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## PROGRAM DIDIK CEMERLANG AKADEMIK

SPM

FORM 5
MODULE 11
PERMUTATIONS
AND
COMBINATIONS

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CONTENTS
CONTENTS

PAGES

11.0

CONCEPT MAP

11.1

A. PERMUTATIONS

11.1a

11.2

11.2a

EXERCISE A.1

B. COMBINATIONS

EXERCISE B.1

## 11.3 PAST YEAR SPM QUESTION

11.4

ASSESMENT

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## 11.0 Concept Map

Multiplication Rules

## The order of the

objects in the chosen
set is taken into
consideration

## The order of the

objects in the chosen
set is ____ taken into
consideration

Permutations

Combinations

If event A occurs in r
ways and event B occurs
in s ways
The number of
way is r x s

## The number of combination

of r objects taken from n
different objects given
n

Cr

The number of
permutation of n different
objects is n! where
n! = n( n-1)( n-2)
The number of permutations
of objects taken from n
different object is given by

n!
n r !
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n

Pr

n!
n r ! r !

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11.1

A. PERMUTATIONS

## 11.1a Exercise A.1

1. Given the words PLACES. Find
a. The number of ways of arranging all the

## alphabets in the given word so that the

Example Solution:

6! = 6.5.4.3.2.1
= 720

alphabet is S

## are side by side.

Example Solution:
The way to arrange alphabet S = 1
The way to arrange another 3 alphabets= 5 P 3
The number of arrangement = 1 x 5 P 3 = 60

2. How many four- digit numbers can be formed without repetitions from the digits 1, 2,
3, 4, 5, and 7 if that number.
a) are even number

c) Consist of digit 5

## d) more than 4000

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11.2

B. COMBINATIONS

## 11.2a Exercise B.1

1. How many ways to choose 5 books

## men and 3 women be chosen from a group

Example solution:

## of 7 men and 6 women ?

Example Solution:

20

C5

## The numbers of ways = 7 C 3 x 6 C 3

= 15504

= 700

2. A set of 20 students is made up of 10 students from each of two different year groups.
Five students are to be selected from the set, and the order of selection is unimportant.
Find
a. the total number of possible selections.
b. the number of selection in which there are at least two student from each of the two
years- groups.

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11.3

## PAST YEAR SPM QUESTION

2003,Paper 1
1.Diagram below shows 5 letter and 3 digits.
A

A code is to be formed using those letters and digits. The code must consist of 3 letters
followed by 2 digits. How many codes can be formed if no letter or digit is repeated in
each code ?

[ 3 marks]

2. A badminton team consist of 7 students. The team will be chosen from a group of 8
boys and 5 girls. Find the number of team that can be formed such that each team consists
of
i.

4 boys

ii.

## Not more than 2 girl

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[ 4 marks]

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2004,Paper 1
3. Diagram below five cards of different letters.
H

i.

ii.

## Find the number of these arrangements in which the letters E and A

are side by side .

[ 4 marks]

2005,Paper 1
4. A debating team consists of 5 students. These 5 students are chosen from 4 monitors,
2 assistant monitors and 6 prefects. Calculate the number of different ways the team can
be formed if
i.

There is no restriction

ii.

## The team contains only monitor and exactly 3 prefects

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[4 marks]

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11.4 ASSESMENT
1. Find the number of the arrangement of all nine letters of word SELECTION in which
i.

ii.

## The two letters E are not next to each other

Solution:

2. Four girls and three boys are to be seated in a row. Calculate the number of possible
arrangements
i.

ii.

## a boy has to be seated at the centre

Solution:

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3. Calculate the number of four digit even number can be formed from the digits 3, 4, 5,
6 and 9 without repetitions.
Solution:

4. Three alphabets are chosen from the word WALID. Find the number of possible
choice if
i.

ii.

## The alphabet A and D is chosen

Solution:

5. A bowling team consists of 8 person. The team will be chosen from a group of 7 boys
and 6 girls. Find the number of team that can be formed such that each team consists of
i.

3 boys

ii.

## Not more than 1 girl

Solution:

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Exercise A.1
1. c) 240

d) 240

2. a) 120

b) 240

c) 240

d) 180

Exercise B.1
2. a) 15504

b) 10800

Problem solving
1. i) 40320

ii) 141120

2. i) 720

ii) 2160

3. 72
4. i) 6

ii) 3

5 i) 210

ii) 6

## Past year question

1. 360
2. i) 700

ii) 708

3. i) 120

ii) 48

4. i) 792

ii) 160

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