Anda di halaman 1dari 48

D"Camera(

Intro(

Photography(:( photos&&( graphien& (Sir(John(

Herschel,(1839)(

Kamera(:((camera(obscura,(bhs(laDn),(ruang( gelap( Kamera,(lensa,(accessoris(

BASIC(SETUP(

Point"point(penDng(sebelum(pengambilan( gambar:(

IMAGE(QUALITY((RAW(/(JPEG?( ISO( White(Balance( Exposure(mode(( Focusing( Metering(

IMAGE(QUALITY(

RAW( (“negaDve(film”(kamera(digital( ((((memiliki(informasi(semua(yang(terekam(oleh( sensor( ((((kelebihan :(informasi(lebih(lengkap(untuk( pengolahan(digital(lebih(lanjut,(WB(bisa(diatur( belakangan.( ((((kekurangan :(ukuran(file(besar,(perlu(memakai( so`ware(tertentu(untuk(membuka(file.(

IMAGE(QUALITY(

JPEG(((“hasil(cetak”(dari(kamera(digital( ((((kelebihan :(ukuran(file(yang(jauh(lebih(kecil,( langsung(bisa(dibuka(dengan(berbagai(macam( so`ware.( ((((kekurangan :(pengolahan(digital(kerap( menurunkan(kualitas(foto((informasi( berkurang(akibat(sampling),(WB(harus(tepat( keDka(pengambilan(foto,((

ISO(

Menunjukan(kesensiDfan(sensor( Menaikan(ISO((menaikan(respon(sensor( terhadap(cahaya( (shuber(speed(meningkat( Menaikan(noise(

ISO( ISO((((Shuber(speed( ISO((((Shuber(speed(
ISO(
ISO((((Shuber(speed(
ISO((((Shuber(speed(
ISO( ISO((((Shuber(speed( ISO((((Shuber(speed(
ISO( ISO((((Shuber(speed( ISO((((Shuber(speed(

ISO(

High(ISO( (High(noise((grainy)(

ISO(1600(
ISO(1600(
ISO( High(ISO(  (High(noise((grainy)( ISO(1600( Tertutupi(untuk(small(print(size(

Tertutupi(untuk(small(print(size(

Aperture(priority(

Aperture(priority( N(  (f"number ( besar : (angkanya kecil, misal 1.8-2.8) makin peka thd cahaya, ruang

N( (f"number (

Aperture(priority( N(  (f"number ( besar : (angkanya kecil, misal 1.8-2.8) makin peka thd cahaya, ruang

besar : (angkanya kecil, misal 1.8-2.8) makin peka thd cahaya, ruang ketajaman (dof) sempit kecil : (angkanya besar, misal 16-22), krg peka thd cahaya, ruang ketajaman (dof) luas

Aperture(priority(

Pengaturan(besarnya(bukaan(dari(diafragma( Mengontrol(ruang(ketajaman((bokeh)( Shuber(speed(mengikuD(aperture( Paling(umum(digunakan(

Aperture(priority(

Contoh:(

Aperture(

F16(

F11(

F8(

F5.6(

F4(

F2.8(

F2(

F1.4(

Shutter speed (seconds) (

1/15 (

1/30 (

1/60 (

1/125 (

1/250 (

1/500 (

1/1000 (

1/2000 (

Aperture(priority(

(f/5.6(

f/32(

Aperture(priority( (f/5.6( f/32(
Aperture(priority( (f/5.6( f/32(

Aplikasi((

Aplikasi(( Model photography Bukaan besar (2.8) Ruang ketajaman sempit
Aplikasi(( Model photography Bukaan besar (2.8) Ruang ketajaman sempit

Model photography

Bukaan besar (2.8) Ruang ketajaman sempit

Aplikasi(( Model photography Bukaan besar (2.8) Ruang ketajaman sempit

Aplikasi((

Aplikasi(( Bukaan kecil (F11-F16) Ruang ketajaman luas Landscape photography

Bukaan kecil (F11-F16) Ruang ketajaman luas

Landscape photography

Aplikasi(( Bukaan kecil (F11-F16) Ruang ketajaman luas Landscape photography

Shuber"speed(priority(

Pengaturan(shuber(speed(untuk(menangkap( moment(yang(ingin(diabadikan((bergantung( objek( Shuber(speed(min:( ((((sport( (1/200(–(1/500( ((((dinamis((1/50"1/200( ((((pemandangan(((1/20(( (((((hand(held) (

((((sport(  (1/200(–(1/500( ((((dinamis(  (1/50"1/200( ((((pemandangan(  ((1/20(( (((((hand(held) (

