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JAWATANKUASA TEKNIK KOAM

Penasihat : En. P. Solomon


Pengerusi : En. S. Chinetamby
S/Usaha : En. Tan Boon Seng
AJK : En. S. Murugesu
ISI KANDUNGAN : En. V. Govindasamy
: En. R. Govindaraju
1. JK Teknik KOAM dan Sidang Pengarang
2. Perutusan Presiden KOAM
3. Perutusan Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Teknik JAWATANKUASA SIDANG PENGARANG
4. Aktiviti Jawatankuasa Teknik KOAM 2009
5. Takwim JK Teknik KOAM 2010 Penasihat : En. S. Chinetamby
6. Peperiksaan Pengerusi : En. R. Govindaraju
7. Laporan Seminar dan Kursus 2009
AJK : En. S. R. Chandran
8. Artikal olahraga
9. Pindaan Peraturan Pertandingan Olahraga 2010/ : En. K. Yelumallai
2011 : En. Tan Boon Seng
10. Insurans Pegawai KOAM : En. V.Govindasamy
11. Rekod Kebangsaan : En. S. Murugesu
12. Takziah

PERUTUSAN MESSAGE
Presiden KOAM Technical Chairman

Bismillahhir Rahmanir Rahim


Assalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh Dan F irstly I would like to take this opportunity to wish
all officials A Happy New Year.
Salam Satu Malaysia. I would like to congratulate our senior officials who
Bersyukur Kehadrat Allah s.w.t. kerana keizinanNya find pride in their uniform , pride in their work and most
dapat Jawatankuasa Teknik KOAM berjaya importantly, pride in themselves as technical officials.
meghasilkan Buletin Olahraga Malaysia bagi tahun Their high level of concentration, diligence and discipline
2010. Saya menyanjung tinggi usaha mereka.Saya during officiating is commendable and an inspiration to
juga mengucapkan terima kasih kepada Jawatan- all of us.
kuasa Sidang Pengarang yang sudi meminta saya Lately we have taken steps to introduce an insurance
menyampaikan sepatah dua kata dalam buletin ini. scheme for Technical officials.
Sejak akhir-akhir ini ramai pelajar dari institusi
pendidikan tinggi menduduki Peperiksaan Pegawai I’m glad that we had managed to insure senior officials
Teknik KOAM. Inilah faktor utama yang telah and it is my hope that in due course all technical officials
mendorong Jawatankuasa Teknik KOAM menjalankan will be insured while on duty.
peperiksaan ini dua kali setahun. Bagi saya, ini adalah I would like to thank my committee members for their
satu perkembangan yang baik. effort in producing this bulletin filled with lots of
Kululusan yang ramai dalam lulus peperiksaan sahaja information. Efforts are being made to have more
tidak mencukupi. Pembangunan sukan banyak training programmes for officials, enhancing technical
bergantung kepada usaha-usaha dan pendidikan yang education programme, improving the welfare of officials
berterusan. Kita harus mencari jalan untuk memberi and adopting a new criteria in the selection of officials
pendedahan dan mengekalkan minat mereka terhadap for various meets and overseas assignments.
sukan olahraga. I am sure that this bulletin will be a point of reference
Sekian. Wabillahitaufik Walhidayah for all members of the athletic fraternity.
Wassalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.
Yours in Athletics,
“MEMUPUK SATU MALAYSIA MELALUI SUKAN.”

YB. DATO’ SERI SHAHIDAN BIN KASIM, S.Chinetamby, PPN., PMC., PJK..
SPMP., SSAP., AMP.
AKTIVITI-AKTIVITI JAWATANKUASA TEKNIK 2009.
1. 16 JANUARI 2009. dibantu oleh Pengerusi JK Teknik P.O.A.
Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Teknik di Pejabat Terengganu, En.Ahmad Zailani Halus.
KOAM, Kuala Lumpur.
10. 27 APRIL 2009.
2. 17 JANUARI 2009 Peperiksaan Pegawai Teknik pertama KOAM
Mesyuarat di antara JK Teknik dan semua 2009 diadakan di seluruh negara. Peperiksaan
Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Teknik POA Negeri. tahun ini melibatkan 5474 orang calon Gred 3
Mesyuarat berlangsung di Pejabat KOAM dan dan 145 orang calon Gred 2 yang menduduki
membincang rancangan untuk 2009 peperiksaan di 53 pusat .

3. 5-7 FEBRUARI 2009 11. 16 MEI 2009.


