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# :

:
, .

:
, IV6

, 2016. .

1.

....................................................................................................................................3

2.

...............................................................................................4

3.

2.1.

..................................................................................................4

2.2.

...........................................................4

2.3.

..........................................................................................................5

2.4.

....................................................................................................................6

..............................................................................7
3.1.

..............................................................................................7

3.2.

....................................................................................................9

3.3.

................................................................................................10

3.4.

............................................................................................12

3.5.

.....................................................................................16

3.6.

...................................................................................17

3.7.

...........................................................................................18

4.

..............................................................................................................20

5.

..........................................................................................................................25

6.

.......................................................................................................................26

1.
.
, ,
.

. , ,
.
,
. , , , , ,
, .
, .
,
.

2.
3

2.1.
.
:
2

ax + bx+ c=0
a 0. ( a = 0, .)
a, b, c : a
x2, b x, c .
b c 0.
.
0 .

2.2.
( ) (
) , .
, :
x 1,2=

b b24 ac
2a

b+ b 24 ac
x 1=
2a

x 2=

b b24 ac
2a

2.3.
, :
=b2 4 ac
.
:
x 1,2=

b D
2a

D<0 ,

## D<0, D=0, D> 0 .

D ,

D=0 ,

D ,

D>0 ,

D ,

.
,
D ( D 0 )
( D<0 ), ( D=0
) ( D>0 ).

2.4.
j
, , , .
( 2050. . . . 1650. . . .)
, , j
. , 8. . . .,
ax2 = c ax2 + bx = c
. 400. . . . 200. . . .
j
.
.

. , 300.
. . , .

.
, ,
.
628. , (
) :
ax 2+ bx=c

[] ,
[] ; , []
[] .

3.

.
.
n- n ( 2
, 3 .).

3.1.

.
4
2
ax +bx +c=0, 0

x2=t,

t 1,2

.
1:

y 4 9 y 2+ 20=0

:
y 2=t
t 2 9 t+20=0

t 1,2 =

b b24 ac
2a

t 1,2 =

(9) (9)2 4 20 1
2 1

t 1,2 =

9 8180
2

t 1,2 =

t1 =

9+ 1
=5
2

t2 =

91
=4
2

9 1
2

:
1. y 2 =t 1
y 2=5
y 1,2= 5
2. y 2=t 2
2

y =4
y 3,4=2

4
, .
, .
2:

x +40 x +144=0

:
2

x =t
t 2 + 40 t+144=0

t 1,2 =

b b24 ac
2a

t 1,2 =

40 402 4 144 1
21

t 1,2 =

40 1600576
2
t 1,2 =

t1 =

40+ 32
=4
2

t2 =

4032
=36
2

40 32
2

:
1. x 2=t 1
2

x =4

i :
i 2=1
:
9

i= 1
x 1,2= 4 (1)
x 1,2= 2i
2. x 2=t 2
x 2=36
:
x 3,4= 36 (1)
x 3,4= 6 i

3.2.
:
Ax n B=0 , (

A >0

B> 0 )

n B
x= y A

y 1=0
4
3: 16 x 81=0

4x

:
2

A B =( AB)( A+ B)
10

( 4 x2 9 ) ( 4 x2 +9 )=0
4 x 29=0

4 x 2 +9=0

4 x 2=9 4 x 2=9
9 2 9
2
x= x=
4
4
x 1,2=

3 2 9
x = (1)
2
4

3
x 3,4= i
2

3.3.
J :
ax 2 n+bx n+ c=0,
a,b c , .
:
x
a( n) +bx n +c=0,

x =t .

4: 8 x 35 x +27=0
:
x 3=t
8 t 2 35 t+27=0
, ,
2 :
11

8 t 8 t 27 t+27=0
8 t(t1)27(t1)=0

( t1 ) (8 t27)=0
t 1 =1
t2 =

27
8

:
3

1. x =1
x 31=0
(x1)(x2 + x +1)=0
x1=0

x 1=1

x 2+ x +1=0

1 (1)24
x 2,3=
2

x 2,3=

1 3
2

x 2,3=

1 i 3
2

2. x =

27
=0
8

( x 32 )( x + 32 x+ 94 )=0
2

12

27
8

3
x =0
2

3
9
x 2+ x + =0/ 4
2
4

3
x =0 4 x 2 +6 x +9=0
2
3
6 364 4 9
x 4= x 5,6 =
2
8
x 5,6=

6 108
8

x 5,6=

6 i 36 3
8

x 5,6=

6 6 i 3
8

3
1 i

6
x5,6 =
3
1 i
3
x5,6 =
4

3.4.
:
n

ax +bx

n1

+ cx

n2

## + ..+ cx +bx +a=0

, (
xk xn-k ).

