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1

(a)

The diagram below shows the structure of the human nose.


Rajah di bawah menunjukkan struktur hidung manusia.

Q
W
Q
N
P P
Q

(i) Tick ( / ) the correct answer to show the smell receptors in the structure.
Tandakan ( / ) pada jawapan yang betul untuk menunjukkan kedudukan
reseptor bau di dalam struktur hidung.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) Tick ( / ) the correct function of the part labeled P.
Tandakan ( / ) bagi jawapan yang betul untuk fungsi bahagian berlabel P.
To warm and humidify the air we breathe in.
Memanaskan dan melembapkan udara yang disedut
To produce impulses which are sent through the nerves to the brain
Menghasilkan impuls yang dihantar melalui saraf ke otak
To filter the air by way of trapping incoming particles in the mucous layer.
Menapis udara dengan memerangkap zarah yang masuk di dalam lapisan
mukus
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(b)

The diagram below shows the animals that have the best sense of smell.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan haiwan-haiwan yang mempunyai deria bau yang paling
baik.

Bear

Shark

Dog

Beruang

Jerung

Anjing

Moth
Kupu-kupu

Albatross

Snake

Mouse

Albatross

Ular

Tikus

Sumber : http://largestfastestsmartest.co.uk/animals-with-the-best-sense-of-smell-in-the-world/

(i) Why do animals shown above have better sense of smell compared to human?
Mengapakah haiwan seperti di atas mempunyai deria baru yang lebih peka
berbanding manusia?
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
[1 markah
(i) Tick ( / ) the correct function of the part labeled P.
Tandakan ( / ) bagi jawapan yang betul untuk menjelaskan deria bau haiwan
berbanding manusia.
Animals have
Animals have more or larger smell receptor.
Haiwan mempunyai deria bau yang lebih banyak dan lebih luas
permukaannya.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii) The black bear is one of the animals with very strong sense of smell and can be found in the
northeast of China, the Russian Far East and Japan. In your opinion, what are the precautions
that should be taken by people who want to camp out in the forest area to avoid the bears?
Beruang hitam merupakan salah satu haiwan yang mempunyai deria bau yang sangat peka dan
boleh dijumpai di kawasan timur laut China, Timur Jauh Rusia dan Jepun. Pada pendapat anda,
apakah langkah berjaga-jaga yang harus diambil oleh orang yang ingin berkhemah di kawasan
hutan untuk mengelakkan beruang tersebut?
1._________________________________________________________________________
2.__________________________________________________________________________
[2 mark]
[2 markah]
2

Diagram below shows the seven classes of food needed for our body to stay healthy and
for growth.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan tujuh jenis kelas makanan yang diperlukan oleh badan
kita untuk kekal sihat dan pertumbuhan.

Carbohydrate
Karbohidrat

Vitamins

Dietary fibre

Vitamin

Pelawas

Classes of
food
Kelas
makanan
Protein

Fat

Protein

Lemak
Water
Air

(a)

Which of the classes of food are needed for an athlete to run a lot for his daily training?

Kelas makanan yang manakah diperlukan oleh seorang atlit yang akan berlari dengan
kerap semasa latihan harian dia?
_______________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(b)

Vitamins and mineral salts are required in small amounts of our body. Match the correct
source of vitamins and mineral salts and their functions.
Vitamin dan garam mineral diperlukan dalam kuantiti yang sedikit dalam badan kita.
Padankan sumber vitamin dan garam mineral yang betul dan fungsi kelas makanan
tersebut.

SOURCE OF FOOD

FUNCTION
FUNGSI

SUMBER MAKANAN
Liver, palm oil
Hati, minyak kelapa
sawit

Prawns, egg, milk


Udang, telur, susu
Cheese, rice
Keju, nasi
Vegetable, butter
Sayur, mentega

Vitamin
Vitamin
Mineral salts
Garam mineral

Help maintain our bodys health


Membantu mengekalkan kesihatan badan
Building new cells
Membina sel baru
Protect the body from diseases
Melindungi badan dari penyakit
Controls body temperature
Mengawal suhu badan
[4 marks]
[4 markah]

(a)

Diagram shows plants A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H.