Kursus Awalan Teknik untuk Guru-Guru di Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Teknik diadakan di
Labuan. Kursus ini diadakan di SMK Mutiara Seremban untuk membincang, menganalisis
Labuan dan dirasmikan oleh Pengarah JPN keputusan peperiksaan serta membincang
Labuan. Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Teknik, En. langkah- langkah memperbaiki lagi mutu
S. Chinetamby dan Setiausaha En.Tan Boon peperiksaan. Persiapan akhir untuk Kejohanan
Seng telah mengendalikan kursus yang Olahraga MSSM dan Standard Chartered KL
melibatkan 129 peserta. International Marathon juga di teliti oleh
Jawatankuasa teknik.
4. 1 MAC 2009
Kejohanan Merentas Desa MSSM diadakan di 12. 26.-30 MEI 2009
SMK Permatang Pasir Pulau Pinang. JK Teknik Kejohanan Olahraga MSSM 2009 diadakan di
membantu dalam hal-hal teknikal dan Stadium Nasional Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur. JK
kepegawaian. Teknik seperti dipersetujui oleh Kementerian
Pelajaran Malaysia telah menamakan 20 orang
5.6 MAC 2009 Pegawai Kanan untuk bertugas di kejohanan
Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Teknik diadakan di tersebut.
SJK St. Mary’s Parit Buntar untuk membincang
persiapan bagi Peperiksaan Pegawai Teknik 13. 11 JUN 2009.
Gred 2 / 3 dan juga perlantikan pegawai- Mesyuarat Panel Peperiksaan Gred. 1 dan 3
pegawai teknik untuk Kejohanan MSSM dan telah diadakan di Hotel Maluri, Kuala Lumpur
perkara-perkara lain. untuk membincang dan menyediakan soalan-
soalan bagi Peperiksaan tersebut yang akan
6.7 MAC 2009 diadakan pada bulan Oktober 2009.
Mesyuarat Panel Peperiksaan Gred 2 dan 3
diadakan di SJK St.Marys, Parit Buntar untuk 14. 11-12 JUN 2009
membincang soalan-soalan peperiksaan Seminar Pegawai Teknik Kanan KOAM telah
pertama. diadakan di Hotel Maluri, Kuala Lumpur.
Seramai 52 orang peserta yang terdiri daripada
7.27-29 MAC 2009. 45 orang wakil negeri, empat orang pensyarah
Kursus Awalan Teknik didakan di Kampus dan tiga orang ahli Urusetia hadir seminar
Institut Pendidikan Guru Miri,Sarawak. Ia tersebut.
dikendalikan oleh Pengerusi JK Teknik, En. S. Pensyarah terdiri daripada En. P. Soloman, En.
Chinetamby, melibatkan 205 orang peserta. S.R. Chandran, En. Robert Aeria dan En. S.
Muregesu.
8.11-12 APRIL dan 18-19 APRIL 2009.
Kursus Pegawai Teknik Perak. Kursus ini 15. 28 JUN 2009
diadakan di Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Standard Chartered Kuala Lumpur International
Tg.Malim. En. R. Govindaraju, AJK Teknik Marathon berlangsung. Ia bermula dan tama
KOAM megetuai barisan pensyarah. di Dataran Merdeka Kuala Lumpur. DYMM Yang
Dipertuan Agong dan Permaisuri Agong serta
9.25-26 APRIL 2009. beberapa orang menteri kabinet turut hadir.
Kursus Pegawai Teknik Terengganu. Kursus ini Seramai 180 orang pegawai Teknikal telah
diadakan untuk guru pelatih yang akan bertugas di marathon ini.
menduduki Peperiksaan Pegawai Teknik KOAM
pada bulan April. Setiausaha JK Teknik En. Tan 16. 31 JULAI – 2 OGOS 2009
Boon Seng dijemput ke kursus ini dan beliau Kejohanan Olahraga MINI OLIMPIK