13

x=

x=

5.
:
x 7+ 4 x 6 +2 x5 +5 x 4 +5 x 3+ 2 x 2 +4 x +1=0
1. ,
,
(. 5x4 5x3: 4 , 3 , 4x6 4x: 6
, a 1 ) -1,
0.
(1)7 + 4 (1)6 +2(1)5+5(1)4 +5(1)3+ 2(1)2+ 4(1)+1=0
1+ 42+55+ 24+1=0
, x= 1 .
2. (x+1).

. je .
x
( 7+ 4 x + 2 x +5 x +5 x +2 x + 4 x +1): ( x +1 )=x 6 +3 x5 x 4 +6 x 3x 2+3 x +1

3.
.
x 6+ 3 x 5x 4 + 6 x3 x2 +3 x +1=0 /: x 3
1
1 1
x 3+3 x 2x +6 +3 2 + 3 =0
x
x x
4. (
)

14

( x + x1 )+3( x + x1 )( x + 1x )+6=0
3

5. :
t=x+

1
x

():
-

(
) :
1
x

( )

t2 = x +

1 1
t =x +2 x +
x x
2

()

t =x +2+

1
x2

t 2 2=x 2+

1
x2

.
-

:
3
1
t3 = x +
x

( )

1
1 1
t 3 =x 3+3 x 2 +3 x 2 + 3
x
x x
1 1
t 3 =x 3+3 x +3 + 3
x x
3

( 1x )+ x1

t =x +3 x+

t 3 =x 3+3 t +

1
x3

15

t 3 3 t=x3 +

1
3
x

.
6. :

( t 33 t ) + 3 ( t 22 )t +6=0
t 3 +3 t 24 t=0
7. :
t 1 =0 t 2=4 t 3=1
8. t:
1. 0=x +

1
x

2.4=x+

1
x

x 2+1=0

x 1=i x 2=i

x +1=4 x

x 2+ 4 x +1=0
x 3=2 3 x 4=2+ 3

3.1=x+

1
x

x 2+1=x

x 2x+1=0

x 5=

1i 3
1+i 3
x6 =
2
2

x 7=1

1.

16

: ,
3.
6.
4

6 x +5 x 38 x +5 x+ 6=0/ : x

1
1
6 x 2+5 x38+5 +6 2 =0
x
x

6 x2 +

1
1
+5 x+ 38=0
2
x
x

) ( )

1
x+ =t / 2
x

1 1
2
2
x +2 x + 2 =t
x x
2

x+

1 2
=t 2
x2

6 ( t 22 ) +5 t38=0
6 t 2+5 t50=0

t 1,2 =

5 2524 (50)
12

t 1,2 =

5 1225
12

t 1,2 =

5 35
12

5
10
t 1 = t 2=
2
3
:

17

1 5
1. x + /2 x , x 0
x 2
2

2 x 5 x +2=0
x 1,2=

5 2516
4

x 1,2=

53
4

1
x 1= x2=2
2
1 10
2. x + /3 x , x 0
x 3
3 x2 +10 x+ 3=0
x 3,4=

10 10036
6

x 3,4=

10 8
6
x 3=3

x 4=

1
3

3.5.
:
ax n +bx n1+ cx n2+ ..cx 2bxa=0
,
n2
x
(

).

18

x=1 .

( x1 )
.
0.
?

( )
.
.
7:

2 x +3 x 3 x2=0

x
2( 31)+3 x (x1)=0

2 ( x1 ) ( x 2 + x+1 )+ 3 x ( x1 )=0

( x1 ) ( 2 x 2 +5 x+2 ) =0
2

x1=0

2 x +5 x+ 2=0

x 1=1 x 2,3 =

5 2516
4

x 2,3=

x 2=

5 3
4

1
2

x 3=2

3.6.

.
, .
8.
19

tg x +2 ctg x3=0

tg x=

1
ctg x

1
+2 ctg x3=0/ ctg x
ctg x
2 ctg 2 x3 ctg x+1=0
:
ctg x =t
2

2t 3 t +1=0
t 1,2 =

3 94 2 1
4

t 1,2 =

31
4

t 1 =1t 2=

1
2

:
1. ctg x=1

x= +k , k Z
2
2. ctg x=

1
2

1
x=arcctg + k , k Z
2

20

3.7.

