Plates.
Carbon Steel, llrproved
Trans l t ion Properties

Pressure Vessel Plates.


Carbon Steel, f o r tialerate
and Lmr-Terperature
Service

Hote (1): Recognize l w r m i n i m t e m i l e or yield strengths o f the underlined substitute rrraterials in design con-
sideration, or specify m i n i m tensile and yield strengths per ASTH.
PACE 7 Of 36

ASTn JIS BS D IH

A-533
Pressure Vessel Plates,
Alloy Steel, Quenched
and Terrpered. Hanganese-
Holybdenm and
Manganese-HolyWenun-H ickel
Type A Class 1 G 3120 SQVlA --- ---
Class 2 G 3120 SQVlB --- ---
Type B Class 1 G 3120 SQV2A --- ---
Class 2 G 3120 SQVZB --- ---
Type C Class 1 G 3120 SQV3A --- ---
Class 2 G 3120 SQV3B --- ---
A-537

Pressure Vessel Plates, Heat-


Treated, Carbon-Nanganese-
Silicon Steel
Class 1. G 3115 SPV355N 1501-224 Gr 490 (1) 17155 19Hn6
17102 StE355
Class 2 G 3115 SPV450Q --- ---

A-570
Steel, Sheet and Strip, '
Carbon, Hot-Rol led
Structural Qua1 ity
Gr 30 G 3101 SS330 1449-HR 34/20 (1) 17100 St33
Gr 33 G 3101 SS400 1449-tfR 37/23 17100 St44-2
Gr 36 G 3101 SS400 1449-HR 37/23 17100 St44-2
Gr 40 G 3101 ~ ~ 4 0 0 ( 1 ) 1449-HR 43/25 17100 St44-2
Gr 45 G 3101 SS490 1449-HR 43/25 (1) 17100 St52-3
Gr 50 G 3101 ~ ~ 4 9 0 ( l ) 1449-HR 50135 17100 St52-3

A-611
Steel, Sheet, Carbon,
Cold-Rol led, Structural
Quality
Gr B G 3141 SPCC (2) --- ---
Gr C G 3141 SPCC (2) --- 1623.1 St12
Gr D G 3141 SPCC (2) --- ---

Note (1): Recqnize lower m i n i m tensile or yield strengths of the underlined substitute rraterials in design con-
sideration, or specify m i n i m tensile and yield strengths per ASRI.
Hote (2): Specify mechanical properties, test and inspection in accordance with ASTH.
Electric-Fusion-Welded
for High-Pressure Service
at High Terrperattrres
Grade
P -
Haterial
CH-65 A204 Gr A
CM-70 A204 Gr B
CM-75 A204 Gr C
CHSH-70 A537 CL 1
CMS-75 A299
112 Cr A387 Gr 2 CL 1

5Cr A387Gr5Ct-1

G3454 STPG370 17172 StE210.7

G3454 STPG410 17172 StE240.7

17172 StE290.7
17172 StE320.7
17172 StE360.7
17172 StE385.7

17172 StE445.7TH
17172 StE480.7TH

G3455 STS480

Nete ( I ) : Recqn!ze l m r n!nirrm tensile cr yield strengths of the irnderiined subsiit~ismterials in desigii son-
sideration, or specify m i n i m tensfle and yield strengths per ASTM.
Table 3 TUBES

ASTH 31s 8s DIH


A-161
Seamless Low-Carbon and
Carbon-MolyWerum Steel
Sti 1 1 Tubes for Refinery
Service
Low Carbon G 3461 ST8340 (1)(2) 3059 HFS32O (2) 17175 St35.8
Steel Tubes 3059 CFS320 (2)
---
Gr T1
12)
G 3462 STBA12 1)(2)(3)
G 3467 STFA12
17175 isno7*

A-178
Electric-Resistance-Welded
Carbon Steel and
Carbon-Hanganese Steel
Boiler Tubes
Gr A G 3461 ST8340 (4) 3059 ERH320 (3) 17177 St37.8
3059 CEH320 (3)
Gr C G 3461 ST8410 (4) 3059 ERH360 17177 St42.8
3059 CEU360 (3)
Gr D --- 3059 ERH440 (3) ---
3059 CEH440 (3)

A-179
Seamless Cold-Drawn L w -
Carbon Steel Heat-Exchanger
and Condenser Tubes
G 3461 ST8340 (1)(5)(6) 3606 CFS 320 17175 St35.8
3059 S1 360 (5)(6)

Note (1): Specify seamless.


Note (2): Haxiuum hardness shall be as follcws:
Item Carbon Steel Gr Tl
-Hot 1-01led tubes HB 137 H8 150
-Cold drawn tubes HB 125 HB 137

Note (3): Specify killed steel.


