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U-AIS Transponder
FA-100

The paper used in this manual


is elemental chlorine free.

FURUNO Authorized Distributor/Dealer


9-52 Ashihara-cho,
Nishinomiya, 662-8580, JAPAN
Telephone : +81-(0)798-65-2111
Fax

: +81-(0)798-65-4200

All rights reserved.

Printed in Japan

A : JAN . 2003
C : AUG . 22, 2008

Pub. No. SME-44170-C


(NAYO )

FA-100

*00080961600*
*00080961600*
* 0 0 0 8 0 9 6 1 6 0 0 *

Modification of TX-PA board


The following describes how to modify TX-PA board for 1 W transmission.
Necessary parts
Parts
Resistor
Resistor
Resistor

Type
ERG-3GEYJ222V
ERG-3GEYJ681V
ERG-3GEYJ123

Code number
000-127-283
000-128-477
000-128-212

Remarks
R81, 2.2 k ohms
R82, 680 ohms
R71, 12 k ohms

R81: Add 2.2 k ohms.


(ERG-3GEYJ222V)

R82: Add 680 ohms.


(ERG-3GEYJ222V)

R71: Change 68 k ohms to 12 k ohms.


(ERG-3GEYJ123V)

IMPORTANT!
With unmodified TX-PA board, do not select 1 W on channels 1013 and 1067 in
Channel Edit and Set Ch & PWR menus. Excess power will damage the circuit.

3/3

1 W Transmission
Receiving Message 22 (Channel Management) from VTS, the AIS sets output power
to 1 W for channels 1013 and 1067 automatically.
The output power is also set manually by using the keystroke below.
1) Keystroke [MENU][6][2][2] (Channel Edit menu)

[CHANNEL EDIT]
SELECT NO. x
TIME:
--/--- --:-FROM
MMSI: --------TYPE: ----DTLS:[ENT]

[ENT]

[CHANNEL EDIT]
FROM MMSI:----------POWER:2W
+/CH-NO.:
CH-A: 0000
CH-B: 0000
MODE:
+/CH-A: TX/RX
CH-B: TX/RX
ZONE: 1 nm

[CHANNEL EDIT]
CH-AREA
RIGHT-TOP
LAT: 0000.0 N
LON: 00000.0 E
LEFT-BOTTOM
LAT: 0000.0 N
LON: 00000.0 E

Options on POWER line


Channels 1013 and 1067: 0, 1, 2 and 12.5 W
Other channels: 0, 2 and 12.5 W
2) Keystroke [MENU][7][7][Password][4] (SET CH&PWR)

[SET CH&PWR]
*POWER : 12.5W
+/CH-NO. CH-A : 2087
CH-B : 2088
MODE : CH-A : TX/RX +/CH-B : TX/RX
CH SET : AUTO

+/-

Do not forget to select AUTO before closing


the menu.

+/+/+/+/-

2/2

5) GNS sentence is valid if Mode indicator field includes one character. Old
software needs two characters or more.
6) GPS indication is jumper-selectable to GNSS.
7) VTS DSC related changes
(a) The DSC data is valid when either DX or RX is received successfully.
(b) The receiver decoder needs to detect the format specifier character twice for
all ships call and once for other calls.
(c) Automatic reporting of position ceases only if either the message symbol
No.102 followed by symbol No.00 is received or five consecutive automatic
reports of position is not acknowledged by the originator of the request.
(d) Transmitter power is not changed when the transmitter power level other than
2 W and 12.5 W is requested by receiving symbol 104 followed by 01. With old
software, 12.5 W is selected.
(e) When type of ship is selected by symbol number less than 50 not defined
(Menu>5>4), the transponder sends the data by receiving a call addressed to
Other types of ships no additional information (99).

G
F

En
F

E1

Dn
F

D1
En

E1

Bn
Dn

B1
D1

A
C

Bn

RX0
B1

RX1
D1 - Dn
E1 - En
F
G

RX2

RX/DX : Phasing sequence


A
: format specifier
B1 - Bn : address
C
: category

RX3
DX

RX4
DX

RX5
DX

RX6
DX

DX

Dot pattern

DX

RX7

DSC is a synchronous system using characters composed from a ten-bit error-detecting


code. The first seven bits of the ten bit code are information bits. Bits 8, 9 and 10 indicate, in
form of a binary number, the number of B elements that occur in seven information bits.
A part from the phasing characters, each character is transmitted twice in a time-spread
mode. The seven information bits of the primary code express a symbol number from 00 to
127. The symbols from 100 to 127 are used to code service commands. Figure 1 shows the
format of a transmission sequence.

: self-identification
: message
: end of sequence
: error-check character

Figure 1 Transmission sequence

Factory-modified sets
3539-9163 and after

Factory-modified sets of FQ4-2003-017 (MAIN: 2.08 and SUB: 2.10);


3539-0885, 0886, 1161, 1590, 1674, 1887, 2301, 2679, 2851, 2862, 2863, 2897,
2898, 2669 to 2699, 2931 to 2936, 3012 to 3020, 3221, 3223 to 3235, 3397 to
3417, 3420 to 3444, 3485 to 3501, 3504 to 3511, 3514, 3531 to 3722, 3755 to
3996, 4003 and after

MSC1/Circ.1252

AIS Test Report


Model: FA-150 FA-100
Serial Number:
Name of ship:

The AIS has been tested according to IMO SN/Circ.227


and resolution MSC.74(69), annex 3

Contents
AUTO MATIC IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AIS) TEST REPORT
Attachments
1. AIS Initial Setting List
2. Measurements
3. Interconnection Diagram
4. Antenna Lay out

MSC1/Circ.1252

AUTO MATIC IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AIS) TEST REPORT


Name of ship/call sign:
MMSI number:
Port of registry:
IMO Number:
Gross tonnage:
Date keel laid:

1. Installation details
Item
AIS transponder type:
1.1
Type approval certificate
1.2
Initial installation configuration report on board?
1.3
Drawings provided? (Antenna-, AIS-arrangement and block diagram)
1.4
Main source of electrical power,
1.5
Emergency source of electrical power,
1.6
Capacity to be verified if the AIS is connected to a battery
1.7
Pilot plug near pilots operating position?
1.8
120 V AC provided near pilot plug? (Panama and St. Lawrence requirement)
1.9
2. AIS programming . Static information
2.1
MMSI number
2.2
IMO number
2.3
Radio call sign
2.4
Name of ship
2.5
Type of ship
2.6
Ship length and beam
2.7
Location of GPS antenna
3. AIS programming . Dynamic information
3.1
Ships position with accuracy and integrity status (Source: GNSS)
3.2
Time in UTC (Source: GNSS)
3.3
Course over ground (COG) (will fluctuate at dockside) (Source GNSS)
3.4
Speed over ground (SOG) (zero at dockside) (Source: GNSS)
3.5
Heading (Source: Gyro)
3.6
Navigational status
3.7
Rate of turn, where available (ROT)
3.8
Angle of heel, pitch and roll, where available
4. AIS programming . voyage related information
4.1
Ships draught
4.2
Type of cargo
4.3
Destination and ETA (at masters discretion)
4.4
Route plan (optional)
4.5
Short safety-related messages

Status

MSC1/Circ.1252

5. Performance test using measuring instrument


5.1
Frequency measurements AIS ch. 1 and 2, GMDSS ch. 70
5.2
Transmitting output, AIS ch. 1 and 2, GMDSS ch. 70
5.3
Polling information ch. 70
5.4
Read data from AIS
5.5
Send data to AIS
5.6
Check AIS response to virtual vessels.
6. On air. performance test
6.1
Check reception performance
6.2
Confirm reception of own signal from other ship/VTS
6.3
Polling by VTS/shore installation
Electromagnetic interference from AIS observed to other installations?:

Remarks:

The AIS has been tested according to IMO SN/Circ.227 and resolution MSC.74(69),
annex 3
Name of Radio Inspector
Date and place
Name of Radio Inspector
Company

MSC1/Circ.1252

This Test Report is in accordance with MSC.1/Circ. 1252

1. AIS Initial Setting List (FA-100)


Setting Item

Setting

MMSI
IMO

Setting Item

Setting
NAME

1.SET SHIP DATA

C.SIGN
DRAUGHT
DTE

DEFAULT / KEY & DISP

DATE
2.SET DESTINATION

TIME
DESTINATION

5.INIT

3.SET NAV STATUS

SETTINGS

NAV STATUS
CREW

4.SET TYPE&CREW

TYPE

CLASS

A / B

TYPE NO.
CPA
5.SET CPA/TCPA

TCPA
ACTV

6.SET ANNTENA POS

ENBL /

DSBL

1. INTERNAL ANT POS

A:

B:

C:

D:

2. EXTERNAL ANT POS

A:

B:

C:

D:

MSC1/Circ.1252

Setting Item

Setting
PC I/O
SNSR1
SNSR2
SNSR3
LR
BEACON
EXTRA1
XTRA I/O
PORT LR
1.L/L COG SOG
2.HDG
3.ROT

2.I/O
FUNCTION

1. SET
I/O
PORT
3.I/O
PRIORITY

4. AIS

IP ADR
SUB NET MASK
PORT NO
POWER
CHANNEL NO.
TIME

4.SET
LAN
(IP ADDR)
1.VIEW
CHANNL

6.
SYSTEM
SETTING

4800bps / 38.4kbps
4800bps / 38.4kbps
4800bps / 38.4kbps
4800bps / 38.4kbps
4800bps / 38.4kbps
4800bps / 38.4kbps
4800bps / 38.4kbps
4800bps / 38.4kbps
LR / EXTDISP
SN1: SN2: SN3: EX1: LR: PC: LAN:
SN1: SN2: SN3: EX1: LR: PC: LAN:
SN1: SN2: SN3: EX1: LR: PC: LAN:
RESPONSE
PC/LAN /NONE / EX1 / LR
EX1
DSBL / ENBL
LR
DSBL / ENBL
PC
DSBL / ENBL
LAN
DSBL / ENBL
000-000-000-000 ->
000-000-000-000 ->
1000 ->
W
CH-A:
CH-B:

FROM
2.SET
CHANNEL 2.CHANNE
L EDIT

POWER
CH NO.
MODE
ZONE
CH AREA

3.SET LR
MODE
4.SET
OTHER
I/O
5.SET
BUZZER

LR MODE

AUTO / MANUAL

AD-10

DSBL

ENBL

ROT

sec

ALARM
CPA/TCPA
MSG ALM

ON / OFF
ON / OFF
ON / OFF

Program Number

Version

MAIN

245 - 0001 -

SUB

245 - 0002 -

H8S1

245 - 0003 -

H8S2

245 - 0004 -

H8S3

245 - 0005 -

MSC1/Circ.1252

2. Measurements (FA-100)
Checking Items

Result

Source of energy

Main

Emergency

Pilot plug arrangement

N/A

Yes

Reserve

Static information

Good

(Ship name, MMSI, Callsign, Type of Vessel, etc)

Dynamic information

Good

(Time, Pos, SOG, COG, Heading, Nav status, etc)

Voyage related information

Good

(Draft, Type of cargo, etc)

Alarm test

Good

Self-check (built - in) test

Good

Operation test (if applicable)

Good

Operation & Maintenance Manual

Good
.
161.975 MHz
(AIS-1:Ch87)
+20 %:
/
/
+3 ppm:

Transmitter Power and


Frequency error

W
Hz

162.025 MHz
(AIS-2:Ch88))
+20 %:
/
/
W
+3 ppm:
Hz

156.525 MHz
(Ch70)
+20 %:
/
/
+3 ppm:
Hz

3. Interconnection Diagram (FA-100)


GPS ANT
(GPA-17S)
(GSC-001-FA)

GPS/VHF ANT
GVA-100

VHF ANT
(150M-W2VN)
(FAB-151D)

SNSR-3

Sensor

SNSR-2

Sensor
Sensor

SNSR-1

DB-1

VHF ANT

CB-100

Beacon RCVR
for DGPS
Extra-1

GPS ANT

Long Range
PC I/O
External ALM
EX1pps

FA-100
Extra-2
[J2:EXTRA I/O]

LAN

AD-10

AC MAIN

VAC

Alternative Source: 24VDC

Power Supply
( Type:

POWER

AD-100

LOG
(contact)

( EMG / RES / COMM / Other)

Log
Not used

External GPS

Remarks

MSC1/Circ.1252

Reported by:

Date:

1. AIS Initial Setting List (FA-150)


Setting Item

Setting
MMSI
IMO#

MMSI

00

NAME
C.SIN

SET INT ANT POS

A, B, C, D

A:

B:

C:

D:

SET EXT ANT POS

A, B, C, D

A:

B:

C:

D:

SET SHIP TYPE

10 -- 90

Ex; 70 (Cargo ship)

MODE

LONG RANGE

SPEED

IEC61162-1

IEC61162-2

MODE

EXT DISPLAY /

SPEED

IEC61162-1

MODE

EXT DISPLAY /

SPEED

IEC61162-1

COM 1

COM 2

SET

COM 3

COM
PORT

SENSOR

COM 4

SPEED
SENSOR

COM 5
SET I/O

SPEED
SENSOR

COM 6

PORT
SET PC PORT

SET LAN PORT

SET
PRIORTY

HI LEVEL IF

HI LEVEL IF

AD10

IEC61162-2
MONITOR

IEC61162-2

IEC61162-2

IEC61162-2

IEC61162-2

SENSOR
IEC61162-1
SENSOR
IEC61162-1
SENSOR
IEC61162-1

MODE

STANDARD

/ MONITOR

SPEED

4800

MODE

STANDARD / MONITOR / SEFRVICE


IP ADDRESS: 172.031.024.001
Changed:
SUBNET MASK: 255.255.000.000
Changed:
PORT No. 10000
Changed:

IP

COM 4, 5, 6
-> 1, 2, 3

Program Version
FA-1501: 2450018-01.

MONITOR

SPEED

ADDRESS
L/L
SOG,
COG
HDG
ROT

EXT DISPLAY

9600

/ 19.2k

Default

FA-1502: 2450021-01.

SEFRVICE / BEACON

38.4k /

54.7k

MSC1/Circ.1252

2. Measurements (FA-150)
Checking Items

Result

Source of energy

Main

Emergency

Pilot plug arrangement

N/A

Yes

Reserve

Static information

Good

Dynamic information

Good

(Time, Pos, SOG, COG, Heading, Nav status, etc)

Voyage related information

Good

(Draft, Type of cargo, etc)

Alarm test

Good

Self-check (built - in) test

Good

Operation test (if applicable)

Good

Operation & Maintenance Manual

Good
.
161.975 MHz
(AIS-1:Ch87)
+20 %:
/
/
+3 ppm:

Transmitter Power and


Frequency error

(Ship name, MMSI, Callsign, Type of Vessel, etc)

W
Hz

162.025 MHz
(AIS-2:Ch88))
+20 %:
/
/
W
+3 ppm:
Hz

3. Interconnection Diagram (FA-150)

GPS/VHF ANT
GVA-100

GPS ANT
(GPA-17S)
(GSC-001-FA)

VHF ANT
(150M-W2VN)
(FAB-151D)

DISP

FA-1501

COM 1
COM 2

VHF ANT
DB-1

COM 3
GPS ANT
COM 4
LAN

COM 5
COM 6

RS-232C

EXT ALM

AC MAIN

VAC

Alternative Source: 24VDC


( EMG / RES /

COMM / Other)

Power Supply
( Type:

Remarks
)

FA-1502

156.525 MHz
(Ch70)
+20 %:
/
/
+3 ppm:

W
Hz

24

23

22

21

20

19

18

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

No.

Antenna

4. Antenna Lay out


Grid Scale:

MSC1/Crcr.1252

24

23

22

21

20

19

18

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

No.

Antenna

4. Antenna Lay out


Grid Scale:

MSC1/Crcr.1252

CONTENTS
Setting and Checking guide .................................................................................. 1
1. Operating voltage of Power unit (PR-240)............................................................... 1
2. Sensor output ............................................................................................................ 1
3. MMSI and IMO numbers ......................................................................................... 2
4. Menu setting ([MENU][5] and [6]).......................................................................... 2
5. Functional Check...................................................................................................... 4
6. Modifications in initial production ........................................................................... 9

Chapter 1. General
1.1 AIS System .......................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1.1 Carriage requirement ............................................................................... 1-1
1.1.2 AIS system............................................................................................... 1-2
1.1.3 FA-100 ..................................................................................................... 1-4
1.2 Installation ........................................................................................................... 1-5
1.2.1 VHF antenna............................................................................................ 1-5
1.2.2 GPS antenna ............................................................................................ 1-6
1.2.3 Power supply ........................................................................................... 1-6
1.2.4 Location of display unit........................................................................... 1-6
1.2.5 Radar/ECDIS Connection........................................................................ 1-6
1.2.6 Pilot Jack ................................................................................................. 1-6
1.2.7 Sensor Connection................................................................................... 1-6

Chapter 2. Location of Parts


2.1 Display Unit......................................................................................................... 2-1
2.2 P.C. Board in Display Unit................................................................................... 2-5
2.3 Combined Antenna Unit .................................................................................... 2-11
2.4 Distributor (DB-1) ............................................................................................. 2-13
2.5a Junction Box (CB-100: 41p type) .................................................................... 2-13
2.5b Junction Box (CB-100: 48p type).................................................................... 2-14
2.6 Power Supply Unit (PR-240)............................................................................. 2-15

CONTENTS

Chapter 3. Menu List


3.1 Menu List............................................................................................................. 3-1
3.2 Navigational Status.............................................................................................. 3-6
3.3 Type of ship and cargo type................................................................................. 3-7

Chapter 4. Set up
4.1 MMSI and IMO number Setting ......................................................................... 4-1
4.2 Initial Setting (INIT SETTING) .......................................................................... 4-2
4.2.1 SET SHIP DATA ..................................................................................... 4-3
4.2.2 SET DESTINATION............................................................................... 4-4
4.2.3 SET NAV STATUS.................................................................................. 4-4
4.2.4 SET TYPE & CREW .............................................................................. 4-5
4.2.5 SET CPA/TCPA....................................................................................... 4-5
4.2.6 SET ANTENNA POS ............................................................................. 4-6
4.3 SYSTEM SETTING ............................................................................................ 4-8
4.3.1 SET I/O PORT....................................................................................... 4-13
1. I/O SPEED......................................................................................... 4-13
2. I/O FUNCTION (Default: EXT DISP) ............................................. 4-18
3. I/O PRIORTY .................................................................................... 4-18
4. SET LAN (IP ADDR) ....................................................................... 4-22
4.3.2 SET CHANNEL.................................................................................... 4-23
1. VIEW CHANNEL............................................................................. 4-23
2. CHANNEL EDIT .............................................................................. 4-23
4.3.3 SET LR MODE ..................................................................................... 4-25
4.3.4 SET OTHER I/O ................................................................................... 4-25
4.3.5 SET BUZZER ....................................................................................... 4-26
4.3.6 Example of System setting .................................................................... 4-27
4.4 Jumper setting on new CB-100 (48p type) ........................................................ 4-29
4.5 PR-240 power alteration .................................................................................... 4-30

CONTENTS

Chapter 5. Updating program


5.1 General ................................................................................................................ 5-1
5.2 Program files ....................................................................................................... 5-4
5.3 MAIN CPU.......................................................................................................... 5-5
5.3.1 Connection for updating MAIN CPU...................................................... 5-5
5.3.2 Updating Procedure ................................................................................. 5-5
5.4 SUB CPU............................................................................................................. 5-8
5.4.1 Connection for updating SUB CPU ........................................................ 5-8
5.4.2 Updating Procedure ................................................................................. 5-8
5.5 H8S1/2/3............................................................................................................ 5-11
5.5.1 Connection for updating H8S1/2/3........................................................ 5-11
5.5.2 Updating procedure ............................................................................... 5-11

Chapter 6. Circuit Description


6.1 System Configuration.......................................................................................... 6-1
6.2 Major parts in Display Unit ................................................................................. 6-2
6.3 Functional Description ........................................................................................ 6-5
6.3.1 Antenna.................................................................................................... 6-5
6.3.2 Major Signals........................................................................................... 6-6
6.3.3 TX EXCTR (24P0012)............................................................................ 6-7
6.3.4 TDM PA (24P0014)................................................................................. 6-8
6.3.5 DSC RX (24P0013) ................................................................................. 6-9
6.3.6 TDMA RX1 (24P0010A) and TDMA RX2 (24P0010B) ..................... 6-10
6.3.7 MPB (24P0015)..................................................................................... 6-12
6.3.8 PWX (24P0016) .................................................................................... 6-18
6.3.9 Interface circuits .................................................................................... 6-20

CONTENTS

Chapter 7. Measurement
7.1 General ................................................................................................................ 7-1
7.2 Connection........................................................................................................... 7-2
7.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................. 7-2
7.4 Confirming own ships static data ....................................................................... 7-8
7.5 Confirming own ships dynamic data.................................................................. 7-9
7.5.1 Own dynamic data ([MENU][3][2])........................................................ 7-9
7.5.2 Sensor Status ([MENU][3][4]) .............................................................. 7-10

Chapter 8. Test
8.1 Power-on Test ...................................................................................................... 8-1
8.2 Alarm Indication.................................................................................................. 8-3
8.3 DIAGNOSTICS .................................................................................................. 8-7
1. PROGRAM NO. ................................................................................ 8-8
2. MEMORY TEST................................................................................. 8-8
3. KEY TEST .......................................................................................... 8-8
4. LCD TEST........................................................................................... 8-9
5. ON/OFF HISTORY ........................................................................... 8-9
6. GPS TEST ......................................................................................... 8-10
7. FOR SERVICE .................................................................................. 8-11
8.4 Factory Reset (Memory clear)........................................................................... 8-14
8.5 Error message list .............................................................................................. 8-15

CONTENTS

Chapter 9. AIS System


9.1 General ................................................................................................................ 9-1
9.1.1 Information sent by ships ........................................................................ 9-1
9.1.2 Components ............................................................................................. 9-2
9.1.3 Technology behind AIS ........................................................................... 9-5
9.1.4 Message structure .................................................................................... 9-7
9.1.4.1. Slot.............................................................................................. 9-7
9.1.4.2. Packet format.............................................................................. 9-9
9.1.5 Network Entry ....................................................................................... 9-10
9.1.5.1. Initialization Phase ................................................................... 9-10
9.1.5.2. Access to data link.................................................................... 9-11
9.1.5.3. Modes of Operation.................................................................. 9-15
9.1.5.4. Message structure ..................................................................... 9-15
9.2 Channel Management ........................................................................................ 9-18
9.2.1 Dual Channel Operation ........................................................................ 9-18
9.2.2 Transitional Mode Operations ............................................................... 9-19
9.3 Message ............................................................................................................. 9-21
9.3.1 Message types........................................................................................ 9-21
9.3.2 Message Descriptions ............................................................................ 9-25
9.4 DSC Operations................................................................................................. 9-37
9.4.1 Flowchart ............................................................................................... 9-37
9.4.2 Message Structure ................................................................................. 9-38
9.5 Long Range Applications .................................................................................. 9-43

CONTENTS

Appendix
1. VHF Channel List ...................................................................................................AP1-1
2. IEC-61162-1 sentence ...........................................................................................AP2-1
1. Sentences used in FA-100.................................................................................AP2-1
2. General .............................................................................................................AP2-2
2.1 Structure ................................................................................................AP2-2
2.2 IEC-61162-1 AIS sentences ..................................................................AP2-5
3. New serial sentences overview.......................................................................AP2-22
3. Specifications ..........................................................................................................AP3-1
4. Connection to FR-21x5..........................................................................................AP4-1
5. Connection to FAR-28x5 .......................................................................................AP5-1
6. Connection to FEA-2105.......................................................................................AP6-1

Exploded View ............................................................................... D-1


Parts List ........................................................................................ E-1
Contents of Drawings.................................................................... S-0

Setting and Checking guide


1. Operating voltage of Power unit (PR-240)
Operating voltage of the PR-240 is jumper-selectable to 115 Vac or 230 Vac
(factory-default). Check the jumper setting on the PR-240.
** The AIS is required alternative source, for example emergency source. **
Check item

Page

AC power supply voltage

115 VAC 230 VAC

Alternative source connection

Yes

4-30

No

2. Sensor output
Check the output sentence of the sensor being connected to the AIS. Receivable NMEA
signal is Ver. 2.0 or above. Select IEC when both IEC and NMEA sentence can be
selected. Set the transmission interval to 1 second.
Acceptable sentence and
priority
GNS>GLL>GGA>RMC
VBW*>RMC>VTG>OSD*
RMC>VTG>OSD*

RMC
GNS, GLL
GGA, VTG

DTM

DTM (WGS-84) IEC(NMEA)Ver:

Gyro

HDT>OSD*>AD format

HDT

Rate of Turn indicator**

TI ROT> Calculated value

ROT

Equipment

GNSS

Position
Ground speed
Course
Land
surveying

Example

Setting

IEC(NMEA)Ver:
IEC(NMEA)Ver:

*: VBW is the sentence from the Speed and Distance measuring devices.
OSD is the sentence from the radar.
**: Connect if available. All ships of 50,000 GT constructed on or after 1 July, 2002 must be fitted
with a ROT.

Setting and Checking guide

3. MMSI and IMO numbers


To enter MMSI and IMO numbers, turn on the unit while holding [x] and enter
password ([x][x][x][x][x][x]).
Number
MMSI

Remarks

Page

9 digits (same as DSC)


Enter leading zeros when IMO number is
7 digits, [00xxxxxxx].
When IMO number is not assigned,
[000000000].

IMO

4-1

4. Menu setting ([MENU][5] and [6])


4.1 Initial Setting ([MENU][5])
To register the setting, select YES in the save window.
Item
1. SET SHIP
DATA
2. SET
DESTINATION
3. SET NAV
STATUS

NAME
C.SIGN
DRAUGHT
DTE
DATE
TIME
DESTINATION
NAV STATUS

CREW
TYPE CLASS
TYPE NO.
CPA
5. SET
TCPA
CPA/TCPA
ACTV
1. INTERNAL
6. SET
ANT POS
ANNTENA
2. EXTERNAL
POS
ANT POS
4. SET
TYPE &
CREW

Setting

Tick

Page

Enter at installation.
Enter at installation.
User setting
KEY & DISP

4-3

User setting

4-4

User setting
Factory-default;
00: DEFAULT
User setting
Always A
User setting
User setting
Enter at installation.
(A/B/C/D)

4-4
4-5
4-5

4-6

Setting and Checking guide

4.2 System Setting ([MENU][6])


(1) Before the system setting, check the connection on I/O ports.
Port Name

Equipment

SNSR-1
SNSR-2
SNSR-3
Beacon
CB-100
Long Range
EXTRA-1
RS-422
PC I/O
RS-232C
EXT ALM
EXTRA I/O (OUT only)
LAN
AD-10

GNSS / HDG / ROT


GNSS / HDG / ROT
GNSS / HDG / ROT

Baud Rate
4800 bps
4800 bps
4800 bps
4800 bps
4800 bps
4800 bps
4800 bps
4800 bps

/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/

38.4 kbps
38.4 kbps
38.4 kbps
38.4 kbps
38.4 kbps
38.4 kbps
38.4 kbps
38.4 kbps

4800 bps / 38.4 kbps

(2) Menu setting ([MENU][6])


To register the setting, select YES in the save window.
Item

1. I/O
SPEED

2. I/O
FUNCTION
1. SET
I/O PORT
3. I/O
PRIORTY

4. SET LAN

Example
PC I/O
SNSR 1
SNSR 2
SNSR 3
LR
BEACON
EXTR 1
XTR I/O
PORT LR

Page

38.4kbps

4-13

4800bps

4-14

38.4kbps
4800bps
38.4kbps
38.4kbps
Depending on the
connection

1. L/L SOG
COG
Use default setting
2. HDG
3. ROT
RESPONSE
EX 1
Use
default
4. AIS
LR
setting
PC
LAN
IP
ADDRESS
Depending on the
SUB NET
connection
MASK
PORT NO

Tick

4-15
4-18
4-18

4-21

4-22

Setting and Checking guide

2. SET
CHANNEL
3. SET
LR MODE
4. SET
OTHER IO
5. SET
BUZZER

1. VIEW CHANNEL

Depending on
ships position

4-23

Use default setting

4-23

Depending on the
connection

4-25

Use default setting

4-26

2. CHANNEL EDIT
LR MODE

5. Functional Check
5.1 Error message
Check errors occurred at last use through ALARM HISTRY menu.
Key stroke: [MENU][7][7] PASSWORD: xxxxxx [3]
Errors

Page

8-3

Power OFF

Power ON

Power OFF

Errors occurred during this period are


memorized and displayed in Alarm
History menu.

5.2 Program version


Press [MENU][7][1] to confirm the program version. The program should be the latest
one. See page 5-2.
Program

Version

MAIN

245-0001-

SUB
H8S1
H8S2
H8S3

245-0002245-0003245-0004245-0005-

Port to be used
EXT GP
AUX2
CB-100 #35-37

Program updating
Signal format

Page

RS-422

5-5
5-8

RS-232C

LOG IN
AUX1

5-11

Setting and Checking guide

5.3 Self test


Press [MENU][7] and carry out the following tests.
Checking items

Description

Page

Displaying power-on test result


To finish testing, press [ESC] three
times.
Displaying normal video and
reversed video
Checking Internal GPS

8-8

Result

2 MEMORY TEST
3 KEY TEST
4 LCD TEST
6 GPS TEST

8-8
8-9
8-10

5.4 Input from sensors


Check input data from sensors in OWN DYNAMIC menu ([MENU][3][2]). This check
is carried out with the internal GPS disconnected. The switching between internal and
external GNSSs may require 30 seconds or more.
Checking
item
LAT
LON
SOG
COG
ROT
HDG

Description

Page

GNS>GLL>GGA>RMC
(1/10000min)
SOG: VBW>RMC>VTG>OSD
COG: RMC>VTG>OSD
*SOG and COG use the same sentence.
Calculated from HDG of which talker is
other than Rate of Turn Indicator, TI.
EX) L(R)>10.0 deg/min, 0.0 deg/min,
HDT>OSD>AD format

7-9

Indication

When neither GNSS nor HDG data is input;


- check the output sentence of the sensor.
- check wiring.
- check I/O SPEED menu ([MENU][6][1][1], see page 4-13.)
To separate the problem, carry out I/O test. ([MENU][7][7], page 8-12.)
If the test does not find any fault, the FA-100 works normally.

Setting and Checking guide

5.5 Sensors in use


Open SENSOR STATUS menu ([MENU][3][4]) and confirm sensors in use.
Remarks

Indication

Position data priority


1. External DGNSS
2. Internal DGPS
3. External DGNSS
4. Internal DGPS

Page

7-10

5.6 Synchronization mark


Check synchronization mark in OWN DYNAMIC menu ([MENU][3][2]). If the mark
does not appear, the system fails to synchronize with UTC signal. Carry out internal
GPS check, page 8-10.
Synchronization mark
Blink: Monitoring TX output power
in the RX circuit.

5.7 Receiving condition


When receiving signals from other ships, the target mark ([
])appears in PLOTTER
display ([MENU][2]). When slot synchronization is not completed, PLEASE WAIT!
appears.

When receiving other ships information

When not receiving other ships information

Setting and Checking guide

5.8 Output power and transmission frequency


If necessary, measure frequency and output power of the AIS signal. In CHANNEL
EDIT menu ([MENU][6][2][2]), set frequency and output power to be transmitted. Then,
transmit the signal through TXF TEST menu ([MENU][7][7] PASSWORD: xxxxxx
[1][7]).

Frequency
deviation
+ 3ppm

Output power

Channel

12.5 W + 20%

2 W + 20%

CH 87 (AIS)
CH 88 (AIS)
CH 70 (DSC)
CH
CH

Page

Chapter. 7

To check whether the signal is modulated or not, use No.1 or No.2 VHF
radiotelephones. See page 7-6 for the transmission of modulated signal.

5.9 Interferance to VHF


Check that FA-100 does not interfere to No.1 and No.2 VHF radiotelephones with the
SQ set to off. The channels to be selected on the VHF include CH87, CH88, CH16,
CH6, CH12, CH13 and other channels being used frequently.
The check is made with two signals: forced transmitted signal and normal AIS signal
(autonomous mode). Reporting interval in the autonomous mode is 3 minutes when the
ship is at anchor(NAV STATUS setting). The transmission period is 26 mseconds.
Forced transmission
CH
VHF
No.1
No.2

87

88

27

28

16

12

70

(0: No interferance, 1: Noisy, 2: Noise suppressed)

Normal operating condition


CH
VHF
No.1 VHF
No.2 VHF

87

88

27

28

16

12

70

(0: No interferance, 1: Noisy, 2: Noise suppressed)

Setting and Checking guide

5.10 Sending short message


If possible, send a message to other ship to make a functional check of the AIS.
To send a short message;
1. Set SET MSG TYPE menu ([MENU][4][1][1]).
- ADDRESS TYPE: ADDRESS CAST
- MMSI: Entering MMSI
- MSG TYPE: NORMAL
- CHANNEL: BOTH
2. Create a message in SET MSG menu ([MENU][4][1][2]).
3. Transmit the message through SEND MSG menu ([MENU][4][1][3]). The
transmitted message is Messages 6 Addressed binary (6 bit ASCII). Transmission is
complete with SEND MESSAGE COMPLT message.
4. After a while, the AIS receives the acknowledgement from the called station and
displays SUCCESSFUL message. If not, UNSUCCESSFUL appears.

Setting and Checking guide

6. Modifications in initial production


6.1 General
FA-100 was modified in the initial production. The main reason of the modification is to
improve the performance and to isolate the RS-422 port.
When using units, confirm the program number and board combination with old unit
and the new unit as shown in Table 6-1.
** New type: Shipment after Janualy, 2003. **
FA-100: 0093-0095, 0101-0104, 0123-0131, 0134-0139, 0143-0149, 0151,
0155-0170, 0174, 0179-0228, 0230-0247, 0249 and after
CB-100: 1001 and afrer

Table6-1 Factory default of each board


NAME
(board)

Program
numbers of
MAIN and
SUB CPUs
001

MPB
RX 1
RX 2
PA

002
001
002
001
002
001
002

Factory Default (deliver)


Program version 001 installed to 24P0015-66. See page 12.
Program version 002 installed to 24P0015-66.
(The performance is improved.)
24P0010A-44 or 55 (The performance of both boards is improved.)
24P0010A-55 (The performance is improved.)
24P0010B-44 or 55 (The performance of both boards is improved.)
24P0010B-55 (The performance is improved.)
24P0014-33 (The performance is improved.)

24P0024-33
(The I/F is isolated and the performance is not improved)
MOT 2
24P0024-44
002
(The I/F is isolated and the performance is improved)
41-pin
Used with the combination with MOT-2 board; 24P0024-33 which
Terminal board I/F is not isolated.
CB-100
48-pin
Used with the combination with MOT-2 board; 24P0024-44 which
Terminal board I/F is isolated.
001

Note)
1. Select the type of MPB or MOT-2 boards, according to the program number of
MAIN and SUB CPUs
2. FA-100 with isolated RS-422 transceivers must be used in combination with 48-pin
CB-100.

Setting and Checking guide

6.2 Software
Two program numbers exist.
Old and new programs cannot be used in mixture.
Table6-2
Program Name
MAIN
SUB

Program Number
New
Old
245-0001-002
245-0001-001
245-0002-002
245-0002-001

To show the program number, press [MENU][7][1].


[PROGRAM NO.]
MAIN
SUB
H8S1
H8S2
H8S3

: 245-0001-00x
: 245-0002-00x
: 245-0003-001
: 245-0004-001
: 245-0005-001

6.3 Combination of CB-100 and FA-100 unit


New CB-100
New CB-100, consists of CBP board, 24P0031 and a 48-pin terminal board. This unit
is used in combination with 44 MOT-2 board and after on which isolated RS-422
transceiver is mounted.

+
24P0031

New CB-100

-44 MOT-2 board

10

Setting and Checking guide

Old CB-100
Old CB-100 is equipped only with 41-pin terminal board. This unit is used in
combination with 33 MOT-2 board, on which the RS-422 interface is not isolated.

No parts

Old CB-100

-33 MOT-2 board

Table6-3
Name
MOT-2 board

CB-100 unit

Yes
No

The performance
improvement
Yes
No

Yes

No

No

No

Isolation

New (24P0024-44 and after)


Old (24P0024-33 and before)
New type;
48-pin Terminal board
Old type;
41-pin Terminal board

Note)
- New MOT-2 is used in combination with new CB-100.
- Old MOT-2 is used in combination with old CB-100

11

Setting and Checking guide

6.4 Combination of Software and Hardware


Table 6-4 lists the combination of software and hardware.
If one of boards or program number is old, the performance remains unchanged.
Table 6-4
Program
Board/Unit
24P0015-66 and after
MPB
24P0015- 55
24P0010A-55 and after
RX 1
24P0010A-44
24P0010B-55 and after
RX 2
24P0010A-44
24P0014-33, original
PA
24P0014-33, modified
24P0024-44 and after
MOT 2
24P0024-33
48-pin T.B.
CB-100
41-pin T.B.

MAIN: 245-0001-001
SUB : 245-0002-001
Not possible*
Possible
Possible
Possible
Possible
Possible
Possible
Possible
Possible
Possible
Possible
Possible

MAIN: 245-0001-002
SUB : 245-0002-002
Possible
Not possible
Possible
Possible
Possible
Possible
Possible
Possible
Possible
Possible
Possible
Possible

*: 55 MPB board cannot be used with 002 MAIN and SUB CPU programs.
However, 66 MPB board and after can be used with both 001 and 002 CPU
programs by changing the jumper setting as below.
After changing jumpers, change the corresponding MAIN and SUB CPU program.
Table 6-5
Program
MPB board
24P0015-66 and after

Use 66 MPB board with 001 program.


