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# CONTOH SOAL BETON PRESTRESS

## Balok prestress diatas dua tumpuan :

Panjang balok
Initial gaya prestress
Beban hidup
Eksentrisitas cgs - cgc

=
=
=
=

15
1100
12
325

=
=

10%
10%

=
=

50
30

## Hitung tegangan di tengah bentang.

Kehilangan jangka pendek
Kehilangan jangka panjang
Dimana,
fcu
fci

Jawaban
Luas penampang balok
b1 =
h1 =
b2 =
h2 =
b3 =
h3 =

400 mm
200 mm
150 mm
350 mm
400 mm
200 mm

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

A1 = b1.h1 =
A2 = b2.h2 =
A3 = b3.h3 =

80000 mm2
52500 mm2
80000 mm2

A = A1 + A2 + A3 =
A=

212500 mm2
2.13E+05 mm2

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

## Menghitung jarak titik berat (centroid) dari tepi bawah (bottom) = yb

yb = Ai.yi/A
y1 = 750 - 1/2.h1
y2 = 1/2.h2 + h3
y3 = 1/2.h3
yb =

=
=
=

650 mm
375 mm
100 mm

2.13E+05

yb =

ya = H - yb

, dimana H =

ya =

750 mm

## 375 mm dari tepi atas (top)

Menghitung Inertia
I = (Ii + Ai.di2)
dimana ;
d1 = ya - 1/2.h1

275 mm

d2 = ya - 1/2.H

0 mm

d3 = yb - 1/2.h3

275 mm

I1 = 1/12.(b1.h13) + A1.d12

## 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 275 ^2

I2 = 1/12.(b2.h23) + A2.d22

## 1/12 x 150 x 350 ^3 + 52500 x 0 ^2

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

I3 = 1/12.(b3.h33) + A3.d32

## 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 275 ^2

I1

6316666667 mm4

I2

535937500 mm4

I3

=
=

6316666667 mm4
9270833 mm4

Inertia total

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

z1 = I / ya

z2 = I / yb

z1

13169270833
375

3.512E+07 mm3

35.12 x 106

mm3

z2

13169270833
375

3.512E+07 mm3

35.12 x 106

mm3

## Jarak kern (kern distance)

kt = z2 / A

165.26 mm

kb = z1 / A

165.26 mm

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Menghitung Beban
Berat sendiri, Wsw = A x con =

5.1 kN/m1

24 kN/m3

Beban hidup =

12 kN/m

## Total service load = Berat sendiri balok + Beban hidup

=
17.1 kN/m
Momen maksimum yang terjadi di tengah bentang (moment at midspan) :
M = wL2 / 8
Momen pada kondisi transfer (moment at transfer) :
Mi = 5.1 x 15 ^2
8
Mi =
143.4375 kN.m
Momen pada kondisi servis (moment at service) :
Ms = 17.1 x 15 ^2
8
Ms =
480.9375 kN.m
Kehilangan tegang jangka pendek =
Kehilangan tegang jangka panjang =

10%
10%

0.90

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

dan =

0.80
dimana, Pi =

Pi =
Pi =

0.9 x 1100
0.8 x 1100

1100 kN
=
=

990 kN
880 kN

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

## 1. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer)

f1t = Pi / A - Pi.e/z1 + Mi / z1
f1t =

## (990x103/2.13x105) - (990x103x325/35.12x106) + (143.4x106 / 35.12x106)

=
4.66
9.16
+
4.08
=
-0.42 N/mm2

f2t = Pi / A + Pi.e/z2 - Mi / z2
f2t =

=
4.66
+
9.16
4.08
=
9.74 N/mm2

## 2. Pada kondisi servis (at service)

f1s = Pi / A - Pi.e/z1 + Ms / z1
f1s =

## (880x103/2.13x105) - (880x103x325/35.12x106) + (480.9x106 / 35.12x106)

=
4.14
8.14
+
13.69
=
9.69 N/mm2

f2s = Pi / A - Pi.e/z2 + Ms / z2
f2s =

## (880x103/2.13x105) + (880x103x325/35.12x106) - (480.9x106 / 35.12x106)

=
4.14
+
8.14
13.69
=
-1.41 N/mm2

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

## Tegangan yang diizinkan (stress limits)

1. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer)
ftt = -0.36(fci)1/2 N/mm2
(Class 2, post-tensioned)
= -0.36 x 30 ^ 1/2
=
-1.97 N/mm2

