Anda di halaman 1dari 3

1

IsSpaceExplorationWorthTheCost?

Spaceexplorationhasprolongedthehumandesire,todiscovercelestialstructuresinand
beyondoursolarsystem,eversincetheideahadfirstawaken.Ithasfueledourscientificand
technicalunderstandingoftheunknownandhaspushedhumanstounimaginablelimits.In2015,
NASAsDawnmissionwillapproachthelargestbodyintheasteroidbelt,C
eres.Thisstony
objectisabout1,000kmacrossandisthoughttobealmostcompletelyunchangedsinceits
formationsome4.6billionyearsago(TheConversation,2015).Studyingcelestialstructures
haveallowedustorelymajorlyonscienceandwillcontinueaswehavemuchmoregroundsto
unravel.Spaceexplorationisworththecostasitallowsustoimproveourtechnologyatarapid
rate,benefitsoureconomyandintroduceshumanlifeonforeignplanets.

Innovationscreatedbyspaceprograms,haveledustosolvingglobalissues,provingour
technologyisimprovingatarapidrate.Technologiesthathadbeeninitiallyusedforspace
exploration,arenowtransferredintosolvingproblemswehavehereonearth.Theareasinwhich
NASAdevelopedtechnologiesbenefitsocietycanbroadlybedefinedas:healthandmedicine,
transportation,publicsafety,consumergoods,environmentalandagriculturalresources,
computertechnologyandindustrialproductivity(NASA,2008).TheVentricularAssistDevice,
helpspatientswaitingforhearttransplants,toreceiveatemporarypumpingdeviceinplace,
savingmillionsoflivesonadailybasis.ChemicalDetection,adevicewithpHsensitivesensors
towarnofpotentiallydangerouscorrosiveconditionsinaircrafts,arenowasuccessfulsolution
usedinmanyplacestoreducethecrimerates.Harnessingsolarenergywithsolarpowercells,

helpsreducetraditionalenergyexpendituresandtoreducetheamountofpollution.Technology
thathadbeeninnovatedforspaceexplorationpurposes,nowrapidlyprovidessolutionsformany
ongoingglobalissues.

Manyspaceresearchcentreswithcareeropportunities,dependonthestudyofspaceand
withoutthemoureconomywouldsuffer.In2012,NASAadministratorCharlesBolden
published...Itsalsoimportanttorememberthatthe$2.5billioninvestmentmadeinthisproject
wasnotspentonMars,butrighthereonEarth,supportingmorethan7,000jobsinatleast31
states,hewrote(Howell,2015).Thisoccurredwhenrover,aroboticspacemissionwith
ineffectiveresultsbroughtmanyexpenses.Interestingly,2014becameafantasticyearfor
planetarysciencesthehighpointswerethes uccessfullandingofPhilaeoncomet67P,the
discoveryofmethanebytheCuriosityroveronMarsandadoublinginthenumberofknown
exoplanets(TheConversation,2015).Thisprovesthathumanscanimproveanddevelop,togo
beyondtechnicalchallengestoattainstheirgoalgradually.Iflesswasspentonspace
explorationsputtingmanyoutofjobs,manyeconomicalissueswouldbecreated.

Spacetravelintroduceshumanlifeonforeignplanets,asweseekoutfurtherintospace
anddiscoverplanetsthatmaypotentiallyhavelifeandothercharacteristicssimilartoourhome,
onEarth.AccordingtoABCNews,TracesofliquidwaterhavebeenfoundonMars,
NASA...Dark,100meterlongstreaksflowingdownhillonMarsarebelievedtohavebeen
formedbycontemporaryflowingwater,accordingtoNASA.ThefindingscamefromNASA's
MarsReconnaissanceOrbiterandraisethepossibilitytherecouldbelifeorevenmicrobes

livinginsidetheRedPlanet(Newcomb,2015).DuetoouroverpopulatingEarth,manyother
planetssuchasMarsnowbeingobservedandmayonedaybeappropriateforsurvival.However,
asspaceexplorationtechnologyadvances,NASAsayswe'reonourwaytodiscoveringEarth
2.0.TheKeplerSpaceTelescopehadlocatedaplanetandstarcloselyresemblingEarthandthe
sun.Thenewlydiscoveredplanet,whichNASAhasnamedKepler452b,thestar,Kepler452,
alsohasthesametemperatureasoursun.Thesystemislocated1,400lightyearsfromEarthin
theconstellationCygnus...theplanetexistsinthehabitablezonewhereliquidwatercanexist
onaplanet(TheGuardian,2015).Byinvestigatingbeyondoursolarsystemwehaveindirectly
awakennewideas,tosolveoverpopulation.

Furthermore,spaceexplorationisworththecostasithelpsupgradeourtechnologyata
rapidrate,oureconomywouldsufferwithoutitanditintroducesmoreplacesforhuman
survival.Althoughspaceexplorationmayseemcostly,itisonlyaminorpartoftheUSsbudget
comparedtothespendingonmilitary.InadditiontheUSspends58.42%onthemilitaryand
only3.96%onscienceandspaceonaverage(NASA,2015).Thinkofhowmuchwevedone
withthatsmallshareandhowmuchwecoulddoifwecontinuetoinvestinspaceexplorations.
Inconclusion,spaceexplorationisvital,forsolvingmanyglobalissueswehavehereonearth
andproblemstocomeinthenearfuture.