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Module Latihan Topikal SPM_2016

Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN
PANITIA KIMIA
2016

Modul Topikal : GARAM


Aktiviti 1 : Tentukan keterlarutan garam (GL : garam larut ; GTL : Garam tak larut
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

Formula of Salt
PbCO3
NaCl
CaSO4
AgNO3
K2CO3
FeCl3
Na2SO4
NH4NO3
CuSO4
PbCl2
ZnCO3
Ca(NO3)2
Na2CO3
AgCl
PbSO4
Pb(NO3)2
(NH4)2CO3
Mg(NO3)2
Na2SO4

Solubility ( , X )

No
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

Solubility ( , X )

Formula of Salt
MgCO3
KCl
(NH4)2SO4
Cu(NO3)2
NaNO3
CaCl2
BaSO4
KNO3
Ag2CO3
MgCl2
ZnSO4
Ba(NO3)2
FeCO3
NH4Cl
Fe(NO3)3
MgSO4
BaCO3
ZnCl2
FeSO4

Activity 2 :
Classify the following salts into soluble salt and insoluble salt in water.
Kelaskan garam berikut kepada garam terlarut dan garam tak terlarutkan dalam air
Calcium carbonate
Zinc chloride

Silver chloride
Magnesium chloride, MgCl2

Potassium carbonate
Lead (II) sulphate, PbSO4

Lead (II) nitrate


Ammonium chloride

Answer ;
Soluble salt / Garam terlarut

Insoluble salt / Garam tak terlarut

Activity 3 : tuliskan ion-ion yang hadir. Tuliskan persamaan ion yang terlibat
Insoluble salt

Ions present
Ag+ ,

Silver chloride, AgCl

Magnesium carbonate, MgCO3

Ionic equation

Cl-

.. , ..

.. + ..

..

.. + ..

..

Activity 4 :
a) name solution T / nama larutan T

add dilute

Zinc, Zn
metal

nitric acid
HNO3

Colourless
solution, T

Gas W

..
b) write a balanced chemical equation for the
reaction.
Tulis persamaan kimia seimbang bagi tindak balas

Diagram 1

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Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

c) name gas W / nama gas W


..

Solid K

add dilute, Z

Pepejal K

tambah Z cair

a) i) name solid K .: ..
nama pepejal K :

Colourless solution,MgCl2
Larutan tak berwarna

ii) name Z .
Nama Z

: ..

b) write a balanced chemical equation for the


reaction.

Colourless gas produces,M


Gas tak berwarna terbebas,M

Tuliskan persamaan kimia simbang bagi tindak balas

Water, H2O

c) state the confirmatory test the present of M gas.


Nyatakan ujian pengesahan kehadiran gas M.

Air, H2O

..

Activity 5 :
1. The following equation represents the reaction between
silver nitrate solution and hydrochloric acid.
AgNO3 (aq) + NaCl

(aq)

AgCl

(s)

+ NaNO3 (aq)

(i) name the type of reaction.


.
(ii) write the ionic equation for the reaction.
tuliskan persamaan ion bagi tindak balas.

2.

add dilute
Lead (II) nitrate
Pb(NO3)2

White precipitate
T

sulphuric acid,
H2SO4

b) write a balanced chemical equation for the


reaction.

a) name precipitate T / namakan mendakan T

..

c) write an ionic equation for the reaction


tuliskan persamaan ion bagi tindak balas.

Activity 6 :
Diagram 1 shows a series of reaction for zinc compound
Rajah 1 menunjukkan satu siri tindak balas bagi sebatian
zink
Zinc nitrate
Zink nitrat

Sodium carbonate
Natriumk karbonat

i) What is the colour of zinc carbonate ?


Apakah warna zink karbonat?

ii) Name the reaction / Namakan tindak balas ini

Zinc carbonate

Zink karbonat

Zinc nitrate solution reacts with sodium carbonate solution


to form zinc carbonate precipitate.
Larutan zink nitrat bertindak balas dengan larutan natrium
karbonat untuk membentuk mnedakan zink karbonat.

iii) write a balanced chemical equation for the


reaction.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia seimbang bagi tindak balas
.....................................................................................

Aktiviti 7 :

1. ZnCO3
2. MgCO3
3. CaCO3
4. PbCO3
5. CuCO3
6. ZnCO3

Pemanasan garam nitrat


Heating of nitrate metal.

Pemanasan garam karbonat


Heating of carbonate metal
. + CO2
. + .

.. + CO2
. +

. +
. + CO2

7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

Cu(NO3)2
. + O2 + ....
....

KNO2 + ....
AgNO3

. + +.
.

MgO + O2 + .
Pb(NO3)2

.. + .. +
Zn(NO3)2 .... + .. +....

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Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

Activity 8 :

Zinc carbonate
ZnCO3

i) How you can convert zinc carbonate to zinc oxide ?