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

## fct = 0.5.fci N/mm2 (flexural members)

= 0.5 x 30
=
15.00 N/mm2

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SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

## 2. Pada kondisi servis (at service)

fts = -0.36(fcu)1/2 N/mm2
(Class 2, post-tensioned)
= -0.36 x 50 ^ 1/2
=
-2.55 N/mm2
fcs = 0.33.fcu N/mm2 (flexural members)
= 0.33 x 50
=
16.50 N/mm2

## Bandingkan dengan tegangan

Kesimpulan
1. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer)
f1t =

-0.42 N/mm2

-1.97 N/mm2

f2t =

9.74 N/mm2

15.00 N/mm2

f1s =

9.69 N/mm2

-2.55 N/mm2

f2s =

-1.41 N/mm2

16.50 N/mm2

## 2. Pada kondisi servis (at service)

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SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

m
kN
kN/m
mm

N/mm2
N/mm2

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ya

yb

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sebelumnya

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## TUGAS 1 BETON PRESTRESS

Suatu jembatan beton prategang dengan penampang sebagai berikut :
Kondisi service
1000 mm

Kondisi transfer

## Hitung besaran penampang untuk kondisi transfer dan service berupa :

1. Luas penampang
2. Titik berat penampang
3. Inertia penampang
4. Modulus penampang (section modulus) atau momen lawan
Balok prestress diatas dua tumpuan :
Panjang balok

15 m

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SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

## Initial gaya prestress

Beban hidup
Eksentrisitas cgs - cgc

=
=
=

1100 kN
12 kN/m
325 mm

=
=

10%
10%

## Hitung tegangan di tengah bentang.

Kehilangan jangka pendek
Kehilangan jangka panjang

24

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Dimana,
fcu
fci

=
=

Kondisi transfe

50 N/mm2
30 N/mm2

Jawaban
1. KONDISI TRANSFER
Luas penampang balok
b1 =
h1 =
b2 =
h2 =
b3 =
h3 =

400 mm
200 mm
150 mm
350 mm
400 mm
200 mm

A1 = b1.h1 =
A2 = b2.h2 =
A3 = b3.h3 =

80000 mm2
52500 mm2
80000 mm2

A = A1 + A2 + A3 =
A=

212500 mm2
2.13E+05 mm2

H1 =

750 mm

150

yb = Ai.yi/A
y1 = H1 - 1/2.h1
y2 = 1/2.h2 + h3
y3 = 1/2.h3
yb =

=
=
=

650 mm
375 mm
100 mm

## 80000 x 650 + 52500 x 375 + 80000 x 100

2.13E+05

y1 = 650

y2 = 375

25

y3 =100

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

y2 = 375

yb =
ya = H1 - yb
ya =

, dimana H1 =

y3 =100

750 mm
400

## 375 mm dari tepi atas (top)

26

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Menghitung Inertia
I = (Ii + Ai.di2)
dimana ;
d1 = ya - 1/2.h1

