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Continental College of Higher

Studies
Project File
On
On-Line News using Java
Software Lab-XI
(BCA-326)

Session 2012-2013
Semester VI
BACHELOR OF
COMPUTER
APPLICATION (BCA)

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Submitted To:
Submitted By:
Mr.Arpreet Singh
Amanpreet Kaur
Roll no
BCA

6th

HOD (Computer Science):Mr. Gurdeep singh Gill


INDEX
Sr.no.

Name of Projects

1.

Definitions of On-line news.

2.

Purpose of On-line news.

3.

Scope of On-line news.

4.

Objective of On-line news.

5.

Benefits of On-line news.

6.

Feasibility Study of On-line news.

7.

Types of Feasibility Studies.

8.

Project Plans of On-line news.

9.

System development life cycle.

10.

Phases of SDLC.

11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

5Dernieres.jsp
Administrateur.jsp
Affliste.jsp
Enregistrer.jsp
Enregistrerformation.jsp
Formation.jsp
Modifier.jsp
Modifierformation.jsp
Recherche.jsp
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Remarks

20.
21.
22.
23.
24.

Saisie.jsp
Saisieformation.jsp
Setonline.jsp
Supprimer.jsp
Supprimerformation.jsp

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P ROJECT

PROFILE

Online news:An ONLINE NEWSPAPER, also known as a web newspaper, is a newspaper that
exists on the World Wide Web or Internet, either separately or as an online version of a
printed periodical.
Going online created more opportunities for newspapers, such as competing with
broadcast journalism in presenting breaking news in a timelier manner. The credibility
and strong brand recognition of well-established newspapers, and the close
relationships they have with advertisers, are also seen by many in the newspaper
industry as strengthening their chances of survival. The movement away from the
printing process can also help decrease costs.
Online newspapers are much like hard-copy newspapers and have the same
legal boundaries, such as laws regarding libel, privacy and copyright, also apply to
online publications in most countries, like in the UK. Also in the UK the Data Protection
Act applies to online newspapers and news pages, as well as the PCC rules in the UK.
But the distinction was not very clear to the public in the UK as to what a blog or forum
site was and what an online newspaper was. In 2007, a ruling was passed to formally
regulate UK based online newspapers, news audio, and news video websites covering
the responsibilities expected of them and to clear up what is, and what isn't, an online
publication.

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The universe is branch from being required to contemporary. People have been
apropos techno-savvy as well as with all permitted only with the click of the mouse;
people have turned intensely dependant to the world far-reaching web lifestyle.

Purpose:The Bulletin of the Association for Information Science and Technology is ASIS&Ts
primary means of maintaining regular contact with its membership regarding ASIS&T
activities. This e-magazine is also a vehicle for sharing news and information regarding
developments in the field of information science and technology, including policy and
political developments. It publishes opinion and quality, brief, timely articles. The
Bulletins primary audience is information science practitioners. It is not a refereed
publication and does not publish research papers.

SCOPE:Generally, content breaks down as indicated below. However, not all categories will be
represented in each issue.

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Influences on Perceived Interactivity:Need for cognition (NFC) refers to a person's tendency to engage in and enjoy effortful
cognitive endeavors. People with high NFC put more effort into their consumption
experiences and searches more widely and deeply for new information. Because
interactive websites are more complex than static ones, high-NFC consumers should
search for an experiment with interactive website features to satisfy their cognitive
needs. By using these features effectively, these consumers experience more
interactivity. That is, for a website with interactive features, high-NFC consumers likely
recognize and use those features and perceive the website as interactive

Sr. No.
Items
1.
Need for cognition
It refers to a person's tendency to engage in and
enjoy effortful cognitive endeavors.
2.
Skills

Using the online newspaper is an excellent test


of my skills.

Two-way communication

The website provides sufficient response


possibilities to ask a question. The website
provides sufficient possibilities to provide
feedback to a journalist.