MAIN: 245-0001-001
SUB: 245-0002-001
JP6: Cut
JP7: Short

MAIN: 245-0001-002
SUB: 245-0002-002
JP6: Short
JP7: Open

JP6
JP7

12

Chapter 1. General
1.1 AIS System
1.1.1 Carriage requirement
All new ships engaged in international voyage and built from 1st July, 2002 must carry
an AIS (Automatic Identification System) by SOLAS chapter 5, 19. It is obligated to all
ships of over 500GT not engaged in international voyage. Existing ships is given longer
as shown in table 1.1.1.
Table1.1.1 Schedule
International
voyage

Type

Passenger
ship
Other than
engaged
Passenger
ship
Passenger
ship
not engaged Other than
Passenger
ship
Tanker
Cargo ship
engaged

Cargo ship
Cargo ship
Cargo ship

Passenger
ship
not engaged Other than
Passenger
ship

Size

Built

Over 300
GT

Schedule for equipment


2002.7.1 2003.7.1 2004.7.1 2005.7.1 2006.7.1 2007.7.1 2008.7.1

After
2002.7.1
2002.7.1

Over 500
GT
Over 300
GT
Over
50,000GT
10,000 to
50,000 GT
3,000 to
Before
10,000 GT 2002.6.30
300 to
3,000 GT

Before
2003.7.1
inspectioin

2003.7.1
2004.7.1

2005.7.1
2006.7.1
2007.7.1

2008.7.1

Over 500
GT

Fig. 1.1.1 FA-100 display unit

1-1

1.1 AIS System

1.1.2 AIS system


Fig. 1.1.2 shows AIS scheme. AIS is a broadcast communications system operating in
the VHF maritime band, that is capable of sending ship information, such as
identification, position, course, speed, ship dimensions, draught, ship type, and cargo
information, to other ships and to shore. See chapter 9 for details. Table 1.1.2 lists
information broadcasted by the AIS.
Table 1.1.2 AIS Information
Static information
MMSI
Call sign
Ships name
IMO number
Ships length and width
Ship type
Antenna position for
positioning (GNSS)

Dynamic
information
Position (WGS-84)
UTC
Location accuracy
Ground speed, course
Forward direction
Rate of turn (ROT)

Voyage related
information
Draught
Danger loading

Destination and
arrival time

Safety related massage

Short text message


(If necessary)

Voyage status

The update rate of the dynamic information depends on speed and course alteration (3
minutes to 2 seconds). The static information or voyage related information is updated
every 6 minutes or by the request.
Satellite
communications
(For future use)

Inmarsat-C

Controlling the ships


operation
Providing the safety
information for voyage

Long Rang Communication


(Dynamic, Static and voyage information)

VHF

Position, forward direction


and ships speed

AIS Transponder
FA-100
Destination and loading

VTS base station

Ships name, call sign, type of


ship, ships size etc
Voyage, control, port and GPS revising
information

Safety related
information
-Identyfying the ship
-Helping the other ships capture
-Exchanging the information for
collision avoidance

Fig. 1.1.2 AIS overview

1-2

1.1 AIS System

AIS operation
The system operates on two parallel VHF channels. These channels are allocated to the
international channel and regional frequency.
- AIS1 161.975MHz (CH87B: 2087)
- AIS2 162.025MHz (CH88B: 2088)
The transmitting output power is 12.5 W/ 2 W. The frequency changing methods are as
follows;
- VHF DSC (CH70) commands from a base station
- TDMA (AIS message) commands from a base station
- Commands from shipborne systems, for example, ECDIS
- Manual input commands
AIS is controlled by TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) which synchronizes to
UTC. TDMA used the concept of a frame. A frame equals to 1 minute and is divided
into 2250 slots. 2 channels have 4500 slots per minute transmission capability. For
example, messages which use the SOTDMA (Self Organization Time Division Multiple
Access) access scheme are of a repeatable character and are used in order to supply a
continuously updated surveillance picture to other users of the data link.

Fig. 1.1.3 AIS slot


Shipborne mobile Equipment Classes
AIS shipborne mobile station is divided to Class A and Class B. FA-100 is Class A.
Class A complies with relevant IMO AIS carriage requirement and is capable of
receiving and transmitting short safety related messages containing important
navigational or important meteorological warning.
Class B provides facilities not necessary in full accordance with IMO AIS carriage
requirement and is capable of receiving short safety related messages.

1-3

1.1 AIS System

1.1.3 FA-100
FA-100 is a Class A shipborne mobile station in accordance with IEC61993-2 and ITU
M.1371. The FA-100 consists of a display unit (transponder, keyboard and 4.5-inch
monochrome 120x64 dot LCD), GPS antenna, VHF antenna and the junction box where
external equipment is connected.
The antenna is selected from two types:
- GPS (GSC-001) antenna and VHF antenna (150M-W2VN)
- Combined antenna: GVA-100
At least own ship position, COG and SOG from GPS, and head data from gyrocompass
are fed to FA-100.

AIS data

AIS Transponder
FA-100

Radar

GPS Navigator

L/L, SOG,
COG

FR-15x5 MK3
FR-21x5
FAR-28x5

GP-80/500MK2

AIS data
HDT
own ships information

ECDIS
FEA-2105
FEA-2100

Gyrocompass
Input information

ROT

Junctioin Box
AIS data

CB-100

Turn rate Indicator


(If available)

PC

- The radar and ECDIS of above model must be modified for the connection to the AIS.
- AIS software is installed onto the PC so that the AIS is controlled from the PC.
Fig. 1.1.4 System configuration of FA-100

1-4

1.2 Installation

1.2 Installation
1.2.1 VHF antenna
Generally, five VHF antennas are installed on board a ship; No.1 VHF transceiver,
CH70 DSC WR, No.2 VHF transceiver, CH70 DSC WR and AIS VHF antenna.
Locating the VHF antennas is an important factor to prevent interferences. The AIS
VHF antenna must separate from other VHF antennas more than 10 m horizontally or
more than 2.8 m vertically. GPS/VHF combined antenna needs single cable run to the
display unit.

CH70 DSC WR antenna


Easy to install GPS/VHF combined
antenna of AIS

No. 1 and No. 2 transceiver antennas

Fig. 1.2.1 Example of VHF antenna installation

1-5

1.2 Installation

1.2.2 GPS antenna


UTC is requested for the synchronization of AIS signal. The initial GPS is used for
deciding UTC.

1.2.3 Power supply


The AIS system including all sensors is back-upped by alternate power supply.

1.2.4 Location of display unit


The display unit is mounted at the place where the ship is normally controlled. The
FA-100 is mounted on the chart table near the radar and ECDIS generally.

1.2.5 Radar/ECDIS Connection


Connect the radar, ECDIS or PC, if necessary. The input/output interface is
IEC-61162-2.

1.2.6 Pilot Jack


The AIS provides a pilot port used by the pilot for the connection of his/her PC. It is
recommended that this port is extended to the place where the pilot stands normally.
The recommended jack is Std. Sex 206486-1/2 (shell size 11, 9 pins: see page1-8) or
equivalent. The pin assignment is;
TX A: #1
TX B: #4

RX A: #5
RX B: #6

Shield: #9

1.2.7 Sensor Connection


Table 1.2.1 shows the sentences required by IEC-61993-2.
Table 1.2.1 Requested sentence
Sentence

Request

Base information
Position
SOG (Speed Over Ground)
COG (Course Over Ground)
Head direction
RAIM (Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring)
ROT (Rate of Turn)

DTM
GNS, GLL
VBW
RMC
HDT
GBS
ROT

Option
GGA, RMC
VTG, OSD, RMC
VTG, OSD
OSD

The sensor signal accepted by the AIS is IEC 61162-1 or 2. If the IEC 61162 signal is
not available, alternative signal is fed to the AIS.

1-6

1.2 Installation

GNSS data (Position, SOG and COG):


The GNSS should output WGS 84 position data including DTM sentence.
Head data:
The heading data from the gyrocompass is fed to the AIS in IEC 61162 format. If the
IEC 61162 signal is not available, AD-10 format is fed to the AIS.
ROT:
Rot signal compliance with IMO A. 526 is connected to IEC 61162 interface of the AIS.

1-7

1.2 Installation

1-8

Chapter 2. Location of Parts


2.1 Display Unit

Fig.2.1.1 Display unit, front view

GPS antenna terminal (50ohm)

LOG CONTACT(AUX-1) (J5)


(H8S Program update RS-232C)

Power breaker
(BK1-2A)

VHF antenna
terminal (50ohm)
EXT GPS(AUX-2) (J6)
(MAIN Program
update RS-422)

Power Connector
(12-24Vdc)

AD-10 (J4)
LAN (J3)
(IEC-61162-4)

Grounding terminal

To JANCTION BOX (J1)

EXTRA-I/O (J2)
(Output only IEC-61162-1)

Fig. 2.1.2 Display unit, rear view

2-1

2.1 Display Unit

DCN

Built-in GPS
(GN-79N5A-N)
Power unit

Fig. 2.1.3 Display unit, upper side view

Built-in GPS
(GN-79N5A-N)

Fig. 2.1.4 Display unit, upper side view, enlarged

2-2

2.1 Display Unit

CPU status LEDs


blinking normally

MPB (24P0015)

Fig. 2.1.5 Display unit, right side view

Wiring diagram of coax. cable

MPB (24P0015)

PA TEST SW
(Sliding to left
for transmission.)

Fig. 2.1.6 Display unit with cover removed

2-3

2.1 Display Unit

PWX (24P0016)

TX PA (24P0014)
MPB (24P0015)

DSC RX (24P0013)

PA TEST SW
(Sliding to left for
transmission)

TDMA RX2 (24P0010B)

TX EXCTR (24P0012)

TDMA RX1 (24P0010A)

Right: R6 (MOD ADJ.)


Left: R11 (FRQ ADJ.)

Fig. 2.1.7 Display unit with shield cover removed

2-4

2.2 P.C. Board in Display Unit

2.2 P.C. Board in Display Unit


M57710-A (PA)

TEST SW
J2 (RX RF)
J3 (T/R RF)

Power ADJ. (R44)

VSWR detecting voltage ADJ. (R63)

Fig. 2.2.1 TX PA Board (24P0014)

12.8MHz ADJ. (R222)

FRQ ADJ. (R11)


MOD ADJ. (R6)

J301 (EXC-OUT)

1.65V ADJ. (R8)

Fig. 2.2.2 TX EXCT Board (24P0012)

2-5

2.2 P.C. Board in Display Unit

44.545 (44.645) MHz ADJ. (C58)

J1 (RF IN)

RSSI (RXDET) level ADJ. (R48)

Fig. 2.2.3 TDMA-RX1 Board (24P0010A), and RX2 Board (24P0010B)

DSC signal detecting level ADJ. (R51)


2nd local (20.945 MHz) ADJ. (C67)

J203 (R1)
J202 (R2)
J201 (PA)

1st local (135.125 MHz) ADJ. (C40)

Fig. 2.2.4 DSC RX Board (24P0013)

2-6

2.2 P.C. Board in Display Unit

Lithium battery
CR2/3 8LF1ST1SN
(Code:00014554300)

CPU Status LEDs


CR4 (MAIN CPU)
CR5 (SUB CPU)
CR7 (H8S3 CPU)
CR8 (H8S2 CPU)
CR9 (H8S1 CPU)

U20 (H8S1)

U22 (H8S3)

U21 (H8S2)

U11 (SUB CPU)

U1 (MAIN CPU)

Fig. 2.2.5 MPB Board (24P0015)


Remove the jumper before changing the
battery. (JP-5)

Fig. 2.2.6 MPB Board (24P0015), Back side

2-7

2.2 P.C. Board in Display Unit

5V ADJ. (R38)

Main inverter oscillation frequency ADJ. (R25) Sub inverter oscillation frequency ADJ. (R35)
(TP-41: 45 kHz+2.25 kHz)
(TP-3 (4): 45 kHz+2.25 kHz)

Fig. 2.2.7 PWX Board (24P0016)

Breaker

Fig. 2.2.8 DCN Board (24P0020) Power filter

2-8

2.2 P.C. Board in Display Unit

LKY2 Board (24P0026)

Fig. 2.2.9 Front panel, rear view

LCD

Fig. 2.2.10 LKY2 Board (24P0026), front view

2-9

2.2 P.C. Board in Display Unit

Fig. 2.2.11 OCN2 Board (24P0025)

Isolation circuit

(covered with shield cover)

MOT 2(24P0024-44) is used with CB-100 for IEC1162. External units are the sensor
signal line are isolated.

Fig. 2.2.12 MOT 2 Board (24P0024-44)

2-10

2.3 Combined Antenna Unit

2.3 Combined Antenna Unit

GPS ANT
(GSC-001)
VHF ANT
(150M-W2VN or
FAB-151D)

VHF ANT fixing x4

40~50

Fig. 2.3.1 Antenna unit, GVA-100

2-11

2.3 Combined Antenna Unit

Fig. 2.3.2

24P0029

Fig. 2.3.3 Distributor Board (24P0029)

2-12

2.4 Distributor (DB-1)

2.4 Distributor (DB-1)

24P0029

Fig. 2.4.1 Distributor, DB-1

2.5a Junction Box (CB-100: 41p type)


Cable cramp

3.3m with D-sub 37P connector

Fig. 2.5.1 Junction Box, CB-100 (41p type)

2-13

2.5b Junction Box (CB-100: 48p type)

2.5b Junction Box (CB-100: 48p type)


CB-100 is used in combination with FA-100, which the I/O signal line are
isolated by MOT 2(24P0024-44) board.

3.3m with D-sub 37P connector

Jumper plugs

Fig. 2.5.2 Junction Box, CB-100(48p type)

2-14

Cable cramp

2.6 Power Supply Unit (PR-240)

2.6 Power Supply Unit (PR-240)

CB-1 (DC OUT)


In DC output line
12A breaker

CB-2 (AC IN) in


AC input line 5A
breaker
Backup ON/OFF (K2)
AC power fail detection (K1)

Fuse
(250 V HT6.3 A)

Change connection to
alternate power supply,
115 V or 230V.*

24 V adjustment (VR1)

Change jumper connection to alternate


power supply, 115 V or 230V.*

*Alternation of power supply: See page 4-30.


Fig. 2.6.1 Power Supply Unit, PR-240

2-15

Chapter 3. Menu List


3.1 Menu List
The table below shows the menu list.
Table 3.1.1(a) Menu list
Menu

Layer 1

1. TARGET
DATA

List
(NAME/RNG/
BRG)

2. PLOTTER

NAME/SOG/
COG/RNG/
INTRD

Layer 2

Layer 3

Layer 4

MMSI/NAME/CS/
IMO No./
CPA/TCPA/Pos.
COG/SOG/RNG/BRG/
ANT Pos. TYPE/
NAVSTATUS

Remarks
Max.2048 memory
Note) The target is selected from
the closest one to the own ship.
The target is in lost status if no
data from the target is received for
100 seconds. The target is deleted
from the list if no data is received
for more than 100 seconds after
the target is in lost status. The
data in the list is erased when the
power is off.

1. OWN
STATIC DATA

NAME/CS/MMSI/IMO/
DEST. (ETA)/DTE/
DRAUGHT/NAVSTATUS/CPA/TCPA/
CLASS/TYPE/CREW/
GPS ANT Pos.

Displaying MENU-5
(Except for MMSI, IMO Number)

2. OWN
DYNAMIC
DATA

DATE/TIME/Pos./
SOG/COG ROT/HDG

Displaying available GPS

3. ALARM
STATUS

Date & UTC


and alarm being
activated

3. OWN DATA

4. SENSOR
STATUS
5. INTERNAL
GPS

Pos./SOG/COG/UTC/
MODE/STS
ADDRESS TYPE
MMSI
MSG TYPE
1. SET MSG TYPE

1. CREATE
MSG

CHANNEL#

ADDRESS - CAST
BROAD - CAST
9 digits
NORMAL
SAFETY
A OR B
CH-A
CH-B
BOTH

4. SET MSG
2. SET MSG

Max. 150
characters

3. SEND MSG
2. XMIT
MSG(S)

SEND MSG

3. RCVD
MSG(S)

RECV MSG

Max. 5 files
DATE/UTC/
MMSI
Max. 5 files
DATE/UTC/
MMSI

Alarms:
TX, ANT, CH1, CH2, CH70, MKD,
EPFS, L/L, SOG, COG, HDG
and/or ROT
Displaying the sensor in use
Ex) EXTRL GNSS or INTRL GNSS
The status of internal GPS
MODE-A: GPS
MODE-D: DGPS
MODE-N (--): NG
Using 6 bit ASCII code
Normal: MSG. 6, 8
Safety: MSG. 12, 14
ADD: MSG. 6, 12
Broad: MSG. 8, 14
Specifying the transmission
channel
A OR B: Channel used in the
latest reception
BOTH: Both CH-A and CH-B
Creating message
(MSG. 6, 8, 12, 14)
Starting transmission of MSG
Displaying transmitted MSG
(MSG. 6, 8, 12, 14)
Displaying received MSG
(MSG. 6, 8, 12, 14)

(Contd)

3-1

3.1 Menu List

Table 3.1.1(b) Menu List


Menu

Layer 1

1. SET SHIP
DATA

Layer 2
NAME
C.SIGN
DRAUGHT
DTE

2. SET
DESTINATION
3. SET NAV
STATUS
5. INT
SETTING

DATE
TIME
DESTINATION
NAV STATUS
CREW

4. SET
TYPE&CREW

TYPE

CLASS

TYPE NO.
5. SET
CPA/TCPA

6. SET
ANNTENA
POS

CPA
TCPA
ACTV

Layer 3

Layer 4

Remarks
Max. 20 characters
Max. 7 characters
0 to 25.5 m

(xx.x) m
DEFAULT
KEY&DISP
(DD/MM)
(UTC)

Selected KEY & DISP

Max. 20 characters
Under way
using engine,
at anchor, etc.
(xxxx)
A
B
CARGO SHIP,
etc.
(xx.x) NM
(xx) min
DSBL
ENBL

1.INTERNAL ANT POS

Navigation Status (00 to 15)


See Table 3.2.1.
Number of crew (0 to 8191)
IMO AIS
Non-IMO AIS
Type of ship (0 to 255)
See Table 3.3.1
0 to 6 NM, used only on FA-100.
0 to 60 min, used only on FA-100.

C
D

2.EXTERNAL ANT POS

A: 0 511 m
B: 0 511 m
C: 0 63 m
D: 0 63 m

(Contd)

3-2

3.1 Menu List

Table 3.1.1(c) Menu List


Menu

Layer 1

Layer 2

Layer 3
PC I/O
SNSR1
SNSR2

1. I/O
SPEED

SNSR3
LR
(Long Range port)

BCON
EXTRA1
XTRA I/O
2. I/O
FUNCTION
6. SYSTEM
SETTINGS

PORT LR
1. L/L COG SOG

1. SET I/O
PORT

2. HDG

(continued)

3. ROT

Layer 4
38.4kbps
4800bps
38.4k
4800
38.4k
4800
38.4k
4800
38.4k
4800
38.4k
4800
38.4k
4800
38.4k
4800
EXTDISP
LR
SN1, SN2, SN3
EX1, LR, PC, LAN
SN1, SN2, SN3
EX1, LR, PC, LAN
SN1, SN2, SN3
EX1, LR, PC, LAN

RESPONSE

3. I/O
PRIORITY

Remarks

RS-422
IEC61162-1 (4800bps)
IEC61162-2 (38.4kbps)

Output of GR-80: 4800bps,


RS-422.

Selecting output port for ACK


(ABK) to MSG. 8, 12, 14, 15.
Options: PC, LAN, NONE, EX1
and LR.

EX1

4. AIS

LR
PC

Setting AIS Communication


Options: ENBL and DSBL

LAN
4. SET LAN
(IP ADRS)

IP ADDRESS
SUB NET MASK
PORT NO

xxx-xxx-xxx-xxx
xxx-xxx-xxx-xxx
xxxx

(Contd)

3-3

3.1 Menu List

Table 3.1.1(d) Menu List


Menu

Layer 1

Layer 2
1. VIEW
CHANNEL

Layer 3
POWER

2 W/12.5 W
CH-A: xxxx
CH-B: xxxx

CH NO.

2. CHANNEL
EDIT

6. SYSTEM
SETTINGS

3. SET LR
MODE

LR MODE

AD-10
4. SET
OTHER I/O
ROT
ALARM
5. SET
BUZZER

CPA/TCPA
MSG ALM

Remarks
Displaying the channel
information

input date from;


DSC, AIS MSG22, ECDIS,
Manual
Controlled MMSI of DSC and
X9
MMSI: x-x
AIS stations
displays
EMPTY means no data.
FROM
MSG: AIS control
DSC: DSC control
TYPE: xxxxx
PI: ECDIS control
MANUAL: Manual control
After selecting the display to be edited, the following items are set.
2W
POWER
12.5 W
CH-A: xxxx
CH NO.
CH-B: xxxx
CH-A
A maximum of 8 pre-edited
MODE
displays can be memorized.
CH-B
These displays are selected
X NM
ZONE
automatically when CH SET
(X: 1 to 8 NM)
([MENU][7][7][4]) is set to
RIGHT-TOP
AUTO.
(LAT/LON)
CH AREA
LEFT-BOTTOM
(LAT/LON)
AUTO
Automatic LR response
MANUAL
Manual LR response
DSBL
ENBL
(xx)sec
1 to 10 sec
ON
OFF
ON
Switching on/off buzzer on
display unit
OFF
ON
OFF
TIME

2. SET
CHANNEL

Layer 4

DD/MM UTC

(Contd)

3-4

3.1 Menu List

Table 3.1.1(e) Menu tree


Menu

Layer 1

Layer 2

1. PROGRAM
NO.

MAIN, SUB, H8S1,


H8S2, H8S3

2. MEMORY
TEST

MAIN, SUB, H8S1,


H8S2, H8S3
Except for [POWER]
SW
ON/OFF repeating

3. KEY TEST
4. LCD TEST
5. ON/OFF
HISTORY

6. GPS TEST

Layer 3

Layer 4

Remarks
MAIN: 245-0001-00x-0x
SUB : 245-0002-00x-0x
H8S1: 245-0003-001-0x
H8S2: 245-0004-001-0x
H8S3: 245-0005-001-0x
ROM/RAM check
(OK or NG)
Press [MENU] three times and
then ESC.
Press [MENU] and then ESC.
Records of Power ON/OFF
Max. 30 data

PROGRAM No.
PROGRAM Ver
SELF TEST1
SELF TEST2
and
**ERROR
CONTENTS**
1. PN
PATTERN TX

7. DIAGNOSTICS

2. TYPE1 TX

(continued)
3. TYPE2 TX
1. TX/RX TEST

4. DSC1 TX
5. DSC2 TX

7. FOR
SERVICE

6. DSC3 TX
** PASSWORD
required to
access this
menu.

7. TXF TEST

2. SIO TEST

PC I/O
SNSR1
SNSR2
SNSR3
LR
BCON
EXTRA1
XTRAI/O
EX GPS
(AUX-2)

START
STOP
START
STOP
START
STOP
START
STOP
START
STOP
START
STOP
START
STOP

Modulation of random signal


(AIS)
Modulation of BY signal (AIS)
Modulation of YYBB signal (AIS)
Modulation of B signal (DSC)
Modulation of Y signal (DSC)
Modulation of BY signal (DSC)
No modulation

OK or NG

(Contd)

3-5

3.1 Menu List

Table 3.1.1(f) Menu List


Menu

Layer 1

Layer 2

Layer 3
TX/ANT/CH1/CH2/
CH70/GNRL/MKD/
EPFS /SOG/COG/
HDG/ROT/ L/L

3. ALARM
HISTORY
8. FOR
SERVICE
7. DIAGNOSTICS

**
PASSWORD
required to
access this
menu.

POWER
CH-NO.

4. SET
CH&PWR

MODE
CH SET

Layer 4

ALARM which is occurred before


power off is displayed after power
on again.
0W
2W
12.5 W
CH-A
CH-B
CH-A
CH-B
AUTO
MANUAL

H8S1 RESET
H8S2 RESET
H8S3 RESET

5. H8S RESET

Remarks

xxxx
xxxx
Combination CH-A with CH-B
Options: TX/RX, RX and UNUSE

Reset when program updating of


SUB CPU1, 2 and 3.

3.2 Navigational Status


The Navigational Status to be entered in the NAV STATUS menu (MENU/5/3) is
selected from table 3.2.1.
Table 3.2.1 Navigational Status
No.
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15

Navigational status
Under way using engine (DEFAULT)
At anchor
Not under command
Restricted maneuverability
Constrained by draught
Moored
Aground
Engaged in Fishing
Under way sailing
Reserved for high speed craft (HSC)
Reserved for wing in ground (WIG)
Reserved for future use
Reserved for future use
Reserved for future use
Reserved for future use
Reserved for future use

3-6

3.3 Type of ship and cargo type

3.3 Type of ship and cargo type


The type of ship and cargo type are defined as below. These numbers are used in menu
setting in MENU/5/4.
Table 3.3.1 Type of ship
Identifiers to be used by ships to report their type
Special craft
Pilot vessel
Search and rescue vessels
Tugs
Port tenders
Vessels with anti-pollution facilities or equipment
Law enforcement vessels
Spare for assignments to local vessels
Spare for assignments to local vessels
Medical transports
(as defined in the 1949 Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocols)
59
Ships according to Resolution No.18 (Mob-83)
Other ships
First digit*
Second digit*
First digit*
Second digit*
1 reserved for
0 All ships of this
0 Fishing
future use
type
2 Wig
1 Carrying DG, HS, 1 Towing
or MP IMO hazard or
pollutant category A
3 see right column 2- Carrying DG, HS, 3 - Vessel
2 Towing and length of the
or MP IMO hazard or
tow exceeds 200 m or
pollutant category B
breadth exceed 25 m.
4 HSC
3 Carrying DG, HS, 3 Engaged in dredging or
or MP IMO hazard or
underwater operations
pollutant category C
5 see above
4 Carrying DG, HS, 4 Engaged in diving
or MP IMO hazard or
operations
pollutant category D
5 reserved for
5 Engaged in military
future use
operations
6 Passenger ships 6 reserved for
6 Sailing
future use
7 Cargo ships
7 reserved for
7 Pleasure Craft
future use
8 Tanker(s)
8 reserved for
8 reserved for future use
future use
9 Other types of
9 No additional
9 reserved for future use
ship
information
DG: Dangerous Goods. HS: Harmful Substances MP: Marine Pollutants
Identifier No.
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

*: The identifier should be constructed by selecting the appropriate first and second digits.
**0: default 1 - 9: Undefined 100 - 199: Area (reserved for future use for local area)
200 - 255: Future use

3-7

Chapter 4. Set up
4.1 MMSI and IMO number Setting
Do not forget to enter MMSI, otherwise, the message cannot be transmitted.

To enter MMSI and IMO number;


1. Turning on the unit while holding [x]. (holing [x] key, until password screen
displayed.)
2. Enter password ([x][x][x][x][x][x]) and then press [ENT].
[ENTER PASSWORD]
PASSWORD:

When entering an
incorrect password

[ERROR]
PASSWORD IS
INCORRECT !
ESC : [ENT]

Fig. 4.1.1 [ENTER PASSWORD] display


3. Set MMSI and IMO number in [SET ID] window.
[SET ID]
MMSI : 000000000
IMO# : 000000000

Fig. 4.1.2 SET ID menu


MMSI
Enter 9 digit MMSI number. 000000000 means MMSI is not entered yet.
IMO#
Enter own ships IMO number 9 digit long. For example, if the number is 7 digits,
enter leading zeros or 00xxxxxxx. If the IMO number is not assigned, leave the setting
as factory-default, 000000000.

4. To register the setting, press [ENT].

4-1

4.2 Initial Setting (INIT SETTING)

4.2 Initial Setting (INIT SETTING)


Press [MENU][5] to show INT SETTING menu, which includes following items.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

SET SHIP DATA


SET DESTINATION
SET NAV STATUS
SET TYPE&CREW
SET CPA/TCPA
SET ANNTENA POS

: Setting of ship name, call sign and draught


: Setting of destination, arrival date and time
: Setting of navigation status
: Setting of number of crew, AIS class and type of ship
: Setting of CPA/TCPA
: Setting of position of internal and external GPS antenna

To finish initial setting, press [MENU]. The setting completed after selecting YES in
SAVE? window. To continue initial setting, select CANCEL.
SAVE ?
YES
NO
CANCEL

Fig. 4.2.1 SAVE? window


Table 4.2.1 List of INIT SETTING menu

Main menu

Sub menu -1

1. SET SHIP
DATA

Sub menu -2
NAME
C. SIGN
DRAUGHT
DTE

2. SET
DESTINATION

DATE
TIME
DESTINATION

3. SET NAV
STATUS

NAV STATUS
CREW

5. INIT
SETTINGS

TYPE

CLASS

4. SET
TYPE&CREW
TYPE NO.

5. SET
CPA/TCPA
6. SET
ANNTENA
POS

CPA
TCPA
ACTV

Setting
Max. 20 characters
Max. 7 characters
(xx.x) m 00.0 m
DEFAULT
KEY&DISP
(DD/MM)
(UTC)
Max. 20 characters
Input the ships
status. See page
3-6 for the list.
(xxxx)
A
B

Remarks

Selected KEY & DISP

Default: 00: UNDER WAY


USING ENGINE (DEFAULT)
Input the number of crew.
Should be Class A.

See page 3-7 for


the list.

Set the type of ship.


Default is 0 (blank)
meaning the system is
unavailable.
Ask the captain the type of
ship for correct data.

(xx.x) NM 6.0 NM
(xx) min 60 min
DSBL
ENBL

Set if necessary.

1. INTERNAL
ANT POS

2. EXTERNAL
ANT POS

4-2

D
B

Input the position of internal


and external GPS antenna.
Do not forget.

4.2 Initial Setting (INIT SETTING)

4.2.1 SET SHIP DATA


Fig. 4.2.2 shows SET SHIP DATA menu.
[SET SHIP DATA]
*NAME:
C.SIGN:
DRAUGHT: 00.0m
DTE: KEY & DISP

+/-

ABC

Fig. 4.2.2 SET SHIP DATA menu


NAME
Register ship name. The name consists of up to 20 characters. Pressing [SFT] switches
between the letter and number modes for key input. In the example of Fig 4.2.2, ABC
lower left corner of the menu indicates a letter can be input through the key. To enter a
number, press [SFT].
C.SIGN
Register call sign. Up to 7 characters can be input. Use [SFT] to change the key mode to
either letter or number.
DRAUGHT (Default: 00.0 m)
Enter the draught at the range from 0 m to 25.5 m.
DTE (Default: KEY & DISP)
Set the availability of DTE (Data Terminal Equipment).
KEY&DISP: Selected KEY & DISP

4-3

4.2 Initial Setting (INIT SETTING)

4.2.2 SET DESTINATION


Fig. 4.2.3 shows SET DESTINATION menu.
[SET DESTINATION]
* DATE : 00/00
TIME : 00:00
DESTINATION:

ABC

Fig 4.2.3 SET DESTINATION menu


DATE and TIME
Enter the arrival date (day/month) and the arrival time (hour/minute) to the destination.
DESTINATION
Enter the destination, up to 20 character long.

4.2.3 SET NAV STATUS


Fig. 4.2.4 shows SET OWN SHIP DATA menu.
[SET OWN SHIP DATA]
* NAV STATUS:00 <>
*****STATUS NAME*******
UNDER WAY USING
ENGINE(DEFAULT)

Fig 4.2.4 SET OWN SHIP DATA menu

NAV STATUS (Default: 00)


Enter the navigation status such as AT ANCHOR, MOORED, etc. The default is
Under way using engine (00). Use arrow keys to select items. Selectable navigation
status is listed on page 3-6. The reporting interval depends on the setting on this menu.

4-4

4.2 Initial Setting (INIT SETTING)

4.2.4 SET TYPE & CREW


Fig. 4.2.5 shows SET TYPE&CREW menu.

[SET TYPE&CREW]
* CREW
: 0000
TYPE CLASS : A +/TYPE NO.
: 0 <>
*******TYPE NAME*******
DEFAULT

Fig 4.2.5 SET TYPE&CREW menu


CREW (Default: 0000)
Enter the number of crew (0 to 8191).
TYPE CLASS (Default: CLASS A)
Always select A.
1) Class A: The AIS complies fully with SOLAS requirement.
(MSG. 18 and MSG. 19 are not transmitted.)
2) Class B: The AIS is used by non-SOLAS ships.
(The position and static information are sent by using MSG. 18 and MSG. 19.)
TYPE NO. (Default: 0= DEFAULT)
Enter the type of ship such as CARGO, TANKER, etc. Use arrow keys to select the
ships type. The selectable type is listed on page 3-7.
For example, enter 70 (7: cargo ship and 0: all ships of this type) when the ship is a
cargo ship and she does not carry the dangerous goods or marine pollutants.
The setting should be made after the confirmation of ships type with the captain.

4.2.5 SET CPA/TCPA


Fig 4.2.6 shows SET CPA/TCPA menu.
This alarm setting is used only by FA-100.
[SETCPA/TCPA]
* CPA
: 6.00 nm
TCPA : 60 min
ACTV : DSBL

Fig 4.2.6 SET CPA/TCPA menu

4-5

4.2 Initial Setting (INIT SETTING)

CPA (Default: 6.00 nm)


Enter CPA (Closest Point of Approach). (0 to 6.00 nm)
TCPA (Default: 60 min)
Enter TCPA (Time to Closest Point of Approach). (0 to 60 min)
ACTV (Default: DSBL)
The ACTV (Active) disables or enables CPA and TCPA settings. When ENBL (enable)
is selected, the WNG: COLLISION window appears with a beep sound when a target
violates CPA/TCPA. The target violating CPA/TCPA is listed in Dangerous Ship menu.
The alarm sound can be turned on or off through SET BUZZER ([MENU][6][5]).

4.2.6 SET ANTENNA POS


Fig 4.2.7 shows SET ANTENNA POS menu. A common mistake is to forget this
menu setting. *** The ships length and width are calculated ANT pos. data. ***

[SET ANTENNA POS]


* 1 INTERNAL ANT POS
2 EXTERNAL ANT POS

Fig. 4.2.7 SET ANTENNA POS menu

1. INTERNAL ANT POS


Enter the position of the internal GPS antenna.
[INTERNAL ANT POS]

A: 0 to 511 m
A: 000m
B: 000m
C: 00m
D: 00m

B: 0 to 511 m
C: 0 to 63 m
D: 0 to 63 m

Fig. 4.2.8

4-6

4.2 Initial Setting (INIT SETTING)

2. EXTERNAL ANT POS


Enter the position of the external GPS antenna which is connected to SNSR port.
[EXTERNAL ANT POS]

A: 0 to 511 m

A: 000m
B: 000m
C: 00m
D: 00m

B: 0 to 511 m
C: 0 to 63 m
D: 0 to 63 m

Fig. 4.2.9

4-7

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING


Select [6] (SYSTEM SETTINGS). The following menu appears.
1) SET I/O PORT
2) SET CHANNEL
3) SET LR MODE
4) SET OTHER I/O
5) SET BUZZER

: Sets the serial port communication rate, priority,


LR port performance and LAN IP address.
: Sets channel.
: Sets LR replay mode.
: Sets other interface.
: Sets alarm ON/OFF.

To finish system setting, press [MENU]. The setting completed after selecting YES in
SAVE? window.

SAVE ?
YES
NO
CANCEL

Fig. 4.3.1 SAVE ? window


Before describing each setting, following pages summarize ports and I/O sentences.

4-8

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

Fig. 4.3.2 shows ports on the FA-100.

Note)
TB-1 terminal number in CB-100;
- CB-100 41p type: regular
- CB-100 48p type: bold italic

Fig. 4.3.2 FA-100 construction


NOTE)
1) Software and hardware changes must be made on FURUNO radar and ECDIS to
connect them with the AIS.
2) SNSR-1, 2 and 3 ports are identical.
3) The connection of external (D)GNSS is mandatory.
4) If the IEC 61162 data in not available, AD-10 format heading data is connected
instead of IEC 61162 data.
5) Connect TI-ROT (Rate of turn) signal if available.
6) Set IP address when connecting the AIS to a LAN.

4-9

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

Table 4.3.1 shows the input/output sentences. J1 is D-Sub37 (female) and J2 to J6 are
D-Sub9 (female) connectors. Long Rage port is set to LR or EXT DISP through
I/O FUNCTION ([MENU] [6][1][2]). When EXT DISP is selected, the same
sentence as EXTRA-1 is output.
Table 4.3.1 Input/Output sentence list
J

SNSR-1
SNSR-2

Connecting
device
ROT/LOG
GYRO

SNSR-3

GPS

Port

Beacon
RCVR for
GPS

Long
Range
J1

EXTRA -1

J2

GR

Standard
IEC 61162-1
(RS-422, 4800 bps)
or IEC 61162-2
(RS-422, 38.4 kbps)
RS-232C or 422
(300, 600, 1200,
2400, 4800, 9600,
14400, 19200 bps)

INMARSAT
Setting: LR
IEC 61162-1 or 2
RADER/ECDIS
Setting:
EXT DISP
RADER/ECDIS

DTM, GBS, GGA, GLL,


GNS, HDT, OSD, RMC,
ROT, VBW, VTG

RTCM-SC-104

ABM, ACA, ACK, AIR,


BBM, SSD, VSD,

IEC 61162-1 or 2

PC

IEC 61162-1 or 2

External
Alarm

Alarm system

Relay contact,
Normal closed

EX1PPS

NOT USED

1 sec/pulse
IEC 61162-1 or 2

DTM, GBS, GGA, GLL,


GNS, HDT, OSD, RMC,
ROT, VBW, VTG

DTM, GBS, GGA, GLL,


GNS, HDT, OSD, RMC,
ROT, VBW, VTG, ABM,
ACA, ACK, AIR, BBM,
LRF, LRI, SSD, VSD

Remarks

SNSR-1, 2 and 3 are


identical.

Pos. Priority is;


1. External DGPS
2. Internal DGPS
3. External GPS
4. Internal GPS

AILRF, AILR1,
IEC 61162-2
AILR2, AILR3

LRF, LRI,

EXT.DISP
(PC)

XTRA I/O

Output
sentence

Input sentence

IEC 61162-2
AIABK, AIACA,
AIALR, AILRF,
AITXT, AIVDM,
AIVDO, AILR1,
AILR2, AILR3

AIABK, AIACA,
AIALR, AILRF,
AITXT, AIVDM,
AIVDO, AILR1,
AILR2, AILR3

IEC 61162-2
RS-422 or 232C
Sub MPU Program
update port
(RS-232C)

Synchronized to
UTC
Output only

J3

LAN

LAN

IEC 61162-4
(10Base-T)

J4

AD-10

AD-100

FURUNO AD
Format

J5

LOG IN
(AUX-1)

(PC)

RS-232C
H8S1, 2, 3 Program
update port

J6

EXT GPS
(AUX-2)

Not used
(PC)

RS-422
Main MPU Program
update port

4-10

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

Table 4.3.2 summarizes the SYSTEM SETTING menu.


Table 4.3.2(a) List of INIT SETTING menu
Main menu

Sub menu
-1

Sub menu
-2

Sub menu
-3

Setting

Remarks
RS-422 and
RS-232C ports
selectable

38.4 kbps
PC I/O
SNSR1
SNSR2
1. I/O
SPEED

SNSR3
LR
BEACON
EXTRA 1
XTRA I/O

6. SYSTEM
1. SET I/O
SETTINGS
PORT
(continue)

2. I/O
PORT LR
FUNCTION
1. L/L COG
SOG
2. HDG
3. ROT

4800bps
38.4 k
4800
38.4 k
4800
38.4 k
4800
38.4 k
4800
38.4 k
4800
38.4 k
4800
38.4 k
4800
EXTDISP
LR

3. I/O
PRIORITY
EX1
LR
PC
LAN

4. SET LAN
(IP ADRS)

IP
ADDRESS
SUB NET
MASK
PORT NO

Long Range port


GR-80: 4800 bps,
RS-422

Output data
opnly.

(1) SN1, (2) SN2, (3) Giving the priority to


each port.
SN3, (4) EX1, (5) LR,
(6) PC, (7) LAN
( ) : Default

RESPONSE

4. AIS

Sensor ports (Pos,


SOG/ COG, GYRO,
ROT)

PC
LAN
NONE
EX1
LR
ENBL
DSBL
ENBL
DSBL
ENBL
DSBL
ENBL
DSBL

Port selection to
output received ACK
(ADK) after
transmitting MSG. 6,
12, 8, 14, 15.

