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DESIGN AND FUNCTION

WRTSIL W50DF
STANDARD ENGINE

Wrtsil 27 September 2007 W50DFA1V00BTM01A Rev. 01

INTRODUCTION

Compact design of Wrtsil 50DF

Wrtsil 27 September 2007 W50DFA1V00BTM01A Rev. 01

INTRODUCTION

Ancillary equipment and connections

Turbocharger
Gas manifold
Gas filter

HT water air vent from air


cooler

Power module

HT water air vent

Charge air receiver

LT water air vent from air


cooler

Inert gas inlet


Charge air cooler
Gas inlet
HT water inlet
LT water inlet
Lubricating oil inlet

Wrtsil 27 September 2007 W50DFA1V00BTM01A Rev. 01

HT water to alternator

Lubricating oil outlet

LT water outlet

HT water outlet

INTRODUCTION

All ancillary equipment mounted at engine free end

Water separator
Centrifugal filter
HT water pump
LT water pump
Pressure regulating valve
Lubricating oil pump
Oil from LO pump
Running in-filter

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Fuel filter
Pilot injection pump
Pilot fuel outlet
Pilot fuel inlet

GENERAL DESING

Core design values


Proven gas system, pilot fuel system and
engine control system technology with
safety aspects included
Integrated and modular design based on
Wrtsil 46
Wrtsil 50DF engine is manufactured in
configurations from 6L up to 18V
Engine block always fitted on common base
frame
Latest and the most advanced
environmental solutions are integrated into
engine basic design
Low operating costs by dual-fuel technology
Easy access for easy maintenance
Resilient mounting with rubber elements

Wrtsil 27 September 2007 W50DFA1V00BTM01A Rev. 01

GENERAL DESING

Design philosophy
The Wrtsil 50DF is a four-stroke dual-fuel engine that can be run either on natural gas or light fuel
oil (LFO) and, with certain modifications, also on heavy fuel oil (HFO). The engine combines the highly
successful Wrtsil 46 engine strengths to the economical dual-fuel technologies. Reliability is still
the guiding principle for Wrtsil 50DF engine. Low maintenance costs, environmental issues with
proven emission control options and installation easiness are also strongly in focus.
The main features of the Wrtsil 50DF
High thermal efficiency and low emissions
The lean-burn concept
The air-fuel ratio in combustion is very high since the same specific heat quantity released by combustion is used to
heat up a larger mass of air. Thus the maximum temperature and consequently NOx formation are lower

Flexibility with emission control


The Wrtsil 50DF can be run either on natural gas or LFO and also on HFO
Designed to give the same output whether it is running on natural gas or on LFO/HFO

Output ranges for the Wrtsil 50DF engines and generating sets
Output ranges for Wrtsil 50DF engines and generating sets
Output 50 Hz, 60 Hz
Engine configuration

Engine [kW]

Generating set [kWe]

6L50DF

5700

5500

8L50DF

7600

7330

9L50DF

8550

8250

12V50DF

11400

11000

16V50DF

15200

14670

18V50DF

17100

16500

Wrtsil 27 September 2007 W50DFA1V00BTM01A Rev. 01

GENERAL DESING

Design philosophy
The main features of the Wrtsil 50DF
Dual-fuel technology
Divided in to two systems: gas system and diesel oil system
Gas system
Lean-burn technology with pilot fuel ignited Otto-principle
combustion
Low pressure natural gas and LFO

Diesel oil system


Divided in to two systems: pilot fuel system and back-up fuel system
LFO/HFO

Operation mode transfer


The engine can be switched automatically from fuel oil to gas
operation at loads below 80 % of the full load

Twin-needle injection valve with electronically controlled pilot injection and


hydro-mechanically controlled main diesel injection

High reliability with low maintenance costs


Increased component lifetime and time between overhauls
Common components with Wrtsil 32DF and Wrtsil 46
Ancillaries; pumps, filters, coolers located to facilitate easy accessibility

Safe bearing technology


The big-end bearing housing is hydraulically tightened, resulting in a
distortion-free bore for the corrosion-resistant precision bearing

Installation easiness
All ancillaries are built on the engines
Optionally with separate ancillaries

All connections are concentrated to few points

Wrtsil 27 September 2007 W50DFA1V00BTM01A Rev. 01

GENERAL DESING

Design philosophy
Compliance with SOLAS fire safety regulations
Wrtsil 50DF engines are designed keeping in mind existing SOLAS requirements already in basic
design phase.
Design concept is based on the SOLAS rules:

SOLAS II-2/15.2.9 - 15.2.12.