d2 = ya - 1/2.H1

d3 = yb - 1/2.h3

275 mm
0 mm karena berhimpitan dg garis netral penampang
275 mm

I1 = 1/12.(b1.h13) + A1.d12

## 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 275 ^2

I2 = 1/12.(b2.h23) + A2.d22

## 1/12 x 150 x 350 ^3 + 52500 x 0 ^2

I3 = 1/12.(b3.h33) + A3.d32

## 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 275 ^2

I1

6316666667 mm4

I2

535937500 mm4

I3

=
=

6316666667 mm4
9270833 mm4

Inertia total
Momen lawan (section modulus / modulus penampang)
z1 = I / ya

z2 = I / yb

z1

13169270833
375

3.512E+07 mm3

35.12 x 106

mm3

z2

13169270833

3.512E+07 mm3

35.12 x 106

mm3

27

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

375
Jarak kern (kern distance)
kt = z2 / A

165.26 mm

kb = z1 / A

165.26 mm

2. KONDISI SERVICE
Luas penampang balok
b1 =
h1 =
b2 =
h2 =

400 mm
200 mm
150 mm
350 mm

b3 =
h3 =
b4 =
h4 =

400 mm
200 mm
1000 mm
200 mm

H2 =

950 mm

1000

## A1 = b1.h1 = 400 x 200 =

A2 = b2.h2 = 150 x 350 =
A3 = b3.h3 = 400 x 200 =
A4 = b4.h4 = 1000 x 200 =

80000 mm2
52500 mm2
80000 mm2
200000 mm2

A = A1 + A2 + A3 + A4 =
A=

412500 mm2
4.13E+05 mm2

## Menghitung jarak titik berat (centroid) dari tepi bawah (bottom) = yb

y4 = 850

yb = Ai.yi/A

150

y1 = 650

y1 = H1 - 1/2.h1
y2 = 1/2.h2 + h3

=
=

650 mm
375 mm

28

y2 = 375

y3 = 100

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

150

y1 = 650

y2 = 375

y3 = 1/2.h3
y4 = H2 - 1/2.h4
yb =

yb =

=
=

100 mm
850 mm

y3 = 100

4.13E+05

400

## 605.30 mm dari tepi bawah (bottom)

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SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Kondisi service

ya = H - yb

, dimana H2 =

ya =

950 mm

1000

## 344.70 mm dari tepi atas (top)

Menghitung Inertia

200

d1 = 44.70

d2 = 230.30
y4 = 850
750

150

y1 = 650

y2 = 375
200

I = (Ii + Ai.di2)

y3 = 100

dimana ;
d1 = y1 - yb =

650 - 605.30

44.70 mm

d2 = yb -y2 =

605.30 - 375

230.30 mm

d3 = yb - y3 =

605.30 - 100

505.30 mm

d4 = y4 - yb =

850 - 605.30

244.70 mm

400

30

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

I1 = 1/12.(b1.h13) + A1.d12

## 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 44.6969696969697 ^2

I2 = 1/12.(b2.h23) + A2.d22

## 1/12 x 150 x 350 ^3 + 52500 x 230.30303030303 ^2

I3 = 1/12.(b3.h33) + A3.d32

## 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 505.30303030303 ^2

I4 = 1/12.(b4.h43) + A4.d42

## 1/12 x 1000 x 200 ^3 + 200000 x 244.69696969697 ^2

I1

4.26E+08 mm4

I2

3.32E+09 mm4

I3

2.07E+10 mm4

I4

1.26E+10 mm4

3.71E+10 mm4

Inertia total
Momen lawan (section modulus / modulus penampang)
z1 = I / ya

z2 = I / yb

z1

37082149621
344.70

1.076E+08 mm3

z2

37082149621
605.30

6.126E+07 mm3

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SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Menghitung Beban
Berat sendiri, Wsw = A x con =

5.1 kN/m1

24 kN/m3

Beban hidup =

12 kN/m

## Total service load = Berat sendiri balok + Beban hidup

=
17.1 kN/m
Momen maksimum yang terjadi di tengah bentang (moment at midspan) :
M = wL2 / 8
Momen pada kondisi transfer (moment at transfer) :
Mi = 5.1 x 15 ^2
8
Mi =
143.4375 kN.m
Momen pada kondisi servis (moment at service) :
Ms = 17.1 x 15 ^2
8
Ms =
480.9375 kN.m
Kehilangan tegang jangka pendek =
Kehilangan tegang jangka panjang =

