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# SIMPLE MODELING OF ROCKFALL EMBANKMENT

## This paper present an analysis of Rockfall Embankment. First, it will be

showed the slope stability analysis using phase2 and slide. Two analysis are
presented, using finite element method in phase2 and limit equilibrium in
slide. The next section will present rockfall impact analysis. In this analysis
we use Abaqus, a general finite element software. Table 1 gives information
about the properties used in this paper.
Table 1 Geotechnical parameters

Values
Geotechnical Parameters for used in
Slope and Embankment
model
3
Mass density (kN/m )
21
E (kPa)
110000
v
0.25
Drained friction angle (o)
34
slope cohesion (kPa)
9
flow stress ratio
0.78
o
dilatation angle ( )
0
yield stress (kPa)
540
Velocity of rock (m/s)
15
Slope Stability Analysis in Rockfall Embankment
In this paper, slope stability analysis is done by phase2. The slope has
50 m in horizontal length and 25 m in height. In other word, its angle is 30o.
Figure 1 shows the dimension and the result of phase2 analysis based on
strength reduction factor. From the analysis the critical SRF is 1.94. The line
is imported from slide interpret program. We can see that the slide failure
line has a good agreement with maximum shear strain from phase2.

## Figure 1 Strength reduction analysis using phase2.

To compare the analysis result between finite element method and
limit equilibrium method, it is also presented the slide analysis result. Figure
2 show the analysis result using slide. In figure 2, we can see that the safety
factor are 1.77 (Bishop Method). It is about 10 % less than the critical value
that we get from phase2.

## Rockfall Impact Analysis

This section will explain rockfall impact analysis using Abaqus. The
embankment is modeled as a trapezoid with 6 m in high, the base has 6 m
width and the angle is 67o. It is natural embankment without
reinforcement. Figure 3 shows the detail of embankment dimension.

## Figure 3 Embankment dimensions

Figure 4a shows the initial condition of Embankment. The figure 4b
shows the final condition of embankment.

## Figure 4 Rockfall embankment analysis using abaqus a) initial condition, b)

final condition
Figure 5 shows the energy impact of rockfall. From figure 5, we can see
that the plastic dissipation energy has major action in this analysis. Friction
energy has minor impact. So, most of energy of rockfall change into plastic
energy.

## Figure 5 Rockfall Energy Impact

Energy Dissipation
8.00E+06
6.00E+06

## Energy (J) 4.00E+06

2.00E+06
0.00E+00

0.02

0.04

0.06

0.08

0.1

0.12

Time (s)
Plastic energy

friction energy

Bibliography
Ronco, C et.al. 2009. Design of Reinforced Ground Embankments Used for
Rockfall Protection. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. 9. 1189-1199.
Peila, D. 2010. Rock Fall Protection Using Reinforced Embankment.
Politecnico di Torino.