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berlangsung di Stadium Nasional Bukit Jalil yang
melibatkan 120 orang pegawai teknik 21 9-11 OKTOBER 2009
Kejohanan Olahraga Terbuka Malaysia di
17. 21 OGOS 2009 Stadium Nasional Bukit Jalil melibatkan yang
Mesyuarat Panel Peperiksaan Gred 1 dan 3 120 orang Pegawai Teknik.
diadakan di USM Pulau Pinang untuk
menyiapakan soalan peperiksaan bulan 22. 12-15 OKTOBER
Oktober. Kejohanan Olahraga SIPMA 2009 melibatkan
120 orang Pegawai Teknik KOAM. Ianya
18. 22 OGOS 2009 berlangsung di Stadium Nasional Bukit Jalil.
Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Teknik bersidang
untuk membincang perkara yang belum 23. 17-19 OKTOBER 2009
dilangsai dan langkah-langkah untuk Kursus Kepegawaian Teknik Olahraga IPGM
menyelesaikanya Miri, Sarawak telahpun diadakan di Kampus
IPGM Miri . Seramai 75 orang guru pelatih telah
19. 21 September 2009 hadir dalam kursus tersebut. Kursus ini
Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Teknik diadakan di telahpun dikendalikan oleh En.Tan Boon Seng.
Kota Bharu untuk membincang perkara-perkara
yang berkaitan dengan peperiksaan pegawai 24. 1-3 DESEMBER 2009
teknik, Kejohanan Olahraga Terbuka Malaysia Kursus Awalan Teknik IPGM Tawau, Sabah
dan Kejohanan Olahraga SIPMA. didakan di Kampus Institut Pendidikan Guru
Tawau dan dikendalikan oleh En.Tan Boon
20 3 OKTOBER 2009 Seng, En.S.R.Chandran, En.Robert Aeria, En.
Peperiksaan Pegawai Teknik KOAM Kedua Bonnie Rudolf, En. Yacob Manaf dan En. R.
diadakan diseluruh negara. Bilangan calon - Govindaraju. Ia melibatkan 600 orang peserta.
1600 orang.

TAKWIM JAWATANKUASA TEKNIK KOAM 2010


BIL TARIKH AKTIVITI TEMPAT
1 23 Jan 2010 Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Teknik KOAM (1) Kuala Lumpur
2 20-21 Feb 2010 Bengkel Penyediaan soalan Gred 3 dan 2 Port Dickson
3 12-16 April 2010 Kursus Pengredan IAAF level 1 -2009 Kuantan
4 15-16 April 2010 Kursus Fotofinis Kuala Lumpur
5 27 Mac 2010 Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Teknik KOAM (2) Kota Bharu
6 17 April 2010 Peperiksaan pertama Pegawai Teknik Gred 3 Seluruh
dan 2 . Negera
7 8 Mei 2010 Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Teknik KOAM (3) Kuala Lumpur
8 8-9 Mei 2010 Seminar Pegawai Teknik Kanan KOAM Kuala Lumpur
9 17 Julai 2010 Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Teknik KOAM (4) Kuala Lumpur
10 17 Julai 2010 Penyediaan Modul Pensyarah gred 3 Kuala Lumpur
11 17-18 Julai 2010 Bengkel Penyediaan soalan Gred 3 dan 1 Kuala Lumpur
12 8 Ogos 2010 Malam Mesra dan Anugerah Pegawai Teknik Kuala Lumpur
KOAM
13 4 Sept 2010 Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Teknik KOAM (5) Kota Bharu
14 9 Okt 2010 Peperiksaan Pegawai Teknik KOAM Gred 3 Seluruh
dan kelayakkan IAAF Level 1 Negara
15 9-10 Okt 2010 Kursus Juruhebah Seremban
16 13 Nov 2010 Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Teknik KOAM (6) Pulau Pinang
17 20-24 Nov 2010 Kursus Pengredan IAAF level 1 Kuala Lumpur
18 23 Nov 2010 Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Teknik KOAM (7) Kuala Lumpur