Enables or disables
each port.

000-000-000-000
000-000-000-000
1000

(contd)

* Factory-default is screened.

4-11

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

Table 4.3.2(b) List of INIT SETTING menu


Main menu

Sub menu
-1

Sub menu
-2
1. VIEW
CHANNEL

Sub menu -3
POWER
CHANNEL NO.

Setting
2 W /12.5 W
CH-A: xxxx
CH-B: xxxx

2.
CHANNEL
EDIT

6. SYSTEM
SETTINGS

3. SET LR
MODE

LR MODE

AD-10
4. SET
OTHER I/O

5. SET
BUZZER

ROT
ALARM
CPA/TCPA
MSG ALM

Indication only

The date when settings


are changed by DSC,
TIME
AIS-MSG22, ECDIS (PC)
or MANUAL.
MMSI of DSC or AIS
station which sent
channel management
x9
MMSI: x-x
message.
displays
EMPTY means no data
FROM
available.
MSG: AIS control
DSC: DSC control
TYPE: xxxxx PI: ECDIS control
MANUAL: Manual
control
Select the display to be edited. The display with DEFAULT on
MMSI line is prohibited from editing. The following items are
changed.
2W
POWER
12.5 W
CH-A: xxxx
CH NO.
CH-B: xxxx
CH-A
MODE
CH-B
X NM
ZONE
(X: 1-8 NM)
RIGHT-TOP
CH
(LAT/LOG)
AREA
LEFT-BOTTOM
(LAT/LOG)
Automatic LR
AUTO
response
Manual LR
MANUAL
response
DSBL
ENBL
ROT is calculated based
on the change of AD-10
1 sec
data for the preset time.
(1 to 10 sec)
ON
Switching on/off buzzer.
ON
ON
DD/MM
UTC

2. SET
CHANNEL

Remarks

* Factory-default is screened.

4-12

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

4.3.1 SET I/O PORT


[SET I/O PORT] display includes the following menu.
1)
2)
3)
4)

I/O SPEED
I/O FUNCTION
I/O PRIORITY
SET LAN

: Sets communication speed of serial port


: Selects LR port function
: Sets serial port priority
: Sets LAN IP address

[SET I/O PORT]


1 I/O SPEED
2 I/O FUNCTION
3 I/O PRIORITY
4 SET LAN(IP ADDR)

Fig. 4.3.3 SET I/O PORT


1. I/O SPEED
Use [SFT] to toggle the baud rate between 34.8 kbps (IEC 61162-2) and 4800 bps (IEC
61162-1). Press [ENT] after the selection. To move the cursor, press [NEXT].
[I/O SPEED]
PC I/O : 38.4k
SNSR1 : 38.4k
SNSR2 : 38.4k
SNSR3 : 38.4k

!
+/+/+/+/-

Fig. 4.3.4 I/O SPEED


PC I/O (Default: 38.4 kbps)
PC I/O port sets the baud rate of EXT. DISP (PC) port, 38.4 kbps or 4800 bps. When a radar or
ECDIS is connected, select 38.4 kbps.

Fig. 4.3.5 PC I/O input


The PC I/O port supports RS-232C or RS-422 signal, providing different pins. A radar and
ECDIS are connected to RS-422 port.

4-13

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

Table 4.3.3 Input/output sentences of PC I/O port


Port
PC I/O
(EXTRA-1)
(EXT DISP)

Input sentence

Output sentence

ABM, ACA, ACK, AIR, BBM,


AIABK, AIACA, AIALR, AILRF,
DTM, GBS, GGA, GLL, GNS,
AITXT, AIVDM, AIVDO, AILR1,
HDT, LRF, LRI, OSD, RMC,
AILR2, AILR3
ROT, SSD, VBW, VSD, VTG

SNSR-1, 2 and 3 (Default: 4800 bps)


The sensor (SNSR) ports receive position data, SOG, COG, ROT and HDT. Three ports are
identical.

Fig. 4.3.6 SNSR input

The SNSR ports receive DTM, GBS, GGA, GLL, GNS, HDT, OSD, RMC, ROT, VBW and
VTG sentences. The OWN DYNAMIC DATA menu ([MENU][3][2]) shows the sentences
being received. Refer to 7.5 Confirming ships Own Dynamic data.

4-14

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

LR (Long Range, Default: 38.4 kbps)


The LR (Long Range) port is set to 38.4 kbps for the connection of Inmarsat C, radar or
ECDIS. This port is set to either LR for Inmarsat C connection or EXT DISP for radar and
ECDIS connection through I/O FUNCTION menu.

Fig. 4.3.7 LR input

Table 4.3.4 Change of LR input/output sentence


2 I/O FUNCTION

LR
EXT DISP
(EXTRA-1) (PC I/O)

Input sentence
Output sentence
ABM, ACA, ACK, AIR, BBM, AILRF, AILR1, AILR2, AILR3,
DTM, GBS, GGA, GLL,
GNS, HDT, LRF, LRI, OSD, AIABK, AIACA, AIALR, AILRF, AITXT,
RMC, ROT, SSD, VBW,
AIVDM, AIVDO, AILR1, AILR2, AILR3
VSD, VTG

When this port is used as LR port, AIS setting in I/O PRIORITY must be made.

4-15

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

BCON (Default: 4800bps)


This port is for the connection of DGPS Beacon receiver if available. The receivable data
format is RTCM SC104. When FURUNO GR-80 is connected, the communication speed is set
to 4800 bps.
The settings on the GR-80 are:
Format
Communication speed
Byte format
Regional setting

: RS-422 (Connecting to J3 on 08P3192)


: 4800 bps
: 8 to 6
: 1, 2 or 3 depending on ships position

Note)
Position data, SOG and COG are used in the following priority.
External DGNSS > Internal DGNSS (correction by MSG. 17) > Internal DGNSS (correction
by beacon signal) > External EPFS > Internal GNSS

INTERNAL GPS window ([MENU][3][4]) shows the status of the internal GPS.

[IINTERNAL GPS]
LAT: 34 44.4857 N
LON:135 21.2450 E
SOG: 0.1 kt
COG: 254.6 deg
UTC: 11/MAR/2002
9:25:11
MODE: A STS: 3D

Fig. 4.3.8 INTERNAL GPS


MODE
A: No correction
D: Correction made by beacon or MSG. 17
STS
2D
3D
D2D
D3D
NOFIX
DOP

: Two-dimensional measurement mode


: Three-dimensional measurement mode
: Two-dimensional measurement DGPS mode
: Three-dimensions measurement DGPS mode
: Position error
: DOP error

4-16

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

EXTRA-1 (Default: 38.4kbps)


This port is used to connect a radar or ECDIS. The communication speed is set to 38.4 kbps
for radar and ECDIS.
Table 4.3.5 EXTRA-1 input/output sentence
Port

Input sentence
Output sentence
ABM, ACA, ACK, AIR, BBM,
DTM, GBS, GGA, GLL,
EXTRA-1
AIABK, AIACA, AIALR, AILRF,AITXT,
GNS, HDT, LRF, LRI, OSD,
(PC I/O) (EXT DISP)
AIVDM, AIVDO, AILR1, AILR2, AILR3
RMC, ROT, SSD, VBW,
VSD, VTG

Fig. 4.3.9 EXTRA-1 I/O

XTRA-I/O (Default: 4800bps)


This is the output port to which a monitor is connected. The output sentence is same as
EXTR-1 in table 4.3.5.

Fig. 4.3.10 EXTRA-I/O output

4-17

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

2. I/O FUNCTION (Default: EXT DISP)


The function of LR port is selected through this menu. Select LR or EXT DISP and press
[ENT].
LR
EXT DISP

: To connect LR (Long Range) equipment such as Inmarsat C


: To connect radar or ECDIS

[I/O FUNCTION]
PORT LR: EXT DISP +/-

Fig. 4.3.11 I/O FUNCTION


The output sentences differ depending on the menu setting.
Table 4.3.6 Change of LR input/output sentence
2 I/O FUNCTION
LR
EXT DISP
(EXTRA-1) (PC I/O)

Input sentence
Output sentence
ABM, ACA, ACK, AIR, BBM, AILRF, AILR1, AILR2, AILR3,
DTM, GBS, GGA, GLL,
GNS, HDT, LRF, LRI, OSD, AIABK, AIACA, AIALR, AILRF, AITXT,
RMC, ROT, SSD, VBW,
AIVDM, AIVDO, AILR1, AILR2, AILR3
VSD, VTG

3. I/O PRIORTY
1 L/L COG SOG to 3 ROT ;
- Through this menu, the priority is given to the ports where the same data is
received.
4 AIS ;
- Settings of the communication with AIS display equipment.
[I/O PRIORTY]
1 L/L COG SOG
2 HDG
3 ROT
4 AIS

Fig. 4.3.12 I/O PRIORTY

4-18

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

1 L/L COG SOG


Generally, this setting is used in factory-default. When two GNSSs are connected, give the
priority through this menu.
1. Select the port by using [NEXT].
2. Enter the priority by using numeric key (1 to7).
3. Press [ENT].
Data related to L/L, COG and SOG is DTM, GGA, GLL, GNS, RMC and VTG.
[L/L COG SOG]
SN1 : 1
SN2 : 3
LR : 5
LAN : 7

SN2 : 2
EX1 : 4
PC : 6

DEFAULT: [CLR]

Fig. 4.3.13 L/L COG SOG priority (factory-default)

2 HDG
Generally, the heading data is connected to SNSR 1, 2 or 3, so it is not necessary to change this
menu. When two ports or more receive heading data, give the priority through this menu.
[HDG]
SN1 : 1
SN2 : 3
LR : 5
LAN : 7

SN2 : 2
EX1 : 4
PC : 6

DEFAULT: [CLR]

Fig. 4.3.14 HDG priority (factory-default)

4-19

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

Reference)
To connect AD-100, set AD-10 menu ([MENU][6][4]) to ENBL. AD-10 format gyro data
has the lowest priority; HDT > OSD > AD format data.

Fig. 4.3.15 HDT input


True heading data is derived from HDT sentence from the gyrocompass and true heading
device such as SC-60/120, and OSD from the radar.

3 ROT
This menu is used with factory-default settings. The priority is given to the TI-ROT (Rate of
Turn) data when it is received by more than two ports. Ships constructed on or after 1 July
2002 shall be fitted with ROT device (IMO A. 526 (13)).
[ROT]
SN1 : 1
SN2 : 3
LR : 5
LAN : 7

SN2 : 2
EX1 : 4
PC : 6

DEFAULT: [CLR]

Fig. 4.3.16 ROT Priority (Factory default)


When no ROT data is available, the system calculates ROT based on HTD, OSD, or AD data
and labels it Other ROT.
ROT is displayed in OWN DYNAMIC display ([MENU][3][2]).

4-20

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

4 AIS
When the following messages are sent from the PC, ECDIS, LR or LAN connected to AIS,
the system receives the response (ABK) from the called station.
- MSG. 6 (Binary Addressed Message)/MSG. 7 (Binary Acknowledgement)
- MSG. 12 (Addressed Safety Related Message)
/MSG. 13 (Safety Related Acknowledgement)
- MSG. 8 (Binary Broadcast Message)
- MSG. 14 (Safety Related Broadcast Message)
- MSG. 15 (Interrogation)
The AIS menu selects the output port of ABK signal being received. On the RESPONSE
line in this menu, selectable are;
- NONE
- EX1
- LR
- LAN
- PC

: Not outputting received ABK


: Outputting from EXTRA1 port
: Outputting from LR port
: Outputting from LAN port
: Outputting from PC I/O port (default)

[AIS]
RESPONSE : PC
--------------------------EX1 : ENBL
LR
: ENBL
PC
: ENBL
LAN : ENBL
DEFAULT: [CLR]

Fig. 4.3.17 AIS


EX1, LR, PC, LAN
Each port is individually turned on/off through this menu.
- EX1: EXTRA1 port
- LR: LR port
- PC: PC I/O port
- LAN: LAN port

ENBL / DSBL
ENBL / DSBL
ENBL / DSBL
ENBL / DSBL

4-21

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

4. SET LAN (IP ADDR)


When FA-100 is connected to a LAN via LAN port, IP address for the PC in the network is set
through this menu. The application software is installed on the PC. The input/output sentences
to/from LAN port are the same as EXTRA-1 or PCI/O.

[SET LAN (IP ADDR)]


IP ADDRESS:
000-000-000-000
SUB NET MASK:
000-000-000-000
PORT NO
1000

** The UPD(User Datagram protocol) is installed


to FA-100. The TCP/IP is not installed.

Fig. 4.3.18 SET LAN

Table 4.3.7 input/output sentences on PC port


Port
LAN
(EXTRA-1) (PC I/O)
(EXT DISP)

Input sentence

Output sentence

ABM, ACA, ACK, AIR, BBM,


DTM, GBS, GGA, GLL, GNS, AIABK, AIACA, AIALR, AILRF, AITXT,
HDT, LRF, LRI, OSD, RMC, AIVDM, AIVDO, AILR1, AILR2, AILR3
ROT, SSD, VBW, VSD, VTG

4-22

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

4.3.2 SET

CHANNEL

Selecting SET CHANNEL in the System Setting menu shows the following sub-menu.
[SET CH&PWR]
1 VIEW CHANNEL
2 CHANNEL EDIT

Fig. 4.3.19 SET CH&PWR


1. VIEW CHANNEL
Displays the channel in use and the output power.
[VIEW CHANNEL]
*POWER : 12.5W
CHANNEL NO.
CH-A : 2087
CH-B : 2088

Fig. 4.3.20 VIEW CHANNEL

2. CHANNEL EDIT
The last eight received regional operating settings are stored in the system. These settings are
edited through this menu. Press [NEXT] to move the cursor. Pressing [NEXT] while holding
[SFT] moves the cursor backward.

[CHANNEL EDIT]
SELECT NO. x
TIME:
--/--- --:-FROM
MMSI: --------TYPE: ----DTLS:[ENT]

[ENT]

[CHANNEL EDIT]
FROM MMSI:----------POWER:2 W
+/CH-NO.:
CH-A: 0000
CH-B: 0000
MODE:
+/CH-A: TX/RX
CH-B: TX/RX
ZONE: 1 nm

[CHANNEL EDIT]
CH-AREA
RIGHT-TOP
LAT: 00 00.0 N
LON: 000 00.0 E
LEFT-BOTTOM
LAT: 00 00.0 N
LON: 000 00.0 E

+/+/+/+/-

Fig. 4.3.21 CHANNEL EDIT


Note)
- The data which has been registered from AIS and DSC more than two hours ago cannot be
changed.
- The default file identifying with DEFAULT on MMSI line is prohibited from editing.
(It is used in high sea area.)
- If the registered area overlaps, the old one is erased.
- The data older than five weeks is erased.
- The data apart more than 500 NM from the current position is erased.

4-23

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

Details of each item


SELECT NO.: Settings are numbered from the closest region, 1 to 9 including a default file.
Select a desired file number to be opened.
TIME: Date and time when the channel management commands are received.
MMSI: MMSI of the station which transmits the channel management message. When channel
setting is made by other than TDMA and DSC commands, ------ appears on this line.
The file with EMPTY on the MMSI line is not used yet. The file with DEFAULT is
prohibited from editing.
TYPE: Type of the command to be received.
- AIS
: TDMA command (AIS message)
- PI
: ACA command (controlled by PC and ECDIS)
- DSC
: DSC command
- MANUAL
: manual controlled
DTLS: Pressing [ENT] displays the details of the selected file as follow.
- POWER: Output power. This line is editable.
- CH-NO.: Channel to be used. This line is editable.
- MODE: TX and RX mode. This line is editable.
Table 4.3.8 Changing mode
Mode-1

Mode-2

Mode-3

Mode-4

Mode-5

Mode-6

CH-A TX/RX

TX/RX

RX

RX

RX

UNUSE

CH-B TX/RX

RX

TX/RX

RX

UNUSE

RX

- ZONE: Transitional zone. The ZONE is set inside of the boundaries within 1 to 8 NM. The
zone in DEFAULT file is 5 NM.

Region

ZONE: 1-8 NM

ZONE: 1-8 NM

Fig. 4.3.22 ZONE

4-24

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

- CH-AREA: Channel area (Region). The area is designated by a rectangle with two reference
points. The range is 20 to 200 NM. New data overwrites the old data if the data overlaps.
RIGHT-TOP
20-200 nm

20-200 nm

LEFT-BOTTOM

Fig. 4.3.23 Setting area

4.3.3 SET

LR MODE

This menu sets the Long Range mode to either automatic response or manual response. The
default value is MANUAL.
[SET L/R MODE]
L/R MODE : AUTO

+/-

Fig. 4.3.24 SET L/R MODE

4.3.4 SET

OTHER I/O

[SET OTHER I/O]


AD-10
: DSBL
ROT
: 01 SEC

+/-

Fig. 4.3.25 SET OTHER I/O


AD-10 (Default: DSBL)
When the AD converter is connected to AD-10 port (J4), set to ENBL. The connection is
made when SNSR-1, 2 and 3 ports are used for the serial heading data is not available.
Priority: HDT>OSD>AD format data

4-25

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

ROT (Default: 01 sec)


When ROT is not received, it can be calculated based on the change of HTD, OSD, or AD
format data. The setting ranges from 1 second to 10 seconds. For example, when ROT is set to
5 seconds, the ROT is calculated receiving the heading data every 5 seconds.

4.3.5 SET

BUZZER

The buzzer on the FA-100 is set to on/off in the SET BUZZER menu.
[SET BUZZER]
ALARM
: ON
CPA/TCPA : ON
MSG ALM
:ON

+/+/+/-

Fig. 4.3.26 SET BUZZER


**ALARM (Default: ON)
This setting determines whether the system generates alarm sound or not when the alarm is
triggered. See page 8-3 for related alarms.
CPA/TCPA (Default: ON)
CPA/TCPA alarm sound is set to ON or OFF. CPA/TCPA alarm setting is made in SET
CPA/TCPA ([MENU][5][5]).
MSG ALM (Default: ON)
Alarm sound when the message from VTS and a ship station is received is switched to ON or
OFF.
**About alarm
In addition to alarm, contact-closure alarm signal is output from EXTERNAL ALARM port
of CB-100. The alarm is turned off by pressing [CLR] key or receiving ACK signal.

4-26

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

4.3.6 Example of System setting


Fig. 4.3.27 shows an example of port usage.
1) GP-500M2 or GP-80 is connected to SNSR-3. DTM, GNS, GLL, RMC, GGA or VTG is
fed to SNSR-3 as position, SOG and COG data.
2) The gyro is connected to SNSR-2 to receive HDT.
3) Rot data compliance with IMO A. 526 is connected to SENSER-1.
4) The radar is connected to Long Range port.
5) ECDIS is connected to EXTRA-1.
6) The pilot PC is connected to PC I/O port of CB-100: RS-422.

Note)
TB-1 terminal number in CB-100;
- CB-100 41p type: regular
- CB-100 48p type: bold italic

Fig. 4.3.27 Example of system setting

4-27

4.3 SYSTEM SETTING

To use the FA-100 in the connection as shown in Fig. 4.3.27, the system setting menu must be
changed to settings in the Table 4.3.9.
Table 4.3.9 Setting example
Main menu

Sub menu
-1

Sub menu
-2

Sub menu -3
PC I/O

2. I/O
FUNCTION
1. SET I/O
PORT

SNSR3
LR
BEACON
EXTRA1
XTRA I/O

Pilot PC
ROT data from ROT
(Change if necessary.)
HDT data from GYRO
(Change if necessary.)
GP-500M2/GP-80
FR-xxxx
GR-80
ECDIS
N.C

PORT LR

EXT DISP

FR-2105/2805

1. L/L COG
SOG
2. HDG
3. ROT

(1) SN1, (2) SN2,


(3) SN3, (4) EX1,
(5) LR, (6) PC, (7) LAN

Set to default.

SNSR2

3. I/O
PRIORITY

RESPONSE

4. SET LAN
(IP ADRS)
1. VIEW
CHANNEL

2. SET
CHANNEL

3. SET LR
MODE
4. SET
OTHER I/O
5. SET
BUZZER

2.
CHANNEL
EDIT

PC

EX1
ENBL
LR
ENBL
PC
ENBL
ENBL
LAN
000-000-000-000

4. AIS
6.
SYSTEM
SETTINGS

Remarks

38.4 kbps
38.4 k
4800
38.4 k
4800
4800
38.4 k
4800
38.4 k
4800

SNSR1
1. I/O
SPEED

Setting

IP ADDRESS
SUB NET
000-000-000-000
MASK
1000
PORT NO
POWER
Indication only
CH NO.
TIME x 9
DD/MM UTC
FROM displays MMSI/TYPE
Items to be changed are;
POWER
12.5/2 W
CH NO.
CH-A/B
MODE
CH-A/B
ZONE
X NM
CH AREA
RIGHT/LEFT-TOP

LR MODE

MANUAL

AD-10
ROT
ALARM
CPA/TCPA
MSG ALM

DSBL
1 sec
ON
ON
ON

* Factory-default is screened

4-28

Set to default.

if necessary.
Displaying the
Channel information

Change if necessary.

Set to default.

4.4 Jumper setting on new CB-100 (48p type)

4.4 Jumper setting on new CB-100 (48p type)


Jumpers are used to connect a terminator (240-ohm resister) between RD lines. To
connect the terminator, change jumper block setting from #1-#2 to #3-#4. When
multiple receivers are connected to the driver, the terminator is used.
Foe example, when more than one load is connected to the output of GNSS, the jumper
of the port is changed.-

-SENSOR 1
-SENSOR 2
-SENSOR 3
-LR
-EXTRA I/O
-PC I/O

Fig. 4.4.1 Block Diagram of Isolation circuit


Table. 4.4.1 Jumper setting
Jumper

Port

J4
J5
J6
J7
J8
J9
J10

SENSOR3 (RD3)
SENSOR2 (RD2)
SENSOR1 (RD1)
LR (RD4)
EXTRA I/O (RD6)
PCI/O (RD8)
BEACON (RD5)

J8
(EXTRA I/O RD6)

Factory settings

When multiple receivers are connected


to the driver.

1-2:Open
3-4:Short

1-2: Short
3-4: Open

Open

J7
(LR RD4)

J6
(SENSOR1 RD1)

J9
(PCI/O RD8)

J5
(SENSOR2 RD2)

J4
(SENSOR3 RD3)

J10
(BEACON RD5)

Fig. 4.4.2 Jumper position in CB-100

4-29

4.5 PR-240 power alteration

4.5 PR-240 power alteration


PR-240 is shipped for 220 VAC power connection. The power alteration between 230 V
and 115 V is made as below without soldering.

Change tap connection.


Change jumper connection.

See Fig. 4.4.1.

See Fig. 4.4.2.

Step 1. Changing tap connection

White

Black

White

Black

220VAC spec.
(default)

Fig. 4.4.1 Changing tap connection

100VAC spec.

The white wire is connected to #1 and


the black #2 in 220 VAC sets. Both
white and black wire are connected to
#1 in 115 VAC sets.

Fig. 4.4.1 Changing tap connection


Step 2. Changing jumper connection

Change the connection of red


wire depending on ships mains.

Fig. 4.4.2 Changing jumper connection

4-30

Chapter 5. Updating program


5.1 General
The FA-100 uses five CPUs which run with an individual program.
Table 5.1.1 Program
CPU
MAIN CPU

U1

SUB CPU

U11

H8S1 CPU
H8S2 CPU
H8S3 CPU

U20
U21
U22

Program No.
245-0001-001-0x
245-0001-002-0x
245-0002-001-0x
245-0002-002-0x
245-0003-001-0x
245-0004-001-0x
245-0005-001-0x

Handling
For old MPB boardnote)
TDMA signal
For new MPB board note)
note)
For old MPB board
Display, keyboard and
For new MPB board note) serial data
Data to/from SNSR ports
Data to/from EXTRA-1, BEACON and LR ports
DSC reception

Note) See the Table 5.1.2 on page 5-2.

Procedure
Figure 5.1.1 shows the outline of the program updating.

Clearing memory after Main and


Sub CPU program updating !!

Fig. 5.1.1 Outline of program updating

5-1

5.1 General

Every program is updated asynchronously in no flow control at 9600 bps.


unnecessary to set the SET I/O PORT of [MENU][6][1].

It is

1. Confirming the program version


Pressing [MENU][7] and [1], shows the list of the program number and version.
Press [CLR], shows the program version in detail.
[PROGRAM NO.]

[PROGRAM NO.]

MAIN
SUB
H8S1
H8S2
H8S3

MAIN
SUB
H8S1
H8S2
H8S3

: 245-0001-00x
: 245-0002-00x
: 245-0003-001
: 245-0004-001
: 245-0005-001

[CLR]

: 245-0001-00x0x
: 245-0002-00x0x
: 245-0003-0010x
: 245-0004-0010x
: 245-0005-0010x

When the program number differs from one in the above list, update the program again
with the correct selection of the Loader File.

Note: Program number of MAIN and SUB CPUs


There are two types of MPB board (24P0015): old type (24P0015-55 and before) and
new type (24P0015-66 and after). These boards are loaded with different MAIN- and
SUB-CPU programs. Use MPB board (hardware) and software in correct combination.
Before servicing, verify the program number.
Table 5.1.2 Program files
MAIN and SUB CPU program numbers
MAIN: 245-0001-001
MAIN: 245-0001-002
SUB: 245-0002-001
SUB: 245-0002-002
Old MPB board
(24P0015-55 and before)
New MPB board
(24P0015-66 and after)

Possible
Possible by changing jumpers
JP6: Cut
JP: Short

Not possible
Possible
JP6: Short
JP7: Open

JP6
JP7

Fig. 5.1.2 Jumper-6 and 7 position in MPB board : 24P0015-66

5-2

5.1 General

2. Clearing memory after updating


See page 8-14 for Factory reset. (Turn on the unit while holding [CLR]. Release the
hand when COMPLETE appears.)
After clearing the memory, reset INTI SETTING and SYSTEM SETTING.

3. Checking ROM/RAM after updating


See page 8-8 for MEMORY TEST. (Press [MENU][7] and [2] to confirm the
ROM/RAM TEST result.)
ROM/RAM test must be OK.
[MEMORY TEST]
ROM RAM
MAIN : OK OK
SUB
: OK OK
H8S1 : OK OK
H8S2 : OK OK
H8S3 : OK OK

Fig 5.1.3 MEMORY TEST display

4. When BACK UP error is displayed


When BACK UP error message appears after updating SUB CPU program, INIT
SETTING in [MENU][5] and SYSTEM SETTING in [MENU][6] must be carried out.
[ERROR]
BACKUP ERROR !
ESC :[ENT]

Significant change of SUB CPU program will come above in convenience.

5-3

5.2 Program files

5.2 Program files


Each program disk contains following files. The file size varies depends on the
version level.
Table 5.2.1 Program files
CPU
File
Him.bin
(89kB)
Upw.exe
(449kB)
Himmain.mot
(669kB)
Himsub.mot
(773kB)
ComHost.exe
(446kB)
Loader.bin
(2kB)
H8s1.bin
(24kB)
H8s2.bin
(25kB)
H8s3.bin
(52kB)

MAIN

SUB

H8S1

H8S2

(245-0001-00x0x) (245-0002-00x0x) (245-0003-00010x) (245-004-0010x)

H8S3
(245-005-0010x)

X
X
X

X
X
X

5-4

5.3 MAIN CPU

5.3 MAIN CPU


5.3.1 Connection for updating MAIN CPU
The PC is connected to EXTERNAL GPS(AUX-2) port (J6) via RS-232C/RS-422
level converter. See Fig. 5.3.1. Use the level converter of which transmission rate is
9600 bps or more. The interconnection cable and the converter are arranged locally.
Make shorts on the COM part of the PC.
.

Fig. 5.3.1 Connection for updating MAIN CPU program

5.3.2 Updating Procedure


1. Turn off the FA-100.
2. Insert the MAIN CPU program disk into the PC.
3. Download all files in the disk to your desktop.
The files are;
- Him.bin, Upw.exe : used to download the program
- Himmain.mot
: Main CPU program

5-5

5.3 MAIN CPU

4. Click the Upw.exe. The UPW window appears.

Port setting

Loader File selection

Status window

Start button

5. Select Loader File; click SH3 MAIN.


CAUTION: Do this carefully, otherwise a wrong program is installed.

6. Select the PC serial Port to be used. When the [COM1] port of the PC is used,
select COM1.
7. Turn on the FA-100.
8. After hearing a beep, click [Start] in UPW window during the presence of the
FURUNO logo on the FA-100 screen. The updating starts automatically.
FURUNO logo

plotter display
Press [Start] during
this period.

Fig. 5.3.2 Start-up Sequence

5-6

5.3 MAIN CPU

9. The messages appear in the Status window on the PC.


FA-100 changed to plotter display.

The display of the

Response waiting from target.


Response detection from target.
Loading program transmission beginning.
Loading program transmission completion.
19694line is transmitted.
Now Erasing
Writing was completed.

10. Updating is complete with the following message.


Writing was completed.
The necessary time for program update is about 10 minutes.
11. Turn off the PC, and turn it on again.
12. Press [MENU][7] and [1] to confirm the program number and version,
245-0001-00x. Press [CLR], shows the program version in detail; 245-0001-00x0x.

Clearing memory after updating

Turn on the unit while holding [CLR]. Release the hand when COMPLETE appears.
After clearing the memory, reset INTI SETTING and SYSTEM SETTING.
See page 8-14.

5-7

5.4 SUB CPU

5.4 SUB CPU


5.4.1 Connection for updating SUB CPU
The PC is connected in the junction box CB-100 as shown in Fig. 5.4.1.
The interconnection cable is arranged locally. Make shorts on the COM port of the
PC.

Fig. 5.4.1 Connection for updating SUB CPU

5.4.2 Updating Procedure


1. Turn off the FA-100.
2. Insert the SUB CPU program disk into the PC.
3. Download all files in the disk to your desktop.
The files are;
- Him.bin, Upw.exe : used to download the program
- Himsub.mot
: Sub CPU program

5-8

5.4 SUB CPU

4. Click the Upw.exe. The UPW window appears.

Port setting

Loader File selection

SH3 SUB

Status window

Start button

5. Select Loader File; click SH3 SUB.


CAUTION: Do this carefully, otherwise a wrong program is installed.

6. Select the PC serial Port to be used. When the [COM1] port of the PC is used,
select COM1.
7. Turn on the FA-100.
8. After hearing a beep, click [Start] in UPW window during the presence of the
FURUNO logo on the FA-100 screen. The updating starts automatically.
FURUNO logo

Press [Start] during


this period.

Fig. 5.4.2 Start-up Sequence

5-9

5.4 SUB CPU

9. The messages appear in the Status window on the PC. The display of the FA-100
remains unchanged (FURUNO logo).
Response waiting from target.
Response detection from target.
Loading program transmission beginning.
Loading program transmission completion.
19694line is transmitted.
Now Erasing
Writing was completed.

10. Updating is complete with the following message.


Writing was completed.
The necessary time for program update is about 15 minutes.
11. Turn off the PC, and turn it on again.
12. Press [MENU][7] and [1] to confirm the program number and version,
245-0002-00x. Press [CLR], shows the program version in detail; 245-0002-00x0x.

Clearing memory after updating

Turn on the unit while holding [CLR]. Release the hand when COMPLETE appears.
After clearing the memory, reset INTI SETTING and SYSTEM SETTING.
See page 8-14.

5-10

5.5 H8S1/2/3

5.5 H8S1/2/3
5.5.1 Connection for updating H8S1/2/3
The PC is connected to LOG CONTACT(AUX-1) port (J5) as shown in Fig. 5.5.1.
The interconnection cable is arranged locally. Make shorts between #4 and #6, and
between #7 and #8 on the COM port of the PC.

Fig. 5.5.1 Connection for updating H8S program

5.5.2 Updating procedure


To update H8S1/2/3 program;
Setup to PC
1. Insert the H8S program disk into the PC.
2. Download all files in the disk to your desktop. The files are;
- ComHost.exe, Loader.bin: used to download the program
- H8S1.bin: H8S1 program
- H8S2.bin: H8S3 program
- H8S3.bin: H8S3 program

5-11

5.5 H8S1/2/3

3. Click the ComHost.exe. The BOOT LOADER window appears.

Port setting

Loader File selection

Status window

Start button

4. Select Loader File; click H8S1.bin, H8S2.bin or H8S3.bin.


CAUTION: Do this carefully, otherwise a wrong program is installed.

5. Select the PC serial Port to be used. When the [COM1] port of the PC is used,
select COM1.

Setup to FA-100
6. Press [MENU][7] and [7].
SERVICE menu.

The display asks the password to access to the

[ENTER PASSWORD]
PASSWORD:

7. Type password (xxxxxx) followed by [ENT], and the service menu appears.
[FOR SERVICE]
1 TX/RX TEST
2 SIO TEST
3 ALARM HISTORY
4 SET CH&PWR
5 H8S RESET

5-12

5.5 H8S1/2/3

8. Press [5] to select H8S RESET. H8S LOADER RESET menu is displayed.
[H8S LOADER RESET]
H8S1 RESET
H8S2 RESET
H8S3 RESET

9. Select the loader to be reset by using [!] or ["] key and press [ENT].
The menu changes to H8S RESET.
[H8S RESET]

Note: To close this window, turn off the PC.

H8S x
PROGRAM
LOADING

Start
10. Click [Start] in the BOOT LOADER window. The new program is installed on
to the FA-100 automatically. The messages appear in Status window. The
FURUNO logo on the FA-100 is remains unchanged.
Loader transmission preparation.
Loader transmission preparation completion.
LSI initialization instruction.
LSI initialization completion.
Loader program byte number beginning.
Loader program byte number transmitting completion.
Loader program transmitting beginning.
Loader program byte number transmitting completion.
Loader program transmitting beginning.
Loader program transmitting end.
The main program saving preparation.
The main program saving preparation. . . Completion
Transmission bytes number transmission beginning.
Transmission bytes number transmission beginning . . . Completion
The main program forwarding beginning.
Checksum calculation beginning. . . .Completion

11. Updating is complete with the following message.


Checksum calculation beginning. . . .Completion
The necessary time for program update is;
- H8S1 and H8S2: about 5 minutes
- H8S3: about 8 minutes

5-13

5.5 H8S1/2/3

12. Turn off the PC, and turn it on again.


13. Press [MENU][7] and [1] to confirm the program number.
- H8S1 : 245-0003-001
- H8S2 : 245-0004-001
- H8S3 : 245-0005-001
Press [CLR], shows the program version in detail.
- H8S1 : 245-0003-0010x
- H8S2 : 245-0004-0010x
- H8S3 : 245-0005-0010x
If the program number is wrong, repeat above steps. (A wrong program is
loaded if the load file selection is incorrect.)

5-14

Major parts in Display Unit


Chapter 6. Circuit 6.2Description

6.1 System Configuration


Figure 6.1.1 shows the configuration of the FA-100. GPS/VHF combined antenna is
connected to the distributor with the single coaxial cable. The distributor sends the
signal from the antenna after separating it into GPS and VHF signals.
AC/DC power supply unit, PR-240 provides a automatic change-over switch between
AC and DC ships supply. AC ships mains is either 115 V or 230V (jumper selectable).

Fig. 6.1.1 System Configuration

6-1

6.2 Major parts in Display Unit

6.2 Major parts in Display Unit


Fig.6.2.1 shows the block diagram of the display unit. Following describes the function
of each board.

Fig. 6.2.1
CB-100 (JUNCTION Box)
The box includes a 41(48p) position terminal board. 37P D-Sub connector is factory
fitted to connect it with the display unit.
** New CB-100: 48p type is used in combination with FA-100, which the I/O signal line
are isolated by MOT 2(24P0024-44) board. **

OCN2 (24P0025)
The connectors on the rear panel are soldered to this board which is connected to MOT2
Mother board. A noise filter locates in each line.

6-2

6.2 Major parts in Display Unit

MOT2 (24P0024)
This board is a mother board which provides a common pathway for p.c. boards to be
connected.
** New CB-100: 48p type is used in combination with FA-100, which the I/O signal line
are isolated by MOT 2(24P0024-44) board. **

DCN (24P0020)
This board is a line filter located in DC power supply.

PWX (24P0016)
This board consists of switching regulators to generate +3.3 V, +5 V and +13.6 V from
12 to 24 VDC ships main.
The protectors in the circuit are;
1) Reversed polarity connection protector, Diode and breaker
2) Over- and low-voltage protector for input source
3) Overcurrent protector for +3.3 V and +5 V
(The switching regulator builds in a protector.)
4) Overcurrent protector for +13.6 V
(PolySwitch or Polymeric Positive Temperature Coefficient Thermistor)

LKY2 (24P0026)
The board reads key status, drives the LCD, and turns on/off the power circuit. The
board also includes a buzzer circuit.

GPS RX (GN-79N5A-N)
This is a 12-channel, battery-backup GPS receiver. UTC data obtained from 1575.42
MHz GPS signal is used as timing information of the AIS system. The GPS antenna
cable carries +5 V to the antenna unit.

TX EXCTR (24P0012)
The TX Exciter board consists of a digital modulator, a PLL oscillator and a frequency
converter. 9600 bps AIS and 1200 bps DSC signals are derived from the MPB board.
These signals have Bandwidth Time (BT) Product. The board outputs GMSK (Gaussian
filtered Minimum Shift Keying) FM modulated signal.

TDMA PA (24P0014)
The signal from the TX EXCTR board is boosted up to 12.5 W by power amplifier
M57710 on the board. The output power is selected to either 2 W or 12.5 W by the
signal from the MPB board.

6-3

6.2 Major parts in Display Unit

TDMA RX1 (24P0010A) and TDMA RX2 (24P0010B)


These boards are VHF TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) receivers. TDMA RX1
and RX2 receive channel A and B signals respectively.
The difference between two boards is;

PLL frequency:
1st IF:
2nd Oscillator:
2nd IF:

TDMA RX1
Fr + 45 MHz
45 MHz
44.545 MHz
455 kHz

TDMA RX2
Fr + 45.1 MHz
45.1 MHz
44.645 MHz
455kHz (same as RX1)

DSC RX (24P0013)
This is a DSC CH70 (156.525 MHz) receiver. The AIS signal received by the antenna is
sent to the TDMA RX-1 and TDMA RX-2 boards via this board.

MPB (24P0015)
The MPB board consists of five CPUs. Function of each CPU is;
MAIN CPU

: Handles GPS signals and AIS communications

SUB CPU

: Handles signals on LAN port, and communication with


the control panel

H8S1 CPU

: Handles signals on SNSR 1, 2 and 3 ports

H8S2 CPU

: Handles signals on EXTRA-1, BEACON and L/R ports

H8S3 CPU

: Handles signals on EXTRA-I/O and PC I/O ports, and


DSC communications

6-4

6.3 Functional Description

6.3 Functional Description


6.3.1 Antenna
Low loss coaxial cable 8D-FB-CV is used when the cable length is 20 meters or more. GPS
and VHF combined antenna includes a printed circuit board 24P0029 consisting of 150 MHz
Low Pass Filter and 1.5 GHz High Pass Filter. The filter attenuates the signal 0.8 dB or less.
The distributor DB-1 uses the same board as the antenna or 24P0029.

