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HIGH SPEED STEEL ASP 23

ASP 23 is a chromium-molybdenum-tungsten-vanadium alloyed high speed steel which is


characterized by:
High wear resistance (abrasive profile)
High compressive strength
Very good through-hardening properties
Good toughness
Very good dimensional stability on heat treatment
Very good temper resistance
ASP 23 is especially suitable for blanking and forming of thinner work materials where a
mixed (abrasive-adhesive) or abrasive type of wear is encountered and where the risk for
plastic deformation of the working surfaces of the tool is high, e.g.:
Blanking of medium to high carbon steels
Blanking of harder materials such as hardened or cold-rolled strip steels
Plastics mold tooling subjected to abrasive wear condition
Plastics processing parts, e.g. feed screws, barrel liners, nozzles, screw tips, non-return
check ring valves, pellitizer blades, granulator knives.
Characteristics of ASP23 high speed mold steel

1) No segregation, tiny grain and carbide


2) Good Hot processing
3) Good grindability
4) Good Mechanical properties (toughness, hardness, high temperature hardness)

Chemical composition
Chemical Element Min Max
Carbon, C
-.-- 1.30
Manganese, Mn
-- -Silicon, Si
-- --

Chemical Element Min Max


Molybdenum, Mo -.-- 5.00
Chromium,Cr
-.-- 4.02
W
-.-- 6.40
Vanadium, V
-.-- 3.00
Co
-- -Property
Temperature
Density Kg/m3
Coefficient of elasticity
MPa
Heat conduction
coefficient W/m
Specific heat J/Kg
Temperature range
20-100
20-200
20-220
20-240

20
7980

400
7870

600
7805

230000

205000

184000

24

28

27

420
510
Coefficient of thermal
expansion
10.8*10-6
11.1*10-6
11.3*10-6
11.3*10-6

600
Temperature
range
20-300
20-400
100-200
200-300

Coefficient of thermal
expansion
11.7*10-6
12.0*10-6
11.4*10-6
12.7*10-6

Mechanical Properties
The mechanical properties of H11 tool steels are tabulated below.
Properties
Hardness, Rockwell C (tempered at 1150F, quenched at
2200F)
Hardness, Rockwell C (as hardened, quenched at 2200F)
Compressive yield strength (when tempered at 300F)
Izod impact unnotched (when tempered at 300F)
Abrasion (loss in mm3, as-hardened; ASTM G65)
Abrasion (loss in mm3, tempered at 1275F; ASTM G65)
Poisson's ratio
Elastic modulus
Forming
Formed by machining or forging and then machining.

Metric

Imperial

62

62

65
3250 MPa
67 J
25.8
77.7
0.27-0.30
190-210
GPa

65
471000 psi
49.4 ft-lb
25.8
77.7
0.27-0.30
27557-30458
ksi

Welding
Consult the alloy supplier for information on the advisability of welding.
Heat Treatment
Preheat at 1450 F before heating for hardening. Then heat rapidly from 1450 F to 2200 F and
hold for 3 to 5 minutes followed by quenching in oil, air or salt bath.
Forging
Forge at 2050 F down to 1700 F. Do Not forge below 1700 F.
Hot Working
See Forging and consult the supplier for information on working at lower temperatures.
Cold Working
Cold working may be accomplished with the alloy in the annealed condition
Annealing
Anneal at 1625 F and slow furnace cool at 40 F per hour, or less.
Tempering
Temper at 1050 F for a hardness of Rockwell C 60 to 65.