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PERHITUNGAN NERACA MASSA

Kapasitas produksi
Jumlah hari kerja dalam satu tahun
Jumlah jam kerja dalam satu hari
Kapasitas produksi dalam satu jam
Spesifikasi Produk
Spesifikasi produk Asam Benzoat 99.8%wt
patent US4965406
Berat Molekul (Ref : Yaws, C.)
Komponen
BM (kg/kgmol)
32.000
O2
28.000
N2
18.000
H2O
106.000
C7H6O
122.000
C7H6O2
92.000
C7H8
CO(CH3COO)2*4H2O
249

37500 ton/tahun
330 hari
24 jam
4734.84848 kg/jam
4725.38 kg/jam
38.73261 kmol/jam
Basis
mol C7H8 mula-mula

Perbandingan massa kebutuhan katalis (Co2+) terhadap toluen


Mc Ketta, Vol 4, 1977, hal 305
Co2+
Toluen
0.22 massa Co2+
1850 massa toluen
0.22 kg
1850 kg
Toluen
Co2+
59 kg/kmol
92 kg/kmol
0.003729 kmol Co2+
20.1087 kmol toluen
1 massa Co2+
1 massa Co(C2H3O2)2.4H2O
Cobalt acetate kristal yang diperlukan =
0.003729 kmol Co2+ tiap 20.0779 kmol toluen
0.0005 kg cobalt acetate tiap 1850 kg toluen
Kebutuhan cobalt acetate kristal tiap kmol toluen =
0.0002 kmol cobalt acetate
Kebutuhan cobalt acetate =
0.0101 kmol cobalt acetate

2.5129 kg cobalt acetate


Kebutuhan Udara
1 lbm/ft3=
Udara=

Mc Ketta, Vol 4, 1977, hal 305


16.0185 kg/m3
55000.0000 ft3
4120.2463 lbm
perbandingan massa kebutuhan Udara terhadap toluen
Udara
Toluen
4120.24630
massa udara
1850.0000 massa toluen
142.07746
kmol udara
20.1087 kmol toluen

perbandingan oksigen dan toluen


Arus
Arus56
CO
H2 99,8
99,9 %mol
%mol
CH
Ar4 0,2
0,1%mol
%mol

29.8363 kmol oksigen


1.4837

Arus 7

Arus 4
C3H6 99,6 %mol
REAKTOR
C3H8 0,4 %mol

Tee-01

Arus 6

Arus 1

C7H8
C7H6O

C7H8

Arus 4
O2
N2

Arus 2

Katalis

Reaktor
Gelembung

Arus 5
Katalis
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
H2O

H2
Ar

CO
CH4

C3H6
C3H8

Arus 7
O2
N2

REAKSI 1
mula
reaksi
sisa

C7H8

+
100.00000
50.00000
50.00000

REAKSI 2
mula
reaksi
sisa

C7H6O

REAKSI 1
mula
reaksi
sisa

C7H8

REAKSI 2
mula
reaksi
sisa

C7H6O

O2
74.29186
50.00000
24.29186

+
50.00000
45.00000
5.00000

1/2O2 +
24.29186
22.50000
1.79186

+
86.18605
43.09302
43.09302

O2
68.28597
43.09302
25.19295

+
43.09302
38.78372
4.30930

1/2O2 +
25.19295
19.39186
5.80109

C7H6O +
H2O
0.00000
50.00000
50.00000
C7H6O2
0.00000
45.00000
45.00000

C7H6O +
H2O
0.00000
43.09302
43.09302
C7H6O2
0.00000
38.78372
38.78372

0.00000
50.00000
50.00000

N2=

0.00000
43.09302
43.09302

N2=

Arus 8
Katalis
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
H2O
Arus 6

Katalis
C7H8
C7H6O
C7H6O2
H2O

Flash Drum

Arus 9
cobalt acetate
toluen

asam benzoat
benzaldehid
air

Arus 10
toluen
asam benzoat
benzaldehid

DEKANTER

Arus 9
Katalis
Arus
11
C7H6O
air
C7H6O
cobalt 2acetate
toluen
C7H8
asamH2O
benzoat
benzaldehid