Individual antenna system

Combined antenna system

Fig. 6.3.1 Antenna

6-5

6.3 Functional Description

6.3.2 Major Signals


Fig.6.3.2 shows major signal which flows in the display unit.
Table 6.3.1 Description of signals
Signal
BATO
PTT1 and 2
POL
RX SIG1 and 2
RX DET

Description
Battery backup line
TX Keying signal
PA monitor signal
TDMA RX signal
DSC detected signal

Signal
IN 1pps
PWR1and 2
RVSE
RX DET1 and 2
DSC-RO

Fig. 6.3.2 Major Signals

6-6

Description
UTC timing signal
TX power control signal
Reflected power (voltage)
TDMA RX detected signal
DSC demodulated signal

6.3 Functional Description

6.3.3 TX EXCTR (24P0012)


Fig. 6.3.3 shows the block diagram of the TX EXCITR board. The board receives AIS and
DSC TX data, both BT product from the MPB board. The BT product parameter represents
bandwidth multipled by time. This parameter is a nonnegative scalar. It is used to reduce the
bandwidth at the expense of increased intersymbol interference. The relationship between B
and T defines the bandwidth of the system.
The signal is amplified and then sent to the VCO, of which center frequency is 44.5375 MHz,
for GMSK modulation. Potentiometers provided at the input stage are;
R6 (MOD): Adjusts modulation amplitude of a modulating signal.
(Fdeviation = 2.4 kHz with TX data of 1 kHz, 1Vpp)
Modulation index = maximum frequency deviation/modulating frequency
R8 (FRQ): Adjusts the center frequency of VCO, 44.5375 MHz 50 Hz
R11 (1.65 V): Determines reference voltage to operation amplifier U3

Fig. 6.3.3 Block Diagram of EXCTR Board


PLL synthesizer consisting of U201 and associated parts oscillates at Ft + 44.5375 MHz. The
12.8 MHz reference signal is generated by VCXO Y201 and sent to the synthesizer. The PLL
synthesizer on TDMA RX1 and TDMA RX2 boards also uses the 12.8 MHz signal. R222 is
used to adjust the VCXO output signal to 12.8 MHz.
Double balanced mixer, consisting of CR301 and CR302, mixes 44.5375 MHz FM signal
with Ft + 44.5375 MHz signal output of PLL synthesizer and outputs Ft signal to be
transmitted.
The EXC ON signal from the PA board switches on and off the TX exciter. Switched are the
diodes placed at GMSK modulator and exciter output.
The board outputs 7 dBm signal to the TMD PA board.

6-7

6.3 Functional Description

6.3.4 TDM PA (24P0014)


The TDM PA board 24P0014 amplifies the signal from the TX EXCTR board. U1 (M57710)
is a Power Amplifier module. Power control signals, PWR-LVL 1 and PWR-LVL2 select the
supply voltage to Q2 and U5 (Automatic Power Controller). Potentiometer R44 adjusts the
output power of the system.
CR8 and CR9 detect the PA output level. The level varies depending on antenna matching.
The signal from CR8 and CR9 is send to the Automatic Power Control circuit U5 which
decreases the gain of Q1 and Q2 to prevent the PA from being damaged when the VSWR
increases.

Fig. 6.3.4 Block Diagram of TDM PA Board

The APC sends MONI (POL) signal to the CPU when the TX time exceeds the specified
time. The MONI signal is used to generate the error message TX and stop transmitting.
CR10 and U6 measure VSWR and generate REVERSE (VSWR) signal to display the error
message ANT when VSWR is 3 or above. The system does not stop transmitting with the
error message ANT. R63 is adjusted so that the REVERSE signal is 1 V with VSWR of 3.
To gain access to the TEST SW, SW1, remove the front panel. The system transmits the signal
continuously with test switch set to ON. The switch is used to measure frequency and power
of the signal to be transmitted.

6-8

6.3 Functional Description

6.3.5 DSC RX (24P0013)


The signal pick-upped by the VHF antenna is delivered to the J201 on the DSC RX board via
the TX PA board. After amplifying by Q201 and Q202, the RF signal is sent to DSC receiver
circuit on the same board and TDMA (or AIS) receivers on TDMA RX 1 and TDMA RX 2
boards.

Fig. 6.3.5 Block Diagram of TDMA RX Board


The DSC receiver consists of a bandpass filter, Q1 and the succeeding circuits. Q2 converts
156.525 MHz RF signal to 21.4 MHz 1st IF signal. The 1st local oscillator Y1 oscillates at
135.125 MHz.
U1 contains a frequency converter, an amplifier, a demodulator, and a detector. In U1, 21.4
MHz IF signal is frequency-converted to 455 kHz 2nd IF signal, using 20.945 MHz from 2nd
local oscillator Y2. The detected DSC signal (RX DSC) or 1200 bps FSK (1700 400 Hz)
signal is sent to the H8S3 CPU via the modem on the MBP board.
When receiving DSC signal, U1 outputs the RX DET signal to the H8S3 CPU for DSC signal
processing.
Adjusters on the DSC RX board are;
Adjuster
C40
C67
R51

Test Point
TP1
TP2
RX DET line

Ratings
135.125 MHz 100 Hz
29.945 MHz 50 Hz
Active (Low) with RX input of 0 dBu

6-9

6.3 Functional Description

6.3.6 TDMA RX1 (24P0010A) and TDMA RX2 (24P0010B)


TDMA RX1 (24P0010A) and TDMA RX2 (24P0010B) boards are VHF TDMA (Time
Division Multiple Access) receivers. RX1 receives channel A signal while RX2 receives
channel B signal. These boards are in operation even when own transmitter is on.

The difference between RX1 and RX2 is;

PLL frequency:
1st IF:
2nd Oscillator:
2nd IF:

TDMA RX1
Fr + 45 MHz
45 MHz
44.545 MHz
455 kHz

TDMA RX2
Fr + 45.1 MHz
45.1 MHz
44.645 MHz
455kHz (same as RX1)

The signal from the DSC RX board, Fr is mixed by the Double Balanced Mixer with the
output of the PLL synthesizer Fr + 45 MHz (45.1 MHz on RX2) to produce the 1st 45 MHz
(45.1 MHz on RX2) IF signal.

Fig. 6.3.6 Block Diagram of TDMA RX Board

U1 is the same IC as U1 on the DSC RX board. The detected signal RX DATA is sent from
the RX1 board to the MAIN CPU via GMSK modem on the MBP board and from the RX2
board to the SUB CPU.

6-10

6.3 Functional Description

U1 outputs RSSI (RX DET) signal to the MAIN (SUB) CPU when the TDMA signal is
received.

Adjusters on the DSC RX board are;


Adjuster

Test Point

C58

TP2

R51

RX DET line

Ratings
44.545 MHz 100 Hz on RX1
44.645 MHz 100 Hz on RX2
0.5 V with RX input of 5 dBu

6-11

6.3 Functional Description

6.3.7 MPB (24P0015)


Fig. 6.3.7 shows the block diagram of the MPB board.

Fig. 6.3.7 Block Diagram of MPB Board

6-12

6.3 Functional Description

CPU
Five central processor units (CPU) functions as below.
(1) MAIN CPU (U1, SH7709A/HD6417709AF133)
Operating frequency: 76 MHz
Memories: 16 MB flash ROM (U4), battery backupped 4 MB SRAM (U2, U3, and
U63)
Following summarizes the function of the CPU.
Function

CPU Port Name

- Synchronous communication
and TX GMSK modem (U7) control
- BT product selection for transmitter
- GMSK TX control
- NRZI control

SCI-0
PTD0, PTD1, PTD3
PTJ4, PTJ5, PTJ6
PTE6
PTC7

- Transceiver control
- TX power control
- Switching between TX and RX
- PLL control
- PLL monitor

PTE3, PTE4
PTE1, PTE2
PTC4, PTC5, PTC6, PTJ2, PTJ3
PTB0, PTB1, PTB2

- GPS Interfacing
-Internal and external GPS Selection
-UTC timing control

SCI1
PTJ0
PTC2

- Reception of AD converter signal


- Semaphore synchronization
- GMSK sub modem (U18) receiver control
- H8S3 control for DSC TX
- Slot phase control
- Communication with SUB CPU
- Packet data transfer control
- Interrupt request signal
- Slot timing
- TX data load timing
- Power failure
- Data transfer timing to MAIN CPU
- AD converter signa input
- 1 pps signal from GPS
- RX DET signal from TDMA RX1 and 2

PTB7, PTD2
PTA4, PTA5
PTA6, PTA7
PTB3 to PTB6
PTD4
PTD7
IRQ0 to IRQ5
IRQ0
IRQ1
IRQ2
IRQ3
IRQ4
IRQ5
AD TRG

- AD conversion
- PA reflected power level
- TDMA RX1 DET signal
- TDMA RX2 DET signal

AN0
AN1
AN2

6-13

6.3 Functional Description

(2) SUB CPU (U11, SH7709A/HD6417709AF133)


Operating frequency: 76 MHz
Memories: 16 MB flash ROM (U14), battery-backupped 4 MB SRAM (U12, and U13)
Following summarizes the function of the CPU.
Function

CPU Port Name

- TDMA RX2 GMSK modem, U18 control


- Processing receiving signal
- Modem control
- BT selection

SCI0
PTD0, PTD1
PTD3

- Communication via RC-I/O port


- H8S control
- Reset signal
- Mode control signal
- Chip selection for program loading

RES0, RES1, RES1


MD11, MD12, MD13
PTE1, PTE2

- DON communication with Main CPU


- Packet transfer control
- Semaphore synchronization
- TDMA RX2 PLL-LOCK2 control
- Forced TX termination
- Brilliance control
- Built-in buzzer on and off control
- Output of external alarm

PTD2
PTD7
PTB7
PTB1
PTE7
PTE3, PTJ0, PTJ1, PTJ3
PTJ4
PTJ5

- Interrupt request signal


- Slot timing
- Timing of key status reading
- Power failure
- Data transfer timing to MAIN CPU
- LAN control
- 1 pps signal from GPS

IRQ0
IRQ1
IRQ2
IRQ3
IRQ4
IRQ5

- AD conversion
- Voltage of back-up battery
- Control of AD conversion
- Check of TX status
- Check of line voltages in power circuit
- TDMA RX2 DET signal

AN0
PTE5
AN1
AN2
AN3

6-14

SCI2

6.3 Functional Description

(3) H8S1 CPU (U20, 2144F/DF2144FA20)


Operating frequency: 9.83 MHz
Memories: built-in 128k bit flash ROM and 4 MB SRAM
The CPU controls input and output signals on SNSR ports as below.
I/O Port
SNSR 1
SNSR 2
SNSR 3

CPU Port
SCI 0
SCI 1
SCI 2

(4) H8S2 CPU (U21, 2144F/DF2144FA20)


Operating frequency: 9.83 MHz
Memories: built-in 128k bit flash ROM and 4 MB SRAM
The CPU controls input and output signals on L/R, BEACON and EXTRA 1 ports as
below.
I/O Port
L/R
BEACON
EXTRA1

CPU Port
SCI 0
SCI 1
SCI 2

(5) H8S3 CPU (U22, 2144F/DF2144FA20)


Operating frequency: 9.83 MHz
Memories: built-in 128k bit flash ROM and 4 MB SRAM
Following summarizes the function of the CPU.
Function

CPU Port Name

- DSC control
- Communication with DSC modem (U46)
- DSC modem TX/RX selection
- Observing demodulated signal in DSC modem
- Observing demodulated signal in DSC RX
- DSC TX control (communication w/ MAIN CPU)

SCI 0
P43, P44
P77
P47, P74
P64, P65

- Data transfer timing interrupt


- Data transfer control
- Transmitter on/off control
- Input from and output to I/O port control
- Data transfer timing

P67
P80
P66
SCI1
IRQ7

6-15

6.3 Functional Description

FPGA
The MBP board uses two FPGAs (Field Programmable Gate Array) which function as below.
FPG1 (U55)
a) Decodes Address data of SUB CPU
b) Loads and latches RX SN data from TDMA RX 1 (U7) and TDMA RX2 (U18)
c) Controls TDMA transmission (Word data parallel/serial conversion and data transfer
to modem, forced TX termination, and NRZI conversion)
d) Generates Wait signal (WTLC8) for LCD
FPG2 (U56)
a) Decodes Address data of MAIN CPU
b) Controls packet data transfer
c) Generates Timing signal (1 pps synchronization, slot phase control, slot timing, packet
transfer timing, key read timing, and modem clock)

Clock signal
The MPB board generates following clock signals.
Oscillator Frequency
Y1
38 MHz
Y2
9.8304 MHz
Y3
20 MHz
Y4
3.579545 MHz
Y5
32.768 MHz

Usage
CPU clock
TDMA modem
LAN
DSC modem
RTC clock

LED
LEDs on the MPB board indicate the CPU status. When the CPU does not run and runs
abnormally, the LED lights or goes off.
Part Number
CR4
CR5
CR7
CR8
CR9

CPU to be checked
MAIN CPU
SUB CPU
H8S3 CPU
H8S2 CPU
H8S1 CPU

Normal Status
Blinking at 500 msec intervals
Blinking at 500 msec intervals
Blinking at higher speed
Blinking at 500 msec intervals
Blinking at 500 msec intervals

CR4
CR5
CR7
CR8
CR9

Fig. 6.3.8 Display unit, right view (MPB board)

6-16

6.3 Functional Description

Memory contents
The table below lists the contents in the memory. Items backupped by the lithium battery are
screened.
Table 6.3.2 Contents of the memory
Memory
H8S 1

U20

H8S 2

U21

H8S 3

U22

U16

MAIN CPU

U2
U3
U63
U4

Description
Built-in ROM
Built-in RAM
Built-in ROM
Built-in RAM
Built-in ROM
Built-in RAM

EEPROMnote)

SRAM
Flash ROM

SUB CPU
U12
U13

SRAM

U14
U31

Flash ROM
SRAM

H8S1 program
Working area
H8S2 program
Working area
H8S3 program
Working area
1. MAC address for Ethernet controller (U15)
2. MMSI, IMO number
3. [MENU]-5-1:NAME, CS
4. [MENU]-5-6:SET ANT Pos.
5. [MENU]-5-4:TYPE
6. [MENU]-6-1-1:I/O SPEED
7. [MENU]-6-1-4:SET LAN
8. [MENU]-6-3:SET LR MODE
9. [MENU]-6-4:SET OTHER I/O(AD-10)
10. [MENU]-6-1-2:I/O FUNCTION
Channel edit data for transitional mode
operation.
MAIN CPU program,
1) Latest TX and RX messages of Message 6,
8, 12, and 14, five of each
2) Static data (Menu-5:INT SETTINGS)
3) MMIS and IMO number
4) System settings (Menu-6)
5) Alarm history (Menu-7-7-3)
6) Power on/off history (Menu-7-5)
SUB CPU program
Used to relay data

Note)
The settings for the communication is stored in both EEPROM and S-RAM.

6-17

6.3 Functional Description

6.3.8 PWX (24P0016)


Fig. 6.3.9 shows the block diagram of the PWX board 24P0016.

U51/52

(B)
From +3.3V out

CR1

(A)

+13.6V

U51/52

(A)

CR62

(B)

Q71/U71

+5V

Magamp voltage
controller

+3.3V
+5V

Over current Det.

Fig. 6.3.9 Block Diagram of PWX board

6-18

6.3 Functional Description

Fig. 6.3.10 shows the simplified block diagram of PWR board. Ships main 12 to 24 Vdc is
supplied to the circuit through the supply protection diode CR1. When the ships main is
connected in the reversed polarity, the breaker on the rear panel trips with CR1 conducted.
The input over and low voltage protector is built in U11, RC9528 and activates in the
following voltage range.
Input overvoltage protection: +31.6 to +37.2V
Input lowvoltage protection: +6.8 V to +8.0

Fig. 6.3.10 Simplified Block Diagram of PWX Board


Other protectors protect individual output lines as below.
Line Voltage

Max. Current

+5 V
+3.3 V
+13.6 V (1)
+13.6 V (2)

Overcurrent protection

2.0 A
2.0 A
RX: 0.3 A; TX: 8.2 A
RX: 0.3 A; TX: 8.2 A

3.0 A, protector built in U31


3.0 A, protector built in U31
2.5 A, PolySwitch*
2.5 A, PolySwitch*

*PolySwitch is a Polymeric PTC or a positive temperature coefficient thermistor. A


PTC is a solid-state device designed to interrupt the flow of fault current in a circuit.
The resistance of the PTCs conductive polymer increases with increasing
temperature.
Both main- and sub-inverters use a switching signal of 45 kHz 2.25 kHz. The switching
frequency is adjusted by R25 (for main-inverter) and R35 (for dub-inverter).
Magnetic Amplifier (or Mag Amp) control circuit, consisting of Mag Amp coil (L62 located
at secondary of T41), a rectifier, and Mag Amp voltage controller (Q71 and U71) generates
stable +3.3 V.
+5 V is adjusted by R38.
+13.6 V (1) line is connected to TDM PA and TX EXCITR boards while +13.6 V (2) line to
TDMA RX1, TDMA RX2 and DSC RX boards.

6-19

6.3 Functional Description

6.3.9 Interface circuits


Fig.6.2.11 shows the interface circuit for the connection of CB-100 which includes CBP board,
24P0031. The MOT-2 board, 24P0024-44 must be used in combination with 24P0031 in
CB-100.

Fig. 6.3.11 Block Diagram of Interface circuits

6-20

6.3 Functional Description

SENSOR 1 to 3, L/R, EXTRA 1 and PC I/O port are isolated by using the LTC 1535 isolated
RS485 transceiver on MOT-2 board (2P0024-44).
Jumpers J4 to J9 on CBP board in CB-100 are used to connect a 240 ohm resistor (terminator)
between RD A and RD B lines.
For example, when the multiple units are connected to GNSS, the jumper is removed. When
FA-100 is connected to GNSS, the jumper is set.

Fig. 6.3.12 Block Diagram of RS-422 Interface circuits

Table 6.3.3 Jumpers on CB-100


Jumper
J4
J5
J6
J7

Port to be set
SENSOR3 RD3
SENSOR2 RD2
SENSOR1 RD1
LR RD4

Jumper
J8
J9
J10

Port to be set
EXTRA I/O RD6
PC I/O RD8
BEACON RD5

The junction box without a P.C board (old type) is used with MOT-2 board (24P0024-33).
Table 6.3.4 Combination with CB-100 and MOT-2
MOT-2 Board
24P0024-33 (Old type)
24P0024-44 (New type)

New CB-100
(With CBP board)
Not possible
Possible

6-21

Old CB-100
(Without P.C board)
Possible
Not possible

Chapter 7. Measurement
7.1 General
The flowchart below shows the procedure to measure the frequency and power of the
transmitted signal.
Note that a transmission must be within 30 seconds. Otherwise, the PA will be
damaged by heating. A succeeding transmission must be made after the cooling
down for 3 minutes or more.
START

Connect the measuring instrument.

Power-on

Open FOR SERVICE menu. ([MENU][7][7])


followed by password ([x][x][x][x][x][x][ENT])

Press [4] and make settings on SET CH&PWR.


(CH SET is changed to MANUAL.)

Select TXF TEST in TX/RX TEST menu.


(Press [MENU][1][7])

Measure the frequency and output power


within 30 seconds.

YES

Measurement on other
channel?
NO

Reset SET CH&PWR window. NEVER forget to


take this setup! (CH SET is changed to AUTO)

Power-off

Disconnect the measuring instrument.

END

Fig. 7.1.1 Flowchart for measurement

7-1

7.2 Connection

7.2 Connection
A power meter and frequency counter are connected to the FA-100 as below.
1. Connect a 50 ohm power meter to VHF terminal.
2. Wind a wire five to ten turns like a coil on the VHF ANT coaxial cable, and connect
the other end to the frequency counter.
50 ohm power measurement
(capable of measuring 12.5 W/2 W)
VHF
50 ohm coaxial cable

VHF ANT coaxial cable

FA-100

Frequency
counter

Fig. 7.2.1 Connection

7.3 Procedure
To measure power and TX frequency;
Setting of FRQ./POWER/CH SET
1. Press [MENU][7][7] to show ENTER PASSWORD window.
[ENTER PASSWORD]
PASSWORD:

2. Type the password ([x][x][x][x][x][x]) followed by [ENT], and FOR SERVICE


menu appears.
[FOR SERVICE]
1 TX/RX TEST
2 SIO TEST
3 ALARM HISTORY
4 SET CH&PWR
5 H8S RESET

7-2

7.3 Procedure

3. Press [4] to show SET CH & PWR.


[SET CH&PWR]
POWER : 12.5W
+/CH-NO. CH-A : 2087
CH-B : 2088
MODE : CH-A : TX/RX +/CH-B : TX/RX
CH SET : AUTO
+/-

1) POWER : Select output power to 0 W, 2 W or 12.5 W.


2) CH-NO.
: Only CH-A data is available. (CH-B data is unavailable.)
3) MODE
: Do not change.
4) CH SET : Set to MANUAL for measurement. After measurement, reset to AUTO.
Items in Channel Edit menu ([MENU][6][2]) use the data in the SET CH & PWR
window if the CH SET is left MANUAL.

4. Set the POWER to be measured by pressing [SFT].


5. Press [NEXT] and set the measuring channel on CH-NO., CH-A line. Only CH-A
line is available.
1) 2087: 161.975 MHz AIS-1
2) 2088: 162.025 MHz AIS-2
3) 2079: 161.575 MHz regional (Japanese) operating channel
4) 2081: 161.675 MHz regional (Japanese) operating channel
5) 2070: 156.525 MHz DSC CH70
6. Press [NEXT] to move the cursor to CH SET. Use [SFT] to change CH SET from
AUTO to MANUAL.
7.

Press [ENT].

7-3

7.3 Procedure

Setting to TEST mode


8. Return to FOR SERVEICE menu.
[FOR SERVICE]
1 TX/RX TEST
2 SIO TEST
3 ALARM HISTORY
4 SET CH&PWR
5 H8S RESET

9. Press [1] to show TX/RX TEST menu.


[TX/RX TEST]
1 PN PATTERN TX
2 TYPE 1 TX
3TYPE 2 TX
4 DSC 1 TX
5 DSC 2 TX
6 DSC 3 TX
7 TXF TEST

10. Press [7] to show TXF TEST menu.


To start transmitting, press [ENT].
[TXF TEST]

[TXF TEST]

[ENT]
NOW TRANSMITTING
START
STOP

:[ENT]
:[CLR]

[CLR]

START
STOP

11. Within 30 seconds, measure the frequency and output power.


- Allowable power deviation: within +20%
- Allowable frequency deviation: within +3ppm
12. Press [CLR] to stop the transmission.
13. Press [MENU] twice to return FOR SERVEICE menu.

7-4

:[ENT]
:[CLR]

7.3 Procedure

14. Press [4] to show SET CH & PWR.


[SET CH&PWR]
POWER : 12.5W
CH-NO. CH-A : 2087
CH-B : 2088
MODE : CH-A : TX/RX
CH-B : TX/RX
CH SET : MANUAL

+/-

+/+/-

15. When the measurement continues on other channel, restart from step 3.
When terminating the measurement, reset SET CH & PWR menu to one below.
Do not forget to press [ENT] after the reset is completed.
[SET CH&PWR]
POWER : 12.5W
+/CH-NO. CH-A : 2087
CH-B : 2088
MODE : CH-A : TX/RX +/CH-B : TX/RX
CH SET : AUTO
+/-

16. Turn off the switch and on it again.

7-5

Set to AUTO

7.3 Procedure

TX/RX TEST operation


In TX/RX TEST menu, selected are the following transmission signals.
The transmission starts by pressing [ENT], and stops automatically after 30 seconds.
To stop the transmission manually, press [CLR].
Note) [7 TXF TEST] test is continued until [CLR] key is pressed.
Table 7.3.1 TX/RX TEST menu and operation
Item

Signal to be transmitted

1 PN PATTERN TX

AIS signal modulated by random signal

2 TYPE 1 TX

AIS signal modulated by 10101 signal

3 TYPE 2 TX

AIS signal modulating by 0110011 signal

4 DSC 1 TX

DSC signal modulating by B signal

5 DSC 2 TX

DSC signal modulated by Y signal

6 DSC 3 TX

DSC signal modulated by BY signal

7 TXF TEST

Non-modulated signal

[TXF TEST]

[TXF TEST]

[ENT]
NOW TRANSMITTING
START
STOP

:[ENT]
:[CLR]

[CLR]

Window 1

START
STOP

Window -2

7-6

:[ENT]
:[CLR]

7.3 Procedure

Adjusting output power

Before proceeding the following adjustment, measure the output power with a 50 ohm
dummy load to confirm that the antenna is normal.

To adjust the power, shut down the unit, and turn R44 (PWR) CW for increment or
CCW for decrement.

R44 (PWR)

Fig. 7.3.1 PA board(24P0012)


Adjusting output frequency
Use R11 (FREQ) on TX EXCTER board to adjust the frequency of the transmitting
signal.

R11 for frequency adjustment

Fig. 7.3.2 TX EXCTR board(24P0012)

7-7

7.4 Confirming own ships static data

7.4 Confirming own ships static data


Confirm the settings of the static data, using a keystroke of [MENU][3][1]. To show the
next page, press the down arrow key.
We recommend to provide the label carrying MMSI, IMO Number, ships
name and Call Sign on the front panel for easy confirmation.

[OWN STATIC DATA1] !


NAME
:FURUNO

[OWN STATIC DATA2] !"


DISTNATION:
KOBE____ _
___________

C.SIGN :JAA3E
MMSI
:431456789
IMO#
:009254123

DATE
TIME

[OWN STATIC DATA3] !"


DET
: KEY & DISP
DRAUGHT:10.0m
NAV STATUS:00
*****STATUA NAME******
UNDER WAY USING
ENGINE (DEFAULT)

: 12 / 31
: 22 / 00

[OWN STATIC DATA4] !"


CPA
:
6.0 nm
TCPA
:
60 nm
ANT POS
IN
OUT
LENGTH A:100 m
100 m
LENGTH B: 20 m
20 m
LENGTH C: 10 m
7m
LENGTH D: 10 m
13m

[OWN STATIC DATA5] "


CREW :30
TYPE
: 0 CLASS A
*****TYPE NAME******

7-8

7.5 Confirming own ships dynamic data

7.5 Confirming own ships dynamic data


Using a keystroke of [MENU][3][2], confirm own dynamic data. LAT/LON, SOG and
COG data in use are also confirmed whether it is internal or external.
Keystroke: [MENU][3][4].

7.5.1 Own dynamic data ([MENU][3][2])


The own dynamic data window looks like the follow.
[OWN DYNAMIC DATA] #
1/MAY/2002 0:00:00
LAT
: 34 33.0000 N
LON
: 134 11.0000 E
SOG
: 10.0 kt
COG
:120.0 deg
ROT
:010.0 deg/min
HDG
: 100.0 deg

Indicates FA-100 is synchronized


With AIS system.
Blink: Monitoring TX output power
in the RX circuit.

Each data uses the following sentences. SOG and COG use the same sentence.
(1) Date
: ZDA data from internal GPS
(2) LAT/LON : GNS>GLL>GGA>RMC
(3) SOG
: VBW*>RMC >VTG>OSD
(4) COG
: RMC>VTG>OSD
(5) ROT
: ROT (When talker is TI.)
- When no TI ROT data, and HDG data (HDT, OSD and AD format) is available;
When the turn is made 10 degrees per minute or higher, L>(R>)10.0
deg/min is indicated. When the turn is made10 degrees per minute or less,
0.0 deg/min is indicated.
- When no HDG data (HDT, OSD and AD format) is available, ----- appears.
(6) HDG

: HDT>OSD>AD format, ----- means no input.

*:VBW is not used when HDG (HDT and OSD) is not input.
a) COG is calculated based on VBW and HDT when VBW and HDG are input.
b) COG and SOG use RMC (high priority) or VTG when VBW, RMC and VTG are input,
but no HDG.
c) Neither COG nor SOG is indicated when VBW is input, but no HDG, RMC and VTG.

7-9

7.5 Confirming own ships dynamic data

7.5.2 Sensor Status ([MENU][3][4])


The below shows an example of Sensor Status window.
[SENSOR STATUS]
EXTRL GNSS
EXTRL SOG/COG
HDT VALID
ROT VALID

Table 7.5.1 SENSOR STATUS description


Indication

Status

UTC CLOCK LOST

Internal GPS position fix failure

EXTRL DGNSS

External DGNSS

EXTRL GNSS

External GNSS

INTRL DGNSS BEACON

Internal DGPS (connecting BEACON)

INTRL DGNSS MSG 17

Internal GNSS corrected by MSG17

INTRL GNSS

Internal GNSS

EXTRL SOG/COG

SOG/COG from external GNSS

INTRL SOG/COG

SOG/COG from internal GPS

HDT VALID

HDT valid

ROT VALID

ROT valid
ROT calculated from HDT, or ROT of which talker is other
than Turn rate Indicator, TI.
This message appears for about 30 seconds when the
channel in use is changed for an regional operation with
channel management message received.

OTHER ROT
CH MANAGEMENT

7-10

Chapter 8. Test
8.1 Power-on Test
At power-on, the system proceeds the power-on test as below.
1. After power is turned on, the display looks like Fig. 8.1.1. The last-used date and
time are displayed at the lower part of the screen.

FURUNO
P.F TIME
18/MAY/2002
12:10:11

Fig. 8.1.1 First display at power on


2. Next, ROM/RAM test is performed. ROMs and RAMs to be checked are for MAIN,
SUB, H8S1, H8S2 and H8S3 CPUs. The test result is displayed on Memory test
display ([MENU][7][2]).
NOW STARTING
CHECKING

Fig. 8.1.2 ROM/RAM test display


3. If the system detects no error, the plotter display appears. When slot synchronization
is not completed, Please wait!! message appears. The system transmits the AIS
data within 2 minutes. If the transmitter is fault, the error message TX is displayed.

Fig. 8.1.3 Plotter display

8-1

8.1 Power-on Test

BACK UP ERROR
If the test detects low voltage of the back-up battery, the error message shown in Fig.
8.1.4. appears. The static information is back-uped. See page 6-17.
[ERROR]
BACK UP ERROR
ESC : [ENT]

Fig. 8.1.4 BACKUP ERROR window

How to replace back-up battery

Caution!
Take care to avoid short-circuit of the battery. This could create a burn
or fire hazard! Do not dispose of battery in a fire or an incinerator; this
may cause an explosion!
JP-5
(Side B)

Lithium battery:
CR2/3 8LF1ST1SN
(Code: 00014554300)

Fig. 8.1.5 Location of battery


The back-up battery locates on the MPB board. The life of the battery is about five
years. If the battery voltage is 2.5 V or less, it should be replaced with new one. The
jumper block is provided on the battery back-up line. Remove the block before
desoldering the battery and put it again after the new battery is soldered.

Lithium battery

JP-5: Jumper block


Vcc

Fig. 8.1.6 Battery back-up circuit

8-2

8.2 Alarm Indication

8.2 Alarm Indication


When an alarm is triggered, a pop-up window indicating the alarm is displayed. The
alarms being triggered are listed in the Alarm Status menu. To see the list, press
[MENU][3][3]. The alarm in the Alarm status menu disappears when the error is
removed.
[ALARM STATUS]
ANT
16/MAR 6:30:20
EPFS
16/MAR 6:20:10
HDG
16/MAR 6:18:26

Fig. 8.2.1 ALARM STATUS window


The following describes the alarms which appear in Alarm Status window. These
alarm message are also output as ALR sentence and EXTARNAL ALM port is
activated (relay contact).
** Relay contact: 30VDC/1A, 60VDC/0.3A,
125VAC/0.5A. **
1. TX (Tx malfunction)
The system checks MONITOR signal on TDMA PA board. This alarm appears when
the transmission time is longer than the preset time. Transmission stops when this
message is generated.
Possible cause: Defective TDMA PA or MPB board
2. ANT (Antenna VSWR exceeds limit)
The system checks REVERSE signal on TDMA PA board. The alarm appears when
VSWR is more than 3 (more than 25% of return power). The transmission remains
continued when the message is generated.
Possible cause: antenna damage, water leakage into the coaxial cable, poor contact on
the antenna connector or defective TDMA PA board.
3. CH1 (Rx channel 1 malfunction)
The system checks PLL UNLOCK on TDMA RX1 board. This PLL circuit is FR+45
MHz local oscillator circuit. The transmission on the affected channel(CH-A) stops
when this message is generated.
Possible cause: TDMA RX1 board.
4. CH2 (Rx channel 2 malfunction)
The system checks PLL UNLOCK signal on TDMA RX2 board. This PLL circuit is
FR+45.1 MHz local oscillator circuit. The transmission on the affected channel(CH-B)
stops when this message is generated.
Possible cause: TDMA RX2 board.

8-3

8.2 Alarm Indication

5. CH70 (Rx channel 70 malfunction)


This alarm appears when CH70 RCVD signal is output from DSC RX board, but the
signal cannot be decoded successively.
Possible cause: DSC RX board
6. MKD (MKD connection lost)
This alarm appears when the communication between SUB CPU and display circuit
fails. When the communication fails completely, nothing appears on the display.
7. EPFS (External EPFS lost)
This alarm appears when the position data is not input from the external navigational
device, the data is invalid or the data braked more than 5 seconds.
The input sentences of position data are GNS, GLL, GGA and RMC.
8. L/L (No sensor position in use)
This alarm appears when the position data are not input from the external GNSS and
internal GPS or both data are invalid.
The sentences of the position data from external unit are GNS, GLL, GGA and RMC.
The sentence of internal position data is GGA.
9. SOG (No valid SOG information)*
This alarm appears when SOG data is not input or invalid. The SOG data is derived
from VBW, RMC, VTG and OSD.
10. COG (No valid COG information) *
This alarm appears when COG data is not input or invalid. The COG data is derived
from RMC, VTG and OSD.
11. HDG (Heading lost/invalid)
This alarm appears when no heading data is input or the data is invalid. The HDG data
is derived from HDT, OSD and AD format data.
12. ROT (No valid ROT information)
This alarm appears when no TI ROT data, and HDG data (HDT, OSD and AD format)
is available.

*SOG and COG use the same sentence. VBW (including ground speed) is not used
when HDT or OSD is not input.
a) When VBW and HDG input, COG is calculated based on VBW and HDT.
b) When VBW inputs but no HDG, COG and SOG use RMC (high priority) and VTG.
c) When VBW inputs but no HDG, RMC and VTG, neither COG nor SOG is displayed.

8-4

8.2 Alarm Indication

Sensor related message


The acceptable position data are IEC-1162-1 and NMEA 2.0 and after.
Sensor data such as position data, SOG and COG are displayed in OWN DINAMIC
DATA menu ([MENU][3][2]). To find which GNSS (either internal or external) is used,
open SENSER STATUS menu ([MENU][3][4]). Table 8.2.1 lists Sensor status
messages.
Of course, you can disconnect the antenna to find the system operates based on which
position data either internal or external.
Sensor switching
Position sensor is used in the following priority.
External DGNSS>Internal DGPS>External GNSS>Internal GPS
The switching from the lower priority to the higher priority is made in 30 seconds
and the other way is in 5 seconds.

Table 8.2.1 SENSOR STATUS Message


Item
UTC CLOCK LOST
EXTRL DGNSS
EXTRL GNSS
INTRL DGNSS BEACON
INTRL DGNSS MSG 17
INTRL GNSS
EXTRL SOG/COG
INTRL SOG/COG
HDT VALID
ROT VALID
OTHER ROT
CH MANAGEMENT

Status
Internal GPS position fix failure
External DGNSS
External GNSS
Internal DGPS (Connecting BEACON)
Internal GNSS corrected by MSG 17
Internal GNSS
SOG and COG from external GNSS
SOG and COG form internal GPS
HDT valid
ROT valid
Based on HDT information
When changing the channel at regional operation
(Indicating for about 30 seconds)

DTM sentence
The DTM sentence is used to confirm that the position sensor provides position
information in WGS-84 datum.
Table 8.2.2 DTM sentence position
DTM data
Not
Available

GNSS Setting

WGS-84

Available

Other than WGS-84

Position Indication

AIS Position Data

WGS-84

WGS-84

WGS-84

WGS-84
Long.: 181 degrees = not available
Lat.: 91 degrees = not available

(Invalid)

8-5

8.2 Alarm Indication

ROT source
The AIS automatically selects the ROT source with the highest priority available:
TI-ROT(Rate of Turn Indicator) > Other ROT source.
Other ROT source data is based on HDG information. When other data source is in use,
the contents of the ROT field in the AIS data is given in Table 8.2.3.
Table 8.2.3 ROT Indication
ROT change
More than +5 deg/30 sec
Less than +5 deg/30 sec

ROT indication
R (L) > 10.0
0.0 deg/min

Contents of ROT field


+127 deg./min
0.0 deg/min

The ROT indication is blank when the ROT information is not available.

8-6

8.3 DIAGNOSTICS

8.3 DIAGNOSTICS
The system provides a self-test menu. Keystroke: [MENU] [7]. Each test commences
by selecting the item followed by [ENT].
[DIAGNOSTICS]
*1 PROGRAM NO.
2 MEMORY TEST
3 KEY TEST
4 LCD TEST
5 ON/OFF HISTRY
6 GPS TEST
7 FOR SERVICE

Fig. 8.3.1 DIAGNOSTICS display


The Diagnostic menu includes;
1) PROGRAM NO
: Displays the program number.
2) MEMORY TEST
: Checks ROM/RAM for each CPU.
3) KEY TEST
: Used to test all keys.
4) LCD TEST
: Used to test LCD
5) ON/OFF HISTRY
: Displays on/off history.
6) GPS TEST
: Used to test internal GPS
7) FOR SERVICE
: To open this menu, password ([x][x][x][x][x][x]) is needed.
Included are;
(1) TX/RX TEST
(2) SIO TEST
(3) ALARM HISTRY
(4) SET CH&PWR
(5) H8S RESET

8-7

8.3 DIAGNOSTICS

1. PROGRAM NO.
Fig. 8.3.2 shows Program NO. display. See chapter 6 for the function of each CPU.
Press[CLR], shows the program version in detail.
[PROGRAM NO.]
(Program ROM)
MAIN:245-0001-00x -------- U1
SUB :245-0002-00x -------- U11
H8S1:245-0003-001 -------- U20
[CLR]
H8S2:245-0004-001 -------- U21
H8S3:245-0005-001 -------- U22

[PROGRAM NO.]
MAIN:245-0001-00x0x
SUB :245-0002-00x0x
H8S1:245-0003-0010x
H8S2:245-0004-0010x
H8S3:245-0005-0010x

Fig. 8.3.2 PROGRAM NO. display


2. MEMORY TEST
MOMORY TEST display indicates the results of ROM/RAM test after power on.
RAM is checked by reading and writing and ROM is checked by comparing the
checksum with the list. See chapter 6 for how ROM and RAM function.
[MEMORY TEST]
ROM RAM
MAIN : OK OK
SUB
: OK OK
H8S1 : OK OK
H8S2 : OK OK
H8S3 : OK OK

Fig 8.3.3 MEMORY TEST display


3. KEY TEST
Keys are checked on the key test display. For example, when pressing [1], the
corresponding rectangle changes to black for 1 second with a beep sound if the key
works normal by. Change LKY2 board when the test fails. To return to
DIAGNOSTICS display, press [ESC] three times.

