Anda di halaman 1dari 30

BAB III

PEMBAHASAN

3.1 Perhitungan Konstruksi Atap
Data-data:
Gudang ukuran

: 900 cm x 3300 cm

Tinggi Bangunan

: 450 cm

Lebar Bangunan

: 900 cm

Jarak Antar Kuda-Kuda

: 550 cm

Tinggi Kolom

: 450 cm

Bahan Atap

: Genteng Beton

Tegangan Tarik ijin Baja : 1600 kg/cm2

kg

Tekanan Angin

: 25

Kemiringan Atap

: 30

Sambungan

: Baut

Beban

: Beban Hidup, Beban Mati, Beban Angin.

m2

( PPI 1983, 22 )

0

M

N

D

O

P

A

L

E

C

K

F

J

G

B

H

Gambar 3.1 : Bentuk kuda-kuda

11

I

3.1.1 Analisa Dimensi dan Panjang Batang
- Panjang batang BC, CD, DE, EF, FG, GH, JK, KL, LM, MN, NO, OP.
BH =

0,5 xL
cos 30
0,5 x900
cos 30

=

= 519,615 cm
BC =

519,615
3

=173,205 cm
- Batang PB, OC, ND, ME, LF, KG, JH
tg 30 0

= PB/AB

PB

= tg 30 0 x AB
= 0,577 x 120
= 69,282 cm

P

A

B

- batang AP, IJ
AP

=
=

AB 2  BP 2
120 2  69,282 2

=

14400  4799,996

= 138,564 cm
- batang-batang BO, CN, DM, FM, GL, HK.
BO

= 216,333 cm

- batang AB, HI
AB

= 120 cm

- Jarak antar kuda-kuda (L)
L=

Panjang Bentang
Jumlah Kuda  kuda

12

=

3300
6

= 550 cm

GORDING
KUDA - KUDA

Gambar 3.2 : Tampak atas kuda-kuda

BATANG
AB, HI
BO, CN, DM, FM, GL, HK.
AP, IJ
PB, OC, ND, ME, LF, KG, JH
BC, CD, DE, EF, FG, GH, JK, KL, LM, MN, NO, OP.
Total Panjang Batang

PANJANG BATANG
120 x 2 = 240 cm
216,333 x 6 = 1297,998 cm
138,564 x 2 = 277,128 cm
69,282 x 7 = 484,974 cm
173,205 x 12 = 2078,46 cm
4378,56 cm

3.1.2 Analisa Perencanaan Gording
o

Sudut atap

: 30 0

o

Tinggi kuda-kuda

: 259,81 m

o

Bahan penutup atap

: Genteng Beton ( 75

o

Jarak antar kuda-kuda

: 550 cm

o

Direncanakan profil ( gording) Canal 250 x 90 x 9 x 13

kg/ 2
m

)

Spesifikasi :

13

32) Berat penutup Atap = 75 kg/m2 = 75 x 1.1.9 kg/m Q = Berat Gording + Berat penutup Atap = 34.45 = 180.5 cm 3 Iy = 306 cm 4 y x CL q sin 30° q cos 30° Ø q Ø Gambar 3.9 = 164.6 + 129.95 sin 30 0 = 90.q = 34.3 Analisa Pembebanan a).95 cos 30 0 = 156.45 kg/m q total = 164.5 = 16.95 kg/m qx = q cos  = 180.6 kg/m (Tabel Profil Baja.707 kg/m qy = q sin  = 180.5 + 16.6 kg/ Wx = 335 cm 3 m Ix = 4180 cm 4 Wy = 46. (L)2 14 .3 : Gording 3. Beban Tetap ( DL ) Dipergunakan Gording 250 x 90 x 9 x 13 Berat Gording = 34.475 kg/m Mqx = 1/8 qx .5 kg/m Berat akibat sambungan 10% = 10% x 164.732 = 129.