Arus 12
benzaldehid
toluen
Arus 11
toluen
asam benzoat
benzaldehid

MENARA DISTILASI
Arus 13
asam benzoat
benzaldehid

Arus 14
asam benzoat
benzaldehid
toluen

CRISTALIZER
Arus 15
asam benzoat
benzaldehid
toluen

Arus 18
asam benzoat
Air

FILTER
Arus 17
air
benzaldehid
toluen

Arus 16
Air
Arus 15
Asam benzoat
benzaldehid
toluen

Arus 19
air
asam benzoat

DRYER

Arus 21
asam benzoat
air

Arus 19
air
asam benzoat

DRYER

Arus 20
air

Arus 21
asam benzoat
air

100 kmol/jam

0.0092761949

excess udara

0.03584

279.4789105553

OUTPUT R
arus 5
kmol/jam
kg/jam

256.8853240336

50.00
9.72
45.00
50.00
0.00
154.72

2154.65
0.00
#VALUE!
2154.65
0.00
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Arus 12
benzaldehid
toluen

Arus 13
asam benzoat
benzaldehid

Arus 18
asam benzoat
Air

Arus 21
asam benzoat
air

Arus 21
asam benzoat
air

OUTPUT R
arus 6
kmol/jam
kg/jam
1.79
154.43
279.48
12043.59

281.27
#VALUE!

12198.02

FL

3
5

NM Reaktor

Input
Komponen
O2
N2
H2O
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
cobalt asetat
Total

FF
kg/jam
2377.34
7825.41
2.3148103856

Recycle
kg/jam

241.76
4606.47
2.51

4593.53

MF
kg/jam
2377.34
7825.41
2.3148103856
241.76
9200.00
2.51

19649.34

Input

Komponen
O2
N2
H2O
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
cobalt asetat

arus 1,2
kg/jam

2.3148103856

4606.47
2.51

Output
arus 3
kg/jam
2377.34
7825.41

arus 4
kg/jam
57.34
7825.41

Total

4611.30039944
10202.75
14814.05

7882.75
14814.05

15

14

12

11

Cr

22

13
MD

19

Reaktor
9
Komponen

MD

FL

11
10

O2
N2
H2O
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
cobalt asetat
Total

Output
kg/jam
57.34
7825.41
902.31
771.76
5490.00
4600.00
2.51
19649.34

Output
arus 7
kg/jam

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Decanter

arus 10
kg/jam

902.31
2.71
1.80
0.45
2.51

arus 11
kg/jam

527.29
5488.20
6.02

Komponen

H2O
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
cobalt asetat
Total

0.00
14814.05

15

909.79

Menara Distilasi
NM toluen
D+B=
0.001B+0.95D
0.001B+0.95(F-B)
-0.949

21

19

18
D

18

6021.51

Komponen

C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
Total
Neraca Massa Kristalizer
BM

106.000
122.000
92.000
122.000

NM Filter
BM

106.000
122.000
92.000
122.000
18.000

NM dryer

BM

106.000
122.000
92.000
122.000
18.000

NM MD
F=B+D
B+D=
D=

BM

106.000
122.000
92.000
122.000
18.000

Basis C7H8
Produk basis
produk kapasitas
faktor pengali
Basis C7H8

NM dengan Recycle

Input
BM

arus 1,2,3
kmol/jam kg/jam
2377.34
32.00
74.29
7825.41
28.00
279.48
2.31
18.00
0.13
241.76
106.00
2.28
0.00
122.00
0.00
9200.00
92.00
100.00
2.51
249.00
0.0101
19649.34

input
arus 8
kmol/jam

kg/jam
50.13
902.31
7.28
771.76
45.00
5490.00
50.00
4600.00
0.0101
2.51
11766.59

fraksi massa
0.12
0.40
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.47
0.00

Output
arus 4,5,6
kmol/jam
1.79
279.48
50.13
7.28
45
50
0.0101
19649.34

outpu
top
arus 9
fraksi massa
kmol/jam
kg/jam
0.08
0.00
0.00
0.07
7.26
769.06
0.47
44.99
5488.20
0.39
50.00
4599.55
0.00
0.00
0.00
10856.80

11766.

D=F-B
4599.55
4599.55 10313.96177175
-5714.4129
6021.5099

B=
B=

D=

outpu

input
arus 9
kmol/jam

kg/jam
7.26
769.06
44.99
5488.20
50.00
4599.55

Top
fraksi massa
0.07
0.51
0.42

10856.80

kmol/jam

arus 6
kg/jam
2.28
241.76
0.00
0.00
49.93
4593.53
4835.29

10856.
102.24

raca Massa Kristalizer


INPUT
Komponen
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
Mo Liq C7H6O2
total

arus 11
kg/jam
kmol/jam
527.29
4.97
5488.20
44.99
6.02
0.07
0.00
0.00
6021.51

fraksi massa

arus 13

kg/jam

0.09
0.91
0.00
0.00

7.28
0.00
0.00
721.10

728.38
6749.89

INPUT
Komponen
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
Mo Liq C7H6O2
H2O

arus 14
kg/jam
kmol/jam
534.58
5.04
5482.81
44.94
6.02
0.07
726.49
5.95
0.00
0.00

fraksi massa

arus 15

kg/jam

0.08
0.81
0.00
0.11
0.00

6749.89

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
5482.81
5482.81

12232.70

INPUT
Komponen
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
Mo Liq C7H6O2
H2O

arus 18
kg/jam
kmol/jam
0.00
0.00
5482.81
44.94
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
15.23
274.14042

fraksi massa

0.00
0.95
0.00
0.00
0.05

arus 21

kg/jam
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
263.15

5756.95
5756.95

1267.09
1267.09 -

263.15

NM asam benzoat
0.99*B + 0.01*D=
0.01(F-B)+0.99B=
0.98

INPUT
Komponen
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
Mo Liq C7H6O2
H2O

arus 17
kg/jam
kmol/jam
534.58
5.04
0.00
0.00
6.02
0.07
726.49
5.95
0.00
0.00
1267.09
1267.09

100
44.9407
38.7326
0.86
86.19

fraksi massa

0.42
0.00
0.00
0.57
0.00

arus 22

kg/jam
527.29
0.00
6.02
5.39
0.00
538.70

Output
arus 4,5,6
kg/jam
57.34
7825.41
902.31
771.76
5490.00
4600.00
2.51
19649.34

top

856.80

fraksi massa
0.00
0.40
0.05
0.04
0.28
0.23
0.00

19649.34

output
bottom
arus 10
fraksi massa
kmol/jam
kg/jam
0.00
50.13
902.31
0.07
0.03
2.71
0.51
0.01
1.80
0.42
0.005
0.45
0.00
0.0101
2.51
909.79
11766.59

fraksi massa
0.99
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

4835.29
output

Top

bottom
fraksi massa

kmol/jam

0.05
0.00
0.95

835.29

arus 11
kg/jam
4.97
527.29
44.99
5488.20
0.07
6.02
6021.51

fraksi massa
0.09
0.91
0.00

10856.80

OUTPUT
arus 13

kmol/jam
0.07
0.00
0.00
5.91

fraksi massa
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.99

arus 14

kg/jam

kmol/jam

534.58
5482.81
6.02
726.49

728.38

5.04
44.94
0.07
5.95

fraksi massa
0.08
0.81
0.00
0.11

6749.89
6749.89
0.00000000

OUTPUT
arus 15

kmol/jam
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
304.60
5482.81

fraksi massa
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.00

arus 18

kg/jam
0.00
5482.81
0.00
0.00
274.140

kmol/jam
0.00
44.94
0.00
0.00
15.230
5756.95

fraksi massa
0.00
0.95
0.00
0.00
0.05

12232.7

OUTPUT
arus 21

kmol/jam
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
14.62
263.15

fraksi massa

arus 19

kg/jam

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.00

kmol/jam

0.00
5482.81
0.00
0.00
10.99

0.00
44.94
0.00
0.00
0.61
5493.80

fraksi massa
0.00
0.998
0.00
0.00
0.00

5756.95

sam benzoat
*B + 0.01*D=
F-B)+0.99B=
B
B=

726.49
726.49
713.816777565
728.384466903 D=

538.70

OUTPUT
arus 22

kmol/jam
4.97
0.00
0.07
0.04
0.00
538.70

fraksi massa

arus 13

kg/jam

0.98
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.00
1267.09

7.28
0.00
0.00
721.10
0.00

kmol/jam
0.07
0.00
0.00
5.91
0.00
728.38

fraksi massa
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.99
0.00

534.58
5488.20
6.02
721.10

OUTPUT
arus 17

kg/jam kmol/jam
534.58 5.043178
0.00
0.00
6.02 0.065451
726.49 5.954817
0.00
0.00
1267.09
12232.70

fraksi massa
0.42
0.00
0.00
0.57
0.00

Arus 16

kg/jam kmol/jam
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
5208.67

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
289.37
5208.67

fraksi massa
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.00

NERACA MASSA TOTAL

Komponen
O2
N2
H2O
C7H6O
C7H6O2
Mq C7H6O2
C7H8
cobalt asetat
Total

arus 1,2
kg/jam

2.31

Input
arus 3
kg/jam
2377.34
7825.41

arus 15
kg/jam

arus 4
kg/jam
57.34
7825.41

5482.81

4606.47
2.51
4611.3004 10202.749 5482.8084 7882.7491
20296.86

arus 7
kg/jam

arus 10
kg/jam

0.00
0.00
0.00

902.31
2.71
1.80

0.00
0

Output
arus 21
kg/jam

arus 19
kg/jam

263.15

10.99
5482.81

0.45
2.51
909.79046 263.15283 5493.796
20296.86

arus 16
kg/jam

arus 21
kg/jam

5208.67
527.29
5.39
6.02
5208.66799 538.7016

3
5

NM Reaktor

Input
Komponen
O2
N2
H2O
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
cobalt asetat
Total
9377.94

Komponen
O2
N2
H2O
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
cobalt asetat

FF
kg/jam
2185.15
7192.79
21.2767687837

Recycle
kg/jam

194.48
4234.08
2.31

3695.04

MF
kg/jam
2185.15
7192.79
21.2767687837
194.48
7929.12
2.31

17525.12
4255.35
3889.52 8147.17866105
33702.4017534 74273.286255
Input
arus 1,2
arus 3
arus 4
kg/jam
kg/jam
kg/jam
2185.15
185.63
7192.79
7192.79
21.2767687837

4234.08
2.31

Output

Total

4257.66352927
9377.94
13635.60

7378.42
12970.75

15

14

12

11

Cr

22

13
MD

19

Reaktor
9

Komponen

MD

FL

11

O2
N2
H2O
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
cobalt asetat
Total

10

Output
kg/jam
185.63
7192.79
796.95
651.26
4731.61
3964.56
2.31
17525.12

Output
arus 7
kg/jam

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

8147.18

Decanter

arus 10
kg/jam

742.58
2.23
1.49
0.37
2.02

arus 11
kg/jam

424.10
4414.69
4.84

Komponen

H2O
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
cobalt asetat
Total

0.00
12970.75

15

748.69

4843.64

Menara Distilasi
NM toluen
D+B=
0.001B+0.95D
0.001B+0.95(F-B)
-0.949

21
Komponen
19

18
D

C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
Total

18

Neraca Massa Kristalizer


BM

106.000
122.000
92.000
122.000

NM Filter
BM

106.000
122.000
92.000
122.000
18.000

NM dryer

BM

106.000
122.000
92.000
122.000
18.000

NM MD
F=B+D
B+D=
D=

BM

106.000
122.000
92.000
122.000
18.000

Basis C7H8
Produk basis
produk kapasitas
faktor pengali
Basis C7H8

NM dengan Recycle

Input
BM

arus 1,2,3
kmol/jam kg/jam
2185.15
32.00
68.29
7192.79
28.00
256.89
21.28
18.00
1.18
194.48
106.00
1.83
0.00
122.00
0.00
7929.12
92.00
86.19
2.31
249.00
0.0093
17525.12

input
arus 8
kmol/jam

kg/jam
41.25
742.58
5.86
620.81
36.20
4416.17
40.22
3700.25
0.0081
2.02
9481.84

fraksi massa

Output
arus 4,5,6
kmol/jam

0.12
5.80
0.41
256.89
0.00
44.28
0.01
6.14
0.00 38.78372134
0.45 43.09302371
0.00
0.0093
17525.12

outpu
top
arus 9
fraksi massa
kmol/jam
kg/jam
0.08
0.00
0.00
0.07
5.84
618.58
0.47
36.19
4414.69
0.39
40.22
3699.88
0.00
0.00
0.00
8733.15

9481.8

82.24

D=F-B
3699.88
3699.88
-4596.6105
4843.6359

B=
B=

D=

outpu

input
arus 9
kmol/jam

kg/jam
5.84
618.58
36.19
4414.69
40.22
3699.88

Top
fraksi massa
0.07
0.51
0.42

8733.15

kmol/jam

arus 6
kg/jam
1.83
194.48
0.00
0.00
40.16
3695.04
3889.52

8733.1

raca Massa Kristalizer


INPUT
Komponen
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
Mo Liq C7H6O2
total

arus 11
kg/jam
kmol/jam
424.10
4.00
4414.69
36.19
4.84
0.05
0.00
0.00
4843.64

fraksi massa

arus 13

kg/jam

0.09
0.91
0.00
0.00

5.86
0.00
0.00
580.05

585.91
5429.54

INPUT
Komponen
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
Mo Liq C7H6O2
H2O

arus 14
kg/jam
kmol/jam
429.96
4.06
4410.35
36.15
4.84
0.05
584.38
4.79
0.00
0.00

fraksi massa

arus 15

kg/jam

0.08
0.81
0.00
0.11
0.00

5429.54

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
4410.35
4410.35

9839.89

INPUT
Komponen
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
Mo Liq C7H6O2
H2O

arus 18
kg/jam
kmol/jam
0.00
0.00
4410.35
36.15
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
12.25
220.51755

fraksi massa

0.00
0.95
0.00
0.00
0.05

arus 21

kg/jam
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
211.68

4630.87
4630.87

1019.19
1019.19 -

211.68

NM asam benzoat
0.98*D + 0.01*B=
0.01(F-B)+0.98B=
0.98

INPUT
Komponen
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
Mo Liq C7H6O2
H2O

arus 17
kg/jam
kmol/jam
429.96
4.06
0.00
0.00
4.84
0.05
584.38
4.79
0.00
0.00
1019.19
1019.19

100
36.15
38.73
1.071
107.14

fraksi massa

0.42
0.00
0.00
0.57
0.00

arus 22

kg/jam
424.10
0.00
4.84
4.33
0.00
433.28

Output
arus 4,5,6
kg/jam
185.63
7192.79
796.95
651.26
4731.61
3964.56
2.31
17525.12

top

733.15

fraksi massa
0.01
0.41
0.05
0.04
0.27
0.23
0.00

output
bottom
arus 10
fraksi massa
kmol/jam
kg/jam
0.00
41.25
742.58
0.07
0.02
2.23
0.51
0.01
1.49
0.42
0.004
0.37
0.00
0.0081
2.02
748.69
9481.84

fraksi massa
0.99
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

41.30

3889.52
output

Top

bottom
fraksi massa

kmol/jam

0.05
0.00
0.95

889.52

arus 11
kg/jam
4.00
424.10
36.19
4414.69
0.05
4.84
4843.64

fraksi massa
0.09
0.91
0.00

8733.15

OUTPUT
arus 13

kmol/jam
0.06
0.00
0.00
4.75

fraksi massa
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.99

arus 14

kg/jam

kmol/jam

429.96
4410.35
4.84
584.38

585.91

4.06
36.15
0.05
4.79

fraksi massa
0.08
0.81
0.00
0.11

5429.54
5429.54

OUTPU
arus 15

kmol/jam
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
245.02
4410.35

fraksi massa
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.00

arus 18

kg/jam
0.00
4410.35
0.00
0.00
220.518

kmol/jam
0.00
36.15
0.00
0.00
12.251
4630.87

fraksi massa
0.00
0.95
0.00
0.00
0.05

9839.8

OUTPUT
arus 21

kmol/jam
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
11.76
211.68

fraksi massa

arus 19

kg/jam

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.00

kmol/jam

0.00
4410.35
0.00
0.00
8.84

0.00
36.15
0.00
0.00
0.49
4419.19

fraksi massa
0.00
1.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

4630.87
10316.86 5685.99300828

sam benzoat
*D + 0.01*B=
F-B)+0.98B=
B
B=

584.38
584.38
574.192110076
585.910316404 D=

433.28

OUTPUT
arus 22

kmol/jam
4.00
0.00
0.05
0.04
0.00
433.28

fraksi massa

arus 13

kg/jam

0.98
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.00
1019.19

5.86
0.00
0.00
580.05
0.00

kmol/jam
0.06
0.00
0.00
4.75
0.00
585.91

fraksi massa
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.99
0.00

429.96
4414.69
4.84
580.05

OUTPUT
arus 17

kg/jam

kmol/jam

429.96 4.0562418
0.00
0.00
4.84 0.0526478
584.38 4.7900328
0
0
1019.19
9839.89

fraksi massa
0.42
0.00
0.00
0.57
0.00

Arus 16

kg/jam
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
4189.83

kmol/jam
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
232.77
4189.83

fraksi massa
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.00

NERACA MASSA TOTAL

Komponen
O2
N2
H2O
C7H6O
C7H6O2
Mq C7H6O2
C7H8
cobalt asetat
Total

arus 1,2
kg/jam

21.28

4234.08
2.31
4257.6635
4255.35

Input
arus 3
kg/jam
2185.15
7192.79

arus 15
kg/jam

arus 4
kg/jam
185.63
7192.79

4410.35

arus 7
kg/jam

arus 10
kg/jam

0.00
0.00
0.00

742.58
2.23
1.49

0.00
9377.9401837067 4410.3511 7378.4239
18045.95
23731.95

Output
arus 21
kg/jam

211.68

0.37
2.02
748.68902 211.67917
17381.09
5897.67

Output

17381.09

arus 19
kg/jam

arus 16
kg/jam

8.84

4189.83

arus 21
kg/jam

424.10
4410.35
4.33
4.84
4419.1894 4189.83351 433.27892

No

Arus
1

Komponen
O2

0.00

0.00

2185.15

185.63

N2

0.00

0.00

7192.79

7192.79

H2 O

21.28

0.00

0.00

0.00

C7 H 6 O

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

C7 H 6 O 2

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

C7 H 8

4234.08

0.00

0.00

0.00

C7H6O2 solid

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

8
9

Co(C2H3O2)2.4H2O

2.31
0.00
2.31

0.00

0.00

Udara panas
Total

0.00
0.00
4255.35

0.00
9377.94

0.00
7378.42

Satuan dalam kg/jam


10
11
12

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

796.95

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

651.26

194.48

0.00

0.00

4731.61

0.00

0.00

3964.56

3695.04

0.00

0.00

2.31
0.00
0.00
0.00
### 3889.52

13

14

15

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

742.58

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

4410.35

618.58

2.23

424.10

424.10

5.86

429.96

0.00

0.00

4414.69

1.49

4414.69

4414.69

580.05

584.38

0.00

0.00

0.00

3699.88

0.37

4.84

4.84

0.00

4.84

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

4410.35

0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
2.02
0.00
0.00
0.00 8735.17

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
746.67 4843.64 4843.64

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
585.91 5429.54 4410.35

16

17

18

19

20

21

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

4189.83

0.00

220.52

8.84

0.00

211.68

0.00

0.00

429.96

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

424.10

0.00

584.38

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

4.33

0.00

4.84

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

4.84

0.00

0.00

4410.35

4410.35

0.00

0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00 3912.00 3912.00
4189.83 1019.19 4630.87 4419.19 3912.00 4123.68

22

0.00
0.00
0.00
433.28

DATA BERAT MOLEKUL


KOMPONEN
C7H8
H2O
O2
N2
C7H6O
C7H6O2
COBALT ACETATE

BM (kJ/kmol)
92
18
32
28
106
122
246

DATA KAPASITAS PANAS CAIRAN (SUMBER: Yaws)


int Cp dT =(A*(T-Tref))+(B*(T^2-Tref^2)/2)+(C*(T^3-Tref^3)/3)+(D*(T^4-Tref^4)/4)
KOMPONEN
A
B
C7H8
83.703
5.1666E-01
H2O
92.053
-3.995E-02
C7H6O
72.865
7.0427E-01
C7H6O2
-158.917
2.3735E+00
COBALT ACETATE
50.6850
-1.06E-02
DATA KAPASITAS PANAS GAS (SUMBER: Yaws)
int Cp dT =(A*(T-Tref))+(B*(T^2-Tref^2)/2)+(C*(T^3-Tref^3)/3)+(D*(T^4-Tref^4)/4)+(E*(T^5-Tref^5)/5)
KOMPONEN
A
B
O2
2.9526E+01
-8.8999E-03
N2
2.9342E+01
-3.5395E-03
C7H8
-24.097
5.2187E-01
H2O
33.933
-8.4186E-03
C7H6O
-0.89
4.4758E-01
C7H6O2
16.158
2.8234E-01
COBALT ACETATE
20.23
1.09E-02
Hvap = A(1-T/Tc)^n; kJ/mol, T dlm K (sumber = Yaws)
KOMPONEN
C7H8
H2O
C7H6O
C7H6O2
COBALT ACETATE
Tref=
1 Arus Fresh Feed Cairan masuk Reaktor
T=
KOMPONEN
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H8
H2O
cobalt acetate
Total
2 Arus Fresh Feed Gas masuk Reaktor

A
50.139
52.053
55.18
79.554
471.837

Tc
591.79
647.13
695
751
7398.48
298.15 K

96.7624245705 C
Kg
194.48
0.00
7929.12
21.28
2.31

Kmol
1.83
0.00
80.44
1.03
0.01
83.32

T=
KOMPONEN
O2
N2
Total

259.54 C
Kg

Kmol
2185.15
7192.79

59.76
256.89
316.65

5 Panas Reaksi
Reaksi eksotermis di reaktor , dihasilkan panas
Panas Reaksi
Banyaknya C7H8 yang bereaksi
Panas Reaksi Total

H(T) =
=
=
Q=- H(T) =

6 Arus Gas Keluar Reaktor


T=
KOMPONEN
O2
N2
Total
7 Arus Cairan keluar Reaktor
T=
KOMPONEN
C7H8
H2O
C7H6O
C7H6O2
COBALT ACETATE
Total

160 C
Kg
185.63
7192.79

Arus bottom Dekanter


T=
KOMPONEN
C7H8
C7H6O
C7H6O2
Total

12 Arus top Dekanter


T=
KOMPONEN
C7H8
H2O
C7H6O

5.80
256.89
262.69

160 C
Kg

Kmol
3964.56
796.95
651.26
4731.61
2.31
10146.69

Qreaktan + Qrx - Qp = Qproduk


Qreaktan =
Qrx=
Qproduk=
Qpendingin=

11

Kmol

40.22
41.25
5.86
36.20
0.01
123.54

3167181.05
11685119.94
3719275.73
11133025.26

130 C
Kg

Kmol
3699.88
618.58
4414.69
8733.15

40.22
5.84
36.19
82.24

130 C
Kg

Kmol
0.37
742.58
2.23

0.00
41.25
0.02

C7H6O2
COBALT ACETATE
Total

1.49
2.02
748.69

0.01
0.01
41.30

13 Neraca Panas Total MD-01


KOMPONEN
C7H8
C7H6O
C7H6O2
Jumlah
Reboiler
Kondenser

Input
Umpan
1139418.38
181297.55
1449157.00
2769872.92
2772805.67
-

Total

5542678.59

Output
Distilat
896895.92
45334.26
0.00
942230.18
3584412.03
1958266.56
5542678.59

14 Neraca Panas Cryztalizer


KOMPONEN

Input
Umpan

C7H8
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H6O2 mq
Total
Q pengkristalan=
Qpendingin=

Output
Liquor

2043.58
169608.14
0.00
2209083.87
2380735.59

209.89
18231.66
26700.79
188000.58

142858.24
2335593.2502159

15 Neraca Panas Filter


KOMPONEN

Input
Umpan (50 C)
o

C7H8
C7H6O
C7H6O2
C7H6O2 mq
H2O

Umpan (30oC)

