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5G :Revolution of Future Communication

Technology
Sanjay Kumar

Gagan Gupta

Kunwar Rajat Singh

Information Technology Department

Information Technology Department

Galgotias College of Engineering

Galgotias

College

of

Engineering

&Technology, Grater Noida, India

Galgotias College of Engineering &

&Technology

Technology, Greater Noida , India

Greater Noida , India

Gagan0301 1987@gmail.com

kunwarrajatsingh@gmail.com

Skhakhil@gmail.com

Fig.1 Evolution of different networks over the years

Abstract- This paper aims to specify the future generation of


wireless mobile communication networks. In this pa per also specify
the development of various wireless technologies range from 1 G to
4G and future prediction as 5G. 5G technology is a very important
advanta ge which will change the way we look at these different
wireless technologies & will also change the way bandwidth users
look at it as they can access their phones quite differently. 5G will
also enhance the e-payments and e-transactions. 5G desi gn is based
on the user centric mobile environment.

1.
revolution

technology departing to give tough conclusion to normal


desktop

and

book

whose

There are a

Mac

lot of

The

new

coming

5G

technology

is

INTRODUCTION

technology stands

for 5th

Generation

80 .------

means to use mobile phones within very elevated bandwidth.

6000

phone

technology

[4].

t----------------------.r-__--_

4000 +---------__r-___

__---1I-__--__

--

technology. Currently mobile users have much consciousness


mobile

laptops

accessible in the market in affordable rates; high hit the highest

User never knowledgeable ever before such a high worth


the

and

will be effected.

improvement from 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G to 5G in the world of


telecommunications.

Mobile technology. 5G portable technology has changed the

of

computer

marketplace worth

point future and much reliability than its former technologies.

Keywords-lG, 2G, 3G, 4G, 5G, WWWW

5G

A new uprising of 5G technology is about to start because 5G

Mobile
Fixed

The 5G

Telephone

technologies include all type of complex features which makes


5G mobile technology most powerful and in huge require in

2005

near future. The enormous array of innovative technology

26

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Fig. 2 Growth of Mobile Users (In Billion)

being build into new cell phones is dramatic. 5G technologies


which are on hand held phone contribution more power and
features than at least 1000 astronomical modules. A user can
also catch their 5G technology mobile phone with their Laptop
to get broadband internet access. 5G technology as well as

II. II. THE EVOLUTION OF "G FROM 0 TO 5TH

camera, MP3 video recording, video player, large mobile

GENERATION

phone memory, dialing speed, audio actor and much more you
never visualize
technology

and

[5]. For children rocking fun


Pico

nets

has

become

in

Bluetooth

A.

marketplace.

OG (Zero Generation Mobile System)

At the end of the year 1940's, the fust radio telephone service
was introduced, and was designed to users in cars to the public
telephone

based telephone network. In the 1960's, a system

launched by Bell laboratory Systems, called, Improved Mobile


Telephone Service (IMTS), brought quite a few improvements
such as direct dialing and more bandwidth. The very first
analog systems were based upon IMTS and were created in
the late 60s and early 70s [8].

B. 1 G

Technology

The primary generation of mobile phones was analog systems


that emerge in the near the beginning

1980s.Additional

generally known as mobile phones. 1G technology replaced


OG

technology. 1G

wireless

networks

used

analog

radio

signals. From side to side 1G, an pressure call gets modulate

978- 1-4673-79 10-6/ 15/$3 1.00 20 15 IEEE

143

to a higher frequency of about IS0MHz and up as it is

appeared just about every tenth year since 1G systems were

transmitting between radio towers. This is complete using a

introduced in 198 11 1982. Each generation is characterized by

technique

called

Access

new frequency bands, higher data rates and non-backward

(FDMA). But its be unsuccessful in a number of field such as

compatible program technology. The first 3G networks were

in circumstances of overall friendship quality, 1G compares

introduced in 1998 and fourth age group "4G" networks in

with

2008.

hostility

Frequency-Division

to

its

successor.

It

Multiple

has

short

capacity,

untrustworthy handoff, poor voice links, and no safety at all


because voice calls were played back in radio tower, making

E. 4G Technology

these calls vulnerable to unnecessary eavesdropping by third


4G, small for fourth age group, is the fourth age group

parties [2].