Note (4): Specify electric resistance-welding.
Note (5): Specify cold drawn.
Note (6): Haxiuum hardness shall be Rockwell 872.
/ISTH JIS 8S DIN
A-192
Seamless C a r b n S t e e l Boiler
Tubes f o r High-Pressure
Serv lce
G 3461 ~ ~ 3 (41 ) 0( 2 ) 3059 HFS 320 2 17175 St35.8
3059 CFS 320 I21
3059 S1 360 (2)
3059 S2 360 ( 2 )
A-199
Seamless Cold-Dram I n t e r -
M i a t e A1 loy-Steel Heat-
Exchanger and Condenser
Tubes
Gr T5 G 3462 STBA25 ( 3 ) ( 4 ) 3606 CFS 625 Wbl 00712 12CrHo195 (6)
Gr T9 G 3462 STBA26 ( 3 ) ( 5 ) 3059 S1 629-470 (3)(5) Wbl 109 X12CrM391 (6)
3059 S2 629-470 ( 3 ) ( 5 )
Gr T11 G 3462 STBA23 ( 3 ) ( 4 ) 3606 CFS621 17175 13CrMo44
Gr 122 G 3462 STBA24 ( 3 ) ( 4 ) 3606 CFS622 17175 10CrHo910
3059 S1 622-440 ( 3 ) ( 4 )
3059 S2 622-440 ( 3 ) ( 4 )
A-200

Seamless I n t e d i a t e
Alloy-Steel S t i l l Tubes
forRefineryService ,

Gr T5 G 3462 STBA25 (4) 3604 CFS625 ( 4 ) Wbl 00712 12CrHo195 (6)


G 3467 STFA25 ( 4 ) 3604 HFS625 (4)
Gr T7 --- --- ---
Gr T9 G 3462 SWA26 (5) 3604 CFS629-470 (5) Wbl 109 X12CrM391 (6)
G 3467 STFA26 ( 5 ) 3604 HFS629-470 (5)
3059 S1 629-470 (5)
3059 52 629-470 (5)
Gr T11 G 3462 STBA23 ( 4 ) 3604 CFS621 ( 4 ) 17175 13CrHo44
G 3467 STFA23 ( 4 ) 3604 HES621 ( 4 )
Gr T22 G 3462 STBA24 (4) 3059 S1 622-
G 3467 STFA24 ( 4 ) 3604 CFS622 ?I?
(4)
17175 10CrHo910
3604 HFS622 (4)

Note (1): Specify seamless.


Note (2): M a x i m hardness s h a l l be Rockwell 877.
Note (3): Specify cold drawn.
Note (4): Haximtm hardness s h a l l be Rockwell 885.
Note (5): M a x i m hardness s h a l l be Rockwell' 889.
Note (6): VcTTuv-Werkstoftblatt
Arm 1 JIS 1 DIN

Seamless Carbon-Holybdenm
Alloy-Steel Boiler and
Superheater Tubes

Gr Tla I G 3462 STEM3


I
Gr Tlb

A-210
Seamless Medium-Carbon Steel

1
Boiler and Superheater Tubes
Gr A1 G 3461 STB410 (1)(4)

Seamless Ferritic and


Austenitic A1 loy-Steel
Boiler, Superheater,
and Heat-Exchanger Tubes
3606 CFS 625 Hbl 00712 12Crtlo195 (7)
3606 CFS 621 17175 13Crflo44
3606 CFS 620 17175 13Crflo44
3059 Sl/S2 620 (5)

3606 CFS 304525


3059 CFS304S59 (6)
3606 CFS304S22

Note (1): Specify seamless.


Note (2): H a x i m hardness shall be Rockwell 880.
Note (3): Haxinum hardness shall be Rockwell 881.
Note (4): Haximrm hardness shall be Rockwell 879.
Note (5): kim hardness shall be Rockwell 885.
Note (6): Haximum hardness shall be Rockweil 890.
Note (7): VdTiiv-Werkstoftblatt
CHIYODA STANDARD SPECIFICATION

lectric-Resistance-Welded
arbon Stee 1 Heat-Exchanger
nd Condenser Tubes
G 3461 STB340 (1)(2)

Electric-Resistance-Welded
Carbon Steel Boiler and
Superheater Tubes for
High-Pressure Service
G 3461 STB340 (l)(2)

Welded Austenitic Steel Boiler,


Superheater, Heat-Exchanger,
and Cordenser Tubes
T P W
TP 304H -
G 3463 SUS304 h (3)
G 3463 SUS304H TB (3) 30~9-ERH304~59(31
17457 X5CrNi1010
---
TP 3a4L G 3463 SUS304L TB (3) --- 17457 X2CrNil9ll
TP 309 G 3463 SUS309S TB (3) --- ---
TP 310 G 3463 SUS31OS TB (3) --- ---
TP 316 G 3463 SUS316 TB (3) 17457 X5CrH ill017122
TP 316H G 3463 SUS316H TB (3) 3059-Gi316~59 (3) ---
TP 316L G 3463 SUS316L TB (3) --- 17457 X2CrNiHo17132
TP 321 G 3463 SUS321 TB (3) 17457 X6CrNiTil010
TP 321H G 3463 SUS321H TB (3) 3059 K H 3 2 1 ~ 5 9(3) ---
TP 347 G 3463 SUS347 TB (3) 17457 X6CrNiNbl010
TP 3 4 7 ~ G 3463 S U S ~ TB
~ ~(3)
H 3059-01H347s59 (3) ---

Note (1): Specify electric resistance-welding.


