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Systematic Descriptions PF43

Eichenberg, 1930
o Acanthodus
Microscopic toothlike and platelike struc- Scolopodus
tures belonging to an unknown monophyle- Acontiodus
tic group of extinct marine animals which ° Belodus
probably were bilaterally symmetrical, soft- Oistodus
bodied, and pelagic. These structures, com- Scandodus
monly called conodonts, are usually either Distacodus
grayish-black or some shade of brown, com- Acodus
posed chiefly of calcium phosphate, and Drepanodus
consist of lamellae, open aborally, that were Paltodus
accreted about an initial pit—the apex of the ° Cordylodus
pulp cavity. Separation of the aforemen- o Ptiloconus
tioned lamellae from one another—along Ulrichodina
one or more growth axes and in one or Stereoconus
more directions—resulted in the formation o Microcoelodus
of fanglike structures without denticles, o Strachanognathus
fanglike structures with denticles, denti- Mixoconus
culated blades and bars, and platelike struc-
tures with platforms and/or a greatly ex- FIG. 21 A. Stratigraphic distribution of conodonts
panded pulp cavity. The function per- (Hass, n ) . Classification of genera in families is
formed by conodonts is as yet undeter- indicated by presence or absence of symbol (Dista-
mined. Generally accepted range, L.Ord.- codontidae, o—Belodontidae).
U.Trias.; possible range, U.Cam.-U.Cret.
Acodus PANDER, 1856 (p. 21) [*A. erectus; SD
ULRICH & BASSLER, 1926 (p. 7)]. Resembles
UTILITARIAN Distacodus but asymmetrical, having ridge along
CLASSIFICATION mid-line of one lateral side only. L.Ord.-M.SiL,
?U.Sil.-?LMiss., N.Am.-Eu. FIG. 22,8. *A.
erectus, L.Ord.(Glaukonitsand), Bait.; 8a,b, inner,
Family DISTACODONTIDAE Bassler, outer, mag. unknown (56). FIG. 22,8C. A.
1925 acutus PANDER, L.Ord.(Glaukonitsand), Bait.;
[nom. correct. HASS, 1958 {pro Distacodidae BASSLER, 1925)] diagram, horiz. sec, mag. unknown (52).
Pulp cavity surmounted by a single, Acontiodus PANDER, 1856 (p. 28) [*A. latus; SD
straight or curved, undenticulated, fanglike ULRICH & BASSLER, 1926 (p. 7)] [=Acodina
cusp. L.Ord.-USiL, ?Dev., ?Miss. STAUFFER, 1940]. Compressed anteroposteriorly;
posterior side commonly with median- ridge; in
The stratigraphic distribution of genera horizontal section oudine of anterior side convex
included in the Distacodontidae and Belo- to obtuse; posterior side concave. L.Ord.-M.Ord.,
dontidae is shown graphically in Figure ?U.Ord.-?U.Dev., N.Am.-Eu. FIG. 22,9a-c. *A.
21A. latus, L.Ord.(Glaukonitsand), Bait.; 9a-c, post.,
Distacodus HINDE, 1879 (p. 357) [pro Machairodus ant, diagram, horiz. sec, mag. unknown (52).
PANDER, 1856 {non KAUP, 1833)] [*Machairodus Drepanodus PANDER, 1856 (p. 20) [non MENGE,
incurvus PANDER, 1856; SD MILLER, 1889 (p. 1869] [*D. arcuatus; SD MILLER, 1889 (p. 313)]
313)J [—Machairodia SMITH, 1907]. Bilaterally [=Oneotodus LINDSTROM, 1954]. Almost bilat-
symmetrical; anterior and posterior sides sharp- erally symmetrical; outline biconvex to subcircular
edged; lateral sides with ridge along mid-line. in horizontal section; anterior and posterior sides
L.Ord.-M.SiL, ?U.Sil.-?L.Miss., N.Am.-Eu. rounded or sharp-edged. L.Ord.-U.Sil., ?L.Dev.-
FIG. 22,la,b. *D. incurvus (PANDER); both lat., ?L.Miss., N.Am.-S.Am.-Eu.-Austral. FIG. 22,
mag. unknown. FIG. 22,1C. D. ensiformis 10. D. subarcuatus FURNISH, L.Ord.(Shakopee
(PANDER), L.Ord.(Glaukonitsand), Bait.; diagram, Dol.), USA(Wis.); 10a,b, lat., lat. with diagram,
horiz. sees., mag. unknown (52). horiz. sec, X25 (30).
Miscellanea—Con odonts

10a ^ , 10b 11c

lib Paltodus

FIG. 22. Distacodontidae (p.

Mixoconus SWEET, 1955 (p. 244) [*M. primus]. sides truncated, rounded, grooved, or sharp-edged;
Resembles Distacodus; bilaterally symmetrical or lateral sides commonly costate. L.Ord.-U.Sil.t ?L.
nearly so; anterior and posterior sides rounded; Dev.-?LMiss., N.Am.-Eu.-Austral. FIG. 22,
lateral sides with broadly rounded, aborally wid- lla-c. *P. subaequalis, L.Ord.(Glaukonitsand),
ening ridge; pulp cavity shallow. M.Ord., N.Am. Bait.; lla-c, ant., lat., lat., mag. unknown (52).
FIG. 22,5a,b. *M. primus, Harding Ss., USA FIG. 22,1 Id. P. truncatus PANDER; diagram.
(Colo.), both lat., X27 (72). horiz. sec, mag. unknown (52).
Oistodus PANDER, 1856 (p. 27) [*O. lanceolatus; Scandodus LINDSTROM, 1954 (p. 592) [*S. fur-
SD ULRICH & BASSLER, 1926 (p. 7 ) ] . Like Dista- nishi]. Asymmetrical with anterior and posterior
codus but with base greatly expanded posteriorly. sides sharp-edged. Base expanded on inner side.
Ord., N.Am.-S.Am.-Eu.-Austral. FIG. 22,4a-c. Carina may be present along mid-line of lateral
*O. lanceolatus, L.Ord.(Glaukonitsand), Bait.; sides. Ord., N.Am.-Eu.-Austral. FIG. 22,7. *S.
4a-c, lat., lat., aboral, mag. unknown (52). jurnishi, L.Ord.(L. Planilimbata Z.), Swed.; inner
FIG. 22,4d. O. acuminatus PANDER; diagram, lat., X20 (44).
horiz. sec. above base, mag. unknown (52). Scolopodus PANDER, 1856 (p. 25) [*S. sublaevis;
Paltodus PANDER, 1856 (p. 24) [*P. subaequalis; SD ULRICH & BASSLER, 1926 (p. 7 ) ] . Anterior
SD ULRICH & BASSLER, 1926 (p. 7)] [=Pandero- side rounded to sharp-edged; posterior and lateral
dus ETHINGTON, 1959]. Anterior and posterior sides costate, grooved. L.Ord.-M.Ord.j ?U.Ord.-
Systematic Descriptions
?U.Dev., N.Am.-Eu. FIG. 22,5. *S. sublaevis,
L.Ord.(Glaukonitsand), Bait.; 3a,b, diagram,
horiz. sec, mag. unknown (52).
Stereoconus BRANSON & MEHL, 1933 (p. 27) [*S.
gracilis]. Bilaterally symmetrical, broadest near
rounded posterior side; aboral side with cordate
outline; pulp cavity at notched posterior end. L.
Ord.-M.Ord., N.Am.-Eu. FIG. 22,6. *S.
gracilis, M.Ord.(Harding Ss.), USA(Colo.); lat.,
X25 (7).
Ulrichodina FURNISH, 1938 (p. 334) [*U. prima).
Bilaterally symmetrical; broadest near rounded
anterior side; posterior side sharp-edged; base
indented anteriorly. L.Ord., N.Am. FIG. 22,2.
*U. prima, Shakopee Dol., USA(Wis.); 2a,b, ant.,
lat., X45; 2c, diagram, lat. and horiz. sec. above
base, X25 (30).

