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SW 815: Farm Irrigation System Design 2010

Assignment #1:
Given: Border irrigation with the following data:
w = 15 m
L = 200 m
Q0 = 0.35 m3/sec
S0 = 0.002
Chezys coefficient, C = 16
z(t) = 0.0874t0.385 + 0.0005t
y = 0.77
Using the recursive approach, find the advance curve and the distribution of infiltration.
Plot the following on a graphing paper:
(a) z vs t
(b) x vs t
(c) z vs L
Solution:
Equation 1:
Q0t y wy 0 X 1 jwX 1 ( z1 z 0 )
y0 ?

V C RS , // where R
Q AV ( wy 0 )(C )

0.35 (15 y 0 )(16)

wy 0
A

P w 2 y0

wy 0
(S )
( w 2 y0 )

15 y 0
(0.002 )
(15 2 y 0 )

0.35 2 (15 y 0 ) 2 (16) 2 (

15 y 0
)(0.002)
15 2 y 0

y 0 0.1025m
Assume t = 5 minutes,

Sherwin O. Millares
Studies
MS in Agricultural Engineering
University

Institute of Graduate
Central Luzon State

SW 815: Farm Irrigation System Design 2010


z t 0.0874 t 0.385 0.0005 t
z t (5) 0.0874(5) 0.385 0.0005(5)
z1 (5) 0.165m
1
1

0.722
1 a 1 0.385
Q 0.35m 3 / s 21m 3 / min
j

Q0t 21 5 105m 3

Q0t y wy 0 X 1 jwX 1 ( z1 z 0 )
105 (0.77)(15)(0.1025)X 1 (0.722)(15)(X 1 )(0.165 0)
X 1 35.4m
Equation 2:
1
Q0 t y wy 0 X 2 jwz 1X 2 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]wX 1
2
Assume t = 10 minutes,

zt 0.0874 t 0.385 0.0005 t


zt (10) 0.0874(10) 0.385 0.0005(10)
z 2 (10) 0.2171m
1
Q0t y wy 0 X 2 jwz1X 2 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]wX 1
2
105 1.183875X 2 1.78695X 2 0.5(0.165 0.0521)(15)(35.4)
X 2 15.94m
Equation 3:
1
1
Q0 t y wy 0 X 3 jwz 1 X 3 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]wX 2 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z 3 z 2 )]wX 1
2
2
Assume t = 15 minutes,

zt 0.0874 t 0.385 0.0005 t


zt (15) 0.0874(15) 0.385 0.0005(15)
z3 (15) 0.2554m

Sherwin O. Millares
Studies
MS in Agricultural Engineering
University

Institute of Graduate
Central Luzon State

SW 815: Farm Irrigation System Design 2010


1
1
Q0 t y wy 0 X 3 jwz 1X 3 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]wX 2 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z 3 z 2 )]wX 1
2
2
105 1.183875X 3 1.78695X 3 0.5(0.165 0.0521)(15)(15.94) 0.5(0.0521 0.0383)(15)(35.4)
105 2.970825X 3 25.954305 24.0012
X 3 18.528353m

Equation 4:
1
1
Q0t y wy 0 X 4 jwz 1X 4 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]wX 3 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z 3 z 2 )]w X 2
2
2
1
[( z 3 z 2 ) ( z 4 z 3 )]w X 1
2
Assume t = 20 minutes,

zt 0.0874 t 0.385 0.0005 t


zt (20) 0.0874(20) 0.385 0.0005(20)
z 4 (20) 0.28695m
1
1
Q0t y wy 0 X 4 jwz 1X 4 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]wX 3 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z 3 z 2 )]w X 2
2
2
1
[( z 3 z 2 ) ( z 4 z 3 )]w X 1
2
105 1.183875 X 4 1.78695 X 4 0.5(0.165 0.0521)(15)(18.528353 )
0.5(0.0521 0.0383 )(15)(15 .94) 0.5(0.0383 0.03155 )(15)(35 .4)
105 2.970825 X 3 30.16879 10.80732 18 .545175
X 4 15.308 m

