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45 NOTES TO PG

Dr. Ankit Yadavendra, M.B.B.S., Dr.V.M.G.M.C., Solapur

39-TRIAD, SYNDROME
TRIAD
a/c GVHD
bldy diarrh
jaundice
skin blister
achalasia cardia
dysphagia
regurgitation
wt loss
acrodermatitis enteropathica
diarrhoea
dermatitis
dwarsm
alkaptonuria
homogentisic aciduria
black pigmentation of cartilage,collagenous ts
ochronotic arthritis
anaesthesia
analgesia
amnesia
m relaxation
anal ssure
anal papilla
ssure
sentinel pile
Barrett esoph
heartburn
epigastric pain
regurgitation
Beck(card tamponade)
BP
JVP
muffle HS
Bichat tripod life
brain

heart
lung
Bochdalek hernia
scaphoid abdomen
resp distress
dextrocardia
Borchardt
pain
retching
inability to pass nasogastric tube
Carney
GIST
paraganglioma
pulm enchondroma
catalytic(serine protease)
Ser
HiS
ASp
Charcot(cholangitis)
RUQ pain
fever
jaundice
choledochal cyst
abd pain
jaundice
abd mass
Cushing reflex(ICP)
HTN
HR
RR
dyskeratosis congenita
mucosal memb leukoplasia
dystrophic nail
reticular hyperpigmentation
ectopic preg
abd pain
amenorrhoea
blding
emphysematous pyelonephritis
fever

vomiting
flank pain
fat embolism
resp sympt(RR)
neurological sympt(disorientation)
petechial rash(conjunctival petechiae)
fem athlete
disordered eating
amenorrhoea
osteoporosis
Galazia
Peyronie ds
Dupuytren contracture
Ormond ds
glomus tm
sensitivity to cold
localised tenderness
severe intermittent pain
Graves ds
hyperthy
exophthalmos
pretibial myxoedema
hemolytic anem
anem
unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
erythroid hyperplasia in bone marrow
Hotchkiss terrible triad elbow
elbow dislocation
#radial head
#coronoid
Hutchinson(late onset cong syphilis)
interstitial keratitis
SNHL
Hutchinson teeth(peg shaped upper central incisor)
LuCiani(CerebeLLar ds)
atonia
asthenia
astasia
Mackler(Boerhaave synd)
vomiting

low chest pain


subcutaneous emphysema
MacMohan&Pugh ecological
agent
host
environment
Marshall(explosion inj)
punctate abrasion
punctate contusion
laceration
Meneire ds(TVS)
Tinnitus
Vertigo
SNHL(fluctuation)
Murphy
pain
fever
jaundice
norm pressure hydrocephalus
dementia
urin incontinence
abnorm gait
O'Donoghue/unhappy(knee inj-abd,ER)
ACL inj
PCL inj
medial meniscus, med collateral,med capsular lig
Ollier
multifocal enchondroma
Osler
pneumococcal pneum
inf endocarditis
meningitis
osteogenesis imperfecta
fragile bone
blue sclera
early deafness
pelagra
diarrhoea
dermatitis
dementia

Phemister(TB arthritis)
osteoporosis
erosion
jt space narrowing
poikiloderma
atrophy
reticulate pigmentation
telangiectasia
portal
hepatic a
portal v
bile duct
psoriasis
Munro microabscess
parakeratosis
epidermal hyperplasia
Quinke(hemobilia)
GI hge(melena>hematemesis)
pain
jaundice
RCC
hematuria
flank pain
palpable mass in flank
retinitis pigmentosa
waxy disc pallor
arteriolar attenuation
bony spicule
Riggler(GB stone)
multiple air fluid level abd
radio-opaque shadow in ileum
air in biliary tree
Saint
hiatus hernia
diverticulosis
GB stone
Sampter
nasal polyp
INtrinsic br asthma
aspirIN sensitivity

