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REG. NO.- 9746 (1980-81), ROLL NO.

JD- 03 /15
COURSE: ICF 509 [CLIMATE SMART AGRICULTURE ]
BANGLADESH AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, MYMENSINGH

Climate Smart
Agriculture

PARIMAL KUMAR RAY

Dec.6, 2015

The Impact of Climate


Variability on Livestock
Production

Why Livestock Production is


Important ?

Occupy 30% of the planets ice free terrestrial surface area;

Significant global assets with a value of at least 1.4 trillion USD

Globally contribute 40% of GDP, in Bangladesh 33% of Agricultural


GDP and

From Nutritional stand point, 30-50% of proteins to human diet

Back bone of Agriculture providing adding value to crop


production

Employ 1.3 b people globally, 600 m poor small farmers in


developing world, 10 million directly in Bangladesh

Livestock Production and Climate


variability

Impact of Livestock Production on


climate change

Impact of climate change on


Livestock Production

18% global GHG emission (CH4; N2O;


CO2 etc., ) mostly by ;

Direct

Indirect

Enteric fermentation,

Farm Manures, etc.,

Water consumption

Impact of Climate Change on


Livestock Production

Temperature tolerance of heat waves;

Heat stress,

Possible reduction in feed sources,

Extreme events- Climate Variability;

Mateo-patty (rapid air pressure change),

Excited behavior- (storm, surge, together makes an onslaught),

Sea level rise triggers spatial dimension (13 -17% land loss),

Compound other stresses upon Agricultural production.

Decrease production;

5oC increased up to 10% lower productivity,

Impact of Climate Change on


Livestock Production

Feed availability;

Land use and systems change,

Changes in primary productivity- crops, forages,

Changes in species composition,

Quantity and quality of plant material i.e., pasture loss

Disease vectors;

Spatial and temporal dimension of diseases vectors

Tropical diseases vectors occurred;

Toxin in feed , food

Consequences-Cattle production

Dairy- high negative

Intensive forage production

High productive breeds

Low climate variability tolerance

Beef- low negative

Natural pastures,

Locally adapted breed (e.g., RCC)

Consequences-small ruminant
production

Sheep and goat- low negative/positive

Extensive traditional,

Natural pastures (under grazing),

Locally adapted breeds,

Socio-economic impact is significantly bigger,

Disease control (parasites, helminth infection etc.,)

Consequences-Poultry and pig


production

High negative;

Intensive production,

High efficient genetic resources,

Low adaptability on diverse conditions,

Required high quality feed,

High investment in controlled indoor environment,

Decreased economic efficiency.

Cope with Climate Changes in


Livestock sector

Controlled environment in the barns;

Thermal isolation,

Cooling installments (Spraying, chillers ---),

Water treatment.

Feeding efficiency;

Intensive production

Pastures management

Genetic perspective;

Animal genetic resources loss,

Climate variability tolerance animals are required.

What More Options left ?

Adaptive research;

Work on development of locally adapted breeds;

Investment in adaptation, that we are week;

Systematic approach;

Assessment CC on animal health; relationship between CC &


animal health;

Modelling climate related changes to grassland/forage


production;

Develop an impact inventory across livestock species and their


value in monetary terms;

Disease control and prevention;

Carry out a cost benefit appraisal of adaptation plans.