Equation 5:
1
1
Q0t y wy 0 X 5 jwz 1 X 5 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]w X 4 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z 3 z 2 )]w X 3
2
2
1
1
[( z 3 z 2 ) ( z 4 z 3 )]w X 2 [( z 4 z 3 ) ( z 5 z 4 )]w X 1
2
2
Assume t = 25 minutes,

zt 0.0874 t 0.385 0.0005 t


zt (25) 0.0874(25) 0.385 0.0005(25)
z5 (25) 0.3143m

Sherwin O. Millares
Studies
MS in Agricultural Engineering
University

Institute of Graduate
Central Luzon State

SW 815: Farm Irrigation System Design 2010


1
1
Q0t y wy 0 X 5 jwz 1 X 5 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]w X 4 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z 3 z 2 )]w X 3
2
2
1
1
[( z 3 z 2 ) ( z 4 z 3 )]w X 2 [( z 4 z 3 ) ( z 5 z 4 )]w X 1
2
2
105 1.183875 X 5 1.78695 X 5 0.5(0.165 0.0521)(15)(15.308)
0.5(0.0521 0.0383 )(15)(18 .528353 ) 0.5(0.0383 0.03155 )(15)(15 .94)
0.5(0.03155 0.02735 )(15)(35.4)
105 2.970825 X 5 24 .92525 12.5622 8.35057 15.638
X 5 14.65m

Equation 6:
1
1
Q0t y wy 0 X 6 jwz 1X 6 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]wX 5 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z 3 z 2 )]wX 4
2
2
1
1
1
[( z 3 z 2 ) ( z 4 z 3 )]w X 3 [( z 4 z 3 ) ( z 5 z 4 )]wX 2 [( z 5 z 4 ) ( z 6 z 5 )]w X 1
2
2
2
Assume t = 30 minutes,

zt 0.0874 t 0.385 0.0005 t


zt (30) 0.0874(30) 0.385 0.0005(30)
z 6 (30) 0.338745m
1
1
Q0t y wy 0 X 6 jwz 1 X 6 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]w X 5 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z 3 z 2 )]w X 4
2
2
1
1
1
[( z 3 z 2 ) ( z 4 z 3 )]wX 3 [( z 4 z 3 ) ( z 5 z 4 )]w X 2 [( z 5 z 4 ) ( z 6 z 5 )]w X 1
2
2
2
105 1.183875 X 6 1.78695 X 6 0.5(0.165 0.0521)(15)(14.65)
0.5(0.0521 0.0383)(15)(15 .308) 0.5(0.0383 0.03155 )(15)(18.528353 )
0.5(0.03155 0.02735 )(15)(15.94) 0.5(0.02735 0.024445 )(15)(35.4)
105 2.970825 X 6 23.854 10 .379 9.706 7.041 13.752
X 6 13 .55m

Equation 7:

1
1
Q0t y wy 0 X 7 jwz 1X 7 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]wX 6 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z 3 z 2 )]wX 5
2
2
1
1
1
[( z 3 z 2 ) ( z 4 z 3 )]w X 4 [( z 4 z 3 ) ( z 5 z 4 )]wX 3 [( z 5 z 4 ) ( z 6 z 5 )]wX 2
2
2
2
1
[( z 6 z 5 ) ( z 7 z 6 )]w X 1
2