Fig. 8.3.4 KEY TEST display

8-8

8.3 DIAGNOSTICS

4. LCD TEST
On this test, LCD TEST is displayed in normal video and reversed video, switching
every second. When the test fails, change LKY2 board. To return to DIAGNOSTICS
display, press [MENU].

[LCD TEST]

[LCD TEST]

Every second

Fig. 8.3.5 LCD TEST display

5. ON/OFF HISTORY
The display lists the power on/off history (25 max.). Time in the ZDA sentence from
the internal GPS is used.
The ON/OFF HISTRY is not recoded when the system is turned off within 15 minutes
after turning on. The ON/OFF HISTRY is recorded when SET CH & PWR
([MENU]-7-7-4) is set to 0W.

[ON/OFF HISTORY]

ON
OFF
ON

17/MAR/2002
8:44:51
17/MAR/2002
7:50:11
17/MAR/2002
6:44:43

Fig. 8.3.6 ON/OFF HISTORY display

8-9

8.3 DIAGNOSTICS

6. GPS TEST
The built-in 12-channel parallel tracking DGPS (Type: GN-79N5A-N) is tested. The
protocol of DGPS beacon signal is RTCM104. The DGPS outputs GPGGA, GPZDA,
GPDTM, GPGSA and GPVTG.
[GPS TEST]

[GPS TEST]
PROGRAM NO.
:4850218
PROGRAM Ver.
:00x
SELF TEST1
:NG
SELF TEST2
:8
**ERROR CONTENTS**
BACK UP

TEST START
PUSH

[ENT]

[ENT]

Fig. 8.3.7 GPS TEST display


Self-test 1 checks contents in the battery-backupped memory. The result of self-test 2
is displayed in a sexadecimal number. Table below describes the numbers.

Table 8.3.1 Internal GPS error code


Error
code
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
Remedy

Parameter back up
error
(BACK UP)

Antenna error
(ANTENNA)

RAM error
(RAM)

ROM error
(ROM)
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Replace the back-up
battery on MPB board
if voltage is 2.5 V or
less.

X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Check the connection
Replace
between antenna unit
GPS
and ANT connector on
board.
GPS board

8-10

X
X
X
Replace
GPS
board.

8.3 DIAGNOSTICS

7. FOR SERVICE
To show FOR SERVICE menu, enter the password ([x][x][x][x][x][x]) followed by
[ENT].

[ENTER PASSWORD]
PASSWORD:

[x][x][x][x][x][x][ENT]

[FOR SERVICE]
1 TX/RX TEST
2 SIO TEST
3 ALARM HISTORY
4 SET CH&PWR
5 H8S RESET

Fig. 8.3.8 FOR SERVICE display

1. TX/RX TEST
See chapter 7 how to use this menu.
2. SIO TEST
This test checks Serial Input and Output circuits. On each port, TX lines are connected to
RX lines to receive own TX data. Transmission speed is selected in IO SPEED menu.
([MENU][6][1][1]).
[SIO TEST]
PCI/O
:
LR
:
SNSR1 :
BCON :
SNSR2 :
EXTRA1 :
SNSR3 :
EXGPS :
EXTRAI/O:
O:OK X:NG :NO CHECK
CHECK : [ENT]

Fig. 8.3.9 SIO TEST display

8-11

AUX-2

8.3 DIAGNOSTICS

Table 8.3.2(a) Short-circuit point for SIO TEST: Old type CB-100(41p)
TEST
item

Connec
tor

Pins to be jumpered

#31 (TD8A)
PC I/O* CB-100 #32 (TD8B)
#36 (TD)
SNSR
#11 (TD1A)
CB-100
1
#12 (TD1B)
SNSR
#6 (TD2A)
CB-100
2
#7 (TD2B)
#1 (TD3A)
SNSR
CB-100
3
#2 (TD3B)

#33 (RD8A)
#34 (RD8B)
#37 (RD)
#13 (RD1A)
#14 (RD1B)
#8 (RD2A)
#9 (RD2B)
#3 (RD3A)
#4 (RD3B)

TEST
Connec
Pins to be jumpered
tor
item
#26 (TD6A)
#28 (RD6A)
EXTRA
CB-100
1
#27 (TD6B)
#29 (RD6B)
#21 (TD4A)
#23 (RD4A)
LR
CB-100
#22 (TD4B)
#24 (RD4B)
#16 (TD5A)
#18 (RD5A)
BCON CB-100
#17 (TD5B)
#19 (RD5B)
XTRA
J2 #1 (TD7)
#3 (RD7A)
J2
I/O
J2 #2 (TD7)
#4 (RD7B)
J5 #1
#3 (RA)
EX GPS
(TA)
J5
(AUX-2)
J5 #2
#4 (RB)
(TB)

* RS-232C and RS-422 lines on the PC I/O port are checked individually.

Table 8.3.2(b) Short-circuit point for SIO TEST: New type CB-100(48p)
TEST
item

Connec
tor

Pins to be jumpered

#37 (TD8A)
PC I/O* CB-100 #38 (TD8B)
#43 (TD)
SNSR
#13 (TD1A)
CB-100
1
#14 (TD1B)
SNSR
#7 (TD2A)
CB-100
2
#8 (TD2B)
#1 (TD3A)
SNSR
CB-100
3
#2 (TD3B)

#40 (RD8A)
#41 (RD8B)
#44 (RD)
#16 (RD1A)
#17 (RD1B)
#10 (RD2A)
#11 (RD2B)
#4 (RD3A)
#5 (RD3B)

TEST
Connec
Pins to be jumpered
tor
item
#31 (TD6A)
#34 (RD6A)
EXTRA
CB-100
1
#32 (TD6B)
#35 (RD6B)
#25 (TD4A)
#28 (RD4A)
LR
CB-100
#26 (TD4B)
#29 (RD4B)
#19 (TD5A)
#22 (RD5A)
BCON CB-100
#20 (TD5B)
#23 (RD5B)
J2 #1 (TD7)
#3 (RD7A)
XTRA
J2
I/O
J2 #2 (TD7)
#4 (RD7B)
J5 #1
#3 (RA)
(TA)
EX GPS
J5
(AUX-2)
J5 #2
#4 (RB)
(TB)

* RS-232C and RS-422 lines on the PC I/O port are checked individually.

8-12

8.3 DIAGNOSTICS

3. ALARM HISTORY
Alarms being generated are listed up to 25 alarms.
[ALARM HISTORY]
ANT
16/MAR 6:30:20
EPFS
16/MAR 6:20:10
HDG
16/MAR 6:18:26

Power ON

Power OFF

Power OFF

Errors occurred during this period are


memorized and displayed in Alarm
History menu.

Fig. 8.3.10 ALARM HISTORY display

4. SET CH&PWR
See chapter 7 how to use this menu. Set CH SET to AUTO for normal operation. If
MANUAL is selected, settings on this menu are used for regional operation.
[SET CH&PWR]
*POWER : 12.5W
CH-NO. CH-A : 2087
CH-B : 2088
MODE : CH-A : TX/RX
CH-B : TX/RX
CH SET : AUTO

+/-

+/+/-

Fig. 8.3.11 SET CH&PWR display

5. H8S RESET
This menu is used when updating system program for H8S CPUs. See chapter 5 for
details.

[H8S LOADER RESET]

[H8S RESET]
[ENT]

H8S1 RESET
H8S2 RESET
H8S3 RESET

H8S x

PROGRAM

LOADING

Note:
To close this menu, turn off the
unit and on it again.

Fig. 8.3.12

8-13

8.4 Factory Reset (Memory clear)

8.4 Factory Reset (Memory clear)


This resets all values back to their original factory settings.
CAUTION: The factory-reset clears all data in the memory except for MMSI and
IMO number. The built-in GPS data is also erased.
1. While holding down [CLR], turn on the unit. Keep pressing [CLR] until
COMPLETE message appears. The display changes as below.

NOW STARTINGo o o
CHECKING MEMORY

FURUNO
P.F TIME
18/MAR/2002
12:12:11

Fig. 8.4.1 Power on display

COMPLETE

Fig. 8.4.2 Memory check display

2. Release [CLR], and the plotter display appears.


3. Make settings in INTI SETTING and SYSTEM SETTING menus.

8-14

8.5 Error message list

8.5 Error message list


The table below lists error messages which the system generates.
Table 8.5.1(a) Error message
When
Any time
At power on

[MENU] 3-3:
ALARM
STATUS

[MENU]1:
TERGET DATA

[MENU]2:
PLOTTER

Error message
BATTERY ERROR!
BACKUP ERROR!
ENTER MMSI!
TX (Tx malfunction)
ANT (Antenna VSWR exceeds limit)
CH1 (Rx channel 1 malfunction)
CH2 (Rx channel 2 malfunction)
CH70 (Rx channel 70 malfunction)
MKD (MKD connection lost)
EPFS (External EPFS lost)
L/L (No sensor position in use)
SOG (No valid SOG information)
COG (No valid COG information)
HDG (Heading lost/invalid)
ROT (No valid ROT information)

Meaning
Low battery voltage
Flat battery or data in RAM erased
MMSI is not registered.

NO SEL. SHIP RENEW AGAIN

Target which has no data is selected.

CANT DISPLAY OVER LAT85


PLEASE WAIT!
CANT DISPLAY INVALID DATA

Own ships position is 85 Lat. or more.


Slot synchronization is not completed.
Own ships position data is invalid.
MMSI is not registered in
ADDDRESS-CAST menu.
Factory- default of MMSI is 000000000.
Slot synchronization is not completed.
No massage to be sent is selected.
Transmission fails.
(SUB SPU receives TX data from MAIN
CPU normally, but this process fails.)
The message is not received by the
called station, or calling station receives
no ACK.

NO MMSI!

[MENU]4-1-3:
SEND MSG

SYNCHRONIZ CANT BE TAKEN


NO MESSAGE!
SEND FAILED!

UNSUCCESSFUL!
[MENU]4-2:
XMIT MSG(S)

See pages 8-3 to 8-4 for details.

The selected message contains no


data.

NO MESSAGE!
[MENU]4-3:
RCVD MSG(S)

(contd)

8-15

8.5 Error message list

Table 8.5.1(b) Error message


When
[MENU]5-1:
SET SHIP
DATA
[MENU]5-2:
SET
DESTINATION
[MENU]5-4:
SET
TYPE&CREW
[MENU]5-5:

Error message

Meaning

OUT OF RANGE !:
DRAUGHT:0-25.5
OUT OF RANGE! MONTH:1-12
OUT OF RANGE !:
DAY:1-29/30/31
OUT OF RANGE !:HOUR:0-23
OUT OF RANGE !: MINUTE:0-59
OUT OF RANGE !: CREW:0-8191

OUT OF RANGE !:CAP:0-6.00


OUT OF RANGE !:TCPA:0-60
OUT OF RANGE !: LENGTH
A:0-511
OUT OF RANGE !: LENGTH
[MENU]5-6:
B:0-511
SET ANTENNA
OUT OF RANGE !: LENGTH
POS
C:0-63
OUT OF RANGE !: LENGTH
D:0-63
[MENU]7-7:
FOR SERVICE
PASSWORD IS INCORRECT!
MMSI/IMO
input window

The entered value is out of the


selectable range.

SET CPA/TCPA

[MENU]6-1-3:
I/O PRIORTY

OUT OF RANGE !: PRIORITY:1-7

CAN NOT INPUT SAME VALUE!


OUT OF RANGE !: IP PARTS:
[MENU]6-1-4:
0-255
SET LAN
OUT OF RANGE !: NET MASK
(IP ADRS)
PARTS:0-255
[MENU]7-7-4:
OUT OF RANGE !: CH-A: IT
SET CH&PWR Does not EXIST
[MENU]6-2-2:
CHANNEL
EDIT
[MENU]6-2-2:
CHANNEL
EDIT
[MENU]6-4:
SET OTHER
I/O

OUT OF RANGE !: CH-B: IT


Does not EXIST

The entered password is incorrect.

The entered value is out of the


selectable range.
The priority selection is duplicate.
The entered value is out of the
selectable range.
Channel A does not exit.

Channel B does not exit.

ERROR REGIST

The entered value is out of the


selectable range.
The data being entered is a duplication.

OUT OF RANGE !: ROT


CYCLE: 1-10

The entered value is out of selectable


range.

OUT OF RANGE !:ZONE: 1-8

8-16

Chapter 9. AIS System


9.1 General
The shipborne AIS continuously broadcasts the ships information to other ships and
VTS stations; continuously receive the information from other ships and VTS stations;
and displays the data. The AIS data can also be displayed on a radar/ARPA screen and
in ECDIS.

9.1.1 Information sent by ships


The AIS information transmitted by a ship is of four different types;
1) Static information which includes the ships name and MMSI number;
2) Dynamic information which includes the course, speed and position input from the
GNSS sensor;
3) Voyage related information which might need to be manually entered and updated
during the voyage; and
4) Safety related message.
Details of the information referred to above are given in table 9.1.1 below.
Table 9.1.1 Information contents
Static information
(Transmitted in;
Message 5)
MMSI
Call sign
Ships name
IMO number
Ships length and width
Ship type
Antenna position for
positioning

Dynamic
information
(Transmitted in;
Message 1, 2 and 3)
Position (WGS-84)
UTC
Location accuracy
Ground speed, course
Forward direction
Rate of turn (ROT)

Voyage related
information
(Transmitted in;
Message 5)
Draught
Danger loading

Destination and
arrival time

Safety related massage


(Transmitted in; Message
12 and 14)

Free format short text


message
(If necessary)

Voyage status

The static information is entered in to the AIS on installation and need only be changed
if the ship changes its name or undergoes a major conversion from one ship type to
another.

The data is broadcasted automatically at a different update rates.


-Static information:
-Dynamic information:
-Voyage related information:
-Safety related massage:

Every 6 minutes or on request.


Dependent on speed and course alteration
according to table 9.1.2.
Every 6 minutes or, when data has been
amended, or on request.
As required.

9-1

9.1 General

Table 9.1.2 Reporting rate


Ships Dynamic Conditions
Ship at anchor or moored and not moving faster than 3 knots
Ship at anchor or moored and moving faster than 3 knots
Ship 0-14 knots
Ship 0-14 knots and changing coursenote-1)
Ship 14-23 knots
Ship 14-23 knots and changing course note-1)
Ship > 23 knots
Ship > 23 knots and changing course note-1)

Nominal Reporting
Interval
3 minutes
10 seconds
10 seconds
3 1/3 seconds
6 seconds
2 seconds
2 seconds
2 seconds

Note-1) changing course: When the heading data is changed more than 10 deg./min.
Note-2) The time for changing the report rate is as follows.
- When the ships speed is up: about 1 minute
- When the ships speed is down: 3 to 4 minutes

Safety-related messages
Short safety-related messages are fixed or free format text messages addressed either to
a specified destination (MMSI) or all ships in the area. Their content should be relevant
to the safety of navigation, e.g. an iceberg sighted or a buoy not on station. Messages
should be kept as short as possible. The system allows up to 158 characters per message
but the shorter the message the easier it will find free space for transmission. At present,
these messages are not further regulated, to keep all possibilities open.

9.1.2 Components
In general, an AIS consists of;
1) one VHF antenna
2) one GPS antenna
3) two multi-channel VHF receivers
4) one channel 70 VHF receiver for channel management
5) a central processing unit (CPU)
6) GNSS (GPS) receiver
7) interfaces to heading and speed devices and to other shipborne sensors
8) interfaces to radar/Automatic Radar Plotting Aids (ARPA), Electronic Chart
System/Electronic Chart Display and Information System (ECS/ECDIS) and
Integrated Navigation Systems (INS)
9) BIIT (Built In Integrity Test)
10) display and keyboard to input and retrieve data

9-2

9.1 General

Fig.9.1.1 shows the block diagram of AIS.

Figure 9.1.1 Block diagram of AIS


The AIS interface comprises the data ports as shown in Fig. 9.1.2. The input port of the
sensor data is configurable to either IEC 61162-1 or IEC 61162-2. The sensor data uses
the formats described in IEC 61162-1. As a minimum, the required IEC 61162-1
sentences listed in table 9.1.3.
Table 9.1.3 Requested IEC 61162-1 sentences
Data
Reference datum
Positioning system
SOG (Speed Over Ground)
COG (Course Over Ground)
Heading
RAIM (Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring)
indicator
ROT (Rate of Turn)

9-3

Required

Optional

DTM
GNS, GLL
VBW
RMC
HDT

GGA, RMC
VTG, OSD, RMC
VTG, OSD
OSD

GBS
ROT

9.1 General

Figure. 9.1.2 AIS interface overview

9-4

9.1 General

9.1.3 Technology behind AIS


The AIS transponder uses 9.6 kbps Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying (GMSK) FM
modulation over 25 or 12.4 kHz channels defined by ITU-R Rec. 1084-2 and Appendix
S18 of the RR, using HDLC (High-Level Data Link Control) packet protocols. Each
station transmits and receives over two radio channels to avoid interference problems,
and to be shifted without communications loss from other ships. These channels are
allocated to the international channel and regional frequency.
- AIS1: 161.975 MHz (CH87B, 2087)
- AIS2: 162.025 MHz (CH88B, 2088)
- Regional frequency (156.025 MHz to162.025 MHz)
The operation of the regional frequency is assigned to 20 to 200 NM rectangle area. The
operation on these channels is accomplished by the following means:
- VHF DSC (CH70) commands from a base station
- TDMA (AIS message) commands from a base station
- Commands from shipborne systems, for example, ECDIS
- Manual input commands
The AIS transponder handles approximately 2,250 reports per minute and updates as
often as every two seconds. It uses Self-Organizing Time Division Multiple Access
(SOTDMA) technology to meet high broadcast rate and ensure reliable ship-to-ship and
ship-to-shore operation. The system includes a digital selective calling (DSC) radio for
channel management.
The table below summarizes the technical specification of AIS VHF radio link.
Table 9.1.4 Link list
Parameter
Regional frequencies (RR AP18)
Channel spacing
AIS1 frequency (CH87B, 2087)
AIS2 frequency (CH88B, 2088)
Narrow (12.5 kHz)
Bandwidth
Wide (25 kHz)
Bit rate
Bit per 1 slot
Modulation type
Frequency deviation
Transmit output power

Description
156.025 MHz to 162.025 MHz
12.5 kHz/25 kHz (Used in international sea
area)
161.975 MHz
162.025 MHz
TX BT=0.3 Rx BT=0.3/0.5
modulation index =0.25
TX BT=0.4 Rx BT=0.5
modulation index =0.5
9600 bps
256 bits
GMSK (Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying)
With in +3 ppm
12.5 W /2 W +20%

BT: Bandwidth Time Product

9-5

9.1 General

GMSK
Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying (GMSK), a modification of MSK is a simple yet
effective approach to digital modulation for wireless data transmission. MSK can be
thought of as the output of an FM modulator with an NRZ (Non-Return to Zero) pulse
train input. In GMSK, this modulation method is modified by filtering the NRZ pulse
train with an Gaussian low pass filter. A filter used to reduce the bandwidth of a
baseband pulse train prior to modulation is called a premodulation filter. The Gaussian
premodulation filter smoothes the phase trajectory of the MSK signal thus limiting the
instantaneous frequency variations. The result is an FM modulated signal with a much
narrow bandwidth. Figure 9.1.3 shows a simplified block diagram of the GMSK FM
modulator.
In the AIS transponder, the Non-Return to Zero Inverted (NRZI) encoded transmitting
data is GMSK coded before frequency modulation.

Fig. 9.1.3 GMSK

GMSK is used extensively in second generation digital cellular and cordless telephone
applications.
- GSM digital cellular (Global System for Mobile communication)
- DECT cordless telephone (Digital European Cordless Telecommunication)

BT Product
As GMSK is a filtered version of MSK, this introduces variable that can be used to
describe the exact nature of the GMSK modulation.This variable is referred to as the BT,
B is the 3 dB point of the Gaussian filter, and T is the bit duration. Therefore a BT of
infinity would relate to MSK. The smaller the BT the smaller the spectral density
however this comes at a tradeoff of increased inter-symbol interference. This is because
by smoothing the edges of the bit pulses they begin to overlap each other. The greater
the smoothing, the greater the overlapping, until eventually individual bits may be
undetectable.

9-6

9.1 General

9.1.4 Message structure


9.1.4.1. Slot
The AIS system uses TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) technology or the
concept of a frame. A frame equals to 1 minute and is divided into 2250 slots. Access to
the data link is, by default, given at the start of a slot. The frame start and stop coincide
with the UTC minute from the built-in GNSS receiver. 2 channels on the AIS
transponder provide 4500 slots per minute. A station can occupy at maximum five
consecutive slots for one continuous transmission. Only a single application of the
overhead (ramp up, training sequence, flags, FCS, buffering) is required for a long
transmission packet.

Fig. 9.1.4 Slot structure


Slot State
Each slot can be in one of the following states:
FREE:
meaning that the slot is unused within the receiving range of the own station. Externally
Allocated slots that have not been used during the preceding 3 frames are also FREE
slots. This slot may be considered as a candidate slot for use by own station;
INTERNAL ALLOCATION:
meaning that the slot is allocated by own station and can be used for transmission;
EXTERNAL ALLOCATION:
meaning that the slot is allocated for transmission by another station and cannot be used
by own station;
AVAILABLE:
meaning that the slot is externally allocated by a distant station and is a possible
candidate for slot reuse.

9-7

9.1 General

Transmission timing
Fig.9.1.5 shows the timing events of the default transmission packet (one slot). At the
situation where the ramp down of the RF power overshoots into the next slot, there
should be no modulation of the RF after the termination of transmission. This prevents
undesired interference, due to false locking of receiver modems, with the succeeding
transmission in the next slot.

Fig. 9.1.5 Transmission timing


Should a transmission end exactly at the beginning of the next slot, the TX-down period
for station A will overlap into the next slot as shown in Fig. 9.1.5. Transmission of the
training sequence is not impaired by this. This occasion would be extremely rare, due to
the large buffer and it would occur only in the event of a propagation anomaly. Even in
this case, the operation of the AIS is not impaired due to the range discrimination
characteristics of the receiver.
Table 9.1.5 Transmission timing
T (n)
Time (ms)
T0 0.000
TTS 0.832
T1 1.000
T2

3.328

Ts

4.160

T3

24.128

T4
T5

T3+1.000
26.670

Description
Slot start. RF power is applied.
Beginning of training sequence.
RF power and frequency stabilization time.
Start of transmission packet (Start flag). This event can be used as a
secondary synchronization source should the primary source (UTC) be lost.
Slot phase synchronization marker. End of start flag, beginning of data.
End of transmission, assuming zero bit stuffing. No modulation is applied.
Incase of a shorter data block, the transmission should end earlier.
The time when RF power should have reached zero.
End of slot. Beginning of next slot.

9-8

9.1 General

9.1.4.2. Packet format


Data is transferred using a transmission packet as shown in Fig. 9.1.6. The packet
should be sent from left to right. This structure is identical to the general HDLC
structure, except for the training sequence. The total length of the default packet is 256
bits. This is equivalent to one slot.
Training Seq.

Start flag

Data

FCS

End Flag

Buffer

Fig. 9.1.6 Packet format


The table below summarizes the data packet.
Table 9.1.6 Packet description
Item

Bit

Description

Ramp up (Tx)

8 bit

Training sequence

24 bit

Start flag

8 bit

T0 to T1 in Fig. 9.1.5.
Necessary for synchronization
A bit pattern consisting of alternating 0s and 1s
(0101010...).
Detecting the start of a transmission packet, 8 bit long
(01111110).
Default
Transmission of data, which occupy more than 168 bits.
Using the Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) 16-bit
polynomial to calculate the checksum.
Same as Start flag.
A bit pattern: 01111110, identical to start flag.
For preserving integrity on TDMA data link.
Bit stuffing (4bit), Distance delays (12bit),
Repeater (2bit) delay and jitter (6bit).

Data
(Long transmission packets)
FCS
(Frame Check Sequence)

168 bit
16 bit

End flag

8 bit

Buffering

24 bit

Total

256 bit

Distance delay
A buffer value of 12 bits is reserved for distance delay. This is equivalent to 202.16
nautical miles (nm). This distance delay provides protection for a propagation range of
over 100 nm.

9-9

9.1 General

9.1.5 Network Entry


9.1.5.1. Initialization Phase
A station performs initializaton phase to operate in the autonomous and continuous
mode.

Fig. 9.1.7 Access to network


Monitor VHF data link (VDL)
At power on, a station monitors the TDMA channel for one minute interval to determine
channel activity, other participating member IDs, current slot assignments and reported
positions of other users, and possible existence of base stations. During this time period,
a dynamic directory of all members operating in the system is established. A frame map
is constructed, which reflects TDMA channel activity.
Network entry after one minute
After one minute interval has elapsed, the station enters the network and starts to
transmit according to its own schedule.
During the network entry phase, the station selects its first slot for transmission in order
to make itself visible to other participating stations. The first transmission is always the
special position report (Message 3).

9-10

9.1 General

9.1.5.2. Access to data link


There should be four different access schemes for controlling access to the data transfer
medium. The application and mode of operation determine the access scheme to be used.
The access schemes operate continuously, and in parallel, on the same physical data link.
Slots, used for transmission, are selected from candidate slots in the selection interval
(SI). There should always be at minimum four candidate slots to choose from unless the
number of candidate slots is otherwise restricted due to loss of position information.
When no candidate slot is available, the use of the current slot is allowed.
(1) ITDMA (Incremental Time Division Multiple Access)
The ITDMA access scheme allows a station to pre-announce transmission slots of
non-repeatable character, with one exception: during data link network entry, ITDMA
slots is marked so that they are reserved for one additional frame. This allows a station
to pre-announce its allocations for autonomous and continuous operation.
ITDMA should be used on three occasions:
1) Data link network entry
2) Temporary changes and transition in periodical report rates
3) Pre-announcement of safety related messages
Table 9.1.7 lists the parameters to control ITDMA scheduling.
Table 9.1.7 ITDMA parameter
Symbol

Name

Description

Slot
Min. Max.

The slot increment is used to allocate a slot ahead in


the frame. It is a relative offset from the current
0
transmission slot. If it is set to zero, no more ITDMA
allocations should be done.
LME.
Number of Indicates the number of consecutive slots, which are
1
ITSL
Slot
allocated, starting at the slot increment.
This flag should be set to TRUE when the present
LME.
slot(s) should be reserved in the next frame also. The False
Keep flag
ITKP
keep flag is set to FALSE when the allocated slot
=0
should be freed immediately after transmission.
LME: Link Management Entry
LME.
ITINC

Slot
increment

9-11

8191

5
True
=1

9.1 General

(2) RATDMA (Random Access Time Division Multiple Access)


Used when a station needs to allocate a slot, which has not been pre-announced. This is
generally done for the first transmission slot during data link network entry, or for
messages of a non-repeatable character.
Table 9.1.8 lists the parameters to control RATDMA scheduling.
Table 9.1.8 RATDMA parameter
Symbol
LME.
RTCSC
LME.
RTES
LME.
RTPRI

LME.
RTPS

LME.
RTP1
LME.
RPT2
LME.
RTA
LME.
RTPI

Name

Description

The number of slots currently available in the


Candidate
candidate set. The initial value is always 4 or more.
slot counter However, during the cycle of the p-persistent
algorithm the value may be seduced below 4.
Defined as the slot number of the last slot in the initial
End slot
Selection Interval (SI), which is 150 slots ahead.
The priority that the transmission has when queuing
messages. The priority is highest, when LME. RTPRI
Priority
is lowest. Safety related messages should have
highest service priority.
Each time a new message is due for transmission,
LME. RTP2 should be set equal to LME. RTPS. LME.
Start
RTPS shall be equal to 100/LME. RTCSC.
probability
Note: LME.RTCSC is set to 4 or more initially.
Therefore LME. RTPS has a maximum value of 25
(100/4).
Calculated probability for transmission in the next
Derived
candidate slot. It should be less than or equal to LME.
RTP2 for transmission to occur, and it should be
probability
randomly selected for each transmission attempt.
Current
probability

The current probability that a transmission will occur


in the next candidate slot.

Initial value set to 0. This value is incremented by one


Number of
each time the p-persistent algorithm determines that
attempt
a transmission shall not occur.
Each time the algorithm determines that transmission
Probability should not occur, LME. RTP2 should be incremented
increment
with LME. RTP1. LME. RTP1 shall be equal to
(100-LME. RTP2)/LME. RTCSC.

Slot
Min. Max.
1

150

2249

25

100

LME.
RTP
S

100

149

25

Messages, which use the RATDMA access scheme, are stored in a priority FIFO. When a candidate
slot is detected, the station randomly select a probability value (LME. RTP1) between 0 and 100.
This value should be compared with the current probability for transmission (LME. RTP2). If
LME.RTP1 is equal to, or less than LME.RTP2, transmission should occur in the candidate slot. If
not, LME.RTP2 should be incremented with a probability increment (LME.RTP1) and the station
should wait for the next candidate slot in the frame.

9-12

9.1 General

The Selection Interval (SI) for RATDMA should be 150 time slots, which is equivalent to 4 seconds.
The candidate slot set should be chosen within the SI, so that the transmission occurs within 4
seconds.
Each time that a candidate slot is entered the p-persistent algorithm is applied. If the algorithm
determines that a transmission shall be inhibited, then the parameter LME.RTCSC is decremented by
one and LME.RTA is incremented by one.
LME.RTCSC can also be decremented as a result of another station allocating a slot in the candidate
set. If LME.RTCSC+LME.RTA<4 than the candidate set shall be complemented with a new slot
within the range of the current slot and LME.RTES following the slot selection criteria.

(3) FATDMA (Fixed Access Time Division Multiple Access)


Used by base stations only. FATDMA allocated slots are used for repetitive messages.
Table 9.1.9 lists the parameters to control FATDMA scheduling.
Table 9.1.9 FATDMA parameter
Symbol

Name

LME.
FTST

Start slot

LME.
FTI

Increment

LME.
FTBS

Block size

Description
The first slot (referenced to frame start) to be used by
the station.
Increment to next block of allocated slots.
An increment of zero indicates that the station
transmits one time per frame, in the start slot.
Default block size. Determines the default number of
consecutive slots which are to be reserved at each
increment.

Slot
Min. Max.
0

2249

1125

Each allocation should be pre-configured by the competent authority, and not changed for the
duration of the operation of the station or, until re-configured. Except where the time out value is
otherwise determined, receivers of FATDMA messages should set a timeout value of 3 minutes in
order to determine when the FATDMA slot will become free. The 3-minute time out should be reset
with each reception of the message.

(4) SOTDMA (Self-Organizing Time Division Multiple Access),


The SOTDMA access scheme should be used by mobile stations operating in
autonomous and continuous mode. The purpose of the access scheme is to offer an
access algorithm which quickly resolves conflicts without intervention from controlling
stations. Messages which use the SOTDMA access scheme are of a repeatable character
and are used in order to supply a continuously updated surveillance picture to other
users of the data link.

9-13

9.1 General

Table 9.1.10 lists the parameters to control SOTDMA scheduling.


Table 9.1.10 SOTDMA parameter
Symbol Name

NSS

Nominal start
slot

NS

Nominal slot

NI

Nominal
increment

Rr

Report rate

SI

Selection
interval

NTS
TMO
MIN
TMO
MAX

Description

Slot
Min. Max.

This is the first slot used by a station to announce


itself on the data link. Other repeatable transmissions
are generally selected with the NSS as a reference.
When transmissions with the same reporting rate (Rr)
0
are made using two channels (A and B), the NSS
for the second channel (B) is offset from the first
channels NSS by NI:
NSSB=NSSA+NI
The nominal slot is used as the center around which
slots are selected for transmission of position reports.
For the first transmission in a frame, the NSS and NS
are equal. The NS when using only one channel is:
NS=NS+(nxNI) ; (0<n<Rr)
When transmissions are made using two channels
0
(A and B), the slot separation between the normal
slots on each channel is doubled and offset by NI:
NSA=NSSA+(nx2xNI);
where(0<n<0.5xRr)
NSB=NSSA+NI+(nx2xNI);
where(0<n<0.5xRr)
The nominal increment is given in number of slots
75
and is derived using the equation below:
(4)
NI=2250/Rr
This is the desired number of position reports per
2
minute.
(1)(2)
The selection interval is the collection of slots which
can be candidates for position reports. The SI is 0.2x
derived using the equation below:
NI
SI=[NS-(0.1xNI) ~ NS+(0.1xNI)]

2249

2249

1125
30
(3)
0.2x
NI

Normal
transmutation
slot

The slot, within a selection interval, currently used for


transmissions within that interval.

2249

Min. time-out

The minimum SOTDMA slot time out.

Max. Time-out

The maximum SOTDMA slot time out.

1) When a station uses a report rate of less than two reports per minute, ITDMA allocations should
be used.
2) Also when operating in the assigned mode using SOTDMA
3) 60 reports per minute when operating in the assigned mode using SOTDMA
4) 37.5 when operating in the assigned mode using report rate assignment: 45 when operating in
the assigned mode using slot increment assignment and SOTDMA CommState

9-14

9.1 General

9.1.5.3. Modes of Operation


There should be three modes of operation. The default mode should be autonomous and
may be switched to/from other modes as required by a competent authority.
1) Autonomous and continuous
A station operating autonomously determines its own schedule for transmission. The
station autonomously resolves scheduling conflicts with other stations.
2) Assigned
A station operating in the assigned mode uses a transmission schedule assigned by a
competent authoritys base station.
3) Polled
A station operating in the polled mode automatically responds to Interrogation messages
(Message 15) from a ship or competent authority. Operation in the polled mode should
not conflict with operation in the other two modes. The response should be transmitted
on the channel where the Interrogation message was received.

9.1.5.4. Message structure


Messages, which are part of the access schemes, have the following structure as shown
in Fig. 9.1.8: Preamble, Start flag, Data, FCS, End flag and Buffering.
SOTDMA message structure
The SOTDMA access scheme is used by mobile stations operating in autonomous and
continuous mode, or in the assigned mode. See Fig. 9.1.8. for message structure. The
user ID is the MMSI.

- MSG ID: Message type


- User ID: MMIS

Fig. 9.1.8 SOTDMA message structure


The Communication State provides the following functions:
1) It contains information used by the slot allocation algorithm in the SOTDMA
concept.
2) It also indicates the synchronization state.

9-15

9.1 General

Table 9.1.11 SOTDMA Communication State


Parameter

Number
of bits

Sync state

Slot
Time-out

Sub
message

14

Description
0: UTC Direct
1: UTC Indirect
2: Station is synchronized to a Base station (Base direct).
3: Station is synchronized to another station based on the highest
number of received stations or to another mobile station, which is
directly synchronized to a base station.
Specifies frames remaining until a new slot is selected.
0: means that this was the last transmission in this slot.
1-7: means that 1 to 7 frames respectively area left until slot change.
The sub message depends on the current value in slot time-out.
Slot
Sub
Description
Time-Out message
Number of other stations (not own station)
Received
3.5.7
which the station currently is receiving (between
stations
0 and 16383)
Slot
Slot number used for this transmission
2,4,6
number (between 0 and 2249).
UTC
If the station has access to UTC, the hour and
1
hour and
minute should be indicated in this sub message.
minute
If the Slot Time-Out value is 0 then the slot
offset should indicate the offset to the slot in
Slot
0
which transmission will occur during next frame.
offset
If the slot offset is zero, the slot should be deallocated after transmission.

ITDMA message structure


The ITDMA scheme allows a station to pre-announce transmission slots of
non-repeatable character. The Communication State provides the following functions:
1) It contains information used by the slot allocation algorithm in the ITDMA concept.
2) It also indicates the synchronization state.
- MSG ID: Message type
- User ID: MMIS

Fig. 9.1.9 ITDMA message structure

9-16

9.1 General

Table 9.1.12 ITDMA Communication State


Parameter

Number
of bits

Sync state 2

Slot
13
increment
Number of
3
slots
Keep flag 1

Description
0: UTC Direct
1: UTC Indirect
2:Station is synchronized to a Base station (Base direct)
3: Station is synchronized to another station base on the highest
Number of received stations or to another mobile station, which is
directly synchronized to a base station.
Offset to next to be used, or zero if no more transmissions.
Number of consecutive slots to allocate (0 = 1 slot, 1 = 2 slot, 2 = 3
slot, 4 = 5 slot)
Set to TRUE (= 1) if the slot remains allocated for one additional frame.

RATDMA message structure


The RATDMA access scheme uses message structure determined by message ID and
thus lacks a uniform structure.
FATDMA message structure
The FATDMA access scheme uses message structure determined by message ID and
thus lacks a uniform structure.

9-17

9.2 Channel Management

9.2 Channel Management


9.2.1 Dual Channel Operation
The AIS operates on two channels, AIS 1 and AIS 2 generally. However, operation on
other channels is carried out by the following means:
- Manual input commands (manual switching) from AIS input device
- TDMA commands from a base station
(automatic switching by TDMA telecommand)
- DSC commands from a base station
(automatic switching by DSC telecommand)
- Commands from shipborne systems, e.g. ECDIS or ENC
(automatic switching by shipborne system command)
The last eight (8) received regional operating settings including the region itself are
stored by the mobile station.
Regional operating frequencies
Regional operating frequencies are designated by the four-digit channel numbers
specified in Recommendation ITU-R M.1084, Annex 4.
The channel number designates the use of the channel (simplex, duplex, 25 kHz and
12.5 kHz).
Regional operating areas
Regional operating areas are designated by a Mercator projection rectangle with two
reference points (WGS-84). The first reference point is the geographical coordinate
address of the northeastern corner (to the nearest tenth of a minute) and the second
reference point is the geographical coordinate address of the southwestern corner (to the
nearest tenth of a minute) of the rectangle.
When a station is subject to the regional boundaries, it immediately sets the operating
frequency channel numbers, the Tx/Rx mode and the power level to the values as
commanded. When a station is not subject to the regional boundaries, the station utilizes
the default settings as below.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

Power setting
: 12.5 W
Operating frequency channel number: AIS 1 and AIS 2
Tx/Rx Mode
: Tx/Rx
Narrowband Mode : 25 kHz
Transition Zone
: 5 nm

9-18

9.2 Channel Management

9.2.2 Transitional Mode Operations


The AIS automatically switches to the two-channel transitional operating mode when it
is located within five nautical miles of a regional boundary. In this mode the AIS
transmits and receives on the primary AIS frequency specified for the occupied region
and also transmits and receives on the primary AIS frequency of the nearest adjacent
region.
When the AIS is entering the transitional mode, it continues to utilize the current
channels for transmitting for a full one-minute frame while switching one of the
receivers to the new channel. The TDMA access rules is applied to vacating slots on the
current channel and accessing slots on the new channel. This transitional behavior is
made only when the channels are changing.
Regions are no smaller than 20 nautical miles but not larger than 200 nautical miles on
any boundary side. Fig. 9.2.1 shows an example of regional boundary definition. No
definition like Fig. 9.2.2 exists.