Sec syphilis
non-itchy rash
LNpathy
mucos lesion(Snail track ulcer, condyloma lata)
thallium
alopecia
skin rash
painful periph neuropathy
ThromboAngiitis Obliterans(TAO)
claudication
Raynaud phenom
migrating superf thrombophlebitis
Tillaux(mesenteric cyst)
fluctuant swelling near umbilicus
move freely vertically
dull,surrounded by zone of resonance
Trotter(nasopharyng ca)
glue ear
CNV palsy
CNX palsy
Virchow
endoth inj
stasis
cell
Vogt
pigm glaucoma
concave iris
reversible pupil block
Waddell(child inj by car while crossing road)
#femur
head inj
thoracic inj
Weg granulomatosis
necrotising granuloma resp tract
necrotisinh granulomat vasculitis lung
focal necrotising GN
Whipple(insulinoma)
c/f hypoglycemia
RBS<55mg/dl
sympt reverse on administering glu

TETRAD
Refsum ds
periph neuropathy
retinitis pigmentosa
cerebellar ataxia
CSF prot conc
SYNDROME
ALLgrove
ALicrimia
AchaLasia cardia
ACTH resistant adrenaL insuff
Alport(XD>AD>AR)
ant lenticonus(oil globular reflex)
SNHL
painless hematuria
antiphospholipid Ab
prot C def
prot S def
antithrombin III def
Antley Bixler synd
17 hydroxylase def
21 hydroxylase def
virilization of mother
Anton
A/c blindness
norm pupillary rxn
ApERT
MiTTEn ngER
apical balloon(Takotsubo cardiomyopathy)
sudden emotional trauma transient catecholamine mediated cardiomyopathy
appendicitis like
Pasturella septica inf
Asperger
language skill relatively intact
Blint
CNII ataxia
CNIII apraxia
simultanagnosia

Barlow/floppy valve
MVP
Beckwith Widemann(WT2 gene)
organomegaly
hemihypertrophy
macroglossia
omphalocele
adrenal cytomegaly
Wilms tm
Behcet(UGO)
Uveitis(recurr hypopyon, non granulom)
Genital ulcer
Oral ulcer
BOIleD lOBSteR
BORIc acID pOISOnI
BPES
Blepharochemosis(horiz aperture<28mm)
Ptosis
Epicanthus
Briquet
somatisation disorder
burning feet
vitB5 def
Capgras
delusion that someone else is present as imposter
capita ulna
RA hand
volar subluxation carpus
dorsal subluxation ulna
Caplan
RA
pneumoconiosis(siliCosis, Coal)
pulm nodule
cepacia
sepsis
resp distress
soil
CHARGE
Coloboma

Heart defect
choanal Atresia
Retard growth
Genitourinary abnorm
Ear defect
Chediac Higashi synd
rptd inf
albinism
neurologic decit
PLT granule release defect
Cogan
interstitial keratitis
deafn
Collet Sicard
CNIX
CNX
CNXI
commotio cordis
blunt inj chest VF
contradi(warfarin tox)
growth retard
hypoplasia nose
hypoplasia hand bone
corpus cancer
ca endometrium
DM
HTN
obesity
Cotard
nihilistic delusion
Couvade
husband of preg fem goes in labour
Cowden
ca breast
facial trichilemmoma
papilloma lip,oral mucosa
acral keratosis
GI polyp
uterine broid
Dacosta

cardiac neurosis
deClarambault
erotomania
DenYS Drash
gonaDal DYSgenesis
gonaDoblastoma
early onset nephropathy
Wilms tm
dialysis dementia
Al poisoning
Dressler
postMI
pleural effusion
Eagle Barrett/prune belly
def abdominal m
b/l intraabd testes
dilated urinary tract
Eisenmenger
systemic pulm CVS complicat
pulm a ds sever pulm HTN
cyanosis
Elsberg
genital HSV(2>1)
recur cauda equina neuritis
Ewan
preg
PLT(<50000/mm)
Fanconi
PLT
absent radius
thumb deformity
Felty
RA
splenomegaly
neutropenia
Fitz Hugh Curtis
PID
band fr rt FT liver
infertility