Shuber"speed(priority(

Aperture(mengikuD(shuber(speed(yang( diinginkan( Kelemahan :(berkurangnya(kontrol(DOF( (bokeh),(shuber(speed(Dnggi( (bukaan(besar,( bukaan(sudah(maksimal( (foto(underexposed (

Aplikasi(

Aplikasi( Shutter speed tinggi >1/400 Bukaan besar Nature photography

Shutter speed tinggi >1/400 Bukaan besar

Nature photography

Aplikasi( Shutter speed tinggi >1/400 Bukaan besar Nature photography
Shutter speed tinggi >1/400 Bukaan besar Iso tinggi Sport Photography

Shutter speed tinggi >1/400 Bukaan besar Iso tinggi

Sport Photography

Shutter speed tinggi >1/400 Bukaan besar Iso tinggi Sport Photography

Aplikasi(

Aplikasi( Shutter speed tinggi >1/400 Variasi aperture Model photography

Shutter speed tinggi >1/400 Variasi aperture

Model photography

Aplikasi( Shutter speed tinggi >1/400 Variasi aperture Model photography

White(Balance(

Menetralisir(“color(cast”(dari(sumber(cahaya( PenDng(untuk(penyimpanan(format(JPEG( Setup((manual,(auto,(preset( Preset( (Incandescent,(Fluorescent,(Sun( (“white(lamp”),(Shade((digital(“warming(filter”,( juga(untuk(snow(scene),(flash( Auto( (bergantung(keberadaan(objek( berwarna(puDh,(jika(persentase(di(scene(kecil(

(WB(kurang(akurat(

White(Balance(

Manual(

Temp(input((biasanya(untuk(conDnues(lighDng( (keterangan(temperatur(warna(bisa(dicari(di( belakang(lampu).(White( 6500(K,(lampu(bohlam(

biasa(3000(K(

((((“suhu”rendah(<""""""">((“suhu”(Dnggi(

((((((kuning(((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((biru(

White(Balance(

White(card(

WB(diatur(dengan(memakai(pembanding((lebih( akurat (

•   White(card( –   WB(diatur(dengan(memakai(pembanding(  (lebih( akurat ( WB-bohlam WB - flash

WB-bohlam

•   White(card( –   WB(diatur(dengan(memakai(pembanding(  (lebih( akurat ( WB-bohlam WB - flash

WB - flash

Exposure(mode(

Menentukan(jumlah(cahaya(yang(masuk(ke( sensor(secara(akurat( Aperture(<""""""">(shuber(speed( Mode(:(A,(S,(M,(P(,((presets)(

Programmed(Mode((P)(

Fotografer(diberi(beberapa(pilihan(kombinasi( A"S(dengan(hasil(exposure(yang(sama(

Exposure(compensaDon((EV)(

Untuk(mengubah(exposure(dari(yang( ditentukan(oleh(kamera( Dalam(bentuk(kelipatan(bilangan(tertentu,( misal:(0.5,(1,(1.5(… (Atau(0.3,(0.7,(1.0….( Naik/turun(1(nilai((1"stop) (cahaya(yang(

masuk(naik/turun(2(kali(lipat(

Nikon( (cenderung(underexposed((EV(+0.3)( (((Canon( (cenderung(over((EV("0.3),(dynamic( range(lebih(luas(dari(nikon(

BrackeDng(

Pengambilan(gambar(dengan(beberapa(Dngkat( exposure((beberapa(nilai(EV)( Digunakan(sebagai(precauDon(seandainya(kita( salah(menilai(exposure(saat(pengambilan( gambar((misal:(matahari(terlalu(terik,(sulit( melihat(LCD)( Bisa(juga(untuk(HDR(

Contoh:("0.5(EV,(0,(+0.5(EV(

"4(EV(

+2EV(

BrackeDng(

"4(EV( +2EV( BrackeDng( "2(EV( +4EV(
"4(EV( +2EV( BrackeDng( "2(EV( +4EV(
"4(EV( +2EV( BrackeDng( "2(EV( +4EV(
"4(EV( +2EV( BrackeDng( "2(EV( +4EV(

"2(EV(

+4EV(

BrackeDng(

BrackeDng(

Manual(exposure(mode(

Fotografer(menentukan(exposure((aperture( dan(shuber"speed)( Selalu(perhaDkan(light(meter(di(kamera(

