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c 
 
    

The Javascript Lunar Eclipse Explorer can compute the local circumstances for every lunar eclipse visible from a city for any
century from -1999 to 3000 (2000 BCE to 3000 CE). The followig key describes the data found in the local circunstances tables.

Column Heading Definition/Description

1 Calendar Calendar Date when the eclipse begins.


Date Gregorian Calendar is used for dates after 1582 Oct 15.
Julian Calendar is used for dates before 1582 Oct 04.

2 Ecl. Eclipse Type where:


Type N = Penumbral Eclipse.
P = Partial Eclipse.
T = Total Eclipse.

3 Pen. Penumbral magnitude is the fraction of the Moon's


Mag. DIAMETER obscured by Earth's penumbral shadow.
For penumbral eclipses, it is usually less than 1.0.

4 Umb. Umbral magnitude is the fraction of the Moon's


Mag. DIAMETER obscured by Earth's umbral shadow.
For partial eclipses, it is greater than 0 but less than 1.0.
For total eclipses, it is equal or greater than 1.0.

5 Pen. Local Time when the penumbral eclipse begins.


Eclipse (not visible to the naked eye)
Begins

6 Alt Moon's altitude (in degrees) when penumbral eclipse begins.

7 Partial Local Time when the partial eclipse begins.


Eclipse
Begins

8 Alt Moon's altitude (in degrees) when partial eclipse begins.

9 Total Local Time when the total eclipse begins.


Eclipse
Begins

10 Alt Moon's altitude (in degrees) when total eclipse begins.

11 Mid. Local Time at mid-eclipse.


Eclipse

12 Alt Moon's altitude (in degrees) at mid-eclipse.

13 Total Local Time when the total eclipse ends.


Eclipse
Ends

14 Alt Moon's altitude (in degrees) when total eclipse ends.

15 Partial Local Time when the partial eclipse ends.


Eclipse
Ends

16 Alt Moon's altitude (in degrees) when partial eclipse ends.

17 Pen. Local Time when the penumbral eclipse ends.


Eclipse (not visible to the naked eye)
Ends

18 Alt Moon's altitude (in degrees) when penumbral eclipse ends.

ll times are displayed in local time using the value from the 2  field in Geographic Coordinates Section (add 1 hour for
Daylight Saving Time). The start and end times of 
phases are of academic interest only since these events are never
visible to the eye.

Events shown in gray occur below the horizon and can not be seen from the selected location. The calendar date of an eclipse
refers to the start time of the eclipse, even if the Moon is below the horizon at that time. If an eclipse begins before midnight and
ends after midnight, the latter phases occur on the following calendar date.

c 

    

The Javascript Solar Eclipse Explorer can compute the local circumstances for every solar eclipse visible from a city for any century
from -1499 to 3000 (1500 BCE to 3000 CE). The followig key describes the data found in the local circunstances tables.

Column Heading Definition/Description

1 Calendar Calendar Date at instant of Maximum Eclipse.


Date Gregorian Calendar is used for dates after 1582 Oct 15.
Julian Calendar is used for dates before 1582 Oct 04.

2 Eclipse Eclipse Type where:


Type P = Partial Eclipse.
A = Annular Eclipse.
T = Total Eclipse.

3 Partial Local Time when partial eclipse begins.


Eclipse
Begins

4 Sun Sun's altitude (in degrees) when partial eclipse begins.


Alt

5 A or T Local Time when annular or total eclipse begins.


Eclipse
Begins

6 Maximum Local Time at maximum eclipse.


Eclipse

7 Sun Sun's altitude (in degrees) at maximum eclipse.


Alt

8 Sun Sun's azimuth (in degrees) at maximum eclipse.


Azi

9 A or T Local Time when annular or total eclipse ends.


Eclipse
Ends

10 Partial Local Time when partial eclipse ends.


Eclipse
Ends

11 Sun Sun's altitude (in degrees) when partial eclipse ends.


Alt

12 Eclipse Eclipse magnitude is the fraction of the Sun's


Mag. DIAMETER obscured by the Moon.
For annular eclipses, it is less than 1.0.
For total eclipses, it is greater than or equal to 1.0.

13 Eclipse Eclipse obscuration is the fraction of the Sun's


Obs. AREA obscured by the Moon.

14 A or T Duration of total or annular phase


Eclipse of the eclipse (in minutes and seconds).
Duration

ll times are displayed in local time using the value from the 2  field in Geographic Coordinates Section (add 1 hour for
Daylight Saving Time).  time followed by "(r)" means the event is already in progress at sunrise. Similarly, a time followed by "(s)"
means the event is still in progress at sunset. In such cases, the times and circumstances given are for sunrise or sunset,
respectively. The times of sunrise and sunset are calculated when the Sun's lower limb touches the horizon.

   

The Eclipse Explorer is based on the Javascript Solar Eclipse Calculator created by Chris O'Byrne and Stephen
McCann. The original calculator predicts the local circumstances for any single eclipse over the period 1970
to 2039 for a geographic position supplied by the user.

The Eclipse Explorer presented here features drop-down menus for city coordinates and buttons to select any century from -1499
to 3000 (1500 BCE to 3000 CE). It can be used to explore the frequencey and circumstances of all solar eclipses visible from any
location on Earth. The Eclipse Explorer was developed by Chris O'Byrne and Fred Espenak.

The Besselian elements and values of ȴT used in Solar Eclipse Explorer are the same as those used by D    

  . For the purposes of calculating eclipse circumstances from a given place, the growing uncertainty
in the value of ȴT and the corresponding longitude become unacceptably large outside time period of -1499 to 3000 (1500 BCE to
3000 CE).

Permission is freely granted to reproduce this data when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak and Chris O'Byrne (NS's GSFC)"