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Laporan Akhir SID Pembangunan Embung Sungai Air Santan Kabupaten Lebong

DAFTAR ISI

KATA PENGANTAR ..............................................................................................

DAFTAR IS I.........................................................................................................

ii

DAFTAR TABEL....................................................................................................

iii

DAFTAR GAMBAR................................................................................................

iv

BAB I. PENDAHULUAN ........................................................................................

I-1

1.1............................................................................ LATAR BELAKANG


..................................................................................................... I-1
1.2.......................................................................MAKSUD DAN TUJUAN
..................................................................................................... I-1
1.3.......................................................................................... SASARAN
..................................................................................................... I-2
1.4.........................................................................LINGKUP PEKERJAAN
..................................................................................................... I-2
1.5...........................................................................LOKASI PEKERJAAN
..................................................................................................... I-2
BAB II. IDENTIFIKASI LOKASI EMBUNG TERPILIH................................................

II-5

2.1.............................................................................. LOKASI EMBUNG


.................................................................................................... II-5
2.2...........................................GEOLOGI REGIONAL LOKASI PEKERJAAN
.................................................................................................... II-8
BAB III. ANALISA HIDROLOGI .............................................................................
3.1........................................................................ HUJAN RANCANGAN
................................................................................................... III-2
3.2........................................................................ BANJIR RANCANGAN
................................................................................................... III-3
3.2.1.................................................Distribusi Hujan Jam-Jaman
......................................................................................... III-3
3.2.2............................................................Koefisien Pengaliran
......................................................................................... III-4
3.2.3...................................................................Hidrograf Banjir
......................................................................................... III-5

III-2

Laporan Akhir SID Pembangunan Embung Sungai Air Santan Kabupaten Lebong
3.3................................................................. ANALISA KETERSEDIAAN
................................................................................................. III-15
3.3.1........................Metode Perhitungan Debit Andalan Fj Mock
....................................................................................... III-15
3.3.2..................................Perhitungan Kebutuhan Air Tanaman
....................................................................................... III-20
3.3.3.........................................Perhitungan Kebutuhan Air Baku
....................................................................................... III-21
3.3.4......................................................Perhitungan Neraca Air
....................................................................................... III-22
BAB IV. DESAIN TUBUH EMBUNG ......................................................................
4.1.......................................................................................... UMUM
............................................................................................... IV-1
4.2...........................................................................TUBUH EMBUNG
............................................................................................... IV-1
4.3............................................................................... DEBRIS FLOW
............................................................................................... IV-2
4.3.1..................................................Tinggi Muka Air Embung
..................................................................................... IV-3
4.3.2........................................................KAPASITAS EMBUNG
..................................................................................... IV-3
4.4........................................PENENTUAN DIMENSI TUBUH EMBUNG
............................................................................................... IV-5
4.4.1......................................................Lebar Puncak Embung
...................................................................................... IV-6
4.4.2...................................................Elevasi Puncak Embung
...................................................................................... IV-7
4.4.3..................................................................Tinggi Embung
...................................................................................... IV-8
4.4.4......................................................Lebar Puncak Embung
...................................................................................... IV-8
4.4.5............................................................Kemiringan Lereng
...................................................................................... IV-9
4.4.6............Stabilitas Tubuh Embung Urugan Tanah Majemuk
...................................................................................... IV-9
4.4.7..................Stabilitas Tubuh Embung terhadap Longsoran
.................................................................................... IV-10
4.5........................STABILITAS EMBUNG TERHADAP ALIRAN FILTRASI
............................................................................................. IV-13

IV-1

Laporan Akhir SID Pembangunan Embung Sungai Air Santan Kabupaten Lebong
4.5.1....................Analisa Formasi Garis Depresi Pada Embung
.................................................................................... IV-14
4.5.2................................................Pelindung Lereng Embung
.................................................................................... IV-17
4.5.3................................................Bangunan Pengelak Aliran
.................................................................................... IV-18
BAB V. DESAIN PELIMPAH...................................................................................
5.1.......................................................................................... UMUM
................................................................................................ V-1
5.2................................................................... ANALISA HIDRAULIKA
................................................................................................ V-2
5.2.1......................Bagian Pengatur Aliran (Spillway Weir)
................................................................................. V-2
5.2.2.....................................Saluran Transisi dan Peluncur
................................................................................. V-4
5.3............................................................. ANALISA KOLAM OLAKAN
................................................................................................. 25