Region A
Region C

Region B

Region D

Region A

Region B

Region C

Region D

Fig 9.2.2

Fig 9.2.1

Example of transitional mode operation is shown in Fig. 9.2.3. The table


9.2.1 shows the channels assigned for each region.

Region 2
1

9 8

Region 1
6

3 2 1

Transitional zone 3 Transitional zone 2


Transitional zone 1

Fig. 9.2.3 Transitional mode operations

Table 9.2.1
Region 1
Region 2
Default region

Primary channel
CH A 1
CH A 2
AIS 1 (CH 2087)

9-19

Secondary channel
CH B 1
CH B 2
AIS 2 (CH 2088)

9.2 Channel Management

When passing through the area, the AIS uses the channels in table 9.2.2.
Table. 9.2.2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1

Area
Default area
Transitional zone 1
Transitional zone 2
Region 1
Transitional zone 2
Transitional zone 3
Region 2
Transitional zone 3
Transitional zone 1
Default area

Channel in use
AIS-1, AIS-2
AIS-1, CH A-1
CH A-1, AIS-1
CH A-1, CH B-1
CH A-1, CH A-2
CH A-2, CH A-1
CH A-2, CH B-2
CH A-2, AIS-1
AIS-1, CH A-2
AIS-1, AIS-2

Priority of channel management commands and clearing of stored regional


operating settings
The most current and applicable commands received overrides previous channel
management commands in accordance with the following rules:
1) If the nearest boundary of the regional operating area of any stored regional
operating setting is more than 500 miles away from the current position of own
station, or if any stored regional operating setting was older than five weeks. Any
stored regional operating setting is erased from the memory.
2) The regional operating settings set is handled as a whole, i.e. a change requested for
any parameter of the regional operating settings is interpreted as a new regional
operating setting.
3) The mobile AIS station accepts a new regional operating setting, which was input to
it from shipbourne system command, i.e. via the Presentation Interface, if the
regional operating area of this new regional operating setting partly or totally
overlaps or matches the regional operating area of any of the stored regional
operating settings which were received from a base station either by msg 22 or by
DSC telecommand within the last two hours.
4) A message 22 addressed to own station or a DSC telecommand addressed to own
station accepts only if the mobile AIS station is in a region defined by one of the
stored regional operating settings. In this case the set of regional operating settings
is composed by combining the received parameters with the regional operating area
in use.
5) If the regional operating area of the new accepted regional operating setting
overlaps in part or in total or matches the regional operating areas of one or more
older regional operating settings, this or these older regional operating settings are
erased from the memory.

9-20

9.3 Message

9.3 Message
9.3.1 Message types
All massage types are described on the next page. The message table (Table 9.3.1) uses
the following columns:
- Category
F: Functional Message
S: System Management Message
F/S: Functional Message and System Management Message
- Priority
Priority 1 (highest priority):
Critical link management messages including position report messages in order to
ensure the viability of the link;
Priority 2 (highest service priority):
Safety related messages. These messages is transmitted with a minimum of delay;
Priority 3 (Assignment, interrogation and responses to interrogation message):
Assignment, interrogation and responses to interrogation messages;
Priority 4 (lowest priority):
All other messages
- Operation Mode
AU: Autonomous
AS: Assigned
IN: Interrogation/Polled
- Access scheme
This column indicates how a station may select slots for transmission of this
message.
- Communication State (Comm. State)
Used in the message. If a message does not contain a Communication State, it is
stated as N/A(Not Applicable). Communication State where applicable indicates
expected future use of that slot. Where no Communication State is indicated the
slot is immediately available for future use
- Mobile/Base
Indicates the message transmitting station. Mobile means mobile station, and Base
means base station.

9-21

9.3 Message

Table 9.3.1(a) Message summery -1


Message ID

Position
Report

Position
Report

Position
Report

Base
Station
Report

Static and
Voyage
Related
Data

Binary
Addressed
Message

Binary
Ack.

10

11

12

13

14

Binary
Broadcast
Message
Standard
SAR
Aircraft
Positiion
Report
UTC/Date
inquiry

UTC/Date
Response
Addressed
Safety
Related
Message
Safety
Related
Ack.
Safety
Related
broardcast
Message

Description
Scheduled position
report;
(Class A shipborne
Mobile Equipment)
Assigned
Scheduled position
Report;
(Class A shipborne
Mobile Equipment)
Special position
report, response
to interrogation;
(Class A shipborne
Mobile Equipment)
Position, UTC, Date
and current Slot
number of Base
station
Scheduled static
and voyage related
vessel data report;
(Class A shipborne
Mobile Equipment)
Binary data for
addressed
communication
Ack. of received
addressed binary
data
Binary data for
broadcast
communication
Position report for
airborn stations
involved in SAR
operations, only
Request UTC and
date

Current UTC and


date if available

Operation
mode

Access
scheme

Comm.
state

Mobile/
Base

SOTDMA

Mobile

SOTDMA

Mobile

RATDMA

ITDMA

Mobile

FATDMA
RATDMA

SOTDMA

Base

Autonomous
Assigned

RATDMA
(2)
ITDMA

Not
Applicable

Mobile

Autonomous
Assigned
Interrog./Polled
Autonomous
Assigned
Interrog./Polled
Autonomous
Assigned
Interrog./Polled

RATDMA
FATDMA
(2)
ITDMA
RATDMA
FATDMA
(2)
ITDMA
(10)
RATDMA
FATDMA
(2)
ITDMA

Not
Applicable

Mobile/
Base

Not
Applicable

Mobile
/Base

Not
Applicable

Mobile/
Base

Category

Priority

F/S

Autonomous

SOTDMA
RATDMA
(1)
ITDMA

F/S

Assigned

SOTDMA

F/S

Autonomous

F/S

Assigned

(3) (7)

ITDMA(2) Ed.1.3

(5)

(10)

F/S

Autonomous
Assigned

RATDMA
FATDMA
(1)
ITDMA

SOTDMA
ITDMA

Mobile

F/S

Autonomous
Assigned
Interrog./Polled

RATDMA
FATDMA
(2)
ITDMA

Not
Applicable

Mobile/
Base

F/S

Autonomous
Assigned
Interrog./Polled

RATDMA
(2)
ITDMA

SOTDMA

Mobile

RATDMA
FATDMA
(2)
ITDMA

Not
Applicable

Mobile/
Base

Not
Applicable

Mobile/
Base

Not
Applicable

Mobile/
Base

Safety related data


for addressed
communication

Autonomous
Assigned
Interrog./Polled

Ack. of received
addressed safety
related message

Autonomous
Assigned
Interrog./Polled

RATDMA
FATDMA
(2)
ITDMA

Autonomous
Assigned
Interrog./Polled

RATDMA
FATDMA
(2)
ITDMA

Safety related data


for broadcast
communication

(9)

9-22

(10)

(10)

9.3 Message

Table 9.3.1(b) Message summery -2

15

16

17

Interrogation

Assignment
Mode
Command
DGNSS
Broadcast
Binary
Message

Request for a
specific message
Type; (can result in
multiple responses
from one or several
stations)
Assignment of a
specific report
behaviour by
competent authority
using a base station
DGNSS corrections
provided by a base
station
Standard Position
Report for Class B
Shipborne Mobile
Equipment to be
used instead of
.(8)
Message 1,2,3
Extended Position
Report for Class B
Shipborn Mobile
Equipment;
contains additional
.(8)
static information

Autonomous
Assigned
Interrog./Polled

RATDMA
FATDMA
(2)
ITDMA

F/S

Assigned

RATDMA
FATDMA
ITDMA

Assigned

(3)

18

19

Extended
Class B
Equipment
Position
Report

20

Data Link
Management
Message

Reserve slot for


base station(s)

21

Aids-toNav.
Report

Position and Status


Report for
Aids-to- Nav.

F/S

Channel
Management

Management of
channels and
transceiver modes
by a base station

Mobile/
Base

Not
Applicable

Base

Not
Applicable

Base

Ed.1.3

RATDMA
FATDMA

ITDMA(2) Ed.1.3

Standard
Class B
Equipment
Position
report

22

(2)

Not
Applicable

F/S

Autonomous
Assigned

RATDMA
(1)
ITDMA

SOTDMA
ITDMA

Mobile

F/S

Autonomous
Assigned

ITDMA

Not
Applicable

Mobile

Assigned

RATDMA
FATDMA
ITDMA Ed.1.3

Not
Applicable

Base

Not
Applicable

Mobile/
Base

(3)

Autonomous
Assigned
Interrog./Polled

(3)

Assigned

(3) (6)

RATDMA
FATDMA
ITDMA

(2)

Ed.1.3

RATDMA
FATDMA
ITDMA

(2)

Not
Applicable

Ed.1.3

Note
(1) ITDMA is used during the first frame phase and during a change of Report Rate
(Rr). SOTDMA is used during the continuous operation phase. RATDMA can be
used at any time to transmit additional position reports.
(2) This message type is broadcasted within 4 seconds. The RATDMA access scheme is
the default method for allocating the slot(s) for this message type. Alternatively, an
existing SOTDMA allocated slot can use the ITDMA access scheme for allocating
the slot(s) for this message. A base station may use an existing FATDMA allocated
slot for allocating the slot(s) for transmission of this message type.
(3) A base station is always operating in assigned mode using a fixed transmission
schedule (FATDMA) for its periodic transmissions. The Data Link Message is
used to announce the base stations fixed allocation schedule. If necessary, either
ITDMA or RATDMA may be used to transmit non- periodic broadcasts.
(4) For interrogation of UTC and date, message identifier 10 is used.

9-23

Base

9.3 Message

(5) Priority 3, if in response to interrogation.


(6) In order to satisfy the requirements for dual channel operation, the following applies,
unless otherwise specified by Message 22:
a) For periodic repeated messages, including the initial link access, the
transmissions alternate between AIS1and AIS2.
b) Transmissions following slot allocation announcements, responses to requests,
and acknowledgements is transmitted on the same channel as the initial
message.
c) For addressed messages, transmissions utilize the channel in which a message
from the addressed station was last received.
d) For non-periodic messages other than those referenced above, the transmissions
of each message, regardless of message type, alternate between AIS1 and AIS2.
(7) Recommendations for base stations (dual channel operations): Base stations
alternate their transmissions between AIS 1 and AIS 2 for the following reasons:
a) to increase link capacity;
b) to balance channel loading between AIS 1 and AIS 2.
c) to mitigate the harmful effects of RF interface.
(8)
a) Equipment other than Class B Shipborne mobile does not transmit
message 18 and 19.
b) Class B Shipborne Mobile Equipment only uses Message 18 and 19 for
position reporting and static data.
(9) When using reporting rate assignment by Message16 the Access Scheme is
SOTDMA. When using assignment of transmission slots by Message16 the Access
Scheme is assigned operation using SOTDMA Communication state.
(10) For Message6, 8, 12 and 14 RATDMA transmissions from a mobile station does
not exceed a total of 20 slots in a frame with a maximum of 5 consecutive slots
per message.

9-24

9.3 Message

9.3.2 Message Descriptions


This paragraph describes each message.
Message 1, 2, 3: Position Report
The position report is output periodically by mobile stations.
Table 9.3.2 Message 1, 2, 3
Parameter
Message ID

Number
of bits
6

Repeat Indicator

User ID

30

Navigational status

ROT

SOG
Position accuracy
Longitude
Latitude
COG
True Heading

10
1
28
27
12
9

Time stamp

Reserved for regional


applications
Spare
RAIM-flag
Communication State
Total number of bits

4
1
1
19
168

Description
Identifier for this message 1, 2, or 3
Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a
message has been repeated.
MMIS number
Under way using engine, at anchor or not under
command etc
Turning head speed (ROT data is not derived from
COG information)
Speed over ground in 1/10 knot steps
Indicating the accuracy within 10 m or not.
Longitude In 1/10000 min
Latitude in 1/10000 min
Course over ground in 1/10
Degrees
UTC second when the report was generated by the
EPFS mode, or 61 if positioning system is in manual
input mode.
Reserved
Not used.
RAIM flag of Electronic Position Fixing Device

9-25

9.3 Message

Message 4: Base station report, Message 11: UTC and Date response
It is used for reporting UTC time and date and, at the same time, position. A base
station uses Message 4 in its periodical transmissions. A mobile station outputs Message
11 only in response to interrogation by Message 10. Message 11 is only transmitted as a
result of a UTC Request message (Message 10). The UTC and Data response is
transmitted on the channel, where the UTC request message was received.
Table 9.3.3 Message 4, 11
Parameter
Message ID

Number
of bits
6

Description

Repeat Indicator

User ID
UTC year
UTC month
UTC day
UTC hour
UTC minute
UTC second
Position accuracy
Longitude
Latitude
Type of Electronic
Position Fixing Device
Spare
RAIM-flag
Communication State
Total number of bits

30
14
4
5
5
6
6
1
28
27

Identifier for this message 4, 11


Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a
message has been repeated.
MMIS number
Year
Month
Day
Time
Minute
Second
Indicating the accuracy within 10 m or not.
Longitude In 1/10000 min
Latitude In 1/10000 min

GPS, GLONASS, Loran-C etc

10
1
19
168

Not used.
RAIM flag of Electronic Position Fixing Device

Message 5: Ship Static and Voyage related data


It is only used by Class A Shipborne Mobile Equipment when reporting static or voyage
related data.
This message is transmitted immediately after any parameter value has been changed.

9-26

9.3 Message

Table 9.3.4 Message 5


Parameter
Message ID
Repeat Indicator
User ID
AIS Version Indicator
IMO number
Call sign
Name
Type of ship and cargo
type
Overall
Dimension/ Reference
for position
Type of EPFS
ETA
Maximum Present
Static draught
Destination
DTE
Spare
Number of bits

Number
of bits
6
2
30
2
30
42
120

Description
Identifier fir this message 5
Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a
message has been repeated.
MMIS number
Indicator for AIS Version
IMO number
7x6 bit ASCII characters
Maximum 20 characters 6 bit ASCII

Indicating the type of ship and cargo type

30

Reference point for reported position; also indicates


the dimension of ship in meters

4
20

GPS, GLONASS, Loran-C etc


Estimated Time of Arrival

In 1/10 m

120
1
1
424

Maximum 20 characters using 6-bit ASCII


Data terminal ready
Not used.
Occupies 2 slots

Message 6: Addressed Binary Message


The Addressed Binary Message is variable in length, based on the amount of binary
data. The length varies between 1 and 5 slots.
Table 9.3.5 Message 6
Parameter
Message ID
Repeat Indicator
Source ID
Sequence Number
Destination ID
Retransmit Flag
Spare
Binary Data
Maximum number of bits

Number of
bits
6
2
30
2
30
1
1
Max.936
Max.1008

Description
Identifier for Message 6
Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a
message has been repeated.
MMSI number OF source station
Sequence Number
MMSI number of destination station
Retransmit flag is set upon retransmission
Not used.
Application Identifier (16 bit) and data (Max. 920 bits)

9-27

9.3 Message

Message 7: Binary Acknowledge, Message 13: Safety Related Acknowledge


Message 7 is used as an acknowledgement of up to 4 Messages 6 and is transmitted on
the channel, where the addressed message to be acknowledged, was received.
Message 13 is used as an acknowledgement of up to 4 Messages 12 received and is
transmitted on the channel, where the addressed message to be acknowledged, was
received.

Table 9.3.6 Message 7, 13


Number
of bits
6

Parameter
Message ID
Repeat Indicator

Source ID
Spare
Destination ID 1

30
2
30

Sequence number for ID 1

Destination ID 2

30

Sequence number for ID 2

Destination ID 3

30

Sequence number for ID 3

Destination ID 4

30

Sequence number for ID 4

Total number of bits

Description
Identifier for message 7, 13
Used by the repeater to indicate how many times
a message has been repeated.
MMSI number oaf source of this ACK
Not used.
MMSI number of first destination of this ACK
Sequence number of message to be
acknowledged : 0-3.
MMSI number of second destination of this ACK
Sequence number of message to be
acknowledged : 0-3.
MMSI number of third destination of this ACK
Sequence number of message to be
acknowledged : 0-3.
MMSI number of fourth destination of this ACK
Sequence number of message to be
acknowledged : 0-3.

72-168

Message 8: Binary Broadcast Message


This message is variable in length, based on the amount of binary data. The length
varies between 1 and 5 slots.
Table 9.3.7 Message 8
Parameter
Message ID

Number
of bits
6

Repeat Indicator

Source ID
Spare

30
2

Binary Data

Max.968

Total Number of bits

MAX.100
8

Description
Identifier for message 8
Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a
message has been repeated.
MMSI number of source station
Not used.
Application Identifier (16 bit) and Application Data
(Max.952 bits)
Occupies 1 to 5 slots

9-28

9.3 Message

Message 9: Standard SAR Aircraft Position Report


This message is used as a standard position report for aircraft involved in SAR
operations instead of Message 1, 2, or 3. Stations other than aircraft involved in SAR
operations do not transmit this message. The default reporting interval for this message
is 10 seconds.
Table 9.3.8 Message 9
Parameter
Message ID

Number
of bits
6

Repeat Indicator

User ID

30

Altitude (GNSS)

12

SOG
Position accuracy
Longitude
Latitude
COG

10
1
28
27
12

Time stamp

Reserved for regional


applications
DTE
Spare

1
3

Assigned Mode Flag

RAIM-Flag
Communication State
Selector Flag
Communication State
Total number of bits

1
19
168

Description
Identifier for message 9
Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a
message has been repeated.
MMIS number
Altitude (derived from GNSS) expressed in meters
(0-4094 m)
Speed over ground in knot steps (0-1022 knots)
Indicating the accuracy within 10 m or not.
Longitude in 1/10000 min
Latitude in 1/10000 min
Course over ground in 1/10
UTC second when the report was generated by the
EPFS mode, or 61 if positioning system is in manual
input mode
Reserved for definition by a competent regional
authority.
Data terminal ready
Not used.
0= Station operating in autonomous and continuous
mode
1= Station operating in assigned mode
RAIM-Flag of Electronic Position Fixing Device.
0= SOTDMA Communication State follows;
1= ITDMA Communication State follows.
SOTDMA

9-29

9.3 Message

Message 10: UTC and Date Inquiry


This message is used when a station is requesting UTC and data from another station.
Table 9.3.9 Message 7, 10
Parameter
Message ID

Number
of bits
6

Repeat Indicator

Source ID
Spare
Destination ID
Spare
Total number of bits

30
2
30
2
72

Description
Identifier for message 10
Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a
message has been repeated.
MMSI number of station which inquires UTC
Not used.
MMSI number of station which is inquired
Not used.

Message 12: Addressed Safety Related Message


The Addressed Safety Related Message could be variable in length, based on the
amount of safety related text. The length varies between 1 and 5 slots.
Table 9.3.10 Message 12
Parameter
Message ID

Number
of bits
6

Repeat Indicator

Source ID

30

Sequence Number

Destination ID

30

Retransmit Flag
Spare
Safety related text
Total number of bits

1
1
Max.936
Max.
1008

Description
Identifier for message 12
Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a
message has been repeated.
MMSI number of station which is the source of the
message
0-3
MMSI number of station which is the destination of
the message
Set upon retransmission.
Not used.
6-bit ASCII
Occupies 1 to 5 slots subject to the length of text

9-30

9.3 Message

Message 14: Safety Related Broadcast Message


The Safety Related Broadcast Message could be variable in length, base on the amount
of safety related text. The length varies between 1 and 5 slots.
Table 9.3.11 Message 14
Parameter
Message ID
Repeat Indicator
Source ID
Spare
Safety related Text
Total Number of bits

Number of
bits
6
2
30
2
Max.968
Max. 1008

Description
Identifier for message 14
Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a
message has been repeated.
MMSI number of source station of message
Not used.
6-bit ASCII

Message 15: Interrogation


The Interrogation Message is used for interrogations via the VHF TDMA link other
than UTC and data requests. The response is transmitted on the channel where the
interrogation was received.
A Class A Shipborne Mobile Station can be interrogated for message identifiers 3 and 5,
by another station. A Class B Shipborne Mobile Station can be interrogated for message
identifiers 18 and 19, by another station. An airborne mobile station can be interrogated
for message identifier 9, by another station. A mobile station mounted on an
Aids-to-Navigation can be interrogated for message identifier 21, by another station. A
base station can be interrogated for message identifiers 4, 17, 20 and 22.

9-31

9.3 Message

Table 9.3.12 Message 15


Parameter
Message ID

Number
of bits
6

Repeat Indicator

Source ID
Spare
Destination ID 1

30
2
30

Message ID 1.1

Slot offset 1.1

12

Spare

Message ID 1.2

Slot offset 1.2

12

Spare
Destination ID 2

2
30

Message ID 2.1

Slot offset 2.1

12

Spare
Total number of bits

2
88-160

Description
Identifier for message 15
Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a
message has been repeated.
MMSI number of interrogating station
Not used.
MMSI number of first interrogated station
First Requested message type from first interrogated
station
Response slot offset for first requested message from
first interrogated station
Not used.
Second Requested message type from first
interrogated station
Response slot offset for second requested message
from first interrogated station
Not used.
MMSI number of second interrogated station
Requested message type from second interrogated
station
Response slot offset for requested message from
second interrogated station
Not used.

Message 16: Assigned Mode Command


Assignment is transmitted by a base station when operating as a controlling entry.
When a Class A shipborne mobile AIS station receives an assignment it reverts to either
the assigned reporting rate or the resulting reporting rate (when slot assignment is used)
or the autonomously derived reporting rate whatever is higher.

9-32

9.3 Message

Table 9.3.13 Message 7,16


Parameter
Message ID

Number
of bits
6

Repeat Indicator

Source ID
Spare
Destination ID A
Offset A
Increment A

30
2
30
12
10

Destination ID B

30

Offset B

12

Increment B

10

Spare
Total

Max.4
96 or 144

Description
Identifier for message 16
Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a
message has been repeated.
MMSI of assigning station.
Spare.
MMSI number. Destination identifier A.
Offset from current slot to first assigned slot.
Increment to next assigned slot.
MMSI number. Destination identifier B. It is omitted if
there is assignment to station A, only.
Offset from current slot to first assigned slot. It is
omitted, if there is assignment to station A, only.
Increment to next assigned slot. It is omitted, if there
is assignment to station A, only.
Spare.

Message 17: GNSS Broadcast Binary Message


This message is transmitted by a base station, which is connected to a DGNSS reference
source, and configured to provide DGNSS data to receiving stations.
Table 9.3.14 Message 18
Parameter
Message ID

Number
of bits
6

Repeat Indicator

Source ID
Spare

30
2

Longitude

18

Latitude

17

Spare
Data
Total number of bits

5
0-736
80-816

Description
Identifier for message 17
Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a
message has been repeated.
MMSI of the base station.
Spare.
Surveyed Longitude of DFNSS reference station in
1/10 min.
Surveyed Latitude of DGNSS reference station in
1-10 min.
Not used.
Differential Correction data.

Message 18: Standard Class B Equipment Position Report


The standard Class B Equipment Position report is output periodically and
autonomously instead of Messages 1, 2, or 3 by Class B Shipborne Mobile Equipment,
only.

9-33

9.3 Message

Message 19: Extended Class B Equipment Position Report


This message is transmitted once every 6 minutes in two slots allocated by the use of
Message 18 in the ITDMA Communication State.
Message 20: Data Link Management Message
This message is used by base station(s) to pre-announce the fixed allocation schedule
(FATDMA) for one or more base station(s) and it is repeated as often as required.
Table 9.3.15 Message 20
Parameter
Message ID
Repeat Indicator
Source ID
Spare
Offset number 1
Number of slots 1
Time-out 1
Increment 1
Offset number 2
Number of slots 2
Time-out 2
Increment 2
Offset number 3
Number of slots 3
Time-out 3
Increment 3
Offset number 4
Number of slots 4
Time-out 4
Increment 4
Spare
Total number of bits

Number
of bits
6
2
30
2
12
4
3
11
12
4
3
11
12
4
3
11
12
4
3
11
Max 6
72-160

Description
Identifier for message 20
Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a
message has been repeated.
MMSI number of base station
Not used.
Reserved offset number
Number of reserved consecutive slots
Time-out value in minutes
Increment to repeat reservation block 1
Reserved offset number (Optional)
Number of reserved consecutive slots (Optional)
Time-out value in minutes (Optional)
Increment to repeat reservation block 2 (Optional)
Reserved offset number (Optional)
Number of reserved consecutive slots (Optional)
Time-out value in minutes (Optional)
Increment to repeat reservation block 3 (Optional)
Reserved offset number (Optional)
Number of reserved consecutive slots (Optional)
Time-out value in minutes (Optional)
Increment to repeat reservation block 4 (Optional)
Not used.

Message 21: Aids to Navigation Report


This station may be mounted on an Aid-to Navigation or this message may be
transmitted by a fixed station when the functionality of an A- to N station is integrated
into the fixed station. This message is transmitted autonomously at a Reporting Rate of
once every three minutes or it may be assigned by an Assigned Mode Command
(Message 16) via the VHF data link, or by an external command.

9-34

9.3 Message

Table 9.3.16 Message 21


Parameter
Message ID

Number
of bits
6

Description

Repeat Indicator

Source ID
Type of
Aid-to-Navigation
Name of
Aid-to-Navigation
Position accuracy

30

Identifier for message 21


Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a
message has been repeated.
MMIS number

Fixing or floating type

120
1

Longitude

28

Latitude

27

Dimension/Reference
for position

30

Type of Electronic
position Fixing Device

Maximum 20 characters 6 bit ASCII


Indicating the accuracy within 10 m or not.
Longitude in 1/10000 min of position of
Aid-to-Navigation
Latitude in 1/10000 min of Aid-to-Navigation
Reference point for reported position; also indicates
the dimension of Aid-to-Navigation in meters, if
relevant.
GPS, GLONASS, Loran-C etc

UTC second when the report was generated by the


EPFS mode, or 61 if positioning system is in manual
input mode.
Off-Position Indicator
1
For floating Aid-to-Navigation
Reserved for regional
Reserved for definition by a competent regional or
8
or local application
local authority.
RAIM-Flag
1
RAIM flag of Electronic Position Fixing Device
0= default = real A to N at indicated position; 1=
Virtual A to N Flag
1
virtual A to N, does not physically exist, may only be
transmitted from AIS station nearby.
0= Station operating in autonomous and continuous
Assigned Mode Flag
1
mode=default
1= Station operating in assigned mode
Spare
1
Spare
This parameter of up to 14 additional 6-bit-ASCII
characters for a 2-slot message and up to 51
additional 6-bit-ASCII characters for a 3-slot message
may be combined with the parameter
Name of
6-306
Aid-to-Navigation at the end of that parameter,
Aid-to-Navigation
0,6,12,18,
when more than 20 characters are needed for the
Extension
24--84 Ed.1.3
Name of Aid-to-Navigation. This parameter is omitted
when no more than 20 characters for the name of
A-to-N are needed in total. Only the required number
of characters is transmitted.
0-4
Spare
0,2,4,6 Ed.1.3
Time Stamp

272-580

Number of bits

272-360 Ed.1.3

9-35

9.3 Message

Message 22: Channel Management


This message is transmitted by a base station (as a broadcast message) to command the
VHF data link parameters for the geographical area designed in this message.
Table 9.3.17 Message 22
Parameter
Message ID

Number
of bits
6

Repeat Indicator

Station ID
Spare
Channel A
Channel B
TX/RX Mode
Power

30
2
12
12
4
1

Longitude 1

18

Latitude 1

17

Longitude 2

18

Latitude 2

17

Addressed or
Broadcast Message
Indicator
Channel A bandwidth
Channel B bandwidth

1
1

Transitional Zone Size

Spare
Total number of bits

23
168

Description
Identifier for message 22
Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a
message has been repeated.
MMSI number of base station
Not used.
Channel number
Channel number
0= high, 1= low
Longitude of area to which the assignment
upper right corner (north-east); in 1/10 min
Latitude of area to which the assignment
upper right corner (north-east); in 1/10 min
Longitude of area to which the assignment
lower left corner (south-west); in 1/10 min
Longitude of area to which the assignment
lower left corner (south-west); in 1/10 min

applies;
applies;
applies;
applies;

0= Broadcast Geographical Area Message =default,


1= Addressed message (to individual station(s))
Bandwidth
Bandwidth
The transitional Zone Size in nautical miles is
calculated by adding 1 to this parameter value.
Not used.

9-36

9.4 DSC Operations

9.4 DSC Operations


9.4.1 Flowchart
Fig. 9.4.1 shows the DSC operation flowchart.

The category numbers of AIS


DSC and VHF DSC are different.
The category number 103 is
only for AIS DSC.

Fig. 9.4.1 DSC operation flowchart

9-37

9.4 DSC Operations

9.4.2 Message Structure


Fig. 9.4.2 shows the message structure. The AIS is capable of performing limited
AIS-related DSC operations conforming to he provisions of Recommendations ITU-R
M. 493. In order to accomplish this performance, the AIS device contains a dedicated
DSC receiver that is tuned to channel 70 (156.025 MHz) 1200 bps and 1700 Hz 400H
(B=2100 Hz, Y=1300 Hz).

Fig. 9.4.2 DSC Message Structure


1. Dot pattern
BY signal consists of 20 bits.
2. Phasing sequence
It is consisted of six DX (125) between RX7 (111) and RX0 (104).
3. Format specifier
The format specifiers relevant to VTC DSC operations are:
- No.103: For a selective call to a group of ships in specified VTS area;
- No.120: For a selective call to a particular individual station;
- No.116: For an all ships call to be used only for broadcast messages.
4. Addresses for format 103
For a selective call directed to ships in a specified VTS area, a numerical mobile
geographic coordinated address consisting of 22 digits (i.e., 11 characters) is
constructed. When all ships in the area addressed, the coordinates shall follow
immediately after the symbol No. 103. However, two characters indicating the course of
the ship addressed or one character indicating that ships of a certain type are being
addressed may optionally be inserted between the format symbol and the coordinates.

Format:
103

Course[4x] or
Type[5,6,7,8,9-xx]
(Option)

Coordinate

Fig. 9.4.3 Address

9-38

9.4 DSC Operations

Course
The first digit shall be the digit 4. For example, when addressing ships on course of
200, the symbol would be 42 and 00.
Type of ship
The first digit shall be 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9. For example, Pilot boats is 50, and all
Cargo ship is 70 in the table below.
Table 9.4.1 Symbol to indicate the type of ship
Symbols to be used by ships to report their type and in the address of calls directed to a group
of ships in a VTS area
Symbol No.
Special craft
50
Pilot boats
51
SAR vessel
52
Tugs
53
Port tenders
54
Vessels with anti-pollution facilities or equipment
55
Low enforcement vessels
56
Spare-for assignment to local vessels
57
Spare-for assignment to local vessels
58
Medical transport
59
Ships according to Resolution 18
Other ships
First digit
Second digit
6
Passenger ship(s)
0
All ships of this typ
7
Cargo ship(s)
1
Carrying DG, HS or MP IMO hazard or pollutant category A
8
Tanker(s)
2
Carrying DG, HS or MP IMO hazard or pollutant category B
9
Other types of ships
3
Carrying DG, HS or MP IMO hazard or pollutant category C
4
Carrying DG, HS or MP IMO hazard or pollutant category D
5
Not under command
Note)
6
Restricted by her ability to maneuver
DG: dangerous goods
HS: harmful substances
7
Constrained by her draught
MP: marine pollutants
8
Spare
9
No additional information

9-39

9.4 DSC Operations

Numerical geographic coordinate address


- the numerical geographic coordinate address shall be constructed as follows:
- the designated geographical area is a rectangle in Mercator projection;
- the first digit indicates the azimuth sector in which the reference point is loaded; the
second to the seventh digits indicate the latitude of the reference point in tens and
units of degrees and tens, units, tenth and hundreds of minutes;
- the eighth to the fourteenth digits indicate the longitude of the reference point in
hundreds, tens, and units of degrees and tens, units, tenth and hundreds of minutes;
- the fifteenth to eighteenth digits indicate the vertical (i.e. North to South) side of the
rectangle in tens, units, tenths and hundreds of minutes;
the nineteenth to twenty second digits indicate the horizontal (i.e. West to East) side of
the rectangle in tenth, units, tenth and hundreds of minutes;
- for example, the characters necessary to compose the geographical address defining
an area with a reference point of 27 40.30N and 082 57.80W, a vertical side of
06.00 and a horizontal side of 17.0 would be :
12 74 03 00 82 57 80 06 00 17 00.

Fig. 9.4.4 Numerical geographic coordinate address


5. Category
The category information indicates a safety call related to VTS operation. Symbol No.
103 is used to indicate this purpose.
6. Self-identification
The MMSI assigned to the calling station.

9-40

9.4 DSC Operations

7. Messages
The message included in a transmission sequence comprises one or more, up to a
maximum of 4, of the symbols given in table 9.4.2.
Table 9.4.2 Symbols for message contents of VTS DSC calls
Symbol
No.
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127

Message
My position is --- at time---(followed by 12 or 13 symbols)
Switch to VHF channel for subsequent VTS DSC communications
(followed by 1 symbol)
Report your position now and at intervals of minutes (followed by 1 symbol)
Report your position
VTS expansion message (see Table 5)
Ship is leaving berth or anchorage or entering the VTS
Report next port of call
Ship is berthing, anchoring or leaving the VTS
Report length of ship
Report course of ship
Message acknowledged
Report ships name/identification
Acknowledge message
Report your destination information (followed by 1 symbol)
My destination information is --- (followed by 2 to 13 symbol)
Ships name/identification is (followed by several symbol)
Report speed of ship
Not to be used
Report draught of ship
Course of ship is deg.(followed by 2 symbols)
Speed of ship is knots(followed by 2 symbols)
Next port of call is followed by 2 symbols
Not to be used
Draught of ship is meters and decimeters (followed by 2 symbols)
Length of ship is meters (followed by 2 symbols)
Not to be used
No information
Not to be used

VTS expansion message


The VTS expansion message in Table 9.4.3 are used to supplement the messages found in
Table 9.4.2. These expansion messages can be combined in series by repeating symbol
No. 104 and a symbol from Table 9.4.3. For example, when the request for information
sequence from a shore station is:
104 01 104 05 104 07
The corresponding reporting sequence from the ships transponder would be:
104 01 25 104 05 17 99 104 07 02 05.

9-41

9.4 DSC Operations

This would indicate:


- ships transponder transmitter power =25 W
- ships heading =179.9
- ships-beam =20.5 m
Table 9.4.3 Symbols for VTS expansion messages
Symbol
No.
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15-99

Message
Frequency channel(followed by 2 symbols)
Transmitter power level (followed by 1 symbols)
Differential corrections (followed by differential message of variable length)
Activate alternate system (followed by 2 symbols)
Identification of alternative system(s) (followed by 2 symbols)
Ships heading (followed by 2 symbols)
Navigation antenna placement (followed by 4 symbols)
Ships beam (followed by 2 symbols)
Data text message (followed by up to 128 symbols per packet)
Primary regional channel-- (followed by 3 symbols)
Secondary regional channel--(followed by 3 symbols)
Guard channel for region-- (followed by 3 symbols)
North-Eastern corner of region (followed by 6 symbols)
South-Western corner of region (followed by 6 symbols)
Degrees of lat/log (followed by 2 symbols)
Spares for future assignment

8. EOS (End of sequence)


The end of sequence signal is transmitted three times in the DX and once in the RX
position. For VTS operation, the following two symbols from Recommendation ITU-R
M. 493 are used.
-

symbol No. 117 is used for transmission sequence an automatic response


(Acknowledge RQ)

symbol No.122 is used to answer a transmission sequence requiring an automatic


response (Acknowledge BQ)

symbol No.127 is used to broadcast a message that requires no response.

9. ECC (Error-check character)


The error-check character is the final character transmitted and serves to
check the entire sequence for the presence of errors which went undetected
by the ten-unit error detecting code and time diversity employed. The
checksum is calculated and included in the transmission sequence as
specified in Recommendation ITU-R M.439.

9-42

9.5 Long Range Applications

9.5 Long Range Applications


Class A shipboene mobile equipment provides a two-way interface for equipment
which provides for long range communications. This interface complies with IEC
61162-2.
The communication system for LR-AOS is not defined in this document. Inmarsat C, as
part of GMDSS on many vessels can be a candidate to facilitate the LR application, but
this is not mandatory. Most of the current Inmarsat C, but also all other long-range
communication systems, do not support the IEC 61162-2 interface. Because the IEC
61162 series is standard on all future maritime onboard systems, the AIS is supported
by this interface only.
The LR application of AIS must operate in parallel with the VDL. LR operation is not
continuous.

Reporting Contents
1. Ship name
2. Position
3. Cargo
4. Call sign
5. Course (COG)
6. Length and width of ship
7. MMSI
8. Speed (SOG)
9. Type of ship
10. IMO number
11. Destination/ETA
12. Number of crew
13. Date/ UTC
14. Draught

9-43

Appendix 1) VHF Channel List

Appendix 1 provides a channel numbering plan for implementation of 12.5 kHz channels.
The appendix also provides for implementation of simplex operation of duplex channels.
For channnel number assignments to interleaved narrow-band channnels at 12.5 kHz offsets,
see Table AP 1.1.1.

For channel number assignments to narrowband operation (12.5 kHz) on 25 kHz channels:
Channel Number
For normal channel operation: 60
For 12.5 kHz operation on 25 kHz
channel: 460 (adding 400)

Ship
156.025

Ship & Coast


-

Coast
160.625

156.025

160.625

For channel number assignments to simplex operation of duplex channels:


Channel Number
For normal duplex operation: 60
For simplex operation of ship station
frequency: 1060 (adding 1000)
For simplex operation of coast
ion frequency: 2060 (adding 2000)

Ship
156.025

Ship & Coast


-

Coast
160.625

156.025

160.625

For channel number assignments to simplex channels, addition of 1000 is made to existing
channel numbers.