10%
10%

0.90

32

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

dan =

0.80
dimana, Pi =

Pi =
Pi =

0.9 x 1100
0.8 x 1100

1100 kN
=
=

990 kN
880 kN

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SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

## 1. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer)

Dari perhitungan besaran penampang dapat diketahui :
e = yb - h3

A=
z1 =

2.13E+05 mm2
3.512E+07 mm3

## e = 375- 1/2 x 200

z2 =

3.512E+07 mm3

e=

275 mm

f1t = Pi / A - Pi.e/z1 + Mi / z1
f1t =

## (990x103/2.13x105) - (990x103x325/35.12x106) + (143.4x106 / 35.12x106)

=
4.66
7.75
+
4.08
=
0.99 N/mm2

f2t = Pi / A + Pi.e/z2 - Mi / z2
f2t =

=
4.66
+
7.75
4.08
=
8.33 N/mm2
-7.75 N/mm2

+4.66 N/mm2

200

150

Pi

750

e = 275

Pi

## cgs = centre gravity of steel

200

+4.66 N/mm2

+7.75 N/mm2

400

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Pi

## cgs = centre gravity of steel

200

+4.66 N/mm2

+7.75 N/mm2

400

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## 2. Pada kondisi servis (at service)

Dari perhitungan besaran penampang dapat diketahui :
e = yb - h3

A=
z1 =

4.13E+05 mm2
1.076E+08 mm3

## e = 605.30303030303- 1/2 x 200

z2 =

6.126E+07 mm3

e=

505.30 mm

f1s = Pi / A - Pi.e/z1 + Ms / z1
f1s =

## (880x103/4.13x105) - (880x103x325/1.076x108) + (480.9x106 / 1.076x108)

=
2.13
4.13
+
4.47
=
2.47 N/mm2

f2s = Pi / A - Pi.e/z2 + Ms / z2
f2s =

=
2.13
+
7.26
7.85
=
1.54 N/mm2
1000

+2.13 N/mm2

- 4.13 N/mm2

200

200

750

Pi

e = 505

150

Pi

## cgs = centre gravity of steel

200

+2.13 N/mm2

+ 7.26 N/mm2

400

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Pi

## cgs = centre gravity of steel

200

+2.13 N/mm2

+ 7.26 N/mm2

400

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SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

## Tegangan yang diizinkan (stress limits)

1. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer)
ftt = -0.36(fci)1/2 N/mm2
(Class 2, post-tensioned)
= -0.36 x 30 ^ 1/2
=
-1.97 N/mm2
fct = 0.5.fci N/mm2 (flexural members)
= 0.5 x 30
=
15.00 N/mm2
2. Pada kondisi servis (at service)
fts = -0.36(fcu)1/2 N/mm2
(Class 2, post-tensioned)
= -0.36 x 50 ^ 1/2
=
-2.55 N/mm2

## fcs = 0.33.fcu N/mm2 (flexural members)

= 0.33 x 50
=
16.50 N/mm2
Kesimpulan
1. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer)
f1t =

0.99 N/mm2

38

-1.97 N/mm2

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

f2t =

8.33 N/mm2

15.00 N/mm2

f1s =

2.47 N/mm2

-2.55 N/mm2

f2s =

1.54 N/mm2

16.50 N/mm2

## 2. Pada kondisi servis (at service)

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Kondisi transfer

200
ya = 375
d1 = 275

150
750

d3 = 275
yb = 375
200

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SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

d3 = 275
yb = 375
200

400

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Kondisi service
1000

200
ya = 344.70
d4 = 244.70
200

d1 = 44.70

d2 = 230.30

750

150

d3 = 505.30
yb = 605.30

200

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150

d3 = 505.30
yb = 605.30

200

400

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SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

200
ya = 344.70
d4 = 244.70
200

d1 = 44.70

d2 = 230.30

750

d3 = 505.30
yb = 605.30

200

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50

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

+4.08 N/mm2

5 N/mm2

## cgc = centre gravity of concrete

Mi

= 275

Pi
-4.08 N/mm2

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SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Pi
-4.08 N/mm2

