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Republic of the Philippines

NAVAL STATE UNIVERSITY


Naval, Biliran

COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES


Department of Criminology

SYLLABUS IN LEA 212 – INTRODUCTION TO PHILIPPINE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM

Course Code : LEA 212


Course Title : Introduction to Philippine Criminal Justice System
Time Frame : 54 hours per semester
Consultation : TBA
Instructor : Melcon S. Lapina, MSCrim

I. Course Description
The study of five pillars of criminal justice in the Philippines – law enforcement, the prosecution, the courts, the corrections and the
community. It also covers their respective functional relationships as well as individual roles in the administration of the justice system in
the solution of crimes.

II. Course Objectives


At the end of the course, the student should be able to:

1. List down the pillars of the criminal justice system;


2. Explain the general function and operation of the criminal justice system;
3. Identify the loop holes and recommended solution to some problems;
4. Explain fully the importance of the five pillars of the CJS;
5. Analyze the objectives of the CJS; and
6. Evaluate their respective responsibility in the maintenance of peace and order in their own community.
III. Course Contents
TIME FRAME OBJECTIVES TOPIC CONTENTS ACTIVITIES/STRATEGIES READING & TEACHING MODE OF EVALUATION
MATERIALS
MIDTERMS A. The Concept of Philippine A. The Concept of • Socialized • Handouts • Recitation
Criminal Justice System: Philippine Criminal discussion • Reference Books • Written quizzes
Justice System: • Lecture and Articles • Answer to
At the end of the unit the • Crime and • MS Power Point • LCD Projector review questions
students shall be able to Society in the Presentation • Chalk and Board • Major
Philippines • Case Study Examinations
• determine the basic • CJS in the
causes of crime; Philippines and • Recitation
• compare Criminal Justice U.S.; and • Written quizzes
in the Philippines and • Katarunga • Answer to
the U.S., where it is ng Pambarangay review questions
being patterned; and • Major
• Be familiar with the role B. Law Enforcement: Examinations
of Katarungang
Pambarangay in the • History of Law
administration of Enforcement
Criminal Justice. • Philippine Law
Enforcement
B. Law Enforcement: Agencies

At the end of this lesson, the


students shall be able to:

• Appreciate the modest


beginnings of Law
Enforcement, both in the
world and in the
Philippines;
• Identify the origins of the
different Law
Enforcement Agencies in
SYLLABUS IN LEA 212 – INTRODUCTION TO PHILIPPINE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM by MELCON S. LAPINA, MSCrim 2
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the Philippines;

SYLLABUS IN LEA 212 – INTRODUCTION TO PHILIPPINE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM by MELCON S. LAPINA, MSCrim 3
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FINALS A: Prosecution: At the end of A. Prosecution • Socialized • Handouts • Recitation
this lesson, the students shall : discussion • Reference Books • Written quizzes
be able to: • Lecture and Articles • Answer to
• Nature of and • MS Power Point • LCD Projector review questions
• Know the Office of a Presentation • Chalk and Board • Major
coordinative functions Prosecution • Case Study Examinations
between Prosecution • Procedures in
and Law Enforcement; Prosecution
and
• Be acquainted with B. Court:
how the Prosecution • the Philippine
works as an arm of the Judiciary
Criminal Justice System. • Organization of
Courts
B. Court: At end of this • Functions of the
lesson, the students shall be Courts
able to:
C. Corrections:
• Follow the
procedures of • Basic
prosecuting a case in Approaches to
Court; Correction
• Determine the • Prisoners
factors considered in • Prisons and Jails
filing charges in courts; • Correctional
• Know how the Reforms and
Judiciary as an arm of Programs
Criminal Justice evolved
in the Philippines; D. Community:
• Determine the
system of Judicial • The
proceedings in the Community’s
Philippines. Role in Crime
• Enumerate the Prevention
different kinds of Courts • The
in the Philippines; Community’s
SYLLABUS IN LEA 212 – INTRODUCTION TO PHILIPPINE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM by MELCON S. LAPINA, MSCrim 4
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IV. Policies and Expectations

Class Attendance and Participation

1. Regular class attendance is a course requirement. Students are encouraged to attend class punctually. A 15-minute portion of
class missed is counted as an absence.
2. Regardless of prior course grades, students who missed 10% of the total 54 hours of academic time required per semester is
automatically dropped from the class with prior notice.
3. Classes begin at the exact time as specified in the schedule of classes. Three consecutive tardiness will be counted as one
absence.
4. Students absent from class are not allowed to make up missed quizzes, writing assignments or other graded work.
5. Attendance will be taken during each class. Students must be present during the entire class period to be marked present. Going
out of class earlier than the schedule is highly discouraged.
6. Attendance and participation make up 20% of the students' grades.
7. Since attendance marks an important part of the students' grades, regular attendance and active participation are therefore of
central importance for this course to provide students not just good grades but also with both fun and satisfying education
experience.

Class Decorum

1. No wearing of headphones. All electronic devices must be turned in discreet mood during class so as to avoid disturbing the class.
2. Students who are more than 15 minutes late are not permitted entry in the classroom and are therefore marked absent.
3. Students caught cheating and/or plagiarizing will be dismissed from the class and upon due process will receive a failing grade.
4. Students wearing incomplete or improper uniforms are not allowed entry in the class.
5. Absolutely no eating and drinking in the class.
6. Leaving the class in the middle of a lecture, discussion and class activities without prior permission, having private conversations,
text messaging and receiving calls that disrupt the class are absolutely prohibited.

Turning in Works

1. All works such as assignments, and other written classroom activities must be turned in and handled to the instructor personally at
the beginning of the class on the date due. Works turned in by methods other than the one specified will not be accepted.
2. Late works are not accepted.
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V. Assessment Procedure/Evaluation Scheme

Grade shall be computed as follows:

Major Exams 40%

Quizzes and Requirements 40%

Attendance 10%

Oral Recitation 10%

100%

The grade equivalent of scores in exams, quizzes, requirements, attendance and participation will be derived using the formula below:

GE = RS X 50/No of Items + 50

Where: GE = grade equivalent; RS = raw score

A student's final overall grade will be calculated as follows:

Midterm Grade + Final Grade = Final Grade Average


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VI. References:

Criminal Justices System by Foronda


Criminology and Criminal Justice by Joyce
INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM: PHILIPPINES, by Tradio
CRIMINAL JUSTICE: An Introduction by Adler, Mueller, and Laufer
Criminal Justice System by Lapina http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/ralugersyadiloh-246888-CJS-CRIMINAL-JUSTICE-CIRCLE-PROCESS-
CRIME-KP-Police-Prosecution-Court-PROCEEDINGS-KATARUNGA-Entertainment-ppt-powerpoint/

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