AP1-1

Appendix 1) VHF Channel List

Table AP 1.1.1 VHF channel list


Channel Number

Transmitting Frequency (MHz)

Wide
Narrow band FM
band FM
12.5kHz Spacing
25kHz
InterSpacing
leaved

460

60

260
401

01

201
461

61

261
402

02

202
462

62

262
403

03

203
463

63

263
404

04

204
464

64

264
405

05

205
465

65

265

Ship

156.025
156.0375
156.050
156.0625
156.075
156.0875
156.100
156.1125
156.125
156.1375
156.150
156.1625
156.175
156.1875
156.200
156.2125
156.225
156.2375
156.250
156.2625
156.275
156.2875

406

06

Ship & Coast

160.625
160.6375
160.650
160.6625
160.675
160.6875
160.700
160.7125
160.725
160.7375
160.750
160.7625
160.775
160.7875
160.800
160.8125
160.825
160.8375
160.850
160.8625
160.875
160.8875
156.300

206

66
07
67
08
68
09
69

Coast

156.3125
466
156.325
266 156.3375
407
156.350
207
156.3625
467
267
408
208
468
268
409
209
469
269

160.9125
160.925
160.9375
160.950
160.9625
156.375
156.3875
156.400
156.4125
156.425
156.4375
156.450
156.4625
156.475
156.4875

AP1-2

Remarks

Appendix 1) VHF Channel List

410

10

210
470

70

270
411

11

211
471

71

271
412

12

212
472

72

272
413

13

213
473

73

273
414

14

214
474

74

274
415

15

215
475

75

275
416

16

216
476

76

276
417

17

217
477

77

277
18

19

20

21

156.500
156.5125
156.525
156.5375
156.550
156.5625
156.575
156.5875
156.600
156.6125
156.625
156.6375
156.650
156.6625
156.675
156.6875
156.700
156.7125
156.725
156.7375
156.750
156.7625
156.775
156.7875
156.800
156.8125
156.825
156.8375
156.850
156.8625
156.875
156.8875

418

156.900
218
156.9125
478
78
156.925
278 156.9375
419
156.950
219
156.9625
479
79
156.975
279 156.9875
420
157.000
220
157.0125
480
80
157.025
280 157.0375
421
157.050
221
157.0625

DSC Guard band


DSC Calling, DIS/SAF
DSC Guard band

CH16 Guard band


CH16 Guard band
Voice Calling, DIS/SAF

CH16 Guard band


CH16 Guard band

161.500
161.5125
161.525
161.5375
161.550
161.5625
161.575
161.5875
161.600
161.6125
161.625
161.6375
161.650
161.6625

AP1-3

Local(Japan)

Appendix 1) VHF Channel List

481

81

281
422

22

222
482

82

282
423

23

223
483

83

283
424

24

224
484

84

284
425

25

225
485

85

285
426

26

226
486

86

286
427

27

227
487

87

287
428

28

228
88

488
288

157.075
157.0875
157.100
157.1125
157.125
157.1375
157.150
157.1625
157.175
157.1875
157.200
157.2125
157.225
157.2375
157.250
157.2625
157.275
157.2875
157.300
157.3125
157.325
157.3375
157.350
157.3625
157.375
157.3875
157.400
157.4125
157.425
157.4375

161.675
161.6875
161.700
161.7125
161.725
161.7375
161.750
161.7625
161.775
161.7875
161.800
161.8125
161.825
161.8375
161.850
161.8625
161.875
161.8875
161.900
161.9125
161.925
161.9375
161.950
161.9625
161.975
161.9875
162.000
162.0125
162.025
162.0375

AIS International Frequency:


CH 2087(AIS-1) 161.975 MHz
CH 2088(AIS-2) 162.025 MHz
Note)
FA-100 cannot transmit by using following channels.
1002: 156.1 MHz
1004: 156.2 MHz
1060: 156.025 MHz
1062: 156.125 MHz

AP1-4

Local(Japan)

AIS-1

AIS-2

Appendix 1) VHF Channel List

Japanese AIS regional frequency area

AIS frequency off Japanese coast:


- CH 2079 161.575 MHz
- CH 2081 161.675 MHz

AIS international frequency used out of


area:
- CH 2087(AIS-1) 161.975 MHz
- CH 2088(AIS-2) 162.025 MHz

11

10

8
7

Marine VHF channels:


69/72/73/77//86/87/88

Fig. AP 1.1.1 Regional frequency coverage area


Table AP 1.1.2 Regional frequency area
Rectangle area
ID
North-East point
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

44-41.0N
43-44.0N
38-58.0N
36-16.0 N
35-10.0 N
34-47.0 N
35-10.0 N
36-35.0 N
37-46.0 N
39-14.0 N
41-08.0 N

144-56.0E
142-16.0E
142-01.0E
141-20.0E
138-08.0E
135-52.0E
132-47.0E
134-50.0E
138-03.0E
140-03.0E
141-23.0E

AP1-5

South-west point
43-51.0 N
41-08.0 N
36-16.0 N
34-07.0 N
32-46.0 N
32-22.0 N
32-22.0 N
35-10.0 N
35-27.0 N
37-03.0 N
39-14.0 N

143-36.0
139-19.0
140-35.0
138-08.0
135-52.0
132-47.0
129-39.0
131-33.0
134-50.0
138-03.0
138-58.0

:Marine
VHF station
Abashiri
Otaru, Hakodate
Miyagi, Iwaki
Kanto, Toukai
Chubu
Osaka, Setouchi
Kyusyu, Setouchi
Chugoku
Toyama
Hokuriku
Akita

Appendix 2) IEC-61162-1 sentence


1. Sentences used in FA-100
The sentences underlined are new IEC-61162-1 sentences due to AIS.
ABK
ABM
ACA
ACK
AIR
ALR
BBM
DTM
GBS
GGA
GLL
GNS
HDT
LRI
LRF
LR1
LR2
LR3
OSD
RMC
ROT
SSD
TXT
VBW
VDM
VDO
VSD
VTG

Addressed and binary broadcast acknowledgement


Addressed Binary and safety related Message
AIS Regional Channel Assignment Message
Acknowledgement alarm
AIS Interrogation Request
Set alarm state
Broadcast Binary Message
Datum reference
GNSS Satellite fault detection
Global positioning system fix data
Geographic position, latitude/longitude
GNSS fix data
Heading true
Long Range Interrogation
Long Range Function
Long Range Reply with destination for function request A
Long Range Reply with destination for function request B, C, E and F
Long Range Reply with destination for function request I, O, P, U and W
Own ship data
Recommended minimum specific GNSS data
Rate of turn
Ship Static Data
Text transmission
Dual ground/water speed
VHF Data Link Message
VHF Data Link Own-vessel message
Voyage Static Data
Course over ground and ground speed

AP2-1

2. General

2. General
2.1 Structure
The following provides a summary explanation of the approved sentence structure:
$ aaccc,c---c*hh<CR><LF>
$
: Start of sentence
aaccc
: Address field: alphanumeric characters identifying type of
talker and sentence formatter.
,
: Field delimiter
c---c
: Data sentence block
*
: Checksum delimiter: follows last data field of the sentence
hh
: Checksum field
<CR><LF> : End of sentence: sentence terminating delimiter.

Character symbol for data sentence block


A
a
B
C
c
D
E
F
f
G
g
H
h
I
J
K
k
L
l
M
m
N
n
P

Status symbol; Yes; Data valid; Warning flag clear; Auto; Ampere
Alphabet character variable A through Z or a through z
Bar (pressure, 1000nb=100 kpa), Bottom
Celsius (Degrees); Course-up
Valid character; Calculating
Degrees(of arc)
Error; East; Engine
Fathoms (1 fathom equals 1,828 766 m)
Feet (1 foot equals 0,304 79 m)
Great circle; Green
Good
Compass heading; Head-up; Hertz; Humidity
Hours; HEX number
Inches (1 inch equals 0,0254 m)
Input operation completed
Kilometers; km/h
Kilograms
Left; Local; Lost target
Latitude; Litres; l/s
Meters; m/s; Magnetic; Manual; Cubic meters
Minutes; message
Nautical miles; Knots; North; North-up; Newtons
Numeral; address
Purple; Proprietary
(only when following $); Position sensor; Per cent; Pascal(pressure)

AP2-2

2. General

Query; Target-being-acquired

Right; Rhumb line; Red; Relative; Reference; Radar tracking;


revolutions/min(RPM)
South; Statute miles (1609,31m); Statute miles/h; Shaft
Seconds
Time difference; True; Track; Tracked target
Test
Dead reckoning estimate
Sign, if minus (HEX 2D)
Data invalid; No; Warning flag set; Manual; Volt
West; Water; Wheelover
Numeric character variable
Longitude
Time

S
s
T
t
U
u
V
W
x
y
Z

Talker Identifier mnemonics


Identifier
AG
AP
AI
CD
CR
CS
CT
CV
CX
DE
DF
EC
EI
EP
ER
GP
GL
GN
HC
HE
HN
II
IN
LC
P
RA

Talker device
Heading/track controller (autopilot) general
Heading/track controller (autopilot) magnetic
Automatic identification system
Communications; digital selective calling (DSC)
Communications; data receiver
Communications; satellite
Communications; radio-telephone (MF/HF)
Communications; radio-telephone (VHF)
Communications; scanning receiver
DECCA navigator
Direction finder
Electronic chart systems (ECS)
Electronic chart display and information system (ECDIS)
Emergency position indicating radio beacon (EPIRB)
Engine room monitoring systems
Global positioning system (GPS)
GLONASS receiver
Global navigation satellite system (GNSS)
Heading sensor; compass, magnetic
Heading sensor; gyro, north seeking
Heading sensor; gyro, non-north seeking
Integrated instrumentation
Integrated navigation
LORAN: LORAN-C
Proprietary code
Radar and/or radar plotting

AP2-3

2. General

SD
SN
SS
TI
VD
VM
VW
VR
YX
ZA
ZC
ZQ
ZV
WI

Sounder, depth
Electronic positioning system, other/general
Sounder, scanning
Turn rate indicator
Velocity sensor: Doppler, other/general
Velocity sensor: speed log, water, magnetic
Velocity sensor: speed log, water, mechanical
Voyage data recorder
Transducer
Timekeepers, time/date: atomic clock
Timekeepers, time/date: chronometer
Timekeepers, time/date: quartz
Timekeepers, time/date: radio update
Weather instruments

AP2-4

2. General

2.2 IEC-61162-1 AIS sentences


The sentence underlined is new IEC-61162-1 sentences due to AIS.
ABK Addressed and binary broadcast acknowledgement
The ABK-sentence is generated when a transaction, initiated by reception of an ABM, AIR, or
BBM sentence, is completed or terminated.
This sentence provides information about the success or failure of a requested ABM broadcast
of either ITU-R M. 1371 messages 6 or 12. The ABK process utilizes the information
received in ITU-R M. 1371 messages 7 and 13. Upon reception of either a VHF Data-link
message 7 or 13, or the failure of messages 6 or 12, the AIS unit delivers the ABK sentence to
the external application.
This sentence is also used to report to the external application the AIS units handling of the
AIR (ITU-R M. 1371 message 15) and BBM (ITU-R M. 1371 message 8 and 14) sentences.
The external application initiates an interrogation through the use of the use of the
AIR-sentence, or a broadcast through the use of the BBM sentence. The AIS unit generates
an ABK sentence to report the outcome of the AIR or BBM broadcast process.

$--ABK, xxxxxxxxx, a, x.x, x, x *hh<CR><LF>


a
b c de
a: MMSI of the addressed destination AIS unit
b: AIS channel of reception
c: ITU-R M.1371 message ID
d: Message Sequence Number
e: Type of acknowledgement

AP2-5

2. General

ABM Addressed Binary and safety related Message


This sentence supports ITU-R M. 1371 messages 6 and 12. It provides and external
application with a means to exchange data using an AIS. The message data is defined by the
application only - not the AIS. After receiving this sentence, the AIS initiates a radio
broadcast on the VHF Data Link (VDL) of either message 6 or 12.
$--ABM, x, x, x, xxxxxxxxx, x, x.x, s--s, x*hh<CR><LF>
abc
d
e f
g h
a: Total number of sentences needed to transfer the message, 1 to 9
b: Sentence number, 1 to 9
c: Sequential Message identifier, 0 to 3
d: The MMSI of destination AIS unit for the ITU-R M.1371 message
e: AIS channel for broadcast of the radio message
f: ITU-R M.1371 message ID (6 or12)
g: Encapsulated data
h: Number of fill-bits, 0 to 5

ACA AIS Regional Channel Assignment Message


An AIS unit can receive regional channel management information four ways:
- ITU-R M. 1371 message 22
- DSC telecommand received on channel 70
- manual operator input, and
- an ACA-sentence.
The AIS unit may store channel management information for future use. Channel
management information is applied based upon the actual location of the AIS unit. An AIS
unit is using channel management information when the information is being used to
manage the operation of the VHF receivers and/or transmitter inside the AIS unit.
This sentence is used to both enter and obtain channel management information.
$--ACA, x, llll.ll, a, yyyyy.yy, a, llll.ll, a, yyyyy.yy, a, x,
a
b
c
d
e
f
xxxx, x, xxxx, x, x, x, a, x, hhmmss.ss *hh<CR><LF>
g h
i j kl mn
o
a: Sequence Number, 0 to 9
b: Region Northeast corner latitude-N/S
c: Region Northeast corner longitude-E/W
d: Region Southwest corner latitude-N/S
e: Region Southwest corner longitude-E/W
f: Transition Zone Size (Value of 1 NM to a value of 8NM)
g: Channel A
h: Channel A bandwidth

AP2-6

2. General

i: Channel B
j: Channel B bandwidth
k: TX/Rx mode control
Value
CHA
CHB

0
TX/RX
TX/RX

1
TX/RX
RX

2
RX
TX/RX

3
RX
RX

4
5
RX
Not used
Not used RX

l: Power level control (12.5W/2W)


m: Information source
A: ITU-R M.1371 message22 (Channel management address message)
B: ITU-R M.1371 message22 (Channel management broadcast geographical area
message)
C: IEC 61162-1 AIS channel assignment sentence
D: DSC channel70 telecommand
M: Operator manual input

n: In-use flag
o: Time of in-use change

ACK Acknowledgement alarm


This sentence is used to acknowledge an alarm condition reported by device.
$--ACK, xxx *hh<CR><LF>
a
a: Local alarm number(identifier)

AP2-7

2. General

AIR
AIS Interrogation Request
This sentence supports ITU-R M. 1371 message 15. It provides an external application with
the means to initiate a request for specific ITU-R M. 1731 messages from distant mobile or
base AIS stations.
$--AIR, xxxxxxxxx, x.x, x, x.x, x, xxxxxxxxx, x.x, x *hh<CR><LF>
a
b c d e
f
g h
a: MMSI of interrogated station-1
b: ITU-R M.1371 message requested from station-1 note)
c: massage sub-section (Reserved for future use)
d: number of second message from station-1 note)
e: massage sub-section (Reserved for future use)
f: MMIS interrogated station-2
g: number of message requested from station-2note)
h: massage sub-section (Reserved for future use)
Note) Example of messages that may be requested from a distant mobile AIS station include:
Message3: Position report
Message5: Ship static and voyage related data
Mesage9: Standard SAR aircraft position report
Message18: Standard class B equipment position report
Message19: Extended class B equipment position report
Message21: Aids-to-Navigation report
Example of messages that may be requested from a distant AIS base station include:
Message4: Base station report
Message17: GNSS broadcast binary message
Message20: Data link management message
Message22: Channel management

AP2-8

2. General

ALR Set alarm state


This sentence is used to report an alarm condition on a device and its current state of
acknowledgement.
$--ALR, hhmmss.ss, xxx, A, A, c--c *hh<CR><LF>
a
b c d e
a: Time of alarm condition change, UTC
b: Local alarm number(identifier) [identification number of alarm source]
c: Alarm condition (A= threshold exceeded, V=not exceeded)
d: Alarms acknowledge state (A=acknowledged, V=unacknowledged)
e: Alarms description text

BBM Broadcast Binary Message


This sentence supports generation of an ITU-R M. 1371 Binary Broadcast Message (message
8) or Safety Related Broadcast Message (message 14). After receiving this sentence, the AIS
initiates a VHF broadcast of either message 8 or 14 within four seconds.
The success or failure if the broadcast confirmed through the use of the Addressed and binary
Broadcast Acknowledgement (ABK) sentence formatter, and the processes that support the
generation of an ABK-sentence. The AIS is limited in the amount of encapsulated data that
can be sent in each slot and frame. If the length of the message would exceed five slots, or
the AIS broadcast would exceed the limit of 20 RATDMA slot transmissions for the current
frame, the AIS will return an ABK-sentence with an acknowledgement of 2 message
could not be broadcast.
$--BBM, x, x, x, x, x.x, s--s, x *hh<CR><LF>
ab cd e
f g
a: Total number of sentences needed to transfer the message, 1 to 9
b: Sentence number, 1 to 9
c: Sequential message identifier, 0 to 9
d: AIS channel for broadcast of the radio message
e: ITU-R M.1371 message ID, 8 or 14
f: Encapsulated data
Binary data parameter for Message 8 or safety related text parameter for Message 14.

g: Number of fill-bits, 0 to 5

AP2-9

2. General

DTM Datum reference


Local geodetic datum and datum offsets from a reference datum. This sentence is used to
define the datum to which a position location, and geographic locations in subsequent
sentences, are referenced. Latitude, longitude and altitude offsets from the reference datum,
and the selection of the reference datum, are also provided.
$--DTM, ccc, a, x.x, a, x.x, a, x.x, ccc *hh<CR><LF>
a
b
c
d
e
f
a: Local datum
WGS84=W84
WGS72=W72
SGS85=S85,
PE90=P90
User define=999
IHO datum code

b: Local datum subdivision code


c: Lat offset, min, N/S
d: Lon offset, min, E/W
e: Altitude offset, m
f: Reference datum
WGS84=W84
WGS72=W72
SGS85=S85
PE90=P90

GBS GNSS Satellite fault detection


This message is used to support receiver autonomous integrity monitoring (RAIM).
$--GBS, hhmmss.ss, x.x, x.x, x.x, xx, x.x, x.x, x.x *hh<CR><LF>
a
b c
d e
f
g h
a: UTC time of the GGA or GNS fix associated with this sentence
b: Expected error in latitude
c: Expected error in longitude
b: Expected error in altitude
e: ID number of most likely failed satellite
f: Probability of missed detection for most likely failed satellite
g: Estimate of bias on most likely failed satellite
h: Standard deviation of bias estimate

AP2-10

2. General

GGA Global positioning system fix data


Time, position and fix-related data for a GPS receiver.
$--GGA, hhmmss.ss, llll.ll, a, yyyyy.yy, a, , x,
a
b
c
d
xx, x.x, x.x, M, x.x, M, x.x, xxxx *hh<CR><LF>
e f
g h i j k
l
a: UTC of position
b: Latitude, N/S
c: Longitude, E/W
d: GPS quality indicator
0=Fix not available or invalid,
1=GPS SPS mode, fix valid,
2=Differential GPS, SPS mode, fix valid,
3=GPS PPS mode ,fix valid,
4=Real Time kinematic. Satellite system used in RTK mode with fixed integers
5=Float RTK. Satellite system used in RTK mode with floating integers,
6=Dead reckoning mode,
7=Manual input mode,
8=Simulator mode

e: Number of satellites in use, 00-12, may be different from the


number in view
f: Horizontal dilution of precision
g: Antenna altitude above/below mean sea level (geoid)
h: Units of antenna altitude, m
i: Geoidal separation (difference between the WGC-84)
j: Units of geoidal separation, m
k: Age of differential GPS data
l: Differential reference station ID, 0000-1023

AP2-11

2. General

GLL
Geographic position, latitude/longitude
Latitude and longitude of vessel position, time of position fix and status.
$--GLL, llll.ll, a, yyyyy.yy, a, hhmmss.ss, A, a *hh<CR><LF>
a
b
c
de
a: Latitude, N/S
b: Longitude, E/W
c: UTC of position
d: Status
A=data valid, V=data invalid

e: Mode indicator
A=Autonomous, M=Manual input, E=Dead reckoning
D=differential, S=Simulator, N=Data not valid

GNS
GNSS fix data
Fix data for single or combined satellite navigation systems (GNSS).
$--GNS, hhmmss.ss, llll.ll, a, yyyyy.yy, a, , c--c,
a
b
c
d
xx, x.x, x.x, x.x, x.x, x.x *hh<CR><LF>
e f
g h
i j
a: UTC of position
b: Latitude, N/S
c: Longitude, E/W
d: Mode indicator 1st char.=GPS, 2nd=GLONASS, 3rd=other satellite system
N=No fix
A=Autonomous
D=Differential
P=Precise
R=Real time Kinematic

F=Float RTK
E=Dead reckoning mode
M=Manual input mode
S=Simulator mode

e: Total number of satellites in use, 00-99


f: HDOP
g: Antenna altitude, m, re: mean-sea-level(geoid)
h: Geoidal separation, m
i: Age of differential data
j: Differential reference station ID

AP2-12

2. General

HDT
Heading true
Actual vessel heading in degrees true produced by any device or system producing true
heading.
$--HDT, x.x, T *hh<CR><LF>
a
a: Heading, degree true

Long Range Interrogation


LRI
The long-range interrogation of the AIS is accomplished through the use of two sentences.
The pair of interrogation sentences, a LRI-sentence followed by a LRF-sentence, provides the
information needed by an AIS to determine if it must construct and provide the reply sentences
(LRF, LR1, LR2, and LR3).
$--LRI, x, a, xxxxxxxxx, xxxxxxxxx, llll.ll, a, yyyyy.yy, a,
ab
c
d
e
f
llll.ll, a, yyyyy.yy, a *hh<CR><LF>
g
h
a: Sequence number, 0 to 9
b: Control flag
c: MMSI of requester
d: MMSI of destination
e: Latitude-N/S (north-east co-ordinate)note)
f: Longitude-E/W (north-east co-ordinate) note)
g: Latitude-N/S (south-west co-ordinate) note)
h: Longitude-E/W (south-west co-ordinate) note)
Note) The geographic region being interrogated is a rectangular area defined by
the L/L of the north east and south west corners.

AP2-13

2. General

LRF Long Range Function


This sentence is used in both long-range interrogation requests and long-range interrogation
replies. The LRF-sentence is the second sentence of the long-range interrogation request pair,
LRI and LRF.
The LRF-sentence is also the first sentence of the long-range interrogation reply. The
minimum reply consists of a LRF-sentence followed by a LR1-sentence. The LR2-sentence
and/or the LR3-sentence follow the LR1-sentence, if information provided in these sentences.
$--LRF, x, xxxxxxxxx, c--c, c--c, c--c *hh<CR><LF>
a
b
c
d
e
a: Sequence number, 0 to 9
b: MMIS of requester
c: Name of requester, 1 to 20 character string
d: Function request, 1 to 26 characters
A=Ships: name, callsign, and IMO number
B=Date and time of message composition
C=Position
E=COG(Course over ground)
F=SOG(Speed over ground)
I=ETA(Destination and Estimated Time of Arrival)
O=Draught
P=Ship/Cargo
U=Ships: length, breadth, type
W=Persons on board

e: Function reply status

AP2-14

2. General

LR1
Long Range Reply with destination for function request A
The LR1-sentence identifies the destination for the reply and contains the information
requested by the A function identification character (See the LRF-sentence).
$--LR1, x, xxxxxxxxx, xxxxxxxxx, c--c, c--c, xxxxxxxx *hh<CR><LF>
a
b
c
d
e
f
a: Sequence number, 0 to 9
b: MMIS of responder
c: MMIS of requester (reply destination)
d: Ships name, 1 to 20 characters
e: Call Sign, 1 to 7 characters
f: IMO number, 9 digit number

Long Range Reply for function requests B, C, E and F


LR2
The LR2-sentence contains the information requested by the B, C, E and F function
identification characters (See the LRF-sentence).
$--LR2, x, xxxxxxxxx, xxxxxxxxx, hhmmss.ss, llll.ll, a,
a
b
c
d
e
yyyyy.yy, a, x.x, T, x.x, N *hh<CR><LF>
f
g
h
a: Sequence number, 0 to 9
b: MMIS of responder
c: Date: ddmmyyyy, 8 digits
d: UTC time of position
e: Latitude, N/S (position co-ordinate, to 1 min.)
f: Longitude, E/W (position co-ordinate, to 1 min.)
g: Course over ground true, value to nearest degree
h: Speed over ground, value to 0.1 knot

AP2-15

2. General

LR3
Long Range Reply for function requests I, O, P, U and W
The LR3-sentence contains the information requested by the I, O, P, U, and W function
identification characters (See the LRF-sentence).
$--LR3, x, xxxxxxxxx, c--c, xxxxxx, hhmmss.ss, x.x, cc,
a
b
c
d
e
f g
x.x, x.x, x.x, x.x *hh<CR><LF>
h
i j k
a: Sequence number, 0 to 9
b: MMIS of responder
c: Voyage destination, 1 to 20 characters
d: ETA Date: ddmmyy
e: ETA Time, value to nearest second
f: Draught, value to 0.1 meter
g: Ship/Cargo
h: Ship length, value to nearest meter
i: Ships breadth, value to nearest meter
j: Ship type
k: Persons, 0 to 8191

OSD
Own ship data
Heading, course, speed, set and drift summary.
$--OSD, x.x, A, x.x, a, x.x, a, x.x, x.x, a *hh<CR><LF>
a b c d e f g h i
a: Heading, degrees true
b: Heading status
A=data valid, V=data invalid
c: Vessel course, degrees true
d: Course reference, B/M/W/R/P
B=bottom tracking log
M=manually entered
W=water referenced
R=radar tracking (of fixed target)
P=positioning system ground reference

e: Vessel speed
f: Speed reference, B/M/W/R/P
g: Vessel set, degrees true
h: Vessel drift(speed)
i: Speed unit (km/h, Knots, miles/h)

AP2-16

2. General

RMC Recommended minimum specific GNSS data


Time, date, position, course and speed data provided by a GNSS navigation receiver.
$--RMC, hhmmss.ss, A, llll.ll, a, yyyyy.yy, a, x.x,
a
b
c
d
e
x.x, xxxxxx, x.x, a, a *hh<CR><LF>
f
g
h
i
a: UTC of position fix
b: Status (A=data valid, V=navigation receiver warning)
c: Latitude, N/S
d: Longitude, E/W
e: Speed over ground, knots
f: Course over ground, degrees true
g: Date: dd/mm/yy
h: Magnetic variation, degrees, E/W
i: Mode indicator
A=Autonomous mode
D=Differential mode
E=dead reckoning mode

M=Manual input mode


S=Simulator mode
N=Data not valid

ROT Rate of turn


Rate of turn and direction of turn.
$--ROT, x.x, A *hh<CR><LF>
a b
a: Rate of turn, deg./min, -=bow turns to port
b: Status
(A=data valid, V=data invalid)

AP2-17

2. General

SSD Ship Static Data


This sentence is used to enter static parameters into a shipboard AIS.
$--SSD, c--c, c--c, xxx, xxx, xx, xx, c, aa *hh<CR><LF>
a
b
c
d e f g h
a: Ships Call Sign, 1 to 7 characters
b: Ships name, 1 to 20 characters
c: Pos. ref., A, distance from bow, 0 to 511 meters
d: Pos. ref., B, distance from stern, 0 to 511 meters
e: Pos. ref., C, distance from port beam, 0 to 63 meters
f: Pos. ref., D, distance from starboard beam, 0 to 63 meters
g: DTE indicator flag
0=Keyboard and display are a standard configuration,
and communication is supported.
1= Keyboard and display are either unknown or unable to support communication.

h: Source identifier

TXT
Text transmission
For the transmission of short text messages.
using multiple sentences.

Longer text messages may be transmitted by

$--TXT, xx, xx, xx, c--c *hh<CR><LF>


a b c d
a: Total number of messages, 01 to 99
b: Message number, 01 to 99
c: Text identifier
d: Text message

AP2-18

2. General

VBW Dual ground/water speed


Water-referenced and ground-referenced speed data.
$--VBW, x.x, x.x, A, x.x, x.x, A, x.x, A, x.x, A *hh<CR><LF>
a
b c d e
f g h i j
a: Longitudinal water speed, knots
b: Transverse water speed, knots
c: Status: water speed (A=data valid, V=data invalid)
d: Longitudinal ground speed, knots
e: Transverse ground speed, knots
f: Status: ground speed (A=data valid, V=data invalid)
g: Stern transverse water speed, knots
h: Status: stern water speed (A=data valid, V=data invalid)
i: Stern transverse ground speed, knots
j: Status: stern ground speed (A=data valid, V=data invalid)

VDM VHF Data Link Message


This sentence is used to transfer the entire contents of a received AIS message packet, as
defined in ITU-R M. 1371 and as received on the VHF Data Link (VDL), using the 6-bit
field type. The structure provides for the transfer of long binary messages by using multiple
sentences.
$--VDM, x, x, x, a, ss, x *hh<CR><LF>
ab cd e
f
a: Total number of sentences needed to transfer the message, 1 to 9
b: Sentence number, 1 to 9
c: Sequential message identifier, 0 to 9
d: AIS Channel, A or B
e: Encapsulated ITU-R M.1371 radio message
f: Number of fill-bits, 0 to 5

AP2-19

2. General

VDO VHF Data Link Own-vessel message


This sentence is used to provide the information assembled for broadcast by the AIS. It uses
the six-bit field type for encapsulation. The sentence uses the same structure as the VDM
sentence formatter.
$--VDO, x, x, x, a, ss, x *hh<CR><LF>
ab cd e
f
a: Total number of sentences needed to transfer the message, 1 to 9
b: Sentence number, 1 to 9
c: Sequential message identifier, 0 to 9
d: AIS Channel, A or B
e: Encapsulated ITU-R M.1371 radio message
f: Number of fill-bits, 0 to 5

VSD Voyage Static Data


This sentence is used to enter information about a ships voyage.
relatively static during the voyage.

This information remains

$--VSD, x.x, x.x, x.x, c--c, hhmmss.ss, xx, xx, x.x, x.x *hh<CR><LF>
a b c
d
e
f
g h
i
a: Type of ship and cargo category, 0 to 255
b: Maximum present static draught, 0 to 25.5 meter
c: Persons on-board, 0 to 8191
d: Destination, 1-20 characters
e: Est. UTC of destination arrival
f: Est. day of arrival at destination, 00 to 31 (UTC)
g: Est. month of arrival at destination, 00 to 12 (UTC)
h: Navigational status, 0 to 15
ex) 0=under way using engine
1=at anchor
2=not under command, etc.

i: Regional application flags, 0 to 15

AP2-20

2. General

VTG Course over ground and ground speed


The actual course and speed relative to the ground.
$--VTG, x.x, T, x.x, M, x.x, N, x.x, K, a *hh<CR><LF>
a
b
c
d
e
a: Curse over ground, degrees true
b: Curse over ground, degrees magnetic
c: Speed over ground, knot
d: Speed over ground, km/m
e: Mode indicator
A=Autonomous mode
D=Differential mode
E=Dead reckoning mode

M= Manual input mode


S= Simulator mode
N=Data not valid

AP2-21

3. New serial sentences overview

3. New serial sentences overview


The serial digital interface of the AIS is supported by a combination of existing and new IEC
61162-1 sentences. The table below summarizes the AIS messages use which use new
sentences.
Table 3.1(a)
Serial output sentence related to received VHF data link (VDL) messages
AIS message
MSG.1
MSG.2
MSG.3
MSG.9
MSG.18
MSG.21
MSG.4
MSG.5
MSG.19
MSG.12
MSG.14
MSG.6
MSG.8
MSG.7
MSG.10
MSG.11
MSG.13
MSG.15
MSG.16
MSG.17
MSG.20
MSG.22

Contents

Position Report
Position Report
Position Report
Standard SAR Aircraft Position Report
Standard Class B Equipment Position Report
Aids to Navigation Report
Base Station Report
Static and Voyage Related Data
Extended Class B Equipment Position Report
Addressed Safety Related Message
Safety Related broadcast Message
Binary Addressed Message
Binary broadcast Message
Binary Acknowledgement
UTC/Date inquiry
UTC/Date Response
Safety Relate Acknowledgement
Interrogation
Assignment Mode Command
DGNSS Broadcast Binary Message
Data Link Management Message
Channel Management

Sentence

AIS target display


information

Safety message handling


External Application
handling

VDM

System control

Serial output sentence related to broadcast VHF data link messages


AIS message
MSG.1
MSG.2
MSG.3
MSG.5
MSG.6
MSG.7
MSG.8
MSG.10
MSG.11
MSG.12
MSG.13
MSG.14
MSG.15

Contents

Position Report
Position Report
Position Report
Static and Voyage Related Data
Binary Addressed Message
Binary Acknowledgement
Binary broadcast Message
UTC/Date inquiry
UTC/Date Response
Addressed Safety Related Message
Safety Relate Acknowledgement
Safety Related broadcast Message
Interrogation

AP2-22

Sentence

VHF Data Link messages


broadcast by AIS

VDO

Addressed binary
Acknowledgement

ABK

3. New serial sentences overview

Table 3.1(b)
Serial output sentence not directly related to VHF data link messages
AIS message
-

Contents

Sentence

Long Range interrogation


Long Range interrogation
Long Range response
Long Range response
Long Range response
Regional channel
management information
Alarm status (existing)
Alarm status (existing)

LRI
LRF
LR1
LR2
LR3
ACA
ALR
TXT

Serial input sentence directly related to VHF data link messages


AIS message
MSG.5

Ship and voyage related data

MSG.5

Ship and voyage related data

MSG.6

addressed binary

MSG.8

broadcast binary

MSG.12

Addressed safety related

MSG.14

broadcast safety related

MSG.15

AIS interrogation request

Contents
Static and Voyage Related
Data
Static and Voyage Related
Data
Binary
Addressed
Message
Binary broadcast Message
Addressed Safety Related
Message
Safety Related broadcast
Message
Interrogation

Sentence
SSD
VSD
ABM
BBM
ABM
BBM
AIR

Serial input sentence not directly related to VHF data link messages
AIS message

Contents

channel assignment
AIS alarm ack (existing)
Long Range interrogation
Long Range interrogation

AP2-23

Sentence
ACA
ACK
LRI
LRF

Appendix 3) Specifications
Appendix 3) Specifications

GENERAL

1.1 Display

Monochrome STN-LCD, 60 (H) x 95 (W) mm,


120 x 64 dots
156.025 MHz to 162.025 MHz
2 W/ 12.5 W or 0W exchangeable
50 ohms
CH70 fixed, 156.525 MHz, G2B, 1200 bps
25 kHz/ 12.5 kHz

1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6

TX/RX Frequency
Output Power
Impedance
DSC Receiver
Band Width

TRANSPONDER UNIT

2.1 CPU
2.2 ROM
2.3 Menu

SH7709A, 76.0 MHz


Flash ROM 1 MW
Target data/ Plotter/ Own data/ Set MSG/
Init Settings/System Settings/ Diagnostics

GPS RECEIVER

3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4

Receiving Channels
Rx Frequency/ Rx Code
Position Fixing System
Position Accuracy

3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8

12 channels parallel, 12 satellites tracking


1575.42 MHz, C/A code
All in view, 8-state Kalman filter
Approx. 10 m, 95% of the time, (HDOP 1)
DGPS: approx. less than 5 m, 95% of the time
Tracking Velocity
900 kts
Position-fixing Time Warm start: 12 seconds, Cold start: 90 seconds
Position Update Interval:1 second
DGPS Data Receiving RTCM SC-104 Ver 2.1 formatted

INTERFACES

4.1 Sensor 1/ 2/ 3 (IEC61162-1/2)


Input:
DTM, GNS, GLL, GGA, RMC, VBW, VTG, OSD,
HDT, GBS, ROT (GN>GP>GL>LC)

AP3-1

Appendix 3) Specifications

4.2 PC I/O, EXTRA1, LR or ECDIS/RADAR (IEC61162-1/2)


Input:
VSD, SSD, ABM, BBM, ACA, ACK, AIR, DTM,
GBS, GGA, GLL,
GNS, HDT, LRF, LRI, OSD, RMC, ROT, VBW,
VTG
Output:
VDM, VDO, ABK, ACA, ALR, TXT, LR1, LR2, LR3,
LRF, LRI
4.3 Alarm
Contact Closure
4.4 LAN (10base-T)
IEC61162-4
4.5 AD-10
AD-10 format

POWER SUPPLY

5.1
5.2

Transponder Unit 12-24 VDC: 7.0-3.5 A max. (TX)


AC/DC Power Supply Unit (option)
100-115/200-230 VAC,
1 phase, 50/60 Hz

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION

6.1

Ambient Temperature
GPS Antenna Unit: -25C to +70C
Other units:
-15C to +55C
6.2 Relative Humidity 95% at 40C
6.3 Waterproof (IEC 61529)
Antenna Unit:
IPX6
Other units:
IPX0
6.4 Vibration
IEC 60945 ed.3

COATING COLOR

7.1
7.2

GPS Antenna Unit


Other units

N9.5
2.5GY5/1.5

AP3-2

of RP-250
Appendix 4) ConnectionAP4.1
toInstallation
FR-21x5

When FR-2105 series radar is connected to FA-100, the radar supports the connection
by software and features Radar Plotter RP-250 function. If the radar has already built-in
RP-26, replace it with RP-250. There are two types of RP-250; Navionics and C-MAP
versions.
Model

Code No.

Chart in use

RP-250-T-2E-N

000-080-196

NAVIONICS, FURUNO

RP-250-T-2E-C

000-080-197

C-MAP, FURUNO

Remarks
RP board: 14P0371A
(Code No. 008528020)
RP board: 14P0371B
(Code No. 008528030)

Note: Difference between 14P0371A and 14P0371B is PR-1 (MAIN) program. PR-2
(SUB) program is the same. C-MAP version is under development (as of 03/2003).

AP4.1 Installation of RP-250


AP4.1.1 Desk top/Console type
1. Loosen screws to remove the right arm cover on the bottom of the control
unit. Fig. AP4.1.1.
M4x8
M4X8

Arm cover

Control unit

Grounding wire

M4x8 3pieces

Arm cover

M4x10 2pcs.

Fig. AP4.1.1

Card inlet

Fig.AP4.1.2

2. Fix the arm cover on top of the Memory card assembly. Fig. AP4.1.2.
3. Remove the front cover of the control unit. Fig. AP4.1.3.

AP4-1

M card assembly

AP4.1 Installation of RP-250

4. Let the connector of Memory card assembly through the hole in the front panel of the
control unit. Fig. AP4.1.3.
Control unit

Slot

Front cover

Fig. AP4.1.3

5. Insert the RP board to the top slot. Fig. AP4.1.4 (b).


6. Connect the Memory card assembly to [J1] on RP board. See Fig. AP4.1.4 (b) for
cable run.
7. Connect the grounding wire to the chassis as shown in Fig. AP4.1.4 (a).
Cable clamp

AIS cable

INT board

Fig. AP4.1.4 (a)

RP Cable assy.

GYRO board

J456
Fix the grounding wire by this screw.
J4

AIS cable

RP board
ARP board
SPU board

Fig. AP4.1.4 (b)

J1

AP4-2

AP4.1 Installation of RP-250

8. Label function keys by supplied stickers as shown in Fig. AP4.1.5.

AIS data display

AIS menu

Fig. AP4.1.5

AP4.1.2 Separate type control unit


1. Lift the monitor.
2. Remove the lid, the card case and the cover from the Memory card assembly.
3. Fix the Memory card assembly with one M4x8 and two M3x8 screws as shown in
Fig. AP4.1.6(a).

Fig. AP4.1.6(a)

Fig. AP4.1.6(b)

4. Set the Memory card case lid removed from the assembly to the hole in the
front panel and fix with two M2.6x5 screws.
5. Loosen six screws to remove the front panel on the display pedestal.
6. Insert the RP board in the top slot in the board case.
7. Plug the connector from the card case into [J1] on the RP board.
8. Fix the ground wire to the board case.