Rajah menunjukkan tumbuhan A, B, C, D, E, F, G dan H.

State one characteristics of all the flowering plants shown above.


Nyatakan satu ciri bagi semua tumbuhan berbunga di atas.
________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

[1 markah]
(b)

Classify plants A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H into two groups based on their common


characteristics. Name the plants belonging to each group.
Kelaskan tumbuhan A, B, C, D, E, F, G dan H ke dalam dua kumpulan berdasarkan ciri
sepunya mereka. Namakan semua tumbuhan dalam setiap kumpulan.

Flowering plants
Tumbuhan berbunga

_____________________

_____________________

_____________________

__________________

_____________________

__________________

_____________________

__________________

_____________________

__________________

[5 marks]
[5 markah]

Diagram below shows the food chain found in a field.


Rajah menunjukkan salah satu rantai makanan di sebuah padang.

(a) (i) The food chain starts with the producer. Among the organisms above, which one is the
producer?
Rantai makanan akan dimulakan dengan pengeluar. Antara organisma di atas, yang
manakah adalah pengeluar?
________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) Explain how the producer get their food.
Jelaskan bagaimana pengeluar mendapat makanan.
_______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b)

Label and name all the organisms S, T, U and V into the pie chart to show the number of
organisms of the food chain in the field area.
Labelkan dan namakan semua organisma S, T, U dan V ke dalam carta pai untuk
menunjukkan bilangan organisma bagi rantai makanan di padang tersebut.

[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(c)

The following events will take place if the entire organisms U are dead. Arrange the
events below in their correct sequence by writing 1, 2, 3 and 4 in the table below.
Berikut merupakan kejadian yang berlaku sekiranya semua organisma U mati. Susun
kejadian tersebut dalam susunan yang betul dengan menulis 1,2,3 dan 4 dalam jadual di
bawah.
No food is left for organism T.
Tiada makanan yang ada untuk dimakan organisma T.

The plants are eaten and will decrease.


Tumbuhan akan dimakan dan lama-kelamaan berkurangan.
The population of organism V increases tremendously.
Populasi organisma V akan meningkat dengan mendadak.
Many organism T die of hunger.
Banyak organisma T akan mati kelaparan.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(d)

There are fewer animals in a desert than in a field. In your opinion, why is that
happening?
Bilangan haiwan di kawasan gurun lebih sedikit dari kawasan padang. Pada pendapat
anda, mengapakah hal ini berlaku?
_______________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

5(a)

Emma is conducting an experiment to find out which container allows water to


evaporate the fastest. She poured 150ml of water into each of the four containers W, X,
Y and Z as shown below and placed them outside the house.
Emma sedang menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk mengetahui bekas yang mana dapat
menyejatkan air dengan cepat. Dia menuang 150ml air ke dalam empat bekas W, X, Y
dan Z seperti ditunjukkan di bawah dan bekas tersebut diletakkan di luar rumah.

W
(i)

Arrange the containers in order of the rate of the evaporation of water, starting with the
one that evaporates the lowest to the highest rate.
Susunkan bekas yang mempunyai kadar penyejatan air yang paling rendah kepada
yang paling tinggi.
________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii)

Study the diagram above carefully and write down one property of water that you can
observe.
Perhatikan rajah di atas dan nyatakan satu ciri air yang dapat anda perhatikan.
________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

Support to hold container W


Bahan sokongan untuk bekas W

Container W
Bekas W

(iii)

Emma tilted container W as shown in the diagram above. How will the rate of
evaporation be affected? Explain your answer.
Emma mencondongkan bekas W seperti ditunjukkan di atas. Bagaimanakah keadaan ini
mempengaruhi kadar penyejatan air tersebut? Jelaskan jawapan anda.
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
[2 mark]
[2 markah]

(b)

On rainy days, Emma could not dry her clothes and shoes outside the house. Using
home materials, how does Emma dry her clothes and shoes indoor faster?
Pada hari hujan, Emma tidak dapat mengeringkan pakaian dan kasutnya di luar rumah.
Dengan menggunakan peralatan yang terdapat di rumah, bagaimanakah Emma dapat
mengeringkan pakaian dan kasutnya dengan cepat?
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
[2 mark]
[2 markah]

6. Diagram shows a laboratory activity to study air pressure. The hand holding the
cardboard is removed.
Rajah menunjukkan satu aktiviti makmal yang dijalankan untuk mengkaji tekanan
udara. Tangan yang memegang kadbod tebal kemudian dilepaskan.

