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RENOVATION OF BESANT NAGAR

BEACH
Term-Paper 2 Report

Group X
Manjari .T |CE15D026
B. Akash |CE12B009
Dipten Mondal | CE12B068

Project Description
Besant Nagar beach is located in Chennai, India. It forms the end-point of the Marina Beach
shore. The beach is very popular with the local people and also is visited by people from far
off places. The current infrastructure facilities are not suitable enough to handle the
increasing traffic of visitors who form a constant and increasing source of income to the local
people. Also the beach is an important landmark in the city and helps promote tourism.
The project aims to develop the public infrastructure facilities around the Besant Nagar
Beach. This include includes creating new facilities like underground walkways and seating
facilities while also renovating existing structures like lighting and landscaping.
The project is sensitive in sense that the development of these facilities will affect the people
and the flora and fauna species. Though the detrimental impacts are nominal, it is required to
analyse the overall benefit/disbenefit of the renovation and plan mitigation measures
accordingly.
Site Details
The site is located at the eastern border of Chennai with The Bay of Bengal surrounding it
towards the right.

Besant Nagar
Beach

Fig. 1 Besant Nagar Location Source: Google Maps


The site coordinates are 12.999529N 80.272411E.
The area has many urban and sub-urban residential buildings in close proximity. Terrestrial
flora and fauna species are scarce in close proximity to the area. Planted trees for landscaping
purposes can be found in the area. The beach though is famous for being hatching grounds of
the endangered Olive Ridley sea turtles who frequent the beach between January and April
every year.
Screening
Screening is the process of deciding on whether an EIA is required or the level at which an
EIA assessment is required. Based on the site-specific information, the project site is located
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within 10 Kms from the coastline. Hence we considered to categorize the project under A
Category project. Depending on the level of environmental impact the project can be
categorized under B, that does not require any EIA. Since the government has asked to
prepare a compulsory report the project is assumed as B1. Usually B1 projects are those
covering an area 50 ha and or built up area 1,50,000sq .mtrs. For the screening process to
be completed the initial environmental examination is proceeded. Hence project will require
comprehensive Environmental Impact Analysis.
Initial Environmental Examination or Evaluation(IEE)
1. The project is limited only to the region of the project site. Only during the operation
phase there will be negative impact on the ecosystem.
2. Impact on the local community
a. Increase in the business.
b. Improvement in the social status and standard of living of the locals.
c. There will increase in the employment rate with increase in the tourist
population.
d. Economic values are higher with the execution of the project.
3. Impact on the flora and fauna
a. The flora and fauna in the project location is negligible.
b. Environmental sensitivity of this zone is very less.
c. Hence comprehensive EIA for the impact on flora and fauna is recommended.
4. Cumulative Impact
a. There are no major industries in the radius of 10Kms from the project site.
b. Harbor and port activities are the major industrial activities in the surrounding
areas.
c. Harbor and port activities along with this project will have impact levels well
within the standards.
d. The will be an increase in air pollution due to more mobile population with the
development of the beach. The probability of the impact is seasonal. Eg:
Seasonal, vacation or weekends will have higher pollution than regular days.
The impact levels will be within standards.
5. Waste generation
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Being a major tourist destination of Chennai, the beach will have many effects due to
its development. The developmental activities will improvise the number of visitor to
the beach. More people will start using the facility. People who use beach walk ways
for morning walking and jogging will increase. Sports and exercise classes in the
beach will start commencing at a larger extent. There will be more tourist visiting the
beach. This will an increase in solid waste generation.
6. Level of resource exploitation
The project itself is to cover the entire stretch of the beach. Hence land resource
utilization is high. Though the utilization is higher, the developmental benefit from the
project is quit high.
7. Resettlement of the fisherman community
The land is being utilized by the local fisherman community for all their livelihood
activities. These have to be controlled and they have to be forced to migrate to their
allotted location.
8. Alternative
Many alternatives were considered for the location, methods and materials of the
pedestrian subway.
a. Beach starting: A church is also located there, so it is the subway will not be of
use if positioned over there. Moreover it also serves as a diversion path for a
Hindu Temple.
b. Beach dead end: Difficult for the passengers to travel all the way around to
reach the dead end
c. Middle of the beach: There is residential area along the length of the beach.
Hence if traffic flow increases, it will turn out to be a noise pollution for the
residents close to the beach.
Hence the area close to the dead end is chosen as the beast alternative.
Two methods were suggested for subway construction
Underground:
a. Safe from coastal environment, except for submergence under
Tsunami/Floods.
b. Traffic flow can be regulated and proper control over traffic management.
c. Parking lots can be organized and beach zone can be made congestion free.
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Overbridge:
a. Difficult to climb for pedestrians. So no one will be using it.
b. Direct exposure to sea environment/ chloride bearing air. Difficulty in
maintenance.
c. Varying wind flow due to land and sea breeze.
d. Excess land usage for the construction.
Underground subway was finally closed, considering the varying benefits
Alternatives were also considered for using different types of materials. Use ecofriendly material in the coastal region may not be sustainable and will incur more
maintenance cost. More over the construction of underground subway. Hence the idea
of alternative construction materials were dropped.