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SENARAI NAMA PESERTA YANG TELAH SENARAI NAMA PEGAWAI YANG TELAH
LULUS KURSUS IAAF LEVEL 1-2007 LULUS VIVA GRED 2-2008
BIL. NAMA PEGAWAI NEGERI BIL. NAMA PEGAWAI NO.KOAM NEGERI
1 CIK. KOO YOON HIONG 3490 PULAU
1 EN. MOHD GHAZALI MAT SAAD KEDAH 2 EN.S.MOSES LOURDESAMY 3390 PAHANG
2 EN. MOHD JASNI MD DESA KEDAH 3 EN. CHEW CHEE HORNG 3788 PAHANG
4 EN. CHANDRA A/L KUTHURAMAN 3914 PAHANG
3 EN. JOSEPH CHIOH HOCK HUA SARAWAK
5 EN. KRISHNAN RAMOO 4593 N.SEMBILAN
4 EN .WEE HOCK SENG SARAWAK 6 CIK. ANTOINETTE GERARDINE MARIA RAJ 4185 N. SEMBILAN
5 EN. KASIM AK MANA SARAWAK 7 EN. MANIMARAN A/L GOVINDARAJ 3884 N. SEMBILAN
8 EN. AHMAD JALANI HAUS 3352 TERENGGAN
6 PN. CHEW BEE BEE PERAK 9 EN. MOHD FADLI B.SIDEK 4675 TERENGGAN
7 EN. G.AMUTHAN PERAK 10 EN. ABD WAFA BIN AB.RAZAK 3559 TERENGGAN
8 PW2 ZAINI BIN SULAIMAN ATM 11 EN. CHE NORDIN BIN MAT SALLEH 2557 TERENGGAN
12 EN. WAN AZLAN BIN WAN ISMAIL 3758 TERENGGAN
9 EN. ZULFIDY BIN MONEL JOHOR 13 EN. SANI AK GIANG 3005 SARAWAK
10 EN. MOHD YUSOF BIN YAAKOB JOHOR 14 EN. GIBSON GUNTING 3016 SARAWAK
15 EN. JOSHUA PANGGAU 3017 SARAWAK
11 EN. K.R.AVADAYAN NEGERI SEMBILAN
16 EN. IRIE AMBAU 3143 SARAWAK
12 EN. K.PARAMESVERAJAH.M NEGERI SEMBILAN 17 EN. WONG HO HOCK 3626 SARAWAK
13 EN. LEE TECK SOON NEGERI SEMBILAN 18 EN. JUDE LIM ZHAO XIANG 4778 SARAWAK
19 PN. NORESAH MOHD SHARIFF 4581 W.PERSEKUT
14 EN. G.RAMAN W. PERSEKUTUAN 20 EN.SAIFUL ADNAN YAHAYA 4406 W.PERSEKUT
15 PN. R.MAHADEVI W. PERSEKUTUAN 21 EN. SELVAKUMAR A/L ARUMUGAM 4577 W.PERSEKUT
16 EN. ZAININ JOHARI W. PERSEKUTUAN 22 EN. THOMAS ANTHONY 3344 W.PERSEKUT
23 EN. MOHD KHAIRUDIN BIN AB.WAHID 4279 SELANGOR
17 TG JOHAN ARIFFIN BIN TG YUSOFF KELANTAN
18 EN. ABDUL HAMID BIN JUSOH SELANGOR
ANALISIS KEPUTUSAN PEPERIKSAAN TEORI
19 EN. SEBASTIAN PEREIRA SELANGOR
PEGAWAI TEKNIK KOAM GRED 3- 2009 (1)
BIL NEGERI HADIR LULUS % KELULUSAN
1 PERAK 197 81 41.1
2 SELANGOR 175 108 61.7
SENARAI PEGAWAI YANG TELAH LULUS 3 PAHANG 230 176 76.5
GRED 2 VIVA - 2007 4 KELANTAN 45 27 60
5 SARAWAK 380 126 33.2
6 JOHOR 305 135 44.3
BIL. NAMA PEGAWAI NO.KOAM NEGERI 7 KEDAH 513 270 52.7
1 NAGARETNAM A/L NAGAMUTHU 4253 W.PERSEKUTUAN 8 MELAKA 47 24 51.1
2 SRI BALASUBRAMANIAM 3707 W. PERSEKUTUAN 9 N. SEMBILAN 59 40 67.7
3 THILAGAWATHY 2940 W. PERSEKUTUAN 10 PULAU PINANG 798 247 27.2
4 ISMAIL BIN AHMAD 3063 KEDAH 11 PERLIS 333 97 29.1
5 LT DYA MAHATHEVAN 4078 ATM 12 SABAH 184 21 11.4
6 ANG CHIN GOIT 3734 ATM 13 TERENGGANU 559 185 33.1
7 ZAHARULLIL BIN MOHD SARIN 3536 JOHOR 14 UNIVERSITI 139 22 14.4
8 TEE BOON CHIEW 3306 JOHOR 15 W.PERSEKUTUAN 685 135 19.7
9 NALLASAMY KUPPAN 3565 JOHOR
JUMLAH 4649 1694 36.7
10 HAMISAH BT. MUSA 3543 JOHOR
11 CHIN BOON LONG 3678 JOHOR ANALISIS KEPUTUSAN
12 ASRINA ABDUL HAMID 4256 SARAWAK CALON DAFTAR CALON HADIR PERATUS KEHADIRAN CALON LULUS PERATUS KELULUSAN
13 MOHD TERMIZI MOHD ARIF 4233 PERAK 5474 4649 84.9 1694 36.7
14 HARDEU SINGH 4130 PERAK
15 HARDEV SINGH 4125 PERAK SENARAI NAMA PEGAWAI YANG TELAH LULUS
16 NAZRI BIN MOHAMMED YUSOF 4645 PERAK
17 MOHD KHAN SAM DIN 3129 KEDAH
PEPERIKSAAN PEGAWAI TEKNIK GRED 2 - 2009
BIL. NAMA PEGAWAI NEGERI
1 ZULKIFLI AMIN RASHID AHMAD KEDAH
2 MOHD.ZUBIR ZAINOL ABIDIN KEDAH
3 MUHAMAD FAUZI B. ISMAIL KEDAH
SENARAI NAMA PEGAWAI YANG TELAH 4 ABD.RAHMAN BAKAR KEDAH
LULUS KURSUS IAAF LEVEL 1-2008 5 HAIRI IDZHAM B. HUSAIN SELANGOR
6 TEE SON CHAI MELAKA
BIL. NAMA PEGAWAI NEGERI 7 LAU SIONG DU MELAKA
1 EN. TAN HEAN SAW KEDAH 8 A.MICHAEL DASS MELAKA
2 PN. GWEE MEE ANY KEDAH 9 ZUBIR B. ISMAIL JOHOR
10 NOORAISAH BT. AHMAD JOHOR
3 EN. T.MURUGAN KEDAH 11 MD.FAUZI B. ABDULLAH JOHOR
4 CIK. SHAMSIAH MOHD ALI W. PERSEKUTUAN 12 ISKANDAR TUAH B. MOIN JOHOR
5 PN. WONG CHEUI KEEN JOHOR 13 ZAKARI ZAKARIA TERENGGANU
6 CIK.HAFIDZAH BINTI NASIR JOHOR 14 FRANCIS TAN SARAWAK
7 EN. BOSS LINGAM PULAU PINANG 15 ADENAN BIN SAMSUDIN PULAU PINANG
8 EN. PANDIAN A/L SELLAMUTHU PULAU PINANG 16 WONG GUAT HOON PULAU PINANG
17 AIMAN CHEAH TIONG CHAP W.PERSEKUTUAN
9 EN. WUA TIEW JEN MELAKA
18 EVELYNGNANAM A/P WILLIAM GEORGE W.PERSEKUTUAN
10 EN. SIVANESAN GOVINDASAMY PERAK 19 ANDRIANI TAMBEH NEGERI SEMBILAN
11 PN. LIM POH YIEN SELANGOR 20 AMIRUDDIN AWANG NEGERI SEMBILAN
12 PN. SANG FAY LEE SELANGOR 21 SUTHANTHIRA DEVI A/P JNJ MONEY NEGERI SEMBILAN
13 EN. NYANAKUMAR A/L KUMARASAMY SELANGOR 22 MOHAMAD RAKIB SADUI NEGERI SEMBILAN
14 EN. MARIASELINAR A.ANTHONY NEGERI SEMBILAN ANALISIS KEPUTUSAN
15 EN. RAMAMOORTHY A/L RAMANAIDU NEGERI SEMBILAN CALON DAFTAR CALON HADIR PERATUS KEHADIRAN CALON LULUS PERATUS KELULUSAN
16 EN. SINNAPPA A/L PERUMAL PAHANG 191 145 75.9 22 15.2