V-1

Laporan Akhir SID Pembangunan Embung Sungai Air Santan Kabupaten Lebong

DAFTAR TABEL
Tabel 3.1............................................................................ Koefisien Pengaliran

....................................................................................................... III-4
Tabel 3.2............................................................................ Koefisien Pengaliran

....................................................................................................... III-5
Tabel 3.3Debit Rancangan Metode Rasional Mononobe Embung Sungai Air

Santan..................................................................................................
III-8
Tabel 3.4Debit Rancangan Metode Rasional Haspers Embung Sungai Air Santan
....................................................................................................... III-9
Tabel 3.5Debit Rancangan Metode Rasional Nakayasu Embung Sungai Air

Santan.................................................................................................. III-12
Tabel 3.6.......Debit Rancangan Metode Snyder Embung Sungai Air Santan

..................................................................................................... III-14
Tabel 3.7........................................ Tabel Kegunaan Air dan Keandalanannya

..................................................................................................... III-15
Tabel 3.8................................................................. Resume Hasil Perhitungan

..................................................................................................... III-18
Tabel 3.9Perhitungan Volume Tampungan Untuk Melayani Kebutuhan Tana
Layanan Irigasi.............................................................................III-22
Tabel 4.1Luas Genangan dan Volume Tampungan Embung Sungai Air Santan

....................................................................................................... IV-4
Tabel 4.2.......................................... Data Desain Embung Sungai Air Santan

....................................................................................................... IV-6
Tabel 4.3........................................................... Lebar Puncak Tubuh Embunng

....................................................................................................... IV-6
Tabel 4.4....................................... Angka Keamanan menurut Bowles (1989)

..................................................................................................... IV-11
Tabel 4.5.............................................................................. Koordinat Parabola
..................................................................................................... IV-17

Laporan Akhir SID Pembangunan Embung Sungai Air Santan Kabupaten Lebong

Laporan Akhir SID Pembangunan Embung Sungai Air Santan Kabupaten Lebong
DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 1.1. Peta Lokasi Sungai Air Santan......................................................

I-3

Gambar 2.2. Foto Lokasi Sungai Air Santan ......................................................

II-6

Gambar 2.3. Citra 3D Sungai Air Santan dengan Menggunakan Software Global
Mapper V13........................................................................................................

II-7

...........................................................................................................................

Gambar 2.4. Peta Geologi Lokasi Embung.........................................................

II-9

Gambar 3.1. Bagan Alir Analisis Hujan Rancangan...........................................

III-2

Gambar 3.2. Bagan Alir Analisis Banjir Rancangan...........................................

III-6

Gambar 3.3. Unit Hidrograf Satuan Sintetik Nakayasu...................................... III-10


Gambar 4.1. Grafik Lengkung Kapasitas Embung Sungai Air Santan................

IV-5

Gambar 4.2. Potongan Melintang Tubuh Embung..............................................

IV-6

Gambar 4.3. Kondisi Air Awal............................................................................ IV-12


Gambar 4.4. Kondisi Air Terisi penuh................................................................. IV-13
Gambar 4.5. Garis Deresi Pada Embung Homogen........................................... IV-15
Gambar 4.6. Garis Deresi Tubuh Embung Awal................................................. IV-16
Gambar 4.7. Denah Bangunan Pengela Air....................................................... IV-18
Gambar 5.1. ANALISA HIDRAULIKA....................................................................

V-2

Gambar 5.2. Geometri Pelimpah Tipe Oge........................................................

V-2

Gambar 5.3. Grafik Koefisien Limpasan Pada Berbagai Tipe Embung...............

V-3

Gambar 5.4. Skema Hidrolis Saluran Terbua.....................................................

V-4