floppy iris
tamsulosin
FraSier
mal pSeudohermaphrodite(XY)
FSGS
Ganser
approximate answering(vorbieriden)
confusion
conversion sympt
hallucination
Gerstmann(lt parietal lobe)
nger agnosia
rt-lt confusion
acalculia
alexia
Giasbock
spurious polycythemia
glucagonoma
anem
dermatitis(necrolytic migratory erythema)
stomatitis
wt loss
Gradenigo
CNVI palsy
retroorbital pain(CNV)
persistent ear discharge
Grisel(nontraumatic atlantoaxial subluxation)
torticollis
cervical pain
neurologic complication
radiculopathy
Hallerman Streiff
memb cataract
Hamman Rich
a/c interstitial pneum
HELLP
Hemolysis(PS-schistocyte, helmet cell)
Elevated Liver enzyme(AST70IU/l)
Low PLT(<1lac/mm)

HemolyTic uremic(RAT)(5HT)
Renal failure
Anem(microangiopathic Coombve hemolysis)
Thrombocytopenia
Hermansky Pudlak
granulomatous colitis
ILD
hide&die/paradox undress/terminal burrowing
hypothermia
holliday heart
heavy alcohol consumption
AF
Holt Oram
absent thumb
absent radius
Horner
diplopia
miosis
anhydrosis(least common)
enophthalmos
ptosis
heterochromia iridis
loss of ciliospinal reflex
HutchiNsoN
Neuroblastoma
jt pain
iridocorneal endoth
iris atrophy
abnorm corneal endoth
corneal edema
sec angle closure glaucoma
Irvine Gass
pseudophakic cystoid macular edema
Kallman
anosmia
GnRH
prim amenorrhoea
KarTagener
dexTrocardia/siTus inversus

nasal polyp
bronchiectasis
Kasabach Merritt
hemangioma
PLT
coagulopathy
KEARn SayRE synd
REtinitis pigmentosa
ocular myopathy
hEARt defect
KerNer MorrisoN
Neuroblastoma
diarrh(VIP)
Klippel Feil
low hair line
b/l neck webbing
restriction of neck movement
Kluver Bucy(temporal lobe/amygdala inj)
visual agnosia
hypermetamorphosia
hypersexuality
Koro
death of pt due to extreme anxiety of receding penis
LANdau Kleffner
sz in child
LANguage defect
Laron
GH receptor mutation(GH resistance)
Lennox Gestaut
atypical absence sz child
Leriche
aortoiliac obstruction
b/l gluteal claudication
impotence(L1 palsy)
LeRMoyez(Reverse of Meniere ds)
SNHL
Vertigo
Tinnitus

liFraumeni(p53)
ca adrenal gld
ca breast
leukemia
osteosarcoma
soft ts sarcoma
LOBSTEin
OSTEogenesis imperfecta(Brittle Bone ds)
Loeys Dietz
bid uvula
Lowe(oculocerebrorenal)
cong cataract,glaucoma
microcephaly, mental retardation
PCT defect(Fanconi synd), RTA2
Lutembacher
ASD(cong ostium secondum)
MS(RHD)
Lynch
ca endometrium
ca colon
ca ovary
MaffuCCi
Multiple enChondromatosis(Ollier ds)
Cavernous hemangioma
Magnan(cocaine poisoni)
cocaine bug/formication
delusion of persecution
Manchausen
pseudologia fantastica
Marchifava Bingami
corpus callosum necrosis
alcoholism
May Thurner
lt comm iliac v compression b/n rt comm iliac a&LS spine
Mazabraud
polyostotic brous dysplasia
intraMural MyxoMa
McCune Albright