.
:

## P=Q ,(P=P ( x ) ,Q=Q ( x ) )

, , .
9.

x+ 3 3 5 x +2 13
+
=
5 x+ 2
x +3
6

, :

x+3
=t
5 x+2

x +3
=t 3
5 x +2
1 13
t+ = / 6 t
t 6
6 t 213 t+6=0
6 t 29 t4 t +6=0
3 t ( 2 t3 )2 ( 2t3 )=0

( 2t3 )( 3 t2 )=0
2t3=0

3
2
t 1 = t 2=
2
3

21

3 t2=0

:
1.

x+ 3
3
=
5 x+ 2 2

()

x +3 27
=
5 x +2 8
:
8 x+ 24=135 x +54
127 x=30

x 1=

2.

30
127

x+ 3
2
=
5 x+ 2 3

()

x +3
8
=
5 x +2 27
27 x+81=40 x +16
13 x=65

x 2=5

22

4.
1. :
x 4( a24 ) x 24 a2=0
x 2=t
t 2 ( a2 4 ) t4 a 2=0

## a24 ( a24 ) +16 a 2

t 1,2 =
2
a24 a 4 +8 a 2+16
t 1,2 =
2

a24 ( a2+ 4 )
t 1,2 =
2

t 1,2 =

## a24 |a2 +4|

2
2

t 1 =a t 2=4
:
1. x 2=a2
23

( xa ) ( x+ a )=0
x 1=a

x 2=a

2. x 2=4
x= 4 (1)
x= 2i

2. :
6
3
x 9 x + 8=0
:
x 3=t
t 2 9 t+ 8=0
t 1,2 =

9 8132
2

t 1,2 =

9 7
2
t 1 =8

t 2 =1

:
3

1. x =8
3

x 8=0

( x2 ) ( x2 +2 x+ 4 )=0
( x2 )=0

24

x +2 x +4=0

x 1=2 x 2,3 =

2 416
2

x 2,3=

2 i 12
2

x 2,3=

2 2i 3
2

x 2,3=1 i 3

2. x =1
x 31=0
(x1)(x2 + x +1)=0
x1=0

x 4=1

x 5,6=

x 5,6=

x 5,6=

x + x +1=0

1 3
2

1 i 3
2

3. :
3
2
12 x 37 x +37 x12=0
x
12( 31)37 x (x1)=0

12 ( x1 ) ( x 2 + x+1 ) 37 x ( x1 ) =0
25

1 (1)24
2

## ( x1 ) ( 12 x 225 x +12 )=0

2

x1=0

12 x 25 x +12=0

x 1=1 x 2,3 =

25 625576
24

x 2,3=

x 2=

25 7
24

4
3

x 3=

3
4

4. :
2 x 4 + 3 x 316 x 2 +3 x+ 2=0 /: x 2

2 x 2+

1
1
+3 x + 16=0
2
x
x

) ( )

1
x+ =t / 2
x

1 1
x 2+2 x + 2 =t 2
x x
x 2+

1 2
=t 2
2
x

2 ( t 22 ) +3 t16=0
2

2t +3 t20=0
t 1,2 =

3 9+ 160
4

26

t 1,2 =

3 13
4

5
t 1 = , t 2=4
2
:
1 5
1. x + /2 x , x 0
x 2
2 x 25 x +2=0
2 x 24 xx +2=0
2 x ( x2 )( x2)=0

( 2 x1 )( x2)=0
1
x 1= x2=2
2
1
2. x + 4 / x
x
x 2+ 4 x +1=0
x 3,4=

4 164
2

x 3,4=

4 2 3
2
x 3=2+ 3 x 4 =2 3

5. :
2 cos2 x7 cos x+ 3=0
:
27

cosx=t
:
2

2t 7 t +3=0
t 1,2 =

7 494 2 3
4

t 1,2 =

75
4
t 1 =3

t2 =

1
2

:
1.

cosx=3

,
-1 1.

2.

cosx=

x= + 2 k , k Z
3

28

1
2

5.
,
.

.
,
,
.

29

6.
,
,
, ,
, , ,
2, . .
- ,
. , . . , .
http://profesorgajic.weebly.com/ako-ste-propustili-lekcije-ii-razred.html
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dratne.pdf