Note (2): M a x i m hardness shall he Rockwell 872.
Note (3): Haximrm hardness shall he Rockuell B90.
ASM JIS DIN
A-268

Seamless and Helded Ferritic


Stainless Steel Tubing for
General Service
TP 410 G 3463 SUS410 TB (I)
TP 430 G 3463 SUM30 TB (2)

Seamless and Helded Austenitic


Stainless Steel Tubirg for
General Service

TP 321
TF' 347

Seamless Austenitic Chranium


Nickel Steel Still Tubes for
Refinery Service

Note (1): M
axi
m hardness shall be Rockwell 895.
Note (2): Maxim hardness shall be Rockwell 090.
Note (3): Specify seamless.
Note (4): M a x i m c a r h n content shall be 0.21%.
ASTH JIS BS DIM

A-334

Seamless and Welded Carbon


and A1 loy-Steel Tubes f o r
Low-Terrperature Service

Gr 1 G 3464 STBL380 (1) 3603 CEW410 LT50 17173 TTSt35N


3603 CFS410 LT50 17174 TTSt35M
3603 ERW410 LT50
3603 HFYIlO LT50

Gr 3 G 3464 STBL450 (2) 3603 CFS503 LTlOO (2) 17173 10Ni14


3603 HFS503 LTlOO (2)

Gr 6 --- 3603 CEW410 LT50 (2) SEW680 TTSt45N


3603 CFS410 LT50 (2)

Gr 8 G 3464 STBL690 (2)


3603
3603
3603
ERW410
HlS4lO
CFS509
LT50 2)
LT5O t2)
LT196 (2) 17173 X8Ni9
3603 HFS509 LT196 (2)

Note (1): M a x i m hardness s h a l l be Rockwell 885.

Note (2): Haxirnrm hardness s h a l l be Rockwell 090.


Table 4 FORGINGS

I ASTH I JIS

Forgings, Carbon Steel.


for Piping Carportents
G 3202 SFVCZA

Forgings, Carbon Steel, for


General-Purpse Piping
I Class 60 I G 3202 SFVCl
Class 70 G 3202 SFVCZA

Forged or Rolled A1 loy-Steel


Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings,
and Valves and Parts for
High-Tenperature Service

G 3203 SFVAFllA

Note (1): Recognize lower m i n i m tensile or yield strengths of the underlined substitute mterials in design con-
sideration, or specify m i n i m tensile and yield strengths per ASTM.
ASTH JIS
A-226
Forgings, Carbon Steel,
for Pressure Vessel
Carponents
Class 1 ( G 3202 SFVCl
Class 2
Class 4

Steel Forgings, Alloy, Refer to A-182 Refer t o A-182 Refer to A-182


for Pressure and High-
Terrperature Parts

Forgings, Carbon and Low-


Alloy Steel, Requiring
Notch Toughness Testing
for Piping Caoponents
LFl G 3205 SFLl
LF2 G 3205 SF12 1640 WLO
1503-221-490 ( I )

Quenched and Tempered


Vacuum-Treated Carbon
and Alloy Steel Forgings
for Pressure Vessels
Class 1
Class 2
II 3202 SFVC2B
G 3204 SFVq2A
Class 3 G 3204 SFVqlA

Steel Forgings. Carbon


and Alloy. Quenched and
Terrpered, for Pressure
Vessel Carponents
Class 1
Class 2
Class 3

Note (1): Specify Irrpact Test requirement per ASTM.


Note (2): Specify heat treatmnt and mechanical properties per ASTM.
CHIYODA STANDARDSPECIFICATION

Table 5 CASTINGS

Arm JIS BS DIN


A-27
Steel Castings, Carbon,
for General Application
Gr 60-30 G 5101 SC410 3100 Steel A1 1681 GS-38 (2)
Gr 65-35 G 5101 SC450 --- 1681 GS-45
Gr 70-36 G 5101 S C W 3100 Steel A2 1681 GS-52

A47
Ferritlc Halleable
lron Castings
Gr 32510 G 5702 FMB340 6681 835-12 1692 GTS-35-10
Gr 35018 G 5702 FaZB360 --- 1692 GTS-35-10 (2)