polyostotic brous dysplasia


precocious puberty
cfe-au-lait spot
MEDNIK
Mental retardation
Enteropathy
Deafness
Neuropathy
Ichthyosis
Keratoderma
Meig
ovarian broma
ascites
pleural effusion(rt)
MEN1/Werner
hyperParathy(parathy hyperplasia)
endocrine Pancr tm(gastrinoma>insulinoma)
Pituitary adenoma(prolactinoma)
MEN2A/Sipple
hyperParathy
ca thy medullary
adrenal adenoma(pheochromocytoma)
MEN2B
ca thy medullary
adrenal adenoma(pheochromocytoma)
neuroma
Mendelson
aspiration in preg
pH<2.5
vol>25ml
Miller Fisher
ataxia
opthalmoplegia
areflexia
miserabl malalignm
femoral neck anteversion
Q angle
tibia vera
genu valgum
morning glory
lamina cribrosa absent

Muir
ca breast
BCC
GI tm
Muir Torre
multiple cutaneous sebaceous adenoma
nutcracker
lt ren v compression b/n aorta&SMA
obesity hypoventilation
BMI>30kg/m
sleep disordered breathing
pCO2>45mmHg
Oldeld
sebaceous cyst
colon polyp
adenoca colon
Ortner/cardiovocal
MS
LA dilatation
RLN compression
Osler Weber Rendue
hereditary hgic telangiectasia
portWine stain face
encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis
Othello
alcoholic
delusional jealousy/infedility
Parinaud/dorsal midbrain
supranuclear verticle gaze palsy
downward ocular deviation
lid retraction
Parsonage Turner(a/c brachial plexitis, neuralgica myotrophy)
immune mediated brachial plexus neuropathy
patulous Eustachian tube
absent Ostmann fatpad
Pendred
SNHL
PrePubertal goitre

Pepper
neuroblastoma
hepatomegaly
Peutz Jeghers
multiple hamartomatous polyp
pigmentation of lip&buccal mucosa
ca breast
POEMS/Crow Fukase/Takatsuki
Polyneuropathy(periph n damage)
Organomegaly
Endocrinopathy
M protein
Skin abnorm(hyperpigmentation, hypertrichosis)
propofol infusion
metab acidosis
skeletal myopathy
a/c cardiomyopathy
pseudoMeig
ovarian tm
ascites
pleural effusion
purple toe
warfarin toxicity
Ramsay Hunt
LMN CNVII palsy
anesthetic face
giddiness
REfsum
REtinitis pigmentosa
periph neuropathy
cerebellar ataxia
Reiter(RUC)(keratoderma blenorrhagicum)
Reactive arthritis
Urethritis
Conjunctivitis
Ross
pupil involved
loss of knee jerk
rubella(oculoauricularcardiac)

SNHL
total cataract(pearly white)
PDA
RuvalCAba Myhre Smith
CA Colon
Schwartz
rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
uveitis
glaucoma
Sezary
Sezary cell in bld
erythroderma
generalised skin involvement
Sheehan
Sec amenorrhea
shoulder
no abduction>90
pain in shoulder
drooping,abduction,external rotation shoulder
shoulder hand
INH
Shwachman
pancr malabsorption, steatorrhoea
failure to thrive
metaphyseal dysplasia
neutropenia
slipping clutch
frontal gait disorder
Steel Richardson(progressive supranuclear palsy)
extended posture
defective downward gaze
h/o fall
dementia
straight back
loss of norm kyphosis
MVP
Streakhouse
Schatzki(B) ring(lumen diam<13mm)