Sherwin O. Millares
Studies
MS in Agricultural Engineering
University

Institute of Graduate
Central Luzon State

SW 815: Farm Irrigation System Design 2010

Assume t = 35 minutes,
zt 0.0874 t 0.385 0.0005 t

zt (35) 0.0874(35) 0.385 0.0005(35)


z7 (35) 0.361m
1
1
Q0t y wy 0 X 7 jwz1X 7 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]wX 6 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z3 z 2 )]wX 5
2
2
1
1
1
[( z3 z 2 ) ( z 4 z3 )]wX 4 [( z 4 z3 ) ( z 5 z 4 )]wX 3 [( z5 z 4 ) ( z 6 z5 )]wX 2
2
2
2
1
[( z6 z5 ) ( z7 z 6 )]wX 1
2
105 1.183875 X 7 1.78695 X 7 0.5(0.165 0.0521)(15)(13.55)
0.5(0.0521 0.0383)(15)(14.65) 0.5(0.0383 0.03155 )(15)(15 .308)
0.5(0.03155 0.02735 )(15)(18 .528353 ) 0.5(0.02735 0.024445 )(15)(15.94)
0.5(0.024445 0.022255 )(15)(35.4)
105 2.970825 X 7 22.063 9.933 8.019 8.185 6.192 12.399
X 7 12.86 m
Equation 8:

1
1
Q0t y wy 0 X 8 jwz 1X 8 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]w X 7 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z 3 z 2 )]w X 6
2
2
1
1
1
[( z 3 z 2 ) ( z 4 z 3 )]w X 5 [( z 4 z 3 ) ( z 5 z 4 )]w X 4 [( z 5 z 4 ) ( z 6 z 5 )]w X 3
2
2
2
1
1
[( z 6 z 5 ) ( z 7 z 6 )]w X 2 [( z 7 z 6 ) ( z 8 z 7 )]w X 1
2
2
Assume t = 40 minutes,
zt 0.0874 t 0.385 0.0005 t

zt (40) 0.0874(40) 0.385 0.0005(40)


z8 (40) 0.382m

Sherwin O. Millares
Studies
MS in Agricultural Engineering
University

Institute of Graduate
Central Luzon State

SW 815: Farm Irrigation System Design 2010


1
1
Q0t y wy 0 X 8 jwz 1X 8 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]w X 7 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z 3 z 2 )]w X 6
2
2
1
1
1
[( z 3 z 2 ) ( z 4 z 3 )]w X 5 [( z 4 z 3 ) ( z 5 z 4 )]w X 4 [( z 5 z 4 ) ( z 6 z 5 )]w X 3
2
2
2
1
1
[( z 6 z 5 ) ( z 7 z 6 )]w X 2 [( z 7 z 6 ) ( z 8 z 7 )]w X 1
2
2
105 1.183875 X 8 1.78695 X 8 0.5(0.165 0.0521)(15)(12 .86)
0.5(0.0521 0.0383)(15)(13.55) 0.5(0.0383 0.03155 )(15)(14 .65)
0.5(0.03155 0.02735 )(15)(15 .308) 0.5(0.02735 0.024445 )(15)(18.528353 )
0.5(0.024445 0.022255 )(15)(15.94) 0.5(0.022255 0.021)(15)(35.4)
105 2.970825 X 8 20.939 9.187 7.675 6.762 7.198 5.583 11 .484
X 8 12 .18 m

Equation 9:

1
1
Q0t y wy 0X 9 jwz1X 9 [( z1 0) ( z2 z1 )]wX 8 [( z2 z1 ) ( z3 z2 )]wX 7
2
2
1
1
1
[( z3 z2 ) ( z4 z3 )]wX 6 [( z4 z3 ) ( z5 z4 )]wX 5 [( z5 z4 ) ( z6 z5 )]wX 4
2
2
2
1
1
1
[( z6 z5 ) ( z7 z6 )]wX 3 [( z7 z6 ) ( z8 z7 )]wX 2 [( z8 z7 ) ( z9 z8 )]wX 1
2
2
2
Assume t = 45 minutes,
zt 0.0874 t 0.385 0.0005 t

zt (45) 0.0874(45)0.385 0.0005(45)


z9 (45) 0.401m

X 9 11.68m
Equation 10:

