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# NOTE- To be pasted IN LAB FILE on ruled side)

LAB ACTIVITY 2
Aim- To calculate the percentage of water absorbed by raisins on soaking them in water.
Materials required- 5 to 6 raisins(dried grapes), petri dish, filter/blotting paper, distilled water
Weighing machine.
Theory- 1. Raisins contain a high solute concentration in them..When they are soaked in water
which is hypotonic in comparison to the raisins. Water will enter the raisins by the
process of endosmosis. As a result the raisins swell up and their size increases.
2. Increasing the temperature of water slightly will make endosmosis faster.
Method- a) Find out the weight of the dry raisins with the help of a weighing machine.
Let it be W1
b) Now soak the raisins in water in a petri dish for about 5-6 hours.
c) Drain out water from the dish and remove excess water sticking to the surface
of the raisins with the help of blotting paper gently.
d) Weigh the raisins once again. Let the weight be W 2.
e) Calculate the percentage of water absorbed by the raisins during this period.
Calculation- Weight of dry raisins- W 1 = -----------------g
Weight of raisins soaked in water W 2 = ----------------g
Amount of water absorbed by raisins ( W 2 W 1) = ---------------g

## % of water absorbed = ( W 2 W1) X100

-------------------------- = ---------------%
W1
Precautions- a) Weight of dry and soaked raisins should be taken carefully.
b) Raisins should be soaked in water for 4-5 hours
c) Extra water from the soaked raisins should be removed by keeping
them gently between the folds of the blotting paper.
d) Zero error in the weighing machine should be calculated before weighing
of raisins is done in both the cases.

## PRACTICAL BASED MCQ ( TO BE PASTED)

LAB-2
Aim- To determine the percentage water imbibed by raisins (phenomenon of
osmosis).
Q1. Raisins swell up after being placed in a beaker containing water for sometime
because
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

The concentration of cell sap is higher than the water in the beaker.
The concentration of cell sap is lower the water in the beaker.
The concentration of cell sap is same as that of the water in the beaker.
Water inside the raisins passes out of them when placed in a beaker of water

## Q2. Four containers A,B,C and D contain the following solutions

A-Dilute, sugar solution, B-Concentrated sugar solution, C-Concentrated salt solution, DDistilled water
In which container the percentage of water absorbed will be maximum?
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

B
D
A
C

Q3. Soaked raisins are wiped with blotting paper to ensure that
(a)
Hand do not get wet.
(b)
Raisins lose water before weighing
(c)
Weighing scale does not get wet
(d)
Only water absorbed by raisins is weighed
Q4. A Student soaked 5kg of raisins in 25ml of distilled water in beakers A and B
with temperatures 10c and 40c respectively. After 1hr, the student observed that
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

## Water absorbed by raisins is same in beaker A and B.

Water absorbed by raisins is less in beaker A than B
Water absorbed by raisins is more in beaker A than B
Water absorbed by raisins is double in beaker A than in beaker B.

Q5. What is the correct sequence of calculating the percentage of water absorbed
by dry raisins?
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
(v)

## Weigh swollen raisins

Weigh dry raisins
Take 7-8 dry raisins
Dip them in water in a dish
Calculate the percentage of water absorbed.
(a)
iii), ii) iv), i) , v)
(b)
i), ii),iii), iv) ,v)
(c)
ii), iv), v), i), ii)
(d)
v), iv), iii), ii), i)

Q6. 5g raisins were placed in distilled water for 4 hrs. The weight of soaked raisins
was found to be 7g the percentage of water absorbed is
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

20%
25%
40%
45%

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

## Distilled water enters raisins because of endosmosis

Distilled water enters raisins because of exosmosis
Water moves out of raisins due to endosmosis
Water moves out of raisins due to exosmosis

## Q8 A Student dissolved 1g of sugar in 10ml of distilled water in beaker A and 10g of

sugar in 100ml of distilled water in beaker B. He put 6 raisins in each of the two
beakers. After 4hrs he found the raisins had
(a)
Swollen in A and shrunken in B.
(b)
Shrunken in A and swollen in B.
(c)
Swollen in both A ad B
(d)
Shrunken in both A ad B

## Q9 Percentage of water absorbed by raisins is

a) Directly proportional to weight of dry raisins.
b) Inversely proportional to weight of dry raisins.
c) Equal to the weight of dry raisins.
None of these

## Q10. A Student noted down the following observations

Weight of dry raising W 1g
Weight of swollen raisins W

i)

ii)

2g

## Then the % of water absorbed is calculated by the formula

(a)

W1-W 2
-------------- x 100
W1

(b)

W2-W 1
-------------- x 100
W1

(c)

W1
-------------- x 100
W 1-W 2

(d)

W1
-------------- x 100
W 2-W 1

Q11. The main precaution to be observed while calculating the percentage of water
absorbed by raisins is
(a)
(b)

## Raisins should be wiped before placing in water

The soaked raisins should be wiped before weighing them.

(c)
(d)

## The soaked raisins should be squeezed before weighing them.

Raisins should be immersed only in distilled water.

Q12. To calculate the percentage of water absorbed by raisins, 5g dry raisins were
placed in each of the two beakers containing 50ml of water. After 4 hrs they
were taken out and wiped with blotting paper. They should have been weighed
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

## Only before placing in water.

Only after placing in water.
Both before and after placing in water.
Before placing in water and at intervals of 1hr.
.SE