5)2 = 592.75 kgm c).5 = 119. Berat Kebetulan P = 100 kg di tengah-tengah batang gording (PUI ’83) Px = P cos α = 100 x cos 30 0 = 86.079 kgm Mpy =¼ . hal.22 ) a) Angin Tekan ( CT ) 15 .603 x 5.707 x (5.109 kgm b).4 : Beban Angin Tekanan Angin = 25 kg/m2 ( PPI 1983. jrk antar kuda-kuda = ¼ x 86. jrk antar kuda-kuda = ¼ x 50 x 5.5) 2 = 342.= 1/8 x 156. (L)2 Mqy = 1/8 x 90. px .548 kgm = 1/8 qy . py .5 = 68. Beban Angin W5 W5 W4 W4 W3 W3 W2 W2 W1 W1 30° Beban Angin Gambar 3.603 kg Py = P sin α = 100 x sin 30 0 = 50 kg Mpx =¼ .475 x (5.

864 = 793.5 = -81.732 = 21.5 x 25 = . 300 25 ) W2 =-0.079 + 81.864 kgm =1 Mqw2 =1 2 8 x qw2 x L 2 8 x (. hal.5 x 25 = 12. hal.859 kgm 3.109 + 68.491 kgm M y max = Beban Mati + Beban P + Beban Angin = 342.Cara I CT1 = +0.65 kg/m = 1 Mqw1 2 8 x qw1 x L = 1 x ( + 21.548 + 119.50 x 1.864 kgm d). Kombinasi Pembebanan M x max = Beban Mati + Beban P + Beban Angin = Mqx + Mpx + Mqw = 592.21.65 ) x 5.50 kg/m2 b) Angin Hisap ( CH )  Cara II CT2 = -0.0.5 ( PPI 1983. 25 ) W1 = +0.1.4 Kontrol Tegangan 16 .5 2 8 = 81.75 + 0 = 410.4 - 30 = -0.732 = -21.50 x 1.4 - 300 = .5 kg/m2 Dihitung arah x saja karena arah angin tegak lurus bidang atap (Angin Tekan) qw1 = w1 x jarak gording = +12.5 ( PPI 1983.65 kg/m (Angin Hisap) qw2 = w2 x jarak gording = -12.65 ) x 5.12.

247 2  1.247 cm Fy = 5 qy  Lx 4 Py  Ly 3   384 E  Iy 48  E  Iy = 0.603 x550 3 + 2.2 Perhitungan Kuda –Kuda dan Kolom 3.5 Kontrol Lendutan Modulus elastisitas ( E ) = 2.90475 x550 4 50 x550 3 + 2.431 cm 2   kg  1600 cm 2 kg cm 2 ===== OK 3.1x10 6 x306 = = 1.2 cm F0 < f = 1.1x10 6 x 4180 48 x 2.853 = 1.hal 155 ) → dimana (l) = Jarak kuda-kuda 250 f = f = 550/250 = 2.1.1 x 10 6 kg Fx = cm 2 ( PPI 1983.2.9   1600 335 46.963 < 2.947 2 = 3.2 cm =========OK 3.013 x 0.56707 x550 4 86. hal.1x10 6 x306 48 x 2.5 kg 1120.2 cm → MEMENUHI SYARAT 1. 31 ) 5 qx  Ly 4 Px  Lx 3   384 E  Ix 48  E  Ix = 0.013 x 1.947 cm F0 = = Fx 2  Fy 2 = 0.1 41085.963 cm l ( PPBBI ’84 .1 Analisa Pembebanan 17 .Dipakai baja 37 Fe 360 berdasarkan kekuatan dasar Tegangan ijin  = 1600 kg cm 2  = Mx My  Wx Wy  = 79349.1x10 6 x 4180 = = 0.

Jarak antar kuda – kuda = 550 cm .Data Perencanaan : .P8) P = 1 1 2 x 68. Berat sendiri kuda kuda ( menurut POTMA ) Berat kuda – kuda = ( L + 2 ) kg /m =(9+2) = 11 kg/m P kuda.P5.5 8 = 68.5 : Analisa pembebanan a.Sudut kemiringan atap = 30 0 .Simpul tengah ( P2.P3.P7.P4.063+ 2 x 68.063 kg .P6.063 18 J G H I .Bentang = 900 cm .Penutup atap = Genteng Beton ( 75 kg/m 2 ) P5 P4 P3 P2 N P6 L E D O M P7 K F P8 P1 P9 P A C B Gambar 3.kuda= B S x L x Jarak / Gaya = 11x9 x5. Beban Tetap (mati) 1.

