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JMJ

Name_________________________
Period_________________________
Trigonometric Ratios SOHCAHTOA
1. From the top of a lighthouse 50 meters high, the
angle of depression of a boat out at sea is an
angle of 15. Find to the nearest meter the
distance from the boat to the foot of the
lighthouse, where the foot of the lighthouse is at
sea level.
2. From the top of a school 60 feet high, the angle
of depression to the road in front of the school
contains 38. Find to the nearest foot the
distance from the road to the school.
3. Find to the nearest degree the measure of the
angle of elevation of the sun when a student 170
cm tall casts a shadow 170cm long.
4. A 20 foot ladder leans against a building and
makes an angle of 72 with the ground. Find to
the nearest foot the distance between the foot of
the ladder and the building.
5. At a point on the ground 50 meters from the foot
of a tree, the angle of elevation of the top of the
tree contains 48. Find the height of the tree to
the nearest meter.
6. A ladder is leaning against a wall. The foot of
the ladder is 65 feet from the wall. The ladder
makes an angle of 74 with the level ground.
How high on the wall does the ladder reach?
Round the answer to the nearest tenth of a foot.
7. A boy visiting New York City views the Empire
State Building from a point on the ground, A,
which is 940 feet from the foot, C, of the
building. The angle of elevation of the top, B,
of the building as seen by the boy contains 53.
Find the height of a building to the nearest foot.
8. Find to the nearest meter the height of a
building if its shadow is 18 meters long when
the angle of elevation of the sun contains 38

Date____________
Geometry
9. From an airplane that is flying at an altitude of
3,000 feet. The angle of depression of an
airport ground signal measures 27. Find to the
nearest hundred feet the distance between the
airplane and the airport signal.
10. A 20 foot pole that is leaning against a wall
reaches a point that is 18 feet above the ground.
Find to the nearest degree the number of degrees
contained in the angle that the pole makes with
the ground.
11. A wire, 2.4 meters in length, is attached from
the top of a post to a stake in the ground. The
measure of the angle that the wire makes with
the ground is 35. Find to the nearest tenth of a
meter the distance from the stake to the foot of
the post.
12. An airplane rises at an angle of 14 with the
ground. Find to the nearest ten feet the distance
it has flown when it ahs covered a horizontal
distance of 1500 feet.
13. Henry is flying a kite. The kite string makes an
angle of 43 with the ground. If Henry is
standing 100 meters from a point on the ground
directly below the kite, find to the nearest meter
the length of the kite string, which is stretched
taut.
14. In rectangle ABCD, diagonal AC measure 11
cm and side AB measure 7 cm. Find to the
nearest degree the measure of angle CAB.
15. Find to the nearest meter the height of a church
spire that casts a shadow of 50 meters when the
angle of elevation of the sun contains 68.
16. From the top of a lighthouse 190 feet high, the
angle of depression of a boat out at sea contains
34. Find to the nearest foot the distance from
the boat to the foot of the lighthouse.

17. A straight road to the top of a hill is 25090


meters long and makes an angle of 12 with the
horizontal. Find to the nearest hundred meters
the height of the hill.
18. A wire attached to the top of a pole reaches a
stake in the ground 20 ft. from the foot of the
pole and makes an angle of 58 with the ground.
Find to the nearest foot the length of the wire.
19. An airplane climbs at an angle of 11 with the
ground. Find to the nearest hundred feet the
distance it has traveled when it has attained an
altitude of 400 feet.
20. Find to the nearest degree the measure of the
angle of elevation of the sun if a child 90 cm
high casts a shadow 180 cm long.
21. An isosceles triangle has an altitude of 12 and
base angles that measure 40. Find the base.
22. A rhombus has a perimeter of 48 and an angle
that measures 70. Find the lengths of the
diagonals.
23. The diagonals of a rectangle measure 20 and
they intersect at an angle of 100. Find the
length and width of the rectangle.
24. The diagonals of a rhombus measure 18 and 12.
A) Find the angles of the rhombus. B) Find the
perimeter.
25. The altitude of an isosceles triangle measures
15, and the congruent legs measure 20. Find the
base angles.
26. A 24 foot ladder leaning on a building makes an
angle of 70 with the ground. How high up the
building does it reach?
27. The angle of elevation to the top of an 80 foot
tree, from an ant on the ground, is 52. Ho far is
the ant from the tree.

28. The angle of depression from the top of a 130


foot lighthouse to the ship at see is 33. How
far from the lighthouse is the ship?
29. In rectangle ABCD, CD measures 15 and angle
CAD measures 40. Find diagonal AC.
30. Rhombus ABCD has a 70 angle at A, and
diagonal AC measures 20. A) Find the other
diagonal. B) Find the perimeter.