Baseline Study
A baseline study is first performed to evaluate the project performance. Since there is not
much scope in site alternatives, it is therefore essential to compare the project with the current
level of development.
1. Land requirement
The land required for this project is neither an agricultural nor a forest. It is barren land
available in the coastal zone.
2. Land use in 10km radius
a. Beach
b. Residential zone
c. Harbour
3. Topography
The following map shows the 10 km topography of the project site at a scale of 2km

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Fig. 2 10km radius study area

Source: Google Maps

4. Nearest places
a. Park

: Anna colony Corporation Park

b. Beach

: Marina Beach

c. Monuments

: All statutes, Memorials in marina beach

d. Heritage structure
: Raja annamalipuram Palace, Ashtalakshmi
Temple, Besant Nagar church,
e. Bus station

: Besant Nagar/ Thiruvanmayur bus Depots

f. Railway station

: Indira Nagar/ Kasturbhai MRTS stations

g. Educational institutions: IITM, Anna univ, CLRI, Womens Polytechnic,


IFT and other colleges and schools
h. Major office zones

:Tidel park &ascendaz

i. River

: Adayar River

5. Climate and Air quality

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Fig. 3 Real-time Air Quality Index (AQI) Source: http://aqicn.org

6. Water balance

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Source: Water Quality Index for Assessment of water Quality in South Chennai Coastal
Aquifer, Tamil Nadu India. International Journal of ChemTechResearch, ISSN: 0997-4290,
Vol4, No.4, pp 1582-1588, Oct-Dec 2012
Fig. 3 Parameters of Ground water
7. Coastal region
Fisheries and other naval activities within 10Km radius will not get affected by this project as
this is an on shore project, causing no harm to aquatic or off- shore elements.
8. Solid waste generation
Beach being a centre of entertainment and tourist attraction, the most common waste
generated in beaches are the plastic and polythene related waste. Eg: Snacks covers, cool
drink bottles etc.
9. Noise/Vibration

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During construction of subways, there will be some noise due to construction activities.
During operation phase, noise will be due to the mobile population visiting the beach.
10. Power requirement
Since construction activity is carried out at the beach, it is difficult to avail power. So power
supply can be obtained from near by transformer located at the dead end of the beach. During
operation phase, for the lighting of the lamp post there will be a definite requirement of
electric supply.
11. Peak Labour force to be employed
During construction there will be peak demand. In operation phase, labours will be required
for watering of the plants and trees in the land scape areas and for other maintenance
activites.
Scoping
Scoping is the process of interaction between the proponents, government agencies,
stakeholders and any other interested public. It is the foundation step of the EIA process and
identifies the boundary of the process and tries to bring forth the likely issues and any other
stakeholder concerns. All these raised issues are compiled in the draft TOR report, which then
needs to be answered and resolved to form the EIA report.
Here we carry out the scoping process in three ways:

Leopold Method

Lohani&Tanh Method

RIAM

Leopold & Lohani and Tanh Method


Activity based
1. The construction phase of the project has major impact due to the construction of the
subway. All the other construction activities had around 65% positive impact
compared to the baseline status.
2. In construction phase the maximum magnitude obtained is 97 but the significance
value is 24 for it. This is a positive impact hence no mitigation plans are required.
3. The subway construction draws a negative impact of 10. This is a higher number to be
negotiated, hence many alternatives were considered to reduce the impact.
4. Operation phase has both the peak positive and negative impacts of the project.
Landscaping has improved the environmental conditions up to 85% as that of the
baseline standards.
5. Dismantling of the project has a major impact in the environment. There will be
pollution due to the dismantling activity. New dumping yard is required to dispose the
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dismantled waste. Even as a part of repair and maintenance a portion of the project
area is dismantled, there will be this impact occurring in the project site.
Impact based
1. Land use impact have raised from nill to around 70%. The project itself is to stretch
across the beach length. So mitigation in this case is also difficult.
2. Though land use was give average priority, there was a terrible increase in the impact
value. This is because the land which is being utilized can never be reused in the
course of the existence of the project. it can be reused only after the project is being
dismantled.
3. The area development has a higher positive impact. the additional amendments
provided will attract more mass to the beach. it can also reduce the crowding of the
people in the Marina beach and other nearby entertainment zones. Hence the
resources will be liquidized to all the people.
4. Seating arrangement, walkways and lighting will the beach zone more organized and
hence there will more improvement in the social activities happening in the beach
zone.
5. The fishermen community residing near the shore will have temporary tents and
utilizes the beach zone till date. With the advent of the project his freedom of usage
will get affected. There will be shrinkage in the landscape being utilized by him. More
social functions and other gathering due to increased facility will further reduce his
scope area. Hence the fishermen community will have a major impact.
RIAM Method
RIAM study is adopted as one of the evaluation method for this project. RIAM is based on
the knowledge that certain specific criteria are common to all impact assessments, and by
scaling these criteria it becomes possible to record the values of the assessments made. RIAM
works with both negative and positive impacts.
Not all criteria can be given the same weight, and so the criteria are divided into two groups:
those which individually are important in their impact; and those that collectively important.
By a simple formula the values ascribed to these criteria can be combined to produce a score
for the component being assessed.
Scores by themselves cannot be used to separate, or scale impacts, as they are still
attributable to subjective assessments. Thus ranges have been defined, with set conditions for
the maximum and minimum scores in each range, and the final result is represented by the
range value so derived.
In this a very comprehensive set of values can be built up across all components assessed in a
holistic manner. The system allows for direct evaluation and comparison of components from
different sectors, and provides a transparent record for future use.
The alternatives are considered based upon the location of the subway since it is the major
part of the construction. Other renovation activities like seating facilities, lighting and
landscaping need to be carried out over the whole beach stretch and thus does not provide any
other alternative.
The alternatives considered are:

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No project

Subway at beach dead end

Subway at beach starting

Subway at middle of the beach stretch

RIAM analysis is used to compare the alternatives.

Economical/Operationa
l

Biological/Economic
al

Social/Cultural

Physical/Chemica
l

The various components considered for the analysis are listed as below:
Water pollution
Land pollution
Air pollution
Erosion of sand
Microclimate of beach zone
Waste generation
Landscape
Landuse
Traffic volume
Cultural heritage
Accidents
Social functions
Fishermen community

Flora
Fauna
Human health
Endangered speicies
New species introduction
Employment
Tourism revenue
Shopkeeper's income
Area development

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Results:

NO Project

Subway at beach starting

Subway at beach dead end

Subway at middle of the beach stretch

There is both positive and negative effects if associated with the project

While there is economic gain, there is chance of deterioration of environmental


aspects

Physical-chemical aspects more or less remain same as baseline condition

Majority of changes are seen in economical-operational and socio-cultural aspects

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Biological-economical aspect is crucial but in general is not going to be significantly


affected. Though cumulative impacts of current development can have detrimental
impacts in the long run.