A48
Gray lron Castings
Class 20 G 5501 FC150 1452 Gr 150 1691 GG-15
Class 25 G 5501 FC200 1452 Gr 180 1691 GG-20
Class 30 G 5501 FC200 0) 1452 Gr 220 1691 G G 2 0 (2)
Class 35 % 5501 FC250 1452 Gr 260 1691 (36-25
Class 40 G 5501 FC300 1452 Gr 300 1691 GG-30
Class 45 G 5501 FC300 (2) 1452 Gr 300 (2) 1691 GG-30 (2)
Class 50 G 5501 FC350 1452 Gr 350 1691 GG-35
Class 55 --- 1452 Gr 400 ---
Class 60 --- --- ---

A-126

Gray lron Castings for


Valves, Flanges and Pipe
Fittings
Class A G 5501 FC200 1452 Gr 180 1691 GG-15
Class 8 G 5501 FC250 1452 Gr 260 1691 GG-25
Class C G 5501 FC300 1452 Gr 300 1691 GG-30

Note (1): Specify carbon, mnganese, or silicon contents in accordance with ASTM.
Note (2): Recognize lower m i n i m tensile or yield strengths of the underlined substitute raterials in design con-
sideration, or specify m i n i m tensile and yield strengths per ASTM.
I MTM I JIS I DIN

Steel Castings, Carbon,


Suitable for Fusion Welding,
for High-Terrperatme Service
WCA G 5151 SCPHl
WCB G 5151 SCPH2
HCC

Steel Castings, Kartensitic


Stainless and Alloy, for
Pressure-Containing Parts,
Suitable for High-Tenperature
Service
17245 G S - 2 2 W
17245 GS-17Cm55
17245 GS-18Cr3910
SEW 595 GS-12Cr3195
SEW 595 GS-X12CrtlolOl

I Steel Castings, Iron-Chromium


and Iron-ChmniumHickel, Heat
Resistant, for General
Application

I G 5122 SCH 2
G 5122 SCH 11
G 5122 SCH 17
G 5122 SCH 12
G 5122 SCH 13
G 5122 SCH 18

( G 5122 SCH 22 or 21
G 5122 SCH 19
Gr KT G 5122 SCH 15
Gr HU G 5122 SCH 20

Note (1): Test and inspect the product in accordance with M T M , except for the chemical analysis and mchanical
properties of the steel.
Note (2): Specify carbon, manganese, or silicon contents in accordance with M T M .
Note (3): Specify elongation in accordance with ASTM.
1 ASM I JIS 1 BS I Dl H I

Halleable Iron Flanges, Pipe


Fittings, and Valve Parts for
Railroad, brine, and Other
Heaw Dutv Service at

Steel Castings, Austenitic,


for High-Tenperature Service
Gr CF3 (18Cr-8til) I G 5121 SCS19A (I)

Gr CF8 (18Crmi) G 5121 SCS13A


Gr CFBA ( 1 8 C r a i ) ---
Gr CF8C (2OCr-1OHi-Cb) G 5121 SCS21 (I)

Gr C F M (1Cr-1OHi-mo)l G 5121 SCSl4A (1)

Gr CHlO (25Cr-13Hi) G 5121 SCS17 (1)(2)


Gr CH20 (25Cr-13Hi) G 5121 SCS17 (1)(3)

Note (1): Test and inspect the product in accordance with ASTH, except for the chemical analysis and mchanical
properties of the steel.
Hote (2): Recognize l w r m i n i m tensile or yield strengths of the underlined substitute mterials in design con-
sideration, or specify m i n i m tensile and yield strengths per ASTU.
Note (3): Specify mechanical properties, test and inspection in accordance with ASTM.
1
ASTH JIS ES DIH

Steel Castings, Ferritic and


Martens it ic, for Pressure-
Containing Parts Suitable for
LW-Terrperature Service
LCE G 5152 SCPLl
LC1 (C-~/~HO) G 5152 SCPLll

Ferritlc Ductile Iron Pressure-


Retaining Castings for Use at
Elevated Terrperatures

Steel Castings, Chromium-


Nickel-Iron Alloy Castings
(25-12 Class), for High-
Terrperature Service
G 5122 SCH13 (3)

Casting, Nickel and Nickel


Alloy

Note (1): Test and inspect the product in accordance with ATTH, except for the chemical analysis and mchanical
properties of the steel.
Note (2): Specify ferritizing heat treatmnt, chemical requirerent and mchanical properties, except for tensile
and yield strengths.
Note (3): Specify mechanical properties, test and inspection in accordance with ASTH.
Note (4): Recognize lover minlnum tensile or yield strengths of the underlined substitute mterials in design con-
sideration, or specify m i n i m tensile and yield strengths per ASTH.
ASR4 JIS BS DI H
A- 536