C.

of mobile telecommunications technology, succeeding 3G and

2G Technology

preceding SG. A true 4G system must provide capabilities

2G (or 2-G)

is

small

for

subsequent
Subsequent

generation wireless telephone technology.

generation 2G cellular telecom networks were commercially


launched on the GSM standard inFinland by Radiolinja (now
part of Elisa Oyj) in 199 1. Three most important benefits of
2G

networks

over

their

conversation were

predecessor

digitally

were

encrypted;

2G

that

phone

systems

were

significantly more efficient on the spectrum allowing for far


greater mobile phone penetration levels; and 2G introduced
data services for mobile, starting with SMStext messages. 2G
technologies enabled the an assortment of mobile phone
ntworks to provide the armed forces such as text messages,
picture messages and MMS (multi media messages). All text
messages sent over 2G are digitally encrypted, allow for the
transport of data in such a way that only the proposed earpiece
can take delivery of and read it.After 2G was launch, the
preceding mobile cellular phone systems were retroactively
dubbed IG. While means of communication signals on

IG

networks are analog, radio signals on 2G networks aredigital.


Both systems use digital signaling to connect the radio towers
(which listen to the handsets) to the rest of the handset system.2G
has

been

out

of

date

by

newer

technologies

such

defined

by ITU in IMT

applications

Advanced.

include

Potential

amended mobile

and

current

web access IP

telephony, gaming services, high-definition mobile TV, vi eo


conferencing, 3D television, and compute. Two 4G candidate
systems

are

commercially

deployed:

the Mobile

WiMAX standard (first used in South Korea in 2007), and the


first-release Long Term Evolution (LTE) normal (in Oslo,
Norway and Stockholm, Sweden since 2009). It has however
been debate if these first-release versions should be considered
to be 4G or not, as discussed in the technical definition section
below. In the United States, Sprint (previously Clear wire) has
deployed

Mobile

WiMAX

while MetroPCS become

the

networks

first

since

worker

to

offer

2008
LT

overhaul in 20 10. USB wireless modems were in the middle of


the first plans able to access this network, with WiMAX
smartphones

flattering

available

during

2010,

and

LTE

smartphones arriving in 20 1 1. 3G and 4G gear made for other


continents are not always well-matched because of different
frequency bands [ 10]. Mobile WiMAX is not available for the
European market as of April 20l2.This short-range radio
technology

is

ideal

for

wireless

personal

area

networks

(WPANs). UWB complements existing longer range means of

as 2.SG, 2.7SG, 3G, and 4G; however, 2G networks are still used

communication technology -such as Wi-Fi, WiMAX, and

in many parts of the world.

cellular wide area infrastructure - that transport in data and


infrastructure from the outside world. UWB provide the
needed

gainful,

power-efficient,

high

bandwidth

enlightenment for relay data from host devices to campaign in

D.

the instantaneous area (up to 10 meter or 30 feet). Bandwidth:

3G Technology

4000 megabits per succeeding, which is 400 times more

3G, short form of third age group, is the third generation of

rapidly than today's wireless network.

mobile telecommunications knowledge. This is base on a set


of

principles

used

for

portable

devices

and

mobile

telecommunications use services and network that meet the


terms with the worldwide Mobile Telecommunications-2000
(IMT-2000) stipulation

by

the International

Telecommunication Union.[2] 3G finds application in wireless


voice telephony, mobile
wireless Internet

Internet access, fixed

access, video

calls and mobile

TV.3G

telecommunication networks support services that provide an


information transfer rate of at least 200 kbitls. Later 3G
releases

often

mobile access

denoted 3.SG and 3.7SG,


of

also

provide

several Mbitls to smartphones and mobile

modems in laptop computers. This ensures it can be applied to


wireless

voice

telephony,

wireless

Internet

access,

mobile
video

Internet access,
calls

and

mobile

fixed
TV

technologies. A new generation of cellular standards has

144

2015 International

VI. SOFTWARE OF SG
1)SG determination be solitary unified ordinary of dissimilar
wireless network,

counting LAN technology,

WWWW-

Wide

World

Wireless Web,

LAN/WAN,

combined

IP

&

seamless mixture of broadband.