User control

I am in control of my navigation on this website


have control over the content for this website
that I wanted to see.
This website processed my input very quickly
was able to obtain the information I want without
any delay.

3.

4.

5.
Responsiveness
6.
Multimedia

The website offers a wide range of movies and


pictures. The website offers sufficient sound
bites. the website allows me to see a wide
range of pictures.

Interactivity (second-order,

Two-way communication, User control,

7.
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reflective construct)

Responsiveness, Multimedia.

Flow

The website gets me in a pleasant state that


makes me forget my surroundings.

Quality of information
processing

The online version is easy to understand. the


information online is easy to remember.

Online preference

I prefer this online newspaper more than the


printed version read the online news paper
more frequently then the printed version.

8.

9.

10.

H1: for an interactive website, perceptions of online interactivity are higher among
consumers with a high need for cognition than among those with a low need for
cognition.
H2: For an interactive website, perceptions of online interactivity are higher among
consumers with greater online skills than among those with lesser online skills.
H3: Perceived online interactivity is positively associated with quality of information
processing.
Flow is the process of optimal experience that arises when consumers experience
balance between their skills and the challenges of the computer-mediated interaction..
Thus flow experiences are more likely than in systems with lesser interactivity
H4: Perceived online interactivity is positively associated with the state of flow.
H5: Perceived interactivity is positively associated with online preference.
H6: The quality of information processing is positively associated with online
preference.
H7: Flow is positively associated with online preference.

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H8: The positive effects of interactivity on (a) the state of flow and (b) the quality of
information processing are stronger for users with high rather than low need for
cognition.
H9: The positive effects of interactivity on (a) the state of flow and (b) the quality of
information processing are stronger among skilled than among less skilled online users.

Objectives of an Online-Newspaper
Objectives:Newspaper publishing is a challenging task. Newspaper publishing should not be
construed as a combination of factors of production. It requires entrepreneurs who
possess drive, ambition, imagination and foresight. There are some of the aims and
objectives of stating the newspaper too.It is important to know the aims and objectives
of newspapers.
All news sources are biased with most of them being in favor of the democrat
party.
The worst offenders are CNN, MSNBC followed by all of the C-spans. In print
media the worst offenders are the New York Times, the LA Times and most of
the magazines that deal with movie stars such as US.
FOX is openly conservative and to my knowledge is the only television network
that is conservative. There are several conservative

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:-

The following purposes of a online newspaper:1. Information: One major purpose of a newspaper is to provide information about
current events, on issues of social, political, economic, cultural and technological
importance through news, articles and advertisements.

2. Education: Another important purpose of a newspaper is to help increase the


educational level of the people. The horizons of knowledge increase through
information regarding medicine, agriculture, history, economics, geography, politics and
various other such dimensions.
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3. Leading: By establishing the agenda of discussion the newspaper leads the people
to remain obsessed with matters of public interest, socio economic and other vital
issues.

4. Interpretation: Another object of a newspaper is to interpret facts, i.e., into the right
perspective of the facts.

5. Protection: A newspaper also aims at protecting the rights of people and protecting
their freedom. It guards the people's interest.

6. Persuasion: Persuasive leadership which, in the words of Gilmore and Root,


includes "arguing and cajoling to get citizens to act" is also an object of a newspaper.
This is a salient feature of a good editorial page.

7. Inspiration: A newspaper also purports at inspiring people for bravery, co-operation,


determination and love and affection.

8. Providing discussion forum : Yet another aim of a newspaper is to provide a forum


for public debate and discussion on matters of general interest.

9. Entertainment: A newspaper also aims at entertaining people through cartoons,


puzzles, comedy and other feature pieces.