732 + 2 x 1.P4.3 kg .P5.5 = 190.3 kg .450 kg a) Berat Kebetulan 19 .P5.063 = 34.6 kg/m .Beban tepi ( P1 = P9 ) Pt = 1 x P 2 =1 2 x 68.031 kg 2.= 68.063kg .P6.732 ) x 75 x 5.6 x 5.5 = 714.863 kg 2 .6 x 5.Simpul tepi ( P1 = P9 ) P = ( 1 x 1.5 .5) = 380.P7) P =(1 1 2 x 1.P8) P = 34.P6.P4. Berat sendiri gording Berat goding profil C = 34.5 P = 285.732 ) x 75 x 5.6 x 5.Simpul tepi ( P2 = P8 ) P = ( 1 x 1.088 kg 2 2 x 1.Simpul tepi ( P1 = P9 ) P = 34.Simpul tengah (P2.Simpul puncak ( P5 ) P = 2 x (34.Simpul tengah puncak (P3.6 kg 3.P7.386 ) x 75 x 5. Beban pada atap .386 + 1 P = 643.5 = 190.P3.

194 kg P2 = P8 = 901.063 68.3 190. P1 = P9 = 510.3 190. gording + berat kuda –kuda + berat atap).863 643.450 100 100 100 100 100 610.088 714.3 190.063 68.450 714.S.194 1001.450 714.113 kg No Berat Sendiri Berat Berat Berat Total Beban Gaya Gording Kuda- Penutup Kebetulan Atap (P) ( kg ) Kuda Atap ( kg) (kg) P1 = P9 P2 = P8 P3 = P7 P4 = P6 P5 190.813 1072.813 1263.813 kg P5 = 1163.Beban kebetulan di akibatkan oleh seorang pekerja sebesar 100 kg b) Beban Tetap Beban total beban tetap ( B.451 1072.6 : Beban Tetap 20 .063 68.3 380.113 M N D O P A L E K F C J G B H I Gambar 3.6 (kg) 34.451 kg P3 = P7 = P4 = P6 = 972.063 ( kg ) 285.031 68.

50  Angin Tekan ( CT ) W = CT x tekanan angin x luas bidang tekanan angin = 0.50 CH =   0.386) x 5.50 x 25 x ( 1 x 1.5 Simpul tepi ( W1 ) 2 = 47.0.644 kg = 0.M N P A L E D O C B K F J G H I Gambar 3.7 : Beban Hidup Tabel Beban Hidup Gaya ( P ) c) Berat Beban Hidup ( Kg ) P1 = P9 P2 = P8 P3 = P7 P4 = P6 P5 Beban Angin CT = 0.386 + 1 Simpul tengah ( W2 ) 2 x 21 1.732 ) x 5.50 x 25 x ( 1 x 1.4    100 100 100 100 100 ( PPI hal 25 ) 30   300  ( PPI hal 25) = .5 2 .

5 = .538 kg  Angin Hisap ( CH ) W = CH x tekanan angin x luas bidang tekanan angin = .0.5 = 119.47.732 + 1 Simpul ( W3.732 ) x 5.107.W4 ) 2 2 x 1.075 kg = 0.5 = .732) x 5.119.386) x Simpul tepi ( W1’ ) 2 5.5 2 = .732 ) x 5.644 22 Angin Hisap ( kg ) .50 x 25 x ( 1 x 1.50 x 25 x ( 1 x 1.732) x Simpul puncak ( W5’ ) 2 5.538 kg Tabel Perhitungan Beban Angin Beban Yang Angin Tekan ( kg ) Mempengaruhi W1 47.50 x 25 x ( 1 x 1.W4’ ) 2 x 1.5 2 = .5 x 25 x ( 1 x 1.644 kg = .50 x 25 x ( 1 x 1.386 + Simpul tengah ( W2’) 2 1 x 1.= 107.732 + 1 x 1.732) x 5.0.181 kg = 0.0.0.075 kg = .181 kg = .5 Simpul puncak ( W5 ) 2 = 59.5 x 25 x ( 1 Simpul ( W3’.59.