(a) Predict what happens when the hand is removed.


Ramalkan apakah yang berlaku apabila tangan dilepaskan.
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
M1: the water remains in the tin.
M2: it does not flow out.
(or any other acceptable answers)
(b) Draw arrows in the diagram to indicate the direction that air pressure acts on
the cardboard causing the observation seen in 1(a).
Lukiskan anak panah pada rajah untuk menunjukkan arah tindakan tekanan
udara yang menyebabkan pemerhatian pada 1(a).
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

M1:

(c) Suggest three other situations where air pressure act.


Cadangkan tiga situasi lain di mana tekanan udara bertindak.
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
[3 markah]
M1: hot tin dented when cool water is poured over it.
M2: a column of water remains in the straw
M3: dirt that clogs a pipe is pushed out when the suction pump is pulled
upwards
(or any other acceptable answers)

7. Diagram shows a wheelbarrow containing 15kg of bricks is pushed up a ramp.


The time taken for the work is 30 seconds.
Rajah menunjukkan kereta sorong yang mengandungi 15 kg batu bata ditolak
menaiki satu landasan. Masa yang diambil untuk melakukan kerja itu ialah 30
saat.

(a) If the wheelbarrow is pushed by a worker with mass 55 kg, calculate the work
done.
Jika kereta sorong ditolak oleh pekerja dengan jisim 55 kg, hitungkan kerja
yang dilakukan.

[3 marks]
[3 markah]
M1: work done = force x distance
M2: work done = (550 + 150)N x 3m
M3: work done = 2,100 J

(b) Suggest three situations where frictional force is applied.


Cadangkan tiga situasi di mana daya geseran diaplikasikan.
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
[3 markah]
M1: a ball is rolled on the floor
M2: a worker is climbing up a pole
M3: paddling a boat
(or any other acceptable answers)

8. Diagram shows an aquatic plant.


Rajah menunjukkan satu tumbuhan akuatik.

(a) Suggest by drawing one method how the Hydrilla can be made to stand
vertically.
Cadangkan dengan melukis satu kaedah bagaimana pokok hidrila boleh
didirikan dengan tegak.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]
M1: draw
M2: label
(b) Draw the cross-section of the stem of the Hydrilla.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]
M1: draw
M2: label

(c) Diagram shows a died whale on a beach.


Rajah menunjukkan seekor paus yang telah mati di sebuah pantai.

In your opinion, what is the main cause of the death of the whale? Explain.
Pada pandangan anda, apakah penyebab utama kematian paus tersebut?
Jelaskan.
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
M1: the whale died because of its weight crushed the organs in its body
M2: its skeletal system is not able to support its huge body weight on land

9. Diagram shows a van and a car.


Rajah menunjukkan sebuah van dan sebuah kereta.

(a) Predict what will happen when the van and the car is drive at high speed at a
corner. Explain your answer.
Ramalkan apa yang akan berlaku apabila van dan kereta tersebut dipandu
laju melalui suatu selekoh. Jelaskan jawapan anda.
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
[3 markah]
M1: the van will overturned but not the car
M2: the car is more stable than the van
M3: the car have lower centre of gravity than the van (vice versa)
(b) You are an automotive engineer. Based on 1(a) situation, give suggestions on
how to improve the stability of the van.
Anda adalah seorang jurutera automotif. Berdasarkan situasi di 1(a),
cadangkan cara penambahbaikan kestabilan van tersebut.
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
[3 markah]
M1: decrease the height of the van
M2: increase the wide of the van
M3: make the base of the van heavier