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+ 4.47 N/mm2

Ms

e = 505

Pi
- 7.85 N/mm2

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Pi
- 7.85 N/mm2

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sebelumnya

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## TUGAS 2 BETON PRESTRESS

Suatu jembatan beton prategang dengan penampang sebagai berikut :

Kondisi transfer

1000
400

## Dengan data sebagai berikut :

Panjang jembatan
=
30 m
Initial prestress
=
2000 kN
Beban hidup
=
12 kN/m
Eksentrisitas cgs - cgc (e) diketahui setelah masing-masing ttik berat cgc dan cgs diketahui
catatan :
cgc = center gravity of concrete (titik berat penampang beton)
cgs = center gravity of steel (titik berat penampang baja/besi)
Hitung tegangan :
- Kehilangan jangka pendek
=
10%

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SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

## - Kehilangan jangka panjang

5%

Mutu beton :
fcu
fci

=
=

50 N/mm2
30 N/mm2

- Kondisi transfer
- Kondisi service

58

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Jawaban
1. KONDISI TRANSFER
Luas penampang balok
b1 =
h1 =
b2 =
h2 =
b3 =
h3 =

400 mm
200 mm
150 mm
600 mm
400 mm
200 mm

A1 = b1.h1 =
A2 = b2.h2 =
A3 = b3.h3 =

80000 mm2
90000 mm2
80000 mm2

A = A1 + A2 + A3 =
A=

250000 mm2
2.50E+05 mm2

H1 =

1000 mm

y1 = 900

150

yb = Ai.yi/A
y1 = H1 - 1/2.h1
y2 = 1/2.h2 + h3
y3 = 1/2.h3
yb =

yb =

=
=
=

900 mm
500 mm
100 mm

2.50E+05

y2 = 500

y3 = 100

400

## 500 mm dari tepi bawah (bottom)

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SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

ya = H1 - yb
ya =

, dimana H1 =

1000 mm

## 500 mm dari tepi atas (top)

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Menghitung Inertia
I = (Ii + Ai.di2)
dimana ;
d1 = ya - 1/2.h1

d2 = ya - 1/2.H1

d3 = yb - 1/2.h3

400 mm
0 mm karena berhimpitan dg garis netral penampang
400 mm

I1 = 1/12.(b1.h13) + A1.d12

## 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 400 ^2

I2 = 1/12.(b2.h23) + A2.d22

## 1/12 x 150 x 600 ^3 + 90000 x 0 ^2

I3 = 1/12.(b3.h33) + A3.d32

## 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 400 ^2

I1

6666667 mm4

I2

2700000000 mm4

I3

=
=

6666667 mm4
3333333 mm4

Inertia total
Momen lawan (section modulus / modulus penampang)
z1 = I / ya

z2 = I / yb

z1

28833333333
500

5.767E+07 mm3

z2

28833333333

5.767E+07 mm3

61

y1 = 900

150

y2 = 500

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

y2 = 500

500
Jarak kern (kern distance)
kt = z2 / A

230.67 mm

kb = z1 / A

230.67 mm

y3 = 100

400

2. KONDISI SERVICE
Luas penampang balok
b1 =
h1 =
b2 =
h2 =

400 mm
200 mm
150 mm
600 mm

b3 =
h3 =
b4 =
h4 =

400 mm
200 mm
1000 mm
200 mm

H2 =

1200 mm

1000

## A1 = b1.h1 = 400 x 200 =

A2 = b2.h2 = 150 x 600 =
A3 = b3.h3 = 400 x 200 =
A4 = b4.h4 = 1000 x 200 =

80000 mm2
90000 mm2
80000 mm2
200000 mm2

A = A1 + A2 + A3 + A4 =
A=

450000 mm2
4.50E+05 mm2

yb = Ai.yi/A

y4 = 1100

y1 = H1 - 1/2.h1
y2 = 1/2.h2 + h3

=
=

900 mm
500 mm

62

y1 = 900

150

y2SONDRA
= 500

RAHARJA, ST

y4 = 1100
y1 = 900

y3 = 1/2.h3
y4 = H2 - 1/2.h4

=
=

150

100 mm
1100 mm
y2 = 500

yb =

yb =
ya = H2 - yb
ya =

4.50E+05
y3 = 100

, dimana H2 =

400

1200 mm

## 433.33 mm dari tepi atas (top)

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SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Menghitung Inertia
I = (Ii + Ai.di2)
dimana ;
d1 = y1 - yb =