There is high gains in economical aspect if the project is successfull

Draft TOR Report


A draft TOR Report is attached at the end of the document. It in detail tries to answer all the
significant questions which all need to be thought of before renovating the area. The TOR
report aims to cover most of the likely impacts associated with the project and seek answers
about the issues raised and plan for implementing mitigation measures.
Mitigation Measures
The two major problems to be faced at the operation phase of the project are
1. Solid waste generation
With the high amount of population turnout in to the beach, the amount of solid waste
generation will increase to the maximum. In order to reduce its impact in the future, the
whole zone is to be declared, Plastic free. Any snacks sold in the beach should be supplied
only in paper bags. All cool drinks should be sold/ brought in beach zone either in tin, glass
bottles, mud and metal vessel. Like security checks in all place of common importance,
plastic check counters will be installed at the entrance of the beach. Other than fishermen,
who use polythene or polymeric materials for his occupation, no one will be allowed to use
plastic in the beach zone. Heavy fine should be imposed on public or shopkeepers who uses
polythene bags. If the ban is brought in the initial stages, then public will start used to the
custom rather than obeying it.
2. False attraction of turtles
Lighting is one of the important aspect of the project. Sudden instalment of powered lights
will create new attraction for the sea turtles. The turtles of Bay of Bengal uses the costal line
of Tamil Nadu as one of the major breeding grounds. There is hatchery in Besant Nagar.
Turtle eggs are collected from the beach by NGO and other social organizations and are
deposited in the hatchery without causing any damage to the embryo. After the hatchings are
out of the egg, they are again transferred back to the sea safely. Turtle being endangered
species much of importance and support is being provided to ensure their survival.
Additional lights in the beach zone may cause the turtle to be attracted towards the land side
from the shore, which will cause a drop in the reproduction percentage. Hence it will be
recommended to switch off the lights after 10pm during the season when the turtle come for
the shore for laying eggs. Only necessary lights will be switched on in the night hours for
security reasons.
Conclusion
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We see that for the project the options are limited in terms of significant change in project
structure. The site is fixed and thus there is no luxury of selecting an alternative site.
Whatever changes that can be carried out are in terms of construction practices, and during
the operation phase.
Leopold method is carried out and it can be concluded that it is much better option to go
ahead with the project given its very low impact on the environment. There are economic
gains associated while some aspects are going to deteriorate. These impacts can be effectively
mitigated and are mostly reversible in nature.

Term of Reference (TOR)


For
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF

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RENOVATION OF BESANT NAGAR BEACH

Abstract
Terms of Reference (TOR) for preparation of Environmental Impact assessment (EIA)
and Environmental Management Plan for renovation and development activities ( 50 ha)
is required as per the EIA Notification 2006. The ToR has been devised to improve the
quality of the reports and facilitate the decision making transparent and easy, along with
helping the project proponents and consultants to prepare report with relevant project
specific data, which are informative, compact and easy to comprehend. TOR for
renovation project is expected to cover all environmental related features. This report will
help in framing a complete EIA for the Besant Nagar renovation project.
General Information
Area development projects as per the EIA notification of 2006 are under category B
covering an area 50 ha. These projects/activities and requires prior environmental
clearance from the State/Union territory Environment Impact Assessment Authority
(SEIAA). Area development and renovation projects has the potential to affect all sectors
of the society along with the local flora and fauna species. The potential impacts of the
projects need to be considered and suitable mitigation measures planned before
commencing any construction activity, or preparation of land, at the site by the applicant.
1.0 Introduction

Profile of the project proponent, name and contact address, implementing


organization, organizational chart, project consultants etc., should be mentioned
clearly.

