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# Calculus

Derivative Formulas
[Definition of the Derivative of a Function f ]

## f (x+ h)" f (x)

f '(x)= lim
h!0 h
[Definitions of f '(a) , the Derivative of f at x = a ]

## f (a+ h)" f (a) f (x)" f (a)

f '(a)= lim = x!a
lim
h!0 h x"a
[Derivative of common functions]

d d
(D1.) (sin x) = cos x (D2.) (csc x) = !csc x " cot x
dx dx
d d
(D3.)
dx
(cos x) = !sin x (D4.)
dx
(sec x) = sec x ! tan x
d d
(D5.) ( tan x) = sec 2 x (D6.)
dx
(cot x) = !csc 2 x
dx

d d 1
(D7.)
dx
( e )= e
x x
(D8.)
dx
(ln x) =
x
d d 1
(D9.)
dx
( b )= b
x x
! ln b (D10.)
dx
( log b x) =
x !ln b
d 1 d 1
(D11.)
dx
( sin!1 x) = (D12.)
dx
( csc!1 x) = !
1! x 2 | x | x 2 !1

d 1 d 1
(D13.)
dx
( cos!1 x) = ! (D14.)
dx
( sec!1 x) =
1! x 2 | x | x 2 !1

d 1 d 1
(D15.)
dx
( tan!1 x) =
1+ x 2
(D16.)
dx
( cot!1 x) = !
1+ x 2

## Produced by Steve Chow, 2009 1

[Differentiation Rules]

 [Constant Function]
If f (x)= c for some constant c, then
f '(x)= 0
 [Sum/Difference Rule]
If F(x)= f (x)± g(x) , then
F '(x)= f '(x)± g '(x)
 [Power Rule]
If f (x) = x n for all real number n, then

f '(x) = n ! x n"1
 [Product Rule]
If F(x) = f (x) ! g(x) , then
F '(x) = f (x) ! g '(x) + g(x) ! f '(x)
 [Quotient Rule]
f (x)
If F(x) = , then
g(x)
g(x) ! f '(x) " f (x) ! g '(x)
F '(x) = 2
#\$ g(x) %&

 [Chain Rule]

(
If F(x) = f g(x) , then )
( )
F '(x) = f ' g(x) ! g '(x)
Produced by Steve Chow, 2009 2