10. A lever consists of a stiff rod that can turn freely about a fixed point called a
fulcrum.
Tuas terdiri daripada satu batang tegar yang dapat berputar bebas pada satu titik
tetap yang disebut fulkrum.
(a) Give example of equipments in three different lever-class.
Berikan contoh-contoh peralatan dalam tiga kelas tuas yang berbeza.
First-class lever
Second-class lever
Third-class lever

: _____________________________________
: _____________________________________
: _____________________________________
[3 marks]
[3 markah]

M1: see-saw
M2: wheelbarrow
M3: fishing rod
(or any other acceptable answers)
(b) Diagram shows a worker pushing a wheelbarrow with a weight of 300N.
Rajah menunjukkan seorang pekerja sedang menolak sebuah kereta sorong
dengan beban 300N.

(i)

Suggest two other equipment that in the same class lever as the
wheelbarrow. Explain your answer.
Cadangkan dua peralatan lain yang berada dalam kelas tuas yang
sama sepeti kereta sorong tersebut. Jelaskan jawapan anda.
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
[3 markah]
M1: paper cutter
M2: nut crusher
M3: because the loads are at the centre position

11

The diagrams below show the cross section of a healthy blood vessel and the cross
section of a narrowed blood vessel. Narrowed blood vessel leave a smaller opening for
blood to flow through.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan keratan rentas salur darah sihat dan keratan rentas
sempit. Salur darah yang sempit ini mempunyai bukaan yang lebih kecil untuk
pengaliran darah di seluruh badan.

Cross section of healthy blood vessel Cross section of narrowed blood vessel
Keratan rentas salur darah sihat
Keratan rentas salur darah sempit

(a)

Based on the information above, compare the rate and amount of blood flow in the
healthy blood vessel and the narrowed blood vessel in the table provided.
Berdasarkan maklumat di atas, bandingkan kadar dan jumlah aliran darah yang
mengalir dalam salur darah sihat dan salur darah sempitdalam jadual yang disediakan.

Comparison
Perbandingan
Rate of blood flow
Kadar aliran darah
Amount of blood flow
Jumlah aliran darah

Healthy blood vessel


Salur darah sihat

Narrowed blood vessel


Salur darah sempit

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(b)

The table below shows the heart rate of twoadults who are at rest and while running.
Jadual berikut menunjukkan kadar denyutan jantung dua orang dewasa yang berada
dalam keadaan rehat dan sedang berenang.
Heart rate (beats per minutes)
Kadar denyutan jantung (denyutan per minit)
At rest
While swimming
Activity
Semasa rehat
Semasa berenang
Aktiviti
65
90
Adult A
Orang dewasa A
75
110
Adult B
Orang dewasa B
Based on the information above, which adultis most likely to have a narrowed blood
vessel? Explain your answer.
Berdasarkan maklumat di atas, orang dewasa yang manakah mempunyai salur darah
yang sempit? Terangkan jawapan anda.
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(c)

Narrowed blood vessels leave a smaller opening for blood to flow through.
Having narrowed blood vessels is like turning on a garden hose and holding your thumb
over the opening. The smaller opening makes the water shoot out with more pressure.
In the same way, narrowed blood vessels lead to high blood pressure. Other factors,
such as kidney problems and being overweight, also can lead to high blood pressure.
Salur darah yang sempit akan meninggalkan ruangan yang lebih kecil untuk
darah mengalir. Salur darah sempit ini seolah-olah seperti membuka hos air di kebun
dan menekan ibu jari pada hujung hos tersebut. Bukaan yang kecil pada hos
menyebabkan air terpancut dengan lebih tekanan. Pada masa yang sama, salur darah
yang sempit akan menyebabkan penyakit tekanan darah tinggi. Faktor lain seperti
masalah buah pinggang akibat diabetes dan kegendutan juga boleh membawa kepada
tekanan darah tinggi.

