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Ella Beidler

Animal Cell Key:

1. Nucleolus-Produces RNA. It transfers the RNA to the ribosomes in order to make
proteins. Inside Nucleus, separate from DNA.
2. Nucleus- regulates DNA and RNA actions and is the control center of the cell. It also has
chromosomes and genes in it and surrounds the nucleolus. It is membrane bound with
3. Golgi Apparatus- packages, labels, and ships proteins out of cell. Consists of flattened
membranous sacs. It produces lysosomes and secretory vesicles. It is layered and
4. Lysosome- Packets of enzymes that break down materials such as food, other molecules,
and worn out cell parts. Membrane-bound sac of hydrolytic enzymes.
5. Vesicle- transports chemicals from the Endoplasmic Reticulum to the Golgi Apparatus. It
is a small membrane bound organelle.
6. Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum- Synthesizes lipids and metabolizes carbohydrates. It
detoxifies drugs and poisons and it stores calcium ions. (has no ribosomes). It is a
transportation route for proteins. It is made of channels and tubes.
7. Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum- (has ribosomes) - It transports proteins to vesicles to be
sent out of the cell. It has a granular appearance because of the ribosomes.
8. Mitochondria- Produces energy for the cells and is the site of cellular respiration.
Chemical energy is contained in nutrients is stored. It produces energy for movement,
secretion, and synthesis for complex structures. Produces ATP from sugars, fats, and
other fuels. It is kidney shaped.
9. Cytoplasm- Cell contents that are between cell membranes and nucleus. It contains
membrane-bound organelles, ribosomes, and cytoskeleton. Made of cytosol.
10. Cell Membrane- It regulates materials entering and exiting the cell. It forms the outer
boundary of the cell where it is made up of lipid molecules and protein. It also serves as
receptors for chemical signals from other cells.
11. Cytoskeleton- Is the structural support for the cell and is important for cell movement. .
Consists of protein filaments that form networks with in cytosol, which gives the cell its
shape. A network of long, thin protein fibers that form a framework for the cell and
provided anchor for other organelles.
12. Ribosome- Produces proteins for use in and out of cell. Ribosomes can be free (makes
protein for inside cell) or bound to the Endoplasmic Reticulum (proteins for outside cell)
Made of RNA and protein. They are small circular organelles.
13. Vacuole- Storage for water, waste, nutrients. Membrane bound sacs that are larger than
vesicles. There are more and much smaller vacuoles in an animal cell than in a plant cell.