2)

Software

distinct radio

(SDR),

small

package

layer,

completion of Packets, Encryption, suppleness, Anti-Virus.


VII. BASIC ARCHITECTURE OF SG TECHNOLOGY

Basic practical structural design of SG technology


shows in figure 3.In figure 3, Fifth generation mobile
systems model is all-IP based model for wireless and
movable network interoperability. The All-IP set of

Conference on Green Computing and Internet of Things (ICGCloT)

connections

(AIPN)

is

capable

to

fulfill

growing

different RATs, we need to have four comparable

demands of the cellular infrastructure market. It is an

access detailed interface in the mobile not curable, and

ordinary display place for all radio right of entry

to have all of them energetic at the indistinguishable

technologies. The AIPN uses small package switch and

time, with aspire to have this structural design to be

its

optimized

practical. Application and servers wherever on the

presentation and cost. In fifth age group Network


structural design consist of a user terminal (which has a

Internet [l3]. Direction-finding of packet should be


approved out in accordance with established policies of

crucial role in the new architecture) and a numeral of


autonomous, independent Radio Access Technologies

the user. Application relations are realized sandwiched


between clients and servers in the Internet via sockets.

(RAT). In 5G set of connections structural design all IP


based mobile application and services such as mobile

Internet socket are endpoints for data Communique


flows. Each opening of the web is a amalgamated and

continuous

evolution

provides

phone portal, Mobile commerce, mobile phone health

only one of its kind mixture of local IP speak to and

care, Mobile administration, Mobile bank and others,

suitable local transportation infrastructure port, target

are offered via Cloud compute Resources (CCR).

IP speak to and target suitable communique port, and

Cloud compute is a model for convenient on-demand

type of transport protocol [14].

network access to configurable computing resources


(e.g.,

networks,

servers,

storage,

applications,

and

services). Cloud computing allows consumers to use

applications without fitting and access their individual

data at any processor with internet right of entry. CCR


links

the

Reconfigurable

Multi

Technology

Do'\.vnloadnc,", OVVA

Do..vnloadnc,v OTP

Core

e
U

(RMTC) with remote reconfiguration data from RRD

('.lobi1.. Ok'... )

VOlP

[C::::
:iil

[A

, J

E
x

attached to Reconfiguration Data Models (RDM). The


main challenge for a RMTC is to deal with increasing
different radio access technologies. The core is a

I'

convergence of the nanotechnology, cloud compute


and means of communique, and based on All IP

CcE) [

Platform. Core changes its communique functions


depending on status of the system and user stress.
RMTC is associated to dissimilar radio right of entry
technology
range
from
Interoperability procedure

to

select

@) ]

Fig. 4 5G Mobile Designs

2G
to
3G
and
4G.
criteria and mechanism

enable both terminal and RMTC


homogeneous access systems.

from
VIII. WORKING CONCEPTS OF 5G NETWORKS
As affirmed previous, 5G will be totally user centric i.e.
nothing is concealed from user. It determination have new
error avoidance scheme that can be install from side to side
internet anytime and have intonation method and software
defined radios[14].5G will be a partnership of networks and
individual

network

handle

user

mobility.

This

set

of

connections will be based on Open Wireless Architectures as


....

it has Physical Access Control Layer i.e. OSI Layer.

S."...r for R_
TWn.
cornn"OUP"WC8t.on

Fig.3 Functional Architecture of SG Wireless Technologies


Application

Application Layer

Below figure 4 show the system model that propose

Presentation Layer

design of Set of connections structural design for 5G


movable systems, which is all-IP based replica for

Session Layer

wireless and movable networks interoperability. The

Network Layer

organization consists of a user terminal (which has a


central role in the new architecture) and a numeral of
self-governing,

self-governing

means

of

communication right of entry technology. Inside each


of the terminal, each of the means of communication

(Services)
Open Transport

Transport Layer

Protocol
Upper Network Layer
Lower Network Layer

Data link layer

Open Wireless

Physical layer
Table 1 OSI Layers

Architecture
III

5G Termillal DeSign

access technology is seen as the IP link to the outer


surface Internet world. However,

in attendance be

supposed to be different radio interface for each Radio


Access Technology (RAT) in the mobile terminal. For

IX.