900 - 766.67

133.33 mm

d2 = yb -y2 =

766.67 - 500

266.67 mm

d3 = yb - y3 =

766.67 - 100

666.67 mm

d4 = y4 - yb =

1100 - 766.67

333.33 mm

I1 = 1/12.(b1.h13) + A1.d12

## 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 133.333333333333 ^2

I2 = 1/12.(b2.h23) + A2.d22

## 1/12 x 150 x 600 ^3 + 90000 x 266.666666666667 ^2

I3 = 1/12.(b3.h33) + A3.d32

## 1/12 x 400 x 200 ^3 + 80000 x 666.666666666667 ^2

I4 = 1/12.(b4.h43) + A4.d42

## 1/12 x 1000 x 200 ^3 + 200000 x 333.333333333333 ^2

I1

1.69E+09 mm4

I2

9.10E+09 mm4

I3

3.58E+10 mm4

I4

2.29E+10 mm4

6.95E+10 mm4

Inertia total

64

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

## Momen lawan (section modulus / modulus penampang)

z1 = I / ya

z2 = I / yb

z1

69500000000
433.33

1.604E+08 mm3

z2

69500000000
766.67

9.065E+07 mm3

Menghitung Beban
Berat sendiri, Wsw = A x con =

6 kN/m1

24 kN/m3

12 kN/m

4.8 kN/m

## 1000 x 200 x 1000 mm x10^-

Total service load = Berat sendiri balok + beban hidup + Berat plat di atas balok
=
22.8 kN/m
Momen maksimum yang terjadi di tengah bentang (moment at midspan) :
M = wL2 / 8
Momen pada kondisi transfer (moment at transfer) :
Mi = 6 x 30 ^2
8
65

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Mi =

675 kN.m

## Momen pada kondisi servis (moment at service) :

Ms = 22.8 x 30 ^2
8
Ms =
2565 kN.m

66

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Kehilangan tegang jangka pendek =
Kehilangan tegang jangka panjang =
dan =