Family BELODONTIDAE Huddle, 1934

[nom. correct. HASS, 1958 (pro Belodidae HUDDLE, 1934)]
Pulp cavity surmounted by single, 5 6a
straight or curved, denticulated, fanglike Cordylodus Belodus 6b
cusp whose base may be greatly enlarged. FIG. 23. Belodontidae (p. W45).
L.Ord.-U.SU., ?Dev.
Belodus PANDER, 1856 (p. 30) [*B. gracilis} 1933]. Anterior and posterior sides of base ex-
\—Multioistodus CULLISON, 1938; Belodina tended and denticulated; aboral side excavated.
ETHINGTON, 1959; Bclodella ETHINGTON, 1959].
L.Ord.-M.Ord., N.Am. FIG. 23,4. *P. gracilis
Bilaterally symmetrical or nearly so; one or more (BRANSON & MEHL), M.Ord. (Plattin Ls.), USA
denticles along posterior side; lateral sides even, (Mo.); outer, X25 (8).
costate, or grooved. [Belodina ETHINGTON has Strachanognathus RHODES, 1955 (p. 131) [*S.
one pulp cavity, not two. The "upper cavity" of part/us]. Cusp with one or more denticles along
ETHINGTON is located beneath the posteriorly ex- anterior side. M.Ord.-U.Ord., N.Am.-Eu. FIG.
tended base of the cusp and is an integral part 23,7. S. sp., U.Ord.(Keisley), Eng.; inner lat.,
of the pulp cavity ("lower cavity" of ETHINGTON).
X25 (95).
The posterior extension of the base is the "heel"
of ETHINGTON'S terminology.] Ord., ?Sil., ?Dev.,
N.Am.-Eu.-Afr. FIG. 23,6a. *B. gracilis, L. Family COLEODONTIDAE Branson &
Ord.(Glaukonitsand). Bait.; lat., mag. unknown Mehl, 1944
(52). FIG. 23,6b. B. sp., U.Ord.(Burnam Ls.), [nom. correct. HASS, 1958 (pro Coleodidae BRANSON & MEHL,
1944)] [=Trucherognathidae BRANSON & MEHL, 1944]
USA (Tex.); lat., X20 (Hass, n ) .
Acanthodus FURNISH, 1938 (p. 336) [*A. uncina- Pulp cavity located beneath main cusp at
tus]. Like Belodus but with serrations rather than or near the anterior end of denticulated
well-formed denticles along posterior side. L.Ord., bladelike or barlike unit. L.Ord.-U.Trias.
N.Am. FIG. 23,5. *A. uncinatus, Stonehenge The stratigraphic distribution of genera
Ls., USA(Pa.); lat., X20 (Hass, n ) . included in the Coleodontidae is shown
Cordylodus PANDER, 1856 (p. 33) [*C. angulatus; graphically in Figure 23A.
SD ULRICH & BASSLER, 1926 (p. 8 ) ] . Resembles
Belodus but has denticles on posteriorly extended Subfamily COLEODONTINAE Branson & Mehl,
base. L.Ord.-U.Sil., N.Am.-Eu. FIG. 23,5. *C. 1944
angulatus, L.Ord. (Glaukonitsand), Bait.; lat., [nom. transl. HASS, 1959 (ex Coleodontidae BRANSON & MEHL,
mag. unknown (52). 1944)] [=Trucherognathidae BRANSON & MEHL, 1944]

Microcoelodus BRANSON & MEHL, 1933 (p. 89) Main cusp indistinct, not terminal; an-
[*M. typus]. Lateral sides of expanded base denti- terior bar or blade short. M.Ord.-L.Miss.
culated. M.Ord., N.Am. FIG. 23,2. *M. typus (L. Osag.).
Joachim Dol., USA(Mo.); post, lat., X25 (8). Coleodus BRANSON & MEHL, 1953 (p. 24) [*C.
Ptiloconus SWEET, 1955 (p. 245) [pro Pteroconus simplex]. Bladelike; denticles closely set; aboral
BRANSON & MEHL, 1933 (non HINDE in Fox, side grooved posterior to pulp cavity and sharp-
1900)] [*Pteroconus gracilis BRANSON & MEHL, edged anterior to pulp cavity. M.Ord., N.Am.

FIG. 24,6. *C. simplex, Harding Ss., USA (Colo.);


lat., X15 (7).
Arcugnathus COOPER, 1943, in COOPER & SLOSS (p.
172) [*A. tenuis]. COOPER'S description; "Bar
slender, regularly bowed upward; anterior end
Pachysomia denticulated similar to Hindeodella with alter-
Subprioniodus nating upright teeth; posterior denticles strongly
Paracordylodus i
inclined backward; bar terminating in long slender
Gothodus • denticle; no main cusp present." U.Dev., N.Am.
Tetraprioniodus FIG. 24,J. *A. tenuis, Can.(Alta.); lat, X30
Trichonodella H I ••H i (84).
Leptochirognathus i Bactrognathus BRANSON & MEHL, 1941 (p. 98) [*B.
Loxognathus hamata]. Posterior bar straight; anterior bar flexed
Phragmodus inward. Denticles closely set. Lateral expansions
Plectodina of pulp cavity variform. L.Miss.(uppermost Kin-
Zygognathus derhoo\.-lowermost Osag.), N.Am. FIG. 24,7.
Peri don • B. penehamata HASS, Chappel Ls., USA(Tex.);
Trucherognathus 1
7a-c, oral, aboral, outer lat., X20 (38).
Branmehla HASS, 1959 (p. 381) [*Spathodus in-
Curtognathus •
ornatus BRANSON & MEHL, 1934]. Bladelike; an-
Erismodus •
terior end may be flexed inward slightly; denticles
closely set; aboral side sharp-edged; lips of pulp
Chirognathus 1
cavity generally prominent. U.Dev.-LMiss.; N.
Hibbardella Am.-Eu.-Afr. FIG. 24,i. *B. inornata (BRAN-
Ligonodina SON & MEHL), U.Dev.(Houy F.), USA(Tex.);
Neoprioniodus inner lat., X20 (38).
Pravognathus 1 Hindeodina HASS, 1959 (p. 382) [*H. simplaria].
Coleodus t Like Hindeodella but with aborted main cusp;
Rhynchognathodus 1 aboral side sharp-edged; lips of pulp cavity ex-
Holodontus 1 tremely small or entirely absent. U.Dev.-U.Miss.,
Keislognathus , N.Am.-Eu. FIG. 24,5. *H. simplaria, L.Miss.
Rhipidognathus (Chappel Ls.), USA (Tex.); inner lat., X25 (38).
Hindeodel In
1 I I I IVJWwvJv • • >-*
Pravognathus STAUFFER, 1936 (p. 79) [pro Hetero-
gnathus STAUFFER, 1935 (non GIRARD, 1854; nee
L.L/1 1C11IJU 1 n Q wmm
SCHMARDA, 1859; nee KING, 1864; nee REY,
Synprioniodina • • •nun
1888) J [*Heterognathus idonea STAUFFER,'1935].
Bladelike, largest denticles above pulp cavity;
Euprioniodina tm iiiiniii IIIIIIIII IIIIIIIII ill
aboral side grooved, broadly so at anterior end.
Hindeodel loides m M.Ord., N.Am. FIG. 24,2. *P. idonea (STAUF-
Hindeodina m• • FER), Decorah Sh., USA(Minn.); inner lat., X35
Apatognathus (68).
Metaprioniodus Trucherognathus BRANSON & MEHL, 1933 (p. 84)
Diplododella [*T. distorta]. Anterior and posterior bars aligned;
Branmehla denticles irregular; those of mature specimen
Avignathus may be located along inner side of massive plat-
Scutula form. M.Ord., N.Am. FIG. 24,4. *T. distorta
Elsonella Joachim Dol., USA(Mo.); outer lat., X25 (8).
Subfamily HINDEODELLINAE Hass, 1959
Bactrognathus Main cusp distinct, not terminal; anterior
Kladognathus i barvor blade short. ?L.Sil.t M.Sil.-U.Trias.
Parachirognathus Hindeodella BASSLER, 1925 (p. 219) [*H. subtilis
ULRICH & BASSLER, 1926; SD (p. 3 8 ) ] . Bar
denticles closely set, commonly with group of
smaller denticles alternating with larger ones;
FIG. 23 A. Stratigraphic distribution of conodonts main cusp generally much larger than bar den-
(Hass, n ) . Classification of genera assigned to fam- ticles; pulp cavity small. 9L.SH., M.Sil.-U.Trias.;
ily Coleodontidae. N.Am.-Eu.-Afr. FIG. 25,2. *H. subtilis, U.Dev.
(Chattanooga Sh.), USA(Tenn.); inner lat., X20
Systematic Descriptions W47
Cervicornoides STAUFFER, 1938 (p. 424) [*C.
alternatus]. Resembles Hindeodella but is more
sinuous; base of main cusp expanded on inner
side; pulp cavity prominent. M.Dev.-U.Dev.; N.
Am.-Eu. FIG. 25,5. *C. alternatus, U.Dev.
(Olentangy Sh.), USA (Ohio); inner, X50 (69).
Kladognathus REXROAD, 1958 (p. 19) [pro Clado-
gnathus REXROAD, 1957 (non BURMEISTER, 1847)]
[*Cladognathus prima REXROAD, 1957]. Anterior
bar aligned with posterior bar; inner lateral process
directed downward and backward. UMiss.
(Chester.); N.Am. FIG. 25,5. *K. prima, USA
(111.); Sa,b, inner lat., aboral, X40 (55).
Metaprioniodus HUDDLE, 1934 (p. 57) [*M. bi-
angulatus]. Resembles Hindeodella but has dis-
crete denticles with largest denticles near pos-
terior deflection. V' .Dev.-LMiss.(Kinderhoo\.);
N.Am. FIG. 25,4. *M. biangulatus, L.Miss.
(New Albany Sh.), USA(Ind.); 4a,b, inner lat.,
outer lat., X15 (42).
Tripodellus SANNEMANN, 1955 (p. 155) [*T.
flexuosus]. Posterior, anterior, and inner lateral
bars compressed, denticulated; anterior bar much
larger than posterior and inner lateral bars,
directed downward, and oriented so as to face
slightly toward outer side of unit; inner lateral
bar joined to front basal portion of main cusp,
curved backward and directed downward slightly;
main cusp with sharp-edged anterior and pos-
terior sides, curved inward and backward slightly;
Bactrognathus aboral side sharp-edged; pulp cavity very small.
FIG. 24. Coleodontidae (Coleodontinae) (p. W45- U.Dev., Eu. FIG. 25,2. *T. flexuosus, L. Chei-
W46). loceras Z., Eu.; outer lat., X40 (61).


