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ABSTRAK

Julis Christina Loi, NPM: 210 210 219


Profil Penderita Tumor Jinak dan Tumor Ganas Tiroid Berdasarkan Tipe
Histopatologi di Rumah Sakit Umum daerah Dr. Pirngadi Kota Medan tahun
2011-2012.
Skripsi. Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Methodist Indonesia Medan
Latar Belakang: Tumor tiroid adalah neoplasma sistem endokrin yang paling sering
ditemukan. Di Indonesia tumor tiroid merupakan insiden tertinggi urutan ke
sembilan. Insiden kanker tiroid lebih banyak dijumpai pada wanita dari pada laki-laki,
dan dapat mengenai seluruh kelompok usia dan frekuensi meningkat setelah usia
diatas 50 tahun.
Metode: Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana gambaran tumor
jinak dan tumor ganas tiroid di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Dr. Pirngadi Kota Medan
Tahun 2011-2012. Karakteristik yang diteliti mencakup jenis kelamin, umur, dan tipe
histopatologi. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dengan desain case series. Data
diambil dengan melihat data sekunder yaitu data status penderita melalui catatan
rekam medis. Pada penelitian ini didapat jumlah sampel sebanyak 47 kasus.
Hasil: Hasil penelitian didapatkan 47 pasien penderita tumor tiroid. Penderita tumor
jinak tiroid sebanyak 25 orang (53,2%), penderita tumor ganas tiroid sebanyak 22
orang (46,8%). Penderita tumor jinak tiroid berdasarkan kelompok umur terbanyak
pada kelompok usia 45-52 tahun 8 orang (32%), pada penderita tumor ganas tiroid
berdasarkan kelompok umur terbanyak pada kelompok usia 47-59 tahun 11 orang
(50%). Berdasarkan jenis kelamin penderita tumor jinak tiroid terbanyak adalah
perempuan 21 orang (84%), dan penderita tumor ganas tiroid terbanyak adalah
perempuan 15 orang (68,09%). Berdasarkan tipe histopatologi tumor jinak terbanyak
adalah tipe adenoma folikular 25 orang (53,2%), dan berdasarkan tipe histopatologi
tumor ganas tiroid terbanyak adalah tipe karsinoma papiler 11 orang (50%).
Kesimpulan: Berdasarkan penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa tumor jinak dan
tumor ganas tiroid banyak di jumpai pada perempuan pada usia dewasa.
Kata kunci: Tumor jinak dan tumor ganas tiroid, Tipe histopatologi tumor tiroid
berdasarkan jenis kelamin dan usia.

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ABSTRACT

Julis Christina Loi, Std. ID Number: 210 210 219


The Profile of the Patient with Benign and Malignant Tyroid Tumors Based on
Histopatology Type in Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan city in 2011-2012.
Thesis. Faculty of Medicines. University of Methodist Indonesia Medan
Background: Tyroid tumor is as the most frequent neoplasm of endocrine system.. In
Indonesia, tyroid tumor is on the ninth level highest incident. The incident oh tyroid
cancer is found more on females than males and it attacked all age and the frequency
was getting higher on age 50 years old and above.
Methods: The objective of this research was to know the description on the patient
with benign and malignant tyroid tumor based on histopatology type in Dr. Pirngadi
Hospital Medan city in 2011-2012. The characteristics to study included gender, age,
and the type of histopatology. This research was descriptive with case series design.
The data was taken using secondary data, namely the data of status of the patients
taken from medical record. The sampels were for 47 cases.
Results: The result of research showed that there were 47 patients of tyroid tumor.
The patients with malignant tyroid tumor were for 25 person (53,2%), the patients
with benign tyroid tumor were for 22 person (46,8%). The patients with benign tyroid
tumor based on age were mostly aged 45-52 years old for 8 person (32%), the
patients with malignant tyroid tumor based on age was mostly aged 47-59 years old
for 11 persons (50%).Based on gender, it was fountd that mostly malignant tyroid
tumor was found on females for 21 persons (84%) and the mostly the patients with
malignant tyroid tumor were females for 15 persons (68,09%).Based on the type of
hystopatology of nonmalignant tyroid tumor was mostly adenoma follicular type for
25 persons (53,2%) and absed on the type of histopatology of malignant tumor,
mostly were carcinoma papiler tumor for 11 persons (50%).
Conclusions: Based on the research, it can be conclude that benign and malignant
tyroid tumor were mostly found on adult female.
Key words: Benign and malignant tyroid tumor, the type of histopatology tyroid
tumor based on gender and age.

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