Ductile Iron Castings


Gr 60-40-18 G 5502 FCD450 2789 Gr 420112 ---
Gr 65-45-12 G 5502 FCD500 (1) 2789 Gr 50017 1693 GGG-50
Gr 80-55-06 G 5502 FCD600 (1) 2789 Gr 60013 (2) 1693 GGG-60
Gr 100-70-03 G 5502 FCD700 (1) 2789 Gr 700/2 (2) 1693 GGG-70

A-743
Castings, Iron-Chromium,
Iron-Chmniurn-Nickel,
Hickel Base, Corrosion Resistant,
for General Application
Gr CA-15 G 5121 SCSl (3) 3100-41OC21 (2) 17445 G-X20Cr14
Gr CA-40 G 5121 SCS2 (3) 1504-42OC29 ---
3100-420C29
Gr CF-3 G 5121 SCS19A (3) 1504-304C12 ---
3100-304C12
Gr CF-3H G 5121 SCS16A (3) 1504-316C12 ---
3100-316C12
Gr CF-8 G 5121 SCS13A (3) 1504-3MC15 17445 G-X6CrHi189
3100-304C15
Gr CF-8C G 5121 SCS21 (3) 1504-347C17 17445 G-X5CrH iHbl89
Gr CF-8H G 5121 SCS14A (3) 1504-316C16 17445 G-X6CrH iHol810
3100-316C16
Gr CF-20 G 5121 SCSl2 (3) --- - --
Gr CH-20 G 5121 SCSl7 (3) 3100-309C30 ---
Gr M-20 G 5121 SCSl8 (3) --- ---
Gr CH-7H G 5121 SCS23 (3) 1504-332C11 ---

Note (I): Specify elongation in accordance with ASTH.


Note (2): Recognize l w e r mlninum tensile or yield strengths of the underlined substitute materials in design con-
sideration, or specify m i n i m tensile and yield strengths per ASTM.
Note (3): Test and inspect the product in accordance with ASTH, except for the chemical analysis and mchanical
properties of the steel.
G 0001 E R 4
CHlYODA STANDARDSPECIFICATION

Table 6 BOLTS AND NUTS

I AXlH I JIS 1 BS

A1 loy-Steel and Stainless


Steel Bolting Haterials for
H igh-Temperature Service

Carbon and A1 loy Steel Huts


for Bolts for High-Pressure
and H igh-Tenperatme Service

Carbon Steel Externally


Threaded Standard
Fasteners

Note (1): Specify heat treatment and mchanical properties per ASTM.
Hote (2): Specify A.Sl?i dimensional t - e q u i m n t s , tolerances and inspect ion.
Note (3): Specify mgchanical properties, t e s t and inspection in accordance wlth ASTM.
Hote (4): Test a d inspect the product in accordance with MTH, except f o r the chanica! a n a l ~ s i sand ~ c h a n i c a l
properties of the s t e e l .
[ , ~sm I JIS 1
Alloy Steel Boltfng Haterfals
for Lw-Terrperature Service
Gr L7 (Cr-Ho) G 4107 SNB7
Gr L43 (Ni-Cr-Ho) G 4103 SNCtl439
Gr 88 (304 str.hd.) G 4303 SUS304 (2)

High-Strength Bolts f o r
Structural Steel Joints

Quenched and Tapered


Alloy Steel Bolts, Studs;
and Other Externally
Threaded Fasteners

Bolting Materials, High-


Terrperature, 50 to 120 KSI
(345 t o 827 KPa) Yield
Strength, with Expansion
Coefficients Ccrrparable t o
Austenitfc Steels
Gr 660 Class A h B
(14Cr-24Hi)
Gr 651 Class A h B
I ---
(19Cr-9Hi)

Note (1): Specify lrrpact Test r e q u i m n t per ASTM.


Note (2) : Specify A.YlH dimnsional r e q u i r m n t s , tolerances and inspectfon.
Table 7 BARS AND SHAPES

G 4303 SUS420 J1 17440 X20Cr13

Steel Bars, Carbon,


Hot-bought, Special

G 4051 S20C
G 4051 S25C
G 4051 S30C
G 4051 S35C
G 4051 S40C
G 4051 S45C

D e f o m d and Plain Billet-Steel


Bars for Concrete Reinforcemnt

Steel Bars, Carbon,


Hot-Wrought, Special

G 3101 SS330

17100 St52-3
G 3101 SS490 4360 Gr 55C or 50A (1) 17100 St52-3
4360 Gr 55C or (1)

Note (1): ~ecogniz=l w e r m i n i m tensile or yield strengths of the underlined substitute rraterials in design con-
sideration, or specify miniri tensile and jiield strengths pr ASTH.
Table 8 PIPING FITTINGS