Arrangements for oil fuel, lubricating oil
and other flammable oils

Wrtsil 27 September 2007 W50DFA1V00BTM01A Rev. 01

GENERAL DESING

Summary of SOLAS requirements


SOLAS
Requirement

SOLAS II-2/15.2.9 - 15.2.12. Arrangements for oil fuel,


lubricating oil and other flammable oils

Description of requirements

(1)

High pressure fuel pipes

(2)

Hot surfaces

(3)

Low pressure fuel oil pipes

(4)

Lubricating oil arrangements

All external high-pressure fuel delivery lines between the high-pressure fuel pumps and fuel injectors shall be protected with a jacketed
piping system capable of containing fuel from a high-pressure line failure. A jacketed pipe incorporates an outer pipe into which the highpressure fuel pipe is placed, forming a permanent assembly. The jacketed piping system shall include a means for collection of leakages
and arrangements shall be provided for an alarm to be given of a fuel line failure.

All surfaces with temperatures above 220 C which may be impinged as a result of a fuel system failure shall be properly insulated.

Oil fuel lines shall be screened or otherwise suitably protected to avoid, as far as praticable, oil spray or oil leakages onto hot surfaces,
into machinery air intake, or other sources of ignition. The number of joints in such piping system shall be kept to a minimum.

The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of oil used in pressure lubrication systems shall be such as to ensure the
safety of the ship and persons on board. The arrangements made in machinery spaces of category A, and whenever practicable in other
machinery spaces, shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.1, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8, 2.10 and 2.11 screened or
otherwise suitably protected.

Wrtsil 27 September 2007 W50DFA1V00BTM01A Rev. 01

GENERAL DESING

Summary of SOLAS requirements

SOLAS II-2/15.2.9 - 15.2.12. Arrangements for oil fuel,


lubricating oil and other flammable oils

Guidelines to SOLAS
Shielding is only required for piping systems
under pressure exceeding 0.18N/mm2 [1.8 bar]
which are located above or near units of high temperature,
including boilers, steam pipes, exhaust manifold, silencers
or other equipment required to be insulated by SOLAS reg. II-2/15.2.10.
It is further required if oil spray or oil leakages may reach machinery
intakes or other sources of ignition.

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GENERAL DESING

Sectional view of
Wrtsil 50DF

Fig. name: Sectional view of engine


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TERMINOLOGY

Designation of cylinders
Designation of engine sides and ends
Manoeuvring side and rear side. Details
located on the manoeuvring side may be
marked with "M" and correspondingly "B"
for the back of the engine (B - bank on a
V - engine).
Clockwise rotating engine. When looking
at the engine from the driving end the shaft
rotates clockwise.
Counter - clockwise rotating engine.
When looking at the engine from the driving
end the shaft rotates counter - clockwise.

Fig. name: Designation of cylinders


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TERMINOLOGY

Designation of bearings
Main bearings: The flywheel bearing is No. 0, the
first standard main bearing is No. 1, the second No.
2 etc.
Thrust bearings: The thrust bearing rails are
located at the flywheel bearing. The outer rails
close to the flywheel are marked with 00 and the
inner rails with 0.
Camshaft bearings: The camshaft bearings are
designated the same as the main bearings and the
thrust bearing bushings are designated; the outer
00 and the inner 0
Camshaft gear bearings: The bearings located on
the flywheel side and are designated 00 and the
inner bearings 0.
Upper and lower bearing shells: In bearings
where both bearing shells are identical, the upper
one is marked with UP.

