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A L U M I N I U M S M E LT I N G I N D U S T R Y

High-temperature preheaters for pitch with higher melting point


Matthias Ginster, Kllemann GmbH

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llem
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mately 300 kW per screw shaft. Temperatures


up to 450 C are possible.
To improve overall efficiency, the new approach uses existing Kllemann preheaters as
before to achieve temperatures of 180-220 C
together with a downstream high-temperature
preheater that provides the extra boost needed to achieve temperature required for
the new types of pitch. Like Kllemanns existing equipment,
there are no moving parts inside
the screw
shafts: the
energy is
distributed to the
shaft

Kllemann GmbH from Germany, a wellestablished supplier of coke preheaters for


the global primary aluminium industry, is responding to the more stringent demands that
are expected to be imposed on the production
of anodes in future. New environmental guidelines for the use of pitch in this field will
mean it will no longer be possible to
use the standard pitch currently used.
Over the last two years, the company
has therefore developed special machinery to allow pitch with a significantly
higher melting point to be processed safely
and reliably.
Preheaters currently use thermal oil as
the heat source, and this flows through the
screw flights, the housing and the main shaft;
it is capable of reaching temperatures of
300-350C. The new development offers a
high-temperature preheating screw. Heat generation is via electrically heated pipes inside
the shaft that are capable of supplying approxi-

High-temperature
preheating screw shaft

from the outside via a special contact-ring


system.
One benefit of the new system is that it is
possible to upgrade existing plants at minimum cost by installing the high-temperature
screw between the existing preheater and the
extruder.
The new preheater is still under development. Kllemann is interested in collaborating with potential customers to bring the
system to market readiness. Contact details
along with further information about the
company and its products can be found at
www.koellemann.de.
Author
Matthias Ginster is head of the project department
at Kllemann GmbH in Adenau, Germany.

A detailed report on Kllemann was published in ALUMINIUM 9/2013, pp. 56-58.

ALUMINIUM 1-2/2014