Piping F i t t i n g s of Wrough
f o r Moderate and Elevated

B 2312 PT410
B 2313 PT410W

B 2312 PT480
B 2313 PT480W

B 2312 PA12
B 2313 PAl2W
B 2312 PA25
B 2313 PA25W

B 2312 PA26
B 2313 PA26U

UP11 ( l - l / 4 ~ r - 1 / 2 ~ ) B 2312 PA23 1640 UP11 ---


B 2313 PA23U
UP12 ( l ~ r - l / ~ k ) B 2312 PA22 --- ---
B 2313 PA22W
~ 2 (2~ - l / ~ ~ r - l t b ) B 2312 PA24 1640 UP22 ---
B 2313 PA24W

A-403
Hrought A u s t e n i t i c Stainless
8
Steel Piping F i t t i n g s
UP 304 (18Cr-8Hi) 82312 SUS304 1640-UP304 ---
82313 SUS304W

UP 304H(18Cr-8Hi) 82312 SUS304H --- ---


UP 304L (1ECr-Mi) 82312 SUS304L 1640-UP304L ---
82313 SUS304LW

UP 316 (16Cr-12Hi-2b) 82312 SUS316 1640-UP316 ---


B2313 SUS316U
UP 316H (16Cr-12Hi-2Ho) 82312 SUS316H --- ---
UP 316L (16Cr-1Wi-2Ho) 82312 SUS316L 1640-UP316L ---
82313 SUS316LW
UP 321 (18Cr-1OHi-Ti) 82312 SUS321 1640-UP321 ---
82313 SUS321W
UP 321.H (18Cr-1ONi-Ti) 82312 SUS321H --- ---
UP 347 (18Cr-1ONi-Cb) 82312 SUS347 1640-UP347 ---
82313 SUS347W

UP 347H (1ECr-1ONi-Cb) 82312 SUS347H --- ---


Piping Fittings of h g h t
Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel
for Low-Terrperature Service
B 2312 PL450
El 2313 PL45OW

B 2312 PL380
B 2313 PL380W

El 2312 PL690
Table 9 NONFERROUS MATERIALS

ASTH JIS BS DIN

-
PIPE
PI2
Seamless Copper Pipe, H3300 C1020 2871-C103 1787 OF-Cu
Standards Sizes

0-43
fl - --
Seamless Red Brass Pipe, H3300 C4430 6~ --- 17671 CuZnl5
Standard Sf zes LL-.
/'

El65
Hfckel-Copper A1 loy
Seamless Pipe and Tube
NO4400 H4552 HCUl 3074 ---
5167
Hickel-Chrunium-Iron
Alloys Seamless Pipe
and Tube
NO6600 64903 NCF600TP e --- ---
5337
Seamless and Welded
Titanium and Titanium
Alloy Pipe
Gr 1 H4630 TTP28 --- 17850 Ti1
Gr 2 H4630 llP35 --- 17850 Ti2
Gr 3 H4630 llP49 --- 17850 Ti3
Gr 7 --- ---
8-407
Nickel-Iron-Chromium
Alloy Seamless Pipe and
Tube
N08800 64903 HCF 800TP ---
---
, ___
- --
H08810 64903 NCF 800HTP
-- 64903 HCF 825TP --- ---
0466

Seamless Copper-H ickel


Pipe and Tube
C70600 H3300 C7060 2871-CHI02 17664 CuNilOFelHn
C71500 H3300 C7150 2871-CN107 17664 CuN i30MnlFe
Arm JIS BS DIN
w
Welded Copper-N lckel
C70600 H3320 C7060 2871-CN102 17664 CuNllOFelHn
C71500 H3320 C7150 2871-CN107 17664 CuN i30HnlFe

WH6S
6-61
Steam or Valve Bmnze H5111 BC7 1400-LG4 ---
Castings

6-62
Ccaposltlon Bronze or H5111 BC6 1400-LG2 1705 G-CuSn5ZnPb
Ounce Metal Castlngs
5. INDEX

Number Page Number Page Number Page

A- 524
A-533
A-536
A-537
A-541
A-570
A-576
A-587
A-611
A-615
A-662
A-671
A-672
A-675
A-691
A-743
B-42
B-43
B- 6 1
B-62
B-165
B-167
B-337
B-407
B-4'66
B-467
API 5L*

* For reference
Carbon-Hanganese, for
Moderate and Lower
Terperature Service

G 3126 S W 2 5 (1)(2) 17102 EStE315


17102 EStE355

Note (1): Specify Ilrpact Test requirement per ASM.