Zinc oxide
ZnO

..........................................................................................
ii) write a balanced chemical equation : ...........................................................

Activity 9 :
.

1. Draw a labelled diagram for the heating of zinc carbonate to produce zinc oxide and carbon dioxide gas. In your
diagram show how carbon dioxide is tested.
Lukis gambar rajah berlabel bagi pemanasan zink karbonat untuk menghasilkan zink oksida dan gas karbon dioksida. Dalam
gambar rajah anda, tunjukkan bagaimana gas karbon dioksida itu diuji.

Heated up

Lead (II)
carbonate

2.

Solid K

Mix of gases R
and Q

Pepejal K

a)

what is solid K. :

b)

what is the colour of solid K when hot and cooled: ..

c)

write a balance chemical equation to represent the effect of heat on Pb(NO3) 2


..

Aktiviti 10 :
1.

Zinc carbonate
ZnCO3

Heated up

Solid U

Gas V

Solid U is yellow in colour when hot and white in colour when cooled.
a)

What is solid U : ..

b)

How to convert zinc carbonate to solid U. .

b)

i) Name gas V : ..
ii) What is observed when gas V is passed through limewater? : ..
iii) Write the chemical equation for reaction between gas V with limewater. ..

c)
2.

Name the cation in solid K. : ..

Salt P
Garam P

Metal oxide X
Metal oksida X

Heat

Gas Y
Gas Y

Colour of metal oxide X is yellow when hot and white when cold. Gas Y turns lime water milky.
a)

Name gas Y

: .

b)

Name metal oxide X

: .

c)

Name salt P

: .

d)

Write an equation to represent the action of heat on salt P .

Activity 11 :
White precipitate Q
Dissolved in excess
sodium hydroxide
solution

Reaction I

Colourless K
solution

+ NaOH (aq)

Reaction II
+ Na2SO4 (aq)

White
precipitate R
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Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

a) In reaction I, white precipitate Q is formed which is


soluble in excess sodium hydroxide solution.
Name all the ions which are probably presence in
solution K.

d) i) Name two cations which produced white


precipitate that will not dissolve in excess
sodium hydroxide solution.
...

ii) state one confirmatory test for one cation


presence in d) i)
..

b) Referring to reaction I and II, name the cation


presence in solution K.

.......................

Activity 12 :
Step 1
1.

Step 2

Zinc oxide
Zink oksida

Salt solution P
Larutan garam P

add nitric acid

Zinc carbonate
add solution Q

Zink karbonat

Figure 1
Figure 1 show the steps involved in the preparation of zinc carbonate.
a)

write a balanced equation for the information of salt solution P. .........................................................

b)

explain briefly how you can obtain a solution of salt solution P. ..........................................................

c) (i) name solution Q that is required to be added to salt solution P in step 2 to produce zinc carbonate.
...............................................................................................................................................
(ii) name the type of reaction involved in step 2.......................................................................................

SOALAN 13 :
Jadual menunjukkan ion positif dan ion negatif dalam tiga larutan garam
Table shows the positive and negative ions in three salt solutions.

Nama garam

Ion positif

Name of salt

Ion negatif

Positive Ion

Negative Ion

Kuprum(II) sulfat

Cu2+

SO42-

Natrium sulfat

Na+

SO42-

Plumbum(II) nitrat

Pb2+

NO3-

Copper (II) sulphate


Sodium sulphate

Lead (II) nitrate

Gunakan maklumat dalam jadual 4 untuk menjawab soalan berikut


Use the information in table 4 to answer the following questions.

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Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

a)

Apakah nama lain bagi ion bercas positif

b)

..........................................................................................................
Namakan ion dalam larutan kuprum(II) sulfat

c)

Tuliskan formula bagi Plumbum(II) nitrat

What is another name for a positively charged ion?

Name the ions in copper (II) sulphate solution.


..........................................................................................................
Write the formula for lead(II) nitrat.
..........................................................................................................

SOALAN 14 :
Diagram 1 shows a flow chart of the qualitative analysis of substance X.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan carta alir analisis kualitatif bagi sebatian X.
a) Based on diagram 1, identify the

Black powder X

Berdasarkan rajah 1, kenal pasti

Serbuk hitam X

i) Black powder X .
Serbuk hitam X

Add hydrochloric acid, HCl


solution

ii) Blue solution Y

Tambah larutan asid hidroklorik, HCl

Larutan biru Y

Blue solution Y
iii) Cation and anion of Y solution.

Larutan biru Y
Solution Y + Sodium
hydroxide, NaOH solution
Larutan Y + larutan natrium
hidroksida, NaOH

Blue
precipitate

Kation dan anion larutan Y

Solution Y + Silver
nitrate, AgNO3 solution

Larutan Y + Larutan
argentum nitrat, AgNO3

...
[4 marks]

White precipitate
Mendakan putih

Mendakan biru

SOALAN 15 : AT F4 2012
Diagram 6 shows the reaction and observation for salt X.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan tindak balas dan pemerhatian untuk garam X.