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Benefits of online news

:-

Benefits: Today the judgment of online headlines has striven to turn the large strike
between internet users who find the series of advantages as well as benefits of
online headlines upon discordant to television, journal or air wave news. A
commercial operation would not lift the newspaper, air wave or air wave
everywhere, though would be permitted to internet for sure
People have been sensitive about the violation headlines each notation by
online news, as well as do not consider hat online headlines have been not as
quick as well as quick as the television, journal or radio! Breaking headlines
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comes as quickly upon the internet as upon alternative sources. Online headlines
provide most some-more interactive collection to the users
Online headlines have additionally come up with the facilities similar to
mobile subscription, that enables the users to get reason of any report or
headlines around the universe by content messages from online headlines
websites.
Online headlines allow us the leisure of preference of the kind of news. It
allows we variety, peculiarity as well as report all- in- one. Online headlines have
left forward to turn so renounced that infect, most headlines channels as well as
newspapers have their online headlines website too.
Among the online news, there is no rodent competition of tall TRPs. It
focuses some-more upon on condition that peculiarity to the users, that is
additionally the reason of the flourishing influence. In sort, online headlines
provide easy accessibility, peculiarity as well as some-more report to the us.
Online newspaper is still not seen as a positive move as the broadband
rates are still at a slow pace in many countries. This poses a problem because
slow broadband rates do not enable high-speed services such as video viewing
on the website.
More benefits:1. They are helpful to find out what is happening around the world without having
to watch the television or buy a newspaper.
2. They are update so that you know the things happening at that moment in
time.
3. It is cheap.
4. Anyone can access it.

The effects of the attributes of online news on its adoption and use:A review Past studies in this field have shown that there are 9 socio-technical
advantages that have determined the adoption and use of online news:

No costs.

Multitasking.

More news choices.

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In-depth and background information.

24/7 updates.

Customization.

L/O to be introduced to the features of a newspaper recount


Features of a newspaper article Headline Orientation Main body of text Photo
Caption Reorientation
Headline In bold Catchy Alliteration Interests the reader Serious or humorous
Only has a few words Action verbs
Orientation This introduces the story and should GRAB our attention. It will set
the scene and summaries the main points of the article. It is often only one
sentence so you must make it a good one. Who? Where? When? What?
Main Body of Text this is written in: paragraphs the past tense clear sentences It
answers the questions: Why? How?
The photo shows us a snapshot of what happened, where it happened or who it
happened to. It should make the reader feel something so that they want to
read the article. If possible it should show action.

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Caption A caption goes underneath a photo to identify something or someone


and to give us more information. It is a label for the photograph!
Reorientation this ends the retelling of events. It brings us up to date.
An online newspaper, also known as a web newspaper, is a newspaper that
exists on the World Wide Web or Internet, either separately or as an online
version of a printed periodical.
Going online created more opportunities for newspapers, such as competing with
broadcast journalism in presenting breaking news in a timelier manner.

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Online newspapers are much like hard-copy newspapers and have the same
legal boundaries.
News reporters are being taught to shoot video and to write in the succinct
manner necessary for the Internet news pages.
Examples:
In India, major newspapers went online to provide latest and most updated news
from them Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Hindu, Indian Express and The
New Indian Express. Some newspapers even provide E-Paper
We offer three online school newspaper service plans to fit your needs
and budget: Bronze, Silver and Gold.

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Our software works on any computer with access to the Internet and using a
modern, standard browser (e.g. Firefox, Internet Explorer).

All three plans include:

Unlimited News Articles

RSS Syndication

Automatic Article Archive

Archive Article Browse

Robust Article Editor


o Embed Images
o Embed Videos
o Format Text (Font, Color, Style)
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o Insert Links
o Copy from MS Word
o Use Tables
o Bullet Lists
o Indent
o And more...