Note (2): Recognize lcmer m i n i m tensile or yield strengths of the underlined substitute mterials in design con-
sideration, or specify m i n i m tensile and yield strengths per ASM.
CHIYODA STANDARD SPECIFICATION

Table 2 PIPE

ASTH JIS BS DIN


A-53

Pipe, Steel, Black and


Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated
Welded and Seamless

Type F G 3452 SGP 1387 1615 St33

Gr A G 3454 STPG370 3601 ERW 360 1626 St37.0


S 360 1629 St37.0
Gr B G 3454 STPG410 3601 ERW 410 1626 St44.0
S 410 1629 St44.0

A-106

Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe


f o r High-Terrperature
Service

Gr A G 3456 STPT370 3602 HFS360 17175 St35.8


3602 CFS360
Gr B G 3456 STPT410 3602 HFYllO 17175 St45.8
3602 CFS410

Gr C G 3456 STPTW 3602 HFS460 17175 St45.8


3602 CFS460

A-134

Pipe. Steel, E l e c t r i c -
Fusion (Arc)-Welded
(S tzes NPS 16 and Dver)

Haterial

A 283 G r A -D G 3457 STPY400 3602 SAW410 ---


3601 SAW410
A 285 G r A -C G 3457 STPY400 (1) --- ---
A 570 G r 30 - 40 G 3457 STPY400 (1)(2) --- ---
A 36 G 3457 STPY400 3602 SAW410 ---
3601 SAW410

Note (1): Specify carbon, manganese, o r s i l i c o n contents i n accordance w i t h ASTM.

Note (2): Recognize lower m i n i m t e n s i l e o r y i e l d strengths o f t h e underlined s u b s t i t u t e materials i n design con-


s i d e r a t i o n , o r s p e c i f y m i n i m t e n s i l e and y i e l d strengths per ASTM.
G 0001 E R 4
CHIYODA STANDARD SPECIFICATION

Arm JIS BS DIN


A-135
Electric-Resistance-
Welded Steel Pipe
Gr A G 3454 STPG370 3601 ERH360 1626 St37.0
Gr 8 G 3454 STPG410 3601 ERW410 1626 St44.0

A-139
Electric-Fusion (Arc)-
Welded Steel Pi
(HPS 4 and w e r r
GrA-E G 3457 STPY400 (2)(3) 3602 SAW410 (2) ---
3601 SAW410 (2)
A-211
Spiral-Welded Steel or
Iron Pipe
A 570 Gr 30-45 G 3457 STPY4OO (2)(3) 3602 SAW 410 (2) ---
3601 SAW 410 (2)
A 570 Gr 50 --- 3602 SAW 460 (2) ---
A-312
Seamless and Welded .
Austenitic Stainless
Steel Pipe
TP 304 (18Cr-Mi) G 3459 SUS304TP 3605-304S18,S25 17457158 X5CrNi1810
TP 304H (18Cr-Mi) G 3459 SUS304HTP 3605-304559 ---
TP 304L (18Cr-mi) G 3459 SUS304LTP 3605-304S14,S22 17457158 X2CrNi1911
TP 309 (23Cr-12Hi) G 3459 SUS309STP --- ---
TP 310 (25Cr-20Ni) G 3459 SUS310STP --- ---
TP 316 (16Cr-12Hi-W) G 3459 SUS316TP 3605-316518,S26 17457158 WCrNiHo17122
TP 316H (16Cr-12Ni-2Mo) G 3459 SUS316HlP 3605-316559 17459E X6CrN it401713
TP 316L (16Cr-12Ni-240) G 3459 SUS316LTP 3605-316S14,S22 17457158 X2CrNiHo17132
TP 321 (18Cr-1ONi-Ti) G 3459 SUS321TP 3605-321S18,S22 17457158 X6CrHiTil810
TP 321H (18Cr-12Hi-Ti) G 3459 SUS321HTP 3605-321S59 SEW470 X12CrN iTil89
TP 347 (1BCr-1ONi-Cb) G 3459 SUS347TP 3605-347518,517 17457158 X6CrNiNbl810
TP 347H (18Cr-1OHi-Cb) G 3459 SUS347H TP 3605-347559 ---

Note (1): Specify electric resistance-welding.


Note (2): Recognize lower m i n i m tensile or yield strengths of the underlined substitute materials in design con-
sideration, or specify m i n i m tensile and yield strengths per ASTM.
Note (3): Specify carbon. manganese. or silicon contents in accordance with ASTH.
ASlH JIS BS DIN
A-333
Seamless and Helded
Steel Pipe f o r Low-
Terrperature Service
Gr 1 G 3460 STPL3BO 3603-CFS410 LT50 17173 TTSt35H
3603-HFS410 LT50 17174 TTSt35H
3603-ERH410 LT50
3603-CEW410 LT50
Gr 3 (3-1/2~1) G 3460 STPL450 3603-HFS503 LTlOO 17173 10Hi14
3603-CFS503 LTlOO
Gr 6 --- 3603-CFS410 LT50 S01680 llSt45N
3603-HFS410 LT50
3603-ERW410 LTSO
3603-CEH410 LT50
Gr 8 (9Ni) G 3460 STPL690 3603-HFS509 LT196 17173 XBHi9
3603-CFS509 LT196

