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Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech
* In the traditional division of Parts of Speech, all the words in
the English language can be grouped, according to the work
they do, into eight classes, i.e. Parts of Speech

1)

NOUNS words that are the names of things or people or


places: house, hat, iron, Mary, Russia, London, sweetness,
speech, crowd, army.

2) PRONOUNS words that can be used instead of nouns, so that


we can refer to people or things without really naming them
and being compelled to repeat the names too frequently: I,
you, them, who, that, himself, someone.

Parts of Speech
3) AJECTIVES words that qualify a noun by making its meaning
clearer, fuller, or more exact: a bad egg, a blue dress, the book is
new.
- There are a number of words of various types that are
sometimes grouped as adjectives, e.g. a(n), the, some, each,
no, much etc. These are called Determinatives words used to
provide additional information about the word (a noun) they
stand in front of
4) VERBS words that express the idea of action or being, that
affirm that a person or thing is, does or suffers something: The
boys played football. He is hungry. The enemy was defeated.

Parts of Speech
5) ADVERBS words that we can add to a verb to make its
meaning clearer, fuller, or more exact: He ran quickly. I saw
him yesterday.
6) PREPOSITIONS words that are used with nouns or pronouns
(generally, but not always, being placed in front of them) and
show the relationship between the noun or pronoun and
another word, often expressing abstract relationship of case
or of time or place: I sent the parcel to him; it went by air
mail. The smoke went up the chimney. The desk was near the
window.

Parts of Speech
7) CONJUNCTIONS words that are used to join words,
phrases or sentences: Jack and Jill; a boy with a dirty face
but a pleasant smile; He worked hard because he wanted to
succeed.
8) INTERJECTIONS words that express a sudden feeling or
emotion. These words do not enter into the syntactical
construction of the sentence: Hello! Oh! Ah!

Same word different


part of speech

Same word different part of speech


The Same Word Used as Different Parts of Speech :

Words are classified into parts of speech according to their function, that is according
to the work that they do and not according to their form. There are many words that
can be two, three or even more parts of speech according to the work they do:

1. Give me some water.


2. They water the plants daily.
In the first sentence the word WATER names something. So it is a noun.
In the second sentence the same word WATER expresses an action. It tells what they do.
Here it is a verb.

Same word different part of speech

Study the word FAST in the following sentences.

1. He didnt take anything during the fast. (noun)


2. Muslims fast during Ramadan. (verb)
3. I missed the fast train. (adjective)
4. She speaks fast. (adverb)

Same word different part of speech


Above :
We flew above the clouds. (Preposition)
Have you read the above sentence? (Adjective)
See above. (Adverb)

Back :
I have a pain in the back. (Noun)
I will come back in five minutes. (Adverb)
Have you closed the back door? (Adjective)
He backed his car throught the gate. (Verb)

Same word different part of speech


This watch is better than that. (Adjective)
He sings better than you. (Adverb)
You should respect your betters. (Noun)
Living conditions have bettered a great deal. (Verb)

Down :
The little girl feels down. (Adverb)
He ran down the hill. (Preposition)
We caught the down train. (Adjective)
The government downed the opposition. (Verb)

Same word different part of speech


Like :
Children like sweets. (Verb)
He climbs like a cat. (Preposition)
You wont see his like again. (Noun)
Ravindra and his brother are very like. (Adjective)

Near :
He lives near the station. (Preposition)
Most of my near relatives live abroad. (Adjective)
He got nervous as the examinations neared. (Verb)
I went near enough to see over it. (Adverb)

Same word different part of speech


Right :
You are quite right. (Adjective)
Keep to the right. (Noun)
Go right to the end of the road. (Adverb)
They were able to right the boat. (Verb)

Round :
The earth is round. (Adjective)
The boys ran round the tree. (Preposition)
Will you come round to our house this evening? (Adverb)
We won the first round of the tennis cup. (Noun)
The childs eyes rounded with excitment. (Verb)

Practice
Decide on the parts of speech:
1. Steve can play the trumpet.
2. Do you like dogs?
3. They listen to music every day.
4. She is an old lady.
5. The group went climbing in the mountains.
6. This is a fast car.
7. He did well in the test.
8. My father drives carefully.
9. Has your father ever been to Australia?
10.The play was fantastic.

Practice
Decide on the parts of speech:
1. Steve can play the trumpet. Auxiliary verb
2. Do you like dogs? Verb
3. They listen to music every day. Verb
4. She is an old lady. Adjective
5. The group went climbing in the mountains. Noun
6. This is a fast car. Adjective
7. He did well in the test. Adverb
8. My father drives carefully. Adverb
9. Has your father ever been to Australia? Noun
10.The play was fantastic. Noun

Practice
Decide on the part of speech in the following sentences:
1.Whenever the door slams, the lamp rocks back and forth.
2. The garden wall is made of rocks.
3. Every evening my grandmother rocks in her rocking chair.
4. The college's geology department has a large rock
collection.
5. Parents should limit the amount of television their
children watch.
6. Her credit limit is $5,000.
7. How much cloth will it take to make the curtains?
8. When I travel, I take my cloth coat instead of my leather
one.

Practice
Decide on the part of speech in the following sentences:
1.Whenever the door slams, the lamp rocks back and forth. Verb
2. The garden wall is made of rocks. Noun
3. Every evening my grandmother rocks in her rocking chair. Verb
4. The college's geology department has a large rock collection.
Adjective
5. Parents should limit the amount of television their children
watch. Verb
6. Her credit limit is $5,000. Noun
7. How much cloth will it take to make the curtains? Noun
8. When I travel, I take my cloth coat instead of my leather one.
Adjective