Optionally use your own HTML

Unlimited Custom Static Pages

To see latest news

Unlimited Newspaper Sections

Interactive Reader Polls

Private Photo Gallery

Easily Embed Images and Videos


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Author Byline

Author Profile

Custom Title

Easy "Virtual News Room" Site Administration

Staff Management (With Various Permissions for Students vs. Teacher-Advisors)

Issue Scheduling

E-Mail Support

Support Website

Turnkey Site Hosting

30 Day Guarantee*2

Live WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get) Preview of Unpublished Articles

All Issues Approved by Teacher-Advisor Before Going Live

Printer Friendly Views

Easily Embed Widgets and Gadgets

Free Upgrades

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Plan Comparison -- Plan Pricing

FEATURES
Storage Space

100
Mb

250Mb

500Mb

Monthly Transfer Rate

250Mb

500Mb

1Gb

Custom Color Scheme and Graphics


Branded Domain (mySite.nnn)*2
Classified Ads Page Template
Priority Support
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Flash Video Upload


Support Voice Message Center
OPTIONAL FREE FEATURES
Branded Email Address(es)
Reader Submitted Articles
Submitted Article Approval
Socialize It! Face book, Twitter, Buzz

Google Ad Sense Integration Assistance

Amazon Astor Integration Assistance


Site Statistics
Live Site Password Protection
Article 5-Star Rating
Interactive Sidebar Calendar
Scheduled Live Chat Support Sessions

Integrated Intense Debate / Face book


Comments

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1 (10mb)

3 (30Mb)

Feasibility Study

:-

Definition:An analysis of the ability to complete a project successfully, taking into account legal,
economic, technological, scheduling and other factors. Rather than just diving into a
project and hoping for the best, a feasibility study allows project managers to investigate
the possible negative and positive outcomes of a project before investing too much time
and money. A is performed by a company when they want to know whether a project is
possible given certain circumstances. Feasibility studies are undertaken under many
circumstances - to find out whether a company has enough money for a project, to find
out whether the product being created will sell, or to see if there are enough human
resources for the project. A good feasibility study will show the strengths and deficits
before the project is planned or budgeted for. By doing the research beforehand,
companies can save money and resources in the long run by avoiding projects that are
not feasible.

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Types of Feasibility Studies:There are many different types of feasibility studies; here is a list of some of the
most common:

Operational Feasibilty
Behavioral
Feasibility

Legal/Ethical Feasibilty

Types of Feasibility
Study

Technical Feasibility

Economic Feasibilty

Schedule Feasibilty

Technical Feasibility- does the company have the technological resources to


undertake the project? Are the processes and procedures conducive to project
success?

Schedule Feasibility- does the company currently have the time resources to
undertake the project? Is the project compliable in the available time?

Economic Feasibility - given the financial resources of the company, is the


project something that can be completed? The economic feasibility study is more
commonly called the cost/benefit analysis.

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Cultural Feasibility- what will the impact on both local and general cultures be?
What sort of environmental implications does the feasibility study have?

Legal/Ethical Feasibility- what are the legal implications of the project? What
sort of ethical considerations are there? You need to make sure that any project
undertaken will meet all legal and ethical requirements before the project is on
the table.

Resource Feasibility- do you have enough resources, what resources will be


required, what facilities will be required for the project, etc.

Operational Feasibility - this measures how well your company will be able to
solve problems and take advantage of opportunities that are presented during
the course of the project

Comprehensive Feasibility- this takes a look at the various aspects involved in


the project - marketing, real estate, cultural, economic, etc. When undertaking a
new business venture, this is the most common type of feasibility study
performed.

Behavioral Feasibility- The behavioral feasibility relates to the impact of


proposed system on the user of the system that is how their feel about the
proposed system.

Steps in Feasibility Analysis:Eight steps are involved in the feasibility analysis. They are:
o Form a project team and appoint a project leader.
o Prepare system flowcharts.
o Enumerate potential proposed systems.
o Define and identify characteristics of proposed system.
o Determine and evaluate performance and cost effectiveness of each
proposed system.
o Weight system performance and cost data.
o Select the best-proposed system.
o Prepare and report final project directive to management

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Project Plans

:-

Team Structure:Often a team of people is assigned a project. For team to work as a group and
contribute most to the project, the people in the team have to be organized in some
manner.
Our team comprises of following members:

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Development Schedule

:-

Project Planning:
Software project management begins with a set of activities that are collectively called
project planning. The objective of software project planning is to provide a framework
that enables the manager to make reasonable estimates of resources, cost, and
schedule. These estimates are made within a limited time frame at the beginning of a
software project and should be updated regularly as the project progresses. Here I have
prepared the PERT chart for planning.