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ANALISIS KEPUTUSAN PEPERIKSAAN TEORI SENARAI NAMA PEGAWAI YANG TELAH LULUS
PEGAWAI TEKNIK KOAM GRED 3 - 2009 (2) VIVA GRED 2-2009
BIL NEGERI HADIR LULUS % KELULUSAN TARIKH PENGUATKUASAAN
1 SELANGOR 116 19 16.4
2 PAHANG 112 62 55.4 MULAI 1 JANUARI 2010
3 KELANTAN 29 2 6.9
4 SARAWAK 251 53 21.1 BI NAMA No.KOAM NEGERI
5 JOHOR 35 18 51.4
L
1 Rosli Mohd Amin 3325 Johor
6 KEDAH 112 26 23.2
7 MELAKA 67 37 55.2
8 N. SEMBILAN 131 52 39.7
2 Nadzari bin Salleh 4723 Johor
9 PULAU PINANG 116 76 65.5 3 Ho Li Fung 4411 Johor
10 PERLIS 53 28 52.8
11 SABAH 323 16 5 4 Md Fauzi bin Abdullah 4865 Johor
12 TERENGGANU 77 3 3.9
5 Rajendran a/l Sinnappan 4618 Perak
13 MASUM 200 63 31.5
14 W.PERSEKUTUAN 132 48 36.3 6 Manjit Singh a/l Gorpal Singh 4619 Perak
JUMLAH 1754 503 28.7
7 Kanesan a/l Kandiah 4382 Perak
ANALISIS KEPUTUSAN
8 Roseli Bin Mohamad Saruman 4534 Perak
CALON DAFTAR CALON HADIR PERATUS KEHADIRAN CALON LULUS PERATUS KELULUSAN
1948 1754 90 503 28.7 9 Dr Suthanthiradevi a/p JNJ Money 3316 N.Sembilan
SENARAI NAMAPEGAWAI YANG TELAH 10 Andriani binti Tambeh 4465 N.Sembilan
LULUS PEPERIKSAAN KELAYAKKAN IAAF 11 Amiruddin bin Awang 4630 N.Sembilan
LEVEL 1 - 2009 12 Mohd Rakib bin Sadui 4324 N.Sembilan
BIL NAMA PEGAWAI PUSAT
1 K. KAMARAJAN KEDAH02 13 Soundradevi a/p Arumugam 4588 P.Pinang
2 LOUIS A. FLETCHER KEDAH 14 Aiman Cheah Tiong Chap 1989 W.Persekutuan
3 TEEN SUK MAN W.PERSEKUTUAN
4 THILAGAWATHY A/P KATHIRAVELOO W.PERSEKUTUAN 15 Norizan Adnan 4578 W.Persekutuan
5 CHIN KIM HAR SELANGOR
6 OMAR B MOHD JUNID SELANGOR 16 Evelyn Gnanam a/p William George 4461 W.Persekutuan
7 NAGARATNAM A/L NAGAMUTHU SELANGOR
8 BARHANUDDIN BIN A. SMAD N.SEMBILAN 17 Wong Poh Wah 4317 Kedah
9 LACHIMPADI NARASINGGAM N.SEMBILAN 18 Mohamad Tajudin bin Md Hanafiah 4211 Kedah
10 MANIAM A/L ALAGEDS N.SEMBILAN
11 ABDUL AZIZ BIN ABU BAKAR N.SEMBILAN 19 Zamri bin Zainol Abidin 2352 Kedah
12 CHINATHAMBY A/L CHINAPAN N.SEMBILAN
13 NAIM BIN KARIMIN JOHOR 20 Sivabalaraj a/l Govindasamy 3941 Kedah
ANALISIS KEPUTUSAN 21 Mohd Azam bin Ibrahim 4209 Kedah
JUMLAH CALON HADIR LULUS % KELULUSAN 22 Idris Mohamad 3130 Kedah
26 24 14 58.30% 23 Vickneswaran Nakar Salapan 3993 Sabah