Land description- plot/ survey numbers, village, tehsil, district, state and area of
the land must be mentioned clearly.

Description of Centre/State/Local regulations and standards applicable for


townships and area development projects should be discussed.

Any litigation(s) pending against the proposed project and / or any directions or
orders passed by any court of law/any statutory authority against the project is to
be detailed out.

2.0 Project Description


Goal and objectives of the proposed project, significance of the project both at local
and regional level, relevance of the project in light of the existing development plans
of the region are to be mentioned clearly. Background information and overall
scenario of the proposed activity in the Indian context, procedures adopted for
selection, criteria for selection of the site for the proposed activity, such as
environmental, socio-economic, minimization of impacts, ecological sensitivity,
impact of existing activities on the proposed activity etc. should be spelt out. Resource
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and manpower requirements have to be detailed. Time frame for project initiation,
implementation and completion should be detailed.
Following details should be given:

Total site area


Total built up area (provide area details) and total activity area
Connectivity to the city center, utilities and transportation networks (including
road/rail connectivity)

Type of building material to be used


Environmental liability of the site
Existing structure / type of material - demolition debris etc.

Essential Top sheets / Maps to be provided with TOR application:

A map of the study area 5 km from the boundary of the project area, delineating
the major topographical features such as national highway, state highway, district
road/approach road, river, canal, natural drainage; protected areas, under Wild Life
(Protection) Act, archaeological site, natural lake, flood area, human settlements
(with population), industries, high tension electric line, prominent wind direction
(summer and winter), effluent drain, if any and ponds etc. should be presented.

A map covering aerial distance of 15 km from the boundary of the proposed


project area delineating environmental sensitive areas as specified in Form I of
EIA notification dated 14th September 2006. In the same map the details of
environmental sensitive areas present within a radial distance of 1 Km from the
project boundary shall be specifically shown.

Remote Sensing Satellite Imagery:


Land use map of the study area in 1: 10,000 scale based on Google imagery delineating
the forest, agricultural land, water bodies, settlements, and other cultural features.
Digital Elevation Model / Contour Map:
Contour map on 1:10000 scale for the study area showing the various proposed break-up
of the land.

Description of the project site & surroundings, geology, topography, climate,


transport and connectivity, demographic aspects, socio, cultural and economic
aspects, villages, settlements should be given.

Details of environmentally sensitive places, land acquisition, rehabilitation of


communities/ villages, present status of such activities should be mentioned.

Historical data on climate conditions such as wind pattern, history of cyclones,


storm surges, earthquake etc., for the last 25 years are to be given.

Detailed layout plan of proposed project development, communication facilities,


access/approach roads, landscape, sewage disposal facilities, and waste disposal
etc. will be given. Layout plan of proposed development of built up areas with

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covered construction such as DG set rooms, administrative buildings, utilities such


as main and stand by power, water supply installations etc. to be given.

Requirement of natural resources and their sources will be detailed out.

Site Selection and Planning:


The environmental impacts of construction and operation are established during the early
phases of site selection and planning. Planning, site selection and design form an
important stage in the development of these projects and will determine their
environmental impact(s).
Some Important factors for development, which should be addressed, are:

Status of ownership of land


The boundaries of the project area
A map that identifies the locations of all proposed development activities; and
A map and photo mosaic showing the area proposed to be disturbed in relation to
existing topographic features, township grids, wetlands and water bodies.

Proximity to local communities;


Proximity to sensitive surface or ground water bodies
Compatibility with local building regulations
Exiting drainage pattern
Any forest-cover within the proposed developmental area.