0.90
0.85
dimana, Pi =

Pi =
Pi =

10%
5%

2000 kN

0.9 x 2000
0.85 x 2000

=
=

1800 kN
1700 kN

## 1. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer)

Dari perhitungan besaran penampang dapat diketahui :
e = yb - h3

A=
z1 =

2.50E+05 mm2

0 mm

5.767E+07 mm3

## e = 500 - 1/2 x 200

z2 =

5.767E+07 mm3

e=

400 mm

f1t = Pi / A - Pi.e/z1 + Mi / z1
f1t =

## (1800 x 10^3 / 250000) -(1800 x 10^3 x 400 /57666666.6666667) + 675 / 57666666.6666667)

=
7.20
12.49
+
11.71
=
6.42 N/mm2

f2t = Pi / A + Pi.e/z2 - Mi / z2
f2t =

=
7.20
+
12.49
11.71
=
7.98 N/mm2
+7.20 N/mm2

-12.49 N/mm2

+11.71 N/mm2

200

ya = 500
d1 = 400

67

1000
y1 = 900

150

## cgc = centre gravity of concrete

Pi

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

+7.20 N/mm2

-12.49 N/mm2

+11.71 N/mm2

200

ya = 500
d1 = 400

Pi

1000
y1 = 900

150

e = 400

d3 = 400
y2 = 500

yb = 500

200

Pi

## cgs = centre gravity of steel

y3 = 100

+7.20 N/mm2

400

68

+12.49 N/mm2

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

e = 400

d3 = 400
y2 = 500

yb = 500

Pi

200
y3 = 100

+12.49 N/mm2

+7.20 N/mm2

400

## 2. Pada kondisi servis (at service)

Dari perhitungan besaran penampang dapat diketahui :
e = yb - h3

A=
z1 =

4.50E+05 mm2
1.604E+08 mm3

## e = 766.666666666667 - 1/2 x 200

z2 =

9.065E+07 mm3

e=

666.67 mm

f1s = Pi / A - Pi.e/z1 + Ms / z1
f1s =

## (1700 x 10^3 / 450000) -(1700 x 10^3 x 666.666666666667 /160384615.384615) + 2565 / 160384615.384615)

=
3.78
7.07
+
15.99
=
12.70 N/mm2

f2s = Pi / A + Pi.e/z2 - Ms / z2
f2s =

=
3.78
+
12.50
28.29
=
-12.02 N/mm2

1000

+3.78 N/mm2

- 7.07 N/mm2

+ 15.99 N/mm2

200
ya = 433.33
d4 = 333.33

200
d1 = 133.33

Pi

d2 = 266.67

y4 = 1100

1000

y1 =900

150

e = 667

d3 = 666.67
yb = 766.67

y2 =500

y3 = 100

200

69

Pi
SONDRA

+3.78 N/mm2

+ 12.50 N/mm2

RAHARJA, ST

d2 = 266.67

y4 = 1100

1000

y1 =900

150

e = 667

d3 = 666.67
yb = 766.67

y2 =500

200

y3 = 100

Pi

## cgs = centre gravity of steel

+3.78 N/mm2

400

70

+ 12.50 N/mm2

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

## Tegangan yang diizinkan (stress limits)

1. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer)
ftt = -0.36(fci)1/2 N/mm2
(Class 2, post-tensioned)
= -0.36 x 30 ^ 1/2
=
-1.97 N/mm2
fct = 0.5.fci N/mm2 (flexural members)
= 0.5 x 30
=
15.00 N/mm2
2. Pada kondisi servis (at service)
fts = -0.36(fcu)1/2 N/mm2
(Class 2, post-tensioned)
= -0.36 x 50 ^ 1/2
=
-2.55 N/mm2

## fcs = 0.33.fcu N/mm2 (flexural members)

= 0.33 x 50
=
16.50 N/mm2
Kesimpulan
1. Pada kondisi transfer (at transfer)
f1t =

6.42 N/mm2

71

-1.97 N/mm2

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

f2t =

7.98 N/mm2

15.00 N/mm2

f1s =

12.70 N/mm2

-2.55 N/mm2

f2s =

-12.02 N/mm2

16.50 N/mm2

## 2. Pada kondisi servis (at service)

72

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

73

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

74

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Kondisi transfer

200

ya = 500
d1 = 400

1000
150

d3 = 400
yb = 500

200

400

75

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

76

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Kondisi transfer

200

ya = 500
d1 = 400

1000
150

d3 = 400
yb = 500

77
200

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

d3 = 400
yb = 500

200

400

Kondisi service
1000

200

ya = 433.33
d4 = 333.33
200
d1 = 133.33

d2 = 266.67

1000
150

d3 = 666.67
yb = 766.67

78

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

1000
150

d3 = 666.67
yb = 766.67

200

= 100

400

79

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

80

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

## 00 x 200 x 1000 mm x10^-9 x 24 kN/m3

81

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

82

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

N/mm2

+11.71 N/mm2

+6.42 N/mm2

83
Mi

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

N/mm2

+11.71 N/mm2

+6.42 N/mm2

Mi

Pi
-11.71 N/mm2

+7.98 N/mm2

84

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

Pi
-11.71 N/mm2

+7.98 N/mm2

+ 15.99 N/mm2

+ 12.70 N/mm2

Ms

85
- 28.29 N/mm2

- 12.02 N/mm2

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST

- 28.29 N/mm2

- 12.02 N/mm2

86

SONDRA RAHARJA, ST