Salt X
Garam X
Add ammonia solution

Add dilute acid

Tambahkan larutan ammonia

Tambahkan asid cair

Blue precipitate

Gas Y evolved and turned lime water chalky

Mendakan biru

Gas dibebaskan dan mengeruhkan air kapur

Add excess ammonia solution


Tambahkan larutan ammonia berlebihan
5

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Module Latihan Topikal SPM_2016


Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

Z
(a) Refer to Diagram 6,
Merujuk kepada Rajah 6,
(i) What is gas Y?
Apakah gas Y?
[1 mark]
(ii) Write a chemical equation for the reaction between salt X and dilute hydrochloric acid.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia untuk tindak balas antara garam X dan asid hidroklorik cair.

[2 marks]
(iii) What is the observation in Z?
Apakah pemerhatian dalam Z?

(iv) State the ions present in salt X.


Nyatakan ion-ion yang hadir dalam garam X.

[1 mark]

[1 mark]

(b) A simple experiment can be conducted in the laboratory to produce copper(II) sulphate solution.
Satu eksperimen ringkas boleh dijalankan dalam makmal untuk menyediakan larutan kuprum(II) sulfat.
(i) Describe briefly how the experiment can be conducted.
Huraikan dengan ringkas bagaimana eksperimen ini boleh dijalankan.

[3 marks]
(ii) Describe a test to identify sulphate ion in copper(II) sulphate solution.
Huraikan satu ujian untuk mengenal pasti ion sulfat dalam larutan kuprum(II) sulfat.
.

[3 marks]

SOALAN 16 :
Diagram 21 shows a series of reactions of lead(II) carbonate.
Rajah 21 menunjukkan satu siri tindak balas bagi plumbum(II) karbonat.
Lead(II) carbonate
Plumbum(II) karbonat

Heat
Panaskan

Solid P
Pepejal P

Colourless gas Q
Gas tidak berwarna Q

I
II

dilute nitric acid


asid nitrik cair

Solution R
Larutan R

III

Potassium iodide solution


Larutan kalium iodida

Precipitate X
Mendakan X

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Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

a)

i)

Name the solid P/ Namakan pepejal P.


..

ii)

iii)

[1 mark ]
Draw a labelled diagram of the set up of apparatus can be used to produce solid P and to
identify gas Q in step I.
Lukiskan gambar rajah berlabel bagi susunan radas yang boleh digunakan untuk menghasilkan
pepejal P dan mengenalpasti gas Q dalam langkah I

[2 marks ]
Write the chemical equation for the decomposition of lead(II) carbonate when heated.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi penguraian plumbum(II) karbonat apabila dipanaskan.
..........

b)

i)

[1 mark ]

Name the precipitate X./Namakan mendakan X.


.

ii)

[1 mark ]

State the colour of precipitate X/ Nyatakan warna mendakan X.

iii)

[1 mark ]

Write the ionic equation for the formation of precipitate X.


Tuliskan persamaan ion bagi pembentukan mendakan X.
.

iv)

[1 mark ]

How to obtain precipitate X from the mixture.


Bagaimanakah mendakan X diasingkan daripada campuran.
...

[1 mark ]

SOALAN 17:
Diagram 4.1 shows the steps of preparation of salt G. Excess lead(II) oxide powder is dissolved in
50 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 nitric acid.
Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan langkah-langkah bagi penyediaaan garam G. Serbuk plumbum(II) oksida
berlebihan dilarutkan dalam 50 cm3 asid nitrik 1.0 mol dm-3.

Lead(II) oxide powder


Serbuk plumbum(II) oksida
50 cm3 of 1.0 moldm-3 nitric acid
50 cm3 asid nitrik 1.0 moldm-3

Salt solution
Larutan garam
7

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Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

Diagram 4.1 / Rajah 4.1


(a) What is the meaning of salt?
Apakah maksud bagi garam?

[1 mark]

(b) Write the chemical formula of salt G formed.


Tuliskan formula kimia bagi garam G yang terbentuk.
......
(c) Why is excess lead(II) oxide powder added to nitric acid?
Mengapakah serbuk plumbum(II) oksida berlebihan ditambahkan kepada asid nitrik ?
......
(d) Write the ionic equation for the reaction between lead(II) oxide and nitric acid.
Tuliskan persamaan ion bagi tindak balas antara plumbum (II) oksida dan asid nitrik.

[1 mark]

[1 mark

[2 marks]

(e) Salt G formed contains nitrate ion. Describe a chemical test to verify the ion.
Garam G yang terbentuk mengandungi ion nitrat.Huraikan satu ujian kimia untuk mengesahkan
ion itu.
....
....
...