Fig. name: Designation of bearings


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TERMINOLOGY

Designation of valves

Fig. name: Designation of valves


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TERMINOLOGY

Example of reading the flywheel


Marking of the flywheel:
The flywheel is divided into 360, starting from TDC
at firing for cylinder 1. TDC at firing for every cylinder
is marked on the flywheel. There is a common
marking for the cylinders in engines with even
cylinder numbers, one cylinder is at TDC at firing and
the other is at TDC at scavenging. There are
separate scales for A - and B - bank in a V - engine.
Firing intervals, in crank angles, can be determined
by dividing 720 with the number of cylinders. On an
example engine, the fuel timing is read to 17 for
cylinder A2 when the flywheel is in the position
shown in the figure.

System components
01 Flywheel indicator
02 Flywheel graduation

Fig. name: Example of reading the flywheel


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Wrtsil 27 September 2007 W50DFA1V00BTM01A Rev. 01

TERMINOLOGY
W50DF engines, in-line engine
500 mm
Cylinder bore:
580 mm
Piston stroke:
500 rpm
514 rpm
Speed:
20.0 bar
19.5 bar
Mean effective pressure:
9.7 m/s
9.9 m/s
Piston speed:
950 kW
Output/cylinder:
Fuel specification:
730 cSt/50 C
Fuel oil
ISO 8217, category ISO-F-DMX, DMA and DMB
Methane Number: 80
Natural gas
LHV: min. 28 MJ/nm, 5.5 bar
BSEC 7410 kJ/kWh
Rated power
Engine configuration

Output [kW]*

Output [Bhp]*

Weight [ton]**

6L50DF

5700

7750

96

8L50DF

7600

10340

128

9L50DF

8550

11630

148

12V50DF

11400

15500

175

16V50DF

15200

20670

220

18V50DF

17100

23260

240

*) At flywheel
**) Dry weight

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Wrtsil 27 September 2007 W50DFA1V00BTM01A Rev. 01

TERMINOLOGY

Calculating of Mean Effective Pressure


Mean Effective Pressure

P (kW/cyl.)
Rpm * 0,08033

P (hp/cyl.)
or

Rpm * 0,10921

Firing order

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Engine configuration

Firing orders of clockwise rotating engines

6L50DF

1-5-3-6-2-4

8L50DF

I: 1-3-2-5-8-6-7-4
II: 1-6-2-4-8-3-7-5

9L50DF

I: 1-2-4-6-8-9-7-5-3
II: 1-7-4-2-8-6-3-9-5

12V50DF

A1-B1-A5-B5-A3-B3-A6-B6-A2-B2-A4-B4

16V50DF

A1-B1-A3-B3-A2-B2-A5-B5-A8-B8-A6-B6-A7-B7-A4-B4

18V50DF

A1-B8-A7-B6-A4-B3-A2-B9-A8-B5-A6-B1-A3-B7-A9-B4-A5-B2

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MAIN TECHNICAL DATA

Wrtsil 50DF
L-engine
Principle engine dimensions [mm ] and weights [tonnes]**
Engine
configuration

Weight (dry)

6L50DF

8115

3580

2850

3820

1455

96.0

8L50DF

9950

3600

3100

3820

1455

128.0

9L50DF

10800

3600

3100

3820

1455

148.0

**) =

Subject to revision without notice


A = Total length
C = Total breadth
B+F = Total height (from the bottom of the oil sump to the exhaust outlet)

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Wrtsil 27 September 2007 W50DFA1V00BTM01A Rev. 01

MAIN TECHNICAL DATA

Wrtsil 50DF
V-engine
Principle engine dimensions [mm ] and weights [tonnes]**
Engine
configuration

Weight (dry)

12V50DF

10465

4055

3810

3600

1500

175.0

16V50DF

12665

4055

4530

3600

1500

220.0

18V50DF

13725

4280

4530

3600

1500

240.0

**) =

Subject to revision without notice


A = Total length
C = Total breadth
B+F = Total height (from the bottom of the oil sump to the exhaust outlet)

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