3.0 Analysis of alternatives (Technology & Sites)


If the scoping results in need for alternatives a clear description of the each alternative,
summary of the impact adverse and positive with each site and selection of alternatives
is to be detailed out. Demand alternative, Activity alternative, Location alternative,
Process alternative, Scheduling alternative and Input alternative are the few alternatives to
be considered.
4.0 Description of the Environment
Environmental data to be considered in relation to the project would be: (a) land, (b)
water, (c) air, (d) biological environment, (e) noise and (f) socio-economic environment.
Study Area:
Map of the study area clearly delineating the location of various monitoring stations (air/
water / soil and noise) superimposed with location of habitats are to be shown.
Monitoring should be done as per CPCB guidelines. Primary data should be collected for
one season except rainy season. Monitoring of the parameters should be carried out within
the study area.

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4.1 Land Environment


4.1a The first feature which should influence the development of a new project is the existing
land use pattern of the neighbourhood of the project, whether the proposed development
conforms to the development for that area or not.
4.1b Study of existing land use pattern, habitation, cropping pattern, forest cover,
environmental sensitive places etc., by employing remote sensing techniques and groundtruthing is to be carried out.
4.1c Physiography and Drainage Patterns:
Ecological features of forest area; agricultural land, grazing land, wildlife sanctuary land
and national parks, migratory routes of fauna, water bodies, and drainage pattern
including the orders of the drain and water sheds are to be shown clearly.
Description of terrain hill slopes terrain features, slope and elevation.
4.1d Soil:
Soil data including type, classification, characteristics, and properties need to be detailed.
Porosity and permeability, sub-soil characteristics, and soil fertility need to be provided.
4.2 Water Environment
Identify project activities, including construction phase, which may affect surface water or
groundwater. Estimate water intake requirements and identify the source of water to be used.
Describe how water will be taken from the surface water/river and conveyed to the site.
Ground water budgeting has to be provided. Rainwater harvesting has to be detailed out.
Baseline water quality from all sources such as ground water, municipal water, surface water
need to be determined and compared to the water quality norms prescribed for drinking water
and State PWD specifications for construction water. Quantity of wastewater is to be
provided.
4.3 Air Environment
Climatological data is to be obtained from nearest India Meteorological Department
(IMD) station for one full year. Micro meteorological data consisting of wind speed, wind
direction, temperature, cloud cover, (amount and height), humidity, inversions, rainfall
(peak and average daily rainfall) and wind rose patterns, will be collected and analysed
from secondary sources in the study area.
Baseline data of air pollutant parameters extending an area of 500 meters from the project
will be monitored at a number of locations. Description of base line data of ambient air
parameters namely PM10, PM2.5, oxides of nitrogen (NOx), sulphur dioxide (SO2), and
carbon monoxide (CO) will be collected. One season data other than monsoon is to be
monitored as per the CPCB Norms. Sampling locations are to be located as per CPCB
norms.

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4.4 Noise Environment


Construction equipment and road traffic are the major sources of noise. Baseline data of
noise at the project area and the neighbourhood habitat areas is to be ascertained. Daytime
and night-time data should be collected.
4.5 Biological Environment
Baseline data on the flora and fauna for the study area is to be detailed out. An inventory
map is to be prepared along with a description of the existing terrestrial, wetland and
aquatic vegetation. If there are any rare and endangered species in the study area they are
to be clearly mentioned.
4.6 Socio - Economic Environment
Baseline data on demographics, settlements, infrastructure facilities in the existing and
relocated area, economic conditions in the existing and relocated area, cultural and
archaeological assets within the project area should be catalogued and plotted on a base
map.
4.7 Solid Waste
Details of the solid wastes generation during the construction and operation phase needs
to be provided. Details of the following are to be given:

Construction or demolition waste, i.e., massive and inert waste


Municipal waste, i.e., biodegradable and recyclable waste
E-waste

Details of authorized municipal solid waste facilities, biomedical treatment facilities and
hazardous waste disposal facilities in the area should be included.
5.0Anticipated Environmental Impacts & Mitigation Measures
This section should describe the likely impact of the project on each of the environmental
parameters, methods adopted for assessing the impact such as model studies, empirical
methods, reference to existing similar situations, details of mitigation, methods proposed to
reduce adverse effects of the project, best environmental practices, conservation of natural
resources; environmental management plan; post project environmental monitoring
programme including budgeting for the expenditure proposed in the project cost.
Positive/Negative
List and details of the likely positive and negative impacts and suitable mitigation
measures on land, air, water, noise, biological socio-economical and solid waste
environment.
Cumulative impacts
Cumulated impacts due to the increase in the landscape scenario in all possible aspects of
the environment and possible mitigation measures.
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Trans boundary impacts