Sherwin O. Millares
Studies
MS in Agricultural Engineering
University

Institute of Graduate
Central Luzon State

SW 815: Farm Irrigation System Design 2010


1
1
Q0t y wy 0X 10 jwz 1X 10 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]w X 9 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z3 z 2 )]wX 8
2
2
1
1
1
[( z3 z 2 ) ( z 4 z3 )]w X 7 [( z 4 z3 ) ( z5 z4 )]wX 6 [( z5 z 4 ) ( z6 z5 )]wX 5
2
2
2
1
1
1
[( z6 z5 ) ( z7 z6 )]wX 4 [( z7 z 6 ) ( z8 z7 )]wX 3 [( z8 z7 ) ( z9 z8 )]w X 2
2
2
2
1
[( z9 z8 ) ( z10 z9 )]wX 1
2
Assume t = 50 minutes,
zt 0.0874 t 0.385 0.0005 t

zt (50) 0.0874(50)0.385 0.0005(50)


z10 (50) 0.4191m

X10 11.20m
Equation 11:

1
1
Q0t y wy 0 X 11 jwz 1X 11 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]wX 10 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z3 z2 )]w X 9
2
2
1
1
1
[( z3 z 2 ) ( z 4 z3 )]wX 8 [( z 4 z3 ) ( z5 z 4 )]wX 7 [( z5 z 4 ) ( z6 z5 )]wX 6
2
2
2
1
1
1
[( z 6 z5 ) ( z7 z6 )]wX 5 [( z7 z 6 ) ( z8 z7 )]w X 4 [( z8 z 7 ) ( z9 z8 )]wX 3
2
2
2
1
1
[( z9 z8 ) ( z10 z9 )]w X 2 [( z10 z9 ) ( z11 z10 )]w X 1
2
2
Assume t = 55 minutes,
zt 0.0874 t 0.385 0.0005 t

zt (55) 0.0874(55)0.385 0.0005(55)


z11 (55) 0.4363m

X 11 10.79m
Equation 12:

Sherwin O. Millares
Studies
MS in Agricultural Engineering
University

Institute of Graduate
Central Luzon State

SW 815: Farm Irrigation System Design 2010


1
1
Q0t y wy 0 X 12 jwz 1X 12 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]w X 11 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z3 z 2 )]w X 10
2
2
1
1
1
[( z3 z2 ) ( z 4 z3 )]wX 9 [( z 4 z3 ) ( z5 z 4 )]wX 8 [( z5 z 4 ) ( z6 z5 )]w X 7
2
2
2
1
1
1
[( z 6 z5 ) ( z7 z6 )]wX 6 [( z7 z6 ) ( z8 z7 )]w X 5 [( z8 z 7 ) ( z9 z8 )]wX 4
2
2
2
1
1
1
[( z9 z8 ) ( z10 z9 )]w X 3 [( z10 z9 ) ( z11 z10 )]w X 2 [( z11 z10 ) ( z12 z11 )]wX 1
2
2
2

Assume t = 60 minutes,
zt 0.0874 t 0.385 0.0005 t

zt (60) 0.0874(60)0.385 0.0005(60)


z12 (60) 0.4528m
X 12 10.42m
Equation 13:

1
1
Q0t y wy 0 X 13 jwz 1X 13 [( z1 0) ( z 2 z1 )]w X 12 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z3 z 2 )]wX 11
2
2
1
1
1
[( z3 z 2 ) ( z 4 z3 )]wX 10 [( z 4 z3 ) ( z5 z 4 )]w X 9 [( z5 z 4 ) ( z6 z5 )]w X 8
2
2
2
1
1
1
[( z 6 z5 ) ( z7 z6 )]w X 7 [( z7 z6 ) ( z8 z 7 )]wX 6 [( z8 z7 ) ( z9 z8 )]wX 5
2
2
2
1
1
1
[( z9 z8 ) ( z10 z9 )]w X 4 [( z10 z9 ) ( z11 z10 )]w X 3 [( z11 z10 ) ( z12 z11 )]wX 2
2
2
2
1
[( z12 z11 ) ( z13 z12 )]wX 1
2