FIG. 25. Coleodontidae (Hindeodellinae) (p. PF46-PF47).

W250 Miscellanea

Names included in the following index are classified typographically as follows: (1)
Roman capital letters are used for suprafamilial taxonomic units which are recognized as
valid in classification; (2) italic capital letters are employed for suprafamilial categories
which are considered to be junior synonyms of valid names; (3) morphological terms and
generic family names accepted as valid are printed in roman type; and (4) generic and
family names classed as invalid, including junior homonyms and synonyms, are printed in
italics. Page numbers printed in boldface type (as W134) indicate the location of systematic
descriptions or definitions of morphological terms.
ABEL, W179, Wl80 Annelidichnium, Wl83 Arenicolithes, Wl89
Abeliella, W228 A1lnulati, WI07, WI13 Arenieolitidae, Wl81
aboral, WS Annulosi, WI07, WllO Arenicoloides, Wl89
aboral attachment scar, WS Anobichnium, W228 Aristophycus, W232
aboral cavity, WS Anomalophycus, W226 Armelia, W223
aboral edge, WS anterior, W6 Arthraria, WI84
aboral extension, WS anterior arch, W6 Arthriehnites, Wl84
aboral groove, WS anterior bar, W6 Arthrodendron, W224
aboral margin, WS anterior blade, W6 Arthrophicus, Wl84
aboral process, W5 anterior curvature, W6 Arthrophycus, WI84
aboral projection, WS anterior deflection, W6 Artiodaetylus, W201
aboral side, WS, Wl7 anterior denticles, W6 Asabellarifex, WI84
aboral surface, W6 anterior edge, W6 Asaphoidichnus, WI84
aboro-lateral groove, W6 anterior face, W6 ASCARIDATINA, WI46, W148
Acanthichnus, WI83 anterior inner bar, W6 Asehemonia, W2I8
Acanthodus, W4S anterior inner lateral bar, W6 a-side, W5
Acanthus, W238 anterior limb, W6 Aspidella, W232
accessory lobes, W6 anterior margin, W6 Aspidiaria, W234
Aeodina, W43 anterior outer bar, W6 assemblage, W7
Acodus, W39, W43 anterior outer lateral bar, W6 Astaeoderma, W65
Acontiodus, W43 anterior process, W6 Asteriacites, WI84
Acripes, Wl91 anterior projection, W6 Asterichnites, WI84
Aenigmichnus, W232 anterior side, W6 Asterophycus, WI84
Aeolisaccus, W223 anterior wing, W6 Asterosalpinx, WIS6
Aequorfossa, W238 antero-inferior process, W6 Asterosoma, WI84
Agarites, W238 antero-inner-lateral flange, W6 Astrophora, W206
Aglaopheniolites, WI83 Antholithina, W232 Astropolithon, W184
Alcyonidiopsis, Wl94 anticusp, W6 Atikokania, W232
Aleetoruridae, Wl80 Anzalia, W223 Atollites, WI84
Aleetorurus, W220 Apatognathus, WS3 attachment scar, W7
Algaeites, W179, Wl87 apex, W6 Aulaeomerella, W139
Algites, W220 Aphelognathus, WS6 Aulacophyeus, W208
Amanlisia, W238 Aphrodita, WISI Aulichnites, WI85
Amansites, W238 Aphroditidae, W146, WI 51 AUSTIN, WIOO
Ambalodus, WS8 Aphrostoma, W226 Avignathus, WSO
Ambrolinevitus, WI27 apical cone, W7 axis, WIO
Amiskwia, W148 apical denticle, W7 azygous node, WIO
Amiskwidae, W148 apical lamella, W7
Amiskwiidae, W146, W148 apical lip, W7 Bactrognathus, W40, W46
Amorphognathus, WS8 apical pit, W7 Bactrotheca, WI2S
Ampelichnus,W238 Apodichnites, W220 Bactryllium, W223
Amphictene, WI63 appressed denticles, W7 Baieropsis, W236
Amphictenidae, W146, WI63 apron, W7 Balanoglossites, WI8S
Amphinome, WI53 Arabellites, W149 Balognathinae, W42, W62
Amphinomidae, W146, WI53 arch, W7 Balognathus, W39, W62
Ancyrodella, W32, W40, WS8, Archaeonassa, W183 Banffia, WI69
wn, W89 Archaeophyton, W232 bar, WIO
Ancyrodelloides, WS8 Archaeorrhiza, W238 Barella, W132
Ancyrognathus, W40, W58, W83, Archaeoscolex, W238 BARRANDE, WIOO, WI07, Wl16
W86 Archaeozoon, W226 bar teeth, WIO
Aneyroides, W58, W248 Archarenicola, WI63 basal attachment scar, WIO
Aneyrolepis, W248 Areheognathus, W65 basal canalules, WIO
Aneyropenta, W58 Arcugnathus, W46 basal cavity, WIO, Wl7
Angulodus, WSS Arenicola, WI63 basal cavity inverted, WIO
ANNELIDA, W145, W146, Arenicolidae, W146, WI63 basal cone, WIO, Wl8
W148 Arenicolites, W182, WI83 basal excavation, WIO

© 2009 University of Kansas Paleontological Institute

Index W251
basal expansion, WIO b-side, WIO Chirognathus, W25, W52
basal groove, WIO Bucinella, W238 Chloephycus, W232
basal margin, WlO Buthotrephis, WI87 Chloraema, WI63
basal plate, WlO, W17, WI8 buttress, WlO Chloraemidae, WI46, WI63
W89, W90 Byronia, WI63 Chondrides, WI87
base, WlO Bythotrephis, WI87 Chondrites, WI79, WI80, WI87,
basis, WlO W220
"Basishaft{liiche," W90 CalcideIetrix, W228 Chondropogon, WI87
Bassaenia, WI85 CaIciroda, W228 Chondrostoma, W226
BASSLER, W26, W3I, W32, W7I, Calvasia, W234 Chordophyllites, W239
W228 CALYPTOPTOMATIDA, WlOI, Chrossocarda, WI89
Batrachioides, W232 W1l6, WI23 Chrossochorda, WI89
Batrachoides, W232 Camasia, W232 Chrossocorda, WI89
Batracoides, W232 Camerotheca, WI20, W130 Chuaria, W232
Beaumontella, W238 CAMEROTHECIDA, WIOI, Circotheca, WI25
Beaumontia, W238 WI23, WI29 Cirratulidae, WI46, WI62
BECKMANN, W20, W21, W24, Camerothecidae, WIOI, W130 Cirratulus, WI63
W28, W32 CAMEROTHECINA, WIOI, Cladognathus, W47
Belodella, W45 WI23, W130 Clathrati, W107, WII5
Belodidae, W45 Camptocladus, WI87 ClathrocoeIia, W139
BeIodina, W246 Camptosalpinx, WI56 Clavohamulus, W65
Belodina, W45 Campylites, WI63 Cleidotheca, WI24
BeIodontidae, W32, W39, W42, Canadia, WI65 Clematischnia, WI87
W45, W246 Canadidae, WI65 Cleodora, WI24
Belodus, W45, W86, W89 Canadiidae, W146, WI65 Climachtichnites, WI88
Beloraphe, WI86 cancellated structure, WIO Climacodichnus, WI88
BeIorhaphe, WI86 Cancellophycus, W220 Climactichnides, WI88
Beltina, W238 Cardiodella, W56 Climactichnites, WI88
Bergaueria, WI86 Cardiodus, W56 Clioderma, W139
Bertiella, WI65 Carelozoon, W239 Cliona, W230
Biconulites, W138 Caridolites, WI87 Clionoides, W230
Bifasciculus, WI86 carina, WIO Clionolithes, W230
Biferculipes, WI86 Carinolithes, WI20, WI24 Clistrocystis, W223
Biformites, WI86 Caulerpa, WI87 Coarctau, WID7, WIIO
Bifungites, WI86 Caulerpides, WI87 COBBOLD, W1l6
Bifurcalipes, WI86 Caulerpites, WI87 Cochlea, WI88
Bifurculapes, WI86 Caulostrepsis, W228 Cochlichnus, WI88
Bifurculipes, WI86 Cavernaecola, W2IO Codites, W240
BILLINGS, W1l7 cavity, WlO Codonophycus, W226
Bilobichnium, WI89 Cavusgnathus, W2I, W40, W62, Coelenteratella, W223
Bilobites, WI89 W65, W72, W73, W85 Coelocerodontus, W63
Bipesia, W238 cells, WIO, W21 Coenoplase, W226
Bipezia, W238 Cementula, WI56 Coleodidae, W45
BISCHOFF, W40 central carina, WIO Coleodontidae, W32, W42, W45
Bisulcus, W232 central cusp, WlO Coleodontinae, W42, W45
Bitubulites, W238 central pit, WIO Coleodus, W45
blade, WIO central tooth, WlO Coleolidae, WIDI, W133
blade parapet, WIO Centrodus, W64 Coleoloides, WIOO, W132,
Blastophycus, WI87 Centrognathodus, W56 W133, W134
body fossil, WIn Centrognathus, W56 Coleolus, WIOO, W132 W133
Boliviana, W238 Centrotheca, WI24 W134 "
Bolonia, W215 Ceramites, W223 Coleoprion, W133, W134
Bostrichophyton, WI87 Ceratophycus, W2I5 Coleoprion, W134
Bostricophyton, WI87 Ceratotheca, WI20, WI24 Collenia, W226
Boteillites, WI87 Ceratothecidae, WlOI, WI24 COLLINSON, W86
Bovicornellum, W223 Cervicornoides, W47 Cololites, W202
Brachyzapfes, W228 Cestites, W223 compound conodont, WIO
Branmehla, W40, W46 CHAETOGNATHA, W146, Conchicolites, W137
BRANSON, C. C., W70, W76 WH8 Conchopeltis, WlOO
BRANSON, E. B., W5, WI9, W24, Chaetophorites, W228 Conchotrema, W230
W25, W38, W39, W40, W42, Chaetosaloinx, WI56 Conchyophycus, W240
W70, W7I, W78, W85, W96 "Charace primitive," W224 cone, WIO
Bransonella, W65 Charnia, W223 cone axis, WIO
Broeckia, W206 Charniodiscus, W223 cone cavity, WIO, WI8
BRYANT, W7I, W72 Charruia, WHO cone filling, WlO, WI8
Bryantodina, W56 Chauviniopsis, W239 Confervides, WI88
Bryantodus, W32, W55, W65, Chirognathidae, W52 Confervites, WI88
W7I, wn Chirognathinae, W42, W52 conical node, WlO

