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Eled 4220- Crt and

Differentiation

Ashton Prillaman

Overview of why crt is


important:
It plays a role not only in communicating and receiving informations, but also in shaping
the thinking process of groups and individuals. This quote is from the website that we read
about the 7 principles. I think that this a great quote. You want the students in your class to
see that just because they see something one way does not mean that everyone else in the
class sees it the same way. Also, even though everyone does not see it the same that one
person does that does not mean that the other students are not right. The students need to
learn that just because everyone does not see everything the same way that does not mean
that they are not right. Students need to learn to accept that everyone will see and think
about things differently from them, but that they can still be friends and get along.

Principle #1: Positive


perspectives on parents &
families
Description: When reading about this principle, I remember hearing many professors tell
us this over the time in the educational classes. You want the families to feel like they have
a say in their childs learning experience and that they can be involved not only in school
functions but in the classroom as well. The only way a teacher is going to learn at the
beginning of the year about the students in the class is to have conversations and
interactions with their parents. If the students parents feel like they can open up to the
teacher then they will tell the teacher about the childs learning liek what can help them and
what they struggle with. The teacher needs to have constant communication with their
students parents. I remember one professor telling us last year that when he was an
elementary teacher, that he would call a handful of parents each day at the end of the day
to discuss the pros and cons of their childs work that week. If he did that everyday then he
would talk to each childs parents at least once a week. The parents would feel very involved
in the childs school.

Principle #1: continued...


As a teacher, you want to understand where the parent is coming from and what the parent
wants out of their childs school success. Also, as a teacher you want the parents to feel like
you care about their cultural beliefs. You will want to research each childs culture and get a
better understanding of the child and their family, but you do not want to create a
stereotype. This is important principle so that the parents feel like they are involved
completely in their childs academic success.
Example: One example of this related to K-6 is a teacher could have a student that comes
from a family with a different cultural background and beliefs that she might have never
taught before. The teacher could research and learn about the overview of the childs
cultural background and beliefs. The teacher should not make a stereotype, because not
each child might have the same beliefs.

Principle #4: studentcentered instruction

Description: As the teacher, you want every student in your class to academically
successful. Yes, you are the teacher, but you have to look at what helps the students to
succeed. This type of instruction is more collaborating and open than teacher-based
instruction. The teacher should promote student engagement in the lesson. The lesson
should be interactive and hands on instead of the teacher just standing at the front of the
classroom telling the students what to do and how to do it. The teacher should want the
students to show them how they found the answer and what the did to get there. You want
to share the responsibility of instruction. The teacher should want the students to feel like
the are in charge of their own learning abilities and successes. The teacher should have the
students direct discussion groups when they get old enough to. Let the students select their
own writing topic for journal entries. I remember learning...

Principle #4: continued...


about that in the language arts class last semester. Dr. Jamison mentioned that his fifth
grade classroom had more to write about when they got to pick the topic or a personal
experience. The reason that this is important is because you want the students to feel like
they can have a say in how they learn best. The students feel like they have a voice in what
can help them succeed academically.
Example: An example could be for a fourth or fifth grade classroom and they have a daily
journal. I really liked learning about those last semester. I liked how he was an actual fifth
grade classroom and could give us examples when we had questions about something,
because it might have happened the week before. He told us that when he let the students
write about something that meant something to them or what interested them then the
students could write for a long time and forget about the time frame.

Principle # 5: culturally
mediated instruction
Description: This principle is very important as well. Every student learns differently and it
might have something to do with their cultural background, but not always. Some cultures
might do better working independently while another culture might do better working in a
group setting. The teacher needs to find a way to have both independent and group work
incorporated in the lessons and the classroom. The teacher should not focus only on
independent work if there are students who need that group setting to maybe understand a
topic they are learning. Teachers also need to show students that not everyone thinks about
a certain a statement, event, or action the same way that they do. Every student might
interpret something differently than someone else, but that does not mean that they are
wrong. The teachers need to research the best ways that each student in their class learns
the best in the classroom. Since each student learns...

Principle # 5: continued...
differently the teacher needs to help the students achieve their academic successes. The
teacher should want each child to succeed and find the best way to help them get there.
The reason that this is important is because you want the students in your classroom to be
successful on all levels. You want them to achieve academically and even maybe over
achieve those goals. You also want the students to be accepting of each student in the
classroom and see that they can have different viewpoints. Also, that each student comes
from a different cultural background.
Example: If there is a teacher that is teaching a younger classroom, I have seen a video
about showing students that are in a class that even though they are different skin colors
they can still be accepting of each other. The teacher went around the room and found a
paint color that the student was. The student was no longer as seen white or black, but as
the color...

Principle # 5: continued...
of the paint. I remember one student saying that they were a peach color. Yes, there were
more white people in the class, but not each white person was not the same paint color.
It just goes to show the students that they are still very different even by looking at skin
color, but you can still accept them and be friends with them.

Differentiation Instruction
Differentiation instruction aligns with the principles. When you look at the products section.
It mentioned giving students options of how to express required learning. This reminds me
of principle #4, student-centered instruction. The students can help the teacher with them
and what helps them in learning. The teacher can change up a lesson from year to year to
help the students learn better that year using their learning styles. Each class might be
different and one class might want more group work while another one might want more
independent work.