Assume t = 65 minutes,
zt 0.0874 t 0.385 0.0005 t

zt (65) 0.0874(65)0.385 0.0005(65)


z13 (65) 0.4685m

Sherwin O. Millares
Studies
MS in Agricultural Engineering
University

Institute of Graduate
Central Luzon State

SW 815: Farm Irrigation System Design 2010


X 13 10.08m
Equation 14:

1
1
Q0t y wy 0 X 14 jwz 1X 14 [( z1 0) ( z2 z1 )]w X 13 [( z 2 z1 ) ( z3 z 2 )]wX 12
2
2
1
1
1
[( z3 z 2 ) ( z 4 z3 )]wX 11 [( z 4 z3 ) ( z5 z 4 )]wX 10 [( z5 z 4 ) ( z6 z5 )]wX 9
2
2
2
1
1
1
[( z 6 z5 ) ( z7 z6 )]w X 8 [( z7 z6 ) ( z8 z 7 )]wX 7 [( z8 z7 ) ( z9 z8 )]w X 6
2
2
2
1
1
1
[( z9 z8 ) ( z10 z9 )]w X 5 [( z10 z9 ) ( z11 z10 )]wX 4 [( z11 z10 ) ( z12 z11 )]w X 3
2
2
2
1
1
[( z12 z11 ) ( z13 z12 )]wX 2 [( z13 z12 ) ( z14 z13 )]wX 1
2
2

Assume t = 70 minutes,
zt 0.0874 t 0.385 0.0005 t

zt (70) 0.0874(70)0.385 0.0005(70)


z14 (70) 0.4836m

X 14 9.78m
Q0 t
105
105
105
105
105
105
105
105
105
105
105
105
105
105

y0
0.1025
0.1025
0.1025
0.1025
0.1025
0.1025
0.1025
0.1025
0.1025
0.1025
0.1025
0.1025
0.1025
0.1025

w
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

y
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.77
0.77

Sherwin O. Millares
Studies
MS in Agricultural Engineering
University

j
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.72
0.72

Z
0.1650
0.2171
0.2554
0.2869
0.3143
0.3387
0.3610
0.3820
0.4010
0.4191
0.4363
0.4528
0.4685
0.4836

A0
1.5375
1.5375
1.5375
1.5375
1.5375
1.5375
1.5375
1.5375
1.5375
1.5375
1.5375
1.5375
1.5375
1.5375

X
35.40
15.94
18.53
15.31
14.65
13.55
12.86
12.18
11.68
11.20
10.79
10.42
10.08
9.78

Institute of Graduate
Central Luzon State

SW 815: Farm Irrigation System Design 2010


z vs t
0

20

40

60

80

0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5 Z

x vs t

x
40.00
35.00
30.00
25.00
20.00
15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00

t
0

10

20

50

30

40

100 Z vs L150

50

60

200

70

250
L

0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6 Z

10

Sherwin O. Millares
Studies
MS in Agricultural Engineering
University

Institute of Graduate
Central Luzon State

SW 815: Farm Irrigation System Design 2010

Height of infiltration / submergence (m)

Changes of Advance Curve and Infiltration Distribution with


Elapsed Time
0.2
0.1
0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

Time elapsed
(Minutes)

-0.1
-0.2
-0.3
-0.4
-0.5

Height of infiltration / submergence (m)

Changes of Advance Curve and Infiltration Distribution along the


field length
0.2
0.1
0
0

50

-0.1

100

150

200

Distance
(m)

-0.2
-0.3
-0.4
-0.5

11

Sherwin O. Millares
Studies
MS in Agricultural Engineering
University

Institute of Graduate
Central Luzon State