© 2009 University of Kansas Paleontological Institute

W252 Miscellanea
CONICONCHIA, WIOI Cryptozoon, W226 Diplocraterion, Wl92
Conodont c-side, WIO Diplododella, W50
affinities, W78 Ctenichnites, W234 Diplopodichnus, Wl92
coprolitic assemblages, W70, Ctenognathodus, W56, W248 Diplotheca, WI20, WBO
W76 Ctenognathus, W56, W248 Diplothecidae, WIOI, W130
discrete, W92 Ctenopolygnathus, W59 DIPLOTHECINA, WIOI, WI23,
generic definition, W70, W80, Ctenoscolex, WI51 WBO
W83, W92 Cubichnia, Wl81 Dipodichnites, W220
natural assemblages, W70, Cunicularius, Wl89 Discinella, WB2
W76, W92 cup, WlO Discophorites, W200
paired, wn, W75 Cupulicyclus, W234 Discophycus, W240
specific definition, W70, W83 Curculidium, W224 Discouvermetulus, Wl56
subspecific definition, W83, Curculionites, W224 discrete denticles, WIO
W92 Curtognathus, W53 distacodid, WIO
taxonomic problems, W78 Curvolithus, WI89, W215 Dutacodidae, W43, W86
Conodonten, W3 cusp, WlO distacodontid, WIO
CONODONTIFORMES, W25, Cyathospongia, W234 Distacodontidae, W3I, W39,
W42 Cyclopuncta, W240 W42, W43, W246
CONODONTOPHORIDA, W25, Cycloserpula, W 155 Distacodus, W39, W43
W32, W4I, W42, W43 Cyclozoon, W201 Distomodus, W63
Conophyton, W226 Cylindricum, WI89 Ditrupa, Wl56
Conopsoides, WI88 Cylindrites, WI90 Ditrupula, Wl56
Conostichus, W223 Cymaderma, W215 Dodecaceria, Wl63
Conostychus, W223 Cyrtoniodontinae, W42, W4S Dolatophycus, W226
Contractenus, WI13 Cyrtoniodus, W4S Doliognathus, W59
Conularia, WIOO Cyrtotheca, WHO Dollymae, W40, W62
Conulariidae, WIOO, WIOI Domichnia, Wl81
COOPER, W40 WI08, WI09, Wl14 Dorsoserpula, WI55
Cooperia, W233 Dactylethra, WI64 double keel, Wll
Copeza, WI89 Dactyloidites, W240 Dreginozoum, Wl92
Cophinus, W240 Dactylophycus, Wl90 Drepanodus, W39, W43
Copperia, W233 Daedalus, Wl91 Dryalus, W240
Coprinisphaera, WI89 Daemonelix, WI91 Dryphenotus, W62
Coprolithus, W220, W224 Daemonhelix, WI91 d-side, WIO
Coprulus, W220 Daimonelix, Wl91 Du BOIS, W28, W30, W70,
Cordylodus, W45, W86 Dasycladites, W240 W75, W76, W78
Cornudina, W248 Def/ectolepis, W60 Duboisella, W37, W65, wn,
Cornulitella, WB7 Delesserella, WI91 W73, W74, W79, W93, W95,
Cornulites, W99, W·I07, WB7 Delesserites, Wl91 W96, W97
Cornulitidae, WIOI, W136 Delesserites, WI91 Duovestigia, W240
Cornuramia, W63 DELGADO, WI80 Durvillides, WI92
Corophioides, WI89 DEMANET, W33 Dystactophycus, W240
Corophites, WI89 "demireliej," WI79
Corophium, WI82 Dendrina, W230 EATON, WI06
Corophyoides, WI89 Dendrophycus, W234 Ebetallites, Wl54
Corticites, W234 Dendrotichnium, WI91 EICHENBERG, W33, W70, wn,
Corycinium, W224 DENHAM, W30 W78
Corycium, W224 dental plate, WIO EICHWALD, WIOO, W116
Cosmoraphe, WI89 dental unit, WIO Eione, W218
Cosmorhaphe, Wl89 denticle, WIO Elictognathus, W20, W40, W56
costa, WIO Denticulites, WllO ELLISON, W5, WI9, W25, W26,
Crassilina, W1l6 Dermatolithis, W65 W3I, W36, W39, W4I, W84,
Crassopodia, WI89 DE SAPORTA, WI80 W86, W96
Crenobaculus, W240 Desmograpton, WI9l Ellisonia, W50
Creseis, W133 Dichognathus, W56 Eisonella, W51
crest, WlO Dicricoconus, W1l4 Emmonsaspis, W224
CRICOCONARIDA, WIOI, Dictuolites, W234 Enchostoma, WB9
WI07, WI09 Dictyodora, WI9l Enchytraeidae, WI46, Wl67
crimp, WIO Dictyoporus, W230 Enchytraeus, Wl68
Criophycus, W201 DIEBEL, W38, W39 Endosacculus, W224
cristula, WlO Digitolithus, W240 Entalium, WI59
CRONEIS, W36, W78 Dimorphichnus, Wl91 Entobia, W230
Crossochorda, WI89 Dinocochlea, W234 Eobelodina, W248
Dinodus, W56 Eocladophora, W240
Crossopodia, Wl89 Dinoscolites, Wl51 Eoclathrus, W234
Cruziana, WI89 Diopatraites, Wl49 Eoicll1lites, W234
Cryptocaris, WI25 Diplichnites, Wl91 Eoligonodina, W50
Cryptosiphon, Wl61 Diploconcha, Wl56 Eophyton, WI77, W234

