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wu ragieekay Quiet Os Rekageow Welcome Students! \Weleare to the werld ar Iaaming thraugh animation! Your alalegy Un ar iternl Systema ‘and Regulation requires you ta have a terough understanding ef the majer processes, mechenisis, ane systems ofthe human oody. This inclides the respiratory, circulatory, and digestive sysiarns ‘This animation vl guide you trough the graces of gas exchange wihin the respiratory system, Included are denitions the you may refer to throughout {At your awn pace, navigate through the animation by elieking cn the arrows provided at ine bottom of the pace Auten Page tat § ee COA UA tS BrCl ola eed Cee Se {re ten uh ae eed ety a cn i ia at can Cuinghantaanactsaargdiienus Parices oe. rsp say ort neton ‘Tererove cherie rel, Tieseunoaleady at ton respratoy pases sua oa etre pyseme ard eros” ‘orc oe porta stra artes eta 2 Srizore in arm, oe adn {uo combustor gd wide umasors are mos ham ‘peor. Pattans ger hen 25 merors tsa Pan ‘means asin nc ioun dust and eaing opens, ‘eoless fn peo Caen, ake component ol sncg Ilocano ermcmate ster arcane lng rtaneran aera oF Seatingcacacy tae se" Resear” Ast aredamntae dor nt hopin tab PUTS cane Sherstetauschnen ebwreuotelrgeardeas heath cbse pulmonary arteriole) alveolus pulmonary —+ venule capillary network worl Bo 2 Pulmonary artery vein to eert rt | Start animation | Copyright ©The eG Companis, Ine Permission required fr reproduction o pay. Internal Respiration At systemic capillaries, HbO, inside red blood cells becomes Hb and O,. Hb now combines with H* to form HHb. O, leaves red blood cells and capillaries. systemic capillaries External Respiration At pulmonary capillaries, HCO," is converted inside red blood cells to HO and CO,. CO, leaves red blood cells and capillaries. pulmonary capillaries pulmonary artery pulmonary vein pulmonary capillaries External Respiration At pulmonary capillaries, O, enters ted blood celis where it combines with Hb to form HbO,. Internal Respiration At systemic capillaries, CO, enters red blood cells. Some combine with Hb to form HbCO,. Most is converted to HCO,”, which is carried in the plasma. Rib cage moves up and out. Diaphragm contracts and moves down. Pressure in lungs decreases, and air comes rushing in. a. Inspiration rib cage air diaphragm rib air cage diaphragm b. Expiration Rib cage moves down and i Diaphragm relaxes and moves up. Pressure in lungs increases, and airis pushed out. KELEBIHAN BERNAPAS DENGAN HIDUNG Keuntungan bernapas melalui hidung adalah Di dalam rongga hidung terdapat rambut- rambut hidung dan lendir yang bisa menyaring udara yang masuk Di dalam rongga hidung terdapat saraf penciuman, sehingga dapat menghindari udara yang tidak enak di dalam rongga hidung, suhu udara disesuaikan dengan suhu tubuh. Paru-paru dapat disamakan dengan dua buah kantong membran elastis yang bagian dalamnya berhubungan dengan udara luar melalui saluran pernafasan. Bagian dalam sangat luas permukaannya terdiri atas gelembung-gelembung alveolus yang berdinding sangat tipis. Pertukaran gas berlangsung pada alveoli.