644) + (-107.3594 = 870.732) + (119.4758 .181 .9003 /-452.644+ 107.644 x 1.206.309.W2 W3 W4 W5 W1’ W2’ W3’ W4’ W5’ 107.47.59.075 .075+ 59.2) + (107.075+ 119.9003 /452.181 x 0) + (-119.644 .075 119.538 x 5.0 .181 x 0) + (119.075 x 3.1728 .196) = -57. Perhitungan Cremona Angin R1 = W1 + W2 + W3 + W4 + W5 = 47.181 119.075) + (-119.513 kg Statis Momen Terhadap Titik A M1 = .075 x 3.464) + (59.538 A.513 = 1.075 .181) + (-119.2379 + 412.732) + (-119.9003 Kgm X1 = M1/R1 = 870.196) = 57.(47.2) + (-107.119.925 m Statis Momen Terhadap Titik A M2 = .119.4758 + 309.075 59.1728 + 0 + 206.9003 Kgm X2 = = M2/R2 -870.538 x 5.3594 = -870.538) = -452.181+ 119.513 kg R2 = W1’ + W2’ + W3’ + W4’ + W5’ = (-47.2379 .464) + (-59.513 23 .412.644 x 1.(-47.075 x 1.075) + (-59.107.538 = 452.538 .075 x 1.

828 kg M N P A C B L E D O K F J G H I Gambar 3.10 : Gaya Batang 24 .655 2 RB = 8777.9 : Angin Kanan d) Perhitungan Gaya Batang € MB = 0 € MA = 0 RA = P 2 RB = P 2 RA = 8777.= -1.655 2 RA = 4388.8 : Angin Kiri Gambar 3.828 kg RB = 4388.925 m Gambar 3.

11 : Pembebanan 25 .P5 P4 P6 23 4 P3 22 21 3 P2 5 P7 24 13 12 25 6 20 P1 19 2 P8 26 14 11 P9 27 7 18 1 17 28 15 10 16 8 29 9 Gambar 3.

P4 P3 P3 P2 P6 4 P1 5 23 P1 24 22 3 1/2 P 25 12 13 21 6 20 2 27 11 19 1/2 P 26 7 14 18 1 17 28 8 29 10 15 16 9 P = 684.078 kg W4' = W3' = W2' = -34.12 : Beban mati W5 ' W5 W4 ' W4 W3 4 W3 ' 5 23 24 W2 ' 22 W2 3 21 12 13 25 6 20 W1 2 19 11 27 7 14 18 1 17 28 10 15 16 RA W1 ' 26 W1 = 37.868 kg BEBAN ANGIN 26 29 8 9 .785 kg W5 = 37.331 kg W5' = -38.254 kg RA BEBAN MATI Gambar 3.460 kg W1' = -37.125 kg W2 = W3 = W4 = 33.507 kg RA = RB = 342.

14 : Cremona beban sendiri 8 12 6 7 9 10 12 11 13 14 -24 25 W1 W1 -23 Gambar 3.13: Beban Mati P5 5 Gambar 3.17 18 16 1 P1 2 3 P2 4 P3 P4 15 P5 Gambar 3.15 : Beban Angin W 5' 5 W X1 = 62 3. W 4' 4 W m 3 W 4 -18 W 3' 5 23 X2 = 24 W 2' 22 2 W 3 21 12 13 25 6 20 1 W 2 19 17 7 14 -19 28 29 10 15 15 -3 27 18 1 m W 1' 26 11 3.6 4 -4 8 -20 16 9 RA 27 14 R2 R1 -2 -22 -21 13 RB CREMONA BEBAN .

2 1231.2 1101.3 950.2 75.5 78 10681.3 28 .8 17761.9 75.2.9 39 39 950.9 21521.9 1879.5 1879.Gambar 3.4 1231.2 Perhitungan Gaya-Gaya Batang (Cremona) Tabel Gaya-Gaya Batang Btg A1 A2 A3 A4 Berat Sendiri (kg) Angin Kiri (kg) Angin Kanan (kg) Gaya Extrin (kg) Tarik (+) Tekan (-) Tarik (+) Tekan (-) Tarik (+) Tekan (-) Tarik (+) Tekan (-) 950.2 13143.16 : Cremona Angin 3.

2 823.4 1094.8 1619. 5.2 1619.9 1101. 100.8 78 997.1 V5 V6 V7 612. 22.7 1094.5 9384.8 54.7 2993.8 1619.5 86.3 kg L = l k = 2.2 1619. 4. B2 10681.3 Perhitungan Kuda-Kuda dan Kolom Batang Tekan = 3.4 1094.A5 A6 A7 A8 17761. 28 Dimensi Profil Kuda-Kuda P Max = 21521.8 11.1 54.5 11.7 1673.9 950.9 21521.8 145 916.5 8076.1 9384.3 12870.2 39 75.5 86.5 10681.5 916.1 1363 15995.8 8 21108.1 1363 1363 654.5 1094.8 612.887 m = 288.4 1673.1 54.7 72.8 654. 14 29 145 1994.7 9 23528.5 8076. B6 B7 B8 17761.1 1652.9 86. B4 20289. 6.2.5 9 1870.5 2883. 16.4 916.5 139 11.7 V4 20289.9 1231.4 950.5 1673.7 cm Maka diambil profil : L 100.5 823.7 139 72.9 997.9 1716. 24.2 1879.3 23593.2 39 75.5 4 21108.4 .8 654.9 950. 26.4 1716. B5 20289.5 139 11.9 B1 1879.5 1673.2 1652. 20. 18.1 2993. 9.8 8 23528.3 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 13269.8 54.3 13143.5 13269.4 3.5 V1 V2 V3 916.3 1994.9 1231.5 2883. B3 17761.7 139 72. 4 636.5 1363 654.9 72.7 15995.3 86.8 636.7 10681.

Ix = Iy = 220 cm i x = i y = 3 cm Luas penampang (A) : 24.801) 100  90 = 1. л .036-1.5  = 1x 1.23  90 ) x ( 2.72 kg/cm 2 ≤ 1600 kg/cm 2 PROFIL INI MEMENUHI SYARAT (AMAN) 3.94  =  PMax ≤  A = 1.272 x (0.3 24. 1600 = 3048 kg Keterangan : 30 . d2 x (0. 1.6 .036  = 90 96. 1600) = 2431 kg ρtumpu = t x d x 1.94 21521.5 .801  = 96.6 ) = 2 x ¼ .23  3  …?   = 1.27 cm ρgeser = n x ¼ .31 cm 2  = lk imin = Interpolasi   = 1.23   =……?  = 100   = 2.14 .27 x 1.4 Perhitungan Baut Dan Kontrol Terhadap Exentrisitas Digunakan baut : Ø ½” dan baut Ø 5/8” Tebal plat simpul : 10 mm - Kekuatan baut Ø 1/2 “ = 1.7 = 96. 3.31 ≤ 1600 kg/cm 2 = 1464.801 + ( 288.2.

л .6 ρgeser ) = 2 x ¼ . 1.5872 x (0. 1600 = 3808. 3. d2 x (0.587 x 1.6 . 1600) = 3795.9 kg ρtumpu = t x d x 1.5 .8 kg - Analisa jumlah baut tiap titik buhul n = P/ρ (perhitungan struktur baja) Dimana : n = jumlah baut (perkiraan) buah P = gaya batang maksimal (kg) ρ = ρ min (kg) 1 15 10 14 8 23 22 7 21 13 3 10 2 24 14 5 6 17 9 3 20 25 13 7 12 18 8 11 9 15 12 2 9 7 19 1 16 16 6 8 11 6 4 31 4 5 .587 = n x ¼ .5  = 1x 1.n = jumlah baut (perkiraan) buah d = diameter baut (cm)  = tegangan ijin (kg/cm2) t = tebal plat simpul (cm) ρ yang menentukan adalah ρ min = 2431 kg - Kekuatan baut Ø 5/8” = 1.14 .