© 2009 University of Kansas Paleontological Institute

Index W253
Eopolychaetus, Wl67 Genicularia, Wl57 Haileyia, WI70
Eopteris, W234 Geniculatus, W40, W56 Halichondrites, W234
EOPTEROPODA, WIOO, WIOI, germ denticles, Wll Halimedides, W200
WI07 Gilbertina, W216 Halimedopsis, W24I
Eospicula, W234 Gitonia, Wl57 HALL, WIOO, WI07, WIl6,
Eotrophonia, Wl63 Gleichenophycus, W240 WIl7, W133
Eozoon, W177, W232, W234 Glenodictyum, W208 Halleia, W235
Ephemerites, Wl92 GLOBORILIDA, WIOI, WI23, Halopoa, W200
Epitrachys, Wl70 Wl29 Halymenidium, W206
Equihenia, WI96 Globorilidae, WIOI, Wl29 Halysichnus, W200
erect, Wll Globorilus, WI20, Wl29 Halysium, W224
Erismodus, W53 Gloeocapsomorpha, W234 Hamipes, W200
ERRANTIDA, WI45, W146, Glomerula, WI 57 Hammatopsis, WI63
W14S Glossitungites, W21 0 Hamulosodina, W50
Erstanlage, W90 Glossophycus, W220 Hamulus, WI57
escutcheon, Wll Glycera, Wl54 HANTZSCHEL, WI80, WI83
Eterodictyon, W210 Glyceridae, WI46, Wl54 Harlania, WI84
Eugyrichnites, Wl92 Glycerites, Wl54 Harpagopus, W240
Eunicites, W149 Gnamptognathus, W248 Harpepus, W200
Euprioniodina, W50 Gnathodella, W59 HASS, W20, W26, W40, W89,
Eurypterella, W240 Gnathodidae, W6I W97
expanded pulp cavity, Wll Gnathodontidae, W38, W6I Harttia, W139
Gnathodus, WI4, W32, W37, Harttites, W139
Falcodus, W56, W72 W38, W40, W62, W72, W73, Haughtonia, W2I5
Falcula, WI 57 W75, W79 HAWLEY, W4I
Falodus, W54 Gnathodus, W247 heel, Wll
fang, Wll Gondolella, W39, W40, W4I, height, Wll
FAUL, WI82 W60, W65, W72, W73, W85, Helenia, WIOO, WI24
Favreina, W224 W86 Helicodaemon, WI9I
FAY, W2I, W70 Goniadichnites, Wl94 Helicodromites, W200
U Feather-stitch trail," W220 Goniodontus, W63 Helicolithus, W200
Fe1ixium, Wl93 Goniophycus, WI90 Heliophycus, WI84
Fengtienia, W240 Gordia, Wl94 Helminthites, W220
Fermoria, W240 Gordiidae, WI46, W147 He1minthoida, W200
fibrous conodont, Wll, W25 GORDIOIDA, WI46, W147 Helminthoidea, W200
Filograna, Wl56 Gordioides, W240 Helminthoides, W200
Filogranula, WI56 Gordiopsis, WI94 Helminthoidichnites, WI94
Filuroda, W230 Gordius, W147 Helmintholithes, W220
first-order denticles, Wll Gothaniella, W234 Helmintholites, W220
Flabellaria, W234 Gothodus, W4S Helminthopsis, W200
Flabellophycus, W220 Gouldina, W226 Helmintoidea, W200
flange, Wll Gracilerectus, W240 Helmintopsis, W200
FLtiGEL, W40 Grammepus, Wl94 HELMS, W86
Fodinichnia, WISI Grammichnus, W234 Helviensia, W24I
Foralues, W208, W218 Granifer, W240 Hensonella, W224
Forchhammera, W234 Granularia, Wl94 Hercorphaphe, WI80, W220
Formes decoupees, W224 Graphoglypten, WI80, W220 Hermella, WI55
Fortscottella, W65 Greysonia, W234 Hermellidae, W146, WI55
Fraena, Wl93 GRINNELL, W2I Herpetonites, W200
free blade, Wll GROSS, WI8, W33, W89 Herpystezoum, WI94
FRIZZELL, W36 growth axis, Wll Hertzina, W246
Froena, WI93 growth center, Wll Hesionites, WI70
Fruticristatum, W240 growth lamella, Wll Heteroctenus, WII4
FUCHS, WI79, WI80 growth lines, Wll Heterognathus, W46
FUCINI, WI80, W232 Guerichina, Wll5 HexapodKhnus, W200
Fucoides, WI79, WI80, WI82, Guilie1mites, W234 Hexaserpula, WI55
WI93 GUNNELL, W96 Heydonius, W14S
Fucopsis, WI94 GURICH, WI07 Hibbardella, W50, W65, W71,
Fucusopsis, Wl94 Guttolithus, W240 W72, W89, W95
Furca, W240 Gymnosolen, W226 Hibbardellidae, W50
FURNISH, W39 Gyrichnites, Wl96 Hibbardellinae, W42, W50
Furnishina, W246 Gyrochorda, WI96 Hicetes, WI 57
Furnishius, W56 Hieroglyphs, W220
Gyrochorte, WI96 hieroglyphs, WI78, WI80
furrow, Wll
fused denticles, Wll Gyrodendron, W220 Himanthalites, W200
Gyrognathus, W54 HINDE, W37, W71
Galeolaria, Wl56 Gyrolithes, W200 Hindeodella, W30, W32, W39,
Gallatinia, W234 Gyromices, WI60 W46, W65, W71, W72, W73,
Gaussia, W234 Gyrophyllites, W200 W74, W75, W78

© 2009 University of Kansas Paleontological Institute

W254 Miscellanea
Hindeodellinae, W42, W46 Idiognathodontidae, W17, W42, Lapworthella, W138, WI64
Hindeodelloides, W50 W6I lateral bar, Wll
Hindeodina, W46 Idiognathodontinae, W42, W62 lateral blade, Wll
Hippodophycus, W24I Idiognathodus, W4I, W62, W65, lateral branch, Wll
Hirmeria, W235 W72, W73, W80 lateral carina, Wll
Hirudella, W146 Idiognathoides, W41, W62 lateral costae, Wll
Hirudopsis, WI70 Idioprioniodus, W50 lateral edge, Wll
Histioderma, W200 Ildraites, WI54 lateral expansion, Wll
HOLM, WIOO, WIl6 Illinella, W37, W65, W72, W73, lateral face, Wll
Holmesella, W65 W74 lateral keel, Wll
holoconodont, W89 Incisifex, W20I lateral limb, Wll
Holodontus, W48 inferior side, Wll la teral process, Wll
Homoctenidae, WIOl, WI05, infero-anterior denticle, Wll lateral ridge, WII
WI08, WIlO Innen-Spuren, WI79 lateral side, Wll
Homoctenus, WI02, WIlO inner basal ridge, Wll lateral wing, Wll
Hoplichnus, W24I inner face, Wll Latouchella, W139
horizontal basis, WIl inner lateral bar, Wll Lebensspur, WI78
horizontal section, WIl inner lateral face, Wll Lebensspuren, W179, W180,
Hormosiroidea, W241 inner lateral lamina, Wll W182, W183, W243
HOWELL, WI20 inner lateral process, WIl Lecathylus, WI70
Howellitubus, WI57 inner parapet, Wll Leckwyckia, W224
HUCKRIEDE, W40, W41 inner platform, Wll Legnodesmus, W146
HUDDLE, W31 inner side, Wll t.enaella, W224
Humilis, WI91 Interconulites, W235 length, Wll
Hyalinaecites, WI52 interior limb, Wll Lennea, W20I
Hydrancylus, W200 Iquitosia, WI55 Lentitheca, W125
Hydrocytium, W24I Isopodichnus, W20I Leodice, WI49
Hydroides, WI57 lsopodichnus, W205 Leodicidae, W146, W149
Hylopus, W241 ltieria, W241 Leodicites, WI49
Hyolithacea, Wl23 Lepidenteron, WI6I
HYOLlTHELLlDA, W130, W132 JAMES, WI79, WI80, Wl82 Lepidotruncus, W24I
Hyolithellidae, WiOl, W132 jaw, Wll Lepocraterion, W218
Hyolithellus, WIOO, W132, W133 Jereminella, WI 57 Lepodus, W65
HYOLITHELMINTHES, WIOI, Josephella, WI57 Lepognathodus, W65
W130 Leptochirognathus, W39, W48
HYOLITHIDA, WIOI, WI23, Keckia, W20I Leptochondrides, Wl87
W132 keel, WIl Leptophycus, W241
Hyolithidae, WIOO, WIOI, W124 keel angle, Wll lesser denticles, Wll
Hyolithes, WIOO, WIOI, WIl7, Keilorites, WI55 LESSERTISSEUR, W179, W181,
WI24, W132 Keiloritidae, W146, WI55 W243
HYOLITHINA, WiOI, WI23 Keislognathus, W48 Leuconoe, W241
Hyolithis, Wl24 Kettnerites, W149 Lewistownella, W29, W37, W65,
Hyolithoconularia, WI40 Khemisina, WI63 W72, W73, W74, W75
HYOLlTHOlDEA, W116, W132 KIDERLEN, WIOO LicropllyCUS, W208
Hyolithus, WI24 Kinneyia, W236 Ligonodina, W32, W39, W50,
Hypornithes, W201 KIRK, W31 W65, W72, W93, W96, W97
Kirklandia, W20I Ligonodininae, W42, W50
lchnia, Wl82 Kladognathus, W40, W47 Ligonodinoides, W54
lchnispica, W201 Klakesia, WI70 limb, Wll
lchnites (lchnytes) , W220 KNIGHT, WIOO Limuludichnulus, W201
lchnium, W182, W220 Kockelella, W39, W62 Limuludichnus, W201
ichnocoenosis, WI78 Kolihaia, W138 LINDBERG, W26
Ichnocumulus, W200 Kouphichnium, W20I LINDSTROM, W17, W39
ichnofossil, WI78 Krauselia, W236 Linevitus, WI27
Ichnolites, WI78 KREJCI-GRAF, Wl81 linguiform process, WII
ichnolithology, WI78 Krishnania, W24I lip, WII
ichnology, WI78 KUENEN, WI81 Lissonites, W21 0
Ichnophycus, W241 Kulindrichnus, W20I Lithochela, W210
Ichnyspica, W20I Kygmaeoceras, W130 Lithodictuon, W236
Ichthyoidichnites, W201 Lithodictyon, W24I
Icriodella, W39, W62 Labyrinthochorda, Wl87 Lithographus, W20I
Laevicyclus, W20I Lithostachys, W24I
lcriodidae, W62 lobe, WIl
Laggania, WI67
Icriodina, W39, W62 Lambdagnathus, W57 Lochriea, W29, W37, W65,
Icriodontinae, W42, W62 lamella, Wll, W17, W24, W25 W72, W73, W74, W75, W78
Icriodus, W32, W40, W62, W85, lamellar conodont, Wll Lockeia, W208
W89 Laminarites, W24I Lockportia, WI64
lcthyodus, W65 Laminopsis, W24I Lombardia, W224
Idiognathinae, W6I, W62 Lapispira, W20I Lonchidium, WIIO