REVIEW JAWAPAN PEPERIKSAAN PEGAWAI TEKNIK KOAM-GRED 3


Setelah menilai keputusan calon-calon yang mestilah diketahui dengan tepat. Jangan campur
menduduki Peperiksaan Pegawai Teknik KOAM, aduk penggunaan istilah-istilah tertentu dalam
Jawatankuasa Teknik KOAM meminta Panel olahraga dengan istilah-istilah yang serupa yang
Peperiksaan menyediakan ulasan ringkas yang digunakan dalam yang lain permainan.
boleh sedikit-sebanyak akan membantu calon-
calon untuk memberi jawapan yang betul dan CONTOH 1
tepat. ………………………… akan menyerah dengan
segera laporan bertulis mengenai pelang-
GRED TIGA garan peraturan oleh seorang peserta dalam
acara balapan kepada Referi.
Jawapan untuk semua soalan terdapat dalam (Jawapan: Pengadil)
buku Peraturan Olahraga KOAM/IAAF. Jadi
untuk memberi jawapan yang betul dan tepat, Ulasan:
calon-calon mestilah membaca keseluruhan
kandungan buku itu serta memahami dengan Soalan ini secara langsung mengacu kepada
tepat kaitannya terhadap setiap acara. Memiliki jawapan yang terdapat dalam buku
buku peraturan yang terkini ialah satu-satu peraturan.. Pengadil sahaja yang bertindak
perlakuan yang amat di galakkan (Semakan sebagai pembantu kepada Referi. Mereka
peraturan dibuat setiap dua tahun). tidak boleh membuat keputusan terhadap
Istilah-istilah yang terdapