Anda di halaman 1dari 89

Direito Constitucional

em Mapas Mentais
(TURMA 2)

Reviso por Mapas Mentais


Otimizando o aprendizado e a memorizao,
com a reviso esquematizada da matria.
Edio revista e atualizada com as
Emendas Constitucionais nos 69 e 70
Por:
Roberto Troncoso
Marcelo Leite
Thiago Strauss

www.pontodosconcursos.com.br

SUMRIO
Viso Geral do Direito Constitucional ......................................................
1. Introduo ao Estudo da CF ...............................................................
2. Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais ....................................................
2.1
Principais Direitos Individuais e Coletivos ........................................
2.2
Remdios Constitucionais .............................................................
2.3
Direitos Sociais ...........................................................................
2.4
Nacionalidade .............................................................................
2.5
Direitos Polticos ..........................................................................
2.6
Partidos Polticos .........................................................................
3. Organizao do Estado ......................................................................
3.1
Viso Geral .................................................................................
3.2
Entes Federados ..........................................................................
3.3
Repartio de Competncias .........................................................
3.4
Interveno ................................................................................
4. Administrao Pblica .......................................................................
Servidores Pblicos ...............................................................................
5. Poder Legislativo ...............................................................................
5.1
Composio ................................................................................
5.2
Comisses Parlamentares .............................................................
5.3
Atribuies .................................................................................
5.4
Estatuto dos congressistas ............................................................
5.5
Tribunal de Contas da Unio .........................................................
5.6
Competncias constitucionais do TCU .............................................
6. Processo Legislativo ..........................................................................
6.1
Processo Legislativo Ordinrio .......................................................
6.2
Emenda Constitucional .................................................................
6.3
Medida Provisria ........................................................................
6.4
Lei Delegada ...............................................................................
6.5
Regime de Urgncia, Decretos Legislativos, Resolues, Tratados
Internacionais, Irrepetibilidade e Controle Judicial do Processo
Legislativo .................................................................................
7. Poder Executivo .................................................................................
8. Poder Judicirio .................................................................................
9. Ministrio Pblico ..............................................................................
10. Controle de Constitucionalidade ........................................................
10.1 Controle Difuso ...........................................................................
10.2 Ao Direta de Inconstitucionalidade ..............................................
10.3 Ao Declaratria de Constitucionalidade ........................................
10.4 Ao Direta de Inconstitucionalidade por Omisso ............................
10.5 Arguio de Descumprimento de Preceito Fundamental ....................
11. Sistema Tributrio Nacional ...............................................................
Limitaes ao Poder de Tributar .............................................................
12. Finanas Pblicas (Oramento) .........................................................
13. Ordem Econmica e Financeira ..........................................................
14. Ordem Social ......................................................................................
14.1 Da Seguridade Social ...................................................................
14.2 Da Educao e Da Cultura ............................................................
14.3 Da Cincia e Tecnologia e Da Comunicao Social ............................
14.4 Do Desporto e Do Meio Ambiente ..................................................
14.5 Da Proteo Famlia, Criana, ao Adolescente, ao Jovem e Idoso e
Dos ndios ..................................................................................
www.pontodosconcursos.com.br

3
4
7
8
12
19
21
23
25
26
26
27
28
29
30
31
34
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
42
47
50
53

55
57
61
63
65
67
69
73
74
75
76
78
80
82
83
83
86
87
88
89

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

',5(,72&2167,78&,21$/9,62*(5$/

(VWUXWXUD
)XQo}HVWtSLFDVHDWtSLFDV
*DUDQWLDV
9HGDo}HV
&RQVHOKR1DFLRQDOGH-XVWLoD

&RQFHLWR

 3RGHU
-XGLFLiULR

&ODVVLILFDo}HV
(ILFiFLD

67)

3RGHU&RQVWLWXLQWH

,QWURGXomR DR
(VWXGRGD&)

67-

(QWUDGDHPYLJRU
GHXPDQRYD&)

&RQFHLWR

3ULQFtSLRVGH,QWHUSUHWDomR

3ULQFtSLRV

(OHPHQWRV

&RPSRVLomRHFKHILDV
,QLFLDWLYDGH/HL
GHRUJDQL]DomR
*DUDQWLDV

3ULQFLSDLV'LUHLWRV
,QGLYLGXDLVH&ROHWLYRV

0LQLVWpULR
3~EOLFR

5HPpGLRVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLV

9HGDo}HV

'LUHLWRV6RFLDLV

'LUHLWRVH
*DUDQWLDV
)XQGDPHQWDLV

)XQo}HV
&RQVHOKR1DFLRQDO
GR0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR

1DFLRQDOLGDGH
'LUHLWRV3ROtWLFRV
3DUWLGRV3ROtWLFRV

2EVHUYDo}HV*HUDLV

9LVmR*HUDO

&RQWUROH'LIXVR

(QWHV)HGHUDGRV

$',Q
$'&
$'3)

 2UJDQL]DomR
GR(VWDGR

&RQWUROHGH
&RQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH

&RQWUROH
$EVWUDWR

,QWHUYHQomR

$',QSRU
2PLVVmR

',5(,72
&2167,78&,21$/

&RQFHLWRVUHOHYDQWHV
7ULEXWR

&RQWULEXLo}HV6RFLDLV

&RPSRVLomR

6LVWHPD
7ULEXWiULR
1DFLRQDO

3RGHU
/HJLVODWLYR

/HL2UGLQiULD
/HL&RPSOHPHQWDU
(PHQGD&RQVWLWXFLRQDO

33$

/HL'HOHJDGD

/'2

)LQDQoDV
3~EOLFDV 
2UoDPHQWRV

3URFHVVR
/HJLVODWLYR

$WXDomRGR(VWDGRQR
'RPtQLR(FRQ{PLFR

'HFUHWR/HJLVODWLYR
5HVROXomR
0HGLGD3URYLVyULD

9HGDo}HV
)XQGDPHQWRVH3ULQFtSLRV

(VWDWXWRGRV&RQJUHVVLVWDV

3URFHGLPHQWRRUGLQiULR

/LPLWDo}HVDR
SRGHUGHWULEXWDU

3ODQRV H
3URJUDPDV1DFLRQDLV

&RPLVV}HV3DUODPHQWDUHV
7&8

7ULEXWRV$Q{PDORV

/2$

6HUYLGRUHV3~EOLFRV

$WULEXLo}HV

7D[D
(PSUpVWLPR&RPSXOVyULR

9LVmRJHUDO

$GPLQLVWUDomR
3~EOLFD

,PSRVWR
&RQWULEXLo}HVGH0HOKRULD

5HSDUWLomRGH
FRPSHWrQFLDV

7UDWDGRV,QWHUQDFLRQDLV
,UUHSHWLELOLGDGH
&RQWUROH-XGLFLDO

2UGHP
(FRQ{PLFDH
)LQDQFHLUD

)XQo}HV
3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD

6HJXULGDGH6RFLDO

,PSHGLPHQWRVHYDFkQFLD

(GXFDomRFXOWXUDH'HVSRUWR

3RGHU
([HFXWLYR

&LrQFLDHWHFQRORJLD
&RPXQLFDomRVRFLDO
0HLRDPELHQWH
3URWHomRjIDPtOLDjFULDQoD
DRVDGROHVFHQWHVMRYHQVH
LGRVRV

'D2UGHP
6RFLDO

9LFH3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
0LQLVWURVGH(VWDGR
3RGHU5HJXODPHQWDU
5HVSRQVDELOL]DomRGR
3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD

QGLRV

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 1 - Introduo ao Estudo da CF

,1752'8d2$2(678'2'$&),
5

L2UJDQL]DomRGR(VWDGR

1~FOHR0DWpULDV
HVVHQFLDLVGD&)

LL$TXLVLomRH[HUFtFLRHWUDQVPLVVmRGRSRGHU
LLL/LPLWDo}HVDRSRGHUGR(VWDGR 'LUHLWRVH*DUDQWLDV)XQGDPHQWDLV

D 0DWHULDO

3UHYDOrQFLDGDIRUPDVREUHRFRQWH~GR
E )RUPDO

6HPSUHWH[WRHVFULWR

1RUPDVPDWHULDOPHQWHFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVHQRUPDVIRUPDOPHQWH
FRQVWLWXFLRQDLVWRGDVFRP,*8$/KLHUDUTXLD
$GRWDGRSHOR%UDVLO
)HUGLQDQG/DVVDOH

&RQFHLWR

&)HVFULWDDSHQDVIRUPDOL]DD&)UHDOHVHUiPHUDIROKDGH
SDSHOVHQmRUHSURGX]LUDVRPDGRVIDWRUHVUHDLVGHSRGHU

F 6RFLROyJLFR

&)pIDWRVRFLDOHQmRQRUPD
+DQV.HOVHQ
&)QmRGHSHQGHGHVXDDFHLWDomRYDORUHVRXQRUPDV

(VWULWDPHQWHIRUPDO
G -XUtGLFR

$GRWDGRSHOR%UDVLO
3RVLWLYLVWD
&DUO6FKPLWW

H 3ROtWLFR

&)pXPDGHFLVmRSROtWLFDIXQGDPHQWDO
&RQVWLWXLomR PDWHULDO YV/HLV&RQVWLWXFLRQDLV DSHQDVIRUPDOPHQWHFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
L0DWHULDO

D &RQWH~GR

$GRWDGRSHOR%UDVLO

LL)RUPDO

1mRSRGHVHUPRGLILFDGD
L,PXWiYHO

,QWURGXomR
DR(VWXGR
GD&)

)DGDGDDRIUDFDVVRSRLVQmRDFRPSDQKD
RGHVHQYROYLPHQWRGDVRFLHGDGH
3URFHGLPHQWRGHPRGLILFDomRGD&)
PDLVUtJLGRTXHDPRGLILFDomRGDVOHLV

E $OWHUDELOLGDGH

LL5tJLGD

$GRWDGRSHOR%UDVLO

LLL)OH[tYHO

3URFHGLPHQWRGHPRGLILFDomRGD
&)LJXDOjPRGLILFDomRGDVOHLV

LY6HPLUUtJLGDRX6HPLIOH[tYHO

3DUWHGD&)pUtJLGDHSDUWHpIOH[tYHO

)RUPDOL]DGDHPXP~QLFRGRFXPHQWRIRUPDO
L(VFULWD

$GRWDGRSHOR%UDVLO

F )RUPD

1mRIRUPDOL]DGDHP
XP~QLFRGRFXPHQWR
LL1mR(VFULWD

&ODVVLILFDo}HV

(VFULWDHPYiULRVWH[WRVHVSDUVRV
1mRHVFULWDHPOXJDUQHQKXP

7UDWDDSHQDVGRVWHPDVHVVHQFLDLV
L6LQWpWLFD&RQFLVD

7DPDQKRSHTXHQR

7UDWDGHWHPDVHVVHQFLDLVHRXWURV
DSHQDVIRUPDOPHQWHFRQVWLWXFLRQDLV

G ([WHQVmR

7DPDQKRJUDQGH

LL$QDOtWLFD 
3UROL[D

$GRWDGRSHOR%UDVLO
5HIOHWHRVDQVHLRVGDVRFLHGDGH
HPXPGDGRPRPHQWRQRWHPSR

H 0RGRGH
HODERUDomR

L'RJPiWLFD

LL+LVWyULFD

1HFHVVDULDPHQWHHVFULWDV
$GRWDGRSHOR%UDVLO
)HLWDDSDUWLUGRORQJRSURFHVVR
GHGHVHQYROYLPHQWRGDVRFLHGDGH
&)IHLWDFRPDSDUWLFLSDomRGRSRYR

L3URPXOJDGD3RSXODU
I 2ULJHP

LL2XWRUJDGD

$GRWDGRSHOR%UDVLO

&)LPSRVWDHIHLWDVHPDSDUWLFLSDomRGRSRYR
0HLRWHUPRHQWUHDSURPXOJDGDHDRXWRUJDGD

LLL&HVDULVWD

,QLFLDOPHQWHRXWRUJDGDHSRVWHULRUPHQWH
pUHIHUHQGDGDSHODSRSXODomR
4

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 1 - Introduo ao Estudo da CF

,1752'8d2$2(678'2'$&),,
3RVVXLWRGRVRVHIHLWRVQRPRPHQWRGDSURPXOJDomRGD&)
D 3OHQD

1mRSUHFLVDGHOHLSRVWHULRUTXHDFRPSOHWH

E &RQWLGD

(ILFiFLD
GDV QRUPDV
FRQVWLWXFLRQDLV

3RVVXLWRGRVRVHIHLWRVQRPRPHQWRGDSURPXOJDomR
GD&)PDVOHLSRVWHULRUSRGHUHVWULQJLURVHIHLWRV
1mRSRVVXLHIHLWRVFRPSOHWRVDWpTXHQRUPDLQIUDFRQVWLWXFLRQDODUHJXODPHQWH

F /LPLWDGD

7UD]HPHVTXHPDVJHUDLVGH
HVWUXWXUDomRGHLQVWLWXLo}HVHyUJmRV

L3ULQFtSLRV,QVWLWXWLYRV2UJkQLFRV

(VWDEHOHFHPSULQFtSLRVHSURJUDPDVD
VHUHPLPSOHPHQWDGRVSHOR(VWDGR

LL&RQWH~GR3URJUDPiWLFR

1mRSRVVXLHILFiFLDMXUtGLFD6RPHQWHSROtWLFD
3UHkPEXOR

2EV

1mRpQRUPDGHUHSURGXomRREULJDWyULD
3RVVXLHILFiFLDMXUtGLFDHYDOHFRPRTXDOTXHURXWURDUWLJRGD&)

$'&7

0RGLILFiYHOSRU(PHQGD&RQVWLWXFLRQDO
2TXHFULDD&)SHODSULPHLUDYH] &)GH

L+LVWyULFR

7RGRVRVGHPDLV &)VGH
H

LL5HYROXFLRQiULR

,,QLFLDO
D 2ULJLQiULR
FRQVWLWXLQWH
GHJUDX
RXSULPiULR

eDEDVHGRRUGHQDPHQWRMXUtGLFR

,,$XW{QRPR
,,,,OLPLWDGR

1mRVHVXEPHWHDQHQKXPRXWURSRGHU
1mRVRIUHQHQKXPDOLPLWDomRLPSRVWD
SRUQRUPDGHGLUHLWRSRVLWLYRDQWHULRU

&DUDFWHUtVWLFDV
,9,QFRQGLFLRQDGR

,QWURGXomR
DR(VWXGR
GD&)

3RGHU
&RQVWLWXLQWH

93HUPDQHQWH

,QH[LVWHTXDOTXHUSURFHGLPHQWR
IRUPDOSUpHVWDEHOHFLGRSDUD
TXHHOHVHPDQLIHVWH

1mRVHHVJRWDQRPRPHQWR
GHVHXH[HUFtFLR

0RGLILFDD&)SHOD(PHQGD&RQVWLWXFLRQDO
L5HIRUPDGRU

7XUQRVHGRVYRWRV

&)DUW

0RGLILFDD&)SRUPHLRGD5HYLVmR&RQVWLWXFLRQDO
8PD1,&$YH]DSyVDQRVGDSURPXOJDomRGD&)
E 'HULYDGR
FRQVWLWXtGR
GHJUDX
VHFXQGiULR
RXLQVWLWXtGR

0DLRULDDEVROXWD

LL5HYLVRU

6HVVmRXQLFDPHUDO

&)DUWGR$'&7

3RGHUGRV(VWDGRV0HPEURVGHHODERUDUHP
DVVXDVUHVSHFWLYDVFRQVWLWXLo}HVHVWDGXDLV
2')QmRWHPFRQVWLWXLomRHVWDGXDO FRPHVVHQRPH
LLL'HFRUUHQWH

3RVVXL/HL2UJkQLFDFRPVWDWXV
GHFRQVWLWXLomRHVWDGXDO
2V081,&3,26QmRSRVVXHPR 3RGHU
&RQVWLWXLQWH'HULYDGR'HFRUUHQWH

D &RQWUROHGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
E &RQWUROHGHOHJDOLGDGH
F -Xt]RGH
UHFHSomR

(QWUDGD
HPYLJRUGH
XPDQRYD&)

1RUPDLQIUDFRQVWLWXFLRQDOYV&)YLJHQWHjpSRFDGHVXDHODERUDomR

1RUPDLQIUDOHJDOYV/HL

&RPSDWLELOLGDGHPDWHULDOFRPDQRYD&) QRUPDHODERUDGDVRED&)DQWLJDYVQRYD&)
1RMXt]RGHUHFHSomRQmRLQWHUHVVDRDVSHFWRIRUPDO6yRPDWHULDO

G  1RUPD LQIUDFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
YV&RQVWLWXLomR$78$/

H 1RUPD LQIUDFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
YV&RQVWLWXLomR3267(5,25

&DVRGHLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH

L5HYRJDomR

LL5HFHSomR
Prof. Roberto Troncoso
Prof. Marcelo Leite
Prof. Thiago Strauss

$VQRUPDVLQIUDFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVDQWHULRUHVjQRYD
&)TXHIRUHPPDWHULDOPHQWHLQFRPSDWtYHLVFRP
DQRYD&)VmRUHYRJDGDV
$VQRUPDVLQIUDFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVDQWHULRUHVj
QRYD&)TXHIRUHPPDWHULDOPHQWHFRPSDWtYHLV
FRPDQRYD&)VmRUHFHSFLRQDGDV

(PIDFHGHXPDQRYD&RQVWLWXLomRD&RQVWLWXLomRDQWHULRUpWRWDOPHQWHUHYRJDGD
5

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 1 - Introduo ao Estudo da CF

,1752'8d2$2(678'2'$&),,,
$&)p81$HQmRSRGHKDYHUFRQIOLWRVMXUtGLFRVHPVHXWH[WR

D 8QLGDGHGD
&RQVWLWXLomR

+DYHQGRFRQIURQWRHQWUHQRUPDVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVGHYHVH
SUHVWLJLDUDVLQWHUSUHWDo}HVTXHIDYRUHoDPDLQWHJUDomR
SROtWLFDHVRFLDOHUHIRUFHDXQLGDGHSROtWLFD

E (IHLWR
LQWHJUDGRU

1RFRQIURQWRGHGXDVQRUPDVRXGLUHLWRVGHYHVH
EXVFDUDKDUPRQLDHQWUHHOHVHYLWDQGRVHRVDFULItFLR
WRWDOGHXPSULQFtSLRHPUHODomRDRRXWUR

F &RQFRUGkQFLD SUiWLFD
RXKDUPRQL]DomR

([3RQGHUDomRHQWUHGLUHLWRVIXQGDPHQWDLV
9LVDLPSHGLUDDOWHUDomRGDUHSDUWLomR
GHIXQo}HVHVWDEHOHFLGDVQD&)

G -XVWH]DRX
FRQIRUPLGDGHIXQFLRQDO

3UHVWLJLDVHDLQWHUSUHWDomRTXHJDUDQWDD
HILFiFLDHDSHUPDQrQFLDGD&RQVWLWXLomR

H )RUoD QRUPDWLYD
GDFRQVWLWXLomR

3ULQFtSLRVGH
,QWHUSUHWDomR

I (ILFLrQFLDRX
Pi[LPDHIHWLYLGDGH

3UHVWLJLDVHDLQWHUSUHWDomRGHPDLRUHIHWLYLGDGH

7RGDVDVOHLVVmRYiOLGDVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLV
DWpTXHVHSURYHRFRQWUiULR
J 3UHVXQomRGH
FRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGDVOHLV

K 6XSUHPDFLD GD
&RQVWLWXLomR

,QWURGXomR
DR(VWXGR
GD&)

L 3URSRUFLRQDOLGDGH
RXUD]RDELOLGDGH

6yR3RGHU-XGLFLiULRSRGHGHFODUDU
DLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGHXPDOHL

$FRQVWLWXLomRHVWiQRWRSRGRRUGHQDPHQWR
MXUtGLFRHQHQKXPDRXWUDQRUPDSRGHLUFRQWUDHOD

4XDQGRGDLQWHUSUHWDomRGD&)GHYHKDYHUDGHTXDomR
QHFHVVLGDGHHSURSRUFLRQDOLGDGHHPVHQWLGRHVWULWR

4XDQGRXPDQRUPDSRVVXLGRLVRXPDLVVLJQLILFDGRV
EXVFDVHDLQWHUSUHWDomRFRQIRUPHD&RQVWLWXLomR
RXVHMDGHYHVHEXVFDUDOJXPDLQWHUSUHWDomRTXH
WRUQHDOHLFRPSDWtYHOFRPD&)

M ,QWHUSUHWDomR
FRQIRUPH D
&RQVWLWXLomR

6mRDVQRUPDVTXHUHJXODPDHVWUXWXUDGR(VWDGRHGR3RGHU
D 2UJkQLFRV

([ 7tWXOR,,, 'D2UJDQL]DomRGR(VWDGR H


7tWXOR,9 'D2UJDQL]DomRGRV3RGHUHVHGR6LVWHPDGH*RYHUQR
6mRDVQRUPDVTXHOLPLWDPDDWXDomRGRVSRGHUHVHVWDWDLV

E /LPLWDWLYRV

([ 7tWXOR,, 'RV'LUHLWRVH*DUDQWLDV)XQGDPHQWDLV


FRPH[FHomRGR&DStWXOR,,'RV'LUHLWRV6RFLDLV
6mRDVQRUPDVTXHUHYHODPRFRPSURPLVVRGD&)HQWUH
(VWDGRLQGLYLGXDOLVWDHR(VWDGRVRFLDOLQWHUYHQFLRQLVWD

(OHPHQWRVGD
&RQVWLWXLomR

F 6RFLRLGHROyJLFRV

([ &DStWXOR,,GR7tWXOR,, 'RV'LUHLWRV6RFLDLV 


H7tWXOR,9 'D2UGHP(FRQ{PLFD
6mRDVQRUPDVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVGHVWLQDGDVDDVVHJXUDU
DVROXomRGHFRQIOLWRVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVDGHIHVDGD
&RQVWLWXLomRGR(VWDGRHGDVLQVWLWXLo}HVGHPRFUiWLFDV

G 'HHVWDELOL]DomR
FRQVWLWXFLRQDO

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

H )RUPDLVGH
DSOLFDELOLGDGH

%XVFDPJDUDQWLUDSD]VRFLDO
([DUW,D $omR'LUHWDGH,QFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH 
DUWVD 'D,QWHUYHQomRQRV(VWDGRVH0XQLFtSLRV
6mRDVQRUPDVTXHHVWDEHOHFHP
UHJUDVGHDSOLFDomRGDVFRQVWLWXLo}HV
([3UHkPEXORH$'&7
6

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

',5(,726(*$5$17,$6)81'$0(17$,6
(OHVHVWmRQRDUWHDRORQJRGD&) QmRVHUHVXPHPDRDUW
L,QGLYLGXDLVHFROHWLYRV
LL6RFLDLV

,QWURGXomR

'LYLGLGRVHP

LLL3ROtWLFRV
LY1DFLRQDOLGDGH
Y3DUWLGRV3ROtWLFRV
YL5HPpGLRV&RQVWLWXFLRQDLV
/LEHUGDGH
3UHVVXS}HPXPDQmRDomRGR(VWDGR

6mROLEHUGDGHVQHJDWLYDV
D *HUDomR

'LUHLWRVLQGLYLGXDLVOLEHUGDGHVS~EOLFDVHGLUHLWRVSROtWLFRV
/LEHUDOLVPRHFRQ{PLFR

0DUFRKLVWyULFR

*HUDo}HV
GRV'LUHLWRV
)XQGDPHQWDLV

,JXDOGDGH
'LUHLWRVVRFLDLV WUDEDOKDGRUHVHGXFDomRVD~GHPRUDGLD
E *HUDomR

'LUHLWRVFXOWXUDLVHHFRQ{PLFRV
5HYROXomR,QGXVWULDO

0DUFRKLVWyULFR

)UDWHUQLGDGH6ROLGDULHGDGH
F *HUDomR
G *HUDomR

D +LVWRULFLGDGH

'LUHLWRV'LIXVRV

0HLRDPELHQWHFRQVXPLGRUHV

(QJHQKDULDJHQpWLFDVRIWZDUHVWUDQVJrQLFRV
3RVVXHPFDUiWHUKLVWyULFRSDVVDQGRSHODV
GLYHUVDVUHYROXo}HVHFKHJDQGRDRVGLDVGHKRMH
'HVWLQDPVHDWRGRVRVVHUHVKXPDQRVVHP
TXDOTXHUIRUPDGHGLVWLQomRRXGLVFULPLQDomR
L)tVLFDV
$WLQJH
SHVVRDV

'LUHLWRVH
*DUDQWLDV
)XQGDPHQWDLV

E 8QLYHUVDOLGDGH

LL-XUtGLFDV
LLL(VWDGR

([5HTXLVLomRDGPLQLVWUDWLYD

$SOLFDPVHWDPEpPQDV
UHODo}HVHQWUHSDUWLFXODUHV
0DLRULDGRV
DXWRUHV

&DUDFWHUtVWLFDV

([LVWHPGLUHLWRVIXQGDPHQWDLV
GLUHFLRQDGRVVRPHQWHDR(VWDGR

F /LPLWDELOLGDGH

([7UDEDOKDGRUGDQRVPRUDLV

1HQKXPGLUHLWRIXQGDPHQWDOpDEVROXWR
3RGHPVHUOLPLWDGRVFDVR
KDMDFRQIOLWRHQWUHHOHV

*LOPDU0HQGHVH
,QJR:ROIJDQJ
6DUOHW

3ULQFtSLRGDKDUPRQL]DomR

$',*1,'$'('$3(662$+80$1$DSUHVHQWDVHDOKHLD
DTXDOTXHURXWURFRQIURQWRFRPRXWURSULQFtSLRRXUHJUD
1HVVDPHGLGDWHPVHDGLJQLGDGHGDSHVVRDKXPDQD
FRPRSULQFtSLRGHKLHUDUTXLDVXSUDFRQVWLWXFLRQDO

(OHVSRGHPVHUQmRH[HUFLGRVPDVQXQFDSRGHUmRVHUUHQXQFLDGRV
G ,UUHQXQFLDELOLGDGH

H ,QDOLHQDELOLGDGH
I ,PSUHVFULWLELOLGDGH
J &RQFRUUrQFLD

&DEHUHQ~QFLD
WHPSRUiULD

3RGHUHQXQFLDUGLUHLWRjLQWLPLGDGHHYLGDSULYDGDGHVGH
TXHQmRRIHQGDjGLJQLGDGHGDSHVVRDKXPDQD
([5HDOLW\VKRZV

1mRSRGHPVHUYHQGLGRVVmRLQGLVSRQtYHLVH
QmRSRVVXHPFRQWH~GRHFRQ{PLFRSDWULPRQLDO
1mRVmRSHUGLGRVVHQmRIRUHPXVDGRV
3RGHPVHUH[HUFLGRVFXPXODWLYDPHQWHXQVFRPRVRXWURV
1HPWRGRVVmRQRUPDVGHHILFiFLD3/(1$

K $SOLFDELOLGDGH
LPHGLDWD

2EV ([LVWHPGLUHLWRVHJDUDQWLDVQRVWLSRV
GHQRUPDV SOHQDFRQWLGDHOLPLWDGD

'HYHPYHUVDUVREUH',5(,726+80$126
$SURYDGRVSRU7XUQRVHGRVYRWRVGRV
PHPEURVGDVGXDV&DVDVGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO

7UDWDGRVLQWHUQDFLRQDLV
FRPIRUoDGH(PHQGD
&RQVWLWXFLRQDO (&

(OHVQmRLQWHJUDPRX
PRGLILFDPRWH[WRGD&)
&RQYHQomRVREUHRV'LUHLWRV
GDSHVVRDFRPGHILFLrQFLD

$SHQDVSRVVXHPIRUoDGH(PHQGD&RQVWLWXFLRQDO
&)DUW
7UDWDGR,QWHUQDFLRQDOVREUH'LUHLWRV
+XPDQRVDSURYDGRFRPIRUoDGH(&

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


7

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

35,1&,3$,6',5(,726,1',9,'8$,6(&2/(7,926,
'LUHLWRGHQmRVHUPRUWRHGHWHUXPDYLGDGLJQD

'LUHLWR
jYLGD

1mRSRGHWHUSHQDGHPRUWHVDOYRHPFDVRGHJXHUUDGHFODUDGD
1mRIHUHR
GLUHLWRjYLGD

3HVTXLVDVFRPFpOXODVWURQFR
$ERUWRGHIHWRVDQHQFpIDORV

&)DUW,
,JXDOGDGHPDWHULDO GHIDWR HQmRVRPHQWHDLJXDOGDGHIRUPDO SHUDQWHDOHL

3ULQFtSLR GD
LJXDOGDGH 
LVRQRPLD

e SRVVtYHO
GLVFULPLQDo}HVSRVLWLYDV

'HVGHTXHUD]RiYHLV
([9DJDVSDUD31(VHPFRQFXUVRVS~EOLFRV

,JXDOGDGHSDUDRVLJXDLVHGHVLJXDOGDGHSDUD
RVGHVLJXDLVQDPHGLGDGHVXDGHVLJXDOGDGH
&)DUW,,
3DUDRSDUWLFXODU

$XWRQRPLDGDYRQWDGH

2SDUWLFXODUSRGHID]HUWXGRRTXHDOHLQmRSURLELU
2DJHQWHS~EOLFRVyID]RTXHDOHLSHUPLWLU
3DUDD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD
$FULDomRRXPRGLILFDomRGHGLUHLWRVRXREULJDo}HVGHSHQGHGHOHL
D 3ULQFtSLRGD
OHJDOLGDGHHVWULWD

3ULQFtSLR GD
OHJDOLGDGH

/HL

1RUPDMXUtGLFDUHJXODUPHQWHSURGX]LGD
SHORSURFHVVROHJLVODWLYRSUHYLVWRQD&)

4XDQGRD&)GHL[DDUHJXODPHQWDomRGH
DOJXPWHPDSDUDDOHL HPVHQWLGRDPSOR
4XDQGRDGLVFLSOLQDGHGHWHUPLQDGD
PDWpULDpUHVHUYDGDSHOD&)jOHL
E 3ULQFtSLRGD
UHVHUYDOHJDO

3ULQFLSDLV
'LUHLWRV
,QGLYLGXDLV
H&ROHWLYRV

/LEHUGDGHGH
FRQVFLrQFLD
FUHQoDHFXOWR

L$EVROXWD

([FOXLVHTXDOTXHURXWUDIRQWHLQIUDOHJDO
4XDQGRDGLVFLSOLQDGHGHWHUPLQDGDPDWpULDp
HPSDUWHDGPLVVtYHODRXWUDIRQWHGLYHUVDGDOHL

LL5HODWLYD

(['HFUHWRUHJXODPHQWDU

1LQJXpPVHUiSULYDGRGHGLUHLWRSRUPRWLYR
GHFUHQoDUHOLJLRVDILORVyILFDRXSROtWLFD
/LEHUGDGHGHFXOWR

6DOYRVHDVLQYRFDUSDUDH[LPLUVHGH
REULJDomRDWRGRVLPSRVWDHUHFXVDUVH
DFXPSULUSUHVWDomRDOWHUQDWLYD

1RUPDGHHILFiFLDSOHQD
1RUPDGHHILFiFLDOLPLWDGD

$OHLGHYHSURWHJHURVORFDLVGHFXOWROLWXUJLDVHFHULP{QLDV
$VVHJXUDGDSUHVWDomRGHDVVLVWrQFLDUHOLJLRVDQDV
HQWLGDGHVFLYLVHPLOLWDUHVGHLQWHUQDomRFROHWLYD
&)DUW,9

/LEHUGDGHGH
PDQLIHVWDomR
GRSHQVDPHQWR

9HGDGRRDQRQLPDWR
$VVHJXUDRGLUHLWRGHUHVSRVWDSURSRUFLRQDODRDJUDYRHLQGHQL]DomRHPFDVRGHGDQR
9HGDGRLQVWDXUDomRGHLQTXpULWRSROLFLDOH[FOXVLYDPHQWHFRPEDVHHPGHQ~QFLDDQ{QLPD
L&RQVHQWLPHQWR
6DOYR
SRU

LL'HWHUPLQDomR
-XGLFLDO

5HJUD

([FHomR

 ,QYLRODELOLGDGH
GRPLFLOLDU

3DUDLQVWDODUHVFXWDSROLFLDOSRGH
j12,7( FRPDXWRUL]DomRMXGLFLDO

LLL)ODJUDQWHGHOLWRGHVDVWUHRXSUHVWDUVRFRUUR
&DVD

/LEHUGDGH GH
ORFRPRomR

6RPHQWHGXUDQWHR',$

',$H12,7(

'RPLFtOLRHVFULWyULRJDUDJHQVFRQVXOWyULRPpGLFRTXDUWRGHKRWHO
4XDOTXHUOXJDUUHVWULWRDRS~EOLFR

3RGHHQWUDUSHUPDQHFHUHVDLUGRSDtVFRPVHXVEHQV

1RVWHUPRVGDOHL
HHPWHPSRVGHSD]

5HVWULo}HVQR(VWDGRGH'HIHVDHGH6tWLR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

35,1&,3$,6',5(,726,1',9,'8$,6(&2/(7,926,,
,PLQHQWHSHULJRS~EOLFR
$XWRULGDGHFRPSHWHQWHSRGHXVDUGDSURSULHGDGHSDUWLFXODU

5HTXLVLomR

3RVWHULRU

$VVHJXUDGDLQGHQL]DomR

6HKRXYHUGDQR

$SOLFDDOHLPDLVIDYRUiYHO

'LUHLWRGHKHUDQoDH
HVWDWXWRVXFHVVyULR

'RGHFXMXV GRPRUWR
,PSRVWRGHFRPSHWrQFLDHVWDGXDO

3RGHKDYHULPSRVWRGHKHUDQoD

3RGHVHUHXQLUHPORFDLV
DEHUWRVDRS~EOLFRGHVGHTXH

1mRSUHFLVDGHDXWRUL]DomR

'LUHLWR GH
UHXQLmR

'R%UDVLO

3RGHVHU

L3DFtILFD
*UHYHGHSROLFLDLVQmRSRGHLUDUPDGR

LL6HPDUPDV

0DVSUHFLVDDYLVDUDXWRULGDGHV
'HVGHTXHQmRIUXVWUHRXWUDMiPDUFDGD

L6XVSHQVRQR(VWDGRGH6tWLR
LL5HVWULQJLGRQR(VWDGRGH'HIHVD

&DVRVHMDYLRODGRRUHPpGLRXVDGRGHYHUVHUR0DQGDGRGH6HJXUDQoDHQmRR+DEHDV&RUSXV
3RGHUHODWLYL]DU72'$6HQmRVRPHQWHDFRPXQLFDomRWHOHI{QLFD

$SDUHQWHUHVWULomRQRDUW;,,

3RGHPVHUUHVWULQJLGRVQRV(VWDGRVGH6tWLRH'HIHVD

6LJLORGH
FRUUHVSRQGrQFLD
FRPXQLFDo}HV
WHOHJUiILFDVGH
GDGRVHWHOHI{QLFDV

3RGHKDYHUTXHEUDSDUDLQYHVWLJDomR&5,0,1$/

D 6LJLORGDV
FRPXQLFDo}HV
WHOHI{QLFDV

3RGHVHXVDUXPDSURYDOHJDOPHQWHFRQVWLWXtGDHPSURFHVVR
FULPLQDOSDUDLQVWUXLUSURFHVVRDGPLQLVWUDWLYRHFLYLO

3RGHVHU
TXHEUDGRSRU
E 6LJLOR
EDQFiULR

L-XL]
LL&RPLVVmR3DUODPHQWDUGH,QTXpULWR &3,
L0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR

1mRSRGHTXHEUDU
VLJLOREDQFiULR

7HPTXHSHGLUDR-XL]

LL$XWRULGDGHV7ULEXWiULDV

3ULQFLSDLV
'LUHLWRV
,QGLYLGXDLV
H&ROHWLYRV

6RPHQWHFRPRUGHPMXGLFLDO

5(

9HGDGRGHFDUiWHUSDUDPLOLWDU

/LEHUGDGHQmRpSOHQD

1mRSUHFLVDGHDXWRUL]DomR
D &RRSHUDWLYDV

0DVWHPTXHVHUQDIRUPDGDOHL
1mRSUHFLVDPGHDXWRUL]DomRHQHPGHVHUQDIRUPDGDOHL

'LUHLWRGH
DVVRFLDomR
E $VVRFLDo}HV

QLFDIRUPDGHGLVVROYHU
FRPSXOVRULDPHQWHXPDDVVRFLDomR
3RGHVXVSHQGHUDVDWLYLGDGHV

6HQWHQoDMXGLFLDO
WUDQVLWDGDHPMXOJDGR
3RURUGHPMXGLFLDO
1mRSUHFLVDWUkQVLWRHPMXOJDGR

'HIHVDGHGLUHLWRDOKHLRHPQRPHDOKHLR

2EV

$VVRFLDomR
UHSUHVHQWD
RDVVRFLDGR

L5HSUHVHQWDomR
SURFHVVXDO

3UHFLVDGHDXWRUL]DomR
H[SUHVVDHHVSHFtILFD

1mRSUHFLVDGHDXWRUL]DomRH[SUHVVD
GHFDGDDVVRFLDGRLQGLYLGXDOPHQWH
3RGHVHUIHLWDHPDVVHPEOHLD

3RGHPUHSUHVHQWDURDVVRFLDGRQDVHVIHUDV
FLYLOHDGPLQLVWUDWLYDMXGLFLDOHH[WUDMXGLFLDO
3DUD0DQGDGRGH6HJXUDQoDFROHWLYRQmRSUHFLVDGH
DXWRUL]DomRH[SUHVVD pFDVRGHVXEVWLWXLomRSURFHVVXDO

'HIHVDGHGLUHLWRDOKHLRHPQRPHSUySULR
LL6XEVWLWXLomRSURFHVVXDO

1mRSUHFLVDGHDXWRUL]DomRH[SUHVVD

'LUHLWRGHTXDOTXHUSHVVRDItVLFDRXMXUtGLFDQDFLRQDORXHVWUDQJHLUDLQGHSHQGHQWHPHQWHGHWD[DV
$RSRGHUS~EOLFRHPGHIHVDGHGLUHLWRV
D 3HWLomR

&RQWUDLOHJDOLGDGHRXDEXVRGHSRGHU
(PUHSDUWLo}HVS~EOLFDV

'LUHLWRGH
SHWLomRHGH
FHUWLG}HV

3DUD
E &HUWLGmR

'HIHVDGHGLUHLWRV
(VFODUHFLPHQWRVGHVLWXDo}HVGHLQWHUHVVHSHVVRDO

3UD]R GDV
FHUWLG}HV

GLDV
6HD$GPLQLVWUDomRQmRVHPDQLIHVWDURUHPpGLRFRUUHWR
pR0DQGDGRGH6HJXUDQoDHQmRR+DEHDV'DWD

L3DUDHQWUDUFRPUHFXUVRDGPLQLVWUDWLYR 6~PXOD9LQFXODQWH
9HGDGRGHSyVLWR SUpYLR
GDTXDQWLDTXHVWLRQDGD

LL3DUDRDFHVVR
DR-XGLFLiULR

([LJLELOLGDGHGHFUpGLWRWULEXWiULRR(VWDGRQmRSRGH
H[LJLUGHSyVLWRSUpYLRSDUDTXHRSDUWLFXODUHQWUHFRP
DDomRQRMXGLFLiULR 6~PXOD9LQFXODQWH

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


9

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

35,1&,3$,6',5(,726,1',9,'8$,6(&2/(7,926,,,
1LQJXpPVHUiSURFHVVDGRQHPVHQWHQFLDGR
VHQmRSHODDXWRULGDGHFRPSHWHQWH

1mRKDYHUiMXt]RRX
WULEXQDOGHH[FHomR

 3ULQFtSLRGR
-XL]1DWXUDO

&)DUW/,,,

6HXPWULEXQDOQmRDVVHJXUDUDVJDUDQWLDVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVjV
SDUWHVHPOLWtJLRHOHVHUiFRQVLGHUDGRWULEXQDOGHH[FHomR
&)DUW;;;9,,

7DPEpPSDUDR3RGHU/HJLVODWLYRQDVFDXVDVHPTXHIRUMXOJDGRU

1mRpVySDUD
R-XGLFLiULR

([ 6HQDGR )HGHUDO MXOJD 3UHVLGHQWH GD


5HS~EOLFDSRUFULPHGHUHVSRQVDELOLGDGH

$OHLQmRH[FOXLUiGDDSUHFLDomRGR3RGHU
-XGLFLiULROHVmRRXDPHDoDDGLUHLWR

&)DUW;;;9

1mRVHFRQIXQGHFRPRGLUHLWRGHSHWLomR
(PUHJUDVLP
3RVVRHQWUDUQR
MXGLFLiULRVHP
SUpYLRSHGLGR
DGPLQLVWUDWLYR"

3ULQFtSLRGD
LQDIDVWDELOLGDGH
GDMXULVGLomR

0DVDRSomRSHODYLDMXGLFLDOLPSOLFD
UHQ~QFLDWiFLWDjYLDDGPLQLVWUDWLYD

([LJHVHHVJRWDPHQWR
XWLOL]DomRLQLFLDOGDYLD
DGPLQLVWUDWLYDSDUD
([FHomR

L'LVFULFLRQDULHGDGH
DGPLQLVWUDWLYD
-XGLFLiULRQmR
SRGHDGHQWUDU

3ULQFLSDLV
'LUHLWRV
,QGLYLGXDLV
H&ROHWLYRV

/LPLWHVj
UHWURDWLYLGDGH
GDOHL

LL +DEHDV'DWD
LLL5HFODPDomR DR 67)
GHDWRTXHFRQWUDULH
6~PXOD9LQFXODQWH

&RQYHQLrQFLDHRSRUWXQLGDGH
([1RPHDomRSDUDFDUJRHPFRPLVVmR

6HRDWRIHULUMXQWRD&)FDEHUi
LQWHUYHQomRGR-XGLFLiULR

LL$WRVLQWHUQD
FRUSRULV

$/HLQmR
SRGHSUHMXGLFDU

L-XVWLoDGHVSRUWLYD

([5HJLPHQWR,QWHUQRGDVFDVDVOHJLVODWLYDV

L'LUHLWRDGTXLULGR
LL&RLVDMXOJDGD
LLL$WRMXUtGLFRSHUIHLWR

/HLSHQDOUHWURDWLYDSDUDEHQHILFLDUUpX3RGH

1mRpXP
GLUHLWRDEVROXWR

'HYHFXPSULUVXD
IXQomRVRFLDO

8UEDQD
5XUDO

4XDQGRFXPSUHRSODQRGLUHWRU
&)DUW

3RGHGHVDSURSULDUSRULQWHUHVVHVRFLDOQHFHVVLGDGHS~EOLFDXWLOLGDGHS~EOLFD

'LUHLWRGH
SURSULHGDGH

'HVDSURSULDomR

6HHVWLYHUFXPSULQGRDIXQomRVRFLDO

,QGHQL]DomRMXVWDSUpYLD
HHPGLQKHLUR UHJUD

6HQmRHVWLYHUFXPSULQGRDIXQomRVRFLDO
3HTXHQDSURSULHGDGHUXUDOQmR
SRGHVHUSHQKRUDGDGHVGHTXH

'HVDSURSULDomRFRQILVFDWyULD
'HVDSURSULDomRVDQomR

7UDEDOKDGDSHODIDPtOLD
2VGpELWRVUHVXOWHPGDDWLYLGDGHSURGXWLYD

'HIHQVRULD3~EOLFD

$VVLVWrQFLD MXUtGLFD
LQWHJUDOHJUDWXLWD

$RVTXHFRPSURYDUHPLQVXILFLrQFLDGHUHFXUVRV
6HQmRKRXYHU'HIHQVRULD3~EOLFDR(VWDGRGHYHSDJDURDGYRJDGR

1mRSUHFLVDFRPSURYDURGDQRHIHWLYR

'DQRV
PRUDLV

([ $ PHUDSXEOLFDomR QmRDXWRUL]DGD


GHIRWRVMiHQVHMDGDQRPRUDO

3HVVRDVS~EOLFDVRXHPOXJDUHVS~EOLFRVWrPVXDSURWHomR',0,18'$

1mRp$&$%$'$

'DQRHVWpWLFRpLQGHQL]iYHODWtWXORGHGDQRPRUDO
eXPGLUHLWRIXQGDPHQWDOFRQVWLWXFLRQDO

'HIHVDGRFRQVXPLGRU
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

eSULQFtSLRGDRUGHPHFRQ{PLFD
10

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

35,1&,3$,6',5(,726,1',9,'8$,6(&2/(7,926,9
1LQJXpPVHUiFRQVLGHUDGRFXOSDGRDWpRWUkQVLWRHPMXOJDGRGHVHQWHQoDSHQDOFRQGHQDWyULD

D 3UHVXQomRGH
LQRFrQFLD

&)DUW/9,,
/HJDOLGDGHHDQWHULRULGDGHGDOHLSHQDOLQFULPLQDGRUD
1mRKiFULPHVHPOHLDQWHULRUTXHRGHILQDQHPSHQDVHPSUpYLDFRPLQDomROHJDO

E 6HJXUDQoD-XUtGLFD
HPPDWpULDFULPLQDO

&)DUW;;;,;
L3RURUGHP
IXQGDPHQWDGDGH-XL]

$OJXpPVy
SRGHVHUSUHVR

F 4XDQWR
jSULVmR

eGHFLVmRIXQGDPHQWDGD([3ULVmRFDXWHODU
1mRpVHQWHQoDWUDQVLWDGDHPMXOJDGR

LL(PIODJUDQWHGHOLWR
1mRFRQIXQGLUFRPRSULQFtSLRGDSUHVXQomRGDLQRFrQFLD
,QDGLPSOHPHQWRYROXQWiULRHLQHVFXViYHOGH3(162$/,0(17&,$
'(326,75,2,1),(/12pPDLV
KLSyWHVHGHSULVmRFLYLOSRUGtYLGD

3ULVmRFLYLO
SRUGtYLGD

3DFWRGH6DQ-RVpGD&RVWD5LFD

6DOYRIRURHVSHFLDOHVWDEHOHFLGRSHOD&)

-XOJDFULPHVGRORVRV
FRQWUDDYLGD

&RQVWLWXLomR(VWDGXDOQmRSRGHUHWLUDU
FRPSHWrQFLDGR7ULEXQDOGR-~UL

L6LJLORGDVYRWDo}HV

G 7ULEXQDO
GR-XUL

&DUDFWHUtVWLFDV

LL3OHQLWXGHGH'HIHVD
LLL6REHUDQLDGRVYHUHGLFWRV

$OHLSXQLUiTXDOTXHUGLVFULPLQDomRDWHQWDWyULDGRVGLUHLWRVHOLEHUGDGHVIXQGDPHQWDLV

H 3UiWLFDV
GLVFULPLQDWyULDV

&)DUW;/,
,QDILDQoiYHOHLPSUHVFULWtYHO
4XDOTXHUIRUPDGHGLVWLQomRHQmRVRPHQWHUDFLDO

&RQFHLWRDPSOR

L5DFLVPR

6XMHLWRjSHQDGHUHFOXVmR
LL$omRGHJUXSRVDUPDGRVFLYLVRXPLOLWDUHVFRQWUD
DRUGHPFRQVWLWXFLRQDOHR(VWDGR'HPRFUiWLFR

I 5DFLVPR[+7[
$omR GH JUXSRV
DUPDGRV

,QDILDQoiYHOHLPSUHVFULWtYHO

,QDILDQoiYHLV

(P
'LUHLWR
3HQDO

,QVXVFHWtYHLVGHJUDoDHDQLVWLD
LLL+77RUWXUD
7UiILFR 7HUURULVPR
H&ULPHV+HGLRQGRV

3ULQFLSDLV
'LUHLWRV
,QGLYLGXDLV
H&ROHWLYRV

6mRSUHVFULWtYHLV
&ULPHVKHGLRQGRV

&DEHOLEHUGDGHSURYLVyULD
3ULQFtSLRGDSUHVXQomRGHLQRFrQFLD

3HUVRQDOtVVLPD
3HQDOFtYHOHDGPLQLVWUDWLYD

L&DUiWHUSHUSpWXR
J 3HQD

9HGDGDV
SHQDVGH

LL%DQLPHQWR
LLL7UDEDOKRVIRUoDGRV
LY&UXpLV
Y0RUWHVDOYRHPFDVRGHJXHUUDGHFODUDGD
6HQmRLGHQWLILFDGRFLYLOPHQWH

K 3RGHKDYHULGHQWLILFDomRFULPLQDO

0HVPRFLYLOPHQWHLGHQWLILFDGRHPDOJXQVFDVRV
1RFDVRGHLQpUFLDGR0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR03

L $omRSHQDOSULYDGDVXEVLGLiULDGDS~EOLFD

1mRWLUDDWLWXODULGDGHGDDomRSHQDOGR03

1LQJXpPVHUiSULYDGRGDOLEHUGDGHRXGHVHXVEHQVVHPRGHYLGRSURFHVVROHJDO

&)DUW/,9

$RVOLWLJDQWHVHPSURFHVVRMXGLFLDORXDGPLQLVWUDWLYRHDRVDFXVDGRV
HPJHUDOVmRDVVHJXUDGRVRFRQWUDGLWyULRHDPSODGHIHVD&)DUW/9
L)RUPDO

3URFHVVRSURFHGLPHQWRHPVL

'HYLGRSURFHVVROHJDO
M 'HYLGR
SURFHVVR
OHJDO

LL6XEVWDQWLYR
RXPDWHULDO
3ULQFtSLRGDUD]RDELOLGDGH
HSURSRUFLRQDOLGDGH
1mRWHPDPSOD
GHIHVDHFRQWUDGLWyULR

'HYHRIHUHFHURFRQWUDGLWyULRHDDPSODGHIHVD
HRVPHLRVGHSURGXomRGHSURYDVSHUWLQHQWHV

7rPVHGHPDWHULDOQRSULQFtSLRGRGHYLGRSURFHVVROHJDOPDWHULDO

L,QTXpULWRSROLFLDO
LL&RPLVVmR3DUODPHQWDUGH,QTXpULWR&3,
LLL6LQGLFkQFLDTXHLPSOLTXHHP3URFHVVR$GPLQLVWUDWLYR'LVFLSOLQDU3$'

1mRVmRDGPLWLGDV
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

N 3URYDVLOtFLWDV

7HRULDGRVIUXWRVGDiUYRUHHQYHQHQDGD
11

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

5(0e',26&2167,78&,21$,6+$%($6&25386
&RQFHGHUVHiKDEHDVFRUSXV +& VHPSUHTXHDOJXpPVRIUHURXVHDFKDUDPHDoDGRGHVRIUHUYLROrQFLD
RXFRDomRHPVXDOLEHUGDGHGHORFRPRomRSRULOHJDOLGDGHRXDEXVRGHSRGHU &)DUW/;9,,,
,UHYLU GLUHLWRGHJHUDomR

'LUHLWRSURWHJLGR
1DWXUH]D

1Ro}HV
JHUDLV

3HQDOHGHSURFHGLPHQWRHVSHFLDO $OH[DQGUHGH0RUDHV

&DEHFRQWUDDWRFRPLVVLYRRXRPLVVLYR
(VSpFLHVGH+&

L3UHYHQWLYR RXVDOYRFRQGXWR
LL5HSUHVVLYR RXOLEHUDWyULR

eTXHPHQWUDFRPDDomR
D ,PSHWUDQWH

/HJLWLPDGRDWLYR

1mRSUHFLVDGHDGYRJDGR

3DUDVLRXWHUFHLUR

4XDOTXHUSHVVRD MXL] GHRItFLR HPHPEURGR0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR GHRItFLR


3HVVRDHPIDYRUGDTXDOVHHQWUDFRP+&
6RPHQWH
SHVVRDItVLFD

E 3DFLHQWH

3DUWHV

1mRFDEH+&SDUDSHVVRDMXUtGLFD
3HVVRDMXUtGLFDFRPHWHFULPH DPELHQWDO PDVQmRSRGH
VHUDSHQDGDFRPFHUFHLRGDOLEHUGDGH +&%$

2+&SRGHVHULPSHWUDGRSRUTXDOTXHUSHVVRDLQFOXVLYHSHORSUySULRSDFLHQWH
/HJLWLPDGRSDVVLYR

$XWRULGDGHFRDWRUD

3RULOHJDOLGDGHRXDEXVRGHSRGHU

3~EOLFD
F ,PSHWUDGR

3RGHVHU

3RULOHJDOLGDGH
3DUWLFXODU

3RGHVHULPSHWUDGRFRQWUDSDUWLFXODUSDUDFHVVDU
XPDFRDomRLOHJDO H[KRVSLWDOSVLTXLiWULFR

&DEH+&

D 'LUHWD

&DEH+&

2IHQVDDR
GLUHLWRGH
ORFRPRomR

L7UDQFDUDomRSHQDORXLQTXpULWRSROLFLDO
LL1mRGHSRUHP&3,
E ,QGLUHWD
UHIOH[DRX
SRWHQFLDO

LLL,PSXJQDUTXHEUDGRVLJLORWHOHI{QLFRGDGRV
&DVRV
LY,PSXJQDU TXHEUD
GHVLJLOREDQFiULR

+DEHDV
&RUSXV
5HJUD

6HHVWLYHUHPkPELWRFULPLQDOHSXGHU
FXOPLQDUQDUHVWULomRGDOLEHUGDGH&DEH+&
PELWRDGPLQLVWUDWLYR

1mRFDEH+&

eGHDFRUGRFRPDDXWRULGDGHFRDWRUD PDVKiH[FHo}HV &)DUWV


4XDQGRR3$&,(17(IRU3UHVLGHQWH9LFH3UHVLGHQWH0HPEURVGR
&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO0LQLVWURVGR67)7ULEXQDLV6XSHULRUHVH7&8
3*50LQLVWURGH(VWDGR&RPDQGDQWHVGDV)RUoDV$UPDGDV&KHIH
GHPLVVmRGLSORPiWLFDGHFDUiWHUSHUPDQHQWH
&2$725IRU7ULEXQDO6XSHULRU

D 67)

L2ULJLQiULD

4XDQGRR

LL(P5HFXUVR2UGLQiULR
4XDQGRR
&2$725RX
3$&,(17(

3ULQFLSDLV
FRPSHWrQFLDV
SDUD MXOJDPHQWR
GH+&

&2$725RX3$&,(17(IRUDXWRULGDGHRXIXQFLRQiULRFXMRVDWRV
HVWHMDPVXMHLWRVGLUHWDPHQWHjMXULVGLomRGR67)RXVHWUDWHGH
FULPHVXMHLWRjPHVPDMXULVGLomRHPXPD~QLFDLQVWkQFLD
+&GHFLGLGRHP~QLFDLQVWkQFLDSRU7ULEXQDO
6XSHULRUHDGHFLVmRIRU'(1(*$75,$
*RYHUQDGRU
'HVHPEDUJDGRUGH7ULEXQDOGH-XVWLoD
0HPEURVGRV75)75(7577ULEXQDLVGH&RQWDVGRV(VWDGRV
RX0XQLFtSLRVHPHPEURVGR038TXHRILFLHPSHUDQWHWULEXQDLV
7ULEXQDOVXMHLWRjMXULVGLomRGR67-

E 67-

L2ULJLQiULD

4XDQGRR
&2$725

0LQLVWURGH(VWDGR
&RPDQGDQWHGDV)RUoDV$UPDGDV

$TXLpFRDWRU
6HIRUSDFLHQWHVHUiR67)

5HVVDOYDGDD-XVWLoD(OHLWRUDO

LL(P5HFXUVR2UGLQiULR
L2ULJLQiULD

4XDQGRR&2$725IRU-XL])HGHUDO

F 75)
LL(P5HFXUVR2UGLQiULR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

G -XL])HGHUDO

+&GHFLGLGRHP~QLFDRX~OWLPDLQVWkQFLDSHORV75)VRX
7-(VWDGXDLVTXDQGRDGHFLVmRIRU'(1(*$75,$

'HFLVmRGH-XL])HGHUDORX-XL](VWDGXDO
QRH[HUFtFLRGDFRPSHWrQFLDIHGHUDO

-XOJDU+&HPPDWpULDFULPLQDOGHVXDFRPSHWrQFLDRXTXDQGRFRQVWUDQJLPHQWR
YLHUGHDXWRULGDGHFXMRVDWRVQmRHVWHMDPGLUHWDPHQWHVXMHLWRVDRXWUDMXULVGLomR

12

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

5(0e',26&2167,78&,21$,6+$%($6'$7$
L3DUDDVVHJXUDURFRQKHFLPHQWRGHLQIRUPDo}HVUHODWLYDVj
SHVVRDGRLPSHWUDQWHFRQVWDQWHVGHUHJLVWURVRXEDQFRVGH
GDGRVGHHQWLGDGHVJRYHUQDPHQWDLVRXGHFDUiWHUS~EOLFR
&RQFHGHUVHi
KDEHDVGDWD

LL3DUDDUHWLILFDomRGHGDGRVTXDQGRQmRVHSUHILUD
ID]rORSRUSURFHVVRVLJLORVRMXGLFLDORXDGPLQLVWUDWLYR
&)DUW/;;,,

,QGLYLGXDO

1mRH[LVWHKDEHDVGDWD +' FROHWLYR

1DWXUH]D
(QTXDQWRRKDEHDVFRUSXV +& pSHQDO

&LYLO

,QWURGXomR

eGLIHUHQWHGH

2EWHUFHUWLG}HV
'LUHLWRGHSHWLomR

1mRVHUYHSDUDSOHLWHDUDFHVVRDDXWRVGHSURFHVVRDGPLQLVWUDWLYR
+'QmRSUHFLVDGHPRQVWUDULQWHUHVVHQHQKXPRXSDUDTXHDVLQIRUPDo}HVVHUYLUmR
6HJXUDQoDGDVRFLHGDGHHGR(VWDGR

1mRp DEVROXWR

L$&(66$5 LQIRUPDo}HVUHODWLYDV
jSHVVRDGRLPSHWUDQWHFRQVWDQWH
GHEDQFRGHGDGRV S~EOLFR RX
GHFDUiWHUS~EOLFR

+DEHDV
'DWD

&DVRV

2EDQFRGHGDGRVWHPTXH
WHU&$57(53%/,&2([63&6(5$6$

LL 5(7,),&$5GDGRVTXDQGRQmRVHSUHILUDID]rOR
SRUSURFHVVRVLJLORVRMXGLFLDORXDGPLQLVWUDWLYR
LLL&203/(0(17$5DQRWDomR QRV DVVHQWDPHQWRV GR LQWHUHVVDGRGH
FRQWHVWDomR RX H[SOLFDomR VREUH GDGR YHUGDGHLUR PDV MXVWLILFiYHOH
TXHHVWHMDVRESHQGrQFLDMXGLFLDORXDPLJiYHO

4XDOTXHUSHVVRD

5HJUD

/HJLWLPLGDGH
DWLYD
([FHomR

)tVLFDRXMXUtGLFD
1DFLRQDORXHVWUDQJHLUD

3HUVRQDOtVVLPD
6ySRGHVHULPSHWUDGDSHORWLWXODU
&{QMXJHHKHUGHLURVGRIDOHFLGRSRGHPHQWUDUFRP+'

3UHFLVDGHDGYRJDGR

/HJLWLPLGDGHSDVVLYD

+&QmRSUHFLVD

3HVVRDMXUtGLFDGHGLUHLWRS~EOLFRRX
SULYDGRTXHFRQWURODREDQFRGHGDGRV

3DUDLPSUHWDUR+'p
QHFHVViULRKDYHUUHFXVD
QDYLDDGPLQLVWUDWLYDD

5HFXVDQDYLD
DGPLQLVWUDWLYD

1mRpLQIRUPDo}HVGHLQWHUHVVHGDSHVVRDGR
LPSHWUDQWHHVLP5(/$7,9$6DRLPSHWUDQWH

$FHVVRGRVGDGRV
5HWLILFDomRGDVLQIRUPDo}HV
&RPSOHPHQWDomRGHLQIRUPDo}HV
DQRWDomRQRVDVVHQWDPHQWRV

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


13

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

5(0e',26&2167,78&,21$,60$1'$'2'(6(*85$1d$,
SDUDSURWHJHUGLUHLWROtTXLGRHFHUWR
QmRDPSDUDGRSRUKDEHDVFRUSXVRXKDEHDVGDWD
&RQFHGHUVHi
PDQGDGRGHVHJXUDQoD

TXDQGRR
UHVSRQViYHO

3RGHVHU

DEXVRGHSRGHU
DXWRULGDGHS~EOLFDRX

IRU

&)DUW/;,;

1Ro}HV
JHUDLV

LOHJDOLGDGHRX

SHOD

DJHQWHGHSHVVRDMXUtGLFDQRH[HUFtFLR
GHDWULEXLo}HVGR3RGHU3~EOLFR

3UHYHQWLYR
5HSUHVVLYR
&LYLOTXDOTXHUTXHVHMDRDWRLPSXJQDGR FLYLOSHQDODGP

1DWXUH]D

2TXHQmRIRUGH+&RXGH+'

5HVLGXDO  6XEVLGLiULR

$SDUWHYHQFLGDQmRpFRQGHQDGDDSDJDUKRQRUiULRVDGYRFDWtFLRV 6~PXOD67)
1mRSUHFLVDGHGLODomRSUREDWyULD

eRGLUHLWRGHPRQVWUDGRGHSODQR
5HJUD

D 3URWHJHUGLUHLWR
OtTXLGRHFHUWR

$VSURYDVGHYHPVHUSUpFRQVWLWXtGDV
/HYDGDVDRVDXWRVQRPRPHQWRGDLPSHWUDomR
$PDWpULDGHGLUHLWRSRUPDLVFRPSOH[D
TXHVHMDSRGHVHUDQDOLVDGDHP06

2GLUHLWRWHPTXHVHUOtTXLGRH
FHUWRVREUHPDWpULDGH)$72

06pUHVLGXDOVXEVLGLiULR

2EMHWR

E 2GLUHLWRQmRSRGHVHU
DPSDUDGRSRU+&RX+'

06HQmR+&SDUDGLUHLWRGHUHXQLmR
6HD$GPLQLVWUDomRQmRVHPDQLIHVWDU
06HQmR+' QRGLUHLWRGHFHUWLGmR

L$XWRULGDGHS~EOLFD
F 4XDQGRR
UHVSRQViYHO
FRDWRU IRU

0DQGDGRGH
6HJXUDQoD

G  (TXHFRPHWDLOHJDOLGDGH
RXDEXVRGHSRGHU

&DEH06FRQWUDDWR

L'HWHQWRUGRGLUHLWROtTXLGRHFHUWR

LLL8QLYHUVDOLGDGHV GH
EHQVHGLUHLWRV

9LQFXODGRRXGLVFULFLRQiULR
&RPLVVLYRRXRPLVVLYR

3HVVRDVItVLFDVHMXUtGLFDV

LLUJmRV S~EOLFRV GHVSHUVRQDOL]DGRV


FRPFDSDFLGDGHSURFHVVXDO

/HJLWLPLGDGH
DWLYD

1mRFDEH06FRQWUDSDUWLFXODUVDOYR
VHHVWLYHUH[HUFHQGRDWLYLGDGHS~EOLFD

LL3DUWLFXODU QR H[HUFtFLR GH


DWULEXLo}HVGR3RGHUS~EOLFR

0HVDVGD&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV
HGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO
&KHIHVGR([HFXWLYR

1mRSRVVXHPSHUVRQDOLGDGHPDV
SRVVXHPFDSDFLGDGHSURFHVVXDO
([(VSyOLRPDVVDIDOLGDFRQGRPtQLR

LY$JHQWHVSROtWLFRV
Y0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR
YLUJmRVS~EOLFRVGHJUDXVXSHULRUQDGHIHVDGHVXDVDWULEXLo}HV

$XWRULGDGHFRDWRUD TXHPSUDWLFRXRDWR

/HJLWLPLGDGH
SDVVLYD

2VXMHLWRSDVVLYRVHUiVHPSUHDDXWRULGDGH
'(/(*$'$HQXQFDRGHOHJDQWH
&RQWUDyUJmRFROHJLDGR

&RPSHWrQFLD

06FRQWUDDWRVGH
WULEXQDLVTXHPMXOJD
pRSUySULR7ULEXQDO

267)WHPFRPSHWrQFLD
RULJLQiULDSDUDMXOJDU06

6~PXOD67)
2IRURVHUiRGDDXWRULGDGH'(/(*$'$

2VXMHLWRSDVVLYRVHUiR3UHVLGHQWHGRyUJmRFROHJLDGR

2IRURGDDXWRULGDGHFRDWRUD
5HJUD

1mRpRH[HFXWRU VWULFWRVHQVX HVLP


TXHPWHPRSRGHUSDUDFRUULJLURDWR

eHPIXQomRGDDXWRULGDGH
FRDWRUDHQmRGDPDWpULD

267)QmRWHPFRPSHWrQFLDRULJLQiULDHP06
FRQWUDDWRVSUDWLFDGRVSRU287526WULEXQDLV
6~PXOD67)
([ 06 FRQWUD DWR GR 3UHVLGHQWHyUJmRV
LQWHUQRVGR67-pMXOJDGRSHOR67-

([ 06GHSDUODPHQWDUSDUDWUDQFDU3(&
TXHWHQGDDDEROLUFOiXVXODVSpWUHDV
14

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

5(0e',26&2167,78&,21$,60$1'$'2'(6(*85$1d$,,
&DEH06

6HQmRFRXEHUUHFXUVR
6HRUHFXUVRIRUDSHQDVGHYROXWLYR

06FRQWUDGHFLVmRMXGLFLDO

4XDQGRFDEHUHFXUVRFRPHIHLWRVXVSHQVLYR

1mRFDEH06
06HPIDFHGHGLUHWRUGH
HVWDEHOHFLPHQWRGHHQVLQR
5HJUD
06FRQWUDOHL

$OJXQV
FDVRV

([FHomR
3DJDPHQWR
DVHUYLGRU

&RQWUDGHFLVmRMXGLFLDOWUDQVLWDGDHPMXOJDGR

&DEH06
$JHQWHGH3HVVRD-XUtGLFDH[HUFHQGRDWLYLGDGHS~EOLFD
1mRFDEH06FRQWUDOHLHPWHVH SDUDLVVRVHUYH$',Q
&DEH06FRQWUDOHLGHHIHLWRVFRQFUHWRV
6~PXOD67)

&DEH06PDVVySDUDDVSDUFHODVDSyVDLPSHWUDomR
$VDQWHULRUHVGHYHPVHUSHODDomRSUySULD DomRGHFREUDQoD
L$WRVLQWHUQDFRUSRULV

1mRFDEH
06FRQWUD

LL $WRV GH JHVWmR SUDWLFDGRV SRU DGPLQLVWUDGRUHV GH (PSUHVDV


(VWDWDLVH&RQFHVVLRQiULDVGHVHUYLoRVS~EOLFRV
LLL$WRGLVFLSOLQDUVDOYRVHIHLWRSRUDXWRULGDGHLQFRPSHWHQWHRXFRPYtFLRQRSURFHVVR
LY$WR DGPLQLVWUDWLYR TXDQGR FRXEHU UHFXUVRFRP
HIHLWRVXVSHQVLYRHIRULQGHSHQGHQWHGHFDXomR
&)DUW/;;
2UHVWRpLJXDO

$JUDQGHGLIHUHQoDpRREMHWRHDOHJLWLPDomRDWLYD

D 2EMHWR

2VWUDQVLQGLYLGXDLVGHQDWXUH]DLQGLYLVtYHOGHTXHVHMD
WLWXODUJUXSRRXFDWHJRULDGHSHVVRDVOLJDGDVHQWUHVLRX
FRPDSDUWHFRQWUiULDSRUXPDUHODomRMXUtGLFDEiVLFD

L&ROHWLYRV
,QWHUHVVHV

LL,QGLYLGXDLV
KRPRJrQHRV

2VGHFRUUHQWHVGHRULJHPFRPXPHGDDWLYLGDGH
RXVLWXDomRHVSHFtILFDGDWRWDOLGDGHRXGHSDUWH
GRVDVVRFLDGRVRXPHPEURVGRLPSHWUDQWH

$UW/HL

0DQGDGRGH
6HJXUDQoD

%DVWDXPSDUODPHQWDU
HP48$/48(5FDVD

L3DUWLGRSROtWLFRFRP
UHSUHVHQWDomRQR
&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO

0DQGDGRGH
6HJXUDQoD
&ROHWLYR

LL2UJDQL]DomRVLQGLFDO

1DGHIHVDGHVHXV
LQWHUHVVHVOHJtWLPRV
UHODWLYRVD

&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV
6HQDGR)HGHUDO
6HXVLQWHJUDQWHV28
ILQDOLGDGHSDUWLGiULD

9('$'206GHSDUWLGR
SROtWLFRFRPYLVWDVDLPSXJQDU
GLUHLWRLQGLYLGXDOGLVSRQtYHO([,PSRVWR
&RQIHGHUDomRIHGHUDomRRXVLQGLFDWR

LLL(QWLGDGHGHFODVVH
(PIXQFLRQDPHQWRKiSHORPHQRVDQR
6yDDVVRFLDomRSUHFLVD
HVWDUFRQVWLWXtGDKi
SHORPHQRVDQR

6LQGLFDWRHHQWLGDGH GH
FODVVHQmRSUHFLVDP

E /HJLWLPLGDGH

LY$VVRFLDomR

6HD
$VVRFLDomR
EXVFDURV
GLUHLWRVSRU
PHLRGH

eFDVRGHVXEVWLWXLomR
SURFHVVXDO
06&2/(7,92

6~PXOD67)
4XDOTXHU
RXWUDDomR

2EV 2UJDQL]DomR
VLQGLFDO(QWLGDGHGH
FODVVHH$VVRFLDomR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

1mRSUHFLVDGD
DXWRUL]DomRH[SUHVVD
GRVWLWXODUHVGRVGLUHLWRV

(PGHIHVDGH
VHXVPHPEURV
RXDVVRFLDGRV

3UHFLVDGHDXWRUL]DomR
H[SUHVVDSRLVpFDVRGH
UHSUHVHQWDomRSURFHVVXDO

3RGHPDWXDUQDGHIHVDGH3$57(
GRVPHPEURV 67)6~PXOD
([6RPHQWH GRV DSRVHQWDGRV
GHFHUWDFDWHJRULD

/HJDOPHQWHFRQVWLWXtGD
'HYHKDYHUSHUWLQrQFLDWHPiWLFDHQWUHRREMHWRGR
06&ROHWLYRFRPRVREMHWLYRVLQVWLWXFLRQDLV
15

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

5(0e',26&2167,78&,21$,60$1'$'2'(,1-81d2,
&RQFHGHUVHiPDQGDGRGHLQMXQomRVHPSUHTXHDIDOWDGHQRUPDUHJXODPHQWDGRUD
WRUQHLQYLiYHORH[HUFtFLRGRVGLUHLWRVHOLEHUGDGHVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLV HGDVSUHUURJDWLYDV
LQHUHQWHVjQDFLRQDOLGDGHjVREHUDQLDHjFLGDGDQLD &)DUW/;;,

2EMHWR

L'RVGLUHLWRVHOLEHUGDGHVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLV

0,VHUYHSDUDVXSULUDIDOWDGHQRUPD
UHJXODPHQWDGRUD LQIUDFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
TXHWRUQHLQYLiYHORH[HUFtFLR

1DFLRQDOLGDGH
LL'DVSUHUURJDWLYDVLQHUHQWHVj

6REHUDQLD
&LGDGDQLD

&DVRRGLUHLWR

6HMDDVVHJXUDGRQD&)
([LMDUHJXODPHQWDomR

4XDQGRKiRGHYHUGHOHJLVODU

([&)DUW;,,,

4XDQGRDUHJXODPHQWDomRQmRWHQKDVLGRIHLWD
HPWHPSRKiELORXSUD]RUD]RiYHO

&DEH0,

3URJUDPiWLFDVRXRUJDQL]DWLYD
FRQWH~GRRUJkQLFR

3DUDQRUPDVGH HILFiFLD
/,0,7$'$ HLPSRVLWLYDV

6HPDUHJXODPHQWDomRQmR
VHSRGHH[HUFHURGLUHLWR

3UHVVXSRVWRV
4XDQGR p IDFXOWDWLYD
DDomRGROHJLVODGRU

6yFDEH0,TXDQGRDOHJLVODomRpREULJDWyULD

3DUDUHJXODPHQWDUQRUPDVLQIUDFRQVWLWXFLRQDLV
1mR
FDEH0,

3DUDSHGLUSDUDVXVSHQGHUOHL6ySDUDID]HUOHL
6H Mi H[LVWH QRUPD UHJXODPHQWDGRUD
PHVPRTXHVHMD

,QHILFD]
,QFRQVWLWXFLRQDO

3DUDFULDUGLUHLWRQRYR

0DQGDGR
GH,QMXQomR
D $WLYD

4XDOTXHUSHVVRDTXHWHQKDVHXVGLUHLWRV
WROKLGRVSHODIDOWDGHQRUPDUHJXODPHQWDGRUD
6HPSUH R
(67$'2

/HJLWLPLGDGH
E 3DVVLYD

6yRHQWHHVWDWDOpUHVSRQViYHOSRUHODERUDUDVOHLV
1XQFDRSDUWLFXODU SRLVQmRHODERUDOHLV
0,FRQWUDTXHPGHWpPD
LQLFLDWLYDGHSURSRUDOHL

6HIRUFRQWUDIDOWDGH/HL
GHLQLFLDWLYDSULYDWLYD

([ ,QLFLDWLYD SULYDWLYD


GR3UHVLGHQWH

0,FRQWUDR
3UHVLGHQWH

2-XGLFLiULRGHFODUDDPRUDHWRUQDRGLUHLWRH[HUFLWiYHO
L&ROHWLYDJHUDO

9DOHHUJDRPQHVDWpOHJLVODomRYLU

9DOHLQWHUSDUWHV
'LUHWD

(IHLWRV

D 7HRULD
FRQFUHWLVWD

2-XGLFLiULRSURYrRGLUHLWRLPHGLDWDPHQWH
2-XGLFLiULRGiXPSUD]R
SDUDROHJLVODGRUDJLU

LL,QGLYLGXDO
,QWHUPHGLiULD

267)WHPVHSRVLFLRQDGR
FRQIRUPHDWHRULD&21&5(7,67$

E 7HRULDQmRFRQFUHWLVWD

&DVRRUHVSRQViYHOSHUPDQHoD
LQHUWHRGLUHLWRpFRQFUHWL]DGR
'HFUHWDVHDPRUDGRSRGHURPLVVR
UHFRQKHFHQGRIRUPDOPHQWHVXDLQpUFLD
eYLDELOL]DGRRH[HUFtFLRGRGLUHLWR

2-XGLFLiULRDSHQDVGHFODUDDPRUDGRSRGHURPLVVR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


16

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

5(0e',26&2167,78&,21$,60$1'$'2'(,1-81d2,,
3DUDRVPHVPRVOHJLWLPDGRVGR0DQGDGRGH6HJXUDQoD&ROHWLYR

&DEH

L3DUWLGRSROtWLFRFRPUHSUHVHQWDomRQR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
,2UJDQL]DomRVLQGLFDO
,,(QWLGDGHGHFODVVH

0,FROHWLYR

/HJLWLPLGDGH
DWLYD

,,,$VVRFLDomR

LL(PGHIHVDGH
VHXV PHPEURV
RXDVVRFLDGRV

/HJDOPHQWHFRQVWLWXtGD
(PIXQFLRQDPHQWRKiSHORPHQRVDQR

6yDDVVRFLDomRSUHFLVDHVWDU
FRQVWLWXtGDKiSHORPHQRVDQR
1mRSUHFLVDP HVWDU
FRQVWLWXtGD Ki SHOR
PHQRVXPDQR

6LQGLFDWR
(QWLGDGHGHFODVVH

$FRPSHWrQFLDSDUDMXOJDPHQWRpVHPSUHHPIXQomRGDDXWRULGDGHFRDWRUD
3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
4XDQGRDHODERUDomRGD
QRUPDUHJXODPHQWDGRUD
IRUDWULEXLomR
L2ULJLQiULR

&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV
6HQDGR)HGHUDO
67)
7ULEXQDLV6XSHULRUHV

D 67)

7&8

LL(PUHFXUVR
RUGLQiULR

0DQGDGR
GH,QMXQomR

20,GHFLGLGRHP~QLFDLQVWkQFLD
SHORV7ULEXQDLV6XSHULRUHVVH
GHQHJDWyULDDGHFLVmR

4XDQGRDHODERUDomRGD
QRUPDUHJXODPHQWDGRUD
IRUDWULEXLomRGH

&RPSHWrQFLD
SDUD MXOJDPHQWR
GR0,

UJmRHQWLGDGHRXDXWRULGDGHIHGHUDO
GDDGPLQLVWUDomRGLUHWDRXLQGLUHWD

67)
6DOYRDV
FRPSHWrQFLDVGR

E 67-

-XVWLoD0LOLWDU
-XVWLoD(OHLWRUDO

&)DUW,K

-XVWLoDGR7UDEDOKR
-XVWLoD)HGHUDO
4XDQGRDVGHFLV}HVGRV75(VGHQHJDUHPR0,
F 76(

&)9
$V&RQVWLWXLo}HV(VWDGXDLVRUJDQL]DUmR

G (VWDGXDO

/HJLWLPDGR
D 0,

'LIHUHQoDV GH
0,SDUD$',Q
SRURPLVVmR

&)DUW

4XDOTXHUSHVVRDTXHWHQKDVHXVGLUHLWRV
WROKLGRVSRUIDOWDGHQRUPDUHJXODPHQWDGRUD

6ROXomRSDUDFDVRFRQFUHWR
4XDOTXHUMXt]RFRPSHWHQWH
1mRFDEHOLPLQDU
/HJLWLPDGR

E $',QSRU
RPLVVmR

2VPHVPRVOHJLWLPDGRVGD$',Q

9LDDEVWUDWD
6yR67)WHPFRPSHWrQFLDSDUDMXOJDU
&DEHOLPLQDU

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


17

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

5(0e',26&2167,78&,21$,6$d23238/$5
DRSDWULP{QLRS~EOLFRRXGH
HQWLGDGHGHTXHR(VWDGRSDUWLFLSH
DDQXODU
DWR/(6,92

4XDOTXHUFLGDGmRp
SDUWHOHJtWLPDSDUDSURSRU
DomRSRSXODUTXHYLVH

jPRUDOLGDGHDGPLQLVWUDWLYD
DRPHLRDPELHQWH
DRSDWULP{QLRKLVWyULFRHFXOWXUDO

2DWR12SUHFLVDVHU,/(*$/
ILFDQGRRDXWRUVDOYRFRPSURYDGDPiIpLVHQWRGHFXVWDV
MXGLFLDLVHGR{QXVGDVXFXPErQFLD &)DUW/;;,,,

2EMHWR

3DUDDQXODUDWRFRQWUDWRRXWURV $'0,1,675$7,926 /(6,926


'HYHPVHUDWDFDGDVSRUYLDSUySULD
UHFXUVRVDomRUHVFLVyULD

1mRSRGHDWDFDUGHFLVmRMXGLFLDO

ePHLRGHH[HUFHUDVREHUDQLDSRSXODU
3RGHVHU

1Ro}HV
JHUDLV

3UHYHQWLYD
5HSUHVVLYD

1DWXUH]D&LYLO
&XVWDV

,VHQWRGHFXVWDVMXGLFLDLVH{QXVGDVXFXPErQFLD

3DUDRDXWRU

6DOYRPiIpFRPSURYDGD
4XDOTXHU&,'$'2
$SiWULGD

3RGHSURSRU
DomRSRSXODU

1mRSRGHVHU

(VWUDQJHLUR
&RQVFULWR
3HVVRDMXUtGLFD

/HJLWLPLGDGH
DWLYD

1mRSRGHDMXL]DUDomRSRSXODU
0LQLVWpULR
3~EOLFR

$omR
3RSXODU

2SURPRWRUHQTXDQWRFLGDGmRSRGHSURSRU$omR
3RSXODUPDVFRPRPHPEURGR03QmR
6HRDXWRU
GHVLVWLU

7RGRVDTXHOHVTXHIRUDP
UHVSRQViYHLVSHORGDQRRXTXH
REWLYHUDPDOJXPEHQHItFLRFRP
DOHVmRDRSDWULP{QLRS~EOLFR

03SRGHDVVXPLU
1mRSRGHSURSRUDDomRSRSXODUPDVSRGHDVVXPLU
L$JHQWHTXHSUDWLFRXRDWR
LL(QWLGDGHOHVDGD
&DEH $omR 3RSXODU
FRQWUDSDUWLFXODU

LLL %HQHILFLiULRV GRV DWRV


RXFRQWUDWRVOHVLYRV

/HJLWLPDGR
SDVVLYR

$SHVVRDMXUtGLFDGHGLUHLWRS~EOLFRRXSULYDGRFXMRDWRVHMDREMHWRGD
LPSXJQDomRSRGHVHDEVWHUGHFRQWHVWDURXDWXDUDRODGRGRDXWRU

5HH[DPHQHFHVViULR

2UHH[DPHpQHFHVViULRVHDDomRSRSXODUIRUMXOJDGDLPSURFHGHQWH

1mRID]FRLVDMXOJDGDPDWHULDO

L6HDLPSURFHGrQFLDVH
GHUSRUIDOWDGHSURYDV

)D]FRLVD
MXOJDGD"

3RGHVHHQWUDUFRPQRYDDomRFRQWUDR
PHVPRDWRGHVGHTXHVHWHQKDPDLVSURYDV

LL 6HDLPSURFHGrQFLD RXSURFHGrQFLD


IRUDPDPSODPHQWHIXQGDPHQWDGDV
3RGH

 &RQWUROH GH
FRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
HPDomRSRSXODU

'HVGHTXHVHMDGH
LQWHUHVVHS~EOLFR

)D]FRLVDMXOJDGDHUJDRPQHVH
QmRFDEHHQWUDUFRPQRYDDomR

&RQWUROH',)862HPDomRSRSXODU FDVRFRQFUHWR

1mRSRGH

&RQWUROHDEVWUDWR
6HUVXEVWLWXWRGD$',Q
,QWHUHVVHGDFROHWLYLGDGHSDWULP{QLRS~EOLFRPRUDOLGDGH

$omRSRSXODUYV
0DQGDGRGH
VHJXUDQoD

D $omRSRSXODU

1mRSUHFLVDYLRODULQWHUHVVHFRQFUHWRHREMHWLYR
'LUHLWROtTXLGRHFHUWR

E 0DQGDGRGHVHJXUDQoD
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

,QGLYLGXDORXFROHWLYR

3UHFLVDGHYLRODomRDRGLUHLWRVXEMHWLYR
18

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

',5(,72662&,$,6,
L(GXFDomR
LL6D~GH
LLL7UDEDOKR
LY$OLPHQWDomR

'LUHLWRVVRFLDLV
SUHYLVWRV QR
DUW&)

Y0RUDGLD
YL/D]HU
YLL6HJXUDQoD
YLLL3UHYLGrQFLDVRFLDO
L[3URWHomRjPDWHUQLGDGHHjLQIkQFLD
[$VVLVWrQFLDDRVGHVDPSDUDGRV
6mROLEHUGDGHVSRVLWLYDV
6mR'LUHLWRV)XQGDPHQWDLVGHJHUDomR

1Ro}HV
JHUDLV

6RPHQWHRVGLUHLWRVHJDUDQWLDV,1',9,'8$,6
1mRVmR
FOiXVXODV
SpWUHDV

&DUDFWHUtVWLFDV

&)DUW
+iGRXWULQDFRQWUiULD
$/*816GLUHLWRVVRFLDLVVmRFOiXVXODVSpWUHDV

(VWmRQRVDUWVDDRORQJRGD&)
/LVWDGRDUW12pH[DXVWLYD(ODpH[HPSOLILFDWLYD
6HJXHPRSULQFtSLRGDSURLELomRGRUHWURFHVVR
QRGRPtQLRGRVGLUHLWRVIXQGDPHQWDLVHVRFLDLV
2VGLUHLWRVVRFLDLVGHYHPVHUHIHWLYDGRVQDPHGLGD
H[DWDHPTXHLVVRpILQDQFHLUDPHQWHSRVVtYHO

&OiXVXOD GD
5HVHUYDGR3RVVtYHO

'LUHLWRV
6RFLDLV

eXPDDJUHPLDomRIXQGDGDSDUDDGHIHVDFRPXPGRVLQWHUHVVHVGHVHXVDGHUHQWHV
1mRSUHFLVDGHDXWRUL]DomR

/LYUHFULDomR

%DVHWHUULWRULDOPtQLPD

8PPXQLFtSLR

6RPHQWHXPVLQGLFDWRSRUEDVHWHUULWRULDO
6LQGLFDWRV

6LQGLFDWRV

(PFDVRGHFRQIOLWR

3ULQFtSLRGDDQWHULRULGDGH

1LQJXpPVHUiREULJDGRDVHILOLDURXDVHPDQWHUILOLDGR
3DUWLFLSDomRGRVLQGLFDWRQDVQHJRFLDo}HVFROHWLYDVGHWUDEDOKRpREULJDWyULD
9HGDGDGLVSHQVD
GRHPSUHJDGR
VLQGLFDOL]DGR

$SDUWLUGRUHJLVWURGDFDQGLGDWXUDDFDUJR
GHGLUHomRRXUHSUHVHQWDomRVLQGLFDO
6H HOHLWR
DLQGDTXHVXSOHQWH

$WpXPDQRDSyVRILQDOGRPDQGDWR
6DOYRVHFRPHWHUIDOWDJUDYH

1DWXUH]DQmRWULEXWiULD
&RQIHGHUDWLYD

&RQWULEXLomR

'HYLGDVRPHQWHSHORVILOLDGRV
)L[DGDSRUDVVHPEOpLDJHUDO
&)DUW,9

'HYLGDSRUWRGRVRVWUDEDOKDGRUHVGDFDWHJRULDILOLDGRVRXQmR
6LQGLFDO

1DWXUH]DWULEXWiULD
)L[DGDHPOHL
&)DUW

3RGHID]HUJUHYH

'LUHLWR
GHJUHYH

1mRpDEVROXWR
(PSUHVDVFRPPDLV
GHHPSUHJDGRV

6HUYLoRVHVVHQFLDLVGHYHPVHUPDQWLGRV
$VVHJXUDGD HOHLomR GH XP UHSUHVHQWDQWH SDUD
SURPRYHURHQWHQGLPHQWRGLUHWRFRPRHPSUHJDGRU

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


19

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

',5(,72662&,$,6,,',5(,72'2675$%$/+$'25(6
$SOLFDPVHDWUDEDOKDGRUHV
XUEDQRVUXUDLVHDYXOVRV

 1Ro}HV
JHUDLV

+iUHVWULo}HVDRVWUDEDOKDGRUHVGRPpVWLFRV

eRTXHSUHVWDVHUYLoRVFRPDLQWHUPHGLDomRGDHQWLGDGHGH
FODVVHTXHWHPRVHXSDJDPHQWRIHLWRVREDIRUPDGHUDWHLR
7UDEDOKDGRU
DYXOVR

$TXHOHTXHSUHVWDVHUYLoRVDYiULRVWRPDGRUHV
HTXHH[HFXWDVHUYLoRVGHFXUWDGXUDomR
([(VWLYDGRUGHSRUWR
9HGDGRGLVSHQVDDUELWUiULDRX
VHPMXVWDFDXVDGDJHVWDQWH
L 5HODomR GH HPSUHJR SURWHJLGD FRQWUD
GHVSHGLGDDUELWUiULDRXVHPMXVWDFDXVD

'HVGHDFRQILUPDomRGDJUDYLGH]
DWpPHVHVDSyVRSDUWR

LL6HJXURGHVHPSUHJRHPFDVRGHGHVHPSUHJR,192/8175,2
6HUYLGRUS~EOLFR12WHP)*76

LLL)XQGRGHJDUDQWLDGRWHPSRGHVHUYLoR )*76

LY6DOiULRPtQLPR

)DFXOWDWLYRDRVGRPpVWLFRV

&OiXVXODGHUHVHUYDGRSRVVtYHO
9HGDGDDYLQFXODomRGRVDOiULRPtQLPRSDUDTXDOTXHUILP

YL,UUHGXWLELOLGDGHGRVDOiULRVDOYRRGLVSRVWRHPFRQYHQomRRXDFRUGRFROHWLYR
YLL*DUDQWLDGHVDOiULRQXQFDLQIHULRUDRPtQLPRSDUDRVTXHSHUFHEHPUHPXQHUDomRYDULiYHO
YLLL'pFLPRWHUFHLURVDOiULRFRPEDVHQDUHPXQHUDomRLQWHJUDORXQRYDORUGDDSRVHQWDGRULD
L[5HPXQHUDomRGRWUDEDOKRQRWXUQRVXSHULRUjGRGLXUQR
[L3DUWLFLSDomRQRVOXFURVRXUHVXOWDGRVGHVYLQFXODGDGDUHPXQHUDomRH
H[FHSFLRQDOPHQWHSDUWLFLSDomRQDJHVWmRGDHPSUHVDFRQIRUPHGHILQLGRHPOHL
[LL6DOiULRIDPtOLDSDJRHPUD]mRGRGHSHQGHQWHGRWUDEDOKDGRUGHEDL[DUHQGD
[LLL -RUQDGDGH
WUDEDOKR

1mRVXSHULRUD

KSRUGLDH
KVHPDQDLV

3RGHVHUUHGX]LGDFRPSHQVDGDSRUDFRUGRRXFRQYHQomRFROHWLYD
-RUQDGDH[WUDRUGLQiULD KRUDH[WUD

'LUHLWRVGRV
7UDEDOKDGRUHV

3ULQFLSDLV
'LUHLWRVGRV
7UDEDOKDGRUHV
 &)DUW

VREUHDKRUDQRUPDO LQF[YL

[LY-RUQDGDGHVHLVKRUDVSDUDRWUDEDOKRUHDOL]DGRHPWXUQRV
LQLQWHUUXSWRVGHUHYH]DPHQWRVDOYRQHJRFLDomRFROHWLYD
[Y 5HSRXVR VHPDQDO UHPXQHUDGR
SUHIHUHQFLDOPHQWHDRVGRPLQJRV

1mRpREULJDWyULDPHQWHDRVGRPLQJRV
3RGHVHUHP48$/48(5GLDGDVHPDQD

[[YL5HFRQKHFLPHQWRGDVFRQYHQo}HV
HDFRUGRVFROHWLYRVGHWUDEDOKR

$FRUGRVFROHWLYRVVmR/HLHQWUHDV
SDUWHV WUDEDOKDGRUHHPSUHJDGRU

[YLL*R]RGHIpULDVDQXDLVUHPXQHUDGDV FRP SHOR


PHQRVXPWHUoRDPDLVGRTXHRVDOiULRQRUPDO

&)QmRIDODHPGLDV

[YLLL/LFHQoDjJHVWDQWHVHPSUHMXt]RGRHPSUHJRHGRVDOiULRFRPDGXUDomRGHGLDV
[L[/LFHQoDSDWHUQLGDGH
[[3URWHomRGRPHUFDGRGHWUDEDOKRGDPXOKHUPHGLDQWHLQFHQWLYRVHVSHFtILFRV
[[L$YLVRSUpYLRSURSRUFLRQDODRWHPSRGHVHUYLoRVHQGRQRPtQLPRGLDV
[[LLL$GLFLRQDOGHUHPXQHUDomRSDUDDVDWLYLGDGHVSHQRVDVLQVDOXEUHVRXSHULJRVDV
[[Y $VVLVWrQFLD JUDWXLWD DRV ILOKRV H GHSHQGHQWHV
GHVGHRQDVFLPHQWRDWp FLQFR DQRVGH
LGDGHHPFUHFKHVHSUpHVFRODV
[[YLL3URWHomRHPIDFHGDDXWRPDomRQDIRUPDGDOHL

$WpHUD$126
(&
1RUPDGHHILFiFLDOLPLWDGD

[[YLLL6HJXURFRQWUDDFLGHQWHVGHWUDEDOKRDFDUJRGRHPSUHJDGRU
[[[LLL 3URLELomR GH WUDEDOKR QRWXUQR SHULJRVR RX LQVDOXEUH D PHQRUHV
GHGH]RLWRHGHTXDOTXHUWUDEDOKRDPHQRUHVGHGH]HVVHLVDQRV
VDOYRQDFRQGLomRGHDSUHQGL]DSDUWLUGHTXDWRU]HDQRV
L6DOiULRPtQLPR
LL,UUHGXWLELOLGDGHGHVDOiULR
LLL'pFLPRWHUFHLURVDOiULR
6mRDVVHJXUDGRVDRV
WUDEDOKDGRUHVGRPpVWLFRV
&)DUWS~QLFR

7UDEDOKDGRU
GRPpVWLFR

Y*R]RGHIpULDVDFUHVFLGRGHGRVDOiULR
YL/LFHQoDJHVWDQWHGHGLDV
YLL/LFHQoDSDWHUQLGDGH
YLLL$YLVRSUpYLR

)*76pIDFXOWDWLYR
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

LY5HSRXVRVHPDQDOUHPXQHUDGR

L[$SRVHQWDGRULD
[,QWHJUDomRjSUHYLGrQFLDVRFLDO
20

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

'$1$&,21$/,'$'(,
eRYtQFXORMXUtGLFRSROtWLFRTXH
OLJDXPLQGLYtGXRDXP(VWDGR

D 1DFLRQDOLGDGH

&RQMXQWRGHSHVVRDVTXHID]HPSDUWHGR(VWDGR
3HVVRDVYLQFXODGDVDXPGHWHUPLQDGRUHJLPHMXUtGLFR

E 3RYR

2HOHPHQWRKXPDQRGR(VWDGR
&RQMXQWRGHSHVVRDVHPGDGRWHUULWyULRHPRPHQWR

1Ro}HV
JHUDLV

&RQMXQWRGHUHVLGHQWHVQRWHUULWyULR

F 3RSXODomR

1DFLRQDLVRXHVWUDQJHLURV
&RQMXQWRGHSHVVRDVQDVFLGRVHPXPWHUULWyULR
OLJDGRVSHODPHVPDOtQJXDFXOWXUDWUDGLo}HV
1mRGHSHQGHGHWHUULWyULR
G 1DomR

2EV

6HQWLPHQWRGHXQLGDGHQDFLRQDO
([EDVFRVFXUGRVSDOHVWLQD

3UHVVXSRVWRGHQDFLRQDOLGDGH
H &LGDGDQLD

9RWDUHVHUYRWDGR

7LWXODULGDGHGHGLUHLWRVSROtWLFRV

,PSRVWRGHPDQHLUDXQLODWHUDO
,QGHSHQGHQWHGDYRQWDGHGDSHVVRD

1DFLRQDOLGDGH

(VSpFLHVGH
QDFLRQDOLGDGH

D 3ULPiULDRX
RULJLQiULD

1RPRPHQWRGRQDVFLPHQWR
FULWpULRV

,XVVROLV
,XVVDQJXLQL

6HDGTXLUHSRUYRQWDGHSUySULD
E 6HFXQGiULD

3HODQDWXUDOL]DomR

eQDFLRQDOTXHPQDVFHUHPWHUULWyULRQDFLRQDO

&ULWpULRVGH
DWULEXLomRGH
QDFLRQDOLGDGH

D ,XVVROLV

,QGHSHQGHQWHGDQDFLRQDOLGDGHGRVSDLV
9tQFXORGRVDQJXH

E ,XVVDQJXLQLV

eQDFLRQDOTXHPIRUILOKRGHQDFLRQDO
,QGHSHQGHQWHGRORFDOGHQDVFLPHQWR

2EV

$&)DGRWDRVGRLVFULWpULRV
,XVVROLV WHPSHUDGR

L4XHPQDVFHHPWHUULWyULREUDVLOHLURGHVGHTXHRV
SDLVHVWUDQJHLURVQmRHVWHMDPDVHUYLoRGRSDtV
LL4XHPQDVFHQRHVWUDQJHLURHpILOKRGHSDL
EUDVLOHLURRXPmHEUDVLOHLUDDVHUYLoRGRSDtV

%UDVLOHLUR
QDWR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

LLL 4XHP QDVFH QR HVWUDQJHLUR


GHSDLEUDVLOHLURRXPmH
EUDVLOHLUDTXHQmRHVWmRD
VHUYLoRGR%UDVLOGHVGHTXH

,XVVROLV

,XVVDQJXLQL

,6HMD UHJLVWUDGR HPUHSDUWLomR


EUDVLOHLUDFRPSHWHQWH
5HJLVWURQRV&RQVXODGRV
,,9HQKDDUHVLGLUQR%UDVLOH
RSWHHPTXDOTXHUWHPSR
GHSRLV GH DWLQJLGD D PDLRULGDGH
SHODQDFLRQDOLGDGHEUDVLOHLUD
21

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

'$1$&,21$/,'$'(,,
'HSHQGHGHPDQLIHVWDomRGDSHVVRDHGRSDtV
$WRGLVFULFLRQiULRGR%UDVLO UHJUD
([SUHVVD
1DWXUDOL]DomR
7iFLWD

'HSHQGHGHUHTXHULPHQWRSRGHVHUGRLQWHUHVVDGR
$GTXLULGDLQGHSHQGHQWHPHQWHGH
PDQLIHVWDomRH[SUHVVDGRQDWXUDOL]DGR
$&)QmRSUHYrDQDWXUDOL]DomRWiFLWD

L(VWUDQJHLURVTXHQDIRUPDGDOHLDGTXLUDPQDFLRQDOLGDGHEUDVLOHLUD
LL2ULJLQiULRVGHSDtVHVGH
OtQJXDSRUWXJXHVDFRP

%UDVLOHLUR
QDWXUDOL]DGR

6mREUDVLOHLURV
QDWXUDOL]DGRV
LLL (VWUDQJHLUR GH TXDOTXHU
QDFLRQDOLGDGHTXH

,GRQHLGDGHPRUDO
5HVLGrQFLDQR%UDVLOSRU
DQRLQLQWHUUXSWR
5HVLGDQR%UDVLOKiPDLV
GHDQRVLQLQWHUUXSWRV
1mRWHQKDFRQGHQDomRFULPLQDO
5HTXHLUDDQDFLRQDOLGDGHEUDVLOHLUD

2EV3RUWXJXHVHVHTXLSDUDGRVDEUDVLOHLURV1$785$/,=$'26
$RVSRUWXJXHVHVFRPUHVLGrQFLDSHUPDQHQWHQR%UDVLOVmR
DVVHJXUDGRVGLUHLWRVGHEUDVLOHLURVQDWXUDOL]DGRVGHVGHTXHKDMD
UHFLSURFLGDGHHP3RUWXJDOUHVVDOYDGDVDVYHGDo}HVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLV
1mRpQDFLRQDOLGDGHHVLPGLUHLWRVR SRUWXJXrV QmR VH QDWXUDOL]D
EUDVLOHLURPDVWHPRVPHVPRVGLUHLWRVGREUDVLOHLURQDWXUDOL]DGR
3ULQFtSLRGD
LJXDOGDGH

$OHLQmRSRGHID]HUGLVWLQomRHQWUH%UDVLOHLURQDWRHQDWXUDOL]DGR
VDOYRRVFDVRVH[SUHVVRVQDSUySULD&RQVWLWXLomR
L %UDVLOHLUR QDWXUDOL]DGR SRGH WHU FDQFHODGD VXD QDWXUDOL]DomR
SRUH[HUFHUDWLYLGDGHQRFLYDDRLQWHUHVVHQDFLRQDO
LL 'HQWUH RV FRPSRQHQWHV GR &RQVHOKR GD 5HS~EOLFD
GHYHKDYHUEUDVLOHLURVQDWRV &)DUW

1DFLRQDOLGDGH

'LVWLQomRHQWUH
EUDVLOHLURVQDWRV
HQDWXUDOL]DGRV

LLL1mRSRGHKDYHUH[WUDGLomR
GHEUDVLOHLURQDWRPDVSRGH
KDYHUH[WUDGLomRGHEUDVLOHLUR
1$785$/,=$'2HPFDVRGH

,&ULPHFRPXPSUDWLFDGR
DQWHVGDQDWXUDOL]DomRRX
,,'HFRPSURYDGRHQYROYLPHQWR
HPWUiILFRLOtFLWRGHHQWRUSHFHQWHV
HGURJDVDILQV
1mRLQWHUHVVDVHRFULPHIRL
FRPHWLGRDQWHVRXGHSRLVGD
QDWXUDOL]DomR

'LVWLQo}HV
SUHYLVWDV
QD&)

,%UDVLOHLURVQDWRV
LY(PSUHVD MRUQDOtVWLFD
VRPHQWH SRGH
SHUWHQFHUD

,, %UDVLOHLURV QDWXUDOL]DGRV


KiPDLVGHGH]DQRV
,,, 3HVVRDV MXUtGLFDV FRQVWLWXtGDV
VREDVOHLVEUDVLOHLUDVHTXH
WHQKDPVHGHQR3DtV
,3UHVLGHQWHH9LFH3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
,,3UHVLGHQWHGD&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV

Y&DUJRVSULYDWLYRV
GHEUDVLOHLURQDWR

,,,3UHVLGHQWHGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO
,90LQLVWURGR6XSUHPR7ULEXQDO)HGHUDO
9&DUUHLUDGLSORPiWLFD
9,2ILFLDOGDV)RUoDV$UPDGDV
9,,0LQLVWURGH(VWDGRGD'HIHVD

6HPSUH H[181&
L7LYHUFDQFHODGDVXDQDWXUDOL]DomR
SRUVHQWHQoD MXGLFLDOHPYLUWXGH GH
DWLYLGDGHQRFLYDDRLQWHUHVVHQDFLRQDO

3HUGDGD
1DFLRQDOLGDGH

3HUGHUiD
QDFLRQDOLGDGH
REUDVLOHLURTXH

LL $GTXLULU RXWUD


QDFLRQDOLGDGH
VDOYRQRFDVRV

6RPHQWHEUDVLOHLURV
QDWXUDOL]DGRV

,  'H UHFRQKHFLPHQWR GH QDFLRQDOLGDGH


RULJLQiULDSHODOHLHVWUDQJHLUD
,,'HLPSRVLomRGHQDWXUDOL]DomRSHODQRUPD
HVWUDQJHLUDDREUDVLOHLURUHVLGHQWHHPHVWDGR
HVWUDQJHLURFRPRFRQGLomRSDUDSHUPDQrQFLDHP
VHXWHUULWyULRRXSDUDRH[HUFtFLRGHGLUHLWRVFLYLV

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


22

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

'26',5(,72632/7,&26,
L6XIUiJLRXQLYHUVDO

,QVWUXPHQWRVSRUPHLRGRV
TXDLVD&)JDUDQWHRH[HUFtFLR
GDVREHUDQLDSRSXODU

LL9RWRGLUHWRVHFUHWRHLJXDOLWiULR
LLL3OHELVFLWR
LY5HIHUHQGR
Y,QLFLDWLYDSRSXODUGHOHL

'LUHLWRGHYRWDUHVHUYRWDGR
&DSDFLGDGH
HOHLWRUDO

1Ro}HV
JHUDLV

'LUHLWRGHYRWDU

L$WLYD
LL3DVVLYD

6XIUiJLR

'LUHLWRGHVHUYRWDGR

$FDSDFLGDGHHOHLWRUDODWLYDGijSHVVRDRWtWXORGH&,'$'2
2EV

/HLTXHUHJXOD
HOHLomR

3DUDSRVVXLUFDSDFLGDGHHOHLWRUDOSDVVLYDGHYHVHSRVVXLU
FDSDFLGDGHHOHLWRUDODWLYDQHFHVVDULDPHQWH

80DQRDQWHVGRSOHLWR &)DUW
7DPEpPYDOHSDUD(&

3ULQFtSLRGDDQWHULRULGDGHHOHLWRUDO

eFOiXVXODSpWUHD

6HPLQWHUPHGLiULRV
([FHSFLRQDOPHQWH
9DFkQFLDGH3UHVLGHQWHH9LFH
QRV~OWLPRVDQRVGRPDQGDWR

L'LUHWR

(OHLomR,1',5(7$SHOR
&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDOHPGLDV
6HPSXEOLFLGDGH

LL6HFUHWR

9RWR

LLL8QLYHUVDO

&OiXVXODSpWUHD
&)DUW

LY3HULyGLFR
Y/LYUH

'RV
'LUHLWRV
3ROtWLFRV

1mRKiTXDOTXHUFRQGLomRGLVFULPLQDWyULD
0DQGDWRVSRUSUD]RGHWHUPLQDGR
$OWHUQkQFLDGHSRGHU

9RWDHPTXDOTXHUFDQGLGDWREUDQFRRXQXOR

YL3HUVRQDOtVVLPR
YLL,JXDOLWiULR

1mRSRGHYRWDUSRUSURFXUDomR

&RPYDORULJXDOSDUDWRGRV
2QHPDQRQHYRWH
1DFLRQDOLGDGHEUDVLOHLUD QDWRRXQDWXUDOL]DGR
5HTXLVLWRV

7HUSHORPHQRVDQRV
$OLVWDPHQWRHOHLWRUDO
1mRVHUFRQVFULWR

D $WLYD

9RWRREULJDWyULR

3DUDRVPDLRUHVGHDQRVHPHQRUHVGHDQRV

9RWRIDFXOWDWLYR

3DUDRVPDLRUHVGHDQRV

3DUDRVPDLRUHVGHDQRVHPHQRUHVGHDQRV
$QDOIDEHWRV
1DFLRQDOLGDGHEUDVLOHLUD
RXSRUWXJXrVHTXLSDUDGR

3UHVLGHQWHH9LFHGD5HS~EOLFD
WHPTXHVHUEUDVLOHLUR1$72

3OHQRH[HUFtFLRGRVGLUHLWRVSROtWLFRV
$OLVWDPHQWRHOHLWRUDO

&DSDFLGDGH
HOHLWRUDO

'RPLFtOLRHOHLWRUDOQDFLUFXQVFULomR
)LOLDomRSDUWLGiULD

E 3DVVLYD

1mRSRGHFDQGLGDWDUVHPSDUWLGR
9HGDGDDFDQGLGDWXUDDYXOVDRXDXW{QRPD
LDQRV

&RQGLo}HVGH
HOHJLELOLGDGH

9HUHDGRU
'HSXWDGR)HGHUDO(VWDGXDORX')

,GDGHPtQLPDGH
DFRUGRFRPRFDUJR
QDGDWDGD3266(

LLDQRV

3UHIHLWR
9LFH3UHIHLWR
-XL]GHSD]

LLLDQRV

*RYHUQDGRUH9LFH*RYHUQDGRU
3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD

LYDQRV
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

9LFH3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
6HQDGRU
23

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

',5(,72632/7,&261(*$7,926
+LSyWHVHGHILQLWLYD
L&DQFHODPHQWRGDQDWXUDOL]DomRSRUVHQWHQoDWUDQVLWDGDHPMXOJDGR
LL5HFXVD DFXPSULUREULJDomR DWRGRV
LPSRVWDRXSUHVWDomRDOWHUQDWLYD
+LSyWHVHV
&)DUW

5HDGTXLUHDTXDOTXHUWHPSR
VHFXPSULUDREULJDomR
([LVWHPGRXWULQDGRUHVTXHFRORFDP
HVVDKLSyWHVHFRPRVXVSHQVmR

1mRHVWiH[SUHVVRQD&)
&)DUWFFDUW

3HUGDGRV
GLUHLWRV
SROtWLFRV

LLL3HUGDGDQDFLRQDOLGDGHEUDVLOHLUDHPYLUWXGHGHDTXLVLomRGHRXWUD
6DOYRQRV
FDVRVGH

5HFRQKHFLPHQWRGHQDFLRQDOLGDGHRULJLQiULDSHODOHLHVWUDQJHLUD
,PSRVLomRGHQDWXUDOL]DomRSHODQRUPDHVWUDQJHLUDDR
EUDVLOHLURUHVLGHQWHHP(VWDGRHVWUDQJHLURFRPRFRQGLomRSDUD
SHUPDQrQFLDHPVHXWHUULWyULRRXSDUDH[HUFtFLRGHGLUHLWRVFLYLV

9HGDGDD&$66$d2
GRVGLUHLWRVSROtWLFRV

&DVVDomRpDUHWLUDGDGRVGLUHLWRVSROtWLFRVSRU
DWRXQLODWHUDOGRSRGHUS~EOLFRVHPREVHUYkQFLD
GRVSULQFtSLRVHGDDPSODGHIHVDHFRQWUDGLWyULR
7DOSURFHGLPHQWRpFDUDFWHUtVWLFRGHJRYHUQRVGLWDWRULDLV

+LSyWHVHWHPSRUiULD
(QTXDQWRGXUDUHP
VHXVHIHLWRV

6XVSHQVmR
GRVGLUHLWRV
SROtWLFRV

'LUHLWRV
3ROtWLFRV
1HJDWLYRV

L&RQGHQDomR FULPLQDO
WUDQVLWDGDHPMXOJDGR
3UHVR

&HVVDFRPRFXPSULPHQWR
RXDH[WLQomRGDSHQD

&20VHQWHQoDMXGLFLDO
WUDQVLWDGDHPMXOJDGR

1mRYRWD

6(0VHQWHQoDMXGLFLDO
WUDQVLWDGDHPMXOJDGR

9RWD

1mRYRWD

+LSyWHVHV
(PFRQGLFLRQDO
LL,PSURELGDGH
DGPLQLVWUDWLYD

'LUHLWRVSROtWLFRV
FRQWLQXDPVXVSHQVRV

1mRSRGHVySRUSURFHVVRDGPLQLVWUDWLYR
7HPTXHVHUSRUVHQWHQoDMXGLFLDOWUDQVLWDGDHPMXOJDGR

LLL,QFDSDFLGDGHFLYLODEVROXWD

'HFODUDGDSRUVHQWHQoDMXGLFLDOWUDQVLWDGDHPMXOJDGR

3DUDTXDOTXHUFDUJRHOHWLYR
/HLQmRSRGHDPSOLDURUROGHLQHOHJLELOLGDGH$%62/87$ (PHQGDj&)SRGH
D $EVROXWD

6mR
DEVROXWDPHQWH
LQHOHJtYHLV

L,QDOLVWiYHLVHVWUDQJHLURVHFRQVFULWRV
LL$QDOIDEHWRV

$SHVDUGHSRVVXtUHPFDSDFLGDGH
HOHLWRUDODWLYD)$&8/7$7,9$

9iOLGDSDUDDOJXQVFDUJRVHOHWLYRV
/&SRGHHVWDEHOHFHUQRYDVIRUPDVGHLQHOHJLELOLGDGH

5(/$7,9$ &)DUW

L 3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD 35 *RYHUQDGRU 3UHIHLWR


H TXHPRV KRXYHUVXFHGLGR RX VXEVWLWXtGRQmR SRGHP
VHUHHOHJHUSDUDXPPDQGDWR
3RGHRFXSDURFDUJRSRUPDLVGHPDQGDWRV
2TXHQmRSRGHpPDLVGHPDQGDWRV68&(66,926
3RGHFXPSULUPDQGDWRVHVHFDQGLGDWDUD
28752&$5*2 WHPTXHGHVLQFRPSDWLELOL]DU

,QHOHJLELOLGDGHV

&KHIHVGRH[HFXWLYRQmRSUHFLVDPVH
GHVLQFRPSDWLELOL]DUSDUDFRQFRUUHUj5((/(,d2
E 5HODWLYD

6mR
UHODWLYDPHQWH
LQHOHJtYHLV

LL 35*RYHUQDGRUH3UHIHLWRSDUD FRQFRUUHUHP


D287526FDUJRVGHYHPUHQXQFLDUDVHXV
PDQGDWRVDWpPHVHVDQWHVGR3/(,72
1mRpGRWpUPLQRGR0$1'$72
LLL 6mRLQHOHJtYHLV127(55,75,2'$&,5&816&5,d2
'27,78/$5F{QMXJHHSDUHQWHVDWpJUDXGR35
*RYHUQDGRU 3UHIHLWRRX TXHP RV KRXYHU VXEVWLWXtGR
GHQWURGRVPHVHVDQWHULRUHVDRSOHLWR
,QHOHJLELOLGDGHUHIOH[D
$OFDQoDVRPHQWHDFLUFXQVFULomRGHMXULVGLomRGRWLWXODU
eLQHOHJtYHOSDUD48$/48(5&$5*2QDMXULVGLomR
GRWLWXODUHQmRVRPHQWHSDUDRFDUJRGRWLWXODU

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


24

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 2 - Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais

'263$57,'2632/7,&26
HPWRUQRGHXPPHVPRSURJUDPDSROtWLFR

2UJDQL]DomRGH
SHVVRDVUHXQLGDV

FRPD
ILQDOLGDGHGH

&RQFHLWR

DVVXPLURSRGHUHPDQWrOR
RXDRPHQRVLQIOXHQFLDUSRUPHLRGHRSRVLomR

&ULDomR
)XVmR

eOLYUHD

GRVSDUWLGRVSROtWLFRV

,QFRUSRUDomR
([WLQomR

/LEHUGDGHGHRUJDQL]DomRSDUWLGiULDQmRpDEVROXWD
L6REHUDQLDQDFLRQDO
'HYHPVHU
UHVSHLWDGRV

LL3OXUDOLVPRSDUWLGiULR
LLL5HJLPHGHPRFUiWLFR
LY'LUHLWRVIXQGDPHQWDLV
L&DUiWHUQDFLRQDO
LL3URLELomRGHUHFHELPHQWRGHGLQKHLURGH HQWLGDGH RX
JRYHUQRHVWUDQJHLURVRXYLQFXODGDDRHVWUDQJHLUR

3UHFHLWRV

'RV
3DUWLGRV
3ROtWLFRV

LL3UHVWDomRGHFRQWDVj-XVWLoD(OHLWRUDO
LY)XQFLRQDPHQWRSDUODPHQWDUGHDFRUGRFRPDOHL

9HGDGDGHXWLOL]DomRGHRUJDQL]DomRSDUDPLOLWDU
L'HILQLUVXDHVWUXWXUDLQWHUQDRUJDQL]DomRHIXQFLRQDPHQWR

/LEHUGDGH
RUJDQL]DomR
SDUWLGiULD

LL$GRWDUFULWpULRVGHHVFROKDHRUHJLPH
GHVXDVFROLJDo}HVHOHLWRUDLV
1mRpREULJDWyULDD YLQFXODomR
HQWUH DV FDQGLGDWXUDV HP kPELWR
QDFLRQDO HVWDGXDO GLVWULWDO RX
PXQLFLSDO (&

$XWRQRPLD
3DUWLGiULD
9HUWLFDOL]DomR

1mRSUHFLVDVHJXLUDIHGHUDO
12Ki PDLV
9(57,&$/,=$d2QR%UDVLO

2(67$7872GRSDUWLGRWHP
TXHFRQWHUQRUPDVVREUHD

'LVFLSOLQD
)LGHOLGDGHSDUWLGiULD

3DUWLGR3ROtWLFRpSHVVRDMXUtGLFDGHGLUHLWRSULYDGR

3HUVRQDOLGDGH
MXUtGLFD

6HFRQVROLGDTXDQGRGRUHJLVWURMXQWRDR
&DUWyULRGH5HJLVWURGH7tWXORVH'RFXPHQWRV
DGTXLUHSHUVRQDOLGDGHMXUtGLFD
'HSRLVGHDGTXLULUSHUVRQDOLGDGHMXUtGLFD
UHJLVWUDVHX(67$7872QR76(

L5HFXUVRVGR)XQGR3DUWLGiULR
7rP
GLUHLWRD

LL$FHVVRJUDWXLWRDRUiGLRHj79
LLL ,PXQLGDGH WULEXWiULD VREUH SDWULP{QLR
UHQGDHVHUYLoRV &)DUW9,F

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


25

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 3 - Organizao do Estado

25*$1,=$d2'2(67$'29,62*(5$/
&HQWUDOL]DGR
D 8QLWiULR

'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR

3UHGRPLQDPPRGHUQDPHQWH

)RUPDomRGR
(VWDGR)HGHUDGR

0RYLPHQWRFHQWUtSHWR

L3RUDJUHJDomR

(8$

LL3RUGHVDJUHJDomR

0RYLPHQWRFHQWUtIXJR
%UDVLO

6REHUDQLDGR(VWDGR)HGHUDOHDXWRQRPLDGRVHQWHVIHGHUDGRV
'HVFHQWUDOL]DomRSROtWLFD

)RUPDVGH
(VWDGR

$XWRRUJDQL]DomRGRV(VWDGRVPHPEURV
E )HGHUDomR

(QWLGDGHVDXW{QRPDV
&DUDFWHUtVWLFDV

1mRFDEH GLUHLWR
GH6(&(662

&RQVWLWXLo}HV(VWDGXDLV

1mRKiKLHUDUTXLDHQWUHHODV
8QLmRLQGLVVRO~YHOGRV(VWDGRV0HPEURV

5HJLGRVSRUXPD&RQVWLWXLomR5*,'$
UJmRUHSUHVHQWDWLYRGRV(VWDGRV0HPEURVQDYRQWDGHQDFLRQDO
5HSDUWLomRGHUHFHLWDV
8QLmRGLVVRO~YHOGH(VWDGRV
F &RQIHGHUDomR

2V(VWDGRVVmRVREHUDQRVVHQGRUHJLGRVSRUXP7UDWDGR,QWHUQDFLRQDO
&DEHGLUHLWRGHVHFHVVmR
7HPSRUDOLGDGHQRH[HUFtFLRGRSRGHU(OHWLYLGDGHGLUHWDRXLQGLUHWD

)RUPDVGH
*RYHUQR

D 5HS~EOLFD

/HJLWLPLGDGHHUHSUHVHQWDWLYLGDGHSRSXODU
'HYHUGRJRYHUQDQWHGHSUHVWDUFRQWDV
9LWDOLFLHGDGHHKHUHGLWDULHGDGH

E 0RQDUTXLD

1mRUHSUHVHQWDWLYLGDGHSRSXODU
$XVrQFLDGHSUHVWDomRGHFRQWDVSHORJRYHUQDQWH
,QGHSHQGrQFLDHQWUHRVSRGHUHVUHODo}HVUtJLGDV
&KHILDPRQRFUiWLFD

D 3UHVLGHQFLDOLVPR

2UJDQL]DomR
GR(VWDGR

0DQGDWRSRUSUD]RFHUWR
5HVSRQVDELOLGDGHGRJRYHUQRSHUDQWHRSRYR

6LVWHPDVGH
*RYHUQR

&RRSHUDomRHQWUHRVSRGHUHV/HJLVODWLYRH([HFXWLYR
&KHILDGXDO
E 3DUODPHQWDULVPR

0DQGDWRSRUSUD]RLQGHWHUPLQDGR
5HVSRQVDELOLGDGHGRJRYHUQRSHUDQWHR3DUODPHQWR

D $XWRFUDFLD

2GHVWLQDWiULRGDSROtWLFDJRYHUQDPHQWDOQmRSDUWLFLSDGHVXDHODERUDomR

L'LUHWD

2SRYRSDUWLFLSDGLUHWDPHQWH
2SRYRHOHJHRVUHSUHVHQWDQWHVH
HVVHVHODERUDPDVSROtWLFDVS~EOLFDV

LL,QGLUHWDRXUHSUHVHQWDWLYD

5HJLPHGH
*RYHUQR

0LVWRGDGHPRFUDFLDGLUHWDFRPDLQGLUHWD
E 'HPRFUDFLD

2VUHSUHVHQWDQWHVGRSRYRHODERUDP
DVSROtWLFDVS~EOLFDVPDVH[LVWHP
PHFDQLVPRVGHSDUWLFLSDomRSRSXODU

LLL6HPLGLUHWD
RXSDUWLFLSDWLYD

6XIUiJLRXQLYHUVDO
9RWRGLUHWRHVHFUHWR
3OHELVFLWR
5HIHUHQGR
,QLFLDWLYDSRSXODU

$GRWDGRSHOR%UDVLO &)DUWSDUiJUDIR~QLFR
LUJmRVUHSUHVHQWDWLYRV

&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV5HSUHVHQWDRSRYR
6HQDGR)HGHUDO5HSUHVHQWDRV(VWDGRV0HPEURV

7tSLFRV
D &DUDFWHUtVWLFDV

LL(QWHVIHGHUDGRV

7HUULWyULRV

)HGHUDomR
QR%UDVLO

8QLmRH(VWDGRV

$Q{PDORV

')H0XQLFtSLRV

12VmRHQWHVIHGHUDWLYRV
1DWXUH]DMXUtGLFDGHDXWDUTXLDWHUULWRULDO

L&OiXVXODSpWUHD
LL5HSDUWLomRGHFRPSHWrQFLDVHQWUHRVHQWHVIHGHUDGRV
LLL5LJLGH]GD&)'LILFXOWDRHVYD]LDPHQWRGHFRPSHWrQFLDVGHXPHQWH
E 0HFDQLVPRV
GHSURWHomR
jIHGHUDomR

LY,QWHUYHQomR &)DUWVD
Y&RQWUROHGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH)LVFDOL]DomRGDUHSDUWLomRGHFRPSHWrQFLDV
YL,PXQLGDGHUHFtSURFDGHLPSRVWRV &)DUW9,D

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

YLL5HSDUWLomRGDVUHFHLWDVWULEXWiULDV &)DUWD
26

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 3 - Organizao do Estado

25*$1,=$d2'2(67$'2(17(6)('(5$'26
3HVVRDMXUtGLFDGHGLUHLWRS~EOLFRLQWHUQR

8QLmR

5HSUHVHQWDD5HS~EOLFD)HGHUDWLYDGR%UDVLOQDVUHODo}HVLQWHUQDFLRQDLV
$VREHUDQLDpFDUDFWHUtVWLFDGD5HS~EOLFD)HGHUDWLYDGR%UDVLO

1mRSRVVXL62%(5$1,$

(ODERUDomRGDV
FRQVWLWXLo}HVHVWDGXDLV

3ULQFtSLRGDVLPHWULD
7XUQRVHGRVYRWRV

D $XWRRUJDQL]DomR
HOHJLVODomRSUySULD

(VWDGRV

3RGHUFRQVWLWXLQWHGHFRUUHQWH

$XWROHJLVODomROHLVHVWDGXDLV

([2UJDQL]DUSRGHUHV([HFXWLYR/HJLVODWLYRH-XGLFLiULRGR(VWDGR
3RGHU-XGLFLiULR

0XQLFtSLRQmRWHP

E $XWRJRYHUQR

0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR

&)DUWVH
F $XWRDGPLQLVWUDomR
$XWRQRPLD081,&,3$/pSULQFtSLRFRQVWLWXFLRQDOVHQVtYHO
(ODERUDomRGD/HL
2UJkQLFD0XQLFLSDO

0XQLFtSLRV

&)DUW9,,F

WXUQRVLQWHUVWtFLRPtQLPRGHGLDV
$SURYDGRSRUGRVYRWRV

0XQLFtSLRQmRWHP3RGHU&RQVWLWXLQWH'HFRUUHQWH

D $XWRRUJDQL]DomR
HOHJLVODomRSUySULD

3ULQFtSLRGDVLPHWULD
$XWROHJLVODomROHLVPXQLFLSDLV

2UJDQL]DUSRGHUHVH[HFXWLYRHOHJLVODWLYRORFDLV
E $XWRJRYHUQR

0XQLFtSLRQmRWHP-XGLFLiULRHQHP0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR
(OHLomRGLUHWDGR3UHIHLWR

F $XWRDGPLQLVWUDomR

(QWHV
)HGHUDGRV

&)DUWHDUW

7HPFRPSHWrQFLDVGH(VWDGRVH0XQLFtSLRV
2')12WHP
FRPSHWrQFLDSDUD
RUJDQL]DUHPDQWHU

'LVWULWR
)HGHUDO

7UDWDVHGH
FRPSHWrQFLD
GD81,2

3RGHU-XGLFLiULR
0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR
3ROtFLDVFLYLOHPLOLWDU
&RUSRGHERPEHLURV

&RPSHWrQFLD GH RUJDQL]DU


HPDQWHUpGR')

2EV'()(1625,$
3%/,&$'2')

12pPDLVFRPSHWrQFLD
GD81,2 (&

,QWHJUDPD8QLmR
6mRPHUDVGHVFHQWUDOL]Do}HVSHUWHQFHQWHVj8QLmR
1mRVmR HQWHV
IHGHUDGRV

1DWXUH]DMXUtGLFDGHDXWDUTXLD

$XWDUTXLDVWHUULWRULDLV

1mRLQWHJUDPR(VWDGR)HGHUDO
1mRSRVVXHPDXWRQRPLDSROtWLFD
&ULDomRWUDQVIRUPDomRHP(VWDGRRX
UHLQWHJUDomRDR(VWDGRGHRULJHP
$GPLQLVWUDWLYD

7HUULWyULRV

&DVRRVWHUULWyULRV
VHMDPFULDGRVVXD
RUJDQL]DomR

-XGLFLiULD
2UoDPHQWiULD

5HJXODGDVSRUOHLFRPSOHPHQWDUIHGHUDO
&)DUW
6HUiUHJXODGDSRUOHLRUGLQiULD
GD8QLmRHGHLQLFLDWLYDGR
3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD

7ULEXWiULD
6HUYLoRVS~EOLFRV
3HVVRDO

3RGHPRXQmRVHUGLYLGLGRVHPPXQLFtSLRV
6XDVFRQWDVVmR

-XOJDGDVSHOR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
$SyVSDUHFHUSUpYLRGR7&8

(OHJH'HSXWDGRV)HGHUDLV

1mRHOHJH6HQDGRUHV

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


27

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 3 - Organizao do Estado

25*$1,=$d2'2(67$'25(3$57,d2'(&203(71&,$6
1~FOHRGRIHGHUDOLVPR
([&)DUW

$GPLQLVWUDWLYDV

,QWURGXomR

$XWRQRPLD
SUHVVXS}H

5HSDUWLomRGH
FRPSHWrQFLDV

([&)DUWHPGLDQWH

7ULEXWiULDV
/HJLVODWLYDV

&RPSHWrQFLDVSRGHPVHUDOWHUDGDV
SRU(PHQGD&RQVWLWXFLRQDO

([&)DUW

1mRSRGHPXGDUDSRQWRGHFRPSURPHWHUDIRUPDIHGHUDWLYDGH(VWDGR

,QGHOHJiYHO
&RPSHWrQFLD$'0,1,675$7,9$

D ([FOXVLYD
GD8QLmR

&)DUW

1mRFRQIXQGLUFRPLQLFLDWLYDH[FOXVLYDUHVHUYDGDSULYDWLYDGH/HL
'HOHJiYHO
&RPSHWrQFLD/(*,6/$7,9$
5HJUD

E 3ULYDWLYD
GD8QLmR

&)DUW

'HPDLVHQWHV12SRGHPHGLWDUOHLVSDUDVXSULUDODFXQDIHGHUDO
8QLmRSRGHGHOHJDUSRU/HL&RPSOHPHQWDU

([FHomR

(VWDGRVH')SRGHPOHJLVODU
VREUHTXHVW}HVHVSHFtILFDV

6yDVHVSHFLILFDV
6yVHD8QLmRGHOHJDU

$GHOHJDomRGHYHFRQWHPSODUWRGRVRV(VWDGRVHR')
2XWURVQRPHV

3DUDOHOD
&XPXODWLYD

1mRKiVXERUGLQDomR
&RPSHWrQFLDV12/(*,6/$7,9$6
F &RPXP

&)DUW

,QWHUHVVHGDFROHWLYLGDGHLQWHUHVVHVGLIXVRV
/HLVFRPSOHPHQWDUHVIL[DUmRQRUPDVSDUDDFRRSHUDomRHQWUHD8QLmRH
RV(VWDGRVR'LVWULWR)HGHUDOHRV0XQLFtSLRVWHQGRHPYLVWDRHTXLOtEULR
GRGHVHQYROYLPHQWRHGREHPHVWDUHPkPELWRQDFLRQDO

5HSDUWLomRGH
&RPSHWrQFLDV

0XQLFtSLRV12SDUWLFLSDP
GD FRPSHWrQFLDFRQFRUUHQWH

6RPHQWH8QLmR(VWDGRVH')
5HSDUWLomRYHUWLFDOGHFRPSHWrQFLD
&RPSHWrQFLDV/(*,6/$7,9$6

7LSRVGH
FRPSHWrQFLD

&)DUW

8QLmRHGLWDQRUPDVJHUDLV
3URFHGLPHQWR

(GLWDPQRUPDVHVSHFtILFDV
(VWDGRVH')

&RPSOHPHQWDPDOHJLVODomRGD8QLmR
&RPSHWrQFLDVXSOHPHQWDU

G &RQFRUUHQWH
+iVXERUGLQDomR

$VQRUPDVGRV(VWDGRVH')GHYHPUHVSHLWDUDVGD8QLmR

8QLmR12SRGHHGLWDUQRUPDVHVSHFtILFDVSDUD(VWDGRVH')
8QLmRSRGHHGLWDUQRUPDVHVSHFtILFDVSDUDDSUySULD8QLmR
6HD8QLmRIRURPLVVD
(VWDGRVH')DGTXLUHP
FRPSHWrQFLDOHJLVODWLYD
SOHQD DXWRPiWLFD

6XSHUYHQLrQFLD
GHOHLIHGHUDO

6XVSHQGHDVHVWDGXDLV
e6863(1'( H QmR5HYRJD
6RPHQWHDSDUWHTXHOKHIRUFRQWUiULD

5HVLGXDORXUHPDQHVFHQWH
&ULDomRLQFRUSRUDomRHWFGHPXQLFtSLRV
([SORUDomRGHJiVFDQDOL]DGR
H &RPSHWrQFLD
GRV(VWDGRV

&)DUW

&)DUW

5HJL}HVPHWURSROLWDQDV
,QVWLWXLomRGH

$JORPHUDo}HVXUEDQDV

&)DUW

0LFURUUHJL}HV
2UJDQL]DomRGHVXDSUySULDMXVWLoD

&)DUW

6HUYLoRGHWUDQVSRUWHLQWHUPXQLFLSDO
/HJLVODUVREUHDVVXQWRVGHLQWHUHVVHORFDO
I &RPSHWrQFLD
GRV0XQLFtSLRV

&RPSOHWDUDOHJLVODomRIHGHUDOHHVWDGXDOQRTXHFRXEHU
LL6XSOHPHQWDU

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

&)DUW,

L([FOXVLYD

&)DUW,,
28

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 3 - Organizao do Estado

,17(59(1d2
5HJUD

1Ro}HV
JHUDLV

3ULQFtSLRGD$XWRQRPLD3ROtWLFDGDVHQWLGDGHVTXHFRPS}HPR(VWDGR)HGHUDGR
$LQWHUYHQomRRFRUUHGHIRUPDH[FHSFLRQDO &)DUWVH

$IDVWDPHQWRH[FHSFLRQDOHWHPSRUiULRGDDXWRQRPLDGHXPHQWHIHGHUDGRSRURXWUR
)XQFLRQDFRPRFRQWUROHGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH SRLVpPHGLGDSDUDID]HUFRPTXHVHREHGHoDj&)
L1RV(VWDGRV
$8QLmR
LQWHUYpP

LL1R')
LLL(P PXQLFtSLRV ORFDOL]DGRV
QRV7HUULWyULRV)HGHUDLV8QLmR12SRGHLQWHUYLUQRVPXQLFtSLRVGRV(VWDGRV
'HRItFLRSHOR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
,0DQWHUDLQWHJULGDGHQDFLRQDO
(VWUDQJHLUD

,,5HSHOLULQYDVmR
L(VSRQWkQHD

3DUD

'HXPDXQLGDGHGD)HGHUDomRHPRXWUD

,,,$FDEDUFRPJUDYHFRPSURPHWLPHQWRGDRUGHPS~EOLFD
,95HRUJDQL]DUDV
ILQDQoDVGD8QLGDGH
GD)HGHUDomRTXH

 6XVSHQGHUR SDJDPHQWRGDGtYLGDIXQGDGDSRU
PDLVGHDQRVFRQVHFXWLYRVVDOYRIRUoDPDLRU
 'HL[DUGHHQWUHJDUDRVPXQLFtSLRVUHFHLWDVWULEXWiULDV
IL[DGDVQD&)GHQWURGRVSUD]RVHVWDEHOHFLGRVHPOHL

'HSHQGHGDSURYRFDomRGHDOJXPyUJmR
23UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFDGHFUHWDDLQWHUYHQomR0DVSUHFLVDVHUSURYRFDGR
2VyUJmRVGR3RGHU-XGLFLiULRMDPDLVGHFUHWDPDLQWHUYHQomR
)DFXOWDWLYD

*RYHUQDGRURX$VVHPEOpLD
/HJLVODWLYDVROLFLWDUmRDR
3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFDD
LQWHUYHQomRIHGHUDO

,6ROLFLWDomR

D )HGHUDO

3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD12HVWiREULJDGR
3DUDJDUDQWLUROLYUH
H[HUFtFLRGRV3RGHUHV
QD8QLGDGH)HGHUDWLYD

([HFXWLYR
/HJLVODWLYR

3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFDHVWDUiREULJDGRDGHFUHWDU

7LSRVGH
,QWHUYHQomR

67)67-RX76(

3URYHUH[HFXomRGHRUGHPMXGLFLDO

L*DUDQWLUROLYUHH[HUFtFLRGR-XGLFLiULR
LL3URYRFDGD
LL3URYHUH[HFXomRGHOHLIHGHUDO

,QWHUYHQomR

3UHFLVD GD
$',Q,QWHUYHQWLYD

3UHFLVDGD$',Q,QWHUYHQWLYD
5HJLPH'HPRFUiWLFR
,,5HTXLVLomR

)RUPD5HSXEOLFDQD
67)

LLL2EVHUYkQFLD
DRVSULQFtSLRV
VHQVtYHLV

6LVWHPD5HSUHVHQWDWLYR
3ULQFtSLRV
VHQVtYHLV

'LUHLWRVGD3HVVRD+XPDQD
$XWRQRPLDGRV0XQLFtSLRV
3UHVWDomRGHFRQWDVGD
$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD
$SOLFDomRGRPtQLPRH[LJLGR
GRVLPSRVWRV(67$'8$,6
QDVD~GHHHGXFDomR

2FRUUHQRVPXQLFtSLRVORFDOL]DGRVQRSUySULR(VWDGR
L'HL[DUGHVHUSDJDDGtYLGDIXQGDGDSRU
DQRVFRQVHFXWLYRVVDOYRIRUoDPDLRU
E (VWDGXDO

+LSyWHVHVGHLQWHUYHQomR
(VWDGXDORXGD8QLmRQRV
PXQLFtSLRVGRV7HUULWyULRV

LL3UHVWDomRGHFRQWDV
LLL$SOLFDomRGRPtQLPRGDUHFHLWDPXQLFLSDOQDVD~GHHHGXFDomR
LY2EVHUYDURVSULQFtSLRVVHQVtYHLVGD&RQVWLWXLomR(VWDGXDO
Y3URYHUDH[HFXomRGHOHLGH
RUGHPRXGHGHFLVmRMXGLFLDO

$',Q,QWHUYHQWLYDHVWDGXDO

$LQWHUYHQomRp6(035(GHFUHWDGDSHOR&KHIHGR3RGHU([HFXWLYRSRUPHLRGRFKDPDGRGHFUHWRGHLQWHUYHQomR
6mRFRQVXOWDGRV LQWHUYHQomRIHGHUDO R&RQVHOKRGD5HS~EOLFDHR&RQVHOKRGH'HIHVD1DFLRQDO RSLQDWLYR
2VGHFUHWRVGHLQWHUYHQomRVRIUHP
FRQWUROHSROtWLFRGR/HJLVODWLYR

'HFUHWRGH
,QWHUYHQomR
H&RQWUROH
3ROtWLFRGR
/HJLVODWLYR

(PKRUDV
5HFHVVR

3ULPHLUDPHQWHRGHFUHWRVRPHQWHVXVSHQGHUiRDWRLPSXJQDGR HQmRVRIUHFRQWUROHSROtWLFRGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
&DVRDPHGLGDQmRVHMDVXILFLHQWHDtVLPGHFUHWDVHDLQWHUYHQomRHKiFRQWUROHGR/HJLVODWLYR
L,QWHUYHQomR)HGHUDO
,VVRRFRUUHQRV
VHJXLQWHVFDVRV
LL ,QWHUYHQomR
(VWDGXDO

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

&RQYRFDomRH[WUDRUGLQiULDHPKRUDV

L3DUDSURYHUDH[HFXomRGHOHLIHGHUDORUGHPRXGHFLVmRMXGLFLDO
LL$VVHJXUDUDREVHUYkQFLDGRVSULQFtSLRVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVVHQVtYHLV

27ULEXQDOGH -XVWLoDGHUSURYLPHQWR DUHSUHVHQWDomRSDUD DVVHJXUDU


DREVHUYkQFLDGHSULQFtSLRVLQGLFDGRVQD&RQVWLWXLomR(VWDGXDORXSDUD
SURYHUDH[HFXomRGHOHLGHRUGHPRXGHGHFLVmRMXGLFLDO

&DVRR3RGHU/HJLVODWLYRQmRDSURYHDGHFUHWDomRGDLQWHUYHQomRR&KHIHGR
([HFXWLYRGHYHUiFHVViODLPHGLDWDPHQWHVRESHQDGHFULPHGHUHVSRQVDELOLGDGH

sua
29

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 4 - Administrao Pblica

$'0,1,675$d23%/,&$
5

&RQMXQWRGHDWLYLGDGHVTXHFRVWXPDPVHUFRQVLGHUDGDVSUySULDVGDIXQomRDGPLQLVWUDWLYD
L6HUYLoRS~EOLFR
D 6HQWLGR
PDWHULDO

)XQomR
DGPLQLVWUDWLYD

LL3ROtFLDDGPLQLVWUDWLYD
LLL)RPHQWR
LY,QWHUYHQomR

&RQFHLWR

&RQMXQWRGHyUJmRVSHVVRDVMXUtGLFDVHDJHQWHVLQWHJUDQWHVGD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD
LUJmRVGDDGPLQLVWUDomRGLUHWD
E 6HQWLGR
IRUPDO

,QWHJUDGR
SRU

,$XWDUTXLDV
LL(QWLGDGHVGD
DGPLQLVWUDomRLQGLUHWD

,,)XQGDo}HVS~EOLFDV
,,,(PSUHVDVS~EOLFDV
,96RFLHGDGHVGHHFRQRPLDPLVWD

D /HJDOLGDGH

(QTXDQWRRSULQFtSLRGDOHJDOLGDGHVLJQLILFDSDUDRSDUWLFXODUDDXWRQRPLDGDYRQWDGH
&)DUW,, SDUDD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFDVLJQLILFDYRQWDGHOHJDO DUWFDSXW
2VDWRVHSURYLPHQWRVDGPLQLVWUDWLYRVVmR
LPSXWDGRVDRyUJmRRXjHQWLGDGHDTXHVH
YLQFXODRDJHQWHS~EOLFRHQmRDHOHSUySULR

L(PUHODomRj
$GPLQLVWUDomR
3~EOLFD

E ,PSHVVRDOLGDGH

LL(PUHODomRDRV
DGPLQLVWUDGRV

3ULQFtSLRV
FRQVWLWXFLRQDLV

5HODFLRQDGR
DR SULQFtSLR
GDILQDOLGDGH

,PS}HDRDGPLQLVWUDGRUS~EOLFRTXH
VySUDWLTXHRDWRSDUDRVHXILPOHJDO

5HODFLRQDGR
DR SULQFtSLR
GDLVRQRPLD

,PS}Hj$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFDWUDWDU
LJXDOPHQWHDWRGRVTXHHVWHMDPQD
PHVPDVLWXDomRIiWLFDHMXUtGLFD

2EMHWLYDVHPSUHRLQWHUHVVHS~EOLFR

7UDWDGDPRUDOMXUtGLFD REMHWLYD HQmRGDPRUDOFRPXP VXEMHWLYD


F 0RUDOLGDGH

eRFRQMXQWRGHUHJUDVGHFRQGXWDWLUDGDVGDGLVFLSOLQDLQWHULRUGD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD
5HJUD

G 3XEOLFLGDGH

([FHomR
5HTXLVLWR
GHHILFiFLD

$GPLQLVWUDomR
3~EOLFD

2VDWRVHSURYLPHQWRVGD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFDGHYHVHUS~EOLFRV
6LJLORGHGHWHUPLQDGRVDWRVGHVGHTXHOHJDOPHQWHSUHYLVWRHTXHDWHQGDDR
LQWHUHVVHS~EOLFRFRPRQRVFDVRVGHVHJXUDQoDQDFLRQDOHGHLQYHVWLJDo}HV
$SXEOLFLGDGHpUHTXLVLWRGHHILFiFLDGHDWRVDGPLQLVWUDWLYRVTXH
SURGX]DPHIHLWRVH[WHUQRVRXTXHLPSOLTXHP{QXVDRSDWULP{QLRS~EOLFR

(VWiYLQFXODGRDQRomRGHDGPLQLVWUDomRJHUHQFLDO FRQWUROHGRVUHVXOWDGRV
H (ILFLrQFLD

0D[LPL]DomRGRVUHVXOWDGRVGDDomRGD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD
&RPSHWrQFLDGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
H[HUFLGDPHGLDQWHOHL
L&ULDomRWUDQVIRUPDomRH
H[WLQomRGHFDUJRV
,QLFLDWLYDGHOHLGR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
HPSUHJRVHIXQo}HVS~EOLFDV TXDQGRVHWUDWDUGHFDUJRVIXQo}HVRXHPSUHJRV
S~EOLFRVQDDGPLQLVWUDomRGLUHWDHDXWiUTXLFD
&)DUWLQF;FFDUWLQF,,D
LL([WLQomRGHFDUJRVH
IXQo}HVS~EOLFRVYDJRV

D 1RUPDVGH
RUJDQL]DomRGD
DGPLQLVWUDomR
IHGHUDO

&RPSHWrQFLDSULYDWLYDGR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
0HGLDQWHGHFUHWRDXW{QRPR &)DUWLQF9,E

LLL&ULDomRH[WLQomRGHyUJmRV
GD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD

&RPSHWrQFLDGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
H[HUFLGDPHGLDQWHOHL
,QLFLDWLYDGHOHLGR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
&)DUWLQF;,FFDUWLQF,,H

LY2UJDQL]DomRH
IXQFLRQDPHQWRGD$GPLQ
3~EOLFDTXDQGRQmRLPSOLFDU

(VWUXWXUDV
EiVLFDV

,$XPHQWRGHGHVSHVD
,,&ULDomRH[WLQomR
GHyUJmRVS~EOLFRV

7LSRV
L3HVVRDV MXUtGLFDV
GHGLUHLWRS~EOLFR

&RPSHWrQFLDSULYDWLYDGR
3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
GHFUHWRDXW{QRPR
&)DUWLQF9,

$XWDUTXLD
)XQGDomRS~EOLFDGHGLUHLWRS~EOLFR

)RUPDGHFULDomR

/HLHVSHFtILFDFULD

)XQGDomRS~EOLFDGHGLUHLWRSULYDGR
7LSRV

(PSUHVDS~EOLFD
6RFLHGDGHGHHFRQRPLDPLVWD

E $GPLQLVWUDomR
LQGLUHWD
LL3HVVRDV
MXUtGLFDVGH
GLUHLWRSULYDGR

)RUPDGH
FULDomR

&ULDomRGH
VXEVLGLiULDV
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

/HLHVSHFtILFDDXWRUL]DFULDomR &)DUWLQF;,;
&ULDomRRFRUUHFRPDLQVFULomRGRDWRFRQVWLWXWLYR
QRUHJLVWURS~EOLFRFRPSHWHQWH &&DUW
$XWRUL]DomROHJLVODWLYDHP
FDUiWHUJHQpULFR &)DUW;;
&ULDomRRFRUUHFRPDLQVFULomRGRDWRFRQVWLWXWLYR
QRUHJLVWURS~EOLFRFRPSHWHQWH &&DUW
30

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 4 - Administrao Pblica

$'0,1,675$d23%/,&$6(59,'25(63%/,&26,
1RUPDGHHILFiFLDFRQWLGD

'HYHSUHHQFKHURVUHTXLVLWRVHVWDEHOHFLGRVQDOHL

5HTXLVLWRVSDUD
DFHVVRDFDUJRVH
HPSUHJRVS~EOLFRV

L%UDVLOHLUR

(GLWDOQmRSRGH HVWDEHOHFHU

,'HYHPVHU
SUHYLVWRVHPOHL

UHTXLVLWRVRXUHVWULo}HVDRDFHVVR

,,'HYHPREVHUYDURSULQFtSLRGDUD]RDELOLGDGH
HHVWDUUHODFLRQDGRVjQDWXUH]DGDVDWULEXLo}HV
GRFDUJRRXHPSUHJR
,,,'HYHPVHSDXWDUHPFULWpULRVREMHWLYRV

D &DUJR
HPSUHJR
HIXQomR
S~EOLFD

&)DUW,
1DIRUPDGDOHL

LL(VWUDQJHLUR

1RUPDFRQVWLWXFLRQDOGHHILFiFLDOLPLWDGD

&)DUW,
,3UHVLGHQWHH9LFH3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
,,3UHVLGHQWHGD&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRVHGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO

$FHVVR

LLL &DUJRV SULYDWLYRV


GHEUDVLOHLURQDWR

,,,0LQLVWURGR6XSUHPR7ULEXQDO)HGHUDO

&)DUW

92ILFLDOGDV)RUoDV$UPDGDV

,90LQLVWURGH(VWDGRGH'HIHVD
9,&DUUHLUDGLSORPiWLFD
(IHWLYR

L&DUJRS~EOLFR
2EULJDWyULR

LL
E &RQFXUVR
S~EOLFR
3UD]RGH
YDOLGDGH

&RPLVVmR

/LYUHQRPHDomRHH[RQHUDomR
1mRSUHFLVDGHFRQFXUVR

(PSUHJRS~EOLFR

$Wp$QRV

3URUURJiYHO

YH]SRULJXDOSHUtRGR

&)DUW,,,

'XUDQWHRSUD]RLPSURUURJiYHORDSURYDGRVHUi
FRQYRFDGRFRPSULRULGDGHVREUHQRYRVFRQFXUVDGRV

&)DUW,9
6~PXOD67)

eXPDJDUDQWLDGHRUGHPFRQVWLWXFLRQDO

6HUYLGRUHV
3~EOLFRV

D &RQFHLWR

&RQIHULGDDRFXSDQWHVGHFDUJRS~EOLFR()(7,92
9LVDDVVHJXUDUVXDSHUPDQrQFLDQRFDUJRHQTXDQWRDWHQGLGRVRVUHTXLVLWRVOHJDLV
L$SURYDomRHPFRQFXUVRS~EOLFRSDUDFDUJRS~EOLFRGHSURYLPHQWRHIHWLYR

E 5HTXLVLWRV

LL7UrVDQRVGHHIHWLYRH[HUFtFLR
LLL$YDOLDomRHVSHFLDOGHGHVHPSHQKRSRUFRPLVVmRLQVWLWXtGDSDUDHVVDILQDOLGDGH
L6HQWHQoDMXGLFLDOWUDQVLWDGDHPMXOJDGR

(VWDELOLGDGH

LL3URFHVVRDGPLQLVWUDWLYRDVVHJXUDGDDPSODGHIHVD

F +LSyWHVHVGH
SHUGDGRFDUJR
DSyVDHVWDELOLGDGH

LLL 3URFHGLPHQWR GH
DYDOLDomRSHULyGLFD
GHGHVHPSHQKR

1RUPDFRQVWLWXFLRQDOGHHILFiFLDOLPLWDGD
1DIRUPDGDOHLFRPSOHPHQWDU
&)DUW

LY&XPSULPHQWRGRVOLPLWHVFRPD
GHVSHVDFRPSHVVRDODWLYRHLQDWLYR

9HGDGD

1RUPDFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
GHHILFiFLDOLPLWDGD
&)DUW

$FXPXODomRUHPXQHUDGDGHFDUJRVHPSUHJRVRXIXQo}HV
&)DUW;9,H;9,,
FDUJRVGHSURIHVVRU
&DUJRGHSURIHVVRU FDUJRWpFQLFRRXFLHQWtILFR
+DYHQGR
FRPSDWLELOLGDGH
GHKRUiULRV

([FHWR

$FXPXODomR

FDUJRVSULYDWLYRViUHDGHVD~GH
0DQGDWRGHYHUHDGRU
3HUPLVVmRSDUDMXt]HV
H[HUFHUHPRPDJLVWpULR

&)DUWS~QLFR,

3HUPLVVmRSDUDPHPEURVGR0LQLVWpULR
3~EOLFRH[HUFHUHPRPDJLVWpULR

9HGDGD
DFXPXODomR
$FXPXODomRGHUHPXQHUDomR
FRPSURYHQWRVGHDSRVHQWDGRULD
GRUHJLPHGHSUHYLGrQFLD
SUySULRGRVVHUYLGRUHV 5336
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

&)DUW,,,

&)DUW,,G

3URYHQWRVGHDSRVHQWDGRULDGR5336FRP
5HPXQHUDomRGHFDUJRHPSUHJRRXIXQomR
&DUJRVDFXPXOiYHLVQDIRUPDGD&RQVWLWXLomR

([FHWR
SDUD

&DUJRVHOHWLYRV
&DUJRVHPFRPLVVmR

&)DUW
31

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 4 - Administrao Pblica

$'0,1,675$d23%/,&$6(59,'25(63%/,&26,,
$RVHUYLGRUS~EOLFRFLYLOpJDUDQWLGRRGLUHLWRjOLYUHDVVRFLDomRVLQGLFDO
1RUPDFRQVWLWXFLRQDOGHHILFiFLDSOHQD

'LUHLWRD
$VVRFLDomR6LQGLFDO

)L[DomRGHYHQFLPHQWRV
GRVVHUYLGRUHVS~EOLFRV

1mRSRGHVHUREMHWRGHFRQYHQomRFROHWLYD
6~PXOD67)

)L[DGDHPSDUFHOD~QLFD

0RGDOLGDGHGHUHPXQHUDomR
FRQIHULGDDFHUWRVFDUJRV

9HGDGRRDFUpVFLPRGHJUDWLILFDomRDGLFLRQDO
DERQRSUrPLRYHUEDGHUHSUHVHQWDomRRXRXWUD
HVSpFLHUHPXQHUDWyULD

&KHIHVGR3RGHU([HFXWLYR
0LQLVWURVGH(VWDGR
2EULJDWyULR
SDUD

D 6XEVtGLR

6HFUHWiULRV(VWDGXDLVH0XQLFLSDLV
3RGHU/HJLVODWLYR
3RGHU-XGLFLiULR

0HPEURVGR

0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR
7ULEXQDLVGH&RQWDV

3RGHPDGRWDU

6HUYLGRUHVS~EOLFRVRUJDQL]DGRVHPFDUUHLUD

E 9HQFLPHQWRV UHPXQHUDomRHPVHQWLGRHVWULWR
$SOLFDGRDRVVHUYLGRUHVHVWDWXWiULRV

5HWULEXLomRSHFXQLiULDSHORH[HUFtFLRGRFDUJRS~EOLFR
&RPSRVLomR

9HQFLPHQWRV

9HQFLPHQWREiVLFR
GRFDUJR

9DQWDJHQVSHFXQLiULDV
SHUPDQHQWHV

2YHQFLPHQWRGRFDUJRHIHWLYRDFUHVFLGRGHYDQWDJHQVSHUPDQHQWHVpLUUHGXWtYHO

6HUYLGRUHV
3~EOLFRV

F 6DOiULR

&RQWUDSUHVWDomRSHFXQLiULDSDJDDRVHPSUHJDGRVS~EOLFRV

6XEVtGLRGR0LQLVWURGR67)
L8QLmR

6LVWHPD
5HPXQHUDWyULR

)L[DGRSRUOHLGHLQLFLDWLYDGR67)

eRWHWRJHUDOSDUDWRGRVRV3RGHUHV
HPWRGDVDVHVIHUDVGD)HGHUDomR
3RGHU([HFXWLYR

3RGHU/HJLVODWLYR

6XEVtGLRGR*RYHUQDGRU
6XEVtGLRGRV'HSXWDGRV
(VWDGXDLV 'LVWULWDLV

6XEVtGLRGRV'HVHPEDUJDGRUHVGR
7ULEXQDOGH-XVWLoDOLPLWDGRD
GRVXEVtGLRGR0LQLVWURGR67)
LL(VWDGRV')

3RGHU
-XGLFLiULR

/LPLWHDSOLFiYHO
WDPEpPDRV

,0HPEURVGR
0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR
,,3URFXUDGRUHV
,,,'HIHQVRUHV3~EOLFRV

H /LPLWHV

)DFXOWDGRDRV(VWDGRV')IL[DUFRPROLPLWH
~QLFRRVXEVtGLRGRV'HVHPEDUJDGRUHVGR70HGLDQWHHPHQGDj&RQVWLWXLomR(VWDGXDO
2EV

LLL0XQLFtSLRV

1mRVHDSOLFDROLPLWHDRVXEVtGLR
GRV 'HSXWDGRV (VWDGXDLV'LVWULWDLV
QHPGRV9HUHDGRUHV

6XEVtGLRGR3UHIHLWR
&)DUW

LY6DOiULR GRV
HPSUHJDGRV
S~EOLFRV

$SOLFDELOLGDGHGRWHWRVRPHQWHjVHVWDWDLVTXH
UHFHEHUHPUHFXUVRVGRHQWHSROtWLFRSDUDSDJDPHQWR
GHGHVSHVDVGHSHVVRDORXGHFXVWHLRHPJHUDO

Y 3DUFHODV GH FDUiWHU


LQGHQL]DWyULRSUHYLVWDVHPOHL

1mRVmRFRPSXWDGDVQDDSOLFDomRGRWHWR
&)DUW

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


32

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 4 - Administrao Pblica

$'0,1,675$d23%/,&$6(59,'25(63%/,&26,,,
([HUFLGRQRVWHUPRVHQRVOLPLWHV
GHILQLGRVHPOHLHVSHFtILFD

'LUHLWR
GH*UHYH
67)

1RUPDFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
GHHILFiFLDOLPLWDGD
&)DUW9,,

$SOLFDomRHQTXDQWRQmRHGLWDGDDOHLTXHUHJXODPHQWDRLQFLVR9,,GR
DUWGD&)QRTXHFRXEHUGDOHLGHJUHYHYLJHQWHQRVHWRUSULYDGR

6HUYLGRUHVS~EOLFRVWLWXODUHVGHFDUJRHIHWLYR
D $EUDQJrQFLD

$SOLFDVH R 5HJLPH
*HUDO GH 3UHYLGrQFLD
6RFLDO &)DUW

&DUJRHPFRPLVVmR

1mRVHDSOLFD

(PSUHJRS~EOLFR

DRRFXSDQWHGH

&DUJRWHPSRUiULR
3DUDFRQFHVVmRGHDSRVHQWDGRULDRTXHLPSRUWDpRWHPSR
GHFRQWULEXLomR HQmRRWHPSRGHVHUYLoR

L 5HJLPH
FRQWULEXWLYR
E &DUDFWHUtVWLFDV

LL5HJLPH
VROLGiULR

/HJLWLPRXDH[LJrQFLDGHFRQWULEXLomRGRV
DSRVHQWDGRVHSHQVLRQLVWDV &)DUW

&DOFXODGRVDSDUWLUGDVUHPXQHUDo}HVXWLOL]DGDVFRPR
EDVHSDUDFRQWULEXLomRGRVHUYLGRUQDIRUPDGDOHL
F 3URYHQWRV GH
DSRVHQWDGRULD

5HSUHVHQWRXRILPGDVDSRVHQWDGRULDVFRPSURYHQWRVLQWHJUDLVSDUD
RVVHUYLGRUHVTXHLQJUHVVDUDPQRVHUYLoRS~EOLFRGHSRLVGD(&
$(&VXSULPLXDUHJUDTXHDVVHJXUDYDSDULGDGHHQWUHRVSURYHQWRV
GHDSRVHQWDGRULDHSHQVmRHDUHPXQHUDomRGRVVHUYLGRUHVDWLYRV
3URYHQWRVSURSRUFLRQDLVDRWHPSRGHFRQWULEXLomR
L$FLGHQWHHPVHUYLoR
LL0ROpVWLDSURILVVLRQDO
LLL'RHQoDJUDYHFRQWDJLRVDRXLQFXUiYHO
L,QYDOLGH]
SHUPDQHQWH

6HUYLGRUHV
3~EOLFRV

([FHWR

LY 6HUYLGRUHV DSRVHQWDGRV SRU LQYDOLGH]


TXHWHQKDPLQJUHVVDGRQR VHUYLoR
S~EOLFRDWp (&
2VSURYHQWRVVHUmRFDOFXODGRVFRPEDVH
QRYDORUGDUHPXQHUDomRGRFDUJRHIHWLYR
HPTXHVHGHUDDSRVHQWDGRULDDVVHJXUDGD
DSDULGDGHGHUHDMXVWHFRPRVDWLYRV

5HJLPHGH
3UHYLGrQFLD
3UySULRGRV
6HUYLGRUHV
3~EOLFRV

3URYHQWRVSURSRUFLRQDLVDRWHPSRGHFRQWULEXLomR
LL&RPSXOVyULD

DQRV
5HTXLVLWRGH
WHPSRPtQLPR
SDUDRVGRLVFDVRV

LLL9ROXQWiULD
H +LSyWHVHVGH
DSRVHQWDGRULD

DQRVGHHIHWLYRH[HUFtFLR
QRVHUYLoRS~EOLFR
DQRVQRFDUJRHIHWLYRHP
TXHVHGDUiDDSRVHQWDGRULD

3URYHQWRVFDOFXODGRVDSDUWLUGDV
UHPXQHUDo}HVXWLOL]DGDVFRPREDVH
SDUDDVFRQWULEXLo}HVGRVHUYLGRU
,3URYHQWRV
QmR
SURSRUFLRQDLV
DRWHPSRGH
FRQWULEXLomR

,GDGHPtQLPD
+RPHP

0XOKHU

&DVRV

DQRV

7HPSRGH
FRQWULEXLomR

DQRV

,GDGHPtQLPD

DQRV

7HPSRGH
FRQWULEXLomR

DQRV

2EV3URIHVVRUH[FOXVLYRGDHGXFDomRLQIDQWLO
HGRHQVLQRIXQGDPHQWDOHPpGLR
7HPSRGHFRQWULEXLomRHLGDGHUHGX]LGRVHPDQRV
1mRYDOHSDUDSURIHVVRUHVXQLYHUVLWiULRV
,,3URYHQWRV
SURSRUFLRQDLVDR
WHPSRGHFRQWULEXLomR

+RPHP
0XOKHU

DQRV

,GDGHPtQLPD
,GDGHPtQLPD

DQRV

%HQHItFLRFRQFHGLGRDRVHUYLGRUTXHSHUPDQHFHWUDEDOKDQGR
DSyVWHUFXPSULGRWRGRVRVUHTXLVLWRVSDUDDDSRVHQWDGRULD
YROXQWiULDQmRSURSRUFLRQDODRWHPSRGHFRQWULEXLomR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

I $ERQRGH
SHUPDQrQFLD

6HUYLGRUILFDGLVSHQVDGRGRSDJDPHQWRGDFRQWULEXLomRSUHYLGHQFLiULD
DWpFRPSOHWDUDVH[LJrQFLDVSDUDDDSRVHQWDGRULDFRPSXOVyULD
33

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 5 - Poder Legislativo

&20326,d2'232'(5/(*,6/$7,92
5HSUHVHQWDQWHVGRSRYR
6LVWHPDSURSRUFLRQDO
'LYLVmRGRQ~PHURWRWDOGHYRWRVYiOLGRV
GHVFRQWDGRVRVQXORVHEUDQFRV SHOR
Q~PHURGHFDGHLUDVRIHUHFLGDVQDHOHLomR
4XRFLHQWH
HOHLWRUDO 4(

'HWHUPLQDRQ~PHURPtQLPRGHYRWRVTXHFDGDSDUWLGR
GHYHUiDOFDQoDUSDUDHOHJHUXPGHSXWDGRIHGHUDO
2SDUWLGRTXHQmRREWLYHUR4(HVWDUiIRUDGDGLVSXWD
'LYLVmRGRQ~PHURGHYRWRVTXHRSDUWLGRRX
FROLJDomRREWHYHSHORTXRFLHQWHHOHLWRUDO 4(
'HWHUPLQDRQ~PHURGHYDJDVTXHR
SDUWLGRRXDFROLJDomRWHUmRGLUHLWR

4XRFLHQWH
SDUWLGiULR 43

$GLVWULEXLomRGDVYDJDVGHQWURGR
SDUWLGRSDXWDUVHiSHODYRWDomRTXH
FDGDFDQGLGDWRGRSDUWLGRREWHYH

2EV

$GRWDGRQR%UDVLO

6LVWHPD
HOHLWRUDO
&ULWpULR
GDPDLRU
PpGLD

D &kPDUDGRV
'HSXWDGRV

'LVWULEXLomR
GDVVREUDV
GHYDJDV

)HGHUDO
&RQJUHVVR
1DFLRQDO

$YDJDILFDFRPRSDUWLGRTXHREWLYHUD
PDLRUPpGLDGDUHODomRHQWUHRWRWDOGH
YRWRVREWLGRVHDVFDGHLUDVRFXSDGDV
3DUDDSXUDUDPDLRUPpGLDDWULEXLVH
ILFWDPHQWHPDLVXPDYDJDDWRGRVRV
SDUWLGRVSROtWLFRV

2EV

6HDVREUDIRUGHPDLVGHXPD
YDJDKDYHUiVXFHVVLYDV
DSXUDo}HVGDPDLRUPpGLDSDUD
DWULEXLomRGHFDGDXPDGDVYDJDV

&ULWpULRGDPDLRU
%UDVLO
QmR
DGRWD

&RPSRVLomR
GR3RGHU
/HJLVODWLYR

YRWDomRJOREDO

&ULWpULR
GDPDLRU
VREUD

$YDJDILFDFRPR
SDUWLGRTXHREWLYHUD
PDLRUYRWDomRJOREDO

$YDJDILFDFRPRSDUWLGR
TXHDSyVDGLVWULEXLomRLQLFLDO
GHFDGHLUDVSHUPDQHFHUFRP
DPDLRUVREUDGHYRWRV

'HILQLGRSRU/HL&RPSOHPHQWDUSURSRUFLRQDOPHQWHjSRSXODomR
1~PHURGH
UHSUHVHQWDQWHV

0tQLPRGHHPi[LPRGHGHSXWDGRV
GHSXWDGRV

7HUULWyULR
DQRV

7HPSRGHPDQGDWR

$VVHJXUDDUHSUHVHQWDWLYLGDGHGHVVHVHQWHV
SROtWLFRVQDIRUPDomRGDRUGHPMXUtGLFDQDFLRQDO

5HSUHVHQWDQWHVGRV
HVWDGRVHGR')
6LVWHPD
HOHLWRUDO

E 6HQDGR
)HGHUDO

6LVWHPDPDMRULWiULRVLPSOHV
(OHJHVHRFDQGLGDWRTXHREWLYHURPDLRUQ~PHURGHYRWRV
H[FOXtGRVRVEUDQFRVHQXORVHPWXUQR~QLFRGHYRWDomR

1~PHURGH
UHSUHVHQWDQWHV

7HPSRGH
PDQGDWR

SRUHVWDGRV')
$IRUPDSDULWiULDDVVHJXUDRHTXLOtEULRIHGHUDWLYR

DQRV
5HQRYDomRSDUFLDOGRVLQWHJUDQWHV
5HQRYDomRDOWHUQDGDGRVVHQDGRUHVGHHPDQRVSRUH
8QLFDPHUDO

3RGHU/HJLVODWLYRGRV
HVWDGRV')HPXQLFtSLRV

 1RV (VWDGRV


')H0XQLFtSLRV

(VWDGRV
')

$VVHPEOHLDOHJLVODWLYD

&kPDUD/HJLVODWLYD

0XQLFtSLRV

&kPDUDPXQLFLSDO

2EV3RGHU/HJLVODWLYR)HGHUDO%LFDPHUDO
Prof. Roberto Troncoso
34

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 5 - Poder Legislativo

32'(5/(*,6/$7,92&20,66(63$5/$0(17$5(6
5

1Ro}HVJHUDLV

6mRyUJmRVFROHJLDGRVFRPSRVWRVSRUQ~PHURUHVWULWRGHPHPEURVSRGHQGRVHUFRQVWLWXtGDV
SRUFDGD&DVDRXDLQGDVHUHPLQWHJUDGDVSRUGHSXWDGRVHVHQDGRUHV FRPLVV}HVPLVWDV

'RWDGDVGHFDUiWHUWpFQLFROHJLVODWLYR

&RPLVV}HV
SHUPDQHQWHV

$SUHFLDPDVVXQWRVRXSURSRVLo}HV GLVFXWHPYRWDPRXHPLWHPSDUHFHUHV HH[HUFHPR


DFRPSDQKDPHQWRGRVSODQRVHSURJUDPDVJRYHUQDPHQWDLVHDILVFDOL]DomRRUoDPHQWiULD
GD8QLmRQRkPELWRGRVUHVSHFWLYRVFDPSRVWHPiWLFRVHiUHDVGHDWXDomR
([&RPLVVmRGH&RQVWLWXLomRH-XVWLoD&&&ULDGDVSDUDDSUHFLDUDVVXQWRGHWHUPLQDGR

&RPLVV}HV
WHPSRUiULDV

6HH[WLQJXHPDRWpUPLQRGDOHJLVODWXUDRXDQWHV
([&RPLVVmR3DUODPHQWDUGH,QTXpULWR&3,
)XQomRILVFDOL]DWyULD
$WXDomRWtSLFDGR
3RGHU/HJLVODWLYR

&RQWUROHSROtWLFRDGPLQLVWUDWLYR

$LQYHVWLJDomRGD&3,pXPSURFHGLPHQWR
LQYHVWLJDWyULR GHQDWXUH]DMXUtGLFRFRQVWLWXFLRQDO

L5HTXHULPHQWRGHGRVPHPEURV
5HTXLVLWRV

&RQFOXV}HV

LL$SXUDomRGHIDWRGHWHUPLQDGR
LLL)L[DomRGHSUD]RFHUWRSDUDFRQFOXVmRGRVWUDEDOKRV
6HUmRHQFDPLQKDGDVDR0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR
&RQYRFDULQYHVWLJDGRVHWHVWHPXQKDVSDUDGHSRU
,QYHVWLJDU QHJyFLRV HQWUH SDUWLFXODUHV
GHVGHTXHUHODFLRQDGRVDRLQWHUHVVHS~EOLFR
'HWHUPLQDUDFRQGXomRFRHUFLWLYDGHWHVWHPXQKD
QRFDVRGHUHFXVDDRFRPSDUHFLPHQWR
'HWHUPLQDUDTXHEUDGRVVLJLORVEDQFiULRILVFDOHWHOHI{QLFR
$&3,
SRGH

&RPLVV}HV
3DUODPHQWDUHV

,QYHVWLJDUIDWRVTXHVHMDPREMHWRVGH
LQTXpULWRVSROLFLDLVRXGHSURFHVVRVMXGLFLDLV
&RQYRFDU PDJLVWUDGRV SDUD GHSRU VREUH
DSUiWLFDGHDWRVDGPLQLVWUDWLYRV
&RQYRFDULQGtJHQDSDUDGHSRUGHVGHTXHQDUHVSHFWLYDFRPXQLGDGH
HFRPSUHVHQoDGHUHSUHVHQWDQWHGD)XQDLHGHDQWURSyORJR
&RQYRFDU0LQLVWURGH(VWDGRH0HPEURGR03SDUDGHSRU
'HWHUPLQDUGLOLJrQFLDVSHUtFLDVHH[DPHVTXHHQWHQGHUHPQHFHVViULRV
8WLOL]DUVHGHSROtFLDMXGLFLiULDSDUDORFDOL]DUWHVWHPXQKD
5HTXLVLWDU GH UHSDUWLo}HV S~EOLFDV LQIRUPDo}HV
HGRFXPHQWRVGHVHXLQWHUHVVH

&RPLVVmR
3DUODPHQWDUGH
,QTXpULWR &3,

'HVUHVSHLWDURGLUHLWRDRVLOrQFLRHDRVLJLORSURILVVLRQDO
&RQIHULUSXEOLFLGDGHLQGHYLGDDRVGDGRV
VLJLORVRVREWLGRVHPGHFRUUrQFLDGDLQYHVWLJDomR

'HFUHWDUDLQGLVSRQLELOLGDGHGRV

EHQVHRXWUDVPHGLGDVFDXWHODUHV 2SRGHUJHUDOGHFDXWHODp
SUHUURJDWLYDGR3RGHU-XGLFLiULR
 VHTXHVWURDUUHVWRGHEHQV

3UHUURJDWLYDV
HYHGDo}HV

$XWRUL]DULQWHUFHSWDomR
WHOHI{QLFD JUDYDomRGH
FRQYHUVDVWHOHI{QLFDV

$&3,
QmR
SRGH

&OiXVXODGHUHVHUYDGHMXULVGLomR
6LJLORGDVFRPXQLFDo}HVWHOHI{QLFDV
0HGLGDFDEtYHOVRPHQWHPHGLDQWHRUGHP
MXGLFLDOSDUDILQVGHLQYHVWLJDomR
FULPLQDORXLQVWUXomRSURFHVVXDOSHQDO
&)DUWLQF;,,

'HFUHWDUDEXVFDHD
DSUHHQVmRGRPLFLOLDU
GHGRFXPHQWRV

,QYLRODELOLGDGH
GRGRPLFtOLR&)DUWLQF;,
0HGLGDSDVVtYHOVRPHQWHSRURUGHPMXGLFLDO

&RQYRFDUPDJLVWUDGRVSDUDGHSRUVREUHD
SUiWLFDGHDWRGHQDWXUH]DMXULVGLFLRQDO

'HFUHWDUDSULVmRGR GHSRHQWH
VDOYRHPVLWXDomRGHIODJUDQWHGHOLWR
FRPRIDOVRWHVWHPXQKRSRUH[HPSOR

&OiXVXOD GH
UHVHUYDGHMXULVGLomR
3UHUURJDWLYDGR-XGLFLiULR

3URLELULQYHVWLJDGRGHDXVHQWDUVHGR3DtV
,PSHGLUDSUHVHQoDGHDGYRJDGRGRVGHSRHQWHVHPVXDVUHXQL}HV
2IHUHFHUGHQ~QFLDDR3RGHU-XGLFLiULR
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

3URFHVVDUMXOJDUFRQGHQDUDSXUDUUHVSRQVDELOLGDGHFLYLORX
SHQDOGRLQYHVWLJDGRSRLVWUDWDVHGHSURFHGLPHQWRLQYHVWLJDWyULR
35

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 5 - Poder Legislativo

$75,%8,d(6'232'(5/(*,6/$7,92
/HJLVODU
L7tSLFDV

)XQo}HV
LL$WtSLFDV

)LVFDOL]DU
-XGLFDQWH

([HUFHFRPDX[tOLRGR7&8RFRQWUROHH[WHUQR &)DUW
-XOJDPHQWRGRVFULPHVGHUHVSRQVDELOLGDGH &)DUWLQF,H,,

$GPLQLVWUDWLYD

L0DWpULDVGLVFLSOLQDGDVPHGLDQWHGHFUHWROHJLVODWLYR1mRVHVXEPHWHjVDQomRRXYHWRGR3UHVLGHQWH
LL 5HVROYHU GHILQLWLYDPHQWH VREUH WUDWDGRV DFRUGRV RX DWRV LQWHUQDFLRQDLV TXH
DFDUUHWHPHQFDUJRVRXFRPSURPLVVRVJUDYRVRVDRSDWULP{QLRQDFLRQDO
LLL$XWRUL]DUR3UHVLGHQWHDGHFODUDUJXHUUDDFHOHEUDUDSD]DSHUPLWLUTXHIRUoDV
HVWUDQJHLUDVWUDQVLWHPSHORWHUULWyULRQDFLRQDORXQHOHSHUPDQHoDPWHPSRUDULDPHQWH
LY$XWRUL]DUR3UHVLGHQWHHR9LFHDVHDXVHQWDUHPGR3DtVTXDQGRDDXVrQFLDH[FHGHUDGLDV
Y$SURYDURHVWDGRGHGHIHVDHDLQWHUYHQomRIHGHUDODXWRUL]DUR
HVWDGRGHVtWLRRXVXVSHQGHUTXDOTXHUXPDGHVVDVPHGLGDV

&RQJUHVVR
1DFLRQDO

YL6XVWDURVDWRVQRUPDWLYRVGR3RGHU([HFXWLYRTXHH[RUELWHPGR
SRGHUUHJXODPHQWDURXGRVOLPLWHVGHGHOHJDomROHJLVODWLYD
YLL)L[DULGrQWLFRVXEVtGLRSDUD'HSXWDGRV)HGHUDLVH6HQDGRUHV
YLLL)L[DURVVXEVtGLRVGR3UHVLGHQWHHGR9LFHHGRV0LQLVWURVGH(VWDGR
L[ -XOJDUDQXDOPHQWHDVFRQWDVSUHVWDGDVSHOR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
HDSUHFLDURVUHODWyULRVVREUHDH[HFXomRGRVSODQRVGHJRYHUQR
[)LVFDOL]DUHFRQWURODUGLUHWDPHQWHRXSRUTXDOTXHUGHVXDV&DVDVRVDWRVGD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFDIHGHUDO
[L$SUHFLDURVDWRVGHFRQFHVVmRHUHQRYDomRGHFRQFHVVmRGHHPLVVRUDVGHUiGLRHWHOHYLVmR
[LL(VFROKHUGRVPHPEURVGR7&8
[LLL$XWRUL]DUUHIHUHQGRHFRQYRFDUSOHELVFLWR
L$XWRUL]DUSRUGHVHXVPHPEURVDLQVWDXUDomRGHSURFHVVRFRQWUDR3UHVLGHQWHHR9LFH
LL$XWRUL]DUSRUGHVHXVPHPEURVDLQVWDXUDomRGHSURFHVVRFRQWUD0LQLVWURVGH(VWDGRQRVFULPHV
FRPXQVHGHUHVSRQVDELOLGDGHFRQH[RVFRPRVGHPHVPDQDWXUH]DLPSXWDGRVDR3UHVLGHQWH

&kPDUDGRV
'HSXWDGRV

$WULEXLo}HV
GR3RGHU
/HJLVODWLYR

LLL3URFHGHU j WRPDGD GH FRQWDV GR 3UHVLGHQWH TXDQGR QmR DSUHVHQWDGDV DR


&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDOGHQWURGHGLDVDSyVDDEHUWXUDGDVHVVmROHJLVODWLYD
LY'LVSRU VREUH VXD RUJDQL]DomR IXQFLRQDPHQWR SROtFLD FULDomR WUDQVIRUPDomR RX
H[WLQomRGRVFDUJRVHPSUHJRVHIXQo}HVGHVHXVVHUYLoRVHDLQLFLDWLYDGHOHLSDUD
IL[DomRGDUHVSHFWLYDUHPXQHUDomRREVHUYDGRVRVSDUkPHWURVHVWDEHOHFLGRVQD/'2
L 3URFHVVDUHMXOJDUR3UHVLGHQWHHR9LFHQRVFULPHV
GHUHVSRQVDELOLGDGHEHP FRPR RV0LQLVWURVGH
(VWDGR H RV &RPDQGDQWHV GDV )RUoDV $UPDGDV QRV
FULPHVGDPHVPDQDWXUH]DFRQH[RVFRPDTXHOHV

3UHVLGLUiR3UHVLGHQWHRGR67)
&RQGHQDomRGRVYRWRVGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO
6DQomR

LL3URFHVVDUHMXOJDURV 0LQLVWURV GR67)


RVPHPEURVGR&1-HGR&103R3*5H
R$*8QRVFULPHVGHUHVSRQVDELOLGDGH

3HUGDGRFDUJRFRPLQDELOLWDomRSRU
DQRVSDUDRH[HUFtFLRGHIXQomRS~EOLFD

3UHVLGLUiR3UHVLGHQWHRGR67)
&RQGHQDomRGRVYRWRVGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO
6DQomR

3HUGDGRFDUJRFRPLQDELOLWDomRSRURLWR
DQRVSDUDRH[HUFtFLRGHIXQomRS~EOLFD

0DJLVWUDGRVQRVFDVRVHVWDEHOHFLGRVQD&)
0LQLVWURVGR7&8LQGLFDGRVSHOR3UHVLGHQWH
LLL$SURYDUSUHYLDPHQWHSRUYRWRVHFUHWR
DSyVDUJXLomRS~EOLFDDHVFROKDGH

*RYHUQDGRUGH7HUULWyULR
3UHVLGHQWHHGLUHWRUHVGREDQFRFHQWUDO
3URFXUDGRU*HUDOGD5HS~EOLFD 3*5
7LWXODUHVGHRXWURVFDUJRVTXHDOHLGHWHUPLQDU

6HQDGR
)HGHUDO

LY$SURYDUSUHYLDPHQWHSRUYRWRVHFUHWRDSyVDUJXLomRVHFUHWDD
HVFROKDGRVFKHIHVGHPLVVmRGLSORPiWLFDGHFDUiWHUSHUPDQHQWH
Y $XWRUL]DU RSHUDo}HV H[WHUQDV GH QDWXUH]D ILQDQFHLUD GH LQWHUHVVH
GD8QLmRGRV(VWDGRVGR')GRV7HUULWyULRVHGRV0XQLFtSLRV
YL)L[DUSRUSURSRVWDGR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFDOLPLWHVJOREDLVSDUDR
PRQWDQWHGDGtYLGDFRQVROLGDGDGD8QLmRGRV(VWDGRVGR')HGRV0XQLFtSLRV
YLL'LVSRUVREUHOLPLWHVJOREDLVHFRQGLo}HVSDUDDVRSHUDo}HVGHFUpGLWRH[WHUQRHLQWHUQRGD8QLmRGRV(VWDGRV
GR')HGRV0XQLFtSLRVGHVXDVDXWDUTXLDVHGHPDLVHQWLGDGHVFRQWURODGDVSHOR3RGHU3~EOLFRIHGHUDO
YLLL'LVSRUVREUHOLPLWHVHFRQGLo}HVSDUDDFRQFHVVmRGHJDUDQWLDGD8QLmRHPRSHUDo}HVGHFUpGLWRH[WHUQRHLQWHUQR
L[(VWDEHOHFHUOLPLWHVJOREDLVHFRQGLo}HVSDUDRPRQWDQWHGDGtYLGDPRELOLiULDGRV(VWDGRVGR')HGRV0XQLFtSLRV
[6XVSHQGHUDH[HFXomRQRWRGRRXHPSDUWHGHOHLGHFODUDGDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOSRUGHFLVmRGHILQLWLYDGR67)
[L$SURYDUSRUPDLRULDDEVROXWDHSRUYRWRVHFUHWRDH[RQHUDomRGHRItFLR
GR3URFXUDGRU*HUDOGD5HS~EOLFDDQWHVGRWpUPLQRGHVHXPDQGDWR
[LL'LVSRU VREUH VXD RUJDQL]DomR IXQFLRQDPHQWR SROtFLD FULDomR WUDQVIRUPDomR RX H[WLQomR GRV FDUJRV
HPSUHJRVHIXQo}HVGHVHXVVHUYLoRVHDLQLFLDWLYDGHOHLSDUDIL[DomRGDUHVSHFWLYDUHPXQHUDomR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

[LLL$YDOLDU SHULRGLFDPHQWH D IXQFLRQDOLGDGH GR 6LVWHPD 7ULEXWiULR 1DFLRQDO HP VXD HVWUXWXUD H VHXV FRPSRQHQWHV
HRGHVHPSHQKRGDVDGPLQLVWUDo}HVWULEXWiULDVGD8QLmRGRV(VWDGRVHGR')HGRV0XQLFtSLRV
36

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 5 - Poder Legislativo

32'(5/(*,6/$7,92(67$7872'26&21*5(66,67$6
'HSXWDGRVHVHQDGRUHVVmRLQYLROiYHLVFLYLOH
SHQDOPHQWHSRUVXDVRSLQL}HVSDODYUDVHYRWRV

,PXQLGDGH
PDWHULDO

'HYHKDYHUUHODomRGHSHUWLQrQFLDHQWUHDPDQLIHVWDomR
GRSDUODPHQWDUHRH[HUFtFLRGRPDQGDWRHOHWLYR
0RPHQWR

'HVGHDGLSORPDomR

7UDWDVHGHLPXQLGDGHSURFHVVXDO
L)ODJUDQWHGHFULPH
LQDILDQoiYHO

1mRSRGHUmR VHU
SUHVRVVDOYR

D (PUHODomR
jSULVmR

LL 6HQWHQoD MXGLFLDO


WUDQVLWDGDHPMXOJDGR

$XWRVVHUmRUHPHWLGRVGHQWURGHKRUDV
j&DVDUHVSHFWLYDSDUDTXHSHORYRWRGRV
VHXVPHPEURVUHVROYDVREUHDSULVmR
2EV

,PXQLGDGHSDUDFULPHSUDWLFDGR
DQWHVRXDSyVDGLSORPDomR

eDSRVVLELOLGDGHGHVXVWDomRGRDQGDPHQWRGR
SURFHVVRGHFRUUHQWHGHFULPHSUDWLFDGRDSyVD
GLSORPDomRSRUGHOLEHUDomRGHPDLRULDDEVROXWD
GDUHVSHFWLYD&DVDGDGDDLQLFLDWLYDGHSDUWLGR
SROtWLFRQHODUHSUHVHQWDGR

,PXQLGDGH
IRUPDO

67)SURFHVVDHMXOJDVHP
QHFHVVLGDGHGHDXWRUL]DomR

(VWDWXWRGRV
&RQJUHVVLVWDV
E (PUHODomR
DRSURFHVVR

&ULPHSUDWLFDGR
DSyVD
'LSORPDomR

67)GiFLrQFLDj
&DVD/HJLVODWLYD
3DUWLGRSROtWLFRQHOD
UHSUHVHQWDGRSRGHUi
VROLFLWDUDVXVWDomRGR
SURFHVVR

&ULPHSUDWLFDGRDQWHV
GD'LSORPDomR

)RURSRU
SUHUURJDWLYD
GHIXQomR

1mRKiLPXQLGDGH

2VGHSXWDGRVHVHQDGRUHVGHVGHDH[SHGLomRGR
GLSORPDVHUmRVXEPHWLGRVDMXOJDPHQWRSHUDQWHR67)

1mRDOFDQoDDVDo}HVGHQDWXUH]DFtYHO
DMXL]DGDVFRQWUDFRQJUHVVLVWDV

L0LQLVWURGH(VWDGR
2VFRQJUHVVLVWDVQmR
SHUGHUmRRPDQGDWRVH
LQYHVWLGRVQRVFDUJRVGH

$IDVWDPHQWR
GR3RGHU
/HJLVODWLYR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

LL*RYHUQDGRUGH7HUULWyULR
LLL6HFUHWiULRGH(VWDGRGR')GH
7HUULWyULRGH3UHIHLWXUDGH&DSLWDO
LY&KHIHGHPLVVmR
GLSORPiWLFDWHPSRUiULD

3DUODPHQWDUDIDVWDGR
SDUDH[HUFtFLRGHFDUJR
QR3RGHU([HFXWLYR

1mROHYDFRQVLJRDV
LPXQLGDGHVPDWHULDOHIRUPDO
0DQWpPR GLUHLWRDRIRUR
SRUSUHUURJDWLYDGHIXQomR
37

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 5 - Poder Legislativo

75,%81$/'(&217$6'$81,27&8
27&8pyUJmRWpFQLFRTXHDX[LOLDR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDOQD
IXQomRGRFRQWUROHH[WHUQRQmR OKHVHQGRVXERUGLQDGR

&RQFHLWR

UJmRFRQVWLWXFLRQDODXW{QRPR

3RVVXLDWULEXLo}HVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVSUySULDV

D 2EMHWLYD

$ILVFDOL]DomRHQYROYHDViUHDVFRQWiELOR UoDPHQWiULDILQDQFHLUDR SHUDFLRQDOSDWULPRQLDO


6HVXEPHWHPjILVFDOL]DomR
QRkPELWRIHGHUDO

8QLmR
(QWLGDGHVGDDGPLQLVWUDomRGLUHWDHLQGLUHWD

E 6XEMHWLYD

6LJQLILFDFRQIRUPLGDGHFRPDOHL

L/HJDOLGDGH
&ULWpULRGDV
ILVFDOL]Do}HV

&RQIRUPLGDGHFRP
DVQRUPDVMXUtGLFDV

LL/HJLWLPLGDGH

F &ULWpULRV

LLL(FRQRPLFLGDGH

)LVFDOL]DomR
&RQWiELO
)LQDQFHLUD H
2UoDPHQWiULD

&RQJUHVVR
1DFLRQDO
G &RPSHWrQFLD
&DGD3RGHU

/HL
3ULQFtSLRVJHUDLVGRGLUHLWR

$IHULomRGDHILFLrQFLDHUD]RDELOLGDGHGRVFXVWRV

2&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDOpRWLWXODUGRFRQWUROH
H[WHUQRGDDGPLQLVWUDomRS~EOLFDIHGHUDO

&)DUW

27&8DX[LOLDR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
QRH[HUFtFLRGRFRQWUROHH[WHUQR
&DGD3RGHUWHUiRVHXVLVWHPDGHFRQWUROHLQWHUQR

3UHVWDUiFRQWDVTXDOTXHUSHVVRDItVLFDRXMXUtGLFDS~EOLFDRXSULYDGD
TXHXWLOL]HDUUHFDGHJXDUGHJHUHQFLHRXDGPLQLVWUHGLQKHLURVEHQV
HYDORUHVS~EOLFRVRXSHORVTXDLVD8QLmRUHVSRQGDRXTXHHPQRPH
GHVWDDVVXPDREULJDo}HVGHQDWXUH]DSHFXQLiULD &)DUW~QLFR
$GPLQLVWUDomRGLUHWDHLQGLUHWD
)XQGRVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLV
26H26&,3TXDQWRDRVUHFXUVRVS~EOLFRVUHFHELGRV

7ULEXQDO
GH&RQWDV
GD8QLmR

H 'HYHUGH
SUHVWDU
FRQWDV

&RQVHOKRVGHUHJXODPHQWDomRSURILVVLRQDO
$EUDQJrQFLD

6HUYLoRVVRFLDLVDXW{QRPRV
%HQHILFLiULRVGHEROVDGHHVWXGRVRX
SURMHWRVGHSHVTXLVDILQDQFLDGRVSRU

&134
&DSHV

'HPDLVSHVVRDVTXHXWLOL]HPDUUHFDGHP
JHUHQFLHPRXDGPLQLVWUHPUHFXUVRVS~EOLFRV
27&8pLQWHJUDGRSRU0LQLVWURV
,QWHJUDGRVSRUFRQVHOKHLURV &)DUW~QLFR

2EV7ULEXQDLVGH&RQWDVGRV(VWDGRV

L1DFLRQDOLGDGHEUDVLOHLUD
LL0DLVGHDQRVHPHQRVGH
D 5HTXLVLWRVSDUD
QRPHDomRGH
0LQLVWURGR7&8

LLL,GRQHLGDGHPRUDOHUHSXWDomRLOLEDGD
LY1RWyULRV FRQKHFLPHQWRV MXUtGLFRV FRQWiEHLV HFRQ{PLFRV
HILQDQFHLURVRXGHDGPLQLVWUDomRS~EOLFD
Y([SHULrQFLDGHPDLVGHDQRVGHH[HUFtFLRGHIXQomRRXGHHIHWLYD
DWLYLGDGHSURILVVLRQDOTXHH[LMDRVFRQKHFLPHQWRVPHQFLRQDGRV

0LQLVWURV

(VFROKLGRVSHOR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
&ULWpULRGHHVFROKD

/LYUHHVFROKD

(VFROKLGRSHOR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD

&RPSRVLomR

E 3URFHVVRV
GHHVFROKD
GRV0LQLVWURV


0LQLVWURV

&ULWpULRGH
HVFROKD

0LQLVWURHVFROKLGRGHQWUHRV$XGLWRUHV
0LQLVWURV6XEVWLWXWRV
0LQLVWURHVFROKLGRGHQWUHRVPHPEURVGR037&8
0LQLVWURGHOLYUHHVFROKD

F 1RPHDomRGRV0LQLVWURV

&RPSHWrQFLDGR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD

L'RV0LQLVWURV

7HUmRDVPHVPDVJDUDQWLDVSUHUURJDWLYDVLPSHGLPHQWRV
YHQFLPHQWRVHYDQWDJHQVGRV0LQLVWURVGR6XSHULRU
7ULEXQDOGH-XVWLoD67- &)DUW
4XDQGRHP
VXEVWLWXLomRD0LQLVWUR

G 3UHUURJDWLYDV
LL 'RV $XGLWRUHV
0LQLVWUR6XEVWLWXWR

4XDQGRQRH[HUFtFLR
GDVGHPDLVDWULEXLo}HV
GDMXGLFDWXUD

7HUmRDVPHVPDVJDUDQWLDV
HLPSHGLPHQWRVGRWLWXODU
7HUmRDVPHVPDVJDUDQWLDVH
LPSHGLPHQWRVGHMXL]GH7ULEXQDO
5HJLRQDO)HGHUDO75)

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


38

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 5 - Poder Legislativo

&203(71&,$6&2167,78&,21$,6'27&8
L $SUHFLDUDVFRQWDVDQXDLV
GR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
PHGLDQWHSDUHFHUSUpYLR

&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
LL -XOJDU
DVFRQWDV

(PLWHRSDUHFHUSUpYLR

6RPHQWHDSUHFLD
DVFRQWDV

7&8

GtDVDFRQWDUGRUHFHELPHQWR

3UD]RSDUDHODERUDomRGRSDUHFHU

UJmRFRPSHWHQWHSDUDMXOJDUDVFRQWDVDQXDLVGR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD

'RVDGPLQLVWUDGRUHVHGHPDLVUHVSRQViYHLVSRUGLQKHLUREHQVHYDORUHVS~EOLFRVGDDGPLQLVWUDomRGLUHWD
HLQGLUHWD LQFOXtGDVDVIXQGDo}HVHVRFLHGDGHVLQVWLWXtGDVHPDQWLGDVSHOR3RGHU3~EOLFR)HGHUDO
'DTXHOHVTXHGHUHPFDXVDDSHUGDH[WUDYLRRXRXWUDLUUHJXODULGDGHGHTXHUHVXOWHSUHMXt]RDRHUiULR

([FHWXDGDVDV QRPHDo}HV
SDUDFDUJRVHPFRPLVVmR

$GPLVVmRGHSHVVRDO DTXDOTXHUWtWXORQDDGPLQLVWUDomR
GLUHWDHLQGLUHWDLQFOXtGDVDVIXQGDo}HVS~EOLFDV

PELWRGDDGPLQLVWUDomRIHGHUDOGLUHWDHLQGLUHWD

6RPHQWHGRVDJHQWHVDGPLQLVWUDWLYRV
,$WRVGH
DGPLVVmR

1RPHDomRSDUDFDUJRVGHSURYLGHQWHHIHWLYR
$SUHFLD

2EV

&RQWUDWDomR

1mRDSUHFLD

(PSUHJRV
7HPSRUiULRV

1RPHDomRSDUDFDUJRVGHSURYLPHQWRHPFRPLVVmR
$GPLVVmRGHDJHQWHVSROtWLFRV

&RQFHVV}HVGHDSRVHQWDGRULDV
UHIRUPDVHSHQV}HV

LLL$SUHFLDU
SDUDILQVGH
UHJLVWURD
OHJDOLGDGHGH

&RPSHWrQFLDV
&RQVWLWXFLRQDLV
GR 7&8
&)DUW

,,$WRVGH
FRQFHVVmRGH
DSRVHQWDGRULD
UHIRUPDHSHQVmR

$SUHFLD QRV
FDVRVGH

2VDWRVGHDGPLVVmRGH
SHVVRDOHGHFRQFHVVmRGH
DSRVHQWDGRULDVUHIRUPDVH
SHQV}HVVmRGHQRPLQDGRV
DWRVVXMHLWRVDUHJLVWUR

6~PXOD
9LQFXODQWH
67)
2EV

1RFDVRGH
LOHJDOLGDGH
GRDWR

DOWHUHPRIXQGDPHQWROHJDOGRDWRFRQFHVVyULR

$JHQWHVDGPLQLVWUDWLYRV
([ 0LQLVWUR67)

$JHQWHVSROtWLFRV

$SHUIHLoRDPHQWRGRDWR
FRQGLomRGHSHUIHLomR
7UDWDVH
GHDWR
FRPSOH[R

6RPHQWHDSyVRUHJLVWURGR7&8

$WRMXUtGLFRQmRSHUIHLWR
$QWHVGR
5HJLVWUR

1mRVHRSHUDDGHFDGrQFLDSUHYLVWDQRDUW
GD/HLQRSHUtRGRFRPSUHHQGLGRHQWUHR
DWRDGPLQLVWUDWLYRFRQFHVVLYRGHDSRVHQWDGRULD
RXSHQVmRHRSRVWHULRUMXOJDPHQWRGHVXD
OHJDOLGDGHHUHJLVWURSHOR7&8

$VVHJXUDRFRQWUDGLWyULRHDDPSODGHIHVDQRVSURFHVVRVSHUDQWHR7&8TXHSRVVDP
UHVXOWDUDQXODomRRXUHYRJDomRGHDWRDGPLQLVWUDWLYRTXHEHQHILFLHRLQWHUHVVDGR

([FHomR

$EUDQGDPHQWR
GD6~PXOD
9LQFXODQWH

5HVVDOYDGDVDVPHOKRULDVSRVWHULRUHVTXHQmR

$SUHFLDomRGDOHJDOLGDGHGRDWRGHFRQFHVVmRLQLFLDO
GHDSRVHQWDGRULDUHIRUPDHSHQVmR

27&8GHYHDVVHJXUDUDDPSODGHIHVDHRFRQWUDGLWyULRQRVFDVRVHP
TXHRFRQWUROHH[WHUQRGHOHJDOLGDGHH[HUFLGRSHOD&RUWHGH&RQWDVSDUD
UHJLVWURGHDSRVHQWDGRULDVHSHQV}HVXOWUDSDVVDURSUD]RGHDQRVVRE
SHQDGHRIHQVDDRSULQFtSLRGDFRQILDQoD UHIHUHQWHjVHJXUDQoDMXUtGLFD
7&8QHJD
RUHJLVWUR

$LQGDQmRKiDWRMXUtGLFRSHUIHLWR

5HJLVWURGR7&8pFRQGLomRUHVROXWLYD

UJmRGHRULJHPGHYHUiDGRWDUPHGLGDVUHJXODUL]DGRUDVFDEtYHLV

L3RULQLFLDWLYDSUySULD
LY5HDOL]DU LQVSHo}HV
HDXGLWRULDV

LL3RUVROLFLWDomRGR
&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO

&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV
6HQDGR)HGHUDO
&RPLVVmRWpFQLFDRXGHLQTXpULWR

8P~QLFRGHSXWDGRRXVHQDGRUQmR
WHPOHJLWLPLGDGHSDUDLQGLYLGXDOPHQWH
VROLFLWDULQVSHo}HVHDXGLWRULDV

Y)LVFDOL]DUDVFRQWDVQDFLRQDLVGDVHPSUHVDVVXSUDQDFLRQDLV
YL)LVFDOL]DUDDSOLFDomRGRVUHFXUVRVGD8QLmRUHSDVVDGRVDHVWDGRVDR')RXDRVPXQLFtSLRV
YLL3UHVWDULQIRUPDo}HVVROLFLWDGDVSHOR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDOSRUVXDV&DVDVRX&RPLVV}HVVREUHILVFDOL]Do}HVUHDOL]DGDV
YLLL$SOLFDUVDQo}HVHGHWHUPLQDUDFRUUHomRGHLOHJDOLGDGHVHLUUHJXODULGDGHVHPDWRVHFRQWUDWRV
L[ 6XVWDUVHQmRDWHQGLGRDH[HFXomRGR
DWRLPSXJQDGR FRPXQLFDQGR D GHFLVmR j
&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRVHDR6HQDGR)HGHUDO

1RFDVRGHFRQWUDWRRDWRGHVXVWDomRVHUiDGRWDGRGLUHWDPHQWHSHOR&RQJUHVVR
1DFLRQDOTXHVROLFLWDUiGHLPHGLDWRj$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFDDVPHGLGDVFDEtYHLV
6HR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDORXD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFDQRSUD]RGHGLDV
QmRHIHWLYDUDVPHGLGDVSUHYLVWDVR7&8GHFLGLUiDUHVSHLWR

[ (PLWLU SURQXQFLDPHQWR FRQFOXVLYR SRU VROLFLWDomR GD &RPLVVmR 0LVWD 3HUPDQHQWH GH
6HQDGRUHVH'HSXWDGRVVREUHGHVSHVDVUHDOL]DGDVVHPDXWRUL]DomR &)DUW
[L $SXUDU GHQ~QFLDV DSUHVHQWDGDV SRU TXDOTXHU FLGDGmR SDUWLGR SROtWLFR DVVRFLDomR
RXVLQGLFDWRVREUHLUUHJXODULGDGHVRXLOHJDOLGDGHV &)DUW
[LL )L[DURVFRHILFLHQWHVGRVIXQGRVGHSDUWLFLSDomRGRV
HVWDGRVGR')GRVPXQLFtSLRVHILVFDOL]DUDHQWUHJD
DRVJRYHUQRVHVWDGXDLVHjVSUHIHLWXUDVPXQLFLSDLV
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

27&8QmRHIHWXDRFiOFXORGRVYDORUHV
UHODWLYRVDR)3(H)30DVHUHP
UHSDVVDGRVDRVHVWDGRVHPXQLFtSLRV

&iOFXORUHDOL]DGR
SHOD671

27&8IL[DRVFRHILFLHQWHVLQGLYLGXDLVGHSDUWLFLSDomR &)DUW
39

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

352&(662/(*,6/$7,929,62*(5$/
eDVHTXrQFLDGHDWRVTXHGHYHPVHUFXPSULGRV
SDUDDGHYLGDIRUPDomRGDVQRUPDVMXUtGLFDV
L(PHQGD&RQVWLWXFLRQDO (&
LL/HL2UGLQiULD /2
D &RQFHLWRGH
3URFHVVR
/HJLVODWLYR

LLL/HL&RPSOHPHQWDU /&

eRSURFHGLPHQWR
GHVWLQDGRjHODERUDomRGH

LY/HL'HOHJDGD /'HO
Y0HGLGD3URYLVyULD 03
YL'HFUHWR/HJLVODWLYR 'HF/HJ
YLL5HVROXo}HV 5HV

6mR QRUPDV SULPiULDV


PDVQmRVmRREMHWRGR
SURFHVVROHJLVODWLYR
1mRKiKLHUDUTXLDHQWUH
DVHVSpFLHVQRUPDWLYDV

1Ro}HV
JHUDLV
E +LHUDUTXLD
HQWUHHVSpFLHV
QRUPDWLYDV

'HFUHWR$XW{QRPR
5HVROXo}HVGH7ULEXQDLV
([FHWR(PHQGD&RQVWLWXFLRQDO
9HU3LUkPLGH1RUPDWLYD

+iKLHUDUTXLDHQWUH &RQVWLWXLomR
)HGHUDO  &RQVWLWXLomR (VWDGXDO H
/HL2UJkQLFD0XQLFLSDO

9HU3LUkPLGH1RUPDWLYD

1mRKiKLHUDUTXLDHQWUH OHLV
IHGHUDLVHVWDGXDLVHPXQLFLSDLV

([LVWHFRQIOLWRGHFRPSHWrQFLD
9HU3LUkPLGH1RUPDWLYD

'HULYDPGLUHWDPHQWHGD&)
F 1RUPDV
SULPiULDV

,QRYDPRGLUHLWR
3RVVXHPLJXDOKLHUDUTXLDVDOYR(PHQGD&RQVWLWXFLRQDO
&DGDXPDWHPXPFDPSRGHDWXDomRHVSHFtILFR SULQFtSLRGDHVSHFLDOLGDGH

3URFHVVR
/HJLVODWLYR

$VHVSpFLHVOHJLVODWLYDV
QmRVmRFOiXVXODVSpWUHDV
2EV

3RGHPVHUPRGLILFDGDVSRU(&
([(&DOWHURXUHJUDVGDV03V

7RGRVRVSURFHGLPHQWRVGRSURFHVVROHJLVODWLYRVmRQRUPDVGHUHSURGXomR
REULJDWyULDQRV(VWDGRVH0XQLFtSLRVQRTXHFRXEHU $',5-0&

6mRDWRVQRUPDWLYRVSULPiULRV
D 1Ro}HV
E ,JXDOGDGHV

3URFHGLPHQWROHJLVODWLYRHPIDVHV

L0DWHULDO
 REMHWR

/HL&RPSOHPHQWDU
/HL2UGLQiULD

F 'LIHUHQoDV

/HL2UGLQiULDYV
/HL&RPSOHPHQWDU

3ULQFtSLRGDHVSHFLDOLGDGH

1mRKiKLHUDUTXLDHQWUHHODV

LL)RUPDO
 TXyUXPGHDSURYDomR

+LSyWHVHVSUHYLVWDV
WD[DWLYDPHQWHQD&)

5HVLGXDO
/HL&RPSOHPHQWDU
/HL2UGLQiULD

G &DVRVRQGHXPD/HL
&RPSOHPHQWDUSRGHVHU
DOWHUDGDRXUHYRJDGDSRU
XPD/HL2UGLQiULD

0DLRULD$EVROXWD

0DLRULD6LPSOHV

L 4XDQGR D /HL &RPSOHPHQWDU WUDWDU


GHPDWpULDGH/HL2UGLQiULD
LL4XDQGRD PDWpULDQR SDVVDGRHUDUHVHUYDGD
j/HL&RPSOHPHQWDUPDVGHL[RXGHVHUHP
YLUWXGHGHXPDQRYD&)RXGH(&
1HVVHVGRLVFDVRVDSHVDUGHFRQWLQXDUVHQGR
FKDPDGDGH/HL&RPSOHPHQWDUHODIXQFLRQDUi
FRPR/HL2UGLQiULD
)RUPDOPHQWH

/HL&RPSOHPHQWDU

2EV
0DWHULDOPHQWH
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

/HL2UGLQiULD
sua
40

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

3,50,'(1250$7,9$

CF + Emenda Constitucional
+
Tratados internacionais sobre
Direitos Humanos aprovados
pelo procedimento especial

Tratados internacionais sobre


Direitos Humanos aprovados pelo
procedimento ordinrio
(SUPRALEGAL)

Lei Ordinria + Lei Complementar + Lei Delegada + Decreto


Legislativo + Resoluo da Cmara, do Senado, do Congresso
e dos Tribunais + Medida Provisria + Decreto Autnomo +
Tratados internacionais SEM SER sobre Direitos Humanos
aprovados pelo procedimento ordinrio

Decreto REGULAMENTAR, Portaria, Resoluo, Instruo Normativa e


demais normas infralegais

3,50,'(1250$7,9$

Constituio
Federal
Constituio
Estadual
Lei Orgnica Municipal


3,50,'(1250$7,9$


Lei
Lei
Lei
Municipal
Federal Estadual

41

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

352&(662/(*,6/$7,9225',15,2
3DUODPHQWDU
D  ,QLFLDWLYD SDUODPHQWDU
HH[WUDSDUODPHQWDU

3URMHWRGH/HLLQLFLDGRSRU'HSXWDGRRX6HQDGRU
3URMHWRGH/HLLQLFLDGRSRUTXDOTXHU
RXWUROHJLWLPDGRTXHQmRRSDUODPHQWDU

([WUDSDUODPHQWDU

([ 3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD67)LQLFLDWLYDSRSXODU

3RGHPSURSRUOHLVVREUHTXDOTXHUFRLVDVDOYRLQLFLDWLYDSULYDWLYD
1R%UDVLOQmRH[LVWHLQLFLDWLYDJHUDOSOHQD

1LQJXpPSRGHSURSRUTXDOTXHUOHL
VREUHTXDOTXHUDVVXQWRVHPH[FHo}HV

L'HSXWDGRRX6HQDGRU
E  ,QLFLDWLYD
JHUDO

&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV &'
3RVVXHP
LQLFLDWLYDJHUDO

LL&RPLVVmRGD

6HQDGR)HGHUDO 6)
&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO &1

LLL3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD 35
LY,QLFLDWLYDSRSXODU
2WLWXODUVySRGHSURSRUOHLSDUDPDWpULDVHVSHFtILFDV
F ,QLFLDWLYDUHVWULWD
G ,QLFLDWLYD
FRQFRUUHQWH

([(VWDWXWRGD0DJLVWUDWXUDpGHLQLFLDWLYDUHVWULWDGR-XGLFLiULR &)DUW
0DLVGHXPDSHVVRDSRGHSURSRUOHLVREUHDPHVPDPDWpULD
([2UJDQL]DomRGR038 FRQFRUUHQWHHQWUHR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFDHR3*5

4XDQGRSUHFLVDGHRXPDLVSHVVRDV-817$6SDUDLQLFLDUOHL
H ,QLFLDWLYD
FRQMXQWD

1mRH[LVWHPDLVQR%UDVLO
OWLPRH[HPSORQR%UDVLO
6XEVtGLRGRV0LQLVWURVGR67)

(5$FRQMXQWDHQWUHVRV3UHVLGHQWHVGD5HS~EOLFDGD
&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRVGR6HQDGR)HGHUDOHGR67)

eLQVWUXPHQWRGDVREHUDQLDSRSXODU

,QLFLDWLYD

$SHQDVLQLFLDRSURFHGLPHQWROHJLVODWLYR

1RUHVWRVHJXHRPHVPR
SURFHGLPHQWRGDV/HLV2UGLQiULDV

23DUODPHQWRSRGHUHMHLWDURXHPHQGDUR3URMHWRGH/HLSURSRVWRSRULQLFLDWLYDSRSXODU
'HYHVHUDSUHVHQWDGDj&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV

3URFHVVR
/HJLVODWLYR
2UGLQiULR

I  ,QLFLDWLYD
SRSXODU

6RPHQWHFDEHLQLFLDWLYDSRSXODUHP
/HL2UGLQiULDH/HL&RPSOHPHQWDU

1mRFDEHLQLFLDWLYD SRSXODU
HP3(&HPDWpULDUHVHUYDGD

0tQLPRGRHOHLWRUDGRQDFLRQDO
8QLmR
5HTXLVLWRVGD
LQLFLDWLYDSRSXODU

0tQLPR(VWDGRV
0tQLPRHOHLWRUHVGHFDGD(VWDGR

0XQLFtSLRV

GRHOHLWRUDGRGR0XQLFtSLR

2OHJLWLPDGRpREULJDGRDLQLFLDURSURFHVVROHJLVODWLYR
J ,QLFLDWLYD YLQFXODGD 
REULJDWyULD

([/HLV RUoDPHQWiULDV
33$/'2/2$

23UHVLGHQWHpREULJDGRDDSUHVHQWDU
RVSURMHWRVGHOHLVRUoDPHQWiULDV

K ,QLFLDWLYDGDPDLRULDDEVROXWDGRVPHPEURVGHTXDOTXHUGDV&DVDVGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
6HR3/IRUUHMHLWDGR
QDIDVHGHGLVFXVVmR
HYRWDomR

1mRSRGHQRYRSURMHWRVREUHRPHVPRWHPDQDPHVPD
VHVVmROHJLVODWLYDRUGLQiULD6/2IHYDGH]

5HJUD

([FHomR

3RGHQRYRSURMHWRVREUHRPHVPRWHPDQDPHVPD6/2SHOD
DSURYDomRGD0DLRULD$EVROXWDGRVPHPEURVGHTXDOTXHUGDV&DVDV

2FRUUHTXDQGRR3/SRGHVHU
SURSRVWRVRPHQWHSRUXPDSHVVRD
L,QLFLDWLYD
SULYDWLYD 
UHVHUYDGD 
H[FOXVLYD

)DVHFRQVWLWXWLYD

1mRSRGHVHUGHOHJDGD

/HJLVODWLYRH-XGLFLiULRQmRSRGHPIL[DUSUD]R REULJDU
SDUDTXHRWLWXODUH[HUoDDLQLFLDWLYDUHVHUYDGD
3(&QmRSRVVXLLQLFLDWLYDSULYDWLYD6RPHQWH3URMHWRGH/HL 3/
6mRQRUPDVGHUHSURGXomRREULJDWyULDQDV&RQVWLWXLo}HV(VWDGXDLV

9HU0DSD0HQWDOGD)DVH&RQVWLWXWLYD
'HFODUDomRGHH[LVWrQFLDGDOHLHVXDLQVHUomRQRRUGHQDPHQWRMXUtGLFR
3URPXOJD/(,HQmR3URMHWRGH/HL
3UD]R

)DVH
FRPSOHPHQWDU

D 3URPXOJDomR

KRUDV

$/HLpSURPXOJDGDSHOR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
6HR3UHVLGHQWHQmRSURPXOJDU

3UHVLGHQWHGR6HQDGRRID] SUD]RKRUDV

6HR3UHVLGHQWHGR6HQDGRQmRSURPXOJDU

29LFH3UHVLGHQWHGR6HQDGRRID]

3UHVVXSRVWRGHHILFiFLDGDOHL
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

E 3XEOLFDomR

$OHLVySRGHVHUH[LJLGD VyWHPHILFiFLD GHSRLVGHSXEOLFDGD


42

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

)$6(&2167,787,9$,'(/,%(5$d23$5/$0(17$5
L'HOLEHUDomR3DUODPHQWDU

$)DVH&RQVWLWXWLYDpGLYLGLGDHP

)DVH
&RQVWLWXWLYD

LL'HOLEHUDomR([HFXWLYD
9HU0DSD0HQWDO'HOLEHUDomR3DUODPHQWDU

'HOLEHUDomR3DUODPHQWDU

9HU0DSD0HQWDO'HOLEHUDomR([HFXWLYD

'HOLEHUDomR([HFXWLYD

(PUHJUDD&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRVpD&DVD,QLFLDGRUD

4XHPp
D&DVD
,QLFLDGRUD"

26HQDGR)HGHUDO
pD&DVD,QLFLDGRUD
VRPHQWHHPFDVRV

L3/GHLQLFLDWLYDGH6HQDGRU
LL3/GHLQLFLDWLYDGDV&RPLVV}HVGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO
LLL3/SURSRVWRSRU&RPLVVmR0LVWD

$OWHUQDGDPHQWHHQWUH&kPDUDH6HQDGR

([DPHIRUPDO

'H&RQVWLWXLomRH-XVWLoD &&-

,3/WUDPLWDQDV
FRPLVV}HV

3DUHFHU7HUPLQDWLYR REULJDWyULR

3DUHFHUQmRREULJDWyULR RSLQDWLYR

7HPiWLFDV

([DPHPDWHULDO

3RGHKDYHUHPHQGDVQDVFRPLVV}HVQR
3OHQiULRHQRV3/VGHLQLFLDWLYDSULYDWLYD
&RQJUHVVLVWDV

3RGHPVHU
SURSRVWDVSHORV

&RPLVV}HV3DUODPHQWDUHV
'HWHQWRUHVGDLQLFLDWLYDSULYDWLYD GLYHUJrQFLDGRXWULQiULD

,,(PHQGDV
1mRSRGHKDYHU
DXPHQWRGH
GHVSHVDQRV3/GH
L&DVD
,QLFLDGRUD

,QLFLDWLYD H[FOXVLYD
GR3UHVLGHQWH

6DOYROHLVRUoDPHQWiULDV

2UJDQL]DomR GD &DPDUD GRV 'HSXWDGRV


GR 6HQDGR)HGHUDOGRV7ULEXQDLV
)HGHUDLVHGR0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR

,,,$SyVGLVFXVVmRHYRWDomRGHQWURGDV&RPLVV}HVR
3/pHQYLDGRDR3OHQiULRSDUDGLVFXVVmRHYRWDomR
$VFRPLVV}HVSRGHPDSURYDU YRWDU
R3/VHPSDVVDUSHOR3OHQiULR
3RUGHOHJDomR
LQWHUQDFRUSRULV

9RWDomRGR3/
QRkPELWRGDV
FRPLVV}HV

'HOLEHUDomR
3DUODPHQWDU

3DUDDJLOL]DUDDWLYLGDGHOHJLVODWLYD
&)DUW,

,VVRSRGHRFRUUHUQDVGXDV&DVDVRXVHMDXP3/
SRGHVHUDSURYDGR YLUDUOHL VHPMDPDLVWHUSDVVDGR
SHOR3/(15,2GD&kPDUDRXGR6HQDGR
&DEHUHFXUVRGH
GRVPHPEURVGD&DVD

3URFHGLPHQWR

1HVVHFDVRYDLSDUDR3OHQiULR
6HJXHSDUDD&DVD5HYLVRUD

,9$SURYDGRSHOD&DVD,QLFLDGRUD FRPRXVHPHPHQGDV
95HMHLWDGRSHOD&DVD,QLFLDGRUD

$UTXLYD,UUHSHWLELOLGDGH &)DUW

,$SURYD

6HJXHSDUDVDQomRRXYHWRGR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD

,,5HMHLWD

$UTXLYD,UUHSHWLELOLGDGH &)DUW
9ROWDSDUDD&DVD,QLFLDGRUDTXH
VRPHQWHDSUHFLDUiRTXHIRLPRGLILFDGR
$SURYDUDVHPHQGDV

LL&DVD
5HYLVRUD
,,,(PHQGD

$&DVD
,QLFLDGRUD
SRGH

6HJXHSDUDDVDQomRGR3UHVLGHQWH

6HJXHSDUDDVDQomRGR3UHVLGHQWH
GRPHVPRMHLWR HVHPDVHPHQGDV
 5HMHLWDUDV
HPHQGDV

$YRQWDGHGD&DVD,QLFLDGRUDSUHYDOHFH
1mRKiKLHUDUTXLDHQWUH
&DVD,QLFLDGRUDH5HYLVRUD
+i35('20,11&,$GD&DVD
,1,&,$'25$VREUHD5HYLVRUD

9HGDGDVXEHPHQGD HPHQGDGDHPHQGD
1D &DVD 5HYLVRUD
R3/WDPEpPSDVVD
SHODVFRPLVV}HV

$SyVDV&RPLVV}HVYDLD3OHQiULR LJXDOFRPRQD&DVD,QLFLDGRUD
$&DVD5HYLVRUDWDPEpPSRGHDSURYDUXP3/VRPHQWHQRkPELWRGDV
&RPLVV}HV GHOHJDomRLQWHUQDFRUSRULV LJXDOQD&DVDLQLFLDGRUD

LLL6DLQGR GD &DVD5HYLVRUD FDVRDSURYDGRVHP HPHQGDV RX


QRYDPHQWHGD&DVD,QLFLDGRUD FDVRWHQKDKDYLGRHPHQGDV
6HJXHSDUDDXWyJUDIR

eDUHSURGXomRGRFRQWH~GRILQDOTXHR3URMHWRGH/HLWHUi
'DTXLVHJXHSDUDDGHOLEHUDomRGR3UHVLGHQWH VDQomRRXYHWR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


43

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

)$6(&2167,787,9$,,'(/,%(5$d2(;(&87,9$

$)DVH&RQVWLWXWLYDpGLYLGLGDHP

)DVH
&RQVWLWXWLYD

'HOLEHUDomR3DUODPHQWDU
'HOLEHUDomR([HFXWLYD
$SURYDomRGDOHL

D 3UD]R

6DQomR

L'HOLEHUDomR3DUODPHQWDU
LL'HOLEHUDomR([HFXWLYD
9HU0DSD0HQWDO'HOLEHUDomR3DUODPHQWDU

9HU0DSD0HQWDO'HOLEHUDomR([HFXWLYD

$VDQomRID]R3URMHWRGH/HLYLUDU/HL

GLDV~WHLV

E 6DQomRWiFLWD

2FRUUHVHR3UHVLGHQWHGHL[DUSDVVDURSUD]RVHPVHPDQLIHVWDU

$SyVDVDQomRDOHLYDLSDUDDIDVHGHSURPXOJDomRHSXEOLFDomR
$VDQomRQmRVXSUHRYtFLRGHLQLFLDWLYDRXGHHPHQGDSDUODPHQWDU

5HMHLomRGR3/SHOR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
D 3UD]R

GLDV~WHLV RPHVPRSUD]RGDVDQomR

L([SUHVVR

2VLOrQFLRLPSOLFDDVDQomRWiFLWD
1mRH[LVWHYHWRWiFLWR
1mRSRGHGHVLVWLUGRYHWR

LL,UUHWUDWiYHO
LLL6XSUHVVLYR

'HOLEHUDomR
([HFXWLYD

,7RWDO
2YHWR
SRGHVHU
E &DUDFWHUtVWLFDV

9HWRGDOHLQDtQWHJUD
6ySRGHYHWDUWH[WRLQWHJUDOGH
DUWLJRSDUiJUDIRLQFLVRRXDOtQHD

,,3DUFLDO

1mRSRGHGHL[DULOyJLFRRX
PRGLILFDURVHQWLGRGDOHL

23UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFDFRPXQLFDR3UHVLGHQWH
GR6HQDGR)HGHUDORVPRWLYRVGRYHWR K

9HWR
LY0RWLYDGR

6HQmRPRWLYDU

Y6XSHUiYHO
RXUHODWLYR

,QH[LVWrQFLDGRYHWR

&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDOSRGH
GHUUXEDURYHWRGR3UHVLGHQWH

&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDOSRGHGHUUXEDURYHWRGR3UHVLGHQWH
$SDUWHYHWDGDpDSUHFLDGDHPVHVVmRFRQMXQWD
GR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDOQRSUD]RGHGLDV
2YHWRpDIDVWDGRSRU0DLRULD$EVROXWD YRWRVHFUHWR
F 'HUUXEDGD
GRYHWR

6HR&RQJUHVVR
1DFLRQDOILFDULQHUWH

7UDQFDDSDXWDGD6(662&21-817$
GR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
1mRWUDQFDDSDXWDGD&kPDUDRXGR6HQDGR

2&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDOSRGHGHUUXEDUDSHQDV
SDUWHGRYHWRGR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD

44

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

0$3$'2352&(662/(*,6/$7,9225',15,2

CASA INICIADORA

Iniciativa

Comisso
1 emite
parecer

Comisso
2 emite
parecer

Comisso X
emite
parecer

Plenrio
(Discusso
e Votao)

Aprova vai para


a Casa Revisora

Rejeita arquiva+
Irrepetibilidade

Votao nas Comisses

Aprova vai para


Sano ou veto

CASA REVISORA
Comisso 1, 2, 3,
4, X
Emitem Parecer

Plenrio
(Discusso
e Votao)

Emenda volta para


a Casa Iniciadora

Rejeita arquiva+
Irrepetibilidade

Votao nas Comisses

45

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


Prof. Marcelo Leite
Prof. Thiago Strauss

Iniciativa
arts. 63 a 67,
69 e 61

)DVHGH,QLFLDWLYD

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Aprova
emendas

Alteraes

Casa
Iniciadora

Arquiva +
irrepetibilidade

Autgrafo

Veto
15 dias teis

Presidente da
Repblica

Sano
15 dias teis

Promulga
48h

CN
30 dias
Sesso conjunta
MA
Voto Secreto

Rejeio do
Veto

Manuteno
do veto

VPSF
Nao tem prazo

PSF
48h

PR
Promulga 48h
Publica: sem prazo

Publica

)DVH&RPSOHPHQWDU

PSF
Razes
do veto
48h

ZZZSRQWRGRVFRQFXUVRVFRPEU

Rejeita
emendas

Casa
Iniciadora

Alteraes

Casa
Revisora

Arquiva +
irrepetibilidade

)DVH&RQVWLWXWLYD

0$3$'2352&(662/(*,6/$7,9225',15,2

Arquiva +
irrepetibilidade

46

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

352&(662/(*,6/$7,92(0(1'$&2167,78&,21$/,
)UXWRGR3RGHU&RQVWLWXLQWH'HULYDGR5HIRUPDGRU
D 5HIRUPD
FRQVWLWXFLRQDO

1Ro}HV
JHUDLV

0RGLILFDomRGRWH[WRGD&)SRU(PHQGD&RQVWLWXFLRQDORX(PHQGDGH5HYLVmR
3URFHGLPHQWRIRUPDODWLQJLQGRRWH[WRGD&RQVWLWXLomR
0RGLILFDomRGRVHQWLGRGHXPWHUPRVHPPXGDURWH[WRGD&)

E 0XWDomRFRQVWLWXFLRQDO

'HULYDPGDHYROXomRGRVFRVWXPHVHYDORUHVGDVRFLHGDGH

(&WHPDPHVPD
KLHUDUTXLDGDV QRUPDV
FRQVWLWXFLRQDLVRULJLQiULDV

&DEHFRQWUROHGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGDV(&VHQTXDQWR12
FDEHFRQWUROHGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGDVQRUPDVRULJLQiULDV
$V(&VVmRKLHUDUTXLFDPHQWHVXSHULRUHV
jVGHPDLVQRUPDVLQIUDFRQVWLWXFLRQDLV
/HJLWLPDGRV
SDUDSURSRU
3(&

,3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
,,GD&kPDUDRXGR6HQDGR
,,,0DLVGDPHWDGHGDV$VVHPEOHLDV
/HJLVODWLYDV HVWDGXDLV H FDGD XPD GHODV
SHODPDLRULDUHODWLYDGHVHXVPHPEURV
,QLFLDWLYDHP3(&p
VHPSUHFRQFRUUHQWH

2EV

5LJLGH]FRQVWLWXFLRQDO

1mRKi

)HGHUDO

,QLFLDWLYDSRSXODU
HP3(&

3RGH

(VWDGXDO

WXUQRVHGRVYRWRV

4XyUXPGHYRWDomR
L)RUPDLV

/HJLWLPDGRVSRGHPSURSRU
3(&VREUHTXDOTXHUPDWpULD

3HODV0HVDVGD&kPDUDHGR6HQDGR
3URPXOJDomR
1mRKiVDQomRRXYHWRGR3UHVLGHQWH
1mRSRGHVHUSURSRVWDGHQRYR
QDPHVPD6HVVmR/HJLVODWLYD
0DVSRGHVHUWUDWDGDQRPHVPRDQR
HPFRQYRFDomRH[WUDRUGLQiULD
LQDXJXUDQRYDVHVVmROHJLVODWLYD

3(&UHMHLWDGD
SUHMXGLFDGD
LUUHSHWLELOLGDGH

6HRWH[WRUHMHLWDGRIRURVXEVWLWXWLYRH
QmRRRULJLQDOD3(&RULJLQDOSRGHVHU
YRWDGDQDPHVPDVHVVmROHJLVODWLYD

(PHQGD
&RQVWLWXFLRQDO
D /LPLWDo}HV
H[SUHVVDV

/LPLWHV
DRSRGHU
GHUHIRUPD

$&)QmR
SRGH VHU
HPHQGDGDHP
LL&LUFXQVWDQFLDLV
LLL7HPSRUDLV

,QWHUYHQomR
)HGHUDO

,QWHUYHQomR(VWDGXDO
SRGHHPHQGDU

(VWDGRGH6tWLRH(VWDGRGH'HIHVD

&)DUW
1mRH[LVWHPOLPLWDo}HVWHPSRUDLVQD&)
,)RUPD)HGHUDWLYDGH(VWDGR

&OiXVXODV
SpWUHDV

,,9RWRGLUHWRVHFUHWRXQLYHUVDOHSHULyGLFR
,,,6HSDUDomRGHSRGHUHV

&)
DUW

,9'LUHLWRVH*DUDQWLDVLQGLYLGXDLV
1mRVHUiREMHWRGHGHOLEHUDomR
7HQGHQWH
DDEROLU
LY0DWHULDLV

1mRGHYHVHTXHUWUDPLWDU

3RGHDXPHQWDURXHQIUDTXHFHUGHVGHTXHGHYLGDPHQWH
1mRSRGHVXSULPLUUHVWULQJLULQGHYLGDPHQWHYLRODUDHVVrQFLD
7HPTXHSURWHJHURQ~FOHRHVVHQFLDO
3DUDVXVWDUWUDQFDUSURSRVLomR
TXHWHQGDDDEROLUFOiXVXODVSpWUHDV

&DVRKDMD3(&WHQGHQWHD
DEROLUFOiXVXODVSpWUHDVFDEH
0DQGDGRGH6HJXUDQoD

3DUDSURWHJHURGLUHLWROtTXLGRH
FHUWRDRSURFHVVROHJLVODWLYRKtJLGR
,PSHWUDGRSRUSDUODPHQWDUGD
&DVDHPTXHD3(&WUDPLWD
&RQWUROHSUHYHQWLYRGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH

7LWXODULGDGHGRSRGHUFRQVWLWXLQWH

E /LPLWDo}HV
LPSOtFLWDV

3URFHVVRGHPRGLILFDomRGD
&)QmRSRGHVHUDOWHUDGR

2ULJLQiULRH'HULYDGR

1mRSRGHFRORFDUWXUQRVRXPDLRULDDEVROXWDSDUD(&
1mRSRGHFULDUQRYDUHYLVmRFRQVWLWXFLRQDO

0RGLILFDomRGRDUW FOiXVXODVSpWUHDV
9HGDomRj'XSOD5HYLVmR

1mRSRGHUHYRJDURDUWLJRTXHIDODGDVFOiXVXODVSpWUHDV

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


47

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

352&(662/(*,6/$7,92(0(1'$&2167,78&,21$/,,

1mRH[LVWH&DVD LQLFLDGRUD
GHILQLGDSHOD&)

$&)QmRGL]HPTXDO&DVDGHYHVHU
LQLFLDGDXPD3(&GHLQLFLDWLYDGR3UHVLGHQWH
HGDV$VVHPEOpLDV/HJLVODWLYDVHVWDGXDLV
5HJLPHQWR,QWHUQRGD&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV
GL]TXHpQD&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV

$&DVDQmRSUHYDOHFHVREUHD FRPRpQRFDVRGH3URMHWRGH/HL

3URFHVVR OHJLVODWLYR
GH (PHQGD
&RQVWLWXFLRQDO

6yYROWDGDSDUDD&DVD
VHKRXYHUDOWHUDomRVXEVWDQFLDO

3(& )DWLDGD
3URPXOJDomR)UDFLRQDGD

1HVVHFDVRYROWDD3(&LQWHLUDFRPRXPD
QRYD3(&HQmRDSHQDVDSDUWHPRGLILFDGD

3RGHSURPXOJDUDSDUWHQmRHPHQGDGD
VXEVWDQFLDOPHQWH SHOD&DVDGHVGH
TXHHODVHMDLQGHSHQGHQWHDXW{QRPD

9HU0DSDGR3URFHVVR/HJLVODWLYRGD(PHQGD&RQVWLWXFLRQDO

7UDWDGRV,QWHUQDFLRQDLVVREUH'LUHLWRV+XPDQRV
DSURYDGRVHPWXUQRVHGRVYRWRV

7UDWDGRV,QWHUQDFLRQDLV
FRPIRUoDGH(&

(TXLYDOHPjV(PHQGDV&RQVWLWXFLRQDLV
&)DUW

'LUHLWRDGTXLULGR
(&GHYHUHVSHLWDU

$WRMXUtGLFRSHUIHLWR
&RLVDMXOJDGD

 (PHQGD&RQVWLWXFLRQDO
H GLUHLWRDGTXLULGR
DWR MXUtGLFR SHUIHLWR
HFRLVDMXOJDGD

([LVWHGRXWULQDFRQWUiULD

1mRFDEHDOHJDUIUHQWHDR
3RGHU&RQVWLWXLQWH2ULJLQiULR

'LUHLWRDGTXLULGR
$WRMXUtGLFRSHUIHLWR
&RLVDMXOJDGD

(PHQGD
&RQVWLWXFLRQDO

0DVFDEHDOHJDURVDFLPDIUHQWH
DR3RGHU&RQVWLWXLQWH'HULYDGR

0RQDUTXLDFRPRIRUPDGHJRYHUQR

(VWDEHOHFHU

3DUODPHQWDULVPRFRPRVLVWHPDGHJRYHUQR
2XWURVVLVWHPDVHOHLWRUDLV

0RGLILFDURTXyUXPGHSDUDDSURYDomRGH(&
QRUPDVGRSURFHVVROHJLVODWLYRVmRGHUHSHWLomRREULJDWyULD

(VWDEHOHFHU SUD]RSDUD TXH RVGHWHQWRUHV GH LQLFLDWLYD


SULYDWLYDDSUHVHQWHP3URMHWRGH/HLDR/HJLVODWLYR

)HUHDVHSDUDomR
GRVSRGHUHV

&RQGLFLRQDU D HILFiFLD GH FRQYrQLR FHOHEUDGR SHOR


([HFXWLYRjSUpYLDDSURYDomRGR/HJLVODWLYR &)DUW,,

6XERUGLQDU QRPHDomR GR 3URFXUDGRU*HUDO GH -XVWLoD j SUpYLD


DSURYDomRGD$VVHPEOHLD/HJLVODWLYD &)DUWH

 9HGDo}HV DR
FRQVWLWXLQWHGHFRUUHQWH
 &RQVWLWXLomR(VWDGXDO
QmRSRGH

7UDWDUGHPDWpULDVGHLQLFLDWLYDSULYDWLYDGRFKHIHGRH[HFXWLYR
DSDUWLUGHSURSRVWDGHHPHQGDDSUHVHQWDGDSRUSDUODPHQWDU
&)DUW$',
7DLVPDWpULDVVySRGHPVHUGLVFLSOLQDGDV
DSDUWLUGHLQLFLDWLYDGRFKHIHGRH[HFXWLYR

3URMHWRGH/HL
(PHQGDFRQVWLWXFLRQDOGH
LQLFLDWLYDGR*RYHUQDGRU

&RQGLFLRQDU D QRPHDomR H[RQHUDomR H GHVWLWXLomR GRV VHFUHWiULRV


GHHVWDGRjSUpYLDDSURYDomRGD$VVHPEOHLD/HJLVODWLYD &)DUW,

'DU FRPSHWrQFLD SDUD TXH D $VVHPEOHLD /HJLVODWLYD MXOJXH VXDV SUySULDV


FRQWDVHDVGRVDGPLQLVWUDGRUHVGR([HFXWLYRHGR-XGLFLiULR
3UHVWDomR
GH&RQWDV
(VWDGXDLV

L'R*RYHUQDGRU

7&(DSUHFLD
$VVHPEOHLD/HJLVODWLYDMXOJD

LL'DVGHPDLV$GPLQLVWUDo}HVGRVSRGHUHV

7&(MXOJD

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


48

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

0$3$'2352&(662/(*,6/$7,92'$(0(1'$&2167,78&,21$/

S pra quando atingir


2 turnos nas 2 Casas e
por 3/5 dos votos
Iniciativa

1 Casa

2 Casa

1 Turno

1 Turno

Aprovao
3/5

Aprovao
3/5

2 Turno

2 Turno

Aprovao
3/5

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


Prof. Marcelo Leite
Prof. Thiago Strauss

Para reapreciao
em 2 turnos

Modificao
Substancial

Aprovao
3/5

Promulgao
Mesas CD e SF

49

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

352&(662/(*,6/$7,920(','$3529,65,$,
(GLWDGDSHOR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD FRPSHWrQFLDH[FOXVLYD HPFDVR
GHUHOHYkQFLDHXUJrQFLD FRPSDUWLFLSDomRSRVWHULRUGR/HJLVODWLYR
03WHPIRUoDGH/HL2UGLQiULD
'HPDLVQRUPDVLQFRPSDWtYHLV
FRPD03VHUmRVXVSHQVDV

&RQVLGHUDo}HV
JHUDLV

$03QmRUHYRJDOHL
$036863(1'(DHILFiFLDGDVOHLLQFRPSDWtYHLV

$SURYDGD

5HYRJDRTXHIRLLQFRPSDWtYHO SRUTXHDJRUDpOHL

5HMHLWDGD

9ROWDDYDOHUDVQRUPDVDQWHULRUHV

03

3UHYLVWDQD&RQVWLWXLomR(VWDGXDO
RXQD/HL2UJkQLFD0XQLFLSDO

03QRV(VWDGRVH0XQLFtSLRV
pFDEtYHOGHVGHTXH

2EVHUYDGDVDVOLPLWDo}HVTXHD&)LPS}H

3URUURJDomRpDXWRPiWLFDSRUDWRGR3UHVLGHQWHGD0HVDGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
2SUD]RpVXVSHQVRGXUDQWHR5HFHVVR3DUODPHQWDU
D GLDV
SURUURJiYHLV
SRUPDLV

3UD]RGH
GXUDomR

&RQYRFDomR
([WUDRUGLQiULD

1mRSUHFLVDGHFRQYRFDomRH[WUDRUGLQiULDFDVR KDMD
HGLomRGH03GXUDQWHRUHFHVVR DQWHVSUHFLVDYD
$V03VVmRDXWRPDWLFDPHQWHLQFOXtGDVQDSDXWDFRQWDQGR
RSUD]RQRUPDOPHQWHGXUDQWHDFRQYRFDomRH[WUDRUGLQiULD

2SUD]R  pSDUDTXHR&RQJUHVVRGHOLEHUHVREUH


D03HQmRSDUDTXHHODVHMDSURPXOJDGDHSXEOLFDGD
E 03SRGH
YDOHUPDLV
GHGLDV

L$SURYDGRR3/GH&RQYHUVmRTXHDOWHUDRWH[WRGD03HVWDPDQWHUVHi
LQWHJUDOPHQWHHPYLJRUDWpTXHRSURMHWRVHMDVDQFLRQDGRRXYHWDGR
LL4XDQGRRSUD]RGHGLDVGD03pVXVSHQVRGHYLGRDR5HFHVVR3DUODPHQWDU
6HQmRIRUDSUHFLDGDHPDWpGLDVGHVXDHGLomRHQWUDHPUHJLPHGH
XUJrQFLDWUDQFDQGRDSDXWDGD&DVDRQGHHVWiHGDVSUy[LPDV VHKRXYHU

F 5HJLPHGH
XUJrQFLD

0HGLGD
3URYLVyULD

eGLDVQRWRWDOHQmRSDUDFDGD&DVD
6HHVWLYHUQD&kPDUDWUDQFDQGRSDXWDDSyVYRWDGD
MiFKHJDUiQR6HQDGRWUDQFDQGRSDXWDWDPEpP

D 23UHVLGHQWHHGLWDD03
&DVDLQLFLDGRUD
E 03VXEPHWLGD GH LPHGLDWR
DR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO

&DVDUHYLVRUD

&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV
6HQDGR)HGHUDO

$VSHFWRVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVGHUHOHYkQFLDHXUJrQFLD
$GHTXDomRILQDQFHLUDHRUoDPHQWiULD
F &RPLVVmR0LVWD
GH 'HSXWDGRV H
6HQDGRUHVDSUHFLDUi

3DUHFHURSLQDWLYR
03TXHDEUH
FUpGLWRH[WUDRUGLQiULR

$QDOLVDGDSHOD&032)
&)DUWFFDUW

9RWDomRHPVHVVmRVHSDUDGD

7UDPLWDomR

G $SUHFLDomR
GR3OHQiULR
GHFDGD&DVD

L3OHQiULRDSUHFLDUHOHYkQFLDHXUJrQFLDHDGHTXDomRILQDQFHLUDHRUoDPHQWiULD
LL 3OHQiULR DSUHFLD
RPpULWRGD03
L $SURYDU
VHPDOWHUDomR

LL1mRDSUHFLDU
 UHMHLomRWiFLWD

H 2&RQJUHVVR
1DFLRQDOSRGH

1mRSRGHH[LVWLUGHOHJDomRLQWHUQDFRUSRULV
SDUDDSUHFLDomRGRPpULWRSRU&RPLVV}HV
&)DUW
3URPXOJDGDSHOR3UHVLGHQWHGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO
1mRKiVDQomRRXYHWRSRUTXHD03p
H[DWDPHQWHDPHVPDTXHR3UHVLGHQWHHGLWRX
1mRH[LVWHDSURYDomRGH
03SRUGHFXUVRGHSUD]R

3HUGHDHILFiFLDH[WXQF GHVGHVXDHGLomR

LLL5HMHLWDUH[SUHVVDPHQWH

LY$SURYDU
FRP DOWHUDomR
HPHQGD

eGLIHUHQWHGDVDQomRGH
3/ TXHSRGHVHUWiFLWD

3HUGHDHILFiFLDH[WXQF GHVGHVXDHGLomR

,2SURMHWRGH/HLGH&RQYHUVmR 03DOWHUDGD
pDSUHFLDGRSHODVGXDV&DVDV
,,/HYDGRDR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFDTXHSRGH
VDQFLRQDURXYHWDUD/HLGH&RQYHUVmR
,,,1RFDVRGHVDQomRRX
GHUUXEDGDGRYHWR

3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
SURPXOJDHSXEOLFD

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


50

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

352&(662/(*,6/$7,920(','$3529,65,$,,
03SHUGHDHILFiFLDVHQmRIRUFRQYHUWLGD
HPOHLQRSUD]RGHGLDV3HUGHDHILFiFLDH[WXQF GHVGHVXDHGLomR

3HUGDGD
(ILFiFLDGH03

2&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDOSRU'HFUHWR/HJLVODWLYRWHPTXHGLVFLSOLQDUDVUHODo}HV
MXUtGLFDVGHFRUUHQWHVGD03UHMHLWDGDQRSUD]RGHGLDVGDSHUGDGDHILFiFLD
6HR&RQJUHVVRQmRHGLWDUHVVH'HFUHWRDVUHODo}HVMXUtGLFDVFRQVWLWXtGDVGXUDQWH
DYLJrQFLDGD03UHMHLWDGDFRQVHUYDUVHmRUHJLGDVSRUHOD &)DUW
9HGDGDUHHGLomRQDPHVPD 6HVVmR /HJLVODWLYD
HPTXHVHGHXD3(5'$'$(),&&,$

5HHGLomR
GH03

9HGDGDUHHGLomR
GH03

eGDSHUGDGDHILFiFLDHQmRGDHGLomR
(PRXWUDVHVVmR/HJLVODWLYD3RGHUHHGLWDU03

([SUHVVDPHQWH

L5HMHLWDGD

3RUGHFXUVRGHSUD]R

LL5HYRJDGDSHORSUySULR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
(PUHJUDFDEHFRQWUROHGD03SHOR-XGLFLiULR FRQFHQWUDGRHGLIXVR
5HOHYkQFLDHXUJrQFLDFDUiWHUSROtWLFRHGLVFULFLRQiULRGR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD

 9tFLRV
QD03

1mRVmRDQDOLVDGRVSHOR-XGLFLiULR

5HJUD

9tFLRVQRV5HTXLVLWRVGH
5HOHYkQFLDH8UJrQFLD

([FHomR

3RGHPVHUDQDOLVDGRVVHKRXYHUH[FHVVRRXDEXVR

$DXVrQFLDGDUHOHYkQFLDHXUJrQFLDQmRpFRQYDOLGDGDFRPDFRQYHUVmRHP/HL
&)DUW

L&RQFHVVmRGHJiVFDQDOL]DGR HVWDGRV

LL1DFLRQDOLGDGH &LGDGDQLD 'LUHLWR HOHLWRUDO 'LUHLWRV 3ROtWLFRV 3DUWLGRV


3ROtWLFRV'LUHLWR3HQDO3URFHVVXDO3HQDOH3URFHVVXDO&LYLO
LLL2UJDQL]DomRGR0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFRHGR-XGLFLiULR

eYHGDGD
DHGLomRGH
03VREUH

0HGLGD
3URYLVyULD
9HGDo}HV

LY33$ /'2/2$ H FUpGLWRV


DGLFLRQDLVHVXSOHPHQWDUHV

&UpGLWRVH[WUDRUGLQiULRV SRGH03

Y'HWHQomRHVHTXHVWURGHEHQVSRXSDQoDRXDWLYRILQDQFHLUR
YL0DWpULDUHVHUYDGDj/HL&RPSOHPHQWDU
YLL0DWpULDMiGLVFLSOLQDGDHP3/HSHQGHQWHGHVDQomRRXYHWRGR3UHVLGHQWH
YLLL 3DUD UHJXODPHQWDU DUWLJR DOWHUDGR
SRU(&HQWUHH(&
L[)XQGR6RFLDOGH(PHUJrQFLD

&)DUW

&)$'&7DUW

&)DUW
2EV

&DEH03HPPDWpULDWULEXWiULD SRGHLQVWLWXLURXPDMRUDUWULEXWR

23UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFDQmRSRGHUHWLUDU03GDDSUHFLDomRGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
5HJUD

5HWLUDGDGD03
GD DSUHFLDomR
GR&RQJUHVVR

03QRV(VWDGRV
H0XQLFtSLRV

03VVHPSUHVHUmRDSUHFLDGDVSHOR/HJLVODWLYR
5HWLUDUGDDSUHFLDomRpGLIHUHQWHGHUHYRJDU03

2EV

23UHVLGHQWHVy
SRGHUHYRJDU03
SRURXWUD03

&DEHGHVGHTXH

0DVHVWDRXWUD03VHUiDSUHFLDGDSHOR/HJLVODWLYRHVH
QmRIRUDSURYDGDD03YROWDDYDOHU SHORWHPSRTXH
UHVWDGHVXDYLJrQFLD HVHUiDSUHFLDGDSHOR&RQJUHVVR
$',')0&

3UHYLVWDQD&RQVWLWXLomR(VWDGXDORXQD/HL2UJkQLFD0XQLFLSDO
6HMDPREVHUYDGDVDVOLPLWDo}HVTXHD&)LPS}H

$',720&
(ILFiFLDWHPSRUiULD DWpFRQYHUVmRHP/HLRXSHUGDGDHILFiFLD
D 03

 0HGLGD 3URYLVyULD


YV /HL'HOHJDGD

1mRSUHFLVDGHDXWRUL]DomRSUpYLDGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
3UHFLVDGHUHOHYkQFLDH8UJrQFLD
(ILFiFLDSHUPDQHQWH

E /HL'HOHJDGD
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

3UHFLVDGHDXWRUL]DomRSUpYLDGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
1mRSUHFLVDGHUHOHYkQFLDHXUJrQFLD
51

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


Prof. Marcelo Leite
Prof. Thiago Strauss

Expresso

Parte
rejeitada

Parte
Aprovada

Sem alterao

Tcito
(decurso de prazo)

Com alterao
(PL Converso)

Aprovado
pelo CN

Rejeitado
pelo CN

PR edita
MP

Comisso Mista
Parecer opinativo
- Relevncia e
urgncia
- Adequao
Financeira e
Oramentria

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

15d
teis

PR

PSF
promulga

Veta

Sanciona

PSF
motivos
48h

Promulga
48hs

CN disciplina as
relaes jurdicas em
60d por DecLeg

Apreciao
de mrito

CN
sesso
conjunta
30d
MA

Publica

Rejeitado

Aprovado

Apreciao
Preliminar
- Relevncia e
urgncia
- Adequao
Financeira e
Oramentria

SF

Manuteno
do veto

Rejeio do Veto
Maioria Absoluta

Se o CN no criar o DecLeg
as relaes jurdicas
continuam regidas pela MP

ZZZSRQWRGRVFRQFXUVRVFRPEU

Publica

Aprova

Rejeita Por ausncia


dos pressupostos
constitucionais

Perde Eficcia
EX TUNC

Apreciao
Preliminar
- Relevncia e
urgncia
- Adequao
Financeira e
Oramentria

CD

CN 60+60 (Urgncia a partir de 45 dias)

352&(662/(*,6/$7,92'$60(','$63529,65,$6

Aprova

PR

Promulga
48h

Apreciao
de mrito

Rejeita Por ausncia


dos pressupostos
constitucionais

Publica

Rejeitado

Aprovado

52

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

352&(662/(*,6/$7,92/(,'(/(*$'$

1Ro}HV
JHUDLV

'HOHJDomRH[WHUQDFRUSRULV
([FHomRDRSULQFtSLRGDLQGHOHJDELOLGDGHGHDWULEXLo}HV

(ODERUDGDSHOR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
2/HJLVODWLYRGHOHJDDR([HFXWLYRDHODERUDomRGHOHL
$SyVSUpYLDVROLFLWDomRGR3UHVLGHQWHDR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO

,QLFLDWLYDVROLFLWDGRUD

$5HVROXomRWUDQVIHUHWHPSRUDULDPHQWHDFRPSHWrQFLDGR/HJLVODWLYR
$WLWXODULGDGHpGR3RGHU/HJLVODWLYR
0HVPRWHQGRGHOHJDGROHJLVODU
VREUHDPHVPDPDWpULD

2/HJLVODWLYRSRGH

5HYRJDUDGHOHJDomRDTXDOTXHUWHPSR

23UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFDQmRpREULJDGRD
HODERUDUD/HL'HOHJDGDPHVPRFRPDGHOHJDomR
2&RQJUHVVR
1DFLRQDO
GHOHJDSRU
5HVROXomR

3URFHGLPHQWR

$/HL'HOHJDGDQmRpDSUHFLDGDSHOR
&RQJUHVVRDSyVVXDHODERUDomR
$UHVROXomRTXH
GHOHJDGHYHVHU
OLPLWDGDH
HVSHFtILFDH
GHYHGL]HUVHD
GHOHJDomRp

L7tSLFD

1mRSUHFLVDVDQomRGR3UHVLGHQWH
SRLVD/HL'HOHJDGDIRLHGLWDGDSRUHOH
3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD

3URPXOJD
3XEOLFD

2&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDODRGHOHJDU
HVWDEHOHFHTXHD/HL'HOHJDGDVHUi
DSUHFLDGDSHOR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
9RWDomR~QLFD

/HL
'HOHJDGD

LL$WtSLFD

6HR
([HFXWLYR
H[FHGHU

9HGDGRHPHQGDV SRGH
DOWHUDURWH[WRPDVQmR
SRGHDOWHUDURFRQWH~GR

2&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDOVXVWDRDWRQRUPDWLYR
SRU'HFUHWR/HJLVODWLYR &)DUW9
2 &RQJUHVVR
1DFLRQDO

L2VDWRVGH
FRPSHWrQFLD

'HOHJDSRU5HVROXomR
6XVWDSRU
'HFUHWR/HJLVODWLYR

(IHLWRV([1XQF
9HWR/HJLVODWLYR

([FOXVLYDGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
3ULYDWLYD

LL'LUHLWRV,QGLYLGXDLV
1mRVHUmR
REMHWR GH
GHOHJDomR

$SUHFLDomR

GD&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV
GR6HQDGR)HGHUDO
&DEH 0HGLGD 3URYLVyULD
VREUH'LUHLWRV,QGLYLGXDLV

LLL1DFLRQDOLGDGH
&)DUW

LY&LGDGDQLD
Y'LUHLWRV(OHLWRUDLV

9HGDo}HV

YL'LUHLWRV3ROtWLFRV
YLL2UJDQL]DomRGR

-XGLFLiULR
0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR

YLLL33$/'2/2$
L[0DWpULDUHVHUYDGDj/HL&RPSOHPHQWDU
2EV

7DQWR/HL'HOHJDGDTXDQWR0HGLGD3URYLVyULDSRGHPLQVWLWXLURXPDMRUDUWULEXWR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


53

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

352&(',0(172'$/(,'(/(*$'$

Tpica
Iniciativa
Solicitadora (PR)

CN delega
(Resoluo)

PR Promulga

PR Publica

PR Edita
a Lei
Atpica

CN Votao
nica e
vedado
emenda

Aprova

No aprova

Arquiva e no pode ser


objeto de novo PL na
mesma SLO, salvo
Maioria Absoluta

54

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

352&(662/(*,6/$7,92'(0$,6(63e&,(61250$7,9$6
GLDV

L&DVD,QLFLDGRUD &kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV

D 3UD]RV

GLDV

LL&DVD5HYLVRUD 6HQDGR

GLDV YROWDSDUDD&kPDUD

LLL&DVRGHHPHQGD

2SURFHGLPHQWRVXPiULRSRGHWHUQRPi[LPRGLDV VHPWUDQFDUDSDXWD
2VSUD]RVQmRFRUUHPGXUDQWHRUHFHVVR

2EV

3URFHVVR/HJLVODWLYR
6XPiULRRX
5HJLPHGH8UJrQFLD

1mRVHDSOLFDPDRVSURMHWRVGHFyGLJR &)DUW
1RULWRRUGLQiULRRVSUD]RVFRUUHP
QRUPDOPHQWH QmRWUDQFDDSDXWD

7UDQFDDSDXWD
GD&DVDTXH
HVWRXUDURSUD]R

E 6HTXDOTXHU
GDVFDVDV
QmRDSUHFLDU
HPGLDV

6yQmRWUDQFDSDUDDVGHOLEHUDo}HV
OHJLVODWLYDVFRPSUD]RFRQVWLWXFLRQDOFHUWR
([0HGLGDV3URYLVyULDV GLDVGLDV

1mRH[LVWHDSURYDomRSRUGHFXUVRGHSUD]R
1mRSUHFLVDVHU LQLFLDWLYD
SULYDWLYDGR3UHVLGHQWH

L6HR3UHVLGHQWH VROLFLWDU
XUJrQFLD QRV SURMHWRV
GHVXDLQLFLDWLYD

eTXDOTXHUSURMHWRTXHR
3UHVLGHQWHWHQKDLQLFLDGR
&)DUW

F +LSyWHVHV

LL $SUHFLDomRGRV DWRVGH GHOHJDomRRX


UHQRYDomR GH VHUYLoRV GH 5DGLRGLIXVmR
VRQRUDHGHVRQVHLPDJHQV

&)DUW
&)DUW;,,

L&RPSHWrQFLDVH[FOXVLYDVGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO &)DUW
LL5HJXODUHIHLWRVGH0HGLGD3URYLVyULDQmRFRQYHUWLGDHPOHL &)DUW
D +LSyWHVHV

LLL6XVWDURDWRQRUPDWLYRTXHH[FHGHURVOLPLWHVGDGHOHJDomR &)DUW9
LY2XWURV
'LVFXVVmRQR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO

3URFHVVR
/HJLVODWLYR

)RUPD%LFDPHUDO

25HJLPHQWR,QWHUQRUHJXODPHQWDUiRSURFHGLPHQWRGHFULDomRGR'HFUHWR/HJLVODWLYR
E 'HIODJUDGR
RSURFHVVR

'HFUHWR
/HJLVODWLYR

1mRFDEHLQWHUYHQomRGR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD VDQomRYHWRHSURPXOJDomR
3URPXOJDGRSHOR3UHVLGHQWHGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO 3UHVLGHQWHGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
&DUDFWHUL]DPVHSHODSURGXomRGHHIHLWRVH[WHUQRV

'HFUHWR/HJLVODWLYR

eH[FOXVLYRGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO

3URGX]HPHIHLWRVH[WHUQRV
2EV

L'D&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV
5HVROXo}HV

LL'R6HQDGR)HGHUDO
LLL'R&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
+iH[FHo}HV

3URGX]HPHIHLWRVLQWHUQRV

([DUWDUW9D,;HDUW,9H9

L&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV
D (GLWDGDSRU

LL6HQDGR)HGHUDO
LLL&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO

(QTXDQWRRVGHFUHWRVOHJLVODWLYRVVmRH[FOXVLYRVGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
3URPXOJDGDSHOR3UHVLGHQWHGDUHVSHFWLYD&DVD
25HJLPHQWR,QWHUQRUHJXODPHQWDUiRSURFHGLPHQWRGHFULDomRGD5HVROXo}HV

5HVROXomR

1mRFDEHLQWHUYHQomRGR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD VDQomRYHWRHSURPXOJDomR
L&RPSHWrQFLDVSULYDWLYDV

E 8WLOL]DGDV
HPFDVRGH

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

GD&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV
GR6HQDGR)HGHUDO

LL'HOHJDomRGR&RQJUHVVRSDUD HODERUDomR
GH/HL'HOHJDGD &)DUW

6XVSHQGHSRU'HFUHWR
/HJLVODWLYR &)DUW9

LLL6XVSHQGHUOHLGHFODUDGDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOSHOR67)HP
FRQWUROHGLIXVRGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH &)DUW;

5HVROXomRGR
6HQDGR)HGHUDO

LY2XWURV
55

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 6 - Processo Legislativo

352&(662/(*,6/$7,92287526$63(&726

L/HL2UGLQiULD UHJUD

9DOLGDGH
GRV 7UDWDGRV
,QWHUQDFLRQDLV

7UDWDGR,QWHUQDFLRQDOVREUH'LUHLWRV+XPDQRV
DSURYDGRSRUSURFHGLPHQWRFRPXP

LL6XSUDOHJDO

7UDWDGRVH
&RQYHQo}HV
,QWHUQDFLRQDLV

7UDWDGR,QWHUQDFLRQDO6(0VHUVREUH'LUHLWRV
+XPDQRVHDSURYDGRSHORSURFHGLPHQWRFRPXP

7UDWDGR,QWHUQDFLRQDOVREUH'LUHLWRV+XPDQRVDSURYDGR
SRUGRVYRWRVHPWXUQRV &)DUW

LLL(PHQGD
&RQVWLWXFLRQDO

1mRSRGHPDOWHUDURXLQWHJUDURWH[WRGD&)

1mRSRGHPWUDWDUGHPDWpULDGH/HL&RPSOHPHQWDU
2VWUDWDGRVLQWHUQDFLRQDLVVREUH'LUHLWRV+XPDQRVTXHVHJXLUDPR
SURFHGLPHQWRHVSHFLDOGH(PHQGD&RQVWLWXFLRQDODQWHULRUHVj(&
QmRVmRDXWRPDWLFDPHQWHSDULWiULRVj(PHQGD&RQVWLWXFLRQDO

2&RQJUHVVRWHPTXHFRQILUPDU
H[SUHVVDPHQWHSHORTXRUXP
TXDOLILFDGR  HWXUQRV

3(&3URSRVWDGH(PHQGD&RQVWLWXFLRQDO &)DUW
L5HMHLWDGD
,QFLGrQFLD
HP3(&

LL3UHMXGLFDGD
6HD3(&IRUDSURYDGDHODWDPEpPSURGX]LUUHSHWLELOLGDGH

LLL$SURYDGD

L1DSUy[LPD6HVVmR/HJLVODWLYD

D 3(&
1RYRSURMHWRVREUHDPHVPDPDWpULD

LL(PFRQYRFDomRH[WUDRUGLQiULD

5HMHLomRGRVXEVWLWXWLYRQmRSURGX]LUUHSHWLELOLGDGH

1mRFDEHUHTXHULPHQWRGDPDLRULDDEVROXWDGHTXDOTXHUGDV&DVDVSDUDUHSHWLU3(&

2EV

03H3(&QmRSRGHPUHSHWLUQDPHVPD6HVVmR/HJLVODWLYDRUGLQiULD

&)DUW
L5HMHLomRH[SUHVVD
,QFLGrQFLD
LL3HUGDGHYLJrQFLDSRUGHFXUVRGHSUD]R

,UUHSHWLELOLGDGH

L1DSUy[LPD6HVVmR/HJLVODWLYD
1RYRSURMHWRVREUHDPHVPDPDWpULD

E 0HGLGD
3URYLVyULD

6HR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDOQmRHGLWDUR'HFUHWR/HJLVODWLYR
DVUHODo}HVMXUtGLFDVILUPDGDVGXUDQWHDYLJrQFLDGD03
ILFDPUHJLGDVSHOD03HQmRSHOD/HLGHFRQYHUVmR

$/HLGHFRQYHUVmR
QmRUHWURDJH

3URFHVVR
/HJLVODWLYR

2EV

LL(PFRQYRFDomRH[WUDRUGLQiULD

1mRFDEHUHTXHULPHQWRGDPDLRULDDEVROXWDGHTXDOTXHUGDV&DVDVSDUDUHSHWLU03
03H3(&QmRSRGHPUHSHWLUQDPHVPD6HVVmR/HJLVODWLYDRUGLQiULD

&)DUW
L5HMHLomR
,QFLGrQFLD

F 3URMHWR
GH/HL 3/

LL3/SUHMXGLFDGRQmRSURGX]LUUHSHWLELOLGDGH
L1DSUy[LPD6HVVmR/HJLVODWLYD

1RYRSURMHWRVREUH
DPHVPDPDWpULD

6yFDEHR
FRQWUROHLQFLGHQWDO

LL1DPHVPD6HVVmR/HJLVODWLYD GHVGHTXHKDMD UHTXHULPHQWR


GDPDLRULDDEVROXWDGHTXDOTXHUGD&DVDV

3RUPHLRGH
0DQGDGRGH6HJXUDQoD

,PSHWUDGRSRUSDUODPHQWDUGD
&DVDRQGHDSURSRVLomRWUDPLWD
&RPSHWrQFLDRULJLQiULDGR67)

([WLQJXHR0DQGDGRGH6HJXUDQoD06VHPMXOJDU
RPpULWRSRUSHUGDVXSHUYHQLHQWHGHOHJLWLPLGDGHDWLYD
206QmRSRGHVHUXVDGRFRPRVXFHGkQHRGD$',Q
D 3URMHWRGH
/HL 3/
H3(&

$SURYDGRR3/RX3(&
&RQYHUVmRHP/HLRX(&

&RQYHUWLGRHP/HLRX(&
&DEHFRQWUROH$03/2

3RUYLDGHDomRHH[FHomR
3DUDFRUULJLUDVSHFWRV
IRUPDLVHPDWHULDLV

1mRFDEH$',QFRQWUD3/RX3(&
2EV

&RQWUROH
MXGLFLDO

1mRFDEHFRQWUROHGHDWRV
LQWHUQDFRUSRULV UHJLPHQWRLQWHUQR

6HDSURSRVLomRIHULUD&)FDEHUiRFRQWUROH
3RVWXODGRGDVHSDUDomRGRVSRGHUHV

&DEHFRQWUROHFRQFHQWUDGRHGLIXVRDQWHVHGHSRLVGDFRQYHUVmRHP/HL
L5HMHLWDGDDQWHVGRMXOJDPHQWRGD$',Q
6HD03IRU

LL&RQYHUWLGDHP/HLDQWHV
GRMXOJDPHQWRGD$',Q
5HOHYkQFLDHXUJrQFLD

E 03
9tFLRVQRV
5HTXLVLWRVGH
5HOHYkQFLDH
8UJrQFLD

5HJUD
([FHomR

$',QSHUGHRREMHWR

$',QFRQWLQXDYDOHQGR EDVWDDGLWDURSHGLGR
1mRSHUGHPDLVRREMHWR
&DUiWHUSROtWLFRHGLVFULFLRQiULRGR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD

1mRVmRDQDOLVDGRVSHOR-XGLFLiULR
3RGHPVHUDQDOLVDGRVVHKRXYHUH[FHVVRRXDEXVR

$DXVrQFLDGDUHOHYkQFLDHXUJrQFLDQmRpFRQYDOLGDGDFRPDFRQYHUVmRHP/HL
Prof. Roberto Troncoso
56

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 7 - Poder Executivo

32'(5(;(&87,92,
([HUFtFLRGHDWULEXLo}HVSROtWLFDV
FROHJLVODWLYDVHGHGHFLVmR

L)XQomRGHJRYHUQR
D )XQomR
WtSLFD

,QWHUYHQomR
LL)XQomRDGPLQLVWUDWLYD

)RPHQWR

([HUFH

3UHVWDomRGHVHUYLoRS~EOLFR

)XQo}HV

'HFUHWRVPHGLGDVSURYLVyULDV

L)XQomROHJLVODWLYD
E )XQomR
DWtSLFD

LL)XQomRGHMXOJDPHQWR

1mRID]FRLVDMXOJDGD GHILQLWLYD
3ULQFtSLRGDLQDIDVWDELOLGDGHGDMXULVGLomR

&)DUWLQF9,,9,,,H;,;

)XQo}HVGR
3UHVLGHQWHGD
5HS~EOLFD

D &KHIHGH
(VWDGR

23UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFDUHSUHVHQWDR(VWDGR
%UDVLOHLURQDVVXDVUHODo}HVLQWHUQDFLRQDLV
([HUFHDGLUHomRVXSHULRUGDDGPLQLVWUDomRIHGHUDO

E &KHIHGH*RYHUQR

&)DUWLQF,,

eRDIDVWDPHQWR
WHPSRUiULRGR3UHVLGHQWH

9LFH3UHVLGHQWH
VXEVWLWXLR3UHVLGHQWH

23UHVLGHQWHHR9LFH3UHVLGHQWHQmRSRGHUmRVHP
OLFHQoDGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDODXVHQWDUVHGRSDtVSRU
SHUtRGRVXSHULRUDGLDVVRESHQDGHSHUGDGRFDUJR
D ,PSHGLPHQWR
2EV
67)

3RGHU
([HFXWLYR

5HJUDGHREVHUYkQFLDREULJDWyULDSHORV
HVWDGRVPHPEURVUHODWLYDPHQWHDRVJRYHUQDGRUHV
HDVUHVSHFWLYDVDVVHPEOHLDVOHJLVODWLYDV
3ULQFtSLRGDVLPHWULD
L0RUWH

eRDIDVWDPHQWR
GHILQLWLYRGR3UHVLGHQWH

,PSHGLPHQWRV
H9DFkQFLD

'HFRUUHGH

LL5HQ~QFLD
LLL3HUGDGRFDUJR

9LFH3UHVLGHQWHVXFHGHR3UHVLGHQWH
E 9DFkQFLD

9DFkQFLDGRV
FDUJRVGH
3UHVLGHQWHH
9LFH3UHVLGHQWH

L1RVSULPHLURV
DQRVGRPDQGDWR

(OHLomRGLUHWDGLDVGHSRLV
GHDEHUWDD~OWLPDYDJD

(OHLomRLQGLUHWDSHOR&RQJUHVVR
1DFLRQDOQDIRUPDGDOHLGLDV
LL1RV~OWLPRV
DQRVGRPDQGDWR GHSRLVGD~OWLPDYDJD

1RVFDVRVGHLPSHGLPHQWRYDFkQFLDGR
3UHVLGHQWHHGR9LFH3UHVLGHQWHVHUmR
VXFHVVLYDPHQWHFKDPDGRVSDUDD3UHVLGrQFLD
F /LQKD
VXFHVVyULD

LL6XFHVVmRGR3UHVLGHQWH
D $WULEXLo}HV

LL 3UHVLGHQWHGR
6HQDGR)HGHUDO
LLL3UHVLGHQWHGR67)

L6XEVWLWXLomRGR3UHVLGHQWH

 9LFH3UHVLGHQWH
GD5HS~EOLFD

L3UHVLGHQWHGD
&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV

LLL3DUWLFLSDomRQR

,PSHGLPHQWR WHPSRUiULR
9DFkQFLD GHILQLWLYR

&RQVHOKRGD5HS~EOLFD
&RQVHOKRGH'HIHVD1DFLRQDO

LY$X[LOLDUR3UHVLGHQWHTXDQGRFRQYRFDGRSDUDPLVV}HVHVSHFLDLV
Y2XWUDVDWULEXLo}HVFRQIHULGDVSRU/HL&RPSOHPHQWDU
E ,QYHVWLGXUD

$HOHLomRGR3UHVLGHQWHLPSRUWDUiDGR9LFH3UHVLGHQWH

57

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 7 - Poder Executivo

32'(5(;(&87,92,,
L$X[LOLDUR3UHVLGHQWHQRH[HUFtFLRGDGLUHomRVXSHULRUGDDGPLQLVWUDomRIHGHUDO
LL([HUFHUDRULHQWDomRFRRUGHQDomRHVXSHUYLVmRGRVyUJmRVH
HQWLGDGHVGDDGPLQLVWUDomRIHGHUDOQDiUHDGHVXDFRPSHWrQFLD
LLL5HIHUHQGDURVDWRVHGHFUHWRVDVVLQDGRVSHOR3UHVLGHQWH
D $WULEXLo}HV

LY([SHGLULQVWUXo}HVSDUDDH[HFXomRGDVOHLVGHFUHWRVHUHJXODPHQWRV
Y$SUHVHQWDUDR3UHVLGHQWHUHODWyULRDQXDOGHVXDJHVWmRQR0LQLVWpULR
YL3UDWLFDURVDWRVSHUWLQHQWHVjVDWULEXLo}HVTXHOKH
IRUHPRXWRUJDGDVRXGHOHJDGDVSHOR3UHVLGHQWH
(VFROKLGRVGHQWUHEUDVLOHLURVPDLRUHVGHDQRVHQRH[HUFtFLRGRVGLUHLWRVSROtWLFRV

0LQLVWURV
GH(VWDGR

E ,QYHVWLGXUD

(VFROKDHH[RQHUDomROLYUHGR3UHVLGHQWHVHPQHFHVVLGDGHGHPRWLYDomR
,&RQH[RVFRPFULPHVGHPHVPDQDWXUH]D
FRPHWLGRVSHOR3UHVLGHQWHRX9LFH3UHVLGHQWH

L&ULPHGH
UHVSRQVDELOLGDGH

,,4XDQGRFRQYRFDGRSHOD&kPDUDRX6HQDGR
RXVXDVFRPLVV}HVSDUDSUHVWDULQIRUPDo}HV
VREUH DVVXQWRV LQHUHQWHV D VXDV DWULEXLo}HV
GHL[DUHPGHFRPSDUHFHULQMXVWLILFDGDPHQWH
,,,4XDQGRQmRDWHQGHUHPRXVHUHFXVDUHPD
IRUQHFHUSHGLGRVHVFULWRVGHLQIRUPDo}HV
GDV0HVDVGD&kPDUDHGR6HQDGR

F 5HVSRQVDELOL]DomR

,9&DVRVSUHYLVWRVQD/HL
LL,QIUDo}HVSHQDLVFRPXQV

eDSUHUURJDWLYDFRQFHGLGDH[FOXVLYDPHQWHDR&KHIHGR3RGHU([HFXWLYR
SDUDHGLWDUGHFUHWRVHUHJXODPHQWRVGHVWLQDGRVDGDUILHOH[HFXomRjVOHLV
D &RQFHLWR

eHVSpFLHGRJrQHUR
3RGHU1RUPDWLYR

2 3RGHU1RUPDWLYR pDSUHUURJDWLYDFRQIHULGDj$GPLQLVWUDomR
3~EOLFD SDUDHGLomRGHDWRVDGPLQLVWUDWLYRVQRUPDWLYRV
$WRV DGPLQLVWUDWLYRVQRUPDWLYRVVmRDTXHOHVTXH
FRQWrPGHWHUPLQDo}HVJHUDLVLPSHVVRDLVHDEVWUDWDV
e DWRQRUPDWLYRSULPiULR
SRLVGHULYDGLUHWDPHQWHGD&)

3RGHU
([HFXWLYR
L,QGHSHQGHQWH
 DXW{QRPR

3RGH
GLVSRU
VREUH

'HFUHWR
QRUPDWLYR
JHUDO

2UJDQL]DomRH
IXQFLRQDPHQWRGD
DGPLQLVWUDomR
IHGHUDOGHVGH
TXHQmRLPSOLTXH

L$XPHQWRGH
GHVSHVD
LL &ULDomRH[WLQomR
GHyUJmRVS~EOLFRV

([WLQomRGH IXQo}HVFDUJRV
S~EOLFRVTXDQGRYDJRV

&RPSHWrQFLDSDVVtYHOGHGHOHJDomR
&)DUWLQF9,HSDUiJUDIR~QLFR
e DWRQRUPDWLYRVHFXQGiULR  GHFRQWH~GR
JHUDOLPSHVVRDOHDEVWUDWRH[SHGLGRSDUD
SRVVLELOLWDUDILHOH[HFXomRGHGHWHUPLQDGDOHL

E &ODVVLILFDomR

'HSHQGHGD
H[LVWrQFLDGHOHL

3RGHU
5HJXODPHQWDU

LL5HJXODPHQWDU
 GHH[HFXomR

eDWRQRUPDWLYRGHULYDGR

([SHGLGRQRH[HUFtFLRGR3RGHU5HJXODPHQWDU

&RPSHWrQFLDQmRSDVVtYHOGHGHOHJDomR
&)DUWLQF,9HSDUiJUDIR~QLFR
'HFUHWR
HVSHFtILFR
LQGLYLGXDO

$WRGHHIHLWRFRQFUHWRSRLV
SURYrVLWXDo}HVSDUWLFXODUHV

([

1RPHDomRHH[RQHUDomR
'HVDSURSULDomR

1mR p DWRQRUPDWLYR
L&RQWUROH$GPLQLVWUDWLYR

LL&RQWUROH
/HJLVODWLYR

F )RUPDV GH
FRQWUROH

&RQWUROHGHPpULWROHJDOLGDGHH OHJLWLPLGDGH DPSOR

'HFUHWR/HJLVODWLYRGR
&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO

6XVWDDWRVQRUPDWLYRVGR3RGHU([HFXWLYR
TXHH[RUELWHPGRSRGHUUHJXODPHQWDU

&)DUW9
'HFUHWR5HJXODPHQWDU

&RQWUROHGHOHJDOLGDGHHOHJLWLPLGDGH

,QH[LVWrQFLDGHOHL

LLL&RQWUROH
-XULVGLFLRQDO

eDWRQRUPDWLYRRULJLQiULR
67)

'HFUHWR
$XW{QRPR

&RQWUROHGH
FRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH

6mRSUHVVXSRVWRV
DRFRQWUROHGH
FRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH

&DUiWHU
1RUPDWLYR
&DUiWHU
$XW{QRPR
58

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 7 - Poder Executivo

$75,%8,d(6'235(6,'(17('$5(3%/,&$
1DIRUPDHQRVFDVRVSUHYLVWRVQD&)

L,QLFLDURSURFHVVROHJLVODWLYR

LL 6DQFLRQDU SURPXOJDUH ID]HUSXEOLFDUDVOHLVEHPFRPR


H[SHGLUGHFUHWRVH UHJXODPHQWRVSDUDVXDILHOH[HFXomR

&RPSHWrQFLD QmRSDVVtYHOGHGHOHJDomR

'HFUHWR UHJXODPHQWDU GHH[HFXomR


7RWDORX

LLL 9HWDU SURMHWRVGHOHL

3DUFLDOPHQWH
,  2UJDQL]DomR H IXQFLRQDPHQWR
GD DGPLQLVWUDomR IHGHUDO
TXDQGRQmRLPSOLFDUHP

LY 'LVSRU PHGLDQWH


GHFUHWRVREUH

$XPHQWRGHGHVSHVD
&ULDomRRXH[WLQomRGHyUJmRVS~EOLFRV

,, ([WLQomR GHIXQo}HVRXFDUJRVS~EOLFRVTXDQGRYDJRV


'HFUHWR LQGHSHQGHQWH DXW{QRPR&RPSHWrQFLDSDVVtYHOGHGHOHJDomR DR0LQLVWURGH(VWDGR
Y0DQWHUUHODo}HVFRP(VWDGRVHVWUDQJHLURVHDFUHGLWDUVHXVUHSUHVHQWDQWHVGLSORPiWLFRV
YL &HOHEUDU WUDWDGRV FRQYHQo}HV H DWRV LQWHUQDFLRQDLV
VXMHLWRVDUHIHUHQGRGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO

)XQomRGH&KHIHGH(VWDGR

)XQomRGH&KHIHGH(VWDGR

(VWDGRGHGHIHVD
YLL'HFUHWDU

(VWDGRGHVtWLR
,QWHUYHQomRIHGHUDO

'HFUHWDUHH[HFXWDU

YLLL&RQFHGHULQGXOWRHFRPXWDUSHQDVFRPDXGLrQFLDVHQHFHVViULRGRVyUJmRVLQVWLWXtGRVHPOHL
3UHVLGHQWHSRGHGHOHJDUDR3URFXUDGRU*HUDOGD5HS~EOLFD

L[([HUFHURFRPDQGR
VXSUHPRGDV)RUoDV$UPDGDV

1RPHDURV
&RPDQGDQWHV

GD0DULQKD
GR([pUFLWR
HGD$HURQiXWLFD

3URPRYHUVHXVRILFLDLVJHQHUDLV
, 0LQLVWURVGR6XSUHPR7ULEXQDO)HGHUDO 67)

$WULEXLo}HVGR
3UHVLGHQWHGD
5HS~EOLFD
&)DUW
[L1RPHDU

[1RPHDUDSyV DSURYDomR
SHOR6HQDGR)HGHUDO

,, 7ULEXQDLV6XSHULRUHV 67-767


,,, *RYHUQDGRUHVGH7HUULWyULRV
,9 3URFXUDGRU*HUDOGD5HS~EOLFD 3*5
9 3UHVLGHQWHHRVGLUHWRUHVGR%DQFR&HQWUDO

, 0LQLVWURVGR7ULEXQDOGH&RQWDVGD8QLmR 7&8

2EVHUYDGRRGLVSRVWRQRDUW

,, 0DJLVWUDGRVQRVFDVRVSUHYLVWRVQD&)
,,, $GYRJDGR*HUDOGD8QLmR $*8
,9 0HPEURVGR&RQVHOKRGD5HS~EOLFD

1mRSUHFLVDGHDSURYDomRSUpYLDGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO
&RQVHOKRGD5HS~EOLFD

[LL&RQYRFDUHSUHVLGLU

&RQVHOKRGH'HIHVD1DFLRQDO
1RFDVRGHDJUHVVmRHVWUDQJHLUD

[LLL'HFODUDUJXHUUD

)XQomRGH
&KHIHGH(VWDGR

$XWRUL]DGRSHOR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
2XUHIHUHQGDGRSRUHOHTXDQGRRFRUULGDQRLQWHUYDORGDVVHVV}HVOHJLVODWLYDV

[LY&HOHEUDUDSD]

$XWRUL]DGRRXFRPRUHIHUHQGRGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO

[Y&RQIHULU FRQGHFRUDo}HVH GLVWLQo}HVKRQRUtILFDV


[YL 3HUPLWLUTXH
IRUoDVHVWUDQJHLUDV

7UDQVLWHPSHORWHUULWyULRQDFLRQDORX

7(0325$5,$0(17(

1HOHSHUPDQHoDP

&DVRVSUHYLVWRVHPOHLFRPSOHPHQWDU
[YLL(QYLDUDR
&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO

,3ODQRSOXULDQXDO33$
,,3URMHWRGHOHLGHGLUHWUL]HVRUoDPHQWiULDV/'2
,,,3URSRVWDVGHRUoDPHQWR/2$HFUpGLWRVDGLFLRQDLV

[YLLL 3UHVWDUFRQWDV
DQXDOPHQWH

$R &RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
'HQWURGH VHVVHQWD GLDVDSyVDDEHUWXUDGDVHVVmROHJLVODWLYD
5HIHUHQWHVDRH[HUFtFLRDQWHULRU

[L[ 3URYHUHH[WLQJXLURVFDUJRVS~EOLFRVIHGHUDLVQDIRUPDGDOHL
3UHVLGHQWH SRGH GHOHJDU DR $GYRJDGR*HUDO GD 8QLmR
VyDSDUWHSURYHUFDUJRVS~EOLFRVIHGHUDLV
[[(GLWDU PHGLGDVSURYLVyULDVFRPIRUoDGHOHL

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

59

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 7 - Poder Executivo

5(63216$%,/,=$d2'235(6,'(17('$5(3%/,&$
635905

,QIUDo}HVSROtWLFRDGPLQLVWUDWLYDVGHILQLGDVHPOHLHVSHFLDOIHGHUDO
3RGHPUHVXOWDUQRLPSHGLPHQWRSDUDR
H[HUFtFLRGDIXQomRS~EOLFD LPSHDFKPHQW

D &RQFHLWR

L$H[LVWrQFLDGD8QLmR
$WRVTXHDWHQWHP
FRQWUDD&)H
HVSHFLDOPHQWH
FRQWUD

LL2OLYUHH[HUFtFLRGRVGHPDLV3RGHUHVGR03HGRV
3RGHUHVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVGDVXQLGDGHVGD)HGHUDomR
LLL2H[HUFtFLRGRVGLUHLWRVSROtWLFRVLQGLYLGXDLVHVRFLDLV
LY$VHJXUDQoDLQWHUQDGR3DtV
Y$SURELGDGHQDDGPLQLVWUDomR

E +LSyWHVHV

YL$OHLRUoDPHQWiULD
YLL2FXPSULPHQWRGDVOHLVHGDVGHFLV}HVMXGLFLDLV
GRVPHPEURV

L $XWRUL]DomRGD
&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV

&ULPHVGH
UHVSRQVDELOLGDGH

-Xt]RGHDGPLVVLELOLGDGH

1DWXUH]DSROtWLFD

-XOJDPHQWRGHQDWXUH]DSROtWLFD
LL -XOJDPHQWRGR
6HQDGR)HGHUDO

GRVPHPEURV
eSUHVLGLGRSHOR3UHVLGHQWHGR67)
2 3RGHU-XGLFLiULRQmR SRGHUHIRUPDUR
PpULWRGDGHFLVmRGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO

F 3URFHVVR

LLL3UHVLGHQWHILFDUiVXVSHQVR
GHVXDVIXQo}HV

1RVFULPHVGHUHVSRQVDELOLGDGHDSyVD
LQVWDXUDomRGRSURFHVVRSHOR6HQDGR

LY'HFRUULGRRSUD]RGHGLDVVHRMXOJDPHQWRQmR
HVWLYHU FRQFOXtGR FHVVDUi R DIDVWDPHQWR GR 3UHVLGHQWH
VHPSUHMXt]RGRUHJXODUSURVVHJXLPHQWRGRSURFHVVR

5HVSRQVDELOL]DomR
GR3UHVLGHQWHGD
5HS~EOLFD

3HUGDGRFDUJR
G &RQGHQDomR

,QDELOLWDomRSRURLWRDQRVSDUD
RH[HUFtFLRGHIXQomRS~EOLFD

1mRpDWpDQRV
eH[DWDPHQWHDQRV

6HPSUHMXt]RGDVGHPDLVVDQo}HVMXGLFLDLVFDEtYHLV

D ,PXQLGDGHVPDWHULDLV

1mRSRVVXL

1HFHVVLGDGHGHDXWRUL]DomR
GD&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV
L)RUPDomR
GRSURFHVVR

LL3ULV}HVWHPSRUiULDV
E ,PXQLGDGHV
SURFHVVXDLV
IRUPDLV

 &ULPHV
FRPXQV

LLL $WRV HVWUDQKRV DR


H[HUFtFLRGRPDQGDWR

GRVPHPEURV
-Xt]RGHDGPLVVLELOLGDGH
1DWXUH]DSROtWLFD

3UHVLGHQWH QmRVHUiSUHVRHQTXDQWR
QmRVREUHYLHUVHQWHQoDFRQGHQDWyULD
&ULPHVFRPXQV TXH QmRJXDUGHP
SHUWLQrQFLDFRPRH[HUFtFLRGDSUHVLGrQFLD

1DYLJrQFLDGRPDQGDWRR3UHVLGHQWH
QmRUHVSRQGHUi SHODSUiWLFDGHDWRV
HVWUDQKRVDRH[HUFtFLRGHVXDVIXQo}HV
,UUHVSRQVDELOLGDGH
WHPSRUiULD

3UHVLGHQWHUHVSRQGHUiSRUHYHQWXDOFULPH
TXH QmRWHQKDFRQH[mRFRPRH[HUFtFLR
GDSUHVLGrQFLDVRPHQWHDSyVRWpUPLQR
GRPDQGDWRSHUDQWHD-XVWLoD&RPXP

-Xt]RGHDGPLVVLELOLGDGHGD&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV GRVPHPEURV
-XOJDPHQWRSHUDQWHR67)
F  &ULPHVFRPXQVTXH
JXDUGHPSHUWLQrQFLD
FRPRH[HUFtFLRGD
SUHVLGrQFLD

3UHVLGHQWHILFDUiVXVSHQVRGHVXDVIXQo}HVQDVLQIUDo}HVSHQDLV
FRPXQVVHUHFHELGDDGHQ~QFLDRXTXHL[DFULPHSHOR67)
$IDVWDPHQWRGR3UHVLGHQWH

3UD]RPi[LPRGHGLDVVHPSUHMXt]R
GRUHJXODUSURVVHJXLPHQWRGRSURFHVVR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


60

Cap. 8 - Poder Judicirio

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

32'(5-8',&,5,2,
6XSUHPR7ULEXQDO)HGHUDO
67(VWUXWXUD
GR 3RGHU
-XGLFLiULR

767

76(

7-

75)

757

75(

-Xt]HVGH
'LUHLWR

-Xt]HV
)HGHUDLV

-Xt]HVGR
7UDEDOKR

-Xt]HV
(OHLWRUDLV

670

-Xt]HV
0LOLWDUHV

$OpPGHVVHVyUJmRVWDPEpPLQWHJUDR3RGHU
-XGLFLiULRR&RQVHOKR1DFLRQDOGH-XVWLoD&1)XQomRMXULVGLFLRQDO RXGHMXOJDPHQWR
D )XQomRWtSLFD

)XQF}HV
WtSLFDV H
DWtSLFDV

E )XQomR
DWtSLFD

'L]HUHDSOLFDUR'LUHLWRjVFRQWURYpUVLDVDHOHVXEPHWLGDV
L$GPLQLVWUDWLYD
LL/HJLVODWLYD

4XDQGRDGPLQLVWUDVHXVEHQVVHUYLoRVHSHVVRDO
4XDQGRSURGX]QRUPDVJHUDLVDSOLFiYHLVQRVHXkPELWR

6mRSUHUURJDWLYDVTXHDVVHJXUDPDR-XGLFLiULRDQHFHVViULD
LQGHSHQGrQFLDSDUDRH[HUFtFLRGHVXDVIXQo}HVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLV
L 6mR FULPHV GH UHVSRQVDELOLGDGH GR3UHVLGHQWH GD 5HS~EOLFD RV DWRV
TXHDWHQWHPFRQWUDROLYUHH[HUFtFLRGR-XGLFLiULR &)DUW,,

*DUDQWLDV
GR 3RGHU
-XGLFLiULR

*DUDQWLDV

3RGHU
-XGLFLiULR

LL 3URLELomR TXH DV JDUDQWLDV GR -XGLFLiULR


VHMDP GLVFLSOLQDGDV SRU PHGLGD SURYLVyULD
RXSRUOHLGHOHJDGD
LLL $XWRQRPLD DGPLQLVWUDWLYD
HILQDQFHLUD

&)DUW,F
&)DUW,

&)DUW
7ULEXQDLVHODERUDPVXDVSUySULDV
SURSRVWDVRUoDPHQWiULDV

6yVHUiDGTXLULGDDSyVRFXPSULPHQWRGRHVWiJLRSUREDWyULRGHDQRV
$GTXLULGDDYLWDOLFLHGDGHRPDJLVWUDGRVySHUGHUiRVHXFDUJR
HPYLUWXGHGHVHQWHQoDMXGLFLDOWUDQVLWDGDHPMXOJDGR
D 9LWDOLFLHGDGH

0DJLVWUDGRVTXHLQJUHVVDPQR3RGHU-XGLFLiULRSHODUHJUDGR
TXLQWRFRQVWLWXFLRQDODGTXLUHPYLWDOLFLHGDGHLPHGLDWDPHQWH
QRPRPHQWRHPTXHWRPDPSRVVH
$VVHJXUDTXHRPDJLVWUDGRVVRPHQWHSRGHUmR
VHUUHPRYLGRVSRULQLFLDWLYDSUySULD HQmRGH
RItFLRSRULQLFLDWLYDGHTXDOTXHUDXWRULGDGH

*DUDQWLDVDRV
PDJLVWUDGRV
E ,QDPRYLELOLGDGH

1mRLPSHGHTXHRPDJLVWUDGRVHMDUHPRYLGRSRUGHWHUPLQDomRGR
&1-DWtWXORGHVDQomRDGPLQLVWUDWLYDDVVHJXUDGDDDPSODGHIHVD
&)DUW%,,,

F  ,UUHGXWLELOLGDGH
GHVXEVtGLR

2EMHWLYDHYLWDUTXHDDWXDomRGRPDJLVWUDGRVHMDREMHWRGH
SUHVV}HVDGYLQGDVGDUHGXomRUHPXQHUDWyULDJDUDQWLQGRD
LQGHSHGrQFLDSDUDH[HUFtFLRGDVIXQo}HV
$LUUHGXWLELOLGDGHpQRPLQDO QmRpLUUHGXWLELOLGDGHUHDO

7HPSRULQWXLWRDVVHJXUDUPDLRULPSDUFLDOLGDGHDRH[HUFtFLRGDPDJLVWUDWXUD
L ([HUFHUDLQGDTXHHPGLVSRQLELOLGDGHRXWUR
FDUJRRXIXQomRVDOYRXPDGHPDJLVWpULR
LL 5HFHEHUDTXDOTXHUWtWXORRXSUHWH[WRFXVWDVRXSDUWLFLSDomRHPSURFHVVR

9HGDo}HV

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

LLL 'HGLFDUVHjDWLYLGDGHSROtWLFRSDUWLGiULD
&DVRV

LY 5HFHEHUDTXDOTXHUWtWXORRXSUHWH[WRDX[tOLRVRXFRQWULEXLo}HV
UHVVDOYDGDVH[FHo}HVSUHYLVWDVHPOHL
Y([HUFHUDDGYRFDFLDQRMXt]RRXWULEXQDOGRTXDOVHDIDVWRX
DQWHVGHGHFRUULGRWUrVDQRVGRDIDVWDPHQWRGRFDUJR
61

Cap. 8 - Poder Judicirio

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

32'(5-8',&,5,2,,
&ULDGRSHOD(&R&1-WHPDLQFXPErQFLDGHUHDOL]DURFRQWUROHGDDWXDomRDGPLQLVWUDWLYD
HILQDQFHLUDGR3RGHU-XGLFLiULRHGRFXPSULPHQWRGRVGHYHUHVIXQFLRQDLVGRVMXt]HV
2&1-pyUJmR HPLQHQWHPHQWHDGPLQLVWUDWLYR QmRGLVSRQGRGHIXQo}HVMXULVGLFLRQDLV
&RQVWLWXLyUJmRGHFRQWUROHLQWHUQRGR3RGHU-XGLFLiULR HQmR GH FRQWUROHH[WHUQR

&RQVHOKR
1DFLRQDO
GH-XVWLoD

2&1- QmRWHPQHQKXPDFRPSHWrQFLDVREUHR67)HVHXVPLQLVWURV
VHQGRR67)RyUJmRPi[LPRGR3RGHU-XGLFLiULRQDFLRQDO
2&1-VHUiSUHVLGLGRSHORSUHVLGHQWHGR67)HQDVVXDVDXVrQFLDVRX
LPSHGLPHQWRVSHOR9LFH3UHVLGHQWHGHVVH7ULEXQDO &)DUW%
$(&DIDVWRX D VXEPLVVmRGRVQRPHVGR3UHVLGHQWHHGR9LFH3UHVLGHQWHGR67)jDSURYDomR
GDPDLRULDDEVROXWDGR6HQDGR)HGHUDOFRPRFRQGLomRSUpYLDSDUDDQRPHDomRSDUDR&RQVHOKR
'HPDLVPHPEURVGR&1-FRQWLQXDPVHQGRQRPHDGRVSHOR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFDGHSRLV
GHDSURYDGDDHVFROKDSHODPDLRULDDEVROXWDGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO &)DUW%
267)FRPS}HVHGHPHPEURVQRPHDGRVSHOR3UHVLGHQWHGD
5HS~EOLFDDSyVDSURYDomRSHODPDLRULDDEVROXWDGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO
23UHVLGHQWHpOLYUHSDUD
HVFROKHUREVHUYDGRVRV
UHTXLVLWRVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLV

L,GDGHHQWUHHDQRV
LL6HUEUDVLOHLURQDWR
LLL6HUFLGDGmRQRSHORJR]RGRVGLUHLWRVSROtWLFRV
LY3RVVXLUQRWiYHOVDEHUMXUtGLFRHUHSXWDomRLOLEDGD
4XDQGRR67)SURFHVVDHMXOJD
RULJLQDULDPHQWHDPDWpULDHP~QLFDLQVWkQFLD

D 2ULJLQiULD

6XSUHPR
7ULEXQDO
)HGHUDO

5ROH[DXVWLYR

&)DUW,
1XPHUXVFODXVXV

4XDQGRR67)DSUHFLDDPDWpULDDHOHFKHJDGD
PHGLDQWHUHFXUVRRUGLQiULRRX H[WUDRUGLQiULR
$VFRPSHWrQFLDV
GR67)HVWmR
HQXPHUDGDVQR
DUWGD&)

,2FULPHSROtWLFR
L 5HFXUVR
2UGLQiULR
&)DUW,,

,,2 KDEHDVFRUSXV RPDQGDGRGHVHJXUDQoDR


KDEHDVGDWD HRPDQGDGRGHLQMXQomRGHFLGLGRV
HPLQVWkQFLD~QLFD SHORV7ULEXQDLV6XSHULRUHV
VH GHQHJDWyULDDGHFLVmR
,&RQWUDULDUGLVSRVLWLYRGD&RQVWLWXLomR)HGHUDO

E 5HFXUVDO

,,'HFODUDUDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
GH WUDWDGRRX OHLIHGHUDO

3RGHU
-XGLFLiULR

LL5HFXUVR
([WUDRUGLQiULR

,,,-XOJDUYiOLGDOHL RXDWRGHJRYHUQRORFDO
FRQWHVWDGRHPIDFHGD&RQVWLWXLomR)HGHUDO
,9-XOJDUYiOLGDOHLORFDOFRQWHVWDGD
HPIDFHGHOHLIHGHUDO

&)DUW,,,

267-FRPS}HVHGHQRPtQLPRWULQWDHWUrV0LQLVWURVQRPHDGRVSHOR3UHVLGHQWH
GD5HS~EOLFDDSyVDSURYDomRSHODPDLRULDDEVROXWDGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO
$&)RXWRUJRXDR67-DPLVVmRGHJXDUGLmR GR RUGHQDPHQWRMXUtGLFR)('(5$/
LGHMXt]HVGRV7ULEXQDLV5HJLRQDLV)HGHUDLV75)
$ FRPSRVLomR
GHYHVHJXLU

LLGHGHVHPEDUJDGRUHVGRV7ULEXQDLVGH-XVWLoDHVWDGXDLV7LLLGLYLGLGRVHQWUH

GHDGYRJDGRV
GHPHPEURVGR0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR)HGHUDOHVWDGXDLVHGR')
4XDQGRR67-pDFLRQDGRGLUHWDPHQWHQDV
Do}HVHPTXHFDEHDHOHRSULPHLURMXOJDPHQWR

D 2ULJLQiULD

&)DUW,
4XDQGRR67-DSUHFLDUHFXUVRVRUGLQiULRVRX HVSHFLDLV

6XSHULRU
7ULEXQDO
GH-XVWLoD

,2V KDEHDVFRUSXV GHFLGLGRVHP~QLFD RX ~OWLPD


LQVWkQFLD SHORV75)VRXSHORVWULEXQDLVGRV
(VWDGRVGR')TXDQGRDGHFLVmRpGHQHJDWyULD
$V FRPSHWrQFLDV
GR67-HVWmR
HQXPHUDGDVQR
DUWGD&)

L5HFXUVR
2UGLQiULR
E 5HFXUVDO

&)DUW,,

,,2VPDQGDGRVGHVHJXUDQoDGHFLGLGRVHP
~QLFDLQVWkQFLDSHORV75)VHSHORV7-V
TXDQGRGHQHJDWyULDDGHFLVmR
,,,$VFDXVDVHPTXHIRUHPSDUWHV(VWDGR
HVWUDQJHLURRX RUJDQLVPRLQWHUQDFLRQDO
GHXPODGRHGRRXWUR 0XQLFtSLRRX
SHVVRDUHVLGHQWHRX GRPLFLOLDGDQR3DtV
4XDQGRDGHFLVmRUHFRUULGDHP~QLFD
RX ~OWLPDLQVWkQFLDSHORV75)VRX7-V
,&RQWUDULDU WUDWDGRRX OHLIHGHUDO
RXQHJDUOKHVYLJrQFLD

LL5HFXUVR
(VSHFLDO
&)DUW,,,
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

,,-XOJDUYiOLGRDWR GHJRYHUQRORFDO
FRQWHVWDGRHPIDFHGHOHLIHGHUDO
,,,'HUDOHLIHGHUDOLQWHUSUHWDomR GLYHUJHQWH
GDTXHOKHKDMDDWULEXtGRRXWURWULEXQDO
62

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 9 - Ministrio Pblico

0,1,67e5,23%/,&2,
&RQFHLWR

eLQVWLWXLomRSHUPDQHQWHHVVHQFLDOjIXQomRMXULVGLFLRQDOGR(VWDGRLQFXPELQGROKHDGHIHVD
GDRUGHPMXUtGLFDGR UHJLPHGHPRFUiWLFRHGRV LQWHUHVVHVVRFLDLVH LQGLYLGXDLVLQGLVSRQtYHLV

20LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR 03 pXQRFRQVWLWXLXP~QLFRyUJmRFRPWRGRVRVVHXV
PHPEURVDGPLQLVWUDWLYDPHQWHFKHILDGRVSRUXP~QLFR3URFXUDGRU*HUDO

D 8QLGDGH

'HYHVHUHQWHQGLGRFRPRDSOLFiYHOLQWHUQDPHQWH
QRkPELWRGHFDGDXPGRVGLIHUHQWHVUDPRVGR03
1mRVHIDODHPXQLGDGHSRUH[HPSORHQWUHR0LQLVWpULR
3~EOLFR)HGHUDOHR0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFRGR7UDEDOKR
7RGDDWXDomRGR03pLPSXWDGDDRUHVSHFWLYRyUJmRHQmRDVHXVPHPEURV

E ,QGLYLVLELOLGDGH

7HPDSOLFDomRUHVWULWDDRkPELWRGHFDGDXPGRVUDPRVGR0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR
0HPEURVGR03QRGHVHPSHQKRGHVXDVDWULEXLo}HVLQVWLWXFLRQDLV
QmRVHVXERUGLQDPIXQFLRQDOPHQWHDQLQJXpPDQHQKXPGRVWUrV
3RGHUHVGD5HS~EOLFDQHPDRUHVSHFWLYR3URFXUDGRU*HUDO

3ULQFtSLRV

6XERUGLQDPVH WmRVRPHQWHj&)H jVOHLV


TXHGLWDPRVSURFHGLPHQWRVSDUDVXDDWXDomR

F  ,QGHSHQGrQFLD
IXQFLRQDO

6XERUGLQDomRHQWUHRVPHPEURVGR03HR
3URFXUDGRU*HUDOpPHUDPHQWHDGPLQLVWUDWLYD
L )XQo}HVGR03VRPHQWHSRGHUmRVHU GHVHPSHQKDGDVSHORV
VHXVPHPEURVLQYHVWLGRVQRH[HUFtFLRGRFDUJRFRPHVWUHLWD
REVHUYkQFLDGDVUHJUDVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVLQHUHQWHV

G  3URPRWRU
QDWXUDO

LL1mRSRGHUmRRVPHPEURVGR03VHUFDVXLVWLFDPHQWHGHVLJQDGRV
SDUD DWXDUHP HP SURFHVVRV HVSHFtILFRV HP GHVUHVSHLWR DRV
SURFHGLPHQWRVSUHYLDPHQWHIL[DGRVQDOHJLVODomRGHUHJrQFLD
&RPSHWrQFLDSDUD3URSRUDR3RGHU/HJLVODWLYR
L$XWRQRPLD
DGPLQLVWUDWLYD

H  $XWRQRPLD
DGPLQLVWUDWLYD
ILQDQFHLUD

,&ULDomRHH[WLQomRGHVHXVFDUJRVHVHUYLoRVDX[LOLDUHV
,,3ROtWLFDUHPXQHUDWyULDHRVSODQRVGHFDUUHLUD

LL$XWRQRPLDILQDQFHLUD

0LQLVWpULR
3~EOLFR

(ODERUDSURSRVWDRUoDPHQWiULDOLPLWHVGD/'2

3URFXUDGRU*HUDOGD5HS~EOLFD 
L &KHIHGR0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFRGD8QLmR 038
1RPHDGRSHOR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFDGHQWUH
LL LQWHJUDQWHVGDFDUUHLUDPDLRUHVGHDQRV
$SyVDDSURYDomRGHVHXQRPHSHODPDLRULD
LLL DEVROXWDGRVPHPEURVGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO
LY 0DQGDWRGHGRLVDQRVSHUPLWLGDDUHFRQGXomR

3*5

3RGHUiVHU
VXFHVVLYDPHQWH
Y UHFRQGX]LGR

D 03GD
8QLmR

,0DQLIHVWDomRGHLQWHUHVVHGR
3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
,,$SURYDomRGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO
SRUPDLRULDDEVROXWD

'HPDLV3*V HVWDGXDLV VySRGHUmRVHU


UHFRQGX]LGRVSRUXPD~QLFDYH]
,5HSUHVHQWDomRGR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
YL 'HVWLWXLomR

&RPSRVLomR
HFKHILDV

,,'HOLEHUDomRGDPDLRULDDEVROXWD
GR6HQDGR)HGHUDO YRWRVHFUHWR

L0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR)HGHUDO 03)

3*5pWDPEpPRFKHIHGR03)

LL0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFRGR7UDEDOKR
&RPSRVLomR

LLL0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR0LOLWDU
3URFXUDGRU*HUDOGH-XVWLoDGR')p
LY0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFRGR
'LVWULWR)HGHUDOH7HUULWyULRV QRPHDGRSHOR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD

L 3URFXUDGRU*HUDOGH-XVWLoD &KHIHGR0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFR(VWDGXDO
LL1RPHDGRSHOR*RYHUQDGRUDSDUWLUGHOLVWDWUtSOLFHHODERUDGD
SHORSUySULR03GHQWUHLQWHJUDQWHVGDFDUUHLUD
E 03GRV
(VWDGRV

LLL0DQGDWRGHGRLVDQRVSHUPLWLGDXPD~QLFDUHFRQGXomR
3*-

LY3RGHU/HJLVODWLYRQmRSDUWLFLSDGDHVFROKD
,,QLFLDWLYDGR*RYHUQDGRU
Y'HVWLWXLomR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

,,'HOLEHUDomRGDPDLRULDDEVROXWD
GD$VVHPEOpLD/HJLVODWLYD
63

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 9 - Ministrio Pblico

0,1,67e5,23%/,&2,,
2UJDQL]DGRVHP/HL&RPSOHPHQWDU

,QLFLDWLYDGH/HL
GH2UJDQL]DomR

,QLFLDWLYDpFRQFRUUHQWHHQWUHR&KHIHGR([HFXWLYRHRUHVSHFWLYR3URFXUDGRU*HUDO
1RUPDVJHUDLVIL[DGDVSHOR&1PHGLDQWHOHLGHLQLFLDWLYD
SULYDWLYDGR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD &)DUW,,G

03(VWDGXDO

$GTXLULGDDSyVGRLVDQRVGHH[HUFtFLR
D 9LWDOLFLHGDGH

$SyVDGTXLULGDVySHUGHRFDUJRSRUVHQWHQoDMXGLFLDOWUDQVLWDGDHPMXOJDGR
2VPHPEURVGR03VRPHQWHSRGHPVHUUHPRYLGRVSRULQLFLDWLYDSUySULDHQmRGHRItFLR

*DUDQWLDV

E ,QDPRYLELOLGDGH

1mRpDEVROXWD

3RGHPVHUDIDVWDGRVSRULQWHUHVVHS~EOLFR
3RUGHFLVmRGHPDLRULDDEVROXWDGRyUJmRFROHJLDGR

$LUUHGXWLELOLGDGHGRVVXEVtGLRVpQRPLQDO
F ,UUHGXWLELOLGDGHGHVXEVtGLRV

1mR pDVVHJXUDGDDLUUHGXWLELOLGDGHUHDO

L 5HFHEHU DTXDOTXHUWtWXORHVRETXDOTXHUSUHWH[WRKRQRUiULRV SHUFHQWDJHQVRX FXVWDVSURFHVVXDLV


LL ([HUFHUDDGYRFDFLD
LLL 3DUWLFLSDUGHVRFLHGDGHFRPHUFLDO QDIRUPDGDOHL

9HGDo}HV

LY ([HUFHU DLQGDTXHHPGLVSRQLELOLGDGHTXDOTXHURXWUDIXQomRS~EOLFD VDOYRXPDGH PDJLVWpULR


Y ([HUFHUDWLYLGDGHSROtWLFRSDUWLGiULD9HGDomRDEVROXWD
5HFHEHUDTXDOTXHUWtWXORRXSUHWH[WRDX[tOLRV RX FRQWULEXLo}HVGHSHVVRDVItVLFDV
YL HQWLGDGHVS~EOLFDVRXSULYDGDVUHVVDOYDGDVDV H[FHo}HVSUHYLVWDVHPOHL
L3URPRYHU SULYDWLYDPHQWH D DomRSHQDOS~EOLFD QDIRUPDGDOHL
LL=HODUSHORHIHWLYRUHVSHLWRGRVSRGHUHVS~EOLFRVHGRVVHUYLoRVGHUHOHYkQFLDS~EOLFDDRVGLUHLWRV
DVVHJXUDGRVQHVWD&RQVWLWXLomRSURPRYHQGRDVPHGLGDVQHFHVViULDVDVXDJDUDQWLD
LLL3URPRYHUR LQTXpULWRFLYLOHD DomRFLYLOS~EOLFDSDUDDSURWHomRGRSDWULP{QLR
S~EOLFRHVRFLDOGRPHLRDPELHQWHHGHRXWURVLQWHUHVVHVGLIXVRVHFROHWLYRV

1mRpSULYDWLYR

LY3URPRYHUDDomRGHLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHRX UHSUHVHQWDomRSDUD ILQV


GH LQWHUYHQomR GD8QLmRHGRV(VWDGRVQRVFDVRVSUHYLVWRVQD&)

)XQo}HV

0LQLVWpULR
3~EOLFR

Y 'HIHQGHUMXGLFLDOPHQWHRVGLUHLWRVHLQWHUHVVHVGDVSRSXODo}HVLQGtJHQDV
YL ([SHGLU QRWLILFDo}HV QRV SURFHGLPHQWRV DGPLQLVWUDWLYRV GH VXD FRPSHWrQFLD UHTXLVLWDQGR
LQIRUPDo}HVHGRFXPHQWRVSDUDLQVWUXtORVQDIRUPDGDOHLFRPSOHPHQWDUUHVSHFWLYD
YLL([HUFHURFRQWUROHH[WHUQRGDDWLYLGDGHSROLFLDO QDIRUPDGDOHLFRPSOHPHQWDU
YLLL5HTXLVLWDUGLOLJrQFLDVLQYHVWLJDWyULDVHD LQVWDXUDomRGHLQTXpULWRSROLFLDO
LQGLFDGRVRVIXQGDPHQWRVMXUtGLFRVGHVXDVPDQLIHVWDo}HVSURFHVVXDLV
L[ ([HUFHU RXWUDVIXQo}HVTXH OKH IRUHP FRQIHULGDVGHVGH TXH FRPSDWtYHLV FRP VXD ILQDOLGDGH
VHQGROKHYHGDGDD UHSUHVHQWDomRMXGLFLDOHD FRQVXOWRULDMXUtGLFDGH HQWLGDGHVS~EOLFDV
,QWHJUDPDUHVSHFWLYD&RUWHGH&RQWDV

 0LQLVWpULR 3~EOLFR MXQWR


DRV7ULEXQDLVGH&RQWDV

6XDRUJDQL]DomRpYHLFXODGDSRUPHLRGHOHLRUGLQiULD
$LQLFLDWLYDGHOHLGHVXDRUJDQL]DomRpSULYDWLYDGDUHVSHFWLYD&RUWHGH&RQWDV
67)
L3*5

D 0HPEURV
GR038

&ULPHVFRPXQV

6HQDGR)HGHUDO

LL$WXDPSHUDQWH
MXt]HVIHGHUDLV

75)

-XOJDPHQWR GH
VHXV0HPEURV
L$WXDPSHUDQWH7E 0HPEURV GR
03HVWDGXDO

&ULPHVGHUHVSRQVDELOLGDGH
&ULPHVFRPXQVHGHUHVSRQVDELOLGDGH
5HVVDOYDGDDFRPSHWrQFLDGD-XVWLoD(OHLWRUDO
67-

&ULPHVFRPXQVHGHUHVSRQVDELOLGDGH

LL$WXDPSHUDQWHMXt]GHLQVWkQFLD
6HQDGR)HGHUDO

7ULEXQDLVGH-XVWLoD7-

&ULPHVGHUHVSRQVDELOLGDGH

F 0HPEURVGR&103
L&RQWURODUDDWXDomRDGPLQLVWUDWLYDHILQDQFHLUDGR03
D )XQo}HV

LL)LVFDOL]DU RFXPSULPHQWRGRVGHYHUHV IXQFLRQDLVGHVHXVPHPEURV SRUPHLR


GRGHVHPSHQKRGDVDWULEXLo}HVTXHOKHIRUDPFRQVWLWXFLRQDOPHQWHRXWRUJDGDV
L 23URFXUDGRU*HUDOGD5HS~EOLFDTXHRSUHVLGH

&RQVHOKR
1DFLRQDO GR
0LQLVWpULR
3~EOLFR &103

4XDWURPHPEURVGR038DVVHJXUDGD
LL DUHSUHVHQWDomRGHFDGDXPDGHVXDVFDUUHLUDV
LLL 7UrVPHPEURVGR0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFRGRV(VWDGRV
E &RPSRVLomR


PHPEURV

LY 'RLVMXt]HVLQGLFDGRVXPSHOR67)HRXWURSHOR67Y 'RLVDGYRJDGRVLQGLFDGRVSHOR&RQVHOKR)HGHUDOGD2$%


'RLVFLGDGmRVGHQRWiYHOVDEHUMXUtGLFRHUHSXWDomR
LOLEDGDLQGLFDGRVXPSHOD&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRVH
YL RXWURSHOR6HQDGR)HGHUDO

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

1RPHDGRVSHOR3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFDGHSRLVGHDSURYDGD
DHVFROKDSHODPDLRULDDEVROXWDGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO
64

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 10 - Controle de Constitucionalidade

&21752/('(&2167,78&,21$/,'$'(,
3ULQFtSLRGDVXSUHPDFLDIRUPDOGDFRQVWLWXLomR

D 5LJLGH]
FRQVWLWXFLRQDO

&RQWUROHGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHpGHFRUUrQFLDGDULJLGH]FRQVWLWXFLRQDO
$VOHLVSUHVXPHPVHFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVDWpTXHYHQKDDVHU
IRUPDOPHQWHGHFODUDGDDVXDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH

1Ro}HV
JHUDLV

'HFODUDomRGHLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHpPHGLGDH[FHSFLRQDO

E 3UHVXQomR GH
FRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
GDVOHLV

'HYHVHDQWHVGHVHGHFODUDUDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
GHXPDOHLEXVFDUDLQWHUSUHWDomRFRQIRUPHD&)
$VQRUPDVHPGHVDFRUGRFRPD&)GHYHPVHUGHFODUDGDV
LQFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVHUHWLUDGDVGRRUGHQDPHQWRMXUtGLFR
2FRQWUROHGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
VypSRVVtYHOQDVFRQVWLWXLo}HV

F 3ULQFtSLRGD
VXSUHPDFLDGD&)

5tJLGDV
(VFULWDV

2FRQWUROHpUHDOL]DGRSHOR3RGHU-XGLFLiULR
D -XULVGLFLRQDO

6LVWHPDV
GHFRQWUROH

$GRWDGRSHOD&RQVWLWXLomR)HGHUDOEUDVLOHLUD

2FRQWUROHpUHDOL]DGRSRUyUJmRTXHQmRLQWHJUDR3RGHU-XGLFLiULR
E 3ROLWLFR

([&RQVHOKR&RQVWLWXFLRQDOGD)UDQoD
2FRQWUROHpUHDOL]DGRHPSDUWHSHOR3RGHU-XGLFLiULR
HPSDUWHSRUyUJmRTXHQmRLQWHJUDR3RGHU-XGLFLiULR

F 0LVWR
3RVLWLYD4XDQGRSUDWLFDGRDWRFRPLVVLYR
SRVLWLYRTXHFRQWUDULDD&RQVWLWXLomR
L3RUDomR

D $omRH
RPLVVmR

([(ODERUDomRGHOHLFRQWUiULDj&)
1HJDWLYD
)DOWDGHHODERUDomRGHOHLTXHD&)
GHWHUPLQD QRUPDVGHHILFiFLDOLPLWDGD

LL3RURPLVVmR

'L]UHVSHLWRDRFRQWH~GRGRDWRQRUPDWLYR

&RQWUROHGH
&RQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH

L0DWHULDO

([03WUDWDUGHPDWpULDGHQDFLRQDOLGDGH DUW
)DOKDQRSURFHVVRSURFHGLPHQWROHJLVODWLYRGDIRUPDomRGDOHL

E 0DWHULDO
HIRUPDO

1DIDVHGHLQLFLDWLYD
9tFLRIRUPDO
VXEMHWLYR

LL)RUPDO

9tFLRIRUPDO
REMHWLYR

([4XDQGRDOJXpPTXHQmRROHJLWLPDGR
SURS}HXPDOHLGHLQLFLDWLYDH[FOXVLYD
1RSURFHVVRHPVL DSyVIDVHGHLQLFLDWLYD

$LQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHSRGHVHUGHWRGR WRWDO R
DWRQRUPDWLYRRXVRPHQWHGHSDUWHGHOH SDUFLDO

(VSpFLHVGH
LQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH

2-XGLFLiULRSRGHGHFODUDUDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGH
DSHQDVSDUWHGHDUWLJRSDUiJUDIRLQFLVRRXDOtQHD
F 7RWDOH
SDUFLDO

3RGHVHULQFOXVLYHGHDSHQDVXPD~QLFDSDODYUD
1mRSRGHDOWHUDURVHQWLGRGDQRUPD R-XGLFLiULRQmRSRGHOHJLVODU
1mRFRQIXQGLUFRPRYHWRSDUFLDOGR3UHVLGHQWHTXHSRGH
VHUDSHQDVGH72'2RDUWLJRSDUiJUDIRLQFLVRRXDOtQHD
'HVFRQIRUPLGDGHYHULILFDGDVHGiHQWUH
OHLVHDWRVQRUPDWLYRVSULPiULRVHD&)

G 'LUHWDH
LQGLUHWD

L'LUHWD

&RQIURQWRGLUHWRHQWUHQRUPDLQIUDFRQVWLWXFLRQDOHD&RQVWLWXLomR
2FRUUHQDVVLWXDo}HVHPTXHRYtFLRYHULILFDGR
QmRGHFRUUHGHYLRODomRGLUHWDGD&RQVWLWXLomR

LL,QGLUHWD

$TXLFDEHVRPHQWHRFRQWUROHGHOHJDOLGDGH
&RQIURQWRHQWUHOHLYV&)YLJHQWH
QRPRPHQWRGHVXDSURGXomR

L2ULJLQiULD
&RQIURQWRHQWUHOHLYV&)SRVWHULRU (&RXQRYD&)

H 2ULJLQiULDH
VXSHUYHQLHQWH
LL6XSHUYHQLHQWH

&DVRYHQKDDVHUHGLWDGDQRUPDFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
RULJLQiULDRXGHULYDGD TXHYiFRQWUDXPD/HL
HVWDpVLPSOHVPHQWH5(92*$'$
1mRH[LVWHLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
VXSHUYHQLHQWHQR%UDVLO

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


65

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 10 - Controle de Constitucionalidade

&21752/('(&2167,78&,21$/,'$'(,,
4XDQGRWRGRVRVyUJmRVGR3RGHU-XGLFLiULRMXt]HVHWULEXQDLV
SRGHPUHDOL]DURFRQWUROHGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGDVOHLV

D &RQWUROHGLIXVR

0RGHORV
GHFRQWUROH

4XDQGRVRPHQWHRyUJmRGHF~SXODGR3RGHU-XGLFLiULR
SRGHUHDOL]DURFRQWUROHGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGDVOHLV

E &RQWUROHFRQFHQWUDGR

1R%UDVLOR3RGHU-XGLFLiULRRUDDWXDQRPRGHORFRQFHQWUDGRRUDDWXDQRPRGHORGLIXVR PLVWR
2FRQWUROHpLQVWDXUDGRGLDQWHGHXPDFRQWURYpUVLD
FRQFUHWDFRPRILPGHDIDVWDUDDSOLFDomRGDOHLDRFDVR

7LSRVGH
FRQWUROH

9LVDDGHIHQGHUGLUHLWRFRQFUHWRGRDXWRUGDDomR

D ,QFLGHQWDO
 FRQFUHWD

,QFLGHQWDORXYLDGHH[FHomR
2FRQWUROHpLQVWDXUDGRHPWHVHQDGHIHVDGRRUGHQDPHQWRMXUtGLFR

E 3ULQFLSDO
 DEVWUDWD

9LVDDSUHVHUYDURRUGHQDPHQWRMXUtGLFRDVXSUHPDFLDGD&RQVWLWXLomR
$',Q$'3)$'&

9LDGHDomR

$SULRUL
7HPSRUILPHYLWDUDSURGXomRGHXPDQRUPDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
D 3UHYHQWLYR
3RGHU-XGLFLiULR

0RPHQWR
GRFRQWUROH

3(&TXHGHVUHVSHLWDFOiXVXODSpWUHD
9LD0DQGDGRGH6HJXUDQoD

$SRVWHULRUL
E 5HSUHVVLYR

7HPSRUILPUHWLUDUXPDQRUPDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOGRRUGHQDPHQWRMXUtGLFR
3RGHU-XGLFLiULRDWXDSUHGRPLQDQWHPHQWHGHIRUPDUHSUHVVLYD

2EV7RGRVRVWUrV3RGHUHVID]HPFRQWUROHSUHYHQWLYRHUHSUHVVLYR

&RQWUROHGH
&RQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH

&&-&RPLVVmRGH&RQVWLWXLomRH-XVWLoD
L&&-

$SUHFLDomRSUHYHQWLYDGDVSURSRVLo}HV
VXEPHWLGDVjGHOLEHUDomRGR3RGHU/HJLVODWLYR

LL9HWROHJLVODWLYR
D 3RGHU
/HJLVODWLYR

LLL$SUHFLDomR GH
PHGLGDVSURYLVyULDV

LY $WXDomRGR
6HQDGR)HGHUDO

L9HWRGR&KHIH
GR([HFXWLYR

)LVFDOL]DomR
QmRMXULVGLFLRQDO

E 3RGHU
([HFXWLYR

6XVWDomRGRVDWRVQRUPDWLYRVGR([HFXWLYR
TXHH[RUELWHPGRSRGHUUHJXODPHQWDU

LL,QDSOLFDomRGH
OHL SHOR&KHIH
GR([HFXWLYR

LLL 3URFHVVR GH
LQWHUYHQomR

23RGHU/HJLVODWLYRDSUHFLDDV03
VRERVDVSHFWRVIRUPDOHPDWHULDO

26HQDGRSRGHVXVSHQGHUDH[HFXomRGH
OHLGHFODUDGDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOHPGHFLVmR
GHILQLWLYDSHOR67)
&RQWUROHSROtWLFRUHSUHVVLYRGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
2&KHIHGR([HFXWLYRSRGHYHWDURSURMHWR
GHOHLSRUHQWHQGrORLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
2&KHIHGR([HFXWLYRIHGHUDOHVWDGXDORX
PXQLFLSDOSRGHDIDVWDUDDSOLFDomRGHOHL
SRUHOHFRQVLGHUDGDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
$WR
H[FHSFLRQDO

9ROWDDFXPSULUVHR-XGLFLiULRGHFODUDU
DFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGDQRUPD

1DVKLSyWHVHVFRQVWLWXFLRQDOPHQWHDGPLWLGDVR
&KHIHGR([HFXWLYRSRGHGHFUHWDUDLQWHUYHQomR
FRPRPHLRGHUHVWDEHOHFHURFXPSULPHQWRGD&)

1RH[HUFtFLRGHVXDVDWULEXLo}HVSRGHDSUHFLDUD
FRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGDVOHLVHGRVDWRVGR3RGHU3~EOLFR
F 7ULEXQDLV
GH&RQWDV

7ULEXQDOGH&RQWDVVy
ID]FRQWUROHGLIXVR-DPDLVUHDOL]DFRQWUROHDEVWUDWR
67)6~PXOD

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


66

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 10 - Controle de Constitucionalidade

&21752/('(&2167,78&,21$/,'$'(&21752/(',)862,
&RQFUHWR

)HLWRDSDUWLUGHXPFDVRFRQFUHWR
2REMHWLYRGDDomRQmRpGHFODUDUDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
PDVVLPSDUDVHREWHUXPGLUHLWRVXEMHWLYR

3RUYLDGHH[FHomR
RXSRUYLDGHGHIHVD
7DPEpP
FKDPDGRGH
,QFLGHQWDO
LQFLGHQWHUWDQWXP
LQGLUHWR

,QWURGXomR

2REMHWLYRGDDomRpXPGLUHLWRVXEMHWLYRHDGHFODUDomRGH
LQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHpXPPHLRSDUDVHDOFDQoDURGLUHLWR LQFLGHQWDO
$GHFODUDomRGHLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHQmRpDTXHVWmRSULQFLSDO
PDVVLPIHLWDGHIRUPDLQFLGHQWDO H[FHSFLRQDO
2FRQWUROHGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHpLQFLGHQWDODRREMHWRGDOLGH

6LVWHPD$PHULFDQRGH&RQWUROH

(8$

2ULJHP

&DVR0DUEXU\ YV 0DGLVRQ

6REYLJrQFLDGDDWXDO&)RXGHDQWHULRUHV
4XDOTXHUHVSpFLHQRUPDWLYD

1RUPDVYLJHQWHVRXMiUHYRJDGDV
1RUPDGHTXDOTXHUHVIHUD

2EMHWR

1RFRQWUROH&21&5(72
SRGHVHID]HUDDSUHFLDomRGH

,QFOXVLYHQRUPDVDQWHULRUHVj&)DWXDO

)HGHUDO(VWDGXDO0XQLFLSDO'LVWULWDO

&RQVWLWXLomR)HGHUDO
)UHQWHDTXDOTXHU
SDUkPHWURGHFRQWUROH

&RQVWLWXLomR(VWDGXDO
/HL2UJkQLFD0XQLFLSDO
/HL2UJkQFLDGR')

6yVHIDODHPFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGH/HLHPIDFHGD&)YLJHQWHjpSRFDGHVXDHGLomR
2EV

6HDFRPSDUDomRIRUHQWUH/(,HXPD129$&)pFDVRGHMXt]R
GH5(&(3d2HQmRGHFRQWUROHGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
1RFRQWUROHGLIXVRTXDOTXHUyUJmRGR3RGHU-XGLFLiULR MXL]RX WULEXQDO SRGHUiGHFODUDU
DLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGHXPDOHLDILPGHDIDVWDUVXDDSOLFDomRDRFDVRFRQFUHWR
$LQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHRXFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHVySRGHVHU
GHFODUDGDSHODGHFLVmRGDPDLRULDDEVROXWDGRVPHPEURVGR
7ULEXQDO 3OHQiULR RXGRUHVSHFWLYRyUJmRHVSHFLDO &)DUW

&RQWUROH
'LIXVR

UJmR
HVSHFLDO

&RPSHWrQFLD

5HVHUYDGH
SOHQiULR

4XDQGRR7ULEXQDOWHPPDLVGHMXOJDGRUHVSRGHVHUFULDGRR
yUJmRHVSHFLDOFRPQRPtQLPRHQRPi[LPRPHPEURV
&)DUWLQF;,

$H[LJrQFLDGHUHVHUYDGHSOHQiULRVRPHQWHpDSOLFiYHOjDSUHFLDomRGD
SULPHLUDFRQWURYpUVLDHQYROYHQGRDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGHXPDOHL
2VyUJmRVIUDFLRQiULRVQmRSUHFLVDPVXEPHWHUDR3OHQiULRRXDRyUJmR
HVSHFLDOVHHVWHVRXR3OHQRGR67)MiGHFLGLUDPDUHVSHLWRGRWHPD
9LRODDFOiXVXODGHUHVHUYDGHSOHQiULRDGHFLVmRGHyUJmRIUDFLRQiULRGHWULEXQDOTXH
HPERUDQmRGHFODUHH[SUHVVDPHQWHDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGHOHLRXDWRQRUPDWLYRGR
SRGHUS~EOLFRDIDVWDVXDLQFLGrQFLDQRWRGRRXHPSDUWH 6~PXOD9LQFXODQWH
L&RQFHQWUDGR
,&RPSHWrQFLDRULJLQiULD

267)ID]FRQWUROHGH
FRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH

,,5HFXUVRRUGLQiULR

&)DUW,,

LL 'LIXVR
,,,5HFXUVR
([WUDRUGLQiULR 5(

5HFRUUHQWHGHYHGHPRQVWUDUD
UHSHUFXVVmRJHUDOGRFDVR
&)DUW,,,

(PUHJUDR5HFXUVR([WUDRUGLQiULR 5( pYLDSUySULDGRFRQWUROHGLIXVRGR67)
4XDQGRRDWRQRUPDWLYR(VWDGXDORX0XQLFLSDOFRQWUDULD
QRUPDGD&RQVWLWXLomR(VWDGXDO&(DFRPSHWrQFLDSDUD
MXOJDU$',QpGR7ULEXQDOGH-XVWLoD(VWDGXDO7-

5HFXUVR
([WUDRUGLQiULR
&RQWUROH
DEVWUDWR
QRPRGHOR
GLIXVR

6HRSDUkPHWURGHFRQWUROH QRUPDGD&( IRUGHUHSURGXomRREULJDWyULD


GD&)DFRPSHWrQFLDFRQWLQXDVHQGRGR7-PDVHPWHVHFDEHUiUHFXUVR
H[WUDRUGLQiULRSDUDR67)FRQWUDGHFLVmRGR7&DEHRUHFXUVRH[WUDRUGLQiULRSRUTXHVHHVWiDIHULQGR
QDYHUGDGHXPSDUkPHWURGD&)HQmRGD&(
1HVVHFDVRDGHFLVmRSURIHULGDQR5(LQWHUSRVWRFRQWUDDFyUGmRGH
7-WHPHILFiFLDHUJDRPQHVSRUTXHVHWUDWDGHFRQWUROHDEVWUDWR
DLQGDTXHDYLDGR5(VHMDSUySULDGRFRQWUROHGLIXVR
$GHFLVmRQmRp
FRPXQLFDGD DR 6HQDGR
SDUDTXHVXVSHQGDDOHL

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

(PUHJUDHVVDGHFLVmR
pLUUHFRUUtYHO

,VVRVyYDOHSDUDRFRQWUROHFRQFUHWR
$GHFLVmRGR67)MiWHP HILFiFLDHUJDRPQHV
1mRSUHFLVDGDUHVHUYDGHSOHQiULRSDUDMXOJDUHVVH5(
67

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 10 - Controle de Constitucionalidade

&21752/('(&2167,78&,21$/,'$'(&21752/(',)862,,
$VGHFLV}HVSURIHULGDVQRFRQWUROHGLIXVRWHPHPUHJUDHIHLWRV

LQWHUSDUWHV H H[WXQF

$GHFLVmRQRFRQWUROHGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHLQFLGHQWDO
VyDOFDQoDDVSDUWHVGRSURFHVVR HILFiFLDLQWHUSDUWHV
$LQGDTXHDGHFLVmRWHQKDVLGRSURIHULGDSHOR67)

,QWHU
SDUWHV

([FHomR
jHILFiFLD
LQWHUSDUWHV

6HDGHFLVmRIRUSURIHULGDSHOR67) HDSHQDVSRUHVWH KiD


SRVVLELOLGDGHGHDPSOLDomRGRVHIHLWRVGDGHFODUDomRLQFLGHQWDO
GHLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH HILFiFLDHUJDRPQHV
L6XVSHQVmRGHH[HFXomRGHOHL
SRUDWRGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO
&DVRV

(IHLWRVGD
GHFLVmR

LL([FHSFLRQDOPHQWHR67)GiHIHLWR HUJD
RPQHV jVGHFLV}HVHPFRQWUROHGLIXVR

(PUHJUDDGHFLVmRQRFRQWUROHGLIXVRSURGX]HIHLWRVUHWURDWLYRV H[WXQF
267)SRGHGDUHIHLWRVH[QXQFRXSURIXWXUR PRGXODomRGHHIHLWRV

([WXQF

([FHomR
DRHIHLWR
H[WXQF

'HFLVmRGHYHVHUSURIHULGDSRUGRVPHPEURV
2FRUUHHPVLWXDo}HVH[FHSFLRQDLV

5D]}HVGHVHJXUDQoDMXUtGLFD
5HOHYDQWHLQWHUHVVHVRFLDO

'HFLVmRQmR YLQFXODRVGHPDLVyUJmRVGR-XGLFLiULR
HQHPD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD HIHLWRVLQWHUSDUWHV
'HFODUDGDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHSHODPDLRULDDEVROXWDGRSOHQiULRGR67)HVWH
FRPXQLFDDR6HQDGR)HGHUDOTXHSRGH RSFLRQDO VXVSHQGHUDH[HFXomRGDOHL
$VGHFLV}HVGRFRQWUROHFRQFHQWUDGR
MiSRVVXHPHILFiFLDHUJDRPQHV

(VVHFDVRYDOHVRPHQWHQR
FRQWUROHFRQFUHWR,1&,'(17$/

26HQDGRQmRpREULJDGRDVXVWDUDOHLGHFODUDGDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
PDVVHVXVWDUWHPTXHVHPDQWHUQRVOLPLWHVGDGHFLVmRGR67)

&RQWUROH
'LIXVR

$WXDomR
GR6HQDGR
)HGHUDO

1mRSRGHDPSOLDUUHVWULQJLURXPRGLILFDUDGHFLVmRGR67)WHPTXHVHUQRVH[DWRVOLPLWHV
26HQDGRVLPSOHVPHQWHHVWHQGHHUJDRPQHVRV
HIHLWRVGDGHFLVmRGR67) TXHHUDPLQWHUSDUWHV
&DEHFRQWUROHGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH FRQFHQWUDGRHGLIXVR GD5HVROXomRGR6HQDGR)HGHUDO
$FRPSHWrQFLDGR6HQDGRDOFDQoDOHLVIHGHUDLVHVWDGXDLVHPXQLFLSDLV
26HQDGR)HGHUDOVyVXVSHQGHOHL
GHFODUDGDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOSHOR67)

6HRXWURVyUJmRVGR-XGLFLiULRGHFODUDPD
LQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGHXPDOHLR6HQDGR
)HGHUDOQmRSRGHVXVSHQGHUHVVDOHL

L3RULQLFLDWLYDSUySULD GHRItFLR
D ,QLFLDWLYD

E $WXDomR
GR3*5

LL3RULQLFLDWLYDGHTXDOTXHUGRV
OHJLWLPDGRVQD&RQVWLWXLomRHQDOHL

&)DUWLQFLVRV,D,;
/HLDUWLQFLVRV,D;,

23*5QDVSURSRVWDVTXHQmRKRXYHUIRUPXODGRPDQLIHVWDUVHiSUHYLDPHQWH
jHGLomRUHYLVmRRXFDQFHODPHQWRGHHQXQFLDGRGHV~PXODYLQFXODQWH
/HLDUW
L0DWpULDFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
LL([LVWrQFLDGHUHLWHUDGDVGHFLV}HVGR67)VREUHHVVDPDWpULDFRQVWLWXFLRQDO

6~PXOD
9LQFXODQWH

F 5HTXLVLWRV

LLL([LVWrQFLDGHFRQWURYpUVLDDWXDO QHPIXWXUDQHPMiVXSHUDGD
HQWUHyUJmRVGRMXGLFLiULRRXHQWUHHVVHVHD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD
LY$FRQWURYpUVLDDFDUUHWHJUDYHLQVHJXUDQoDMXUtGLFDH
UHOHYDQWHPXOWLSOLFDomRGHSURFHVVRVVREUHTXHVWmRLGrQWLFD

G 'HOLEHUDomR

$DSURYDomRUHYLVmRRXFDQFHODPHQWRGHV~PXODYLQFXODQWH
H[LJHGHFLVmRGHGRVPHPEURVGR67)HPVHVVmRSOHQiULD
(PFDVRGHGHVFXPSULPHQWRGDV~PXODSRGHUiDSDUWH
SUHMXGLFDGDLQWHQWDUUHFODPDomRGLUHWDPHQWH SHUDQWHR67)

H 'HVFXPSULPHQWR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

&)DUW$

I 6~PXODVDQWHULRUHVj(&

eSRVVtYHOFRQIHULUHIHLWRYLQFXODQWHjVV~PXODVDQWHULRUHVj
(&GHYHQGRHVWDVHUFRQILUPDGDSRUGRVPLQLVWURV

68

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 10 - Controle de Constitucionalidade

$d2',5(7$'(,1&2167,78&,21$/,'$'($',Q,
$',Q$omR'LUHWDGH,QFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
'HFODUDomRGHLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGDOHLHQmRD
VROXomRGROLWtJLR FRPRpQRFRQWUROHGLIXVR
eLQVWUXPHQWRGHGHIHVDGRRUGHQDPHQWRMXUtGLFRHQmRGHGHIHVDGHGLUHLWRVVXEMHWLYRV

D 2EMHWLYR

1mRKiFDVRFRQFUHWR
'HYHPSRVVXLUJHQHUDOLGDGHHDEVWUDomR
6HR DWRQRUPDWLYRIRUGHHIHLWRFRQFUHWR
DWRDGPLQLVWUDWLYRPDWHULDO FRPREMHWR
GHWHUPLQDGRHGHVWLQDWiULRFHUWR

E 2EMHWR

L/HL HPVHQWLGRDPSOR
LL$WRVQRUPDWLYRVGHFDUiWHUDEVWUDWR

1mRFDEH$',Q
0DVFDEH0DQGDGRGH6HJXUDQoD

,QWURGXomR
&RQWUDOHLIRUPDOVHPSUHFDEH$',Q

$LQGDTXHVHMDOHLGHHIHLWRVFRQFUHWRV
$',0&')

$QRUPDDVHUFRQWURODGDGHYHHVWDUYLJHQWH
L(OHPHQWRWHPSRUDO
F (OHPHQWRV
HVVHQFLDLV

6HWLYHUVLGRUHYRJDGDFDEHDSHQDVRFRQWUROHFRQFUHWR

3DUkPHWURV
GHFRQWUROH
LL(OHPHQWR
FRQFHLWXDO

3UHkPEXOR

&RQVWLWXLomR
HPYLJRU

1RUPDVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVRULJLQiULDV
1RUPDVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVGHULYDGDV

1mRWHPUHOHYkQFLDMXUtGLFDVySROtWLFD
$',$&

&)DUW
3RGHPLPSXJQDUTXDOTXHUPDWpULDLQGHSHQGHQWHPHQWH
GHFRPSURYDomRGHLQWHUHVVH
L3UHVLGHQWHGD5HS~EOLFD
LL3URFXUDGRU*HUDOGD5HS~EOLFD

$',Q
D /HJLWLPDGRV
XQLYHUVDLV

/HJLWLPDGRV
XQLYHUVDLV

LLL0HVD

&kPDUDGRV'HSXWDGRV
6HQDGR)HGHUDO

LY&RQVHOKR)HGHUDOGD2$%
Y 3DUWLGR 3ROtWLFR FRP UHSUHVHQWDomR
QR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO &1
1HFHVVLWDGHDGYRJDGRSDUDSURSRVLWXUDGDDomR

6ySRGHPLPSXJQDUDPDWpULDHPUHODomRjTXDOFRPSURYHPLQWHUHVVH
YL*RYHUQDGRUGH(VWDGRHGR')

/HJLWLPDomR
DWLYD

E /HJLWLPDGRV
HVSHFLDLV

/HJLWLPDGRV
HVSHFLDLV

YLL 0HVD GH $VVHPEOpLD /HJLVODWLYD


HGD&kPDUD/HJLVODWLYDGR')
YLLL&RQIHGHUDomR VLQGLFDO RX HQWLGDGH
GHFODVVHGHkPELWRQDFLRQDO
1HFHVVLWDGHDGYRJDGRSDUDSURSRVLWXUDGDDomR

$VVRFLDomRGH
$VVRFLDomR

3RGHSURSRU$',Q
([ )HGHUDomR 1DFLRQDO GDV $VVRFLDo}HV GRV
3URGXWRUHVGH&DFKDoDGH$ODPELTXH
5HSUHVHQWDomRGRSDUWLGRSROtWLFRQR&1
SDUODPHQWDUHPTXDOTXHUGDV&DVDV

2EV

3HUGDGH
UHSUHVHQWDomR
GR3DUWLGR
3ROtWLFRQR&1

6HSHUGHUUHSUHVHQWDomR
DSyVSURSRVLWXUDGD$',Q

(ODFRQWLQXDYiOLGD

$IHULomRGHOHJLWLPLGDGHDWLYDGHYHVHUIHLWDQRPRPHQWRGD
SURSRVLWXUDGDDomRHDSHUGDVXSHUYHQLHQWHGHUHSUHVHQWDomR
SDUODPHQWDUQmRSUHMXGLFDDDSUHFLDomRGD$',Q
1mRpRSDUODPHQWDUTXHHQWUDFRP
D$',QHVLPR3DUWLGR3ROtWLFR

6LQGLFDWRVIHGHUDo}HV
FHQWUDLVVLQGLFDLV
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

1mRSRGHPSURSRU$',Q
6RPHQWHDV&21)('(5$d(6VLQGLFDLV
69

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 10 - Controle de Constitucionalidade

$d2',5(7$'(,1&2167,78&,21$/,'$'($',Q,,
267)QmRSUHFLVDDGRWDUDWHVHGRDXWRUGDDomRPDVWHPTXHVHDWHUDRSHGLGR
D &DXVD GH
SHGLUDEHUWD

3RGH GHFODUDU LQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH XVDQGR


RXWUDWHVHRXWURDUWLJRGD&)FRPRSDUkPHWUR
$GHFLVmRGHPpULWRSURIHULGDHP$',QSURGX]HILFiFLDMXUtGLFDQXPRXQRXWURVHQWLGR

E 1DWXUH]D
G~SOLFH RX
DPELYDOHQWH

'HFODUDUD$',Q

$',Q $'&FRPVLQDO
WURFDGR HYLFHYHUVD

'HFODUDUD$'&

F 7UDQVFHQGrQFLD GRV
PRWLYRVGHWHUPLQDQWHV

&DUDFWHUtVWLFDV

3URFHGHQWH DOHLpLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
,PSURFHGHQWH DOHLpFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
3URFHGHQWH DOHLpFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
,PSURFHGHQWH DOHLpLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDO

(IHLWRYLQFXODQWHQmRVRPHQWHDRGLVSRVLWLYRGDVHQWHQoDPDV
WDPEpPDRVIXQGDPHQWRVGHWHUPLQDQWHVGDGHFLVmR UDWLRGHFLGHQGL

2VDWRVLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVQmRVHFRQYDOLGDPQRWHPSR

3UHVFULomRRXGHFDGrQFLD
,QWHUYHQomRGHWHUFHLURV

1mRKiSDUWHV
$VVLVWrQFLD
MXUtGLFD
jVSDUWHV
12FDEH
HP$',Q

2EMHWLYRDX[LOLDUQDLQVWUXomRSURFHVVXDO
&DEH$PLFXV&XULDH
DPLJRGDFRUWH

*DUDQWHPDLRUHIHWLYLGDGHH
OHJLWLPLGDGHQDVGHFLV}HV
eXPPHURFRODERUDGRULQIRUPDO
SRUWDQWRQmRSRGHUHFRUUHUGDVGHFLV}HV

'HVLVWrQFLD
5HFXUVRVDOYRHPEDUJRVGHFODUDWyULRV
$omR5HVFLVyULD
6XVSHLomR

&DEHLPSHGLPHQWR

5HFXUVRRXHPEDUJRVGHGHFODUDomRGH$PLFXV&XULDH
'HFLVmRWHPIRUoDJHUDODOFDQoDQGRWRGRVRVLQGLYtGXRVTXH
HVWDULDPVXMHLWRVjDSOLFDomRGDOHLRXGRDWRLPSXJQDGR

5HJUDHILFiFLD FRQWUD
WRGRV HUJDRPQHV

$',Q
D (UJD
RPQHV

67)SRGHUHVWULQJLU
DHILFiFLD

([FHomR 0RGXODomR
GRVHIHLWRV
2EV

(PUHODomRDFHUWRVDWRVMiSUDWLFDGRV
(PUHODomRDFHUWDVVLWXDo}HV

2SUySULR67)UHWLUDDOHLGRRUGHQDPHQWRMXUtGLFR
26HQDGR)HGHUDOVXVSHQGHSRUUHVROXomRVRPHQWHQRFRQWUROHGLIXVR

1RVFRQWUROHVFRQFHQWUDGRHGLIXVRDUHJUDpDGHHIHLWRVH[WXQF
)XOPLQDPDOHLRXDWRQRUPDWLYRGHVGHDVXDRULJHP
5HJUDHIHLWRVUHWURDWLYRV H[WXQF
E ([
WXQF

([FHomR 0RGXODomR
GRVHIHLWRVWHPSRUDLV

67)SRGHGDUHIHLWRV
H[QXQFRXSURIXWXUR

3RUPDLRULDGHGRVYRWRVGRVPHPEURV
0RWLYRV

6HJXUDQoDMXUtGLFD
([FHSFLRQDOLQWHUHVVHVRFLDO

$GHFLVmRGHPpULWRHP$',QpGRWDGDGHHIHLWRYLQFXODQWH
UHODWLYDPHQWHDRVGHPDLVyUJmRVGR3RGHU-XGLFLiULRHj
$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFDQDVHVIHUDVIHGHUDOHVWDGXDOHPXQLFLSDO

(IHLWRVGD
GHFLVmR

1mRDOFDQoDDDWLYLGDGH
QRUPDWLYDGR3RGHU/HJLVODWLYR
F (IHLWR
YLQFXODQWH

1mRDOFDQoDRSUySULR67)

23RGHU/HJLVODWLYRSRGHOHJLVODUHP
VHQWLGRGLYHUVRGDGHFLVmRGR67)

3RGHSRVWHULRUPHQWHPXGDUVXDSRVLomRHPRXWUDDomR

6yRFRQWUROHFRQFHQWUDGRYLQFXOD2FRQWUROHGLIXVRQmRYLQFXOD LQWHUSDUWHV
5HVWDEHOHFLPHQWRGR
DWRQRUPDWLYRDQWHULRU

eFRPRVHDOHLUHYRJDGDSHODOHLGHFODUDGD
LQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOMDPDLVWLYHVVHSHUGLGRVXDYLJrQFLD
'HSHQGHQGRGHSHGLGRGRDXWRU

G (IHLWR
UHSULVWLQDWyULR

([FHomR
0RGXODomR
GRV HIHLWRV
WHPSRUDLV

267)SRGHDIDVWDURHIHLWR
UHSULVWLQDWyULRLQGHVHMDGRH
IL[DURXWURPRPHQWRSDUDR
LQtFLRGDHILFiFLDGHVXDGHFLVmR

7HPTXHVHUH[SUHVVRQDGHFLVmR
3RUPDLRULDGHGRV
YRWRVGRVPHPEURV
6HJXUDQoDMXUtGLFD
0RWLYRV

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

([FHSFLRQDO
LQWHUHVVHVRFLDO
70

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 10 - Controle de Constitucionalidade

$d2',5(7$'(,1&2167,78&,21$/,'$'($',Q,,,
'HVGHTXHHGLWDGRVQDYLJrQFLDGD&)

/HLVIHGHUDLV
HHVWDGXDLV

/HL0XQLFLSDORXGR')
FRPFRQWH~GR0XQLFLSDO

1mRFDEH$',Q
0DVFDEH$'3)

,QGHSHQGHQWHGHVHUHPOHLVGHHIHLWRFRQFUHWRVHpOHLIRUPDOFDEH$',Q

/HLVRUoDPHQWiULDV

5HVROXo}HVHGHFLV}HVDGPLQLVWUDWLYDVGRVWULEXQDLVGR-XGLFLiULR
$WRV
QRUPDWLYRV

&DEH
$',Q
FRQWUD

'HOLEHUDo}HV
GRV757V

$',
6HQWHQoDVQRUPDWLYDVGD-XVWLoD
GR7UDEDOKRH$FRUGRRX
&RQYHQomR&ROHWLYDGHWUDEDOKR

1mRFDEH$',Q

1mRFDEHFRQWUDQRUPDVRULJLQiULDV
(PHQGDV
&RQVWLWXFLRQDLV

(&DLQGDQmR
SXEOLFDGD
RILFLDOPHQWH

&DEH$',Q
'HVGHTXHHODVHMDSXEOLFDGDDWpRMXOJDPHQWRGD$',Q
$',

3RGHVHUSDUkPHWURSDUDD$',Q $'&7p&RQVWLWXLomR
$'&7

1mRFDEH$',QFRQWUDQRUPDVRULJLQiULDVGR$'&7
2$'&7VySRGHVHUPRGLILFDGRSRU(&HFDEH$',QFRQWUDHVVDV(&V

&RQVWLWXLomR (VWDGXDO RX
/2')HPPDWpULDHVWDGXDO

/HL2UJkQLFDGR')HPPDWpULDPXQLFLSDOQmRFDEH PDVFDEH$'3)
&DEH $',Q FRQWUD WH[WR RULJLQiULR RX GHFRUUHQWH
GH(PHQGD&RQVWLWXFLRQDO(VWDGXDO

0HGLGDSURYLVyULD
7UDWDGRVLQWHUQDFLRQDLV
1RUPD FRQVWLWXFLRQDO
RULJLQiULD

2EMHWR

2VFRQIOLWRVDSDUHQWHVGHYHPVHUGLULPLGRVSHODLQWHUSUHWDomRVLVWrPLFD
$&)pXPVLVWHPDRUJkQLFR3ULQFtSLRGD8QLGDGHGD&)

$WRQRUPDWLYRDQWHULRUj&)

eFDVRGHUHFHSomRRXUHYRJDomR
6yFDEH$',QSDUDDWRVHGLWDGRVGHSRLVGD&)

/HLRXDWRQRUPDWLYRPXQLFLSDOTXHFRQWUDULDD&)
/HLGR')FRPFRQWH~GR0XQLFLSDO

$',Q

$FRUGRRX&RQYHQomR&ROHWLYDGH7UDEDOKR6HQWHQoDVQRUPDWLYDVGD-XVWLoDGR7UDEDOKR
$TXLFDEHFRQWUROHGHOHJDOLGDGH
PDVQmRGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH

5HJXODPHQWRV RX GHFUHWRV UHJXODPHQWDUHV


HGHPDLVDWRVQRUPDWLYRVVHFXQGiULRV
6~PXODV
12FDEH
$',QFRQWUD

$WRVDGPLQLVWUDWLYRV
3URMHWRGH/HL3(&

&DEH0DQGDGRGH6HJXUDQoD FRQWUROHGLIXVR
HPIDFHGH3(&TXHYiFRQWUDFOiXVXODVSpWUHDV
&RQWUDULDR DUWGD&)

/HLTXHQmRWHQKDGRWDomRRUoDPHQWiULD

$SHQDVQmRDSOLFDDOHLQRH[HUFtFLR
ILQDQFHLURPDVQmRpLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
&RQWUDOHLIRUPDOVHPSUHFDEH$',Q

$WRVHVWDWDLVGH(IHLWRV&RQFUHWRV

$WRQRUPDWLYRMiUHYRJDGRRXGHHILFiFLDH[DXULGD
/HLUHYRJDGDRXTXHSHUGHXD
YLJrQFLDDSyVSURSRVLWXUDGD$',Q

$$',QpSUHMXGLFDGDSRUSHUGDGHREMHWR
([FHomRVHD$',QMiHVWLYHULQFOXtGDHPSDXWD
SDUDMXOJDPHQWRHDOHLIRUUHYRJDGD-8/*$
QmRSUHMXGLFDD$',Q  $',72

'LYHUJrQFLDHQWUHDHPHQWDGDOHLHVHXFRQWH~GR
$*8$GYRJDGR*HUDOGD8QLmR
0DQLIHVWDomRREULJDWyULD
D $*8

3UD]RGLDV
2$*8SRGHGHL[DUGHGHIHQGHURDWRLPSXJQDGRVHQmRFRQFRUGDUFRPHOH $',

1mRpPDLVREULJDGRDGHIHQGHURDWRLPSXJQDGR

0DQLIHVWDomR
GR$*8H3*5

3*53URFXUDGRU*HUDOGD5HS~EOLFD
3UD]RGLDV
$WXDHPWRGDVDVDo}HVGRFRQWUROHDEVWUDWR
E 3*5

([HUFHSDSHOGHILVFDOGDOHL

0HVPRTXHWHQKDVLGRHOHDSURSRUD$',QRSDUHFHUSRGHVHUIDYRUiYHORXQmR
23*5SRGHSURSRUXPD$',QH
GHSRLVVHPDQLIHVWDUFRQWUDHOD

,VVRQmRFDUDFWHUL]DGHVLVWrQFLDGDDomR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


71

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 10 - Controle de Constitucionalidade

$d2',5(7$'(,1&2167,78&,21$/,'$'($',Q,9
6RPHQWH 67) RX 7-

5HJUD

L/HLRXDWRQRUPDWLYR)HGHUDORX(VWDGXDOTXHFRQWUDULHD&)
LL/HL RX DWRQRUPDWLYR (VWDGXDO RXPXQLFLSDO
TXHFRQWUDULHD&RQVWLWXLomR(VWDGXDO &(

67)

7-(VWDGXDO

LLL/HLRXDWRQRUPDWLYRGLVWULWDOTXHFRQWUDULHD/HL2UJkQLFDGR')
$OJXQV
FDVRV

7-')7

LY/HLRXDWRQRUPDWLYRPXQLFLSDOTXHFRQWUDULDUD&)
Y/HLRXDWRQRUPDWLYR
GLVWULWDOTXHFRQWUDULDUD&)

&RPSHWrQFLD
SDUD MXOJDPHQWR
GD$',Q

YL /HL 0XQLFLSDO TXH FRQWUDULDU


D/HL2UJkQLFDGR0XQLFtSLR

/HLGLVWULWDOGHQDWXUH]DHVWDGXDO
/HLGLVWULWDOGH
QDWXUH]DPXQLFLSDO

67)

1mRFDEH$',Q
0DVFDEH$'3)

1mRFDEHFRQWUROHGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
0DVFDEHRFRQWUROHGHOHJDOLGDGH

$&)QmRGL]QDGDVREUHRVOHJLWLPDGRVGD$',QHVWDGXDO
$',Q(VWDGXDO
&RPSHWrQFLD

$&(pTXHPYDLGHFLGLU
TXHPpOHJLWLPDGR

/LEHUGDGHQmRpSOHQDQmRSRGH
GHL[DUDFRPSHWrQFLDSDUDXPVyyUJmR

([SUHVVDPHQWHD&)VyDXWRUL]DRV(VWDGRVD
LQVWLWXtUHP$',QPDVDGRXWULQDWHPDGPLWLGRTXH
DV&(VLQVWLWXDP$'2$'&H$'3)HVWDGXDLV

2-XGLFLiULRQmRSRGHOHJLVODU

7HPTXHPDQWHUDYRQWDGHGROHJLVODGRU
3UHYLVWRVQD/HLDUWVH

+DYHQGRPDLVGHXPDLQWHUSUHWDomRR67)GL]TXDO
GHYHVHUXVDGDHOLPLQDQGRDVGHPDLVRXGL]TXDLV
QmRSRGHPVHUXVDGDVSHUPLWLQGRVHDVGHPDLV
267)DWXDFRPROHJLVODGRUQHJDWLYRHOLPLQDQGR
DVLQWHUSUHWDo}HVLQFRPSDWtYHLVFRPD&)

D ,QWHUSUHWDomR
FRQIRUPH D
&RQVWLWXLomR

$',Q

$OHLpYiOLGDGHVGHTXHLQWHUSUHWDGDGDPDQHLUDFRPSDWtYHOFRPD&)
eDUHJUD

7pFQLFDV
GHGHFLVmR

E 'HFODUDomR GH
LQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
FRPUHGXomRGHWH[WR

2EVHUYDRSULQFtSLRGDSDUFHODULGDGHSRGHVHVXSULPLUWRGRR
WH[WRLPSXJQDGRRXDSHQDVXPDIUDVHH[SUHVVmRRXSDODYUD
$RFRQWUiULRGRYHWRSUHVLGHQFLDOTXHGHYHLQFLGLU
VREUHWRGRWH[WRGRDUWLJRLQFLVRRXDOtQHD
5HVWULQJHDDSOLFDomRHPDOJXQVFDVRVRQGHKDYHULD
LQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHVHPDWLQJLURWH[WRGDOHL

F 'HFODUDomRGHLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
VHPUHGXomRGHWH[WRGHFODUDomR
SDUFLDOGHQXOLGDGHVHPUHGXomRGRWH[WR

G  'HFODUDomR GH LQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH


VHPSURQ~QFLDGHQXOLGDGH

$OHLGLVSRVLWLYRFRQWLQXDPYiOLGRVDSHQDVQmRVmR
DSOLFDGRVDXPJUXSRGHSHVVRDVRXVLWXDo}HV
'HFODUDVHDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
PDVQmRVHDQXODRDWRLPSXJQDGR

'HYHKDYHUSHULFXOXPLQPRUDHIXPXVERQLMXULV
6XVSHQGHRDWRQRUPDWLYRDWpRMXOJDPHQWRGRPpULWR
6XVSHQGHRMXOJDPHQWRGRVSURFHVVRVTXHHQYROYDPDDSOLFDomRGDOHLTXHVWLRQDGD
'HFLVmR

0DLRULDDEVROXWD
4XyUXPGHLQVWDODomRPLQLVWURV
(UJDRPQHV

&DXWHODU

9LQFXODQWH
(IHLWRV

([QXQF

3RGHGDUHIHLWRVH[WXQFH[FHSFLRQDOPHQWHHGHVGHTXHH[SUHVVR
7RUQDDSOLFiYHODOHJLVODomRDQWHULRUFDVRH[LVWD

(IHLWRUHSULVWLQDWyULR
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

6DOYRH[SUHVVDPDQLIHVWDomRHPFRQWUiULR
SRGHDIDVWDURHIHLWRUHSULVWLQDWyULRLQGHVHMDGR
72

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 10 - Controle de Constitucionalidade

$'&$d2'(&/$5$75,$'(&2167,78&,21$/,'$'(
9LVDGLUHWDPHQWHjREWHQomRGDGHFODUDomRGHTXHRDWRQRUPDWLYRpFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
267)FRQYHUWHDSUHVXQomRUHODWLYDGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGD
QRUPDHPXPDSUHVXQomRDEVROXWDGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGH
$o}HVGHFRQWUROHDEVWUDWR
2EMHWLYDDILVFDOL]DomRGDYDOLGDGHGDVOHLV

3RVVXLDPHVPD
QDWXUH]DGD$',Q

,QWURGXomR

$MXL]DGDVSHORVPHVPRVOHJLWLPDGRVGD$',Q
7DPEpPVHDSOLFDDTXHVWmRGDOHJLWLPDoDRXQLYHUVDOHLQWHUHVVDGRHVSHFLDO
&RPSHWrQFLDH[FOXVLYDGR67)TXDQGRSURSRVWDVHPIDFHGD&)

1DWXUH]DG~SOLFHRXDPELYDOHQWH $'& $',QFRPVLQDOWURFDGR


2REMHWRGD$'&HVWiOLPLWDGRH[FOXVLYDPHQWHjVOHLVRXDWRVQRUPDWLYRV)('(5$,6
'LIHUH
GD$',Q

2EMHWR

2EMHWR$',Q

/HLVHDWRVQRUPDWLYRVIHGHUDLVHHVWDGXDLV

2EMHWR$'&

/HLVHDWRVQRUPDWLYRVIHGHUDLV /HLVHDWRVHVWDGXDLVQmR
&RQWURYpUVLDMXGLFLDOTXHHVWHMDSRQGRHP
ULVFRDSUHVXQomRGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGDOHL

3UHVVXSRVWRSDUD
FDEHU$'&

7HPTXHVHUMXGLFLDOQmRFDEHPHUDSROrPLFDGRXWULQiULD

$FRQWURYpUVLDGHYHUiVHUGHPRQVWUDGDQDSHWLomRLQLFLDOLQGLFDQGRDH[LVWrQFLDGH
Do}HVHPDQGDPHQWRHPMXt]RVLQIHULRUHVTXHVWLRQDQGRDFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGDOHL

5HOHYDQWH
FRQWURYpUVLD
MXGLFLDO

eGLIHUHQWHGD6~PXOD9LQFXODQWH
TXHSUHFLVDWHUFRQWURYpUVLDHQWUH

-XGLFLiULR YV -XGLFLiULR
-XGLFLiULR YV $GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD

3UDWLFDPHQWHRPHVPRGD$',Q
4XyUXPGHLQVWDODomRGDVHVVmRPLQLVWURV
'HFLVmR0DLRULDDEVROXWD

3URFHGLPHQWR

0HVPRVSUD]RV
1mRKiOHJLWLPDGRSDVVLYR

$'&

(UJD2PQHV
([7XQF
3DUDRVGHPDLVyUJmRVGR-XGLFLiULRH$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD
9LQFXODQWH

1mRYLQFXOD

(IHLWRV

/HJLVODWLYRHPVXDIXQomRWtSLFD
67)HPGHFLV}HVIXWXUDV

&DVRVHMDMXOJDGDLPSURFHGHQWH

(IHLWRVUHSULVWLQDWyULRV
&DEH PRGXODomRGHHIHLWRV

'HFLVmRSURIHULGDSRUGRVPHPEURV
5D]}HVGHVHJXUDQoDMXUtGLFDRXUHOHYDQWHLQWHUHVVHVRFLDO

67)SRGHUiSRUGHFLVmRGDPDLRULDDEVROXWDGHVHXVPHPEURVGHIHULUSHGLGRGHFDXWHODU
4XDQGRGHIHULGDDFDXWHODUR67)GHWHUPLQDTXHRVMXL]HVHWULEXQDLVVXVSHQGDPR
MXOJDPHQWRGHSURFHVVRVTXHHQYROYDPRDWRDWpDGHFLVmRGHILQLWLYDGD$'&SHOR67)
/LPLQDUHP$'&QmRVXVSHQGHDQRUPDVXVSHQGHRMXOJDPHQWR

0HGLGD
FDXWHODU

GLDV

3UD]RGD
FDXWHODU

267)GHYHUiSURFHGHUDRMXOJDPHQWRGDDomRQRSUD]R
GHGLDVVRESHQDGDSHUGDGDHILFiFLDGD&DXWHODU
&DXWHODUHP$',Q$'2H$'3)QmRWHPSUD]R

2EV

&DXWHODUHP
$'&SRVVXL

$~QLFDFDXWHODUFRPSUD]RpD$'&
(IHLWR
YLQFXODQWH

5HODWLYDPHQWHDRVGHPDLVyUJmRVGR
-XGLFLiULRHj$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD

(ILFiFLD HUJDRPQHV
67)DIDVWRXDREULJDWRULHGDGHGHFLWDomRGR$*8QRSURFHVVRGH$'&
$*8QmRpRXYLGRSRLVQmRH[LVWHWH[WRLPSXJQDGRSDUDGHIHQGHU

0DQLIHVWDomR
GR$*8HGR3*5

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

D $*8

2TXHVHTXHUQD$'&pMXVWDPHQWHDGHFODUDomRGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGDOHL
1mRVHDSOLFDj$'&RDUWGD&)

E 3*5

eVHPSUHRXYLGR

73

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 10 - Controle de Constitucionalidade

$d2',5(7$'(,1&2167,78&,21$/,'$'(32520,662$'2
5905

$'2$omRGLUHWDGHLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHSRURPLVVmR &)DUWH/HL
6mRDSOLFDGDVDVPHVPDVUHJUDVGD$',QQRUPDOVDOYRDVDEDL[RFRPHQWDGDV
4XDOTXHUDWRUHJXODPHQWDUOHLIRUPDORXDWRQRUPDWLYRLQIUDOHJDO
%XVFDWRUQDUHIHWLYDXPDQRUPD
&2167,78&,21$/VHPHIHLWRVSRU
IDOWDGHQRUPDUHJXODPHQWDGRUD

1Ro}HV
JHUDLV

1mRFDEH$'2SDUDUHJXODPHQWDUDWRVLQIUDFRQVWLWXFLRQDLV
1mRpTXDOTXHURPLVVmROHJLVODWLYDVySDUDWRUQDUHIHWLYDV
QRUPDVFRQVWLWXFLRQDLVGHHILFiFLDOLPLWDGD LPSRVLWLYDV
1mRVySDUDHGLWDUDWRVOHJLVODWLYRV OHLIRUPDO PDVWDPEpPSDUDHGLWDU
DWRVDGPLQLVWUDWLYRVQRUPDWLYRV RXVHMDDWRVQRUPDWLYRVLQIUDOHJDLV
$FRPSHWrQFLDSDUDDSUHFLDomRHMXOJDPHQWRpGR67)

eIRUPDGHFRQWUROH&21&(175$'2
2VPHVPRVGD$',Q

D $WLYR

3RGHU/HJLVODWLYR
$XWRULGDGHFRPLQLFLDWLYD

UJmRTXHGHYHULD
HGLWDUDOHL

/HJLWLPDGRV

UJmRVGR/HJLVODWLYR([HFXWLYRRX-XGLFLiULR

E 3DVVLYR

UJmRDGPLQLVWUDWLYR

&DEH$'2SDUDHGLWDUDWRLQIUDOHJDO

6HDQRUPDIRUGHLQLFLDWLYDSULYDWLYDRSyORSDVVLYRVHUiTXHPWHPDLQLFLDWLYDSDUDWDO
&DEtYHO$'2SDUDHGLWDU

2EMHWR

/HLGD8QLmR
/HLGRV(VWDGRVHOHLGR')FRPFDUiWHUHVWDGXDO

1mRFDEH$'2SDUDHGLWDUOHLPXQLFLSDORXOHLGR')FRPFRQWH~GRPXQLFLSDO
5HODWRUGHFLGH pIDFXOWDWLYR

32'(VHURXYLGR
$*8

2$*8WHPGLDVSDUDVHPDQLIHVWDU
2EULJDWyULR

6HQmRIRUDXWRU

3URFHGLPHQWR

1mRVHPDQLIHVWD

3*5

6HIRURDXWRU

1D $',Q JHQpULFD R 3*5 VH PDQLIHVWD 2%5,*$725,$0(17(


HP72'$6DVDo}HVWHQGRHOHSURSRVWRRXQmR

&DUiWHUPDQGDPHQWDO
eGDGRFLrQFLDDRSRGHUSDUDDGRomRGHSURYLGrQFLDVQHFHVViULDV

$',QSRU
2PLVVmR

(IHLWRVGR
MXOJDPHQWR
GHPpULWR

5HJUD

L3RGHU

1mRKiIL[DomRGHSUD]RSDUDR3RGHU ([HFXWLYR
/HJLVODWLYRRX-XGLFLiULR HGLWDUDQRUPD

6HIRU
1RYLGDGH
LLUJmRDGPLQLVWUDWLYR

267)WHPIL[DGRXPSDUkPHWURWHPSRUDOUD]RiYHO QmR
pIL[DUSUD]R SDUDR3RGHU/HJLVODWLYRHGLWDUDQRUPD
3UD]RGHGLDVSDUDSURYLGrQFLDVRXRXWURSUD]RUD]RiYHO

&DEH PXGRX$WpQmRFDELD
(PFDVRGHH[FHSFLRQDOXUJrQFLDHUHOHYkQFLD
0DLRULD$EVROXWD

&DXWHODU

4XyUXPGHLQVWDODomR0LQLVWURV
(IHLWRV

6XVSHQVmRGDDSOLFDomRGDOHLDWRQRUPDWLYRTXHVWLRQDGR
6XVSHQVmRGRVSURFHVVRVMXGLFLDLVRXDGPLQLVWUDWLYRV

(UJDRPQHV
(IHLWRYLQFXODQWH

(IHLWRH
HILFiFLD

&DEH
0RGXODomRWHPSRUDO
HUHVWULomRGHHIHLWRV

3RGHUHVWULQJLURVHIHLWRVRXGDUHIHLWRV H[QXQF RX3UR)XWXUR

3RUPDLRULDGHGRVYRWRVGRVPHPEURV
0RWLYRVHJXUDQoDMXUtGLFDRXH[FHSFLRQDOLQWHUHVVHVRFLDO
/HJLWLPDGR 4XDOTXHU SHVVRD TXH WHQKD VHXV GLUHLWRV WROKLGRV
SRUIDOWDGHQRUPDUHJXODPHQWDGRUD
7HPFDVRFRQFUHWRHLQWHUHVVHMXUtGLFRHVSHFtILFR FRQWUROH&21&5(72

D 0DQGDGR
GHLQMXQomR

1mRFDEHOLPLQDU
(IHLWRV'iRGLUHLWRFRQVWLWXFLRQDODLQGDQmRUHJXODPHQWDGRQRFDVRFRQFUHWR
&RPSHWrQFLD67) &)DUW,TH,,D 67- &)DUW,K 
76( &)9 H7- DUW

$'2YV
0DQGDGRGH
LQMXQomR

/HJLWLPDGR2VPHVPRVGD$',Q
1mRWHPFDVRFRQFUHWRRXLQWHUHVVHMXUtGLFRHVSHFtILFR YLDDEVWUDWDFRQWUROH$%675$72
E $',QSRU
RPLVVmR

&DEHOLPLQDU
(IHLWRV 'HFODUDDPRUDGRyUJmRFRPSHWHQWHHH[LJHD
HODERUDomRGDQRUPDUHJXODPHQWDGRUDGD&)
&RPSHWrQFLD67)

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

1mRFDEHIXQJLELOLGDGHGH$'2SDUD0DQGDGRGH,QMXQomR
74

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 10 - Controle de Constitucionalidade

$5*8,d2'('(6&8035,0(172'(35(&(,72)81'$0(17$/$'3)
$'3)$UJXLomRGHGHVFXPSULPHQWRGHSUHFHLWRIXQGDPHQWDO &)DUW H /HL
)D]FRQWUROH&21&(175$'2$%675$721mRFDEH $'3)LQFLGHQWDO GLIXVR
&RQFHLWRDPSOR

1Ro}HV
JHUDLV

([SOtFLWRRXLPSOLFLWRQD&)

35(&(,72
)81'$0(17$/

267)pTXHPGHFLGHRTXHpHRTXHQmRpSUHFHLWRIXQGDPHQWDO
1mRFRQIXQGLUFRP

)XQGDPHQWRVGD5HS~EOLFD)HGHUDWLYDGR%UDVLO &)DUW
3ULQFtSLRVVHQVtYHLV &)DUW9,,

&DUiWHUSUHYHQWLYRHUHSUHVVLYR
2VPHVPRVGD$',Q

/HJLWLPDomRDWLYD

7-(VWDGXDOQmRMXOJD$'3)IUHQWHj&)

6yR67)

&RPSHWrQFLD67)

$GRXWULQDWHPDGPLWLGRTXHDV&RQVWLWXLo}HV(VWDGXDLVLQVWLWXDP$'2$'&H$'3)HVWDGXDLV
)UHQWHDTXDOTXHUDWRGRSRGHUS~EOLFR
)UHQWHDDWRVGHTXDOTXHU HVIHUD
)HGHUDO(VWDGXDOPXQLFLSDOHGLVWULWDO

&DEH
$'3)

,QFOXVLYHGHFUHWRVUHJXODPHQWDUHVRXDWRVDGPLQLVWUDWLYRV
,QFOXVLYHDWRVDQWHULRUHVj&)RXMiUHYRJDGRV
(P$'3)QmRFDEHSUHVFULomRRXGHFDGrQFLD

)UHQWHDRPLVV}HVGR3RGHU3~EOLFR TXHJHUHPOHVmRDSUHFHLWRIXQGDPHQWDO
4XDQGR IRU UHOHYDQWH R IXQGDPHQWR GD FRQWURYpUVLD FRQVWLWXFLRQDO
VREUHOHLRXDWRQRUPDWLYR)HGHUDO(VWDGXDORX0XQLFLSDO

2EMHWR

&RQWUDDWRVSROtWLFRV SULQFtSLRGDVHSDUDomRGRVSRGHUHV

1mR
FDEH
$'3)

&RQWUDV~PXODVGR67)
4XDQGR KRXYHU RXWUR PHLR 9(5'$'(,5$0(17( FDSD] GH VDQDU
DOHVLYLGDGH FDUiWHUUHVLGXDOSULQFtSLRGDVXEVLGLDULHGDGH
([1mRFDEH$'3)SDUDSHGLUDGHFODUDomRGHFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGHOHLIHGHUDO PHLRFRUUHWR$'&
0DLRULD$EVROXWD

'H'HFLVmRGD$'3)

4XyUXP

'HLQVWDODomRGDVHVVmR

2EV,JXDOD$',Q$'&H$'2

PLQLVWURV

$'3)
(UJD2PQHV
3RGHVHUH[QXQF PHGLGDH[FHSFLRQDOSRUGHFLVmRGHGRV0LQLVWURVGR67)

([7XQF

(IHLWRVGD
GHFLVmR
HP$'3)

9LQFXODQWH

,JXDO$',QH$'&e FRQWUROHFRQFHQWUDGR
7DPEpPVHDSOLFDD7(25,$'26027,926'(7(50,1$17(6
&DEH

0RGXODomRWHPSRUDO
HUHVWULomRGHHIHLWRV

3RGHUHVWULQJLURVHIHLWRVRXGDUHIHLWRVH[QXQFRX3UR)XWXUR

3RUPDLRULDGHGRVYRWRVGRVPHPEURV
0RWLYRVHJXUDQoDMXUtGLFDRXH[FHSFLRQDOLQWHUHVVHVRFLDO

267)QmRSUHFLVDDGRWDUDWHVHGRDXWRUGDDomRPDVWHPTXHVHDWHUDRSHGLGR
3RGHGHFODUDUDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHXVDQGRRXWUDWHVHRXWURDUWLJRGD&)FRPRSDUkPHWUR

&DXVD
GHSHGLU
DEHUWD

1mRSRGHGHFODUDUDLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDOLGDGHGHDUWLJRH[WUD
9LQFXODomR
DRSHGLGR

([FHomR
$55$67$0(172
RX$75$d2

4XDQGRGLVSRVLWLYRQmRLPSXJQDGRpFRUUHODWRFRQH[RRX
LQWHUGHSHQGHQWHHOHSRGHVHUGHFODUDGRLQFRQVWLWXFLRQDO
PHVPRTXHRDXWRUQmRWHQKDSHGLGR
([4XDQGRGLVSRVLWLYRVGLIHUHQWHVWrPFRQWH~GRDQiORJR

3RGHVHFRQKHFHU$'3)FRPRRXWUDDomR H[$',Q VHWLYHUHQWUDGRFRP


$'3)GHIRUPDHUUDGDHHVWLYHUHPVXSULGRVRVUHTXLVLWRVGDRXWUDDomR

3ULQFtSLRGD)XQJLELOLGDGH
&DEH

&DXWHODU
HP$'3)

(IHLWRGD
OLPLQDU

6RPHQWHVH72'26RVUHTXLVLWRVIRUHPFXPSULGRV

'HFLVDRGDPDLRULDDEVROXWD
6XVSHQGHU

2DQGDPHQWRGRVSURFHVVRV
2HIHLWRGHGHFLVmRMXGLFLDOVDOYRVHWUDQVLWRXHPMXOJDGR

4XDOTXHURXWUDPHGLGDSHUWLQHQWH
1mRFDEHOLPLQDUHP$'3)SDUDWUDWDUGHFRLVDWUDQVLWDGDHPMXOJDGR
3*5

3URFHGLPHQWR

$*8

2XYLGRVHPSUH
/HLQmRIDODQDGD
67)WHPH[LJLGR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


75

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 11 - Sistema Tributrio Nacional

6,67(0$75,%875,21$&,21$/,
5HFHLWDGHFRUUHQWHGDDWLYLGDGHHPSUHVDULDOGR(VWDGR HFRQRPLDDOXJXHOGH
EHQVDOLHQDomRGHEHQVHPSUpVWLPRVFRQFHVVmRGHVHUYLoRVS~EOLFRVWDULID

L2ULJLQiULD
D 5HFHLWDV
S~EOLFDV

7ULEXWRV VREHUDQLD HPXOWDV

LL'HULYDGD

&RQFHLWRV
UHOHYDQWHV

7UDQVIHUrQFLDGHULTXH]DVGRSDUWLFXODUDR(VWDGR
$XWLOL]DomRLQGLYLGXDOL]DGDSURYRFDRLQWHUHVVH
GDFRPXQLGDGH HVJRWRFROHWDGHOL[RHWF

L(VVHQFLDLV

1mRSRGHVHUREMHWRGHFRQFHVVmR

E 6HUYLoRV
S~EOLFRV
LL1mRHVVHQFLDLV
L3UHVWDomRSHFXQLiULD
LL&RPSXOVyULD

$XWLOL]DomRLQGLYLGXDOL]DGDQmRSURYRFDRLQWHUHVVHGD
FRPXQLGDGH iJXDHQHUJLDHOpWULFDWUDQVSRUWHS~EOLFR
2(VWDGRSRGHFRQFHGHU FRQFHVVmR DSUHVWDomRGHVVHVHUYLoR
0RHGD

,QGHSHQGHGDYRQWDGH

LLL1mRGHFRUUHQWHGHDWRLOtFLWR0XOWDQmRpWULEXWR
D &RQFHLWR

7ULEXWR

3ULQFtSLRGD/HJDOLGDGH7ULEXWiULD

LY3UHYLVWDHPOHL

,PS}HDRDJHQWHS~EOLFRDREULJDomRGHH[LJLURSDJDPHQWR
GHWULEXWRGHWRGRVDTXHOHVSUHYLVWRVQDUHVSHFWLYDOHJLVODomR

Y&REUDGD SRU DWLYLGDGH


DGPLQLVWUDWLYDYLQFXODGD
L,PSRVWR
LL7D[D
E (VSpFLHV

LLL(PSUpVWLPRV&RPSXOVyULRV
LY&RQWULEXLo}HVGH0HOKRULD
Y&RQWULEXLo}HV6RFLDLV
eRWULEXWRFXMDREULJDomRWHPSRUIDWRJHUDGRUXPDVLWXDomRLQGHSHQGHQWH
GHTXDOTXHUDWLYLGDGHHVWDWDOHVSHFtILFDUHODWLYDDRFRQWULEXLQWH
6mRWULEXWRV
QmRYLQFXODGRV
HPUHODomR

6LVWHPD
7ULEXWiULR
1DFLRQDO

D &RQFHLWR

L$R IDWRJHUDGRU

LL$RV JDVWRV

eVHPSUHQmRYLQFXODGR
,QGHSHQGHGHDWLYLGDGHHVWDWDOHVSHFtILFD
5HJUD
([FHo}HV

9HGDomRDYLQFXODomRGHVXD
DUUHFDomRDGHVSHVDVHVSHFtILFDV
&)DUW,9

6REUHDGHVWLQDomRGDDUUHFDGDomRRVLPSRVWRVDOpPGHWHUHPRIDWR
JHUDGRUVHPSUHQmRYLQFXODGRWrPFRPRUHJUDJHUDOYHGDGDD
YLQFXODomRGHVXDDUUHFDGDomRDGHVSHVDVHVSHFtILFDVVDOYRDUW,9
L,PSRVWRVREUHLPSRUWDomRGHSURGXWRVHVWUDQJHLURV ,,
LL,PSRVWRVREUHH[SRUWDomRSDUDRH[WHULRU
GHSURGXWRVQDFLRQDLVRXQDFLRQDOL]DGRV ,(
81,2
&)DUW

LLL,PSRVWRVREUHUHQGDHSURYHQWRVGHTXDOTXHUQDWXUH]D ,5
LY,PSRVWRVREUHSURGXWRVLQGXVWULDOL]DGRV ,3,
Y,PSRVWRVREUHRSHUDo}HVGHFUpGLWRFkPELRHVHJXUR
RXUHODWLYDVDWtWXORVRXYDORUHVPRELOLiULRV ,2)
YL,PSRVWRVREUHSURSULHGDGHWHUULWRULDOUXUDO ,5
YLL,PSRVWRVREUHJUDQGHVIRUWXQDV ,*)

,PSRVWR

E (VSpFLHV

(67$'26
H')
&)DUW

L,PSRVWRVREUHWUDQVPLVVmRFDXVDPRUWLVH GRDomR
GHTXDLVTXHUEHQVRXGLUHLWRV ,7&'
LL,PSRVWRVREUHRSHUDo}HVUHODWLYDVjFLUFXODomRGHPHUFDGRULDVHVREUHSUHVWDo}HV
GHVHUYLoRGHWUDQVSRUWHLQWHUHVWDGXDOHLQWHUPXQLFLSDOHGHFRPXQLFDomR ,&06
LLL,PSRVWRVREUHSURSULHGDGHGHYHtFXORVDXWRPRWRUHV ,39$

081,&3,26
H')
&)DUW

L,PSRVWRVREUHSURSULHGDGHSUHGLDOHWHUULWRULDOXUEDQD ,378
LL,PSRVWRVREUHWUDQVPLVVmRLQWHUYLYRV SRUDWRRQHURVRGH
EHQVLPyYHLVHGHGLUHLWRVUHDLVVREUHLPyYHLVH[FHWRRVGH
JDUDQWLDEHPFRPRFHVVmRGHGLUHLWRVDVXDDTXLVLomR ,7%,
LLL,PSRVWRVREUHVHUYLoRVGHTXDOTXHUQDWXUH]D ,66

$8QLmRSRVVXLFRPSHWrQFLDH[FOXVLYDSDUDDLQVWLWXLomRGHLPSRVWRVQmRGLVFULPLQDGRVQD&)
,PSRVWRVLQVWLWXtGRVQRXVRGDFRPSHWrQFLDUHVLGXDO
L,PSRVWRV
UHVLGXDLV
,PSRVWRVQmR
GLVFULPLQDGRV
QD&)

,&ULDGRVSRU/HL&RPSOHPHQWDU
5HTXLVLWRV
&)DUW,

LL ,PSRVWRV
H[WUDRUGLQiULRV
GHJXHUUD ,(*

,,6HMDQmRFXPXODWLYR
,,,+LSyWHVHOHJDOGHLQFLGrQFLDGHVFUHYDIDWRJHUDGRU
HEDVHGHFiOFXORGLIHUHQWHVGRVMiSUHYLVWRVQD&)

(PFDVRRXQDLPLQrQFLDGHJXHUUD
8QLmRSRGHFULDUIDWRVJHUDGRUHVQRYRVRXSRGHDGRWDUDOJXPIDWR
TXHMipGHFRPSHWrQFLDGD8QLmRGRVHVWDGRVHGRVPXQLFtSLRV
,PSRVWRYLQFXODGR

&)DUW,,
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

&ULDGRSRU/HL2UGLQiULDSDUDVHUFREUDGRLPHGLDWDPHQWH
76

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 11 - Sistema Tributrio Nacional

6,67(0$75,%875O21$&,21$/,,
5HPXQHUDVHUYLoRVS~EOLFRVHVSHFtILFRVHGLYLVtYHLV WD[DGHVHUYLoRS~EOLFR &)DUW,,
eFRPSXOVyULRDRSDUWLFXODUFRPXWLOL]DomRHIHWLYDRXSRWHQFLDO
5HPXQHUDWDPEpPDVXEPLVVmRGRSDUWLFXODUDRSRGHUGHSROtFLDDGPLQLVWUDWLYDGR(VWDGR

D &RQFHLWR

6HUYLoRVS~EOLFRVLQGLYLVtYHLVQmRSRGHPVHUUHPXQHUDGRVSRUWD[D
$VWD[DVQmRSRGHUmRWHUEDVHGHFiOFXORSUySULDGHLPSRVWRV &)DUW
L'HVHUYLoRS~EOLFR
L6HUYLoRVS~EOLFRVHVSHFtILFRV

7D[D

5HPXQHUD
LL6HUYLoRVS~EOLFRVGLYLVtYHLV

E (VSpFLHV

6mRRVTXHSRGHPVHUXWLOL]DGRVVHSDUDGDPHQWH
SRUFDGDXPGRVVHXVXVXiULRV

6XEPLVVmRDRSRGHUGHSROtFLDGR(VWDGR
LL'HSROtFLD

F 'HVWLQDomR
GDUHFHLWD

3RGHUGHSROtFLD

eXWLOL]DGDSDUDUHPXQHUDURVHUYLoRS~EOLFRXWLOL]DGRSRWHQFLDORXRH[HUFtFLRGRSRGHUGHSROtFLD
5HFHLWDYLQFXODGD
9LQFXODGD

G &RQWUDSUHVWDomR

)DWRJHUDGRUGHXPDWD[DpXPDDWLYLGDGHHVWDWDOHVSHFtILFDUHODWLYDDRFRQWULEXLQWH

6HUYLoRS~EOLFRRXSRGHUGHSROtFLD

D &RQFHLWR

&RQWULEXLomR
GHPHOKRULD

/LPLWDomRGHGLUHLWRLQGLYLGXDOHPSUROGDFROHWLYLGDGH

7ULEXWRSDJRHPYLUWXGHGHYDORUL]DomRGHLPyYHOHPUD]mRGHREUDS~EOLFD &)DUW,,,
3DJDUDREUD

E 'HVWLQDomR

5HDOL]DomRGDREUDS~EOLFD

F &RQWUDSUHVWDomR

OLPLWHV
G &iOFXORGRYDORU

L7RWDO 9DORUGDREUD
LL,QGLYLGXDOPHQWH 9DORUGRDXPHQWRYDORUL]DomR

L&DODPLGDGHS~EOLFD
LL*XHUUDH[WHUQDRXVXDLPLQrQFLD

D &DXVDV

6LVWHPD
7ULEXWiULR
1DFLRQDO

LLL,QYHVWLPHQWRXUJHQWHHUHOHYDQWHLQWHUHVVHQDFLRQDO

2EV2PRWLYRVHUiGHILQLGRQDOHLFRPSOHPHQWDUTXHRLQVWLWXLU

(PSUpVWLPR
FRPSXOVyULR

5HFHLWDYLQFXODGDjFDXVDTXHGHXHQVHMRjLQVWLWXLomRGRHPSUpVWLPR
E 'HVWLQDomR

(PUHODomRjFDODPLGDGHS~EOLFDHJXHUUDDFREUDQoDpLPHGLDWD
2YDORUTXHpSDJRHPHPSUpVWLPRFRPSXOVyULRVHUiGHYROYLGR

F 'HYROXomR

$OHLFRPSOHPHQWDUGHYHLQVWLWXLUDIRUPDGHGHYROXomR

D ,QWHUHVVHGH
FDWHJRULDSURILVVLRQDO

&RQWULEXLo}HVSDUDPDQXWHQomRGRVFRQVHOKRV
HRUGHQVGHFDWHJRULDVSURILVVLRQDLV
([$QXDOLGDGHVGD2$%&50
UJmRVGHILVFDOL]DomR

E &RQVHOKRVHRUGHQVGH
FDWHJRULDVSURILVVLRQDLV

 &RQWULEXLo}HV
VRFLDLV

$XWDUTXLDVHVSHFLDLV
3HVVRDV-XUtGLFDVGH'LUHLWR3~EOLFR

F ,QWHUYHQomRGH'RPtQLR(FRQ{PLFR

&RPSHWrQFLDH[FOXVLYDGD8QLmRVHPTXDOTXHUH[FHomR

&RPSXOVyULD
'HVWLQRGRSURGXWRGHVXDDUUHFDGDomRVD~GHSUHYLGrQFLDVRFLDOH)XQGR
GH&RPEDWHj3REUH]D TXHSRGHVHUHQTXDGUDGRFRPRDVVLVWrQFLDVRFLDO

G 6HJXULGDGH
VRFLDO

([$QWLJD&30)

H 6HUYLGRUS~EOLFR
I &HOHWLVWD

&RQWULEXLomRSUHYLGHQFLiULD

&RQWULEXLomRSDUDR,166
&,3 &)DUW$

D &RQWULEXLomR
GHLOXPLQDomR
S~EOLFD

5HPXQHUDVHUYLoRS~EOLFRJHUDOHLQGLYLVtYHO
eXPWULEXWRGHIDWRJHUDGRUYLQFXODGRDXPDDWLYLGDGHHVWDWDO
HVSHFtILFDDSUHVWDomRGRVHUYLoRGHLOXPLQDomRS~EOLFD
'HVWLQDomRpYLQFXODGDDRFXVWHLRGRVHUYLoRGHLOXPLQDomRS~EOLFDGRPXQLFtSLRHGR')

7ULEXWRV
DQ{PDORV

(PFDVRRXQDLPLQrQFLDGHJXHUUD
E ,PSRVWR
H[WUDRULGLQiULR
GHJXHUUD

8QLmRSRGHFULDUIDWRVJHUDGRUHVQRYRVRXSRGHDGRWDUDOJXPIDWR
TXHMipGHFRPSHWrQFLDGD8QLmRGRVHVWDGRVHGRVPXQLFtSLRV
,PSRVWRYLQFXODGR
/HLRUGLQiULDSDUDVHUFREUDGRLPHGLDWDPHQWH

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

F 3HGiJLR

'LVFXVVmRVHpFDVRGHWULEXWRRXWDULID

77

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 11 - Sistema Tributrio Nacional

/,0,7$d(6$232'(5'(75,%87$5,
/HLIRUPDOHPDWHULDO
D /HJDOLGDGH
([FHo}HV

1XOXPWULEXWXPVLQHOHJHP
1mRKiWULEXWRVHPOHLTXHRHVWDEHOHoD

,,,(,3,H,2)

$OtTXRWDVIL[DGDVSRUGHFUHWRGRSUHVLGHQWH
)XQomRH[WUDILVFDO HTXLOLEUDDHFRQRPLD

3DUDVHLQVWLWXLURXDXPHQWDUWULEXWRHVWHVySRGHUi
VHUFREUDGRQRH[HUFtFLRILQDQFHLURVHJXLQWH DQXDO
HRXDSyVGLDV QRQDJHVLPDO

)XQomRGH
SODQHMDPHQWRILVFDO
GRFRQWULEXLQWH

eFOiXVXODSpWUHD
L,,,(,2)
6RIUHDQWHULRULGDGHQRQDJHVLPDO PDVQmRDQXDO

LL,3,

6yFRPHoDDYDOHUHPGLDV
6RIUHDQWHULRULGDGHDQXDOPDVQmRQRQDJHVLPDO

LLL,5
LY,(*

([FHo}HV

E $QWHULRULGDGH

Y(PSUpVWLPR FRPSXOVyULR HP
UD]mRGHJXHUUDRXFDODPLGDGH
YL&RQWULEXLomRSDUD
VHJXULGDGHVRFLDO

1mRFRQIXQGLU

3ULQFtSLRV

6RIUHPDQWHULRULGDGHQRQDJHVLPDO
9DOHPSDVVDGRVGLDVDSyV
DSXEOLFDomRGDOHLTXHRV
LQVWLWXLXRX02',),&28

3GD$QWHULRULGDGH!3GD$QXDOLGDGH QmRH[LVWHPDLV

2DWRpUHJLGRSHODOHLQRWHPSRHPTXHRFRUUHX
7RGRHIHLWRMXUtGLFRGHXPIDWRpUHJLGR
SHODOHLYLJHQWHQDGDWDTXHRIDWRRFRUUHX
F ,UUHWURDWLYLGDGH

/LPLWDo}HV
DR3RGHU
GH7ULEXWDU

eYHGDGRFREUDUWULEXWRVHPUHODomRDIDWRVJHUDGRUHV
RFRUULGRVDQWHVGRLQtFLRGDYLJrQFLDGDOHLTXHRVKRXYHU
LQVWLWXLGRRXDXPHQWDGR &)DUW,,,D

)LFDSURLELGDTXDOTXHUIRUPDGHGLIHUHQFLDomRH[FHWRTXDQGRD
UD]RDELOLGDGHLPSXVHULVHQo}HVRXGLIHUHQFLDo}HV &)DUW,,
G ,VRQRPLD

5D]RDELOLGDGH
QDGHVLJXDODomR

0DLVLQWHUHVVDDLVRQRPLDPDWHULDOHQmRQDIRUPDO
$OHLSRGHFULDUGLIHUHQoDVGHVGHTXHFRPUD]RDELOLGDGH

8QLmRHVWDGRVHPXQLFtSLRVQmRSRGHPLPSHGLUDORFRPRomRGH
EHQVHSHVVRDVFREUDQGRWULEXWRVHPYDORUHVGHVSURSRUFLRQDLV
H /LEHUGDGH
GHWUiIHJR

I 9HGDomRDR
FRQILVFR

,&06&LUFXODomR7UDQVSRUWHGHYHWHUYDORUHVUD]RiYHLV
5HVVDOYDGDDFREUDQoDGH3('*,26SHOD
XWLOL]DomRGHYLDVFRQVHUYDGDVSHOR3RGHU3~EOLFR
,PSHGHTXHDFREUDQoDGHWULEXWRVOHYHRSDUWLFXODUjLQFDSDFLGDGH
HFRQ{PLFDRXVHMDQmRSRGHLQYLDELOL]DUHFRQRPLFDPHQWHRSDUWLFXODU
eRFRQMXQWRGHWULEXWRVTXHWRUQDLQYLiYHODHFRQRPLDSDUWLFXODU
2VWULEXWRVIHGHUDLVWHPRPHVPRYDORUHPWRGRRWHUULWyULRQDFLRQDO

J 8QLGDGH
QDFLRQDO

,081,'$'(

3RGHKDYHUH[FHo}HVGHVGHTXHVHMDSDUDGHVHQYROYHU
XPDUHJLmRPHQRVIDYRUHFLGDGRWHUULWyULRQDFLRQDO

([ =RQD IUDQFD


GH0DQDXV

2FRUUHTXDQGRD&RQVWLWXLomR)HGHUDOOLEHUD
HPFHUWRVFDVRVDFREUDQoDGHWULEXWRV
2(VWDGRDLQGDTXHTXLVHVVHQmRSRGHULDFREUDU

D ,QWHUJRYHUQDPHQWDOUHFtSURFD
E 7HPSORV

,PXQLGDGHV

F 3DUWLGRV3ROtWLFRVH6LQGLFDWRV
G (QWLGDGHVGHHQVLQRDVVLVWrQFLD
H /LYURVSDSHOSDUDLPSUHVVmR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

9HU0DSD0HQWDO/LPLWDo}HVDR3RGHUGH7ULEXWDU,,
78

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 11 - Sistema Tributrio Nacional

/,0,7$d(6$232'(5'(75,%87$5,,
D /HJDOLGDGH
E $QWHULRULGDGH
F ,UUHWURDWLYLGDGH

3ULQFtSLRV

G ,VRQRPLD
H /LEHUGDGHGHWUiIHJR
I 9HGDomRDRFRQILVFR
J 8QLGDGHQDFLRQDO
9HU0DSD0HQWDO/LPLWDo}HVDR3RGHUGH7ULEXWDU,

,081,'$'(

2FRUUHTXDQGRD&RQVWLWXLomR)HGHUDOOLEHUDHPFHUWRVFDVRVDFREUDQoDGHWULEXWRV
2(VWDGRDLQGDTXHTXLVHVVHQmRSRGHULDFREUDU
8PDHQWLGDGHSROtWLFDQmRSRGHFREUDULPSRVWRVVREUHR
SDWULP{QLRDUHQGDHRVVHUYLoRVGRVGHPDLVHQWHVSROtWLFRV
([ 8QLmRQmRSRGHFREUDU,PSRVWRGH5HQGD
VREUHDVUHQGDVGRV(VWDGRVHPXQLFtSLRV
+DUPRQLDGRSDFWRIHGHUDWLYR

)XQGDPHQWR
MXUtGLFR

'HVVHPRGRQmRpSRVVtYHOVXSODQWDU
DDXWRQRPLDGRVHQWHVSROtWLFRV

D ,QWHUJRYHUQDPHQWDO
UHFtSURFD

$LPXQLGDGHDEUDQJHRSDWULP{QLRUHQGDHVHUYLoRVGDV
HQWLGDGHVSROtWLFDVGDVDXWDUTXLDVIXQGDo}HVGHVGHTXH
XWLOL]DGRVQDVVXDV),1$/,'$'(6(66(1&,$,6
$EUDQJrQFLD

7HUmRLPXQLGDGHVWDPEpPDVHPSUHVDVHVWDWDLV
SUHVWDGRUDVGHVHUYLoRVS~EOLFRV ([(&7

*DUDQWHDOLEHUGDGHGHFXOWR
2(VWDGRpODLFRHRLQGLYtGXRpOLYUHSDUDHVFROKHUVXDUHOLJLmR

/LPLWDo}HV
DR3RGHU
GH7ULEXWDU

E 7HPSORV

,PSHGHTXHR(VWDGRXWLOL]HDFREUDQoDGHLPSRVWRV
SDUDSHUVHJXLURXSULYLOHJLDUTXDOTXHUFXOWR
$EUDQJrQFLD

3DWULP{QLRUHQGDHVHUYLoRV
9LQFXODGRVjDWLYLGDGHGDHQWLGDGHUHOLJLRVD

*DUDQWHRV SULQFtSLRVGDOLYUHDVVRFLDomRSDUWLGiULD
HGDOLEHUGDGHHDXWRQRPLDSDUWLGiULD
F 3DUWLGRV SROtWLFRV
HVLQGLFDWRV

,PXQLGDGHV

,PXQLGDGHLPSHGHTXHR(VWDGRYHQKDDSHUVHJXLU
XPRXRXWURSDUWLGRRXVLQGLFDWRRXWUDEDOKDGRUHV
2(VWDGRUHFRQKHFHVXDLQFDSDFLGDGHGHSUHVWDUWRGRVRV
VHUYLoRVOLJDGRVjDVVLVWrQFLDVRFLDOGHPRGRTXHLQFHQWLYD
DSDUWLFXODUHVDID]rORVGDQGRLPXQLGDGHVWULEXWiULDV
(VVDVHQWLGDGHVRSWDPSRUVHUHPLPXQHVRX
QmREDVWDQGRREHGHFHUDRVUHTXLVLWRVOHJDLV
1mROXFUDWLYD

L(QWLGDGH
ILODQWUySLFD
5HTXLVLWRV

3RGHDUUHFDGDUPDLVGRTXHJDVWDPDVGHYH
UHLQYHVWLURTXHDUUHFDGDHPH[FHVVR

LL1mRSRGHKDYHUUHPHVVDGHUHFXUVRVSDUDRH[WHULRU
LLL0DQWHUXPDFRQWDELOLGDGHDEVROXWDPHQWHUHJXODU

G (QWLGDGHV
GHHQVLQR
DVVLVWrQFLD

(QWLGDGHVGHHQVLQR

(VFRODVXQLYHUVLGDGHVFUHFKHV

([+RVSLWDLVFOtQLFDVDVLORV
(QWLGDGHVGH
$VVLVWrQFLD
6RFLDO

'HYHPVHUDEHUWDVDRS~EOLFR
([GHHQWLGDGHVGH
DVVLVWrQFLDVRFLDOQmR )XQGRVGHSHQVmR H[3UHYL
DEHUWDVDRS~EOLFR
1mRKiLPXQLGDGHWULEXWiULD
6LVWHPD6

7HPLPXQLGDGHWULEXWiULD

/LEHUGDGHGHH[SUHVVmR
0RWLYDomR
H /LYURV SDSHO
SDUDLPSUHVVmR

$FHVVRGDSRSXODomRjLQIRUPDomR

5HGX]LURSUHoRGRREMHWR

,PXQLGDGHpVySDUDRSDSHOGHLPSUHVVmRGHVVHVHOHPHQWRV
1mRWHPLPXQLGDGH

$HGLWRUDDJUiILFDRVLQVXPRVXWLOL]DGRVQD
LPSUHVVmR WLQWDPiTXLQDHQHUJLD RDXWRUGROLYUR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


79

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 12 - Finanas Pblicas

),1$1d$63%/,&$625d$0(1726,
,QVWUXPHQWRGHSODQHMDPHQWRRSHUDFLRQDOGD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD
7UDWDGH

3ODQHMDPHQWRGHFXUWRSUD]R

L3UHYLVmRGHDUUHFDGDomRGHUHFHLWDVSDUDRH[HUFtFLRILQDQFHLURVXEVHTXHQWH
LL)L[DomRGHGHVSHVDVSDUDRH[HUFtFLRILQDQFHLURVXEVHTXHQWH
3RGHUHVGD8QLmR
$EUDQJrQFLD

L2UoDPHQWR
ILVFDO

$/2$
FRPSUHHQGH
DUW

)XQGRVyUJmRVHHQWLGDGHVGD
DGPLQLVWUDomRGLUHWDHLQGLUHWD
)XQGDo}HVLQVWLWXtGDVH
PDQWLGDVSHOR3RGHU3~EOLFR

LL2UoDPHQWR GH
LQYHVWLPHQWR

$EUDQJH(PSUHVDVTXHD8QLmRGHWHQKDGLUHWDRX
LQGLUHWDPHQWHPDLRULDRFDSLWDOVRFLDOFRPGLUHLWRDYRWR
(QWLGDGHVHyUJmRVYLQFXODGRV
jVHJXULGDGHVRFLDO
$EUDQJrQFLD

LLL2UoDPHQWR GD
VHJXULGDGHVRFLDO

)XQGRVHIXQGDo}HVLQVWLWXtGRV
HPDQWLGRVSHOR3RGHU3~EOLFR

6D~GH
UHDV

3UHYLGrQFLD
$VVLVWrQFLDVRFLDO

D &DUDFWHUtVWLFDV
'LVSRVLWLYRHVWUDQKRj

/2$

$GPLQLVWUDomRGLUHWDHLQGLUHWD

$/2$QmR
SRGHUiFRQWHU

1mRVHLQFOXL
QDSURLELomR

3UHYLVmRGHUHFHLWD
)L[DomRGHGHVSHVD

$XWRUL]DomRSDUDDEHUWXUDGHFUpGLWRVVXSOHPHQWDUHV
&RQWUDWDomRGHRSHUDo}HVGHFUpGLWR LQFOXVLYH
UHIHUHQWHjDQWHFLSDomRGHUHFHLWD $52

&)DUW
&RQFHLWR

$XWRUL]Do}HVGHGHVSHVDVQmRFRPSXWDGDV
RXLQVXILFLHQWHPHQWHGRWDGDVQD/2$
'HVWLQDGRVDGHVSHVDVSDUDDVTXDLVQmR
KDMDGRWDomRRUoDPHQWiULDHVSHFtILFD

)LQDQoDV
3~EOLFDV

L&UpGLWRVHVSHFLDLV

&5(',726
$',&,21$,6

LL&UpGLWRV
H[WUDRUGLQiULRV

'HYHPVHUDXWRUL]DGRVSRUOHL
'HVWLQDGRVDGHVSHVDVXUJHQWHVHLPSUHYLVtYHLV
3RGHPVHUDEHUWRVPHGLDQWH0HGLGD3URYLVyULD
'HVWLQDGRVDUHIRUoRGHGRWDomRRUoDPHQWiULD

LLL&UpGLWRV
VXSOHPHQWDUHV

L,QLFLDWLYD

/2$SRGHFRQWHUDXWRUL]DomRSDUD
DEHUWXUDGHFUpGLWRVXSOHPHQWDUOLPLWDGR
DGHWHUPLQDGDLPSRUWkQFLDRXSHUFHQWXDO

3ULYDWLYDGR&KHIHGR3RGHU([HFXWLYR &)DUW;;,,,
&KHIHGR3RGHU([HFXWLYRHQFDPLQKDDR3RGHU/HJLVODWLYR

E  3URFHVVR
/HJLVODWLYR

LL(QFDPLQKDPHQWR
GD/2$

$WpPHVHVDQWHVGRHQFHUUDPHQWRGRH[HUFtFLRILQDQFHLUR

DJRVWR

3RGHU/HJLVODWLYRGHYROYHDR&KHIHGR3RGHU([HFXWLYRSDUDVDQomRRXYHWR

LLL'HYROXomR
GD/2$

$WpRHQFHUUDPHQWRGDVHVVmROHJLVODWLYD &)$'&7DUWLQF,,,

,QVWUXPHQWRGHSODQHMDPHQWRGD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD
L0HWDVHSULRULGDGHVGDDGPLQLVWUDomRS~EOLFDIHGHUDO

D &DUDFWHUtVWLFDV

/'2GLVSRUi
VREUH
DUW

LL'HVSHVDVGH&$3,7$/SDUDRH[HUFtFLRILQDQFHLURVXEVHTXHQWH
LLL 2ULHQWDomR SDUD
HODERUDomRGD/2$

(VWUXWXUDHRUJDQL]DomRGRVRUoDPHQWRV
'LUHWUL]HVSDUDHODERUDomRHH[HFXomRGRVRUoDPHQWRV

LY$OWHUDo}HVQDOHJLVODomRWULEXWiULD
Y3ROtWLFDGHDSOLFDomRGDVDJrQFLDVILQDQFHLUDVRILFLDLVGHIRPHQWR
L,QLFLDWLYD

/'2

3ULYDWLYDGR&KHIHGR3RGHU([HFXWLYR &)DUW;;,,,
&KHIHGR3RGHU([HFXWLYRHQFDPLQKDDR3RGHU/HJLVODWLYR

E 3URFHVVR
OHJLVODWLYR

LL(QFDPLQKDPHQWR
GD/'2

$WpPHVHVHPHLRDQWHVGR
HQFHUUDPHQWRGRH[HUFtFLRILQDQFHLUR

DEULO

3RGHU/HJLVODWLYRGHYROYHDR&KHIHGR3RGHU([HFXWLYRSDUDVDQomRRXYHWR
LLL'HYROXomR
GD/'2

$Wp R HQFHUUDPHQWR GR
3(52'2GDVHVVmROHJLVODWLYD

&)$'&7DUWLQF,,

$VHVVmROHJLVODWLYDQmR VHUi
LQWHUURPSLGDVHPDSURYDomRGD/'2

&)DUW

Prof. Roberto Troncoso


80

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 12 - Finanas Pblicas

),1$1d$63%/,&$625d$0(1726,,
,QVWUXPHQWRGHSODQHMDPHQWRHVWUDWpJLFR
GD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD

D &DUDFWHUtVWLFDV

$/HLGR33$HVWDEHOHFHUi
GHIRUPDUHJLRQDOL]DGD

3ODQHMDPHQWRGHPpGLRSUD]R

'LUHWUL]HVREMHWLYRVH
PHWDVGDDGPLQLVWUDomR
S~EOLFDIHGHUDOSDUD

'HVSHVDVGHFDSLWDOH
RXWUDVGHODVGHFRUUHQWHV
'HVSHVDVGHSURJUDPDV
GHGXUDomRFRQWLQXDGD

&)DUW
3ULYDWLYDGR&KHIHGR3RGHU([HFXWLYR

&)DUW;;,,,

L,QLFLDWLYD

9HGDGDDHGLomRGH0HGLGD3URYLVyULD
H/HL'HOHJDGDVREUH33$/'2H/2$

33$

([FHWR
FUpGLWRVH[WUDRUGLQiULRV
LL9HGDomR
E 3URFHVVR
/HJLVODWLYR

3RGHVHUSRU03RXOHLGHOHJDGD

&)DUWLQF,G
&)DUWLQF,,,
&KHIHGR3RGHU([HFXWLYRHQFDPLQKDDR3RGHU/HJLVODWLYR

LLL(QFDPLQKDPHQWR
GR33$

$WpPHVHVDQWHVGRHQFHUUDPHQWR
GRH[HUFtFLRILQDQFHLURDJRVWR

3RGHU/HJLVODWLYRGHYROYHDR&KHIHGR
3RGHU([HFXWLYRSDUDVDQomRRXYHWR
LY'HYROXomR
GR33$

$WpRHQFHUUDPHQWR
GDVHVVmROHJLVODWLYD

&)$'&7DUWLQF,

,QVWUXPHQWRVGHSODQHMDPHQWRHVWUDWpJLFRGHORQJRSUD]RGD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD

)LQDQoDV
3~EOLFDV

3ODQRVH
3URJUDPDV
1DFLRQDLV

'HYHPVHUHODERUDGRVHPFRQVRQkQFLDFRPR33$
$SUHFLDGRVSHOR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDO
&)DUW

L,QtFLRGHSURJUDPDVRXSURMHWRVQmRLQFOXtGRVQD/2$
LL5HDOL]DomRGHGHVSHVDVRXDVVXQomRGHREULJDo}HVGLUHWDV
TXHH[FHGDPRVFUpGLWRVRUoDPHQWiULRVRXDGLFLRQDLV
LLL5HDOL]DomRGHRSHUDo}HVGHFUpGLWRVTXHH[FHGDPRPRQWDQWHGDVGHVSHVDV GH
FDSLWDOUHVVDOYDGDVDVDXWRUL]DGDVPHGLDQWHFUpGLWRVVXSOHPHQWDUHVRXHVSHFLDLV
FRPILQDOLGDGHSUHFLVDDSURYDGRVSHOR3RGHU/HJLVODWLYRSRUPDLRULDDEVROXWD
LY9LQFXODomRGHUHFHLWDGHLPSRVWRVDyUJmRIXQGRRXGHVSHVDUHVVDOYDGDVD UHSDUWLomR
GRSURGXWRGDDUUHFDGDomRGRVLPSRVWRVGRVDUWVHGD&)DGHVWLQDomRGHUHFXUVRV
SDUDDVDo}HVHVHUYLoRVS~EOLFRVGHVD~GHSDUDPDQXWHQomRHGHVHQYROYLPHQWRGRHQVLQR
HSDUDUHDOL]DomRGHDWLYLGDGHVGDDGPLQLVWUDomRWULEXWiULD HD SUHVWDomRGHJDUDQWLDVjV
RSHUDo}HVGHFUpGLWRSRUDQWHFLSDomRGHUHFHLWD $52
Y$DEHUWXUDGHFUpGLWRVXSOHPHQWDURXHVSHFLDOVHPSUpYLD DXWRUL]DomR
OHJLVODWLYDHVHPLQGLFDomRGRVUHFXUVRVFRUUHVSRQGHQWHV

9HGDo}HV

YL$WUDQVSRVLomRRUHPDQHMDPHQWRRXDWUDQVIHUrQFLDGHUHFXUVRVGHXPDFDWHJRULDGH
SURJUDPDomRSDUDRXWUDRXGHXPyUJmRSDUDRXWURVHPSUpYLDDXWRUL]DomROHJLVODWLYD
YLL$FRQFHVVmRRXXWLOL]DomRGHFUpGLWRVLOLPLWDGRV
YLLL$XWLOL]DomRVHPDXWRUL]DomROHJLVODWLYDHVSHFtILFDGHUHFXUVRVGRVRUoDPHQWRVILVFDO
HGDVHJXULGDGHVRFLDOSDUDVXSULU QHFHVVLGDGHRXFREULUGpILFLWGHHPSUHVDVIXQGDo}HV
HIXQGRVLQFOXVLYHGRVFRQVWDQWHVGRVRUoDPHQWRVILVFDOHGDVHJXULGDGHVRFLDO
L[$LQVWLWXLomRGHIXQGRVGHTXDOTXHUQDWXUH]DVHPSUpYLDDXWRUL]DomROHJLVODWLYD
[$WUDQVIHUrQFLDYROXQWiULDGHUHFXUVRVHDFRQFHVVmRGHHPSUpVWLPRVLQFOXVLYHSRU
DQWHFLSDomRGHUHFHLWDSHORV*RYHUQRV)HGHUDOH(VWDGXDLVHVXDVLQVWLWXLo}HV
ILQDQFHLUDVSDUDSDJDPHQWRGHGHVSHVDVFRPSHVVRDODWLYR LQDWLYR H SHQVLRQLVWD
GRV(VWDGRVGR'LVWULWR)HGHUDOHGRV0XQLFtSLRV
[L$XWLOL]DomRGRVUHFXUVRVSURYHQLHQWHVGDVFRQWULEXLo}HVVRFLDLVGHTXHWUDWD
RDUW,DH,,SDUDDUHDOL]DomRGHGHVSHVDVGLVWLQWDVGRSDJDPHQWRGH
EHQHItFLRVGRUHJLPHJHUDOGHSUHYLGrQFLDVRFLDOGHTXHWUDWDRDUWGD&)

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

&)DUW
81

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 13 - Ordem Econmica e Financeira

25'(0(&210,&$(),1$1&(,5$
5HODFLRQDGRjFRQFUHWL]DomRGDMXVWLoDVRFLDO

L 9DORUL]DomRGRWUDEDOKRKXPDQR

D )XQGDPHQWRV

5HODFLRQDGRDRHPSUHHQGHGRULVPR

LL /LYUH
LQLFLDWLYD

eDVVHJXUDGRDWRGRVROLYUHH[HUFtFLRGHTXDOTXHUDWLYLGDGH
HFRQ{PLFDLQGHSHQGHQWHPHQWHGHDXWRUL]DomRGHyUJmRVS~EOLFRV
VDOYRQRVFDVRV SUHYLVWRVHPOHL &)DUWSDUiJUDIR~QLFR

L6REHUDQLDQDFLRQDO

9DORUGHLQGHSHQGrQFLDRXGHQmRVXERUGLQDomRSHUDQWH
RV(VWDGRVHVWUDQJHLURVHFRQRPLFDPHQWHPDLVIRUWHV
5HODWLYDjDSURSULDomRSULYDGDGRVPHLRVGHSURGXomR

LL3URSULHGDGHSULYDGD

)XQGDPHQWRGR(VWDGRFDSLWDOLVWD

LLL)XQomRVRFLDOGDSURSULHGDGH

)XQGDPHQWRV
HSULQFtSLRV

LY /LYUH
FRQFRUUrQFLD
E 3ULQFtSLRV

2(VWDGRGHYHFRLELURDEXVR
GHSRGHUHFRQ{PLFRTXHYLVH

GRPLQDomRGHPHUFDGRV
HOLPLQDomRGDFRQFRUUrQFLD
$RDXPHQWRDUELWUiULRGRVOXFURV

Y'HIHVDGRFRQVXPLGRU
YL 'HIHVD GR
PHLRDPELHQWH

,QFOXLWUDWDPHQWRGLIHUHQFLDGRFRQIRUPHRLPSDFWR
DPELHQWDOGRVSURGXWRVHGRVVHUYLoRVHGHVHXV
UHVSHFWLYRVSURFHVVRVGHHODERUDomRHGHSUHVWDomR

YLL 5HGXomR GDV GHVLJXDOGDGHV


UHJLRQDLVHVRFLDLV

3URPRYHURHTXLOtEULRGRGHVHQYROYLPHQWR
VRFLRHFRQ{PLFRHQWUHGLIHUHQWHVUHJL}HVGR3DtV
3URPRYHUDGLVWULEXLomRHTXLWDWLYDGDULTXH]DSURGX]LGD

YLLL%XVFDGRSOHQRHPSUHJR
L[7UDWDPHQWR IDYRUHFLGR jV HPSUHVDV GH SHTXHQR SRUWH FRQVWLWXtGDV VRE
DVOHLVEUDVLOHLUDVHTXHWHQKDPVXDVHGHHDGPLQLVWUDomRQR3DtV

(VWDGRGHVHPSHQKDRSDSHO
GHDJHQWHHFRQ{PLFR
3ULQFtSLRGD
VXEVLGLDULHGDGH

([HUFHDWLYLGDGHHFRQ{PLFD
HPVHQWLGRHVWULWR

$WLYLGDGHVFRPHUFLDLVLQGXVWULDLV
3UHVWDomRGHVHUYLoRVSULYDGRV

1mRDEUDQJHRVVHUYLoRVS~EOLFRV

(PUHJUDDDWXDomRGLUHWDGR(VWDGRQRGRPtQLRHFRQ{PLFRGHYHRFRUUHU
VRPHQWHTXDQGRRVHWRUSULYDGRQmRWLYHUFDSDFLGDGHVXILFLHQWHGHDWXDU
([FOXVLYRVGD8QLmR

2UGHP
(FRQ{PLFDH
)LQDQFHLUD

$OLVWDSUHYLVWDQRDUWpH[DXVWLYD

,3HWUyOHR

D $WXDomR
',5(7$

)RUPDVGH
DWXDomR
',5(7$

$WLYLGDGHV
UHODFLRQDGDVD

L 0RQRSyOLR
&)DUW

,,*iVQDWXUDO
,,,0LQpULRV
,90LQHUDLVQXFOHDUHV

'LUHWD

)RUPDVGH
H[HUFtFLR

,QGLUHWD
LL &RQFRUUrQFLD
&)DUW

$WXDomR
GR(VWDGR
QRGRPtQLR
HFRQ{PLFR

0HLRVGHDWXDomR

5HJLPHMXUtGLFR

+LSyWHVHV
GHDWXDomR

0HGLDQWH
FRQWUDWRFRP

(PSUHVDVHVWDWDLV
(PSUHVDVSULYDGDV

,&DVRVSUHYLVWRVQD&)
,,&DVRVGHVHJXUDQoDQDFLRQDO
,,,&DVRVGHUHOHYDQWHLQWHUHVVHFROHWLYR

(PSUHVDVS~EOLFDV

(PSUHVDVHVWDWDLV

6RFLHGDGHVGHHFRQRPLDPLVWD
3UHGRPLQDQWHPHQWHGHGLUHLWRSULYDGR
GHUURJDGRSHORGLUHLWRS~EOLFRSUHYLVWRQD&)

(VWDGRGHVHPSHQKDRSDSHOGHDJHQWHUHJXODGRUGDDWLYLGDGHHFRQ{PLFD &)DUW
2EMHWLYR

&RUULJLUDVGLVWRUo}HVTXHRFRUUHPTXDQGRRVDJHQWHVHFRQ{PLFRVDWXDPOLYUHPHQWH
3RGHU3~EOLFRGLUHFLRQDDDWXDomRGRV
DJHQWHVHFRQ{PLFRVSULYDGRVPHGLDQWH

L,QGXomR
E $WXDomR
,1',5(7$

)RUPDVGH
LQWHUYHQomR
,1',5(7$

3RVLWLYD

)RPHQWR

,QFHQWLYRV IRPHQWR
'HVHVWtPXORV

%HQHItFLRVILVFDLVVXEVtGLRV
LQIUDHVWUXWXUDILQDQFLDPHQWR

$o}HV
GHVHVWLPXODQWHV

$XPHQWRGHWULEXWRWD[DV
SURJUHVVLYDVVDQo}HV

1HJDWLYD
LL)LVFDOL]DomR

([HUFtFLRGR SRGHUGHSROtFLD GD$GPLQLVWUDomR3~EOLFD


,GHQWLILFDDQHFHVVLGDGHGHJUXSRVVRFLDLV

LLL3ODQHMDPHQWR
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

2ULHQWDDDWXDomRGRVDJHQWHVHFRQ{PLFRV
'HWHUPLQDQWHSDUDRVHWRUS~EOLFR
HLQGLFDWLYRSDUDRVHWRUSULYDGR
82

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 14 - Da Ordem Social

'$25'(062&,$/,6(*85,'$'(62&,$/
%DVH

2SULPDGRGRWUDEDOKR
2EHPHVWDUHDMXVWLoDVRFLDO

2EMHWLYR

L6HJXULGDGHVRFLDO
LL(GXFDomR

'D
2UGHP
6RFLDO

LLL&XOWXUD
LY'HVSRUWR

7HPDV

6mRGLUHLWRVGH
VHJXQGDJHUDomR

Y&LrQFLDHWHFQRORJLD
YL&RPXQLFDomRVRFLDO
YLL0HLRDPELHQWH
YLLL3URWHomRjIDPtOLDjFULDQoDDRDGROHVFHQWHDRMRYHPHDRLGRVR
L[QGLRV

$6(*85,'$'(62&,$/
FRPSUHHQGH

,QWURGXomR

L6$'(
LL35(9,'1&,$62&,$/
LLL$66,671&,$62&,$/

L8QLYHUVDOLGDGHGDFREHUWXUDHGRDWHQGLPHQWR
LL8QLIRUPLGDGHHHTXLYDOrQFLDGRVEHQHItFLRVHVHUYLoRVjVSRSXODo}HVXUEDQDVHUXUDLV
LLL6HOHWLYLGDGHHGLVWULEXWLYLGDGHQDSUHVWDomRGRVEHQHItFLRVHVHUYLoRV
LY,UUHGXWLELOLGDGHGRYDORUGRVEHQHItFLRV
Y(TXLGDGHQDIRUPDGHSDUWLFLSDomRQRFXVWHLR

2EMHWLYRV

YL'LYHUVLGDGHGDEDVHGHILQDQFLDPHQWR
0HGLDQWHJHVWmRTXDGULSDUWLWH
7UDEDOKDGRUHV

YLL&DUiWHU GHPRFUiWLFR H
GHVFHQWUDOL]DGRGDDGPLQLVWUDomR

&RPSDUWLFLSDomRQRV
yUJmRVFROHJLDGRVGRV

(PSUHJDGRUHV
$SRVHQWDGRV
*RYHUQR

3ULQFtSLRGDVROLGDULHGDGHILQDQFHLUD

3RUWRGDDVRFLHGDGH
)RUPD

'LUHWD
,QGLUHWD
L'D8QLmR
LL'RV(VWDGRV

5HFXUVRV

6HJXULGDGH
6RFLDO

LLL'R')
LY'RV0XQLFtSLRV
2EV

&RQVWDUmRGRVUHVSHFWLYRVRUoDPHQWRV
QmRLQWHJUDQGRRRUoDPHQWRGD8QLmR
$VFRQWULEXLo}HVVRFLDLVVREUHDVPDWHULDOLGDGHV
SUHYLVWDVQD&)SRGHPVHULQVWLWXtGDVSRU
3RGHPVHULQVWLWXtGDV129$6
%$6(6SRU/HL&RPSOHPHQWDU
FRPSHWrQFLDUHVLGXDOGD8QLmR

/HL2UGLQiULD
0HGLGD3URYLVyULD

1mRSRGHDWLQJLUDSRVHQWDGRULDVH
SHQV}HVFRQFHGLGDVSHOR5*36

1HQKXPEHQHItFLRRXVHUYLoRGDVHJXULGDGHVRFLDOSRGHUiVHUFULDGR
PDMRUDGRRXHVWHQGLGRVHPDFRUUHVSRQGHQWHIRQWHGHFXVWHLR727$/

)LQDQFLDPHQWR
GD6HJXULGDGH
6RFLDO

L'RHPSUHJDGRUGDHPSUHVD
HGDHQWLGDGHDHODHTXLSDUDGD
QDIRUPDGDOHL

&2175,%8,d(6
62&,$,6

,QFLGHQWHV
VREUH

)ROKDGHVDOiULRV
5HFHLWDRX
IDWXUDPHQWR
/XFUR

2EV3RGHUmRWHUDOtTXRWDVRX
EDVHVGHFiOFXORGLIHUHQFLDGDV

&DVRV

LL'RWUDEDOKDGRUH GRV GHPDLV VHJXUDGRV GD SUHYLGrQFLD VRFLDO


QmRLQFLGLQGRFRQWULEXLomRVREUHDSRVHQWDGRULDHSHQVmR
FRQFHGLGDVSHORUHJLPHJHUDOGHSUHYLGrQFLDVRFLDO 5*36
5*36HVWmRLPXQHVjLQFLGrQFLDGHFRQWULEXLomRSUHYLGHQFLiULD
LLL6REUHDUHFHLWDGHFRQFXUVRVGHSURJQyVWLFRV

/RWHULDVELQJRV

LY'RLPSRUWDGRU GH EHQV RX VHUYLoRV GR


H[WHULRURXGHTXHPDOHLDHOHHTXLSDUDU
6mR,6(17$6GHFRQWULEXLomRSDUDDVHJXULGDGHVRFLDODVHQWLGDGHV
EHQHILFHQWHVGHDVVLVWrQFLDVRFLDOTXHDWHQGDPjVH[LJrQFLDVOHJDLV
2EV
Prof. Roberto Troncoso

$SHVVRDMXUtGLFDHPGpELWRFRPRVLVWHPDGDVHJXULGDGHVRFLDO
FRPRHVWDEHOHFLGRHPOHLQmRSRGHUiFRQWUDWDUFRPR3RGHU3~EOLFR
QHPGHOHUHFHEHUEHQHItFLRVRXLQFHQWLYRVILVFDLVRXFUHGLWtFLRV
83

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 14 - Da Ordem Social

'$25'(062&,$/,,6(*85,'$'(62&,$/
eGLUHLWRGHWRGRVHGHYHUGR(VWDGR
*DUDQWLGDPHGLDQWHSROtWLFDV
VRFLDLVHHFRQ{PLFDVTXHYLVHP

LUHGXomRGRULVFRGHGRHQoDHGHRXWURVDJUDYRV
LL$FHVVRXQLYHUVDOHLJXDOLWiULRjVDo}HVHVHUYLoRV
SDUDVXDSURPRomRSURWHomRHUHFXSHUDomR

$VDo}HVHVHUYLoRVGHVD~GHVmRGHUHOHYkQFLDS~EOLFD
6XDH[HFXomR
GHYHVHUIHLWD

'LUHWDPHQWH
3RUPHLRGHWHUFHLURV
3RUSHVVRDItVLFDRXMXUtGLFDGHGLUHLWRSULYDGR
5HGHUHJLRQDOL]DGDHKLHUDUTXL]DGD
L'HVFHQWUDOL]DomR FRPGLUHomR~QLFD
HPFDGDHVIHUDGHJRYHUQR
'LUHWUL]HV

LL$WHQGLPHQWRLQWHJUDOFRPSULRULGDGHSDUDDVDWLYLGDGHV
SUHYHQWLYDVVHPSUHMXt]RGRVVHUYLoRVDVVLVWHQFLDLV
LLL3DUWLFLSDomRGDFRPXQLGDGH

)LQDQFLDPHQWR

5HFXUVRVGRRUoDPHQWRGDVHJXULGDGH
VRFLDOGD8QLmRGRV(VWDGRVGR')H
GRV0XQLFtSLRVDOpPGHRXWUDVIRQWHV

3RGHUmRDGPLWLUDJHQWHVFRPXQLWiULRVGH
VD~GHHDJHQWHVGHFRPEDWHjVHQGHPLDV
SRUPHLRGHSURFHVVRVHOHWLYRS~EOLFR

([FHomRjH[LJrQFLD
GHFRQFXUVRS~EOLFR

$VVLVWrQFLDjVD~GHpOLYUHjLQLFLDWLYDSULYDGD
3RGHUmRSDUWLFLSDUGHIRUPDFRPSOHPHQWDUDR686
6HJXQGRGLUHWUL]HVGR686
0HGLDQWHFRQWUDWRGHGLUHLWRS~EOLFRRXFRQYrQLR

6D~GH

6HJXULGDGH
6RFLDO

,QVWLWXLo}HV
SULYDGDV

7rPSUHIHUrQFLDDVHQWLGDGHV
ILODQWUySLFDVHDV6(0ILQVOXFUDWLYRV
9HGDGDDSDUWLFLSDomRGLUHWDRXLQGLUHWDGH
HPSUHVDVRXFDSLWDLVHVWUDQJHLURVQDDVVLVWrQFLD
jVD~GHQR3DtVVDOYRQRVFDVRVSUHYLVWRVHPOHL

$VVLVWrQFLD j
VD~GH 686

eYHGDGDDGHVWLQDomRGHUHFXUVRVS~EOLFRV
SDUDDX[tOLRVRXVXEYHQo}HVjVLQVWLWXLo}HV
SULYDGDV&20ILQVOXFUDWLYRV
L&RQWURODU H ILVFDOL]DU SURFHGLPHQWRV SURGXWRV H
VXEVWkQFLDVGHLQWHUHVVHSDUDDVD~GHHSDUWLFLSDU
GD SURGXomR GH PHGLFDPHQWRV HTXLSDPHQWRV
LPXQRELROyJLFRVKHPRGHULYDGRVHRXWURVLQVXPRV
LL([HFXWDUDVDo}HVGHYLJLOkQFLDVDQLWiULDH
HSLGHPLROyJLFDEHPFRPRDVGHVD~GHGRWUDEDOKDGRU
LLL2UGHQDUDIRUPDomRGHUHFXUVRV
KXPDQRVQDiUHDGHVD~GH
LY3DUWLFLSDUGDIRUPXODomRGDSROtWLFDHGD
H[HFXomRGDVDo}HVGHVDQHDPHQWREiVLFR
&RPSHWrQFLDV

Y,QFUHPHQWDUHPVXDiUHDGHDWXDomRR
GHVHQYROYLPHQWRFLHQWtILFRHWHFQROyJLFR
YL )LVFDOL]DU H LQVSHFLRQDU DOLPHQWRV FRPSUHHQGLGR R
FRQWUROHGHVHXWHRUQXWULFLRQDOEHPFRPREHELGDV
HiJXDVSDUDFRQVXPRKXPDQR
YLL3DUWLFLSDUGRFRQWUROH HILVFDOL]DomR GDSURGXomR
WUDQVSRUWH JXDUGD H XWLOL]DomR GH VXEVWkQFLDV H
SURGXWRVSVLFRDWLYRVWy[LFRVHUDGLRDWLYRV
YLLL &RODERUDU QD SURWHomR GR PHLR DPELHQWH
QHOHFRPSUHHQGLGRRGRWUDEDOKR

3UHYLGrQFLD6RFLDO
$VVLVWrQFLD6RFLDO

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

84

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 14 - Da Ordem Social

'$25'(062&,$/,,,6(*85,'$'(62&,$/

6D~GH
2UJDQL]DGDVRED
IRUPDGHUHJLPH

*HUDO
'HFDUiWHUFRQWULEXWLYR
'HILOLDomRREULJDWyULD

L&REHUWXUDGHGRHQoDLQYDOLGH]PRUWHHLGDGHDYDQoDGD
LL3URWHomRjPDWHUQLGDGHHVSHFLDOPHQWHjJHVWDQWH
LLL 3URWHomR DR WUDEDOKDGRU HP VLWXDomR
GHGHVHPSUHJR,192/8175,2

$WHQGHUi

LY6DOiULRIDPtOLDHDX[tOLRUHFOXVmRSDUDRVGHSHQGHQWHV
GRVVHJXUDGRVGH%$,;$5(1'$
Y3HQVmRSRUPRUWHGRVHJXUDGRKRPHPRXPXOKHU
DRF{QMXJHRXFRPSDQKHLURHGHSHQGHQWHV

9HGDGDDDGRomRGHUHTXLVLWRVHFULWpULRVGLIHUHQFLDGRVSDUD
DFRQFHVVmRGHDSRVHQWDGRULDDRVEHQHILFLiULRVGR5*36

3UHYLGrQFLD
6RFLDO

6DOYR

$WLYLGDGHVTXHSUHMXGLTXHPDVD~GHRXDLQWHJULGDGHItVLFD
6HJXUDGRVSRUWDGRUHVGHGHILFLrQFLD
1HQKXPEHQHItFLRTXHVXEVWLWXDRVDOiULRGHFRQWULEXLomR
RXRUHQGLPHQWRGRWUDEDOKRGRVHJXUDGRWHUiYDORUPHQVDO
LQIHULRUDRVDOiULRPtQLPR
7RGRVRVVDOiULRVGHFRQWULEXLomRFRQVLGHUDGRVSDUDRFiOFXOR
GHEHQHItFLRVHUmRGHYLGDPHQWHDWXDOL]DGRVQDIRUPDGDOHL

*DUDQWLDVH
YHGDo}HV

eDVVHJXUDGRRUHDMXVWDPHQWRGRVEHQHItFLRVSDUD
SUHVHUYDUOKHVHPFDUiWHUSHUPDQHQWHRYDORUUHDO
FRQIRUPHFULWpULRVGHILQLGRVHPOHL
$JUDWLILFDomRQDWDOLQDGRVDSRVHQWDGRVHSHQVLRQLVWDVWHUiSRU
EDVHRYDORUGRVSURYHQWRVGRPrVGHGH]HPEURGHFDGDDQR

6HJXULGDGH
6RFLDO

eYHGDGDDILOLDomRDRUHJLPHJHUDOGHSUHYLGrQFLDVRFLDO 5*36 
QDTXDOLGDGHGHVHJXUDGRIDFXOWDWLYRGHSHVVRDSDUWLFLSDQWHGH
UHJLPHSUySULRGHSUHYLGrQFLD 5336VHUYLGRUHVS~EOLFRV
6HUiSUHVWDGDDTXHPQHFHVVLWDU
1mRGHSHQGHGHFRQWULEXLomRjVHJXULGDGHVRFLDO
)LQDQFLDPHQWRVHUiFRPUHFXUVRVGRRUoDPHQWRGDVHJXULGDGHVRFLDO
L3URWHomRjIDPtOLDjPDWHUQLGDGH
jLQIkQFLDjDGROHVFrQFLDHjYHOKLFH
LL$PSDURjVFULDQoDVHDGROHVFHQWHVFDUHQWHV
LLL3URPRomRGDLQWHJUDomRDRPHUFDGRGHWUDEDOKR
2EMHWLYRV

LY +DELOLWDomR H UHDELOLWDomR GDV SHVVRDV SRUWDGRUDV GH GHILFLrQFLD


HDSURPRomRGHVXDLQWHJUDomRjYLGDFRPXQLWiULD
Y*DUDQWLDGHXPVDOiULRPtQLPRGH EHQHItFLR PHQVDO
jSHVVRDSRUWDGRUDGHGHILFLrQFLDHDRLGRVRTXH
FRPSURYHPQmRSRVVXLU PHLRVGHSURYHU jSUySULD
PDQXWHQomRRXGHWrODSURYLGDSRUVXDIDPtOLD

$VVLVWrQFLD
6RFLDO

$o}HVJRYHUQDPHQWDLVQDiUHDGHDVVLVWrQFLDVRFLDO
5HDOL]DGDVFRPUHFXUVRVGRRUoDPHQWRGD
VHJXULGDGHVRFLDODOpPGHRXWUDVIRQWHV
L 'HVFHQWUDOL]DomRSROtWLFRDGPLQLVWUDWLYD FDEHQGR
DFRRUGHQDomRHDVQRUPDVJHUDLVjHVIHUDIHGHUDOHD
FRRUGHQDomR H D H[HFXomR GRV UHVSHFWLYRV SURJUDPDV
jVHVIHUDVHVWDGXDOHPXQLFLSDOEHPFRPRDHQWLGDGHV
EHQHILFHQWHVHGHDVVLVWrQFLDVRFLDO
'LUHWUL]HV

LL 3DUWLFLSDomRGDSRSXODomRSRUPHLRGHRUJDQL]Do}HV
UHSUHVHQWDWLYDV QD IRUPXODomR GDV SROtWLFDV H QR FRQWUROH
GDVDo}HVHPWRGRVRVQtYHLV

85

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 14 - Da Ordem Social

'$25'(062&,$/,9
'LUHLWRGHWRGRVHGHYHUGR(VWDGRHGDIDPtOLD
3URPRYLGDHLQFHQWLYDGDFRPDFRODERUDomRGDVRFLHGDGHYLVDQGRDRSOHQRGHVHQYROYLPHQWRGD
SHVVRDVHXSUHSDURSDUDRH[HUFtFLRGDFLGDGDQLDHVXDTXDOLILFDomRSDUDRWUDEDOKR
L,JXDOGDGHGHFRQGLo}HVSDUDRDFHVVRHSHUPDQrQFLDQDHVFROD
LL/LEHUGDGHGHDSUHQGHUHQVLQDUSHVTXLVDUHGLYXOJDURSHQVDPHQWRDDUWHHRVDEHU
LLL3OXUDOLVPRGH LGHLDV H GH FRQFHSo}HV SHGDJyJLFDV H
FRH[LVWrQFLDGHLQVWLWXLo}HVS~EOLFDVHSULYDGDVGHHQVLQR
LY*UDWXLGDGHGRHQVLQRS~EOLFRHPHVWDEHOHFLPHQWRVRILFLDLV
Y 9DORUL]DomR GRV SURILVVLRQDLV GD HGXFDomR HVFRODU JDUDQWLGRV QD
IRUPD GD OHL SODQRV GH FDUUHLUD FRP LQJUHVVR H[FOXVLYDPHQWH SRU
FRQFXUVRS~EOLFRGHSURYDVHWtWXORVDRVGDVUHGHVS~EOLFDV

3ULQFtSLRV

YL*HVWmRGHPRFUiWLFDGRHQVLQRS~EOLFRQDIRUPDGDOHL
YLL*DUDQWLDGHSDGUmRGHTXDOLGDGH
YLLL 3LVR VDODULDO SURILVVLRQDO QDFLRQDO SDUD RV SURILVVLRQDLV
GDHGXFDomRHVFRODUS~EOLFDQRVWHUPRVGHOHLIHGHUDO
*R]DPGH
DXWRQRPLD

L'LGiWLFRFLHQWtILFD
LL$GPLQLVWUDWLYD
LLL*HVWmRILQDQFHLUDHSDWULPRQLDO

8QLYHUVLGDGHV

2EHGHFHUmRDRSULQFtSLRGH
LQGLVVRFLDELOLGDGHHQWUH

L(QVLQR
LL3HVTXLVD
LLL([WHQVmR

(GXFDomR

3RGHPDGPLWLUSURIHVVRUHVWpFQLFRVHFLHQWLVWDVHVWUDQJHLURV
L (GXFDomREiVLFDREULJDWyULDHJUDWXLWDGRVDRVDQRVGH LGDGH DVVHJXUDGD
DRIHUWDJUDWXLWDSDUDWRGRVRVTXHDHODQmRWLYHUDPDFHVVRQDLGDGHSUySULD
LL3URJUHVVLYDXQLYHUVDOL]DomRGRHQVLQRPpGLRJUDWXLWR
'HYHUHV
GR(VWDGR
HPUHODomR
DRHQVLQR

'D
2UGHP
6RFLDO

LLL $WHQGLPHQWR HGXFDFLRQDO HVSHFLDOL]DGR DRV SRUWDGRUHV GH


GHILFLrQFLDSUHIHUHQFLDOPHQWHQDUHGHUHJXODUGHHQVLQR
LY(GXFDomRLQIDQWLOHPFUHFKHHSUpHVFRODjVFULDQoDVDWpDQRVGHLGDGH
Y $FHVVRDRV QtYHLV PDLVHOHYDGRV GR HQVLQRGD SHVTXLVD
HGDFULDomRDUWtVWLFDVHJXQGRDFDSDFLGDGHGHFDGDXP
YL2IHUWDGHHQVLQRQRWXUQRUHJXODUDGHTXDGRjVFRQGLo}HVGRHGXFDQGR
YLL $WHQGLPHQWR DR HGXFDQGR HP WRGDV DV HWDSDV GD HGXFDomR
EiVLFD SRU PHLR GH SURJUDPDV VXSOHPHQWDUHV GH PDWHULDO
GLGiWLFRHVFRODUWUDQVSRUWHDOLPHQWDomRHDVVLVWrQFLDjVD~GH

2DFHVVRDRHQVLQRREULJDWyULRHJUDWXLWRpGLUHLWRS~EOLFRVXEMHWLYRHR
QmRRIHUHFLPHQWRGRHQVLQRREULJDWyULRSHOR3RGHU3~EOLFRRXVXD
RIHUWDLUUHJXODULPSRUWDUHVSRQVDELOLGDGHGDDXWRULGDGHFRPSHWHQWH
2HQVLQRpOLYUHjLQLFLDWLYDSULYDGD
DWHQGLGDVDVVHJXLQWHVFRQGLo}HV

L&XPSULPHQWRGDVQRUPDVJHUDLVGDHGXFDomRQDFLRQDO
LL$XWRUL]DomRHDYDOLDomRGHTXDOLGDGHSHOR3RGHU3~EOLFR

2HQVLQRUHOLJLRVRpGHPDWUtFXODIDFXOWDWLYD
$LQREVHUYkQFLDGDDSOLFDomRQDHGXFDomRSHOR(VWDGRPHPEURRX'LVWULWR
)HGHUDOGRVSHUFHQWXDLVPtQLPRVGDVUHFHLWDVUHVXOWDQWHVGHLPSRVWRVFRQIRUPH
SUHYLVWRQRDUWSRGHUiHQVHMDUDGHFUHWDomRGHLQWHUYHQomRIHGHUDO
2(VWDGRJDUDQWLUiDWRGRVRSOHQRH[HUFtFLRGRVGLUHLWRVFXOWXUDLVHDFHVVRjVIRQWHVGDFXOWXUD
QDFLRQDOHDSRLDUiHLQFHQWLYDUiDYDORUL]DomRHDGLIXVmRGDVPDQLIHVWDo}HVFXOWXUDLV
2(VWDGRSURWHJHUiDVPDQLIHVWDo}HVGDVFXOWXUDVSRSXODUHVLQGtJHQDVHDIUREUDVLOHLUDV
HGDVGHRXWURVJUXSRVSDUWLFLSDQWHVGRSURFHVVRFLYLOL]DWyULRQDFLRQDO
$OHLHVWDEHOHFHUiR3ODQR1DFLRQDOGH
&XOWXUDGHGXUDomRSOXULDQXDOYLVDQGR
DRGHVHQYROYLPHQWRFXOWXUDOGR3DtVHj
LQWHJUDomRGDVDo}HVGRSRGHUS~EOLFR
TXHFRQGX]HPj

L'HIHVDHYDORUL]DomRGRSDWULP{QLRFXOWXUDOEUDVLOHLUR
LL3URGXomRSURPRomRHGLIXVmRGHEHQVFXOWXUDLV
LLL )RUPDomR GH SHVVRDO TXDOLILFDGR SDUD D JHVWmR
GDFXOWXUDHPVXDVP~OWLSODVGLPHQV}HV
LY'HPRFUDWL]DomRGRDFHVVRDRVEHQVGHFXOWXUD
Y9DORUL]DomRGDGLYHUVLGDGHpWQLFDHUHJLRQDO

&XOWXUD

)LFDPWRPEDGRVWRGRVRVGRFXPHQWRVHRVVtWLRVGHWHQWRUHV
GHUHPLQLVFrQFLDVKLVWyULFDVGRVDQWLJRVTXLORPERV
&RQVWLWXHPSDWULP{QLRFXOWXUDOEUDVLOHLURRV
EHQVGHQDWXUH]DPDWHULDOHLPDWHULDO
WRPDGRVLQGLYLGXDOPHQWHRXHPFRQMXQWR
SRUWDGRUHVGHUHIHUrQFLDjLGHQWLGDGHjDomR
jPHPyULDGRVGLIHUHQWHVJUXSRVIRUPDGRUHV
GDVRFLHGDGHEUDVLOHLUDQRVTXDLVVHLQFOXHP

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

L$VIRUPDVGHH[SUHVVmR
LL2VPRGRVGHFULDUID]HUHYLYHU
LLL$VFULDo}HVFLHQWtILFDVDUWtVWLFDVHWHFQROyJLFDV
LY$V REUDV REMHWRV GRFXPHQWRV HGLILFDo}HV H GHPDLV
HVSDoRVGHVWLQDGRVjVPDQLIHVWDo}HVDUWtVWLFRFXOWXUDLV
Y2VFRQMXQWRVXUEDQRVHVtWLRVGHYDORUKLVWyULFR
SDLVDJtVWLFRDUWtVWLFRDUTXHROyJLFRSDOHRQWROyJLFR
HFROyJLFRHFLHQWtILFR
86

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 14 - Da Ordem Social

'$25'(062&,$/9
2(VWDGRSURPRYHUiHLQFHQWLYDUiRGHVHQYROYLPHQWR
FLHQWtILFRDSHVTXLVDHDFDSDFLWDomRWHFQROyJLFDV
&LHQWtILFDEiVLFD
3HVTXLVD
7HFQROyJLFD

5HFHEHUiWUDWDPHQWRSULRULWiULRGR(VWDGR

9ROWDUVHiSUHSRQGHUDQWHPHQWHSDUDDVROXomRGRV
SUREOHPDVEUDVLOHLURVHSDUDRGHVHQYROYLPHQWRGR
VLVWHPDSURGXWLYRQDFLRQDOHUHJLRQDO

2(VWDGRDSRLDUiDIRUPDomRGHUHFXUVRVKXPDQRVQDViUHDV
GHFLrQFLDSHVTXLVDHWHFQRORJLDHFRQFHGHUiDRVTXHGHODVVH
RFXSHPPHLRVHFRQGLo}HVHVSHFLDLVGHWUDEDOKR

'D&LrQFLDH
7HFQRORJLD

$OHLDSRLDUiHHVWLPXODUiDVHPSUHVDVTXHLQYLVWDPHPSHVTXLVD
FULDomRGHWHFQRORJLDDGHTXDGDDR3DtVIRUPDomRHDSHUIHLoRDPHQWR
GHVHXVUHFXUVRVKXPDQRVHTXHSUDWLTXHPVLVWHPDVGHUHPXQHUDomR
TXHDVVHJXUHPDRHPSUHJDGRGHVYLQFXODGDGRVDOiULRSDUWLFLSDomR
QRVJDQKRVHFRQ{PLFRVUHVXOWDQWHVGDSURGXWLYLGDGHGHVHXWUDEDOKR
eIDFXOWDGRDRV(VWDGRVHDR'LVWULWR)HGHUDOYLQFXODUSDUFHOD
GHVXDUHFHLWDRUoDPHQWiULDDHQWLGDGHVS~EOLFDVGHIRPHQWR
DRHQVLQRHjSHVTXLVDFLHQWtILFDHWHFQROyJLFD
2PHUFDGRLQWHUQRLQWHJUDRSDWULP{QLRQDFLRQDOHVHUiLQFHQWLYDGRGHPRGR
DYLDELOL]DURGHVHQYROYLPHQWRFXOWXUDOHVyFLRHFRQ{PLFRREHPHVWDUGD
SRSXODomRHDDXWRQRPLDWHFQROyJLFDGR3DtVQRVWHUPRVGHOHLIHGHUDO
$PDQLIHVWDomRGRSHQVDPHQWRDFULDomRDH[SUHVVmRHDLQIRUPDomR
VRETXDOTXHUIRUPDSURFHVVRRXYHtFXORQmRVRIUHUmRTXDOTXHUUHVWULomR
VDOYRDVUHVWULo}HVTXHDSUySULD&)HVWDEHOHFHU
eYHGDGDWRGDHTXDOTXHUFHQVXUDGHQDWXUH]DSROtWLFDLGHROyJLFDHDUWtVWLFD
$OHLQmRSRGHSUHMXGLFDUDSOHQDOLEHUGDGHGHLQIRUPDomRMRUQDOtVWLFD
2VPHLRVGHFRPXQLFDomRVRFLDOQmRSRGHPGLUHWDRX
LQGLUHWDPHQWHVHUREMHWRGHPRQRSyOLRRXROLJRSyOLR

'D
2UGHP
6RFLDO

$SXEOLFDomRGHYHtFXORLPSUHVVRGHFRPXQLFDomR
,1'(3(1'(GH/,&(1d$GHDXWRULGDGH
L5HJXODUDVGLYHUV}HVHHVSHWiFXORVS~EOLFRVFDEHQGRDR
3RGHU3~EOLFRLQIRUPDUVREUHDQDWXUH]DGHOHVDVIDL[DV
HWiULDVDTXHQmRVHUHFRPHQGHPORFDLVHKRUiULRVHPTXH
VXDDSUHVHQWDomRVHPRVWUHLQDGHTXDGD
&RPSHWHj
OHLIHGHUDO

LL(VWDEHOHFHURVPHLRVOHJDLVTXHJDUDQWDPjSHVVRDHj
IDPtOLDDSRVVLELOLGDGHGHVHGHIHQGHUHPGHSURJUDPDVRX
SURJUDPDo}HVGHUiGLRHWHOHYLVmRTXHFRQWUDULHPRVSULQFtSLRV
DVHJXLUEHPFRPRGDSURSDJDQGDGHSURGXWRVSUiWLFDVHP
VHUYLoRVTXHSRVVDPVHUQRFLYRVjVD~GHHDRPHLRDPELHQWH
L3UHIHUrQFLDDILQDOLGDGHVHGXFDWLYDVDUWtVWLFDV
FXOWXUDLVHLQIRUPDWLYDV

&RPXQLFDomR
6RFLDO

3ULQFtSLRV

LL3URPRomRGDFXOWXUDQDFLRQDOHUHJLRQDOHHVWtPXORj
SURGXomRLQGHSHQGHQWHTXHREMHWLYHVXDGLYXOJDomR
LLL5HJLRQDOL]DomRGDSURGXomRFXOWXUDODUWtVWLFDH
MRUQDOtVWLFDFRQIRUPHSHUFHQWXDLVHVWDEHOHFLGRVHPOHL
LY5HVSHLWRDRVYDORUHVpWLFRVHVRFLDLVGDSHVVRDHGDIDPtOLD

3URSULHGDGHGHHPSUHVD
MRUQDOtVWLFDHGHUDGLRGLIXVmR
VRQRUDHGHVRQVHLPDJHQV
p35,9$7,9$GH

L%UDVLOHLURVQDWRVRX
LL%UDVLOHLURV QDWXUDOL]DGRV
KiPDLVGHGH]DQRVRX
LLL3HVVRDVMXUtGLFDVFRQVWLWXtGDVVREDVOHLV
EUDVLOHLUDVHTXHWHQKDPVHGHQR3DtV

2EV3HORPHQRVGRFDSLWDOWRWDOHGRFDSLWDOYRWDQWHGDV
HPSUHVDVMRUQDOtVWLFDVHGHUDGLRGLIXVmRVRQRUDHGHVRQVHLPDJHQV
GHYHUiSHUWHQFHUGLUHWDRXLQGLUHWDPHQWHDEUDVLOHLURVQDWRVRX
QDWXUDOL]DGRVKiPDLVGHGH]DQRVTXHH[HUFHUmRREULJDWRULDPHQWH
DJHVWmRGDVDWLYLGDGHVHHVWDEHOHFHUmRRFRQWH~GRGDSURJUDPDomR
$UHVSRQVDELOLGDGHHGLWRULDOHDVDWLYLGDGHVGHVHOHomRHGLUHomRGD
SURJUDPDomRYHLFXODGDVmRSULYDWLYDVGHEUDVLOHLURVQDWRVRXQDWXUDOL]DGRV
KiPDLVGHGH]DQRVHPTXDOTXHUPHLRGHFRPXQLFDomRVRFLDO
Prof. Roberto Troncoso
87

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 14 - Da Ordem Social

'$25'(062&,$/9,
eGHYHUGR(VWDGRIRPHQWDUSUiWLFDVGHVSRUWLYDVIRUPDLVHQmRIRUPDLV
'LUHLWRGHWRGRV
L$DXWRQRPLDGDVHQWLGDGHVGHVSRUWLYDVGLULJHQWHVH
DVVRFLDo}HVTXDQWRDVXDRUJDQL]DomRHIXQFLRQDPHQWR

'HYHPVHU
REVHUYDGRV

'HVSRUWR

LL$GHVWLQDomRGHUHFXUVRVS~EOLFRVSDUDDSURPRomR
SULRULWiULDGRGHVSRUWR HGXFDFLRQDOHHPFDVRV
HVSHFtILFRVSDUDDGRGHVSRUWRGHDOWRUHQGLPHQWR
LLL 7UDWDPHQWR GLIHUHQFLDGR SDUD R GHVSRUWR
SURILVVLRQDOHRQmRSURILVVLRQDO
LY$SURWHomRHRLQFHQWLYRjVPDQLIHVWDo}HV
GHVSRUWLYDVGHFULDomRQDFLRQDO

23RGHU-XGLFLiULRVyDGPLWLUiDo}HVUHODWLYDVjGLVFLSOLQDHjVFRPSHWLo}HV
GHVSRUWLYDV$36HVJRWDUHPVHDVLQVWkQFLDVGDMXVWLoDGHVSRUWLYD
2EV

$MXVWLoDGHVSRUWLYDQmRID]SDUWHGR3RGHU-XGLFLiULR
$VVXDVGHFLV}HVQmRID]HPFRLVDMXOJDGD

7RGRVWrPGLUHLWRDRPHLRDPELHQWHHFRORJLFDPHQWHHTXLOLEUDGREHPGH
XVRFRPXPGRSRYRHHVVHQFLDOjVDGLDTXDOLGDGHGHYLGDLPSRQGRVHDR
3RGHU3~EOLFRHjFROHWLYLGDGHRGHYHUGHGHIHQGrORHSUHVHUYiORSDUDDV
SUHVHQWHVHIXWXUDVJHUDo}HV
2PHLRDPELHQWHHFRORJLFDPHQWHHTXLOLEUDGRpGLUHLWRIXQGDPHQWDO
L 3UHVHUYDU H UHVWDXUDU RV SURFHVVRV HFROyJLFRV HVVHQFLDLV
HSURYHURPDQHMRHFROyJLFRGDVHVSpFLHVHHFRVVLVWHPDV
LL3UHVHUYDUDGLYHUVLGDGHHDLQWHJULGDGHGRSDWULP{QLR
JHQpWLFRGR3DtVHILVFDOL]DUDVHQWLGDGHVGHGLFDGDVj
SHVTXLVDHPDQLSXODomRGHPDWHULDOJHQpWLFR

'D
2UGHP
6RFLDO

LLL'HILQLUHPWRGDVDVXQLGDGHVGD)HGHUDomRHVSDoRVWHUULWRULDLV
H VHXV FRPSRQHQWHV D VHUHP HVSHFLDOPHQWH SURWHJLGRV VHQGR
DDOWHUDomRHDVXSUHVVmRSHUPLWLGDVVRPHQWHDWUDYpVGHOHL
YHGDGD TXDOTXHU XWLOL]DomR TXH FRPSURPHWD D LQWHJULGDGH GRV
DWULEXWRVTXHMXVWLILTXHPVXDSURWHomR
,QFXPEHDR
3RGHU3~EOLFR

'R0HLR
DPELHQWH

LY([LJLUQDIRUPDGDOHLSDUDLQVWDODomRGHREUDRX
DWLYLGDGH SRWHQFLDOPHQWH FDXVDGRUD GH VLJQLILFDWLYD
GHJUDGDomR GRPHLR DPELHQWH HVWXGR SUpYLR GH
LPSDFWRDPELHQWDODTXHVHGDUiSXEOLFLGDGH
Y&RQWURODUDSURGXomRDFRPHUFLDOL]DomRHRHPSUHJRGH
WpFQLFDV PpWRGRV H VXEVWkQFLDV TXH FRPSRUWHP ULVFR
SDUDDYLGDDTXDOLGDGHGHYLGDHRPHLRDPELHQWH
YL3URPRYHUDHGXFDomRDPELHQWDOHPWRGRVRVQtYHLVGHHQVLQRH
DFRQVFLHQWL]DomRS~EOLFDSDUDDSUHVHUYDomRGRPHLRDPELHQWH
YLL3URWHJHUDIDXQDHDIORUDYHGDGDVQDIRUPDGDOHLDVSUiWLFDV
TXHFRORTXHPHPULVFRVXDIXQomRHFROyJLFDSURYRTXHPD
H[WLQomRGHHVSpFLHVRXVXEPHWDPRVDQLPDLVDFUXHOGDGH

$TXHOHTXHH[SORUDUUHFXUVRVPLQHUDLVILFDREULJDGR
DUHFXSHUDURPHLRDPELHQWHGHJUDGDGR
$)ORUHVWD$PD]{QLFDEUDVLOHLUDD0DWD$WOkQWLFDD6HUUDGR0DUR3DQWDQDO
0DWR*URVVHQVHHD=RQD&RVWHLUDVmRSDWULP{QLRQDFLRQDOHVXDXWLOL]DomR
IDUVHiQDIRUPDGDOHLGHQWURGHFRQGLo}HVTXHDVVHJXUHPDSUHVHUYDomRGR
PHLRDPELHQWHLQFOXVLYHTXDQWRDRXVRGRVUHFXUVRVQDWXUDLV
$VFRQGXWDVHDWLYLGDGHVFRQVLGHUDGDVOHVLYDVDRPHLRDPELHQWHVXMHLWDUmRRV
LQIUDWRUHVSHVVRDVItVLFDVRX MXUtGLFDVDVDQo}HVSHQDLVHDGPLQLVWUDWLYDV
LQGHSHQGHQWHPHQWHGDREULJDomRGHUHSDUDURVGDQRVFDXVDGRV
6mRLQGLVSRQtYHLVDVWHUUDVGHYROXWDVRXDUUHFDGDGDVSHORV(VWDGRVSRU
Do}HVGLVFULPLQDWyULDVQHFHVViULDVjSURWHomRGRVHFRVVLVWHPDVQDWXUDLV

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

$VXVLQDVTXHRSHUHPFRPUHDWRUQXFOHDUGHYHUmRWHUVXDORFDOL]DomR
GHILQLGDHPOHL)('(5$/VHPRTXHQmRSRGHUmRVHULQVWDODGDV
88

Direito Constitucional em Mapas Mentais

Cap. 14 - Da Ordem Social

'$25'(062&,$/9,,
$IDPtOLDEDVHGDVRFLHGDGHWHPHVSHFLDOSURWHomRGR(VWDGR
eFLYLOHJUDWXLWR
5HOLJLRVRWHPHIHLWRFLYLO
$OHLGHYHIDFLOLWDUDFRQYHUVmRGDXQLmRHVWiYHOHPFDVDPHQWR
2VGLUHLWRVHGHYHUHVUHIHUHQWHVjVRFLHGDGHFRQMXJDO
VmRH[HUFLGRVLJXDOPHQWHSHORKRPHPHSHODPXOKHU

&DVDPHQWR

&DVDPHQWRFLYLOSRGHVHU
GLVVROYLGRSHOR',95&,2

1mRSUHFLVDPDLVHVSHUDUDQRV
GHVHSDUDomRGHIDWRRXDQRGH
VHSDUDomRMXGLFLDO (&

3DUDHIHLWRGDSURWHomRGR(VWDGRpUHFRQKHFLGDDXQLmR
HVWiYHOHQWUHRKRPHPHDPXOKHUFRPRHQWLGDGHIDPLOLDU

KRPHPHDPXOKHUWDPEpP SRGH VHU HVWHQGLGR SDUD


XQL}HVKRPRDIHWLYDV $',')H$'3)5-

'D3URWHomR
j )DPtOLD
j &ULDQoD
DR $GROHVFHQWH
DR-RYHPH
DR,GRVR

(QWLGDGH
IDPLOLDU

&DVDPHQWR FLYLORXUHOLJLRVR
8QLmRHVWiYHO
4XDOTXHUGRVSDLVHVHXVGHVFHQGHQWHV

3ODQHMDPHQWR
IDPLOLDU

/LYUHGHFLVmRGRFDVDO
2(VWDGRGHYHSURSLFLDUUHFXUVRVHGXFDFLRQDLVHFLHQWtILFRV
SDUDRH[HUFtFLRGHVVHGLUHLWRYHGDGDTXDOTXHUIRUPD
FRHUFLWLYDSRUSDUWHGHLQVWLWXLo}HVRILFLDLVRXSULYDGDV

3RUWDGRUHVGHGHILFLrQFLD

$OHLRVSURWHJHUi

2(VWDGRSURPRYHUiSURJUDPDVGHDVVLVWrQFLDLQWHJUDOjVD~GHGDFULDQoDGR
DGROHVFHQWHHGRMRYHPDGPLWLGDDSDUWLFLSDomRGHHQWLGDGHVQmRJRYHUQDPHQWDLV
PHGLDQWHSROtWLFDVHVSHFtILFDVHREHGHFHQGRDRVVHJXLQWHVSUHFHLWRV

'D
2UGHP
6RFLDO

L $SOLFDomR GH SHUFHQWXDO GRV UHFXUVRV S~EOLFRV


GHVWLQDGRVjVD~GHQDDVVLVWrQFLDPDWHUQRLQIDQWLO
LL &ULDomR GH SURJUDPDV GH SUHYHQomR H DWHQGLPHQWR HVSHFLDOL]DGR SDUD
DV SHVVRDV SRUWDGRUDV GH GHILFLrQFLD ItVLFD VHQVRULDO RX PHQWDO EHP
FRPRGHLQWHJUDomRVRFLDOGRDGROHVFHQWHHGRMRYHPSRUWDGRUGHGHILFLrQFLD
PHGLDQWHRWUHLQDPHQWRSDUDRWUDEDOKRHDFRQYLYrQFLDHDIDFLOLWDomRGR
DFHVVRDRVEHQVHVHUYLoRVFROHWLYRVFRPDHOLPLQDomRGHREVWiFXORV
DUTXLWHW{QLFRVHGHWRGDVDVIRUPDVGHGLVFULPLQDomR
6mRSHQDOPHQWHLQLPSXWiYHLVRVPHQRUHVGHGH]RLWR
DQRVVXMHLWRVjVQRUPDVGDOHJLVODomRHVSHFLDO
6mRUHFRQKHFLGRVDRVtQGLRVVXDRUJDQL]DomRVRFLDOFRVWXPHVOtQJXDVFUHQoDVH
WUDGLo}HVHRV',5(,726RULJLQiULRVVREUHDVWHUUDVTXHWUDGLFLRQDOPHQWHRFXSDP
FRPSHWLQGRj8QLmRGHPDUFiODVSURWHJHUHID]HUUHVSHLWDUWRGRVRVVHXVEHQV
$VWHUUDVWUDGLFLRQDOPHQWHRFXSDGDVSHORVtQGLRVVmREHQVGD81,2
6mRWHUUDVWUDGLFLRQDOPHQWHRFXSDGDVSHORVtQGLRVDVSRUHOHVKDELWDGDVHP
FDUiWHUSHUPDQHQWHDVXWLOL]DGDVSDUDVXDVDWLYLGDGHVSURGXWLYDVDVLPSUHVFLQGtYHLV
jSUHVHUYDomRGRVUHFXUVRVDPELHQWDLVQHFHVViULRVDVHXEHPHVWDUHDVQHFHVViULDV
DVXDUHSURGXomRItVLFDHFXOWXUDOVHJXQGRVHXVXVRVFRVWXPHVHWUDGLo}HV
$VWHUUDVWUDGLFLRQDOPHQWHRFXSDGDVSHORVtQGLRVGHVWLQDPVHD
VXDSRVVHSHUPDQHQWHFDEHQGROKHVRXVXIUXWRH[FOXVLYRGDV
ULTXH]DVGRVRORGRVULRVHGRVODJRVQHODVH[LVWHQWHV

'RVQGLRV

2DSURYHLWDPHQWRGRVUHFXUVRVKtGULFRVLQFOXtGRVRVSRWHQFLDLVHQHUJpWLFRVD
SHVTXLVDHDODYUDGDVULTXH]DVPLQHUDLVHPWHUUDVLQGtJHQDVVySRGHPVHU
HIHWLYDGRVFRPDXWRUL]DomRGR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDORXYLGDVDVFRPXQLGDGHV
DIHWDGDVILFDQGROKHVDVVHJXUDGDSDUWLFLSDomRQRVUHVXOWDGRVGDODYUDQDIRUPDGDOHL
$VWHUUDVGHTXHWUDWDHVWHDUWLJRVmRLQDOLHQiYHLVH
LQGLVSRQtYHLVHRVGLUHLWRVVREUHHODVLPSUHVFULWtYHLV
eYHGDGDDUHPRomRGRVJUXSRVLQGtJHQDVGHVXDVWHUUDVVDOYRDGUHIHUHQGXP
GR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDOHPFDVRGHFDWiVWURIHRXHSLGHPLDTXHSRQKDHPULVFRVXD
SRSXODomRRXQRLQWHUHVVHGDVREHUDQLDGR3DtVDSyVGHOLEHUDomRGR&RQJUHVVR
1DFLRQDOJDUDQWLGRHPTXDOTXHUKLSyWHVHRUHWRUQRLPHGLDWRORJRTXHFHVVHRULVFR

Prof. Roberto Troncoso

2VtQGLRVVXDVFRPXQLGDGHVHRUJDQL]Do}HVVmRSDUWHVOHJtWLPDVSDUD
LQJUHVVDUHPMXt]RHPGHIHVDGHVHXVGLUHLWRVHLQWHUHVVHVLQWHUYLQGRR
0LQLVWpULR3~EOLFRHPWRGRVRVDWRVGRSURFHVVR
89