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John Rufo E.

BSED-1A M.W. 5:30-7:00

Examples of Figures of Speech

Alliteration is the repetition of beginning sounds. Examples are:

Sally sells seashells.

Walter wondered where Winnie was.

Blue baby bonnets

Nick needed notebooks.

Fred fried frogs.

Anaphora is a technique where several phrases or verses begin with the same word or words.
Examples are:

I came, I saw, I conquered - Julius Caesar

Mad world! Mad kings! Mad composition! King John - William Shakespeare

We laughed, we loved, we sang

With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, - Abraham

We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. - Winston Churchill

Using Assonance
Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds in words that are close together. Examples are:

A - For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels named Lenore (Poe)

E - Therefore all seasons shall be sweet to thee (Coleridge)

I - From what Ive tasted of desire, I hold with those who favor fire (Frost)

O - Or hear old Triton blow his wreathed horn (Wordsworth)

U - Uncertain rustling of each purple curtain (Poe)

Euphemism is a word or phrase that replaces a word or phrase to make it more polite or pleasant.
Examples are:

A little thin on top instead of bald

Homeless instead of bum

Letting him go instead of fired him

Passed away instead of died

Put to sleep instead of euthanize

Hyperbole uses exaggeration for emphasis or effect. Examples are:

Ive told you a hundred times

It cost a billion dollars

I could do this forever

She is older than dirt

Everybody knows that

Irony is using words where the meaning is the opposite of their usual meaning. Examples are:

After begging for a cat and finally getting one, she found out she was allergic.

A traffic cop gets suspended for not paying his parking tickets.

The Titanic was said to be unsinkable.

Dramatic irony is knowing the killer is hiding in a closet in a scary movie.

Naming a Chihuahua Brutus

Metaphor compares two unlike things or ideas. Examples are:

Heart of stone

Time is money

The world is a stage

She is a night owl

He is an ogre

Onomatopoeia is a word that sounds like what it is describing. Examples are:






Oxymoron is two contradictory terms used together. Examples are:

Peace force

Kosher ham

Jumbo shrimp

Small crowd

Free market

Personification is giving human qualities to non-living things or ideas. Examples are:

The flowers nodded

Snowflakes danced

Thunder grumbled

Fog crept in

The wind howled

Simile is a comparison between two unlike things using the words "like" or "as." Examples are:

As slippery as an eel

Like peas in a pod

As blind as a bat

Eats like a pig

As wise as an owl


Synecdoche is when a part represents the whole or the whole is represented by a part. Examples

Wheels - a car

The police - one policeman

Plastic - credit cards

Coke - any cola drink

Army - a soldier

Understatement is when something is said to make something appear less important or less
serious. Examples are:

It's just a scratch - referring to a large dent

It is sometimes dry and sandy - referring to the driest desert in the world

The weather is a little cooler today - referring to sub-zero temperatures

I wont say it was delicious - referring to terrible food

The tsunami caused some damage - referring to a huge tsunami