A-335
Seamless F e r r i t i c Alloy-
Steel Pipe f o r High-
Terrperature Service
Gr P 1 (c-l/$io) G 3458 STPA12 --- 17175 1 5 t l o ~

Gr P5 (5~r-1l~Mc1) - G 3458 STPA25 3604 CFS625 (1) Wbl 00712 12CrMo195 (2)
3604 HFS625 (1)
Gr P9 (9Cr-1Ho) G 3458 STPA26 3604-CFS629-470 (1) Hbl 109 X12Crtb91 (2)
3604-HFS629-470' (1)
Gr PI1 (1-1/4~r-1/2tb) G 3458 STPA23 3604 CFS621 17175 13Crflo44
3604 HFS621
Gr PI2 ( l ~ r - l l ~ ~ o ) G 3458 STPA22 3604 CFS620-460 (1) 17175 13Crflo44
3604 HFS620-46b (1)
Gr P22 ( ~ - l / ~ ~ r - l t b ) G 3458 STPA24 3604 CFS622 17175 lOCrflo910
3604 HFS622

Hote (1): Recognize lcmer m i n i m t e n s i l e o r y i e l d strengths of the under1 ined s u b s t i t u t e materials in design con-
s i d e r a t i o n , o r specify m i n i m t e n s i l e and y i e l d strengths per ASTH.
Note (2): Vdliiv-Werkstoftblatt
G 0001 E R 4
CHIYODA STANDARD SPECIFICATION

JIS

Electric-Fusion-Welded
Austenitlc Chranium-Nickel
Alloy Steel Pipe for High-
Terrperature Service
I
1 304
Material
A240, Type 304
I 3605 LWHT 304518
304L A240, Type 304L 3605 LWHT 304514

316 A240, Type 316 3605 LWHT 316518


316L A240, Type 316L 3605 LWHT 316514

3605 LWHT 321518

1 347 A240, Type 347 1 3605 LWHT 347518

Seamless Austenitic Steel


Pipe for High-Tenperature
Central-Station Service

Welded Large D i m t e r
Austenltic Steel Pipe
for Corrosive or High-
Tenperature Service

Note (1): Specify seamless.


AZW JIS/JPI 0s DIN
A-524
Seamless Carbon Steel
Pipe for Amspheric and
L w r Tarperatlrres
Gr 1 SEW680 lTSt4l
Gr 1 1 ---
A-587
Electric-Welded Lm-Carbon
Steel Pipe for
the Chemical Industry
G 3454 STPG370 (l)(2) 1626 St37.0

A-611
Electric-Fusion-Welded
Steel Pipe for Aimspheric
and L m r Tenperatures

--
Grade Haterial
CA55 A285 Gr C -- ---
---
---
---
CB60 A515 Gr 60 JP1 - W 2
CB65 A515 Gr 65 JPI-SB46 --- ---
CB70 A515 Gr 70 JPI-SB49 --- ---
CC60 A516 Gr 60 31-SLA.240 (3) --- ---
CC65 A516 Gr 65 , JPI-SW3B (3) --- ---
CD70 A537 CL 1 . --- --- ---
CE55 A442 Gr 55 --- --- ---
CE60 A442 Gr 6 0 1-SPV24
3 --- ---
CF70 A203 Gr B --- --- --a

CF71 A203 Gr E JPI-SL3N28 --- ---


a75 A299 --- --- ---

Note (1): Specify electric resistance-welding.


Note (2): H a x i m carbon content shall be 0.15%.
Note (3): Specify Inpact Test r e q u i m n t per ASM.
ASTM JIS/JPI BS DIN
A-672
Electric-Fusion-Welded
Steel Pipe for High-pressure
Service at W e r a t e
Terrperatures
--
Grade Material
A55 A285 Gr C JPI-SB42 --- ---
855 A515 Gr 55 --- --- ---
860 A515 Gr 60 JPI-S542 --- ---
865 A515 Gr 65 JPI-SB46 --- ---
870 A515 Gr 70 JPI-S849 --- ---
C55 A516 Gr 55 --- ---
C60 A516Gr60 JPI-G~B --- ---
C65 A516 Gr 65 JPI-SLA338 --- ---
C70 A516 Gr 70 --- --- ---
D70 A537 CL 1 --- --- ---
E55 A442 Gr 55 --- --- ---
E60 A442 Gr 60 JPI -SPV24 --- ---
L65 A204 Gr A JPI-W6M --- ---
L70 A204 Gr B JPI-SB49M (2) --- ---
L75 A204 Gr C --- --- ---
H75 A299 --- --- ---

Note (1): Specify Irrpact Test r e q u i m n t per ASTM.


Hote (2): Recognize 1- m i n i m tensile or yield strengths of the underlined substitute mterials in design con-
sideration, or specify m i n i m tensile and yield strengths per ASTM.