Aperture

ISO

+

0

-

Shutter

speed

Aperture ISO + 0 - S h u t t e r speed metering
Aperture ISO + 0 - S h u t t e r speed metering
Aperture ISO + 0 - S h u t t e r speed metering
Aperture ISO + 0 - S h u t t e r speed metering

metering

Exposure(mode(

Mode(

P

(programmed auto) (

S

(shutter-priority auto) (

A

(aperture-priority auto) (

M (manual)(

Shutter Speed (

Selected by camera(

Selected by photographer(

Selected by camera(

Selected by photographer(

Aperture(

Selected by camera(

Selected by camera(

Selected by photographer(

Selected by photographer(

Focusing(

Manual(Focus( (untuk(lensa"lensa(jadul,( macro((ikuD(indicator(focus(di(kamera)( Autofocus(

AF"S((single)((hanya(sekali(focusing((untuk(objek( relaDf(diam)( AF"C((conDnues)((focusing(mengikuD(objek(yang( bergerak(( AF"A((otomaDs(memilih(S(atau(C(

AF"area(

Single(point( Dynamic(area( Auto(area((

Focusing(

Matrix(metering(

•   Matrix(metering( Metering(

Metering(

•   Matrix(metering( Metering(

Metering(

Center"weighted(metering(

Metering( •   Center"weighted(metering(
Metering( •   Center"weighted(metering(

Metering(

Center"weighted(metering(

Metering( •   Center"weighted(metering(
Metering( •   Center"weighted(metering(

LENSA(

FOCAL(LENGTH(&(ANGLE(OF(VIEW(

Focal(length(menentukan(angle(of(view((field( of(view(–(FoV)(

Crop(sensor((APS"C)( (dikalikan(dengan(crop( factor(

( ( contoh:( ( Nikon(APS"C((crop(factor(1.5(

( 50(mm( (75(mm(

( Canon(APS"C( (crop(factor(1,6(

( 50(mm(  (80(mm((((

( 50(mm( (80(mm((((

FOCAL(LENGTH(&(ANGLE(OF(VIEW(

APS"C((Advance(Photo(System(type"C)(

FOCAL(LENGTH(&(ANGLE(OF(VIEW( APS"C((Advance(Photo(System(type"C)(

Lens%with%a%short%focal%length%(wide%angle%of%view)%

Lens%with%a%short%focal%length%(wide%angle%of%view)%

Lens%with%a%long%focal%length%(small%angle%of%view)%

Lens%with%a%long%focal%length%(small%angle%of%view)%

Maximum(aperture((min.(f"number)(

Menentukan(bukaan(diafragma(terbesar(suatu( lensa((dan(“kapasitas”(menangkap(cahaya)( Menentukan(DoF((bokeh)(dan(kecepatan( Aperture(besar((f/1.4,(f/1.8,(f/2.8) (fast(lens( Aperture(kecil((>(f/3.5)( (slow(lens(

  Aperture(besar((f/1.4,(f/1.8,(f/2.8)  (fast(lens( •   Aperture(kecil((>(f/3.5)(  (slow(lens(

Min.(Focus(Distance(

Menentukan(jarak(terdekat(untuk(focusing(

Min.(Focus(Distance( •   Menentukan(jarak(terdekat(untuk(focusing( •   Menentukan(reproducDon(raDo(

Menentukan(reproducDon(raDo(

Min.(Focus(Distance(

Lensa(macro( (reproducDon(raDo(1:1/1:2( min.(focus(distance(relaDf(dekat(

Min.(Focus(Distance( •   Lensa(macro(  (reproducDon(raDo(1:1/1:2( min.(focus(distance(relaDf(dekat(
Min.(Focus(Distance( •   Lensa(macro(  (reproducDon(raDo(1:1/1:2( min.(focus(distance(relaDf(dekat(

Jenis(lensa(

Lens :

- Fixed lens : + sharper, - can not zoom

- Zoom lens : + no need to move, - less sharper

Lens focal length :

- Ultra wide : 10mm-18 mm

- Wide : 18-35 mm

- normal : 35-70 mm

- tele : 70-300 mm

- ultra tele : > 300 mm

Jenis(lensa(

Berdasarkan(focal(length(dan(aperture( Constant(aperture(zoom( (24"70mm(f/2.8(

•   Constant(aperture(zoom(  (24"70mm(f/2.8( •   Macro(lens  (105mm(f/2.8((min.(distance(31(

Macro(lens (105mm(f/2.8((min.(distance(31(

cm) (

Cari(lensa?(

Market(place:( ( marktplaats.nl (

(

(

(

( ebay.nl(

Occasion(&(Demo:( ( Cameranu.nl ( (

((( (

(

Tips(motret(:(

Tujuan(motret???( Lokasi( Persiapkan((gear((batere,(lens,(accesories)( PracDce(makes(perfect((jgn(ragu2(!!)( Shoot(in(raw(mode( SLR(or(not(is(not(the(point,(paling(penDng(:( “THE%MAN%BEHIND%THE%GUN”%