AP4-3

AP4.2 Connection of FA-100

AP4.2 Connection of FA-100


1. Connect the NH connector assembly to the AIS cable. See Fig. AP4.2.1.
2. Run the AIS cable as shown in Fig. AP4.1.4 (a).
3. Connect the AIS cable to [J4] on RP board. Figs. AP4.2.2 and AP4.2.3.
A port, L/R ECDIS/RADAR, EXTRA I/O or PC I/O on the AIS is used.

FA-100 AIS transponder


Junction box (New type CB-100)

FR-2105 series
RP board
14P0371A

J4 Soldering

ex) L/R or ECDIS/RADAR port


Armor

How to connect the cable to the connector assembly

RD-A > 1 >

25

TD-A

26

TD-B

27

GNDiso

Tube

Pair

RD-B > 2 >


GND > 5 >

Pair

Twist and solder.

20 mm

*
*
*: Fix the cable by
clamping the armor.

1.Cut the tube for


20 mm and fix
to the wire rod.

2.Connect the
connector to
the signal cable.

3.Heat the tube


by the soldering
iron.

TTYCS-4 (See FA-100


installation manual.)

Fig. AP4.2.1

Fig. AP4.2.2

Table 4.2.1 FA-100 Port and TB number

Port

Signal

CB-100
(48P type)

CB-100
(41P type)

Terminal No.
L/R or
ECDIS/
RADAR
EXTRA
I/O

[J4] on RP board

PC I/O

Fig. AP4.2.3

AP4-4

TD4-A

25

21

TD4-B

26

22

GNG(iso)

27

25

TD5-A

31

26

TD5-B

32

27

GNG(iso)

33

30

TD8-A

37

31

TD8-B

38

32

GNG(iso)

39

35

AP4.3 Program updating

AP4.3 Program updating


Use the following table whether the radar and RP software support the AIS connection
or not. If not, upgrade the software. ** in the table shows the history of the minor
software change.
Table 4.3.1 Program files
Board

Program
name

SPU
Board

Batch file
for updating

No. 0359186001.**
14P0371A
(NAVIONICS)
No.035918700 .**
14P0371B
(C-MAP)

Up.bat

SUB (RP-2)

No. 0359188001.**

Up.bat

MAIN

No. 0359184001.**

Up_e.bat

MAIN (RP-1)
RP-250
Board

Program number

MAIN (RP-1)

Other files

- Loadmain.bin
- Rp_main.bin
- Uppg.exe
- Loaddisp.bin
- Rp_dsp.bin
- Uppg.exe
- Load.bin
- Fr2105e.bin
- Uppg.exe

AP4.3.1 Radar software


1. Turn off the radar.
2. Connect the PC serial port (D-SUB 9 pin) to [J456] on INT board by the PC
connection cable.

The cable is available from FURUNO in the following type and code number.
Type: JEC9S-XH4P-L1500, Code number: 000-145-362. This cable is also
used for RP-250 program updating.
Fig. AP4.3.1

AP4-5

AP4.3 Program updating

J456 on INT board

PC
SERIAL PORT
TX RS232C
RX RS232C
GND

J456 INT board (03P9252)


3
2
5
4
6
7
8

1
2
3
4

RS232C RXD
RS232C TXD
GND
N.C.

*: XH4P connector

*: D-SUB9P connector

Fig. AP4.3.2

J456 (XH4P) on INT board

Fig. AP4.3.3

3. Insert the floppy disk containing updating program into the slot on the PC and open
the file.
4. Double click the batch file icon, Upe.bat. The updating program runs automatically.
5. When the message, TARGET POWER ON appears, turn on the radar. The updating
starts automatically. The updating completes when the message Finish Version UP
appears.
6. Turn off the radar and disconnect the cable.

AP4-6

AP4.3 Program updating

Set the radar to the factory-setting


(Clear the memory by carrying out factory reset.)
1. Turn on the radar.
2. Press [RADAR MENU] five times while pressing [HL OFF].
3. Press [RADAR MENU][0][0][0][2][0][0][0] and [0], in this order.
4. Press [ENTER] five times.

And turn off the radar.

5. Turn on the radar. After the message, Initializingfor about 90 seconds, the radar
is in warm-up mode.
6. Set up the menu.
Open Initial Setting menu
1. Press [RADAR MENU] five times while holding [HL OFF].
2. Press [RADAR MENU][0][0][0][2] in this order.

AP4.3.2 RP software
1. Turn off the radar.
2. Connect the PC serial port (D-SUB 9 pin) to [J2] on PR-250 board by the
PC connection cable.

Connect to [J2] on
RP-250 board

Fig. AP4.3.4

[J2] on RP-250 board

Fig. AP4.3.5

AP4-7

AP4.3 Program updating

3. Insert the floppy disk containing updating program into the slot on the PC and open
the file.
4. Double click the batch file icon, Up.bat for MAIN (RP-1) or for SUB (RP-2). The
updating program runs automatically.
5. When the message, TARGET POWER ON appears, turn on the radar. The updating
starts automatically. The updating completes when the message Finish Version UP
appears.
6. Turn off the radar and disconnect the cable.
7. Clear RP-250 memory.
a) Set the dip switch, S1#1 to ON and then turn on the radar. The memory is
automatically cleared and the radar display appears.
b) After clearing the memory, set the dip switch, S1#1 to OFF.
[J2]: Program update port

Dip SW: S1

[J4]: AIS port

Fig. AP4.3.6

AP4.3.3 Checking program


Program numbers are displayed in the test display.
1. Keystroke: [RADAR MENU][0][0][0][3][ENTER].
2. The test is started automatically.
3. Press [ENTER] five times while holding [HL OFF] to show the program number in
full digit.
FR-2105

MAIN
ARP
DSP
RP-1
RP-2

TEST

PROGRAM NO
0359184001**
18590381XX
18590391XX
0359186001**
0359188001**
DRAM
RP BOARD BAT
RP CARD1
CARD1 BAT

ROM
OK

RAM
OK

CRAM

DIPSW
1234

OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

OK
OK
OK

OK
OK
OK
OK

0000

Note: * shows minor change.

00
00

OK
SIO
CARD2
CARD2 BAT

-OK
OK

ANTENNA SPEED 23.8RPM


1432Hz
TRIG FREQ.
MAG CURRENT 11.1V
1.8V
R. MONITOR
TUNE IND.
0.8V
123

Fig. AP4.3.7

002
251
008

AP4-8

AP4.4 Setting

AP4.4 Setting
AP4.4.1 Setting on FA-100
Press [MENU][6][1][1]to set I/O SPEED to 38.4 k for the port connected to the radar.
Table AP4.4.1
Port

I/O SPEED

Port

I/O SPEED

PC I/O

38.4 k

LR

38.4 k

SNSR 1

4800

BCON

4800

SNSR 2

4800

EXTRA 1

38.4 k

SNSR 3

4800

XTRA I/O

4800

Note: When FR-2105 is connected to L/R port, I/O FUNCTION of LR port is set to
PORT LR: EXT DISP. Keystroke: [MENU][6][1][2].

AP4.4.2 Setting on FR-21x5


Program the function keys for AIS operation.
1. Press [RADAR MENU][0][0][5] in this order.
2. Select OPERATE by pressing [2], followed by [ENTER].
3. Place the pointer (arrow) onto AIS DATA by using the trackball and then press
[ENTER]. AIS DATA is assigned to the function 3 key.

AIS MENU
AIS DATA

Fig. AP4.4.1

4. Press [1][6].
5. Select [OPERATE] by pressing [2], followed by [ENTER].
6. Place the pointer (arrow) onto AIS MENU by using the trackball and then press
[ENTER]. AIS MENU is assigned to the function 4 key.
7. Press [RADAR MENU] to close the menu.

AP4-9

AP4.5 Showing AIS target in radar display

AP4.5 Showing AIS target in radar display


1. Press [AIS MENU] in order. AIS (1) menu appears.
2. Press [9: AIS ON/OFF] to set to ON.
3. AIS FUNC changes to ON at the left of the tune indicator.
4. Press [RADAR MENU] key.
5. Press [9] key to choose display mode to the Radar/Video Plotter or Video Plotter.
6. AIS DISP changes to ON at the left of the tune indicator.

AIS FUNC: ON (OFF)


DISP: ON (OFF)

Fig. AP4.5.1

AP4-10

AP4.6 Checking of RP board

AP4.6 Checking of RP board


AP4.6.1 LESs
LEDs on RP board (14P0371A/B) function as below.
Table AP4.6.1 LED status
LED

Function

Status

CR6

AIS input data

Blinking when AIS data is input.

CR1

CPU2 operation

Blinking when CPU2 (SUB CPU: RP-2) works normally.

CR2

CPU1 operation

Blinking when CPU1 (MAIN CPU:RP-1) works normally.

Table AP4.6.2 DIP switch function


DIP SW
#1
#2-4

Function
Memory is cleared when this switch is set to ON and then turn on
the unit.
Not used
J4: AIS port
1. RD A
2. RD B

J2: Program update port


1. DIN1 3. GND
2. DOUT1 4. N.C
CR1
CR2
(CPU2) (CPU1)

S1: DIP SW

3. TD A 5. GND
4. TD B
CR6
(AIS)

JP2
JP3
JP4
JP5

Fig. AP4.6.1

AP4-11

AP4.6 Checking of RP board

AP4.6.2 AIS interface circuit


Fig. AP4.6.2 shows AIS interface circuit on RP board. When FA-100 is connected to the
RP board, current loop circuit is selected by jumper settings.
Table AP4.6.3 Jumper setting
Jumper

C. Loop (Factory default setting)

RS-422

JP2
JP3
JP4
JP5

Short

Open

Open

Short

CR6
220

JP2

U61

6
AN

(CRNT)

Vcc

VO
4
CT

GND
5

JP3
JP5

(422)

15k

U10

8
Vcc

2.2k

DE
RE N

[J4]: AIS
1
2
3
4
5

RD A
RD B
TD A
TD B
GND

RO
7

(422)

DI
4
3
2

CPU1 MD2 RXD2

GND
5

15k

U11

22

Vcc
6

DE
RE N

22

RO
7

CPU1 MD1 TXD2

DI

GND

4
3
2
1

Fig. AP4.6.2

AP4-12

U19
(CPU 1:Chart CPU)

(422)
JP4

AP4.6 Checking of RP board

AP4.6.3 FR-2105 AIS Menu tree


[AIS MENU] Key
1 ACTIVATE TARGET
2 SLEEP TARGET
3 BASIC DATA
4 [EXTENDED DATA]
Detailed data for selected target
5 LOST TARGET
6 [MESSAGE]
1 [AIS(1)]
7 ACTIVATE ALL TARGETS
2 SAFETY RELATED MESSAGE (ADDRESSED)
3 SAFETY RELATED MESSAGE (BROADCAST)
8 SLEEP ALL TARGETS
4 BINARY MESSAGE (ADDRESSED)
9 AIS (OFF, ON)#
5 BINARY MESSAGE (BROADCAST)
0 [AIS(2)]
6 AUTO DISPLAY (OFF, ON)
1 [AIS(1)]
2 HISTORY (OFF, ON)
3 HISTORY POINTS (5, 10)
4 HISTORY INTERVAL (10, 30 s; 1, 2, 3 , 6 min)
5 HISTORY COLOR (RED, MAGENTA, YELLOW*, GREEN*, CYAN, BLUE, WHITE*)
6 SYMBOL COLOR (RED, MAGENTA, YELLOW*, GREEN*, CYAN, BLUE, WHITE*)
7 ROT TAG (Enter shIps rate of turn.)
8 AUTO ACTIVATE (OFF, ON: Enter auto activation range.)
9 LOST TARGET RANGE (Enter lost target range.)
0 [AIS(3)]
1 [AIS(2)]
2 FUSION** (OFF; ON: Position, range, bearing, speed, course)
*: Not available on IMO type.
**: Displayed with ARPA connection
# = Not displayed on IMO G-type radar when using dead reckoning navigation.

** AIS ALM message appears in the AIS(3) menu (keystroke; [AIS MENU][0][0]) **

AP4-13

This page is intentionally left blank.

AP5.1to
Installation
of RP-340 board
Appendix 5) Connection
FAR-28X5

When FR/FAR-2805 series radar is connected to FA-100, RP-340 is required. When


RP-25 board is already installed, replace it with RP-340. RP-340 built-in kit is available
in the following code number.
RP-340

Code No.

RP-340-2E-N 000-080-210

Chart for
NAVIONICS,
FURUNO

Remarks
RP board: 14P0371C
(Code No. 008528990)

RP-340 can be installed in the radar in which SPU board is 03P9111-66 comply with
new radar standard and after.

AP5.1 Installation of RP-340 board


Insert the RP board into the No. 3 slot in the card case.
1. SPU board
2. ARP board
3. RP-340 board

Fig. AP5.1.1

AP5.1.1 Program change of SPU board


Change PROMs, U8 and U138 with the following version.
Table AP5.1.1
Program
Main CPU

Parts number

Program number

U8

0359190101.xx

U138

0359190201.xx

AP5-1

Code number
008529100

AP5.1 Installation of RP-340 board

U138: MAIN-2 CPU PROM

U8: MAIN-1 CPU PROM

Fig. AP5.1.2 SPU board: 03P9111-66

After changing PROMs, clear the memory by following steps below or carry out factory
reset.
1. Press [RADAR MENU] five times while pressing [HL OFF].
2. Press [RADAR MENU][0][0][2][0][0][0][0] in this order, followed by [ENTER].
3. Turn off the system and on it again.
4. Press [RADAR MENU] five times while holding [HL OFF].
Press [RADAR MENU][0][0][2] in this order to show Initial Setting.

AP5-2

AP5.2 Fixing Memory Card Assembly

AP5.2 Fixing Memory Card Assembly


To installation Memory card assembly;
1. Insert Memory card assembly into the slot in the left side of the control unit, and then
fix it by two M4x8 screws.
2. Connect [J2] on M card assembly to [J1] on RP board.
3. Fix the cable with a cable tie so that the EMI core does not move.
4. Connect the grounding wire to the board case.
Cable assy.
RP board

Fix the grounding


wire here.

J1

Fix with a cable tie so that the EMI core


does not move.

No. 3
slot

M card assy.

J2

Memory card drive

PCB
Card Case

Fig.AP5.2.1

EMI core

5. Attach the key label on top of the following keys and below the card slot.

ORIGIN

VECTOR
TRUE/
REL

VECTOR
TIME

Function key
#1

#2

#3 #4
AIS
DATA

AIS
MENU

AIS key sheet

MARK

CHART
ALIGN

VIDEO
PLOT

NAV
MENU

CANCE

Card slot

Video plotter key label


Seal here.
Arrow label

Fig.AP5.2.2

AP5-3

Disply unit

AP5.3 Connection of FA-100

AP5.3 Connection of FA-100


1. Let the AIS cable through the cable clamp opening, rear side (desktop type) or
bottom (console type) of the control unit.
2. Ground the cable through the cable clamp.
3. Run the cable as shown in Fig. AP5.3.1.
RP board

Board case

AIS cable

Fig. AP5.3.1

4. Connect NH connector assembly to the AIS cable, and then connect it to [J4] on RP
board. The AIS port, L/R ECDIS/RADAR, EXTRA I/O or PC I/O on FA-100
is used. See page AP4-4 for terminal numbers.
FA-100 AIS transponder conjunction
box (new type CB-100)

FR/FAR-2805 series
RP board
14P0371

ex) L/R or ECDIS/RADAR port

J4 Soldering
Armor

RD-A > 1 >

25

TD-A

26

TD-B

27

GNDiso

Pair

RD-B > 2 >


GND > 5 >

Pair

*
*
*:Fix the cable by
clamping the armor.

TTYCS-4 (See FA-100 installation


manual.)

Fig. AP5.3.2

AP5-4

AP5.4 RP Program change

AP5.4 RP Program change


To update main (RP-1) and sub (RP-2) CPU programs, follow the procedure below. The
same procedure is used to update both programs.
RP-340: 14P0371C board
J2: Program (Program updating port)
J4: AIS (AIS connecting port)
S1: Dip SW

J2

S1 J4

Fig. AP5.4.1

Table AP5.4.1
Program name

Program number

File name

Remarks

- Loadmain.bin
MAIN CPU (RP-1)

SUB CPU (RP-2)

0359192101.xx

0359194101.xx

- Rp_main.bin
- Up.bat
- Uppg.exe
- Loaddisp.bin
- Rp_dsp.bin
- Up.bat
- Uppg.exe

AP5-5

Batch file for updating

Batch file for updating

AP5.4 RP Program change

AP5.4.1 Program updating


1. Turn off the radar.
2. Connect the PC to [J2] on 14P0371C by the PC connection cable.
COM Serial Port (RS-232C)

IBM-PC/AT
DCD
RxD
TxD
DTR
GND
DSR
RTS
CTS
RI

[J2:Program]

D-sub 9p connector

XH4P connector

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

1
2
3
4

RxD
TxD
GND
N.C

14P0371

The cable is available from FURUNO in the following type and code number.
Type: JEC9S-XH4P-L1500, Code number: 000-145-362. This cable is also
used for updating RP-250 program.
Fig. AP5.4.2

3. Insert the floppy disk containing the latest program into the slot on the PC and open
the file.
4. Double click the batch file icon, Up.bat for MAIN (RP-1) or for SUB (RP-2). The
updating program runs automatically.
5. When the message, TARGET POWER ON appears, turn on the radar. The updating
starts automatically. When the updating completes, the message Finish Version UP
appears. It takes about 15 minutes.
6. Turn off the radar and disconnect the cable.
7. Clear RP-340 memory.
a) Set the dip switch, S1#1 to on and then turn on the radar. The memory is
automatically cleared and the radar display appears.
b) Set the dip switch, S1#1 to off.
[J2]: Program update port

Dip SW: S1

Fig. AP5.4.3

AP5-6

[J4]: AIS port

AP5.4 RP Program change

AP5.4.2 Checking program number


1. Program numbers are displayed in the test display. Keystroke: [RADAR
MENU][0][0][3][3][ENTER].
2. The test is started automatically.
3. Press [ENTER] five times while holding [HL OFF] to show the program number in
full digit.

FR/FAR-2805 TEST
PROGRAM NO.
MAIN 035919010**
SUB 0359057134*

ROM
OK
OK

RAM
OK
OK

ARP 1859038106*
DSP 1859039101

OK
OK

OK
OK

OK
OK

0000

RP-1 035919210**
RP-2 035919410**
DRAM
RP BOARD BAT
RP CARD1
CARD1 BAT

OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

OK

OK
OK

00
00

CRAM
OK

DIPSW
1111

OK
SIO
CARD2
CARD2 BAT

-OK
OK

Fig. AP5.4.4

AP5-7

Note: * shows minor change.

AP5.5 Setting

AP5.5 Setting
AP5.5.1FA-100
Press [MENU][6][1][1] and set I/O SPEED to 38.4 k for radar connection.
Table AP5.5.1
Port
PC I/O
SNSR 1
SNSR 2
SNSR 3

I/O SPEED
38.4 k
4800
4800
4800

Port
LR*
BCON
EXTRA 1
XTRA I/O

I/O SPEED
38.4 k
4800
38.4 k
4800

Note: When FR-2805 is connected to L/R port, I/O FUNCTION of LR port is set to
PORT LR: EXT DISP. Keystroke: [MENU][6][1][2].

AP5.5.2 FR/FAR-28x5
1. Press [RADAR MENU][0][5] to select Function 3.
2. Select OPERATION by pressing [2], followed by [ENTER].
3. Select AIS DATA by pressing [3].

AIS MENU
AIS DATA

Fig. AP5.5.1

4. Press [ENTER] so that Function 3 key works as AIS DATA.


5. Press [1][6] to select Function 4.
6. Select OPERATION by pressing [2], followed by [ENTER].
7. Select AIS DATA by pressing [3].
8. Press [ENTER] so that Function 4 key works as AIS MENU.
9. Press [RADAR MENU] to close the menu.

AP5-8

AP5.6 Showing AIS target in radar display

AP5.6 Showing AIS target in radar display


1. Press [AIS MENU]. AIS (1) menu appears.
2. Select DISP by pressing [9:AIS ON/OFF].

AIS MENU-1
9.AIS OFF/FUNC/DISP

AISD

Fig. AP5.6.1

AP5-9

AP5.7 Checking of board

AP5.7 Checking of board


AP5.7.1 LEDs
See page AP4-11.

AP5.7.2 AIS interface circuit


See page AP4-12.

AP5.7.3 FR-2805 AIS Menu tree


[AIS MENU] key
1 ACTIVATE TARGET
2 SLEEP TARGET
3 BASIC DATA
4 [EXTENDED DATA]
Detailed data for selected target
5 LOST TARGET
6 [MESSAGE]
1 [AIS 1]
7 ACTIVATE ALL TARGETS
2 SAFETY RELATED MESSAGE (ADDRESSED)
3 SAFETY RELATED MESSAGE (BROADCAST)
8 SLEEP ALL TARGETS
4 BINARY MESSAGE (ADDRESSED)
(OFF,
FUNC, DISP)
9 AIS (OFF
, ON)
5 BINARY MESSAGE (BROADCAST)
0 [AIS 2]
6 AUTO DISPLAY (OFF, ON)
1 [AIS 1]
2 HISTORY (OFF, ON)
3 HISTORY POINTS (5, 10)
4 HISTORY INTERVAL (10, 30 s; 1, 2, 3 , 6 min)
5
6
7 ROT TAG (Enter shIps rate of turn.)
8 AUTO ACTIVATE (OFF, ON: Enter auto activation range.)
9 LOST TARGET RANGE (Enter lost target range.)
0 [AIS 3]
1 [AIS 2]
2 FUSION* (OFF; ON: Position, range, bearing, speed, course)

** AIS ALM message appears in the AIS(3) menu (keystroke; [AIS MENU][0][0]) **

AP5-10

AP6.1 Connection
Appendix 6) Connection to FEA-2105

AP6.1 Connection
To connect FA-100 to FEA-2105;
1. Install high speed SIF card to the corresponding port in FEA-2105 A-adapter. The
card is identified by the label IEC 61162 from other cards.
TS2 TS1

TIF1 port

TIF4 port
High speed SIF card
(Carrying IEC61162-2 label)

TS-x
(Connect FA-100
to one of TS
terminals.)

TS8 TS7

TIF7 port

Fig. AP6.1.1 FEA-2105 A-adapter

a) High speed SIF card


(Carrying IEC61162-2 label)

b) RIF module (RX only)

c) Normal SIF card

Fig. AP6.1.2 I/F cards for A-adapter

AP6-1

AP6.1 Connection

2. Connect CB-100 of FA-100 to A adapter of FA-100 as shown in Fig.AP6.1.3.


The AIS port, L/R ECDIS/RADAR, EXTRA I/O or PC I/O is used on FA-100.

Port

Signal

CB-100
(48P type)

FEA-2105

CB-100
(41P type)

FA-100

Terminal No.
L/R or
ECDIS/
RADAR
EXTRA
I/O

PC I/O

TD4-A

25

CB-100

21

TD4-B

26

22

GNG(iso)

27

25

TD5-A

31

26

TD5-B

32

27

GNG(iso)

33

30

TD8-A

37

31

TD8-B

38

32

GNG(iso)

39

35

TDX-A

A adapter
TS X
IEC-61162-2

RXx +

TDX-B

RXx -

GND (iso)

TXx +
TXx -

Port
- L/R or
ECDIS/RADAR
- EXTRA I/O
- PC I/O

TX
GND
GND
GND

Fig.AP6.1 3

AP6-2

AP6.2 Updating FEA-2105 system program

AP6.2 Updating FEA-2105 system program


The FEA-2105 system program which supports AIS function is version 3.01 and above.
Program version of FEA-2105 is displayed at the lower right corner.

System version

If the program is lower than version 3.01, follow the procedure below.

Closing ECDIS program


1. Connect the service keyboard to EC-1000 (EC-1000B).

CDROM drive

Service keyboard
FDD
Service keyboard

2. Press [TAB] while holding [ALT]. The pop-up window as shown in the following
picture appears.

AP6-3

AP6.2 Updating FEA-2105 system program

3. Press [TAB] while pressing [ALT] until ECA WATCH appears in the list box.
ECA WATC window appears.
ECA WATCH

ANTS.ECDIS PROCESS STARTER


This window control execution of various ECDIS software
computers. To move this window in background click
chart area with SELECT push button.

INS PROSESS

Restart

Stop

HUMAN INTERFACE

Restart

Stop

S57/DRAWING

Restart

Stop

VOYAGE RECORDER

Restart

Stop

CONNING DISPLAY

Restart

Stop

ACCESS SERVER

Restart

Stop

Shutdown the ECDIS

4. Move the pointer onto Shutdown the ECDIS in ECA WATCH window and press
[SELECT]. The following message appears.

Service engineer: If you want to close this window


1. Move cursor here and press SELECT button.
2. Use service keyboard and press ALT and F4 key together.
ECDIS user: If this window remains forever you can use Power Off/On
to restart the ECDIS

)
When system Program is
Ver: 3.01 or more,
this message appears.

5. Move the pointer onto the sentence, 1. Move cursor here and press SELECT
button. and press [SELECT].

AP6-4

AP6.2 Updating FEA-2105 system program

6. Press [F4] while pressing [ALT]. The display changes to Windows NT.

Updating ECDIS program (Ver3.01 and above)


7. Insert the program CD-ROM (ver.3.01 and above) to CDROM drive in EC-1000
(EC-1000B).
8. Run Windows NT explorer in PROGRAM holder in START menu.

9. Select E drive (CDROM) to open the file on the CDROM.


10. Move the pointer onto install holder icon and then press [SELECT] twice to open
the holder.

Setup.exe

AP6-5

AP6.2 Updating FEA-2105 system program

11. Move the pointer onto Setup. exe file icon and then press [SELECT] twice to open
the file. The following window appears.

Warning
Installation cant shutdown ECDIS sofware automatically
Shutdown ECDIS software befor continuing
1. Use shutdown the ECDIS from EACWATCH
2. Use Alt+F4 to close background window with text press ALT and F4 if you want to close the window
OK

12. Move the pointer onto OK and press [SELECT]. The System information
window appears. Move the pointer onto [NEXT] and press [SELECT]. The Setup
Type window appears.

13. Select installation type and then move the pointer onto [NEXT] and press
[SELECT]. The Select Optional Components window appears.

Conning Display version 00.0x (untested)


Demo ECDIS version 0x.0x
ECDIS version 0x.0x

(Select, usually)

ECDIS with Conning Display and trackpilot interf. Version 0x.0x


ECDIS with Conning Display version 0x.0x

AP6-6

AP6.2 Updating FEA-2105 system program

14. Move the pointer onto [NEXT] and press [SELECT]. The User info window
appears.
15. Move the pointer onto [NEXT] and press [SELECT].
Re-enter the Password and
HASP.pin number as below.
- Password: ECDIS
- HASP.pin: 2371

16. Following windows appear in order; Share info, SIO386 Settings, Radar
overlay settings, Select default color caribration, COM-port settings and Start
copying Files. Move the pointer onto [NEXT] in each window and press
[SELECT]. The System Cleanup window appears.
17. Remove the tick in S57 Senc files line and press [SELECT]. The program
updating starts automatically.
INS Sav files
ECAHI Detail files
S57 Group files
S57 Senc files
S57 Catalog files
Voyage Log files

AP6-7

Remove the mark.

AP6.2 Updating FEA-2105 system program

18. When the window below appears, move the pointer onto [OK] and press [SELECT].
The Setup complete window appears.

19. Select [Yes] and move the pointer onto [Finish] and press [SELECT]. The ECDIS
starts automatically.

Yes, I want to restart my computer now


No, I will restart my computer later

AP6-8

AP6.3 Setting

AP6.3 Setting
AP6.3.1 Setting on FA-100
Press [MENU][6][1][1] and set I/O SPEED to 38.4 k.
Port
PC I/O
SNSR 1
SNSR 2
SNSR 3

I/O SPEED
38.4 k
4800
4800
4800

Port
LR*
BCON
EXTRA 1
XTRA I/O

I/O SPEED
38.4 k
4800
38.4 k
4800

Note: When FEA-2105 is connected to L/R port, I/O FUNCTION of LR port is set to
PORT LR: EXT DISP. Keystroke: [MENU][6][1][2]

AP6.3.2 Setting on FEA-2105


1. Insert the KEY disk to the floppy drive.
2. Press INITIAL SETTING twice and INITIAL SETTING window appears.
Set time
Parameter Backup
Digitizer
Backup and Restore
Installation Parameter
Navigation Parameter
Chart Alarm Parameter
Optimization Parameter
Print Navigation Parameter
Print Optimization Parameter
Selftest

Fig.3.4

Presentation library
Access server and Diagnostic

AP6-9

AP6.3 Setting

3. Move the cursor onto Installation Parameter and press [SELECT] to open
Installation Parameter.
Installation parameters
Sensor Parameters

Set parameter default Sensor Channel usage

Workstation parameters
Set Signal Workstation Mode

OK

Workstations

Cancel

4. Move the pointer onto


show SENSOR list.

in Sensor Parameter list box and press [SELECT] to

General
Gyro 1
Gyro 2

Speedpilot
AIS Transponder
VDR

5. Move the cursor onto AIS Transponder and press [SELECT] to show Edit
parameters-AIS transponder.

Edit parameters-AIS transponder


Connected

YES

A- Adapter CH

Device interface
Device mode

OK
Cancel
IEC61162-2(38400 bit/s)
Allow illegal values

IEC61162-1 Transmit checksum


Checksum

Used

Char not included (IEC61162-1 or 2)

AP6-10

AP6.3 Setting

6. Set items in AIS parameter setting menu as shown in the table below. (Select
screened parameters.)
Item
Connected
A-Adapter
Device
interface
Device mode
IEC61162-1
Transmit
Checksum
Checksum

Setting
NO
YES
1 to 16
IEC61162-2
(38400 bit/s)
IEC61162-1 (4800 bit/s)
Normal IEC61993-2
Allow illegal values
Not used

Remarks

Set the port number to which AIS is connected.

Used
$Char not included
(IEC61162-1 or2)
$Char included
(Some old NMEA)

7. Move the cursor onto [OK] and press [SELECT] to return to Installation
parameters window.
8. Move the cursor onto [OK] and press [SELECT] to show SIO Booting.
9. Remove the Key disk from the floppy disk drive.

AP6-11

AP6.3 Setting

AP6.3.3 Displaying AIS target


1. Press [CHART DISPLAY] on FEA-2105. The following Chart display window
appears. If not, move the pointer onto the Tracking and press [SELECT].
Chart display

Chart

Standerd

Other

Mariner

Route

Tracking
Past tracks
Off

Std

Other
Ship System
Ship Primary
Ship Secndery

Length 20 min

Labels

Length 20 min

Labels

min

ARPA target

Off

Std

min

Other
Predictor ship 30

sec

User Events
Automatic Events
Positions
Show

Not older than 3 month

Radar Overlay
ARPA target
AIS targets
AIS target names
Max. count 200

Max. range 48

Ship true symbol scale

nm

1:50000

2. Set AIS target and AIS target names lines, Max. count and Max. range.
AIS target
Move the pointer onto Std on AIS target line and press [SELECT] to turn on
AIS target display.
- Off : AIS target display is off
- Std : AIS target display is on
- Other: AIS target is on until [STANDARD] is pressed. when [STANDARD]
is pressed, AIS target is off.
AIS target name
Move the pointer onto Std on AIS target names line and press [SELECT] to
turn on AIS target name.
- Off

: AIS target has no ships name.

- Std

: AIS target has ships name.

- Other : AIS target has ships name until [STANDARD] is pressed. When
[STANDARD] is pressed, ships name disappears.

AP6-12

AP6.3 Setting

Max. count
To set the maximum number of the nearest AIS target from the own ship, move
the pointer onto in Max. count box and press [SELECT]. Select 20, 40, 100
or 200 and press [SELECT].
Max. range
Move the pointer onto in Max. range box and press [SELECT]. Select 6, 12,
24 or 48 and press [SELECT]. The AIS target within the setting range is
displayed on FEA-2105.
.

AP6-13

AP6.4 Checking AIS signal to FEA-2105

AP6.4 Checking AIS signal to FEA-2105


When RX LED in FEA-2105 A-adapter blinks, FEA-2105 receives the signal normally.
LED number corresponds to the T.B. number.

5V
C2 TX
R2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 C1 C3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 R1 R3

RX

TIF-1

TIF-4

AP6-14

D -1
B
SCREW

M3X8
EDGESADDLE
(000-881-404)
EDS-0607M
LKY2PCB
24P0026
(005-950-780)

CLAMP
RUBBERKEY
UAMS-03-0
24-003-2021
(100-299-184)
GPS

GPSRECEIVERASSY.
FILTER
(005-952-860)
05-085-1006

+B
SCREW
M2X4
(000-803-232)

2
CHASSIS2
24-003-2105
(100-299-232)

RX2

DSC

PWR
PA
ANT
DSC
PA

R2

FRE
Q

R1
RX2

DRV

PN

PA
ON

CNT EXC
R T

1C S
5
h
4
2Ieck
nse con
rt nec
pin tio
plunca
gs ref
car ull
efu yb
lly efo
. re
tur
n-o
n.

1
PCBFIXINGPLATE1
24-003-2102
(100-299-205)

EXCT
EXCTASSY.
(005-952-260)
DSC
DSCASSY.
(005-952-270)

R2

RX1

R1

2
RUBBER
24-003-2124
(100-299-292)
1
RUBBER
24-003-2123
(100-299-282)

PARTITIONPLATE
24-003-2122

(100-299-275)
SQUAREBUSH
2
SB-1909-F
(000-126-024) PCBFIXINGPLATE2
24-003-2103

B
(100-299-213)
REARPLATE
CHASSIS
24-003-2101

(100-299-198)

GUIDERAIL
EDGING
FGR-80WSP
CE-012
(000-805-830)
(000-570-280)
A

BOTTOMPLATE
24-003-2126
(100-299-302)

RX1
RX1ASSY.
(005-952-240)

RX2
RX2ASSY.
(005-952-250)

+
SCREW
M3X8
(000-800-206)

FIXINGPLATE
24-003-2171
(100-299-372)
MPBPCB
24P0015
(005-950-880)

REARPLATE
24-003-2131
(100-299-326)

CABLEASSY.
TNCBPJ(140)
(000-143-748)

+UIB
SCREW
M4X10
(000-807-433)

-B
SCREW
M6X25
(000-802-771)

2002.10.2
CHECKED

2002.10.2
DRAWN

2002.10.2

FIXINGPLATE
24-003-2172
(100-299-382)

APPROVED

FRONTPLATE
24-003-2121
(100-299-265)

B
SCREW
M3X8
(000-881-404)

RX1

PA

NOT
E

ON

PN

to
VHF
-AN
T

ANT
PA
FRE EXC
Q T

PWX
PWXASSY.
(005-952-290)
PA
PAASSY.
(005-952-280)

to
DRV
(PA
)

EMI
EMIGASKET
UC-300480
(000-808-033)

1
CHASSIS1
24-003-2104
(100-299-225)

FRONTPANEL
24-003-2301

ON

A
SCREW
M3X8
(000-881-104)

COVER
24-003-2153
(100-299-363)

MOT2PCB
24P0024
(005-950-800)

GUIDERAIL
FGR-80WSP
(000-805-830)

MOD

A
SCREW
M3X8
(000-881-104)

GPS
GPSFIXINGPLATE
24-003-2111

DRV

RRONTPANELASSY.
(005-952-310)

+
SCREW
M3X8
(000-800-206)

A
SCREW
M3X8
(000-881-104)

GPS
GPSRECEIVER
GN-79N5A-N

TITLE

FA-100
DWG. NO.

F
SCREW
M4X8
(000-806-407)

BREAKER
TBC5101-01-1211
A
SCREW
M3X8
(000-881-104)

FILTERASSY.
A (005-952-300)

DCNPCB
24P0020

CONNEC
TOR
M-BR-1
91
(000-1
25-916)
(3)
PLUG(3)
XM2Z-0022
(000-126-440)
OCN2PCB
24P0025
(005-950-790)
B
SCREW
M3X8
(000-881-404)
DSUB1
DSUBPLATE1
24-003-2141
(100-299-341)
DSUB2
DSUBPLATE2
24-003-2142
(100-299-351)

TRANSPONDER UNIT

C4417-E01-B

FURUNO

ELECTRICAL PARTS LIST


200210

Model
Unit

FA-100

TRANSPONDER UNIT
Ref.Dwg. C4417-K01-A
Blk.No.

Page

E-1

SYMBOL TYPE

CODE No.

REMARKS

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD


24P0026, LKY2
24P0025, OCN2
24P0024, MOT2
24P0015, MPB

005-950-780
005-950-790
005-950-800
005-950-880

ASSEMBLY
RX1
RX2
EXCT
DSC
PA
PWX

005-952-240
005-952-250
005-952-260
005-952-270
005-952-280
005-952-290

GPS RECEIVER ASSEMBLY


FA-100

GPS
005-952-860

FRONT PANEL ASSEMBLY


FA-100

005-952-310

FILTER ASSEMBLY
FA-100

005-952-300
DNC 24P0020

BK1

BREAKER
TBC5101-01-1211

000-119-400

J1

CONNECTOR
M-BR-191

000-125-916

CABLE w/CONNECTOR
TNCBPJ (140)
PH14-W-L70
PH13-W-L70

000-143-748
000-146-332
24S0025-2
000-146-320
24S0013-2

J2

SHIPPABLE
ASSEMBLY

X
X
X
X

24P0010A
24P0010B
24P0012
24P0013
24P0014
24P0016

X
X
X
X
X
X

Contents of Drawings

Name
Interconnection Diagram
(CB-100: 41p)
Interconnection Diagram
(CB-100: 48p)
FA-100
Tx PA
TX EXCTR
TDMA RX1, 2
DSC RX
PWX(1/2)
PWX(2/2)
MPB(MAIN-1)
MPB(MAIN-2)
MPB(MAIN-3)
OCN2
LKY2
MOT2
MOT2 (isolation)
DB-1
CB-100 (41p)
CB-100 (48p)
PR-240CE
PLE
PILOT PLUG UNIT

Type

Dwg. No.

Page

C4417-C01

S-1

C4417-C02

S-1A

24P0014
24P0012
24P0010A
24P0010B
24P0013

C4417-K01
C4417-K03
C4417-K04

S-2
S-3
S-4

C4417-K10

S-5

24P0025
24P0026
24P0024
24P0024

C4417-K11
C4417-K12
C4417-K13
C4417-K07
C4417-K08
C4417-K09
C4417-K06
C4417-K02
C4417-K05
C4417-K17

S-6
S-7
S-8
S-9
S-10
S-11
S-12
S-13
S-14
S-14A

PLE24HSZ-P
OP24-3

C4417-K15
C4417-K14
C4417-K16
C5003-K02
C5003-K03
C4417-K18

S-15
S-16
S-16A
S-17
S-18
S-19

24P0016

24P0015

S-0