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Duration of project:-

SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE

:-

SDLC is a process used by IT analysts in order to develop or redesign high quality


software system which meets both the customer and the real world requirement taking
into consideration all associated aspects of pros and cons of software testing, analysis
and post process maintenance.

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A Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) adheres to important phases that are
essential for developers, such as planning, analysis, design, and implementation, and
are explained in the section below. It includes evaluation of present system, information
gathering, and feasibility study and request approval. A number of system development
life cycle (SDLC) models have been created: waterfall, fountain, and spiral build and fix,
rapid prototyping, incremental, and synchronize and stabilize. The oldest of these, and
the best known, is the waterfall model: a sequence of stages in which the output of each
stage becomes the input for the next.

SDLC Phases:-

Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) was introduced to address the problems
faced during the software development process. SDLC is a disciplined and systematic
approach that divides the software development process into various phases, such as
requirement, design, and coding. The phase-wise development process helps to track
schedule, cost, and quality of the software projects life cycle.

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System Investigation:The system investigation stage addresses the needs or opportunities that can be
achieved by a sponsor or IT proposal. During this step, we must consider all current
priorities that would be affected and how they should be handled. Before any system
planning is done, a feasibility study should be conducted to determine if creating a new
or improved system is a viable solution.. The development process can only continue
once management approves of the recommendations from the feasibility study.
Following are different components of the feasibility study:

Operational Feasibility
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Economic Feasibility

Technical Feasibility

Human Factors Feasibility

Legal/Political Feasibility

Requirement analysis and specification:Includes gathering, analyzing, validating, and specifying requirements. At the end of this
phase, the Software Requirement Specification (SRS) document is prepared. SRS is a
formal document that acts as a written agreement between the development team and
the customer. SRS acts as input to the design phase and includes functional,
performance, software, hardware, and network requirements of the project.

Design Phase:Includes translation of the requirements specified in the SRS into a logical structure that
can be implemented in a programming language. The output of the design phase is a
design document that acts as an input for all the subsequent SDLC phases.
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Implementation Phase:Implementation is the fourth phase of the systems development life cycle.
Implementation proceeds after the system development phase has taken place. It is the
process by which technical, personnel, and administration issues are addressed and
involve the review of hardware and software, the physical installation, the documenting
of procedures, and the training of all personnel.

Coding
Includes implementation of the design specified in the design document into executable
programming language code. The output of the coding phase is the source code for the
software that acts as input to the testing and maintenance phase.
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Testing
Includes detection of errors in the software. The testing process starts with a test plan
that recognizes test-related activities, such as test case generation, testing criteria, and
resource allocation for testing. The code is tested and mapped against the design
document created in the design phase. The output of the testing phase is a test report
containing errors that occurred while testing the application

.
Maintenance
Includes implementation of changes that software might undergo over a period of time,
or implementation of new requirements after the software is deployed at the customer
location. The maintenance phase also includes handling the residual errors that may
exist in the software even after the testing phase.

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1. 5Dernieres.jsp

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2. Administrateur.jsp

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3. Affliste.jsp
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4. Enregistrer.jsp

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5. Enregistrerformation.jsp

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6. Formation.jsp

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7. Modifier.jsp

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8. Modifierformation.jsp

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9. Recherche.jsp

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10. Saisie.jsp

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11. Saisieformation.jsp

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12. Setonline.jsp

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13. Supprimer.jsp

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14. Supprimerformation.jsp

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