Details and mitigation of any trans-frontier likely impact.
Impact Significance
Determining the significance of the development in all aspects of the environment, and
weighing each of the components impact and propose mitigation measures.
6.0 Specific Studies
This section should include the steps taken to integrate the needs of other stakeholders into
the location and design of access infrastructure to reduce and manage overall environmental
impacts from resource development
6.1Transport
Estimate any environmental implications from transportation (rail, road) related
emissions associated with the construction and operational phases and suggest
suitable options
Provide a site plan showing the details of connectivity existing and proposed road
and rail transport
Discuss the impacts of increased vehicle traffic and requirements for access
improvements on roads in the site development area as a result of the project,
considering other existing and planned developments and operations in the region
including what measures will be taken to reduce traffic and enhance vehicle safety
on external roads
6.2 Building Material and Technologies

Detail the types of materials use in each component part of the project

Detail out the plans and sections of buildings showing use of new technologies
and non-conventional methods and new construction techniques.

6.3 Energy Conservation

Environmental implications of the supplying the extra power required to the


project, including steps to reduce by increasing efficiency
Use of alternate energy sources

7.0 Environmental Monitoring Program:


This chapter should include:

Summary matrix of environmental monitoring, during construction and operation


stage of project

Technical aspects of monitoring for achieving effectiveness in mitigation


measures.
Requirement of monitoring facilities

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Frequency, location, parameters of monitoring


Compilation and analysis of data and reporting system

8.0 Additional Studies


8.1 Risk Assessment (ERA) and Disaster Management Plan (DMP):
Discuss emergency plans for any environmental risks and such as earthquakes, tsunamis,
or cyclones:

Types of emergency; internal and external origin


Emergency procedures

8.2 Natural Resource Conservation


Steps to conserve the local natural resources of the area during construction and operation
phases needs to be discussed.
9.0 Project Benefits
This section details out the improvements in physical infrastructure, social infrastructure if
any. Also it details out any employment potential and other benefits that are accrued if the
project is taken up.
10.0 Environmental Management Plan (EMP)
Detailed EMP may be formulated to mitigate the residual impacts which should inter alias
include the impact due to change in land use; due to loss of agricultural land and grazing land
besides other impacts of the projects. Budgeting of the EMP may be included in EIA.
The EMP should also include:

Summary matrix of EMP and costing of EMP, during construction and operation stage
Mechanism of self-monitoring for compliance with environmental regulations
Institutional arrangements proposed with other organizations/Government authorities for
effective implementation of environmental measures proposed in the EIA

Safe guards/mechanism to continue the assumptions/field conditions made in the EIA for
arriving the site suitability
11.0 Summary & Conclusion (Summary EIA)
This document should summarize the significant findings of the EIA report. The summary
should describe each significant environmental issue and its resolution in sufficient details so
that its importance and scope, as well as the appropriateness of the approach taken to resolve
it are well understood. Wherever possible, the summary should make use of base maps, tables
and figures given in the report. It must be able to stand alone as a document. The following
should be addressed in the summary if applicable:

Introduction
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Project description & Project benefits


Environmental Examination
Additional Studies
Environmental Management Plan and Post Project Monitoring Program
Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA) and Disaster Management Plan (DMP)

12.0 Disclosure of consultants engaged


The team of consultants engaged in this project is to be given with their brief resume and
nature of consultancy rendered.
Enclosures
Feasibility report/ duly filled in questionnaire / Relevant figures and tables if referred as
annexure in the text/ Photos, or plates of proposed project site, impact areas.

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