Sturge Weber
cerebral atrophy
cong glaucoma
portwine stain
leptomeningeal meningioma
superior orbital ssure
proptosis
total external ophthalmoplegia
Swyer(pure gonadal dysgenesis)
XY karyotype
uterus,FT present, norm fem external genital
ovary, testis, seminal vesicle, prostate absent
TAR(thrombocytopenia absent radius)
PLT
Absent radius
3rd&4th pouch/Digeorge/CATCH synd
Cardiac anomalies
Absent thymus
T cell def
Coarse dysmorphic feature
Hypocalcemic tetany
Tietz
costochondritis 2nd costal cartilage
Tolosa Hunt/orbital apex(idiop)
proptosis
painful total external ophthalmoplegia
blindness
cavernous sinus dilatation
transient hypopyon
Behcet ds
recurr hypopyon
tumour lysis
hypocalcemia
hyperphosphatemia
hyperkalemia
hyperuricemia
Turcot
polyposis
medulloblastoma
Urrets Zavalia

sec glaucoma
iris atrophy
xed dilated pupil
van der Hoeve
osteogenesis imperfecta
blue sclera
conductive deafness
Verner Morrison/WDHA(VIPoma)
Watery Diarrhoea
Hypokalemia
Achlorhydria
vitreous touch
glaucoma
uveitis
hyphema
von Hippel Lindau
cerebellar hemangioblastoma
retinal angioma
RCC
pheochromocytoma
WAGR(WT1 gene)
Wilms tm
Aniridia
Genital anomaly
mental Retardation
Weil Marchesani
Microspherophakia
Wilkie/SMA/CAST
3rd part duod compression b/n aorta&SMA
William
short stature
Eln facies
hypercalcemia
supravalvular AS
learning difcult
Wiscott Aldrich(TIA)
Thrombocytopenia(blding)
Immunodef(recur bact inf)
Atopic dermatitis(eczema)
Woolf

piebaldism
deafn
Wunderlich
angiomyolipoma
massive retroperitoneal hge
yellow nail
yellow nail
bronchiectasis
chylous pleural effusion
YOung
azOOspermia
nasal polyp
bronchiectasis
Zellweger(cerebrohepatorenal)
inherited absence peroxisome
Zieve
alc liver cirrhosis
hemolytic anem
deep jaundice
Zollinger Ellison(gastrinoma)
non islet cell tm pancr
gastric acid hypersecretion
GI ulcer
Zuska
c/c recurr periductal mastitis(retroareolar abscess)
smoking
Abbreviations
a-artery, AA-amino acid, abtc-antibiotic, AI-autoimmune
bef-before, bel-below, b/l-bilateral, bld-blood, b/n-between, bn-benign, br-branch,
Bx-biopsy
ca-carcinoma, carb-carbohydrate, c/i-contraindication, c/l-contralateral,
conc-concentration, cong-congenital, Cx-cervix
d-day, def-deficient, ds-disease, d/t-due to, Dx-diagnosis
E-estrogen
fem-female, fr-from
gld-gland, glu-glucose
h-hormone
idiop-idiopathic, i/l-ipsilateral, inf-infection, inj-injury
lig-ligament, LL-lower limb, l/t-leading to
m-muscle, maj-major, mal-male, MC-most common, met-metastasis, min-minor,
mtx-methotrexate, Mx-management
n-nerve, norm-normal

P-progesterone, pl-plasma, prot-protein, pt-patient


Rx-treatment
SCC-squamous cell carcinoma, sr-serum, Sx-surgery, sz-seizure
tm-tumour, ts-tissue
UL-upper limb, u/l-unilateral
vag-vagina, VC-vocal cord, vel-velocity, vert-vertebra, vit-vitamin, vol-volume
w-week, wt-weight
Xr-X ray
y-year
#-fracture
-degree
-(N.B.-THESE NOTES ARE ONLY FOR THE PURPOSE OF GUIDANCE AND HELP
TO PG ASPIRANTS, NOT FOR COMMERCIAL OR OTHER PURPOSE. REFERENCE
HAS BEEN TAKEN FROM VARIOUS STANDARD TEXTBOOKS. FOR ANY
FEEDBACK/QUERY PLEASE CONTACT- ankit.yadavendra@facebook.com or
dr.ankityadavendra@gmail.com )