8 kg →n = 13143.4kg →n = 974.8 kg →n = 1994.3 2431 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” Titik buhul 2 950.8 kg 32 .4 2431 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” Batang 17 → P = 916.4 2431 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” Batang 2 → P = 974.5 kg →n = 15995.4 2431 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” Batang 3 → P = 13143.3 2431 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” Batang 16   → P = 997.8 3796 Batang 19 → P = 1994.3 kg →n = 1101.8 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” 2431 Batang 18 → P = 15995.3 kg →n = 997.4kg →n = 974.8 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” 3796 Titik buhul 3 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” = 2 baut Ø 5/8”  Titik buhul 4 Batang 3 → P = 13143.Gambar 3.5 3796 →n = 13143.5 kg →n = Batang 2 → P = 974.5 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” 2431 Batang 1 → P = 950.4 kg →n = 916.17 : Titik buhul  Titik buhul 1 Batang 1 → P = 1101.

8 3796 = 2 baut Ø Titik buhul 6 Batang 5 → P = 21521.7 kg →n = 636.3 kg → n = → P = 636.3 kg →n = 21521.3 3796 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” Batang 21 Batang 20 → P = 9384.3 2431 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” 9384.1 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” 3796 →n = 21521.4 kg → n = → P = 2993.4 3796 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” →n = 2993.3 kg → n = 21521.7 3796 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” .8 kg 5/8” Batang 26 → P = 20615 kg →n = 20615 3796 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” Batang 25 → P = 9384.Batang 4 → P = 21521.1 kg →n = 2993.3 kg 5/8” Batang 6 → P = 13143.7kg 33 →n = 9384.3 3796 → P = 2993.1 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” 3796 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” Batang 24 Batang 23 Batang 22  → P = 23593.7 3796 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” Titik buhul 5  Batang 4 → P = 21521.1 kg 23593.3 3796 = 2 baut Ø →n = 13143.3kg →n = 21521.3 3796 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” Batang 5 → P = 21521.

4 2431 = 2 baut Ø .9 2431 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” Batang 29 → P = 916.9 2431 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” Batang 8 → P = 1101.4 kg 1/2” 34 →n = 916.4 kg →n = 24650.4 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” 2431 →n = 1066.9 2431 Batang 27 → P = 24650.9 kg →n = 1066.3 2431 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” Batang 9 → P = 997.4 2431 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” Batang 8 → P = 1101.3 kg →n = 1101.9 kg →n = 1870.9 kg →n = 950.6 kg →n = 3776.6 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” 3796 Batang 28 → P = 1066.3 2431 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” = 2 baut Ø 1/2” = 2 baut Ø 5/8”  Titik buhul 8 Batang 29   Titik buhul 9 Titik buhul 10 Batang 10 → P = 1870.3 kg →n = 997.4 kg Batang 28 → P = 1066.3 2431 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” → P = 916.3 kg →n = 1101.4 kg →n = 916.4 3796 Batang 7 → P = 950. Titik buhul 7 Batang 6 → P = 20615 kg →n = 20615 3796 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” Batang 7 → P = 3776.

6 kg 5/8” 35 .3 kg →n = Ø 1/2”  Titik buhul 11 Batang 11 → P = 21108.7 3796 Batang 11 → P = 21108.7kg →n = 9384.4 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” 2431 →n = 23528.8 3796 Titik buhul 12 Batang 12 → P = 23528.1 kg →n = 2993.4 kg Batang 9 → P = 997.6 3796 = 2 baut Ø = 2 baut Ø 5/8” 5/8”  Titik buhul 13 Batang 13 → P = 45456.4 kg →n = 24650.997.8 kg = 2 baut Ø 5/8” Batang 24 → P = 2993.1 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” 3796 Batang 25 → P = 9384.9 3796 = 2 baut Ø →n = 45456.9 kg →n = 21108.9 kg 5/8” = 2 baut Ø 5/8” = 2 baut Ø 5/8”  →n = 1870.9 3796 = 2 baut Ø Batang 26 → P = 20615 kg →n = 20615 3796 Batang 27 → P = 24650.4 3796 Batang 10 → P = 1870.3 2431 = 2 baut →n = 21108.