High pressure
Tekanan tinggi

Low pressure
Tekanan rendah

You are required to state three causes and three precautions of this high blood pressure
using the multi flow map shown below:
Anda dikehendaki menyatakan tiga punca dan tiga langkah mengatasi penyakit tekanan
darah tinggi menggunakan peta pelbagai alir seperti yang berikut :

HIGH BLOOD
PRESSURE
PENYAKIT DARAH
TINGGI

[6 marks]
[6 markah]

12

Studies show that one in four wells in the U.S. will test positive for coliform bacteria.
This
alarming statistic underscores the importance of proper disinfection and accurate,
periodic water testing. Ultraviolet (UV) light has been used since the early 20th century
to disinfect water, but increased consumer awareness about waterborne pathogens has
led to a rising demand for UV systems in private homes.
Below are some of the advantages and disadvantages of residential UV systems.
Kajian menunjukkan bahawa satu dalam empat telaga di Amerika Syarikat akan
menguji positif bagi bakteria coliform. Statistik yang membimbangkan ini menekankan
pentingnya disinfeksi yang betul dan tepat, ujian air berkala. Cahaya ultraviolet (UV)
telah digunakan sejak awal abad ke-20 untuk membasmi air, tetapi peningkatan
kesedaran tentang patogen bawaan air telah membawa kepada peningkatan
permintaan bagi sistem UV di rumah-rumah persendirian. Berikut adalah kebaikan dan
keburukannya pada sistem UV di tempat kediaman.

Advantages:
Kelebihan :
Unlike other disinfection methods, such as chlorination, UV does not require the use of
potentially harmful chemicals.
Tidak seperti kaedah pembasmian kuman lain, seperti pengklorinan, UV tidak
memerlukan penggunaan bahan kimia yang mungkin berbahaya.
Easy maintenance. If the proper pretreatment is employed a sediment filter or
reverse osmosis system, for example UV systems only require users to replace the
lamp once per year.

Penyelenggaraan yang mudah. Jika ada rawatan yang betul dijalankan, contohnya
penggunaan penapis sedimen atau sistem osmosis songsang, sistem UV hanya
memerlukan pengguna untuk menggantikan lampu sekali setiap tahun.

(a)

Disadvantages:
Kelemahan:
The water being treated must be adequately free of color and turbidity to allow
sufficient penetration.
Air yang dirawat mesti cukup jernih dan kekeruhan untuk membenarkan penembusan
yang mencukupi.
Areas with extremely hard water are not ideal for UV systems because scale buildup can
negatively affect the lamps ability to disinfect.
Kawasan air yang deras adalah tidak sesuai untuk sistem UV kerana pembentukan skala
negatif boleh menjejaskan keupayaan lampu untuk membasmi mikroorganisma.
Inadequate treatment utilizing UV lights may only damage the microorganisms, rather
than disrupt them. To ensure an effective treatment of the water, the dosage of UV
treatment has to be sufficient enough to disinfect the water.
Rawatan yang tidak cukup menggunakan lampu UV mungkin hanya merosakkan
mikroorganisma, dan bukannya menghapuskan mereka. Bagi memastikan rawatan air
yang berkesan, dos rawatan UV telah cukup mencukupi untuk membersihkan air.

Do we need to boil the water which was filtered from the UV lights?
Adakah kita perlu didihkan air yang telah ditapis menggunakan lampu UV?
_______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b)

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using UV lamp to purify water at your
house?
Apakah kelebihan dan kelemahan menggunakan lampu UV untuk membersihkan air di
rumah?
Advantage
Kelebihan

Disadvantage
Kelemahan

[4 mark]
[4 markah]
(c)

Explain why the following purification methods produce water that is not suitable for
drinking:
Jelaskan mengapa kaedah pembersihan air yang berikut kurang sesuai untuk air
diminum terus:
(i)
Filtration
Penurasan
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii)

Distillation
Penyulingan
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(d)