© 2009 University of Kansas Paleontological Institute

Index W255
Lonchodina, W53, W65, W7I, MEHL, W5, WI9, W24, W25, Nemausina, W241
W72, W73, W95, W96 W38, W39, W40, W42, W70, NEMERTA, W146
Lonchodininae, W42, W53 W7I, W78, W85, W96 Nemertilites, W215
Lonchodus, W32, W64, W65, Mehlina, W56 Nemertites, WI91
wn, W73 Melanostrophus, WI64 Neocoleodus, W25, W64
Lonchosaccus, W224 Membranites, W236 Neocordylodus, W50
Longitubus, WI58 Mercierella, WI58 Neomicrorbis, WI58
longitudinal plication, WI2 Meringosoma, Wl53 Neonereites, W205
longitudinal ridge, WI2 Mermis, W148 Neopilina, WIOI
longitudinal section, W12 Mermithidae, WI46, Wl48 Neoprioniodontinae, W42, W48
LOOMIS, W28 Merostomichnites, W205 Neoprioniodus, W2I, W32, W40,
Lophoctenium, W201 Mesichnium, W205 W48, W65, W7I, wn, W79,
Lorenzinia, W202 Mestognathus, W40, W60 W93, W95, W96
Louisella, WI70 Metalonchodina, W54, W65, Nereidae, WI46, WI51
lower anterior denticle, WI2 wn, W79, W93, W95, W96, Nereidavus, WI51
lower side, WI2 W97 Nereis, W151
lower surface, WI2 Metaprioniodus, W47 Nereiserpula, W215
Loxodus, W39, W48, W86 Metastyliolina, W1l6 Nereites, WI87, W205
Loxognathus, W50 Micrapium, W241 Nereitopsis, W241
Lumbricaria, W202 Mierichnum, W201 Nereograpsus, W205
Lumbricites, W202 Mierichnus, W201 Nereograptus, W205
Lumbriconereidae, WI46, WI51 Microcoelodus, W45 Nericodus, W64
Lumbriconereis, WI51 Mieroconchus, Wl60 NEUMAYR, WIOO
Lumbriconereites, WI51 middle cusp, WI2 NEURODONTlFORMES, W25,
Lumbricopsis, WI68 MILLER, W41 W42
Lunula, W203 Miskoia, Wl65 Newlandia, W236
LYASHENKO, WIOI, WI07, WI08 M1SKOlDA, WI65 Nimbtu, W241
Lyerophycus, W208 Miskoidae, WI65 Nisea, W241
MISKOllDA, WI46, W165 node, WI2
Miskoiidae, WI46, WI65 Nodognathus, W57
MCCONNELL, WI8 Mixoconus, W44 nodose denticles, Wl2
Machairodia, W43 Mobergella, W132 Notaculites, W2I8
MaC'hairodus, W43 MOLLUSCA, WI01 Nothognathella, W60
Macrocystites, W241 Monoeraterion, W218 Nothrites, W152
Maeropolygnathus, W58 MONOPLACOPHORA, WIOI NOVAK, W116
Macrotheca, Wl40 Montfortia, W205 Novakia, W115
MAGDEFRAU, W228 MOORE, W36, W70, W79, W80, NOVAKllDA, W114
Magarikune, W200 WIOO Novakiidae, WII5
main carina, WI2 Muensteria, W205, Nowakia, WIOO, W1l5
main crest, WI2 MULLER, W33, W34, W35, W38, Nowakiidae, WIOI, WI08,
main cusp, W12 W39, W40, W4I, W86, W92, WI09, W1l5
main denticle, W12 W247 Nucleocavia, W220
main keel, W12 Multiconus, W1l4 Nullipontes, WI87
main middle cusp, Wl2 Multidentodus, W65 Nygmites, W230
main series of denticles, W12 Multioistodus, W45
main trough, Wl2 Murchisonites, W205 Octopodichnus, W205
major denticles, Wl2 Mycelites, W230 ODONTOMORPHA, WIOO,
Malacostroma, W226 Myelophycus, W220 WIOI
Manchuriophycus, W236 Myrianytes, W205 Oelandia, W139
Manticolepis, W60 Myriapodites, W205 Oenonites, W150
Margaretia, W225 Myriodocites, W205 Oepikodus, W52
Marlenites, Wl53 MYZOSTOMIA, WI46, Wl67 Oesia, WI63
Marphysaites, Wl49 Myzostomidae, WI46, WI67 Oistodus, W44, W248
Mastocarpites, W241 Myzostomites, W167 Oldhamia, W205
Matthevia, WI20, Wl28 Myzostomum, W167 OLlGOCHAETlA, WI46, Wl67
Mattheviidae, WIOI, Wl28 Oligodus, W57
MATTHEVINA, WIOI, WI23, NAEF, WIOO Oligoplectus, Wl48
Wl28 Naites, W241 Oliveirania, WI65
MATTHEW, WIOO, W116, W117, Nannoconus, W225 Olivellites, W215 (see Scolicia)
W119 Nanopus, W241 Olkenbachia, W230
median branch, W12 NATHORST, WI79, WI80, W243 Oncophorus, W205
median carina, W12 navel, W12 Oneotodus, W43
Nawnites, WI51 Oniscoidichnus, W205
median cone, WI2
Neantia, W236 Onuphididae, WI46, W152
median longitudinal section, WI2 Nemapodia, W205 Onuphis, WI52
median ridge, Wl2 NEMATOIDA, WI46, Wl47 Ophiomorpha, W205
Medusichnites, W234 Nematolites, W241 Ophiomorpha, W205
Medusina, W205 NEMATOMORPHA, WI46, oral, WI2
Medusites, W202 Wl47 oral bar, W12

© 2009 University of Kansas Paleontological Institute

W256 Miscellanea
oral denticles, W12 Paleodict}'on, W180, W182, Phycoidella, W241
oral edge, W12 W208 Phycopsis, Wl87
oral margin, W12 Paleoenonites, W150 Phycosiphon, W208
oral side, W12 Paleohelcura, W208 Phyllitites, W236
oral surface, W12 Paleoipidus, W230 Phyllochorda, W2IS
oral trough, W12 Paleomeandron, W208 Phyllodoce, W154
"Organisme B," W224 Paloonereites, W152 Phyllodocidae, W146, W154
Ormathichnus, W207 Palco~ycus, W208 Phyllodocites, W210
Ornatoporta, W158 Paleosceptron, W208 Phyllonia, W210
Ornichnites, W201 Paleoscolytus, W231 Phymatoderma, W187, W206
Orthocaris, W241 palichnology, W179, W243 Phynophyats, ~'220
Orthoce.-as, Wl24 Paliurus, W159 Physophycus, W220
Orthogonium, W226 Palmacites, W236 Phytocalyx, W236
Orthopelta, W150 Palmanthium, W236 Phytopsis, W210
Orthotheca, WIOO, W125 Palmatodella, W40, W54 Piaella, W236
Orthothecidae, WIOI, W120, Palmatolepis, W17, W40, W60, Pichynella, W140
W125 W83, W84, W86, W89, W90 Pikaia, W163
Ortonia, W137 Palmichnium, W208 Pikaidae, Wl63
Osagia, W226, W236 Paltodus, W39, W44 Pikaiidae, W146, W163
Ostrakichnites, W207 PANDER, W3, W21, W31, W39 PILSBRY, W28
Ottawella, W150 Panderodella, W40, W60 Pinacodus, WS8
Ottawina, W155 Panderodus, W44 Pinacognathus, W40, W58
Ottoia, W169 Pandorina, WS7 pinnate, W12
Ottoidae, Wl69 Pandorinellina, W57 pit, W12
Ottoiidae, W146, W169 Panescorea, W236 Placostegus, W159
Ottonosia, W226 Panescorsea, W236 Plagiogmus, W210
Oulodus, W54 Paoshanella, W134 Planolites, W210
outer anterior spur, W12 Papilionata, W241 plate, W12
outer basal ridge, W12 Parachirognathus, W52, W248 platelike conodont, W12
outer face, W12 PARACONODONTlDA, W248 platform, W12
ou ter la teral face, W12 Paracordylodus, W48 Platyrhynchus, W242
outer lateral lamina, W12 Paraglycerites, W154 Plat}'solenites, W165
outer lateral process, W12 Paramedusium, W226 Plectidae, W146, W148
outer parapet, W12 Paramphibius, W201 Plectodina, W49
outer platform, W12 Paranereites, W152 Plectospathodus, W56
outer side, W12 parapet, W12 Plectus, W148
outward side, W12 parataxa, W36, W37, W76, Plegagnathus, W246
Oxyuridae, W146, W148 W81, W93, W247 PLESIOTHECA, W146, W167
Oxyuris, W148 Paraterebella, W161 PLUMMER, W2S, W28, W31
Ozarkodina, W30, W39, W56, Parinassa, W208 Pollingeria, WI67
W6S, W71, wn Parkettierunif, Wl81 Polycampton, W210
Parmophorella, W139 Polycaulodus, W64
Pachysomia, W48 Parmorphella, Wl39 Polychaetaspis, W149
Palaeachlya, W230 "parqueting," Wl81 POLYCHAETIA, W14S, W146,
Palaenigma, W139 PARSCH, WISS W148
Palaeobalanus, W226 Parvancorina, W226 Polychaetura, W149
Palaeobullia, W21 S Pascichnia, W181 Polycylindrites, W1l3
Palaeochaeta, W154 Paulinites, W148 Polydora, W163
Palaeochondrites, Wl87 Paulinitidae, W146, W148 Polydorites, W228
Palaeochorda, Wl94 PEARSE, Wl46 Polygnathellus, W54
Palacochordia, Wl94 Pectinaria, W163 Polygnathidae, W33, W38,
Palacoerista. W207 Pelecypodichnus, W182, W208 W40, W42, W58, W246
Palacodictyon, W208 Pelekysgnathus, W54 Polygnathinac, WS8
Palacodictyum, W208 PELSENEER, WIOO Polygnathodella, W41, W62
Palaeodychon, W208 Pennatulites, W208 Polygnathoides, W39, W60
Palacomacandron, W208 Pentaserpula, WISS Polygnathus, W32, W37, W38,
Palaeonereis, W241 Peridon, W49 W40, W4I, W43, W58, W71,
Palaeophycus, W208 Permichnium, W208 W79, W83, W84, W8S, W86,
Palacorbis, Wl60 Pernerites, W150 W89, W90
Palaeosabella, W230 Petalichnus, W208 Polygonolites, W236
Palaeoscolecidae, W146, W170 Pharetrella, W130 Polykampton, W210
Palaeoscolex, W170 Pharctrium, WIS9 Polylophodonta, W40, W61
Palaeosemaeostoma, W208 PHASMIDIA, WI46, W148 Polylopia, W134
Palaeosigma, W150 PHILLIPS, W2S, W26, W28 Polyplacognathus, W58
Palacospongia, W208 Pholeus, W208 Polypodichnites, W221
Palaeotrochis, W236 Phragmodus. W49 Pomatoceros, W159
Palaxius, W226 Phragmosalpinx, W159 Pontobdellopsis, W167
Paleobuprestis, W230 Phragmotheca, W130 Porocystis, W226
Palcochorda, Wl91 Phycodes, W208 Portelia, W242

© 2009 University of Kansas Paleontological Institute

Index W257
posterior, W12 Pseudopolygnathus, W40, W61 W76, W78, W79, W80, W83,
posterior bar, W12 Pseudopolyporus, W236 W92
posterior blade, W12 Pseudorthotheca, W133, W165 Rhombocorniculum, W248
posterior deflection, W12 Pterichnus, W210 Rhynchognathodus, W49
posterior denticles, W12 Pteridichnites, W210 Rhynehognathus, W49
posterior downward deflection, Pteridinium, W226 Rhysophyeus, W212
W12 Pteridium, W226 RICHTER, WI79, WI80, WI81
posterior edge, W12 Pteroeonus, W45 ridge, W13
posterior inner bar, W12 Pteropelta, W151 rim, W13
posterior inner lateral bar, W12 PTEROPODA, WIOO Rivularites, W236
posterior keel, W12 Pterotheca, W139 ROEMER, W133
posterior limb, W13 Pterygotheca, WI20, W127 Rogerella, W231
posterior margin, W13 Pterygothecidae, WIOI, W127 ROHON, W28
posterior oral bar, W13 Ptilichnus, W242 Rosagnathus, W52
posterior outer bar, W13 Ptiloconus, W45 Rosselia, W211
posterior outer lateral bar, W13 Ptilognathus, W64 rostral ridge, W13
posterior outer lateral process, Ptychoplasma, W242 Rotularia, W159
W13 Pucksia, W242 Rouaultia, W212
posterior platform, W13 Pugiuneulus, WI24 Roundya, W51, W89
posterior process, W13 pulpa, W13 RUEDEMANN, W1l9
posterior side, W13 pulp cavity, W13, Wl7 Ruedemannella, W165
posterior wing, W13 Punctatumvestigium, W242 rugae, W13
postero-outer-Iateral flange, W13 pustule, W13 Rushtonia, W133, W165
Pravognathus, W46 PUTZER, WI82 Rusiehnites, W212
principal denticle, W13 Pycnostroma, W226 Rusophycus, W212
PrioniodeUa, W54, W65, W72 Pygodus, W65, W248 Rysophycus, W212
Prioniodidae, W38, W55 Pyrgopolon, W159
Prioniodina, W54, W65, W86 PyrUonema, W230 Sabella, W155
Prioniodinidae, W32, W42, PyrophyUites, W2IO Sabellaria, W155
W53 Sabellarifex, W2H
Prioniodontidae, W32, W38, Quadrotheca, W125 Sabellarites, W215
W42, W55 Quallites, W242 SabeUarites, W214
Prioniodontidae, W55 Quilicanella, WHO Sabellidae, WI46, W155
Prioniodontinae, W42, W55 Quinquelithes, W130 Sabellidites, W165
Prioniodus, W37, W38, W43, Saccophycus, W242
W55, W72, W79 Rabdiehnites, W234 Saerichnites, W215
Prioniognathus, W65 Radicites, W242 Sagittodontus, W64
Prionognathodus, W65 Radicopsis, W242 Sagittarius, W215
Pristognathus, W55 Radiophyton, W242 Sagittichnus, WI82, W215
Proacodus, W246 Radix, W242 Sagminaria, W220
Problematica, W178, W180, Randomia, W139 Salmacina, W159
W243 Rangea, W226 Salopiella, W134, W165
Problematoconites, W248 RaufeUa, W242 Saltator, W242
Proehondrites, Wl87 RauflelIa, W242 SALTER, W1l7
proclined, W13 recline, W13 SANDBERGER, W133
Pronaidites, W167 Rectogloma, W226 SANNEMANN, W40
Pronereites, W152 recurved, W13 Saporria, W215, W220
Propolynoe, W170 Redoubtia, W170 Sarcionata, W170
PROS011fE~, W146, W167 Repichnia, W181 Scalarituba, W215
Protadelaidea, W236 restoration or regeneration of Scaliognathus, W40, W61
Protarabellites, W151 parts, W13 Scandodus, W44
Proterebella, W162 Reticulum, W21 0 Scaphignathus, W246
Proterula, W159 Retiofueus, W208 Scenella, W139
Prodehnides, W210 Retiphyeus, W208 Scenellopsis, WHO
Protichnites, W210 Reynella, W236 SCHAFER, WI80
ProtoboleUa, W240 REXROAD, W40, W85 Schafleria, W236
Protonympha, W151 RHABDITlDA, W146, WH8 Schizoproboscina, W170
Protopalaeodietyon, W210 Rhabdoglyphen, W221 SCHLOTHEIM, WlOO, WI05,
Protopalaeodietyum, W2l 0 Rhipidognathus, W39, W52 W137
Protomis, W201 SCHMIDT, W3I, W32, W34,
Rhizocorallidae, WI81 W70, W7I, W76, W78, W247
Protoscolex, W170
Protovirgularia, W210 RhizoeoraUites, W218 SCHWARZ, Wl80
Protula, W159 Rhizocorallium, W210 Sclerosryla, W160
Protulites, W159 RhizoeoraUum, W2IO Seoleates, W208, W215
Prov"gularia, W210 Rhizomorpha, W242 Seoleeoeoprus, W218
Psammichnites, W215 (see Rhizophyeus, W212 Scolecoderma, W162
Scolicia) RHODES, WI7, WI8, WI9, W20, Seoleeolithus, W215
Psammosiphon, W162 W25, W28, W33, W34, W35, Scolicia, W215
Pseudocrinus, W218 W39, W70, W72, W74, W75, Scolites, W215