209.89
18231.66
142858.24
26700.79
92491.53

Total

280492.11

16 Neraca Panas Rotary Dryer


KOMPONEN
C7H6O2
H2O
Udara Panas
Jumlah
Qloss
Total

Output

Input
5689.44
921.83
1859727.66

1866338.93

885.88
1771590.29
1772476.17
88133.10
1866338.93

17 Neraca Panas MD-02


KOMPONEN
C7H8
C7H6O
C7H6O2

Input
Arus 17
1,658.03
139,353.83
212,322.89

Jumlah
Reboiler
Kondenser
Total

353,334.76
300,337.46
653,672.22

Output
Arus 22
1,383.41
115,651.80
1,322.11
118,357.32
391,292.97
262,379.25
653,672.22

*(T^3-Tref^3)/3)+(D*(T^4-Tref^4)/4)
C
-1.4910E-03
-2.110E-04
-1.7065E-03
-4.8280E-03
3.14E-06

ef^4)/4)+(E*(T^5-Tref^5)/5)
C
3.8083E-05
1.0076E-05
-2.9827E-04
2.9906E-05
-1.8566E-04
1.7811E-04
-5.92E-06

D
1.9725E-06
5.3169E-07
1.7622E-06
3.6876E-06
-2.0959E-10

D
-3.2629E-08
-4.3116E-09
6.1220E-08
-1.7825E-08
-3.6205E-08
-3.2176E-07
1.23E-09

E
8.8607E-12
2.5935E-13
1.2576E-12
3.6934E-12
3.1110E-11
1.0752E-10
-8.31E-14

n
0.383
0.321
0.257
0.38
0.38

369.9124245705 K =
Int. Cp
13161.96
16660.68
11743.65
5390.48
3408.71

Q
24147.95
0.00
944663.07
5576.29
27.67
974414.98

3167181.05

532.69 K
Int. Cp

Q
7119.88
6879.63

425489.17
1767276.90
2192766.07

-290.53 kJ/mol C7H8 =


40.22 kmol/jam
-11685119.94 kJ/j
11685119.94 kJ/j

-290528.96 kJ/kmol C7H8

433.15 K
Int. Cp

Q
4042.04
3941.63

23448.20
1012545.97
1035994.17

433.15 K
Int. Cp

Q
23045.43
10230.31
25473.99
32739.19
6376.27

3719275.73
926890.91
422047.66
149193.35
1185097.88
51.76
2683281.56

14852300.99
14852300.99

403.15 K
Int. Cp

Q
17547.90
19541.04
24973.06

705708.26
114034.92
903674.14
1723417.31
2050595.12

403.15 K
Int. Cp

Q
17547.90
7910.66
19541.04

70.82
326351.44
410.68

24973.06
4972.84

304.01
40.86
327177.81

Output
Bottom
2600.19
208868.16
2430713.50
2642181.85
3584412.03
1958266.56
5542678.59

Output
Kristal

142858.24
188000.58

2523593.83
2523593.83

Output
Filtrat

Kristal
90.36
7856.96
60772.14
11414.18
190340.55
209702.04
280492.11

Output
5692.67
36.99
5729.66
88133.10
1866338.93

10017.92
70790.07

Output
Arus 13
0.00
2,437.85
270,497.80
272,935.65
391,292.97
262,379.25
653,672.22

2050594.85

NERACA PANAS TOTAL


KOMPONEN
Arus 3
Arus 4
Arus 14
Arus 18
Arus 5
Arus 7
Arus 15
Arus 19
Arus 20
Arus 21
Panas Reaksi
Pendingin Reaktor
Pendingin Kristalizer
Q kristal
R-01
C-01
R-02
C-02
HE-05
HE-06
HE-07
HE-08
HE-09
HE-10
Total
Q loss

Q INPUT
kJ/jam
2192766.07
974414.98
92491.53
1859727.66

Q OUTPUT
kJ/jam

1035994.17
327177.81
190340.55
1772476.17
5729.66
118357.32
11685119.94
11133025.26
2335593.25
142858.24
2772805.67
1958266.56
300337.46
262379.25
754978.72
196051.97
107029.06
359515.63
632968.84
351034.97
21955556.04
-2349671.36

19605884.68