Water pollution occurs when water is dirtied by waste thrown into it. Polluted water is
no longer suitable for living things. Industrial wastes, chemical substances used in
agriculture and domestic waste are called water pollutants.
As a concerned student, suggest three steps that can be taken to reduce water
pollution.
Pencemaran air berlaku apabila air dikotori sampah yang dibuang ke dalamnya. Air
yang tercemar ini tidak sesuai untuk benda hidup. Sisa industri, bahan kimia yang
digunakan dalam agrikultur dan bahan buangan domestik dipanggil sebagai bahan
pencemar air.
Sebagai seorang pelajar yang prihatin, cadangkan tiga cara yang boleh diambil untuk
mengurangkan pencemaran air.

i)______________________________________________________________________
ii)______________________________________________________________________
iii)______________________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
[3 markah]

13. When a gas is placed under a sufficiently high pressure, it condenses and
becomes a liquid. The liquid will become a gas again when the pressure is
released from a container.this property is used to store gases under high
pressure in gas tanks and aerosol cans.
Diagram shows a gas tank and aerosol cans.
Apabila gas dikenakan tekanan yang cukup tinggi, gas akan mengkondensasi
dan berubah menjadi cecair. Cecair akan menjadi gas semula apabila tekanan
dibebaskan. Sifat ini digunakan untuk menyimpan gas di bawah tekanan tinggi
dalam tangki gas dan tin aerosol.
Rajah menunjukkan sebuah tong gas dan tin aerosol.

a) State three tools that operate based on air pressure.


Nyatakan tiga alat yang beroperasi berdasarkan tekanan udara.
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
[3 markah]
M1: siphon
M2: syringe
M3: liquid spray
b) State the use of syphon.
Nyatakan kegunaan sifon.
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
M1: to transfer liquid from a higher level to a lower level
c) Discuss the safety measures taken when using gas under high pressure.
Bincangkan langkah-langkah keselamatan yang diambil apabila
menggunakan gas di bawah tekanan tinggi.
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
[6 marks]
[6 markah]
M1: place the gas tank upright
M2: keep the gas tank away from heat sources or sunlight
M3: light the match first before turning on the gas
M4: do not store the gas tank in an enclosed space
M5: do not throw aerosol cans into a fire as they will explode
M6: turn off the gas valve when it is no longer in use
(or any other acceptable answers)

14. The experiment shown in diagram is carried out to study the factors that affect the
stability of objects. Wooden block P and Q have the same base area but different
heights. The plank on which they rest is tilted slowly.
Eksperimen seperti ditunjukkan rajah dijalankan untuk mengkaji faktor yang
mempengaruhi kestabilan objek. Blok kayu P dan Q mempunyai keluasan tapak
yang sama tetapi ketinggian yang berlainan. Papan kayu dicondongkan dengan
perlahan-lahan.
Plank
P

(a) State the variables.


Nyatakan pembolehubah-pembolehubah.
Constant / dimalarkan
: ____________________________________
Manipulated / dimanipulasi : ____________________________________
Responds / bergerak balas : ____________________________________
[3 marks]
[3 markah]
M1: constant base area of wooden block
M2: manipulated position of the centre of gravity of wooden block
M3: responds stability of wooden block
(b) What hypothesis can be made?
Apakah hipotesis yang boleh dibuat?
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
M1 M2: the lower the position of the centreof gravity, the more stable the
object
(c) Base on your knowledge, which wooden block in this experiment is more
stable? Discuss your answer.
Berdasarkan pengetahuan anda, blok kayu yang manakah yang lebih
stabil dalam eksperimen ini? Bincangkan jawapan anda.
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[2 marks]
[2 markah]

M1: block Q
M2: the centre of block Q is lower
(d) By suggesting an example, state one factor that affects the stability of
objects other than those shown in the experiment. Explain how the factor
affects the stability of objects.
Dengan mencadangkan satu contoh, nyatakan satu faktor yang
mempengaruhi kestabilan objek selain yang ditunjukkan dalam
eksperimen. Jelaskan bagaimana faktor tersebut mempengaruhi
kestabilan objek.
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[3 marks]
[3 markah]
M1: example - racing car or other examples
M2: the base area of objects
M3: the wider the base area of an object, the more stable the object