© 2009 University of Kansas Paleontological Institute

W258 Miscellanea
Scolithia, W2I5 Sphaerapus, W242 Styliolinidae, WIOI, WI08,
Seolithus, W2l5 Sphaerococcites, WI87 WI09, WIl6
Seolopodella, W65 Sphenopus, W242 Styliolites, WI08, WII6
Scolopodus, W44 Spione, WI63 Stylolitltes, W238
Scotlandia, W65 Spionidae, WI46, WI63 Stylophycus, W226
Scotolithus, W242 Spirillum, WI60 subapical aboral cavity, Wl3
SCOTT, W25, W28, W29, W34, Spirochorda, W2I5 subapical cavity, Wl3
W70, W74, W75, W76, W77, Spirodentalium, Wl34 subapical excavation, Wl3
W86 S"irodesmos, WI80, W2I5 subapical navel, Wl3
SedUella, W37, W38, W65, W72 Spirographites, WI 55 subapical pit, Wl3
Scottognathus, W34, W37, W65, Spirophycus, W2I5 sub-basal projection, Wl3
wn, W73, W74, W75, W80 S,nrophyton, W220 Subbryantodus, W20, W55,
Scoyenia, W215 S,nroraphe, W216 W65, wn, W81
Scutula, W52, W248 Spirorbis, WI45, WI60 Subcordylodus, W49
Seyphia, W208 Spirorbula, WI60 Subprioniodus, W48
Scyphiodus, W39, W61 Spirorhaphe, WI80, W2I6 subsidiary denticles, Wl3
secondary carina, Wl3 Spiroscolex, W2I6 subterminal fang, Wl3
secondary keel, Wl3 Spirtdaea, WI 59 Sulcavitidae, WIOI, WI27
secondary keel angle, Wl3 Spongaster, WI84 Sulcavitus, WI20, W127
second-order denticles, Wl3 Spongeliomorpha, W2I6 sulcus, Wl3
"Sections de thalles," W224 Spongia, WI82, W217, W242 summit line, Wl3
SEDENTARIDA, WI46, W155 Sponguiomorpha, W216 superior cusp, Wl3
SEILACHER, WI79, WI80, WI8I, Spongulopns, W208 superior fang, Wl3
WI83 Spongiostroma, W226 superior side, Wl3
Selkirkia, WI67 Spongites, WI90, W206, W218 supero-anterior denticle, Wl3
Semielliptotheca, WI27 Spongolitltus, W242 suppressed denticles, Wl3
Semiserpula, WI60 "spread-burrows," WI80 suppression of parts, Wl3
Serpentiniehnus, W200 Spreite, WI78, WI8I, WI82 suture, Wl3
Serpentula, W160 Spreiten-Bauten, WI80, W2I8 SWEET, WI7
Serpula, WI56 Spriggina, WI54 SYLVESTER-BRADLEY, W35, W36,
Serpularia, WI60 Sprigginidae, WI46, W154 W79, W80, W81
Serpulidae, WI46, WI 55 spur, Wl3 Syncoprulus, W218
Serpulites, WI60 Spuren-Fossil, WI78 Synprioniodina, W50, W65, wn
Serpulopsis, WI60 Squamopsis, W238 Syphacia, WH8
Sewardiella, W236 Squamularia, W242 Syringodendron, W200
shea tit, Wl3 STAUFFER, W25, W28, W31 Syringomorpha, W2I8
sheatlt lamella, Wl3 Stauroeephalidae, WI53 SYSSOIEV, WIl6, WIl7, WI2I,
SHIMER, WIOO Staurocephalites, W153 W132, W133
SHROCK, WIOO Staurocephalitidae, WI46, W153
Sickleria, W236 Staurognatltus, W40, W6I, W85 Taenidium, W2I8
Sidneyia, W238 Staurophyton, W242 Taeniophycus, W200
Sigalion, WI53 Steigerwaldichnium, W2I8 Taitia, W228
Sigalionidae, WI46, W153 Stellascolites, W2I8 Talpina, W23I
Siluropelta, WI5I Stenotlteca, WHO Taoniehnites, W234
Simonizapfes, W23I Stenotltecoides, WHO Taonurus, WI87
SINCLAIR, W35, W78, W8I, Stenotltecopsis, Wl38 Taphrhelmintltopsis, W2I8
WIl6 Stephanodella, W65 Taphrognatltus, W62, W85
Sinuocornu, WI60 Stereoconus, W25, W45 Tarrichnium, W231
sinus, Wl3 STEWART, WI7 Tasmanadia, W2I8
Sinusia, WI88 Stltenelaites, WI5I TATGE, W41
Sinusites, WI88 Stipsellus, W2I8 Tazenakhtia, W238
Siphodendron, W200 Stoma, WI70 Tebagacolites, W218
Siphonia, W242 Strachanognathus, W45 Teichichnus, W2I8
Siphonites, W2I5 Stratipes, W242 Telemarkites, W242
Siphonodella, Wl4, W40, W6I Streblosoma, WI62 Telumodina, W54
Siphonognatlzus, W61 Streptindytes, WI60 Tentaculidae, WIIO
Siphonostomites, WI63 Streptognatltodus, W30, W4I, Tentaculitacea, WIlO
SIPUNCULOIDA, WI46, WI69 W62, W65, W72, W73, W80, Tentaculites, W99, WIOO, WIOI,
Skolitltos, W2I5 W8I, W85 WI02, WI05, WI06, WI07,
slant, Wl3 striae, Wl3 WIlO, WI61
Solenodella, W56 Striatostylina, WIl6 TENTACULITIDA, WIOI,
Solenognathus, W56 Striocyclus, W242 WI08, WIlO
Solicyclus, W242 Tentaculitidae, WIOO, WIOI,
Stripsellus, W218 WI04, WI05, WI07, WI08,
Spathodus, W56, W7I
Spatltognathodontinae, W42, Stromatolite, W226 WIlO
Spatltognatltodus, W33, W39, Styliola, WIlO Teratichnus, W2I8
W56, W65, W72, W73, W86, Styliolina, WIOO, WI02, WIl6 Terebella, W16I
W248 STYLlOLlNIDA, WIl4 Terebellidae, Wl46, WI6I

© 2009 University of Kansas Paleontological Institute

Index W259
Terebellina, W162 Triadonereis, W152 Vermiliopsis, W161
Terebellites, W162 Triadonereites, W219 Verrucania, W234
Terebellolites, W162 Trianisites, W242 VesciUum, Wl91
TerebeUopns, Wl61 Triavestigia, W219 Vencolithus, W238
TERMIER, H. & G., WIOO Tribrachidium, W228 vestigiofossil, W178
terminal cusp, W13 Trichoides, W242 Vetus, W148
terminal denticle, W13 Trichonodella, W53 VexiUum, Wl91
terminal fang, W13 Trichophycus, W219 Virgulaxonaria, W120, W128
Tetonophycus, W226 Triplograpsus, W210 Viriatella, WH5
Tetradium, W139 Triplograptus, W210 Volubilites, W218
Tetraichnites, W215 Tripodellus, W47 Volynites, WHO
Tetrapodichnites, W222 Trisuleus, W219 Vomacispongites, W218
Tetraprioniodus, W52 Tropidaulus, W243 VON BUCH, WI05
Tetraserpula, W155 trough, W14
Thalassinoides, W218 Trucherognathidae, W45 WALCH, WlO5
Thalenessites, W153 Trucherognathus, W46 WALCOTT, WIOO, W116, Wl17
Theca, WI24 Truncus, W243 Waleottia, W243
Theobaldia, Wl87 TRUSHEIM, WI80 Walpia, W220
Thinopus, W242 Trypanites, W219 Watten, Wl83
Tigillites, W218 tubercle, W14 Weedia, W226
tip, W14 Tubifex, WI67, WI89 Westergaardodina, W86, W246
Tisoa, W218 Tubificidae, WI46, W167 Westfalieus, W32, W34, W37,
Tissoa, W2I8 Tubiphyton, W238 W65, W72, W73, W74, W247
Titahia, W162 Tubulella, W165 WETZEL, W30
Toenidium, W218 Tubulelloides, W165 width, W14
Tomaculum, WI82, W218 Tubulites, W2I5, W219 WILCKENS, W243
tooth, W14 Tubulostium, WI59 WINGARD, W25
Topsentia, W232 Turbinia, W161 WINKLER, W179, W243
Topsentopsis, W232 Wiwaxia, W167
Torellella, W133 ULRICH, W26, W31, W32, W71 Wiwaxidae, W167
Torellellidae, WIOO, WIOI, Ulrichodina, W45 Wiwaxiidae, W146, W167
W133 Ungulites, W152 Worthenella, W167
Torlessia, W161 Uniconidae, WIOl, WI04, WI05,
Tortoniodus, W56 WI08, WI09, Wl13 Xenohelix, W200
Tosahelminthes, W200 Uniconinae, Wl13 Xenusion, W228
Tosalorbis, W170 Uniconus, WI02, WH3
trace d'activite, W178, WI79 Unisulcus, Wl94 Yakutatia, W220
trace fossil, WIn, W178 unit, W14 YOCHELSON, W120
traces endogenes, WI81 upper anterior denticle, W14 YOUNGQUIST, W31, W41
traces exogenes, WI81 Urohelminthoida, W219
Trachomatichnus, W219 Urotheca, Wl65 Zapfella, W232
Trachyderma, WI55 ZAZVORKA, W1l7
tracks, W178 Vaf!ineUa, Wl24 Zearamosus, W243
trails, W178 Valentia, W65 ZIEGLER, W40
transverse ridge, W14 Valonites, W243 ZITTEL, W28, WIOO
transverse section, W14 VERMES, WI07 Zonarites, W220
Trapezognathus, W65 Vermiculitae, W202 Zoophicos, W220
Trapezotheca, W127 Vermiculites, W202, W243 Zoophycos, W220
Trapezovitus, w1l9, W127 Vermiglyphen, W222 Zoophycus, W220
Trevisania, WI87 Vermilia, W161 Zygognathus, W49

© 2009 University of Kansas Paleontological Institute