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Netflix and Chill?

The Confidence Interval Mini-Project


An investigative report looking into how much time LASA
Seniors spend watching entertainment programs such as TV,
movies, Netflix, YouTube, etc.

Zach Stence
January 25th, 2016
Crow Statistics
Period A2

Zach Stence
January 25th, 2016

Netflix and Chill?

Anywhere between 11 and 17 hours each week, LASA Seniors find themselves sitting on
a couch or in bed watching TV and movies. I conducted a study to find out how much
time LASA Seniors spend watching entertainment programs such as TV, movies, Netflix,
YouTube, Hulu, etc. I chose to investigate this because currently with teenagers there is a
large trend of binge-watching. These long events are where teenagers, and sometimes even
young adults, spend hours on end watching every single episode of their favorite TV show on
Netflix. I wanted to find out just how much time was spent doing that. This motivated me
to ask LASA Seniors how much time they spend doing this to gain insight into high school
patterns.
The population I took my sample from was all LASA Seniors in the Class of 2016. I
conducted a simple random sample of the population to gain a sample of thirty individuals
with which I constructed 3 different confidence intervals (90%, 95%, and 98%). First, I obtained a list of LASA Seniors from the main office and numbered each student with a unique
number. Then, I used a certified random number generator to randomize which thirty students I would survey. This meant that each student had an equal chance of being chosen,
therefore making it a simple random sample. Once I had a list of thirty students to survey,
I sought them out during school to ask them my question: How many hours per week do
you spend actively watching entertainment programs (TV, movies, Netflix, YouTube, Hulu,
etc.)? Surveyees were asked for their name, number of hours per week, and a signature allowing me to use their data in my study. There is very little possibility that my sample is
not representative of my population (since it is a simple random sample), however it is still
possible because the random number generator could have selected students that all were
similar, not representative of the population. As well, after I had collected my study some
other students pointed out that the list from the office had some students listed twice, and
some listed that do not attend LASA anymore. This could have also affected my study by
changing the odds of a person being selected to be surveyed. However, I believe that these

Zach Stence
January 25th, 2016

Netflix and Chill?

errors are minute and do not affect my study too much.


The three confidence intervals I generated were for 90, 95, and 98% confidence. The intervals I got were (12.449, 16.684), (12.018, 17.115), and (11.498, 17.635) respectively. These
intervals mean that if this study was repeated many times, 90, 95, and 98% of the intervals
generated would capture the true population mean.
Overall, I found this data not so surprising. On average, LASA Seniors in the Class of
2016 watch 14.567 hours of entertainment per week. This is only around two hours per day
which seems normal for most people. At the end of a long stressful day, most come home
and relax in front of their favorite TV show. However, all people should be careful with how
much time they spend watching TV and balance it with being active and social, including
LASA Seniors.

Zach Stence
January 25th, 2016

Netflix and Chill?

Appendix A
R Code and Output
1

# #### The Confidence Interval Mini - Project #####

# Generate sample statistics

xbar <- mean ( data $ hours )

xbar

sd <- sd ( data $ hours )

sd

hist ( data $ hours , main = " Entertainment Watched by LASA Seniors " , xlab = " Hours /
Week " )

# Construct 90% confidence interval

10

t90 = 1.699

11

low90 <- xbar - t90 * sd / sqrt (30)

12

high90 <- xbar + t90 * sd / sqrt (30)

13

cat ( " 90% - ( " , low90 , " ," , high90 , " ) " )

14

15

# Construct 95% confidence interval

16

t95 = 2.045

17

low95 <- xbar - t95 * sd / sqrt (30)

18

high95 <- xbar + t95 * sd / sqrt (30)

19

cat ( " 95% - ( " , low95 , " ," , high95 , " ) " )

20

21

# Construct 98% confidence interval

22

t98 = 2.462

23

low98 <- xbar - t98 * sd / sqrt (30)

24

high98 <- xbar + t98 * sd / sqrt (30)

25

cat ( " 98% - ( " , low98 , " ," , high98 , " ) " )

Code.R

Zach Stence
January 25th, 2016

Netflix and Chill?

Appendix B
Figures Generated During Analysis

Zach Stence
January 25th, 2016

Netflix and Chill?

Appendix C
Signatures of Participants