ADVANTAGES OF 5G TECHNOLOGY

a case in point, if we want to have access to four

2015

International Conference on Green Computing and Internet of Things (ICGCloT)

145

5G aims at providing myriad of services to the end


users at high speed.

a.

Mobility

and

i Artificial Intelligence: More applications related to AI will


Interoperability:

5G

targets

at

providing a unified global standard which will facilitate


global mobility and service portability. In other words,
end user can subscribe to different services from
different service providers using the same mobile
device

e. GPS: It will enhance the GPS in an effective manner.


be boosted in a BG manner.
g. Travelling: Introducing the launch of new mobile phone
apps; the use of Bluetooth & NFC technology integrated
smartphones in the passenger travel process.
i. Economic growth: Economic growth will take place in an
effective and efficient miner.

b. Terminal and Network heterogeneity: In 5G, all

XI.

terminals and networks will provide common services


independent of their capabilities. This is also called as
service personalization.

c.

High

Performance:

5G is

expected

to provide

network (LAN) and 500 Mbps in wide area network


(WAN), about 260 times greater than the 3G wireless
networks.

i) All the network operators and service providers would share


a common core network infrastructure, teamwork of a single
operator will lead to the collapse of the entire network
infrastructure, if not carefully guide against.
ii). Third-parties can masquerade as legitimate users resulting

d. Lower power consumption: Battery technology has


not been able to keep pace with the growing telecom
industry. 3G devices required one battery while 4G
required two batteries. Battery drain is a persistent
problem of wireless devices. 5G aims at breaking this
directly proportional rule.

The following threats are expected from the application


implementation of 5G network as a future system.

wireless download speeds of above 1Gbps in local area

in theft of service and billing frauds can easily arise.


iii). since 5G is a secure IP based solution it will be vulnerable
to all the security threats as the current Internet world.
iv). on the lines of email-spam, the Spam over Internet
telephony (SPIT), the new spam over VoIP may become

e. Network Convergence: Network convergence is the


efficient coexistence of multimedia, voice and data
communication within a single network. Currently the
telecommunication vicinity is divided into wireless and
fixed line communication.5G will lead to convergence

serious and become serious threats.


v). Spooling attacks can lead to misdirected communication
and internet banking related frauds.
vi). Listen in and interception of private infrastructure.

in terms of both devices and services.

vii). Phishing attacks, stealing bank account details and

iDataBandwith:5G provides data bandwidth of 1 Gbps


or

higher.

THREATS OF 5G IMPLEMENTA TION

It

is

great

service

in

other secured information, are more likely.

wireless

communication.

XII.

Mobiles contain become very indispensable part of our


everyday life. Their current expansion is the outcome of

various generations. In this paper we review introduction to

X. APPLICATIONS OF 5G TECHNOLOGY
The 5G technology applications are set to

5G

evolve in a

multiplatform environment. Following are its applications:

People anywhere in the world can continue their education


through online in a cost effective manner.
Crisis

management:

customary

technologies,

can

idea

of

5G,

and

benefit

of

5G

5G wireless technologies. The new coming 5Gtechnology is


future and much evenness than its previous technologies. Fifth
generation technologies offers tremendous data capabilities
and unobstructed call volumes and infinite data broadcast
together

disasters

Key

technology, applications, and wireless network architecture for


available in the market in reasonably priced rates, high peak

a. Education: 5G available a good opportunity in education.

b.

CONCLUSIONS

cause

within

latest

mobile

operating

system.

Fifth

generation should make an important difference and add more

breakdown in communication systems. In today's world it

services and reimbursement to the world over 4G. Fifth

might take days or weeks to retort the system. But in 5G it is

generation

expected to restore such crisis issues in a few hours.

interconnects the entire world without limits. This age group is

should

be

more

luminous

technology

that

c. Security: This layer also branches across all the layers of the

expected to be on the rampage around 2020. The world of

5G

universal,

network

verification,

building

which

authorization,

perform

encryption,

the

function

friendship

of
and

implementation of service policy agreement between the

continuous access to information,

delight and

message will open new measurement to our lives and modify


our life style significantly.

various vendors.
d. Tele-Medicine: A user need not go to the hospital instead a
user can get videoconference assistance for a doctor at
anytime and anywhere.

146

2015 International Conference on

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