3 kg →n = 636.8 kg = 2 baut Ø →n = 23528.4 kg 5/8” Batang 12 → P = 23528.8 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” 2431 Batang 20 → P = 9384.4 kg = 2 baut Ø 1/2” →n = = 2 baut Ø 21108.→n = 23593.9 kg 21108.4 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” 3796 Batang 19 → P = 1994.4 kg 23593.9 3796 →n = = 2 baut Ø 5/8” Batang 21 → P = 636.4 3796 Batang 23 → P = 23593.5 kg Batang 15 → P = 12870.5 3796 12870.4 kg Batang 18 → P = 15995.3 kg →n = Batang 17 → P = 916.3 2431 Batang 22 → P = 2993.7 kg →n = 9384.8 kg →n = 1994.4 2431 15995.9 kg  →n = Titik buhul 15 Batang 15 5/8” → P = 23593.8 = 3796 2 baut Ø 5/8”  Titik buhul 14 Batang 14 → P = 21108.4 3796 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” = 2 baut Ø 1/2” = 2 baut Ø 5/8” = 2 baut Ø .9 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” 3796 Titik buhul 16 Batang 16 → P = 997.1 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” 3796 Batang 23  → P = 12870.4 kg 5/8” 36 997.3 2431 →n = →n = →n = 916.4 = 2 baut Ø 5/8” 3796 →n = 12870.1 kg →n = 2993.7 3796 Batang 14 → P = 21108.

 Titik buhul 17 Batang 1 Batang 16 → P = 950. 0.3 2431 = 2 baut Ø .52 .61 cm F = 30.3 cm Iy = 507 cm4 iy = 3.3 kg Angker 4 Ø 25 mm bisa digunakan 3.3 kg (akibat beban mati + beban angin) Dipakai 4 buah baut angker = 4 .5 Perhitungan Angker Kuda-Kuda Pmax = 21521.6 kg/m A = 39.01 cm2 Faktor tekuk terhadap sumbu y : 37 →n = →n = 950.7  = 4 . 2. ¼ .14 .5 = 2 baut Ø 1/2” 2431 997. 3.5 kg → P = 997.2.69 cm4 ix = 8. 0. ¼л d2 .7(1600) = 12696  = 21980 kg > 21521.3 Perhitungan Kolom Perhitungan kolom I & II Dicoba profil WF 200x150x6x9 Ket : Ix = 2.3 kg 1/2” 3.

9723  70 ) x (1.616 79.61 = 79.616-1.7 = 3.01 = 891.9 dapat dipakai 3.150.62  =  PMax ≤  = 1.9723 Interpolasi     = 70  = 79.295 kg/cm 2 ≤ 1600 kg/cm 2 Profil WF 200.465  =……? = 1.465 + (    = 1.9723   = 80 = 1. Lky = i y 288.6.4 Perhitungan Pondasi WF 200x100x5.62 A 21521.465) 80  70 = 1.5x8 Ø 19 mm Anker Baut Steak Kolom Rip Plat Pondasi Gambar Pondasi 38 .3 ≤ 1600 kg/cm 2 39.

2 kg Berat steak kolom P = 0.Gambar 2.6 (2400) = 180 kg = 4530.4.703 ± 0.8 kg Ptotal = 4809.7 .2+ 52. 0.8 3. 0.1 Analisa Pondasi P = Ra kuda-kuda + Berat sendiri kolom = 4212.6 (Bj Beton) = 0.5 .7) 2 x 0. 4.25 .0.70 281.8 + 226.5) = 4350.2 Tinjauan terhadap perlawanan tanah  = Ptotal ± F M W Dimana : W = 1/6 bh2  = 4809.15 .25 . (2400) = 226. 0.0038 <  t 39 .4.5 .25  (0.70 2 = 0.6.8 kg 0.9 . 0. 0.90.0038  1 = 0.8 ± 90.2 kg = 52.9.5 + (30.5.0.18 Pondasi 3.8 kg total Berat Rib P =  0.703 + 0.15 1 / 6. 0.05 x 2400 Berat Plat kaki = 4530.

0.7 m2 dapat dipakai 40 .6992 kg/cm2 > 0 (tak terjadi tarikan pada pondasi) Maka pondasi ukuran 0.= 0.7068 kg/cm2 < 0.9 x 0.703 .0038 = 0.75 kg/cm2  2 = 0.