[2 marks]

SOALAN 18:
Diagram 5 shows a flow chart for the qualitative analysis of salt W. The green colour of carbonate salt W is
heated strongly to produce black colour of solid X and colourless gas Z.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan carta alir analisis kualitatif bagi garam W. Garam karbonat W yang berwarna hijau
Salt W dengan kuat
Solid X
Heat
Colourless
gas Z Z .
dipanaskan
menghasilkan pepejal
X berwarna +
hitam dan gas
tak berwarna
Garam W
Pepejal X
Gas tak berwarna Z
Panaskan
Process I
Proses I
Process II
Proses II

+ Hydrochloric acid
+ Asid hidroklorik
Process III
Proses III

Blue solution Y
Larutan biru Y

+ Sodium hydroxide solution


+ larutan natrium hidroksida

+ silver nitrate solution


+ larutan argentum nitrat
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8
Blue precipitate
Mendakan biru

White precipitate
Mendakan putih

Module Latihan Topikal SPM_2016


Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

(a) Based on Diagram 5,


Berdasarkan Rajah 5,
(i)

Diagram 5/Rajah 5

State the name of salt W and solid X.


Nyatakan nama bagi garam W dan pepejal X.
Salt W :.....................................................................................................................................
Garam W
Solid X :.............................................................................................................................................
Pepejal X
[2 marks]

(ii)

describe a chemical test to identify gas Z.


huraikan satu ujian kimia untuk mengenal pasti gas Z.
............................................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................................................

(iii)

what is the name of reaction in Process I?


apakah nama tindak balas dalam Proses I?
........................................................................................................................................

(iv)

write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction in Process I.


tuliskan persamaan kimia yang seimbang bagi tindak balas dalam Proses I.
...............................................................................................................

[2 marks]

[1 mark]

[2 marks]

(b) Based on the observation in Process II and Process III, state the cation and anion present in solution Y.
Berdasarkan pemerhatian dalam Proses II dan Proses III, nyatakan kation dan anion yang hadir dalam
larutan Y.
Cation..............................................................................................................
Kation
Anion .......................................................................................................
Anion

(c) (i)

Write the ionic equation for the reaction occur in Process III.
Tuliskan persamaan ion bagi tindak balas yang berlaku dalam Proses III.
..........................................................................................................................

(ii)

[2 marks]

What is the name of reaction occur in Process III?


Apakah nama tindak balas yang berlaku dalam Proses III?

[1 mark]

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Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

[1 mark]

SOALAN 20 : Eksperimen garam terlarutkan

Magnesium nitrat adalah garam larut.


Huraikan bagaimanakah penyediaan magnesium nitrat kering
dalam makmal. Jawapan and mestilah mengandungi

Bahan kimia / substance


Prosedur / procedures
Persamaan kimia yang terlibat dalam tindak balas/ chemical equation

Persamaan kimia : Mg + HNO3 Mg(NO3)2 + H2


Chemical equation

1.

Masukkan 25 cm3 asid nitrik 0.1 moldm-3 ke dalam bikar


Pour 25 cm3 of 0.1 moldm-3 nitric acid ke dalam bikar

2.

Panaskan asid nitrik perlahan-lahan


Heat nitric acid slowly

3.

Tambahkan serbuk magnesium ke dalam bikar sehingga berlebihan


Add magnesium powder into a beaker until excess.

4.

Kacau campuran / Stir the mixture

5.

Turas campuran / Filter the mixture

6.

Panaskan larutan sehingga tepu / Heat the solution

7.

Sejukkan garam / Cool the salt

8.

Turaskan garam / Filter the salt

9.

Keringkan garam di antara dua kertas turas / Dry the salt between two pieces of filter paper.

SOALAN 21 : Eksperimen garam terlarutkan


Zink klorida adalah garam larut.
Huraikan bagaimanakah penyediaan zink klorida kering dalam makmal. Jawapan
and mestilah mengandungi
Bahan kimia
Prosedur
Persamaan kimia yang terlibat dalam tindak balas

SOALAN 22 :

Penyediaan garam tak terlarutkan


Anda telah dibekalkan dengan bahan berikut:
You are given the following substance :
Argentum nitrat

Natrium klorida

10

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Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

Silver nitrate

Sodium chloride

Terangkan bagaimana anda boleh menyediakan garam dengan menggunakan bahan-bahan di atas.
Describe how to prepare a sample of salt by using the above substances .
Jawapan :

[6 marks]

Prosedur / Procedures;

1. Masukkan 25 cm3 larutan barium nitrat, Ba(NO3)2 0.1 mol dm-3 ke dalam bikar.
Pour 25 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 barium nitrat, Ba(NO3)2 into a beaker.
2. Masukkan 25 cm3 larutan natrium klorida,NaCl 0.1 mol dm-3 ke dalam bikar.
Add 25 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 sodium chloride,NaCl into a beaker.
3. Kacau campuran dengan rod kaca
Stir the mixture using glass rod
4. Turas campuran / Filter the mixture
5. Bilas baki turasan dengan air suling.
Rinse the residue with distilled water
6. Keringkan garam di antara dua kertas turas.
Dry the salt/residue in between sheet of filter papers to dry

SOALAN 23 : Garam Tak larut Insoluble salt


Plumbum(II) sulfat adalah garam tak larut.
Huraikan bagaimanakah penyediaan plumbum(II) sulfat kering dalam makmal.
Lead(II) iodide an insoluble salt. Describe how the preparation the dry lead(II) sulphate in the laborotory
[6 marks]

SOALAN 24 :
Ujian pengesahan kimia
Confirmory test
Huraikan ujian-ujian kimia yang boleh digunakan untuk mengenal kation dan anion dalam larutan zink klorida
Describe the chemical tests that can be used to verify the cation and anion in zinc chloride
[5 marks]
Ujian pengesahan ion zink
Ujian pengesahan ion klorida
1. Masukkan larutan ke dalam tabung uji.
1. Masukkan larutan ke dalam tabung uji.
2. Masukkan 2 cm3 ammonia akueus ke dalam
tabung uji sehingga berlebihan.
3. Mendakan putih terbentuk

2.

Masukkan 2 cm3 asid nitrat ke dalam

3.

dalam tabung uji

4.

Masukkan 2 cm3 larutan argentum nitrat ke dalam

4. dan larut dalam berlebihan Mengesahkan


kehadiran ion zink

tabung uji .
5.

Mendakan putih terbentuk

6.

Mengesahkan kehadiran ion klorida

11

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Module Latihan Topikal SPM_2016


Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

SOALAN 25 :
Ujian kimia
Huraikan ujian-ujian kimia yang boleh digunakan untuk mengenal kation dan anion dalam larutan plumbum(II) nitrat
Describe the chemical tests that can be used to verify the cation and anion in lead(II) nitrate

SOALAN 26 : Pnyediaan garam tak terlarutkan


Anda telah dibekalkan dengan bahan berikut:
You are given the following substance :
Barium nitrat
Barium nitrate

magnesium sulfat
magnesium sulfat

Terangkan bagaimana anda boleh menyediakan garam dengan menggunakan bahan-bahan di atas.
Describe how to prepare a sample of salt by using the above substances .

[6 marks]

SOALAN 27 :
Diagram 4 shows Experiments I and II in the preparation of a salt.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan Eksperimen 1 dan II dalam penyediaan garam.
Experiment
Eksperimen

Method
Kaedah
0.1 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid
0.1 mol dm-3 asid hidroklorik

25.0 cm3 of 0.2 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide + phenolphthalein


25.0 cm3 natrium hidroksida 0.2 mol dm-3 + fenolftalein

12

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Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

10 cm3 of 1.0 mol


dm-3 lead(II) nitrate
solution
10 cm3 larutan
plumbum(II) nitrat
1.0 mol dm-3

II

Excess potassium iodide solution


Larutan kalium iodida
berlebihan

Precipitate X
Mendakan X
Diagram 4
Rajah 4
(a) Based on Experiment I:
Berdasarkan Eksperimen I :

(i) State the name for the reaction.


Nyatakan nama bagi tindak balas itu.

................................................................
[1 mark]

(ii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction that occurs in the conical flask.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindakbalas yang berlaku di dalam kelalang kon.
....................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(iii) State the colour change in the conical flask at the end point. .............................................................
Nyatakan perubahan warna di dalam kelalang kon pada takat akhir.
[1 mark]
(iv) Calculate the volume of hydrochloric acid used to neutralise the sodium hydroxide solution.
Hitungkan isi padu asid hidroklorik yang digunakan untuk meneutralkan larutan natrium hidroksida.

[2 marks]
(b) Based on Experiment II:
Berdasarkan Eksperimen II :
(i) State the name of the reaction. ..............................................................................................................
Nyatakan nama bagi tindak balas itu.
[1 mark]
(ii) State the name of precipitate X. ...............................................................................................................
Nyatakan nama bagi mendakan X.
[1 mark]
(iii) Write the ionic equation for the reaction. ...........................................................................................................
Tuliskan persamaan ion bagi tindak balas itu.
[1 mark]
(iv) Calculate the maximum mass of precipitate X formed. [Relative atomic mass ; Pb=207, I=127]
Hitungkan jisim maksimum mendakan X yang terbentuk. [Jisim atom relatif ; Pb=207, I=127]
[2 marks]

SOALAN 28 :
5

10.0 cm of 1.0 mol dm-3 sodium iodide is poured to 8 different test tubes. Different volume of 1.0 moldm-3
lead(II) nitrate are added to each test tube. The height of precipitate formed in each test tube is measured.
The graph below is obtained when the height of precipitate is plotted against the volume of lead (II) nitrate
solution.

Height of
precipitate/
cm

13

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Module Latihan Topikal SPM_2016


Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

1 2
(a)

Volume of lead (II) nitrate / cm3

Name the precipitate formed....................................................................................................


[ 1 mark ]
3
10 cm of 1.0 mol dm-3 lead (II) nitrate is added to
Estimate the height of the precipitate formed.

(b)

1.0 mol dm-3

sodium iodide solution.

..........................................................................................................................................
[ 1 mark ]
(d)

Based on the above graph, what is the volume of lead (II) nitrate needed to completely react with
sodium iodide solution?
...............................................................................................................................................
[ 1 mark ]
Calculate
(i) the number of moles of potassium iodide in the reaction.

(e)

[ 1 mark ]
(ii) the number of moles of lead (II) nitrate that has completely reacted with potassium iodide solution.

[ 1 mark ]
(f)

Write the ionic equation for the formation of the precipitate.


................................................................................................................................................
[ 1 mark ]
The concentration of lead (II) nitrate is changed from 1.0 mol dm-3 to 2.0 mol dm-3 .
Sketch the graph obtained on the above graph.

(g)

[ 1 mark]
(h)

The mixture in test tube 8 is filtered. State the observation when the sodium hydroxide solution is
added to the filtrate until in excess .
............................................................................................................................
...................

[ 2 marks ]

SOALAN 29 :
Diagram 5 shows a flow chart for the qualitative analysis of salt W. The green colour of carbonate salt W is heated
strongly to produce black colour of solid X and colourless gas Z.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan carta alir analisis kualitatif bagi garam W. Garam karbonat W yang berwarna hijau dipanaskan dengan kuat
menghasilkan pepejal X berwarna hitam dan gas tak berwarna Z .

Salt W
Garam W

Solid X
Pepejal X

Heat
Panaskan

Process I
Proses I
Process II
Proses II

+ Hydrochloric acid
+ Asid hidroklorik

Blue solution Y
Larutan biru Y

+ Sodium hydroxide solution


+ larutan natrium hidroksida

Process III
Proses III

+ silver nitrate solution


+ larutan argentum nitrat

14
Blue precipitate
Mendakan biru

Colourless gas Z
Gas tak berwarna Z

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White precipitate
Mendakan putih

Module Latihan Topikal SPM_2016


Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

Diagram 5/Rajah 5
(d) Based on Diagram 5,
Berdasarkan Rajah 5,
(v)

State the name of salt W and solid X.


Nyatakan nama bagi garam W dan pepejal X.
Salt W :...............................................................................Solid X : ............................................................
Garam W
Pepejal X
[2 marks]

(vi)

(vii)

describe a chemical test to identify gas Z.


huraikan satu ujian kimia untuk mengenal pasti gas Z.
............................................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
what is the name of reaction in Process I?
apakah nama tindak balas dalam Proses I?
........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(viii)

write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction in Process I.


tuliskan persamaan kimia yang seimbang bagi tindak balas dalam Proses I.
............................................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

(e) Based on the observation in Process II and Process III, state the cation and anion present in solution Y.
Berdasarkan pemerhatian dalam Proses II dan Proses III, nyatakan kation dan anion yang hadir dalam larutan
Y.
Cation : ................................................................................. Anion :.......................................................................
Kation
Anion
[2 marks]
(f)

(i)

(ii)

Write the ionic equation for the reaction occur in Process III.
Tuliskan persamaan ion bagi tindak balas yang berlaku dalam Proses III.
............................................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
What is the name of reaction occur in Process III?/
Apakah nama tindak balas yang berlaku dalam Proses III?

[1 mark]

SOALAN 30 :

Diagram 6.1 shows a series of reaction of copper compound.


Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan satu siri tindak balas bagi sebatian kuprum
Copper (II)
nitrate
Kuprum (II)
nitrat

Sodium carbonate
Natrium karbonat

Copper(II)
carbonate
Kuprum(II)
karbonat

Heat
Panaskan

Copper(II)
oxide
Kuprum(II)
oksida

Gas X

Acid Y
Asid Y
Copper(II) sulphate
Kuprum(II) sulfat

15

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Module Latihan Topikal SPM_2016


Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

Diagram 6.1 /Rajah 6.1


(a) Copper(II) nitrate solution reacts with sodium carbonate solution to form copper(II) carbonate precipitate.
Larutan kuprum(II) nitrat bertindak balas dengan larutan natrium karbonat membentuk mendakan kuprum(II)
karbonat.
(i)

What is the colour of copper(II) carbonate? / Apakah warna kuprum(II) karbonat?


.....................
[1 mark]

(ii)

State the name of the reaction / Nyatakan nama bagi tindak balas itu.
............................................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(b) Heating of copper(II) carbonate produces copper(II) oxide and gas X.


Pemanasan kuprum(II) karbonat menghasilkan kuprum(II) oksida dan gas X.
(i)

State the name of gas X / Nyatakan nama bagi gas X


..
[1 mark]

(ii)

Write a balanced chemical equation of the reaction.


Tuliskan persamaan kimia seimbang bagi tindak balas itu.
........................................................................
[1 mark]

(i)

Draw a labeled diagram for the heating of copper(II) carbonate to produce copper(II) oxide and
gas X. In your diagram show how gas X is tested.
Lukiskan gambar rajah berlabel bagi pemanasan kuprum(II) karbonat untuk menghasilkan kuprum(II) oksida dan gas
X. Dalam rajah anda tunjukkan bagaimana gas X diuji.

[2 marks]

(c) Copper(II) carbonate reacts with acid Y to produce copper(II) sulphate.


The chemical equation is shown below.
Kuprum(II) karbonat bertindak balas dengan asid Y menghasilkan kuprum(II) sulfat. Persamaan kimia itu
ditunjukkan di bawah:
CuCO3
+
Acid Y

CuSO4 + CO2 + H2O


(i)

What is acid Y? /Apakah asid Y?


..
[1 mark]

(ii)

If 12.4 g copper(II) carbonate reacts completely with excess acid Y, calculate the mass of
copper(II) sulphate formed.
[Relative atomic mass: C = 12, O=16 , S = 32, Cu = 64]
Jika 12.4 g kuprum(II) karbonat bertindak balas lengkap dengan asid Y berlebihan, hitung jisim
kuprum(II) sulfat yang terbentuk.

16

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Module Latihan Topikal SPM_2016


Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

[Jisim atom relatif: C = 12, O=16 , S = 32, Cu = 64]

3 marks]

SOALAN 31 :
(a) Diagram 3.1 shows the names for two type of salts.
Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan nama bagi dua jenis garam.

Copper(II) chloride
Kuprum(II) klorida

Lead(II) chloride

Plumbum(II) klorida
Diagram 3.1/Rajah 3.1
(i)

Based on the salt given in Diagram 3.1, write the formula of an insoluble salt.
State the name of reaction to prepare insoluble salt.

(ii)

(b)

Berdasarkan garam yang diberikan dalam Rajah 3.1, tuliskan formula garam yang tak terlarutkan.
Nyatakan nama bagi tindak balas menyediakan garam tak terlarutkan.
[2 marks]
State the suitable chemicals required to produce copper(II) chloride and lead(II) chloride salts.
Nyatakan bahan-bahan kimia yang sesui untuk menyediakan garam kuprum (II) klorida dan
plumbum(II) klorida.
[4 marks]

Diagram 3.2 shows reactions involving solid S. When heated, solid S decomposes to solid T, brown gas U
and colourless gas W. Gas U relights glowing wooden splinter.
Rajah3.2 menunjukkan tindak balas yang melibatkan pepejal S. Bila dipanaskan, pepejal S terurai kepada
pepejal T, gas perang U dan gas tak berwarna U. Gas W menyalakan semula kayu uji berbara.
White solid S
Pepejal putih S

Solid T
Pepejal T

Brown gas U
Gas perang U

Colourless gas W
Gas W tak berwarna
U

+ HNO3 (aq)
Colourless solution X
Larutan tak berwarna X
+ NaOH (aq)

White precipitate, soluble


in excess NaOH
Mendakan putih, larut
dalam berlebihan NaOH

+ NH3(aq)

17

White precipitate, soluble


in excess NH3 @azemi_chemistry panel smssi
Mendakan putih, larut
dalam berlebihan NH3

Module Latihan Topikal SPM_2016


Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

Diagram 3.2/ Rajah3.2


(i) Identify solid S, solid T, gas U and gas W.
Kenal pasti pepejal S, pepejal T, gas U dan gas W

(ii)

[ 4marks]

Write the chemical equation for the heating of solid S.


Tuliskan persamaan kimia untuk pemanasan pepejal S.

[2 marks]

(c) A student carried out an experiment to construct an ionic equation for the formation of barium sulphate.
Table 3.3 shows the height of precipitate formed when 5.0 cm 3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 potassium sulphate
solution is added with 1.0 cm3, 2.0 cm3, 3.0 cm3, 4.0 cm3, 5.0 cm3, 6.0 cm3, 7.0 cm3 and 8.0 cm3 of 0.5 mol
dm-3 barium chloride solution respectively in eight test tubes.
Seorang pelajar telah menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk membina persamaan ion bagi pembentukan
barium sulfat. Jadual 3.3 menunjukkan tinggi mendakan yang terbentuk apabila 5.0cm3larutan kalium
sulfat0.5 mol dm-3ditambahkan dengan masing-masing 1.0 cm3, 2.0 cm3, 3.0 cm3, 4.0 cm3, 5.0 cm3, 6.0 cm3,
7.0 cm3dan 8.0 cm3larutan barium klorida dalam lapan tabung uji .
Test tube
Tabung uji

Volume of 0.5 mol dm-3 potassium


sulphate solution / cm3
Isipadu larutan kalium sulfat
0.5 mol dm-3 / cm3

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

Volume of 0.5 mol dm-3 barium


chloride solution / cm3
Isipadu larutan barium klorida
0.5 mol dm-3 / cm3

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

8.0

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2.0

2.0

2.0

2.0

Height of precipitate/ cm
Tinggi mendakan/cm

Table 3.3 / Jadual 3.3


(i) Based on Table 3.3, draw a graph of the height of the precipitate against volume of 1.0 mol dm -3
barium chloride solution.
.

Berdasarkan Jadual 3.3, lukiskan graf tinggi mendakan melawan isi padu larutan barium klorida 1 mol dm-3
[3 marks]

(ii) On the graph that you have drawn in a(i) , mark the minimum volume of 1.0 mol dm -3 barium chloride
solution needed to react completely with 5.0 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 potassium sulphate solution.
Pada kertas graf yang telah anda lukiskan di (a) (i), tandakan isi padu minimum larutan barium klorida 1.0
mol dm-3 yang diperlukan untuk bertindak balas lengkap dengan5.0 cm3larutan kalium sulfat 1.0 mol dm-3.[1
mark]

18

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Module Latihan Topikal SPM_2016


Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

(iii) Calculate the number of mole of barium ions and number of moles of sulphate ions required for the
formation of barium sulphate. Then calculate the number of moles of sulphate ions that react with 1 mole
of barium ion.
Hitungkan bilangan mol ion barium dan bilangan mol ion sulfat yang diperlukan untuk pembentukan barium
sulfat. Kemudian hitungkan bilangan mol ion sulfat yang bertindak balas dengan 1 mol ion barium
[3 marks]
(iv) Write the ionic equation for the formation of barium sulphate
Tuliskan persamaan ion untuk pembentukan barium klorida

[1 mark]

SOALAN 31 :
BAHAGIAN C
(a) A farmer discovers that his vegetables are not growing well due to soil problems. By using your chemistry
knowledge, state two possible causes and ways to overcome the problems by naming the chemical used.
Seorang petani mendapati sayuran yang ditanamnya tidak subur disebabkan masalah tanah. Dengan
menggunakan pengetahuan kimia anda, nyatakan dua penyebab yang mungkin dan cara untuk mengatasi
masalah ini dengan menamakan bahan kimia yang digunakan .
[4 marks]

(b) Table4 shows the information on action of heat for two lead salts, P and Q.
Jadual4menunjukkan maklumat bagi tindakan haba ke atas dua garam plumbum P dan Q ,
Experiment
Eksperimen
Salt P
Garam P

Products
Hasil
Residue R
Baki R

Observation
Pemerhatian
Brown solid when hot, yellow when cold
Pepejal perang bila panas, kuning bila sejuk

Gas A
Gas A

Lime water become chalky


Air kapur menjadi keruh

19

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Module Latihan Topikal SPM_2016


Bab 8_Tingkatan 4

Heat
Panas

Lime water
Air kapur

Salt Q
Garam Q

Residue R
Baki R

Brown solid when hot, yellow when cold


Pepejal perang bila panas, kuning bila sejuk

Gas B
Gas B

Brown gas
Gas perang

Gas C
Gas C

Rekindles glowing splinder


Menyalakan kayu uji berbara

Heat
Panas
Table 4/ Jadual 4
Based on Table 4, identify residue R, gas A, gas B and gas C.
Write the chemical formulae for salt P and Q.
Berdasarkan Jadual 4, kenal pasti baki R, gas A, gas B dan gas C.
Tuliska formula kimia bagi garam P dan garam Q.

[6marks]
(b) By using all the chemical substances given below and suitable apparatus, describe a laboratory
experiment to prepare dry zinc sulphate salt.
Dengan menggunakan bahan kimia yang diberikan di bawah dan alat radas yang sesuai, huraikan satu
eksperimen di makmal untuk menyediakan garam zink sulfat kering.

zinc nitrate solution


dilute sulphuric acid
sodium carbonate solution
Larutan zink nitrat
Asid sulfurik cair
Larutan natrium karbonat

In your description, include chemical equations involved.


Dalam huraian anda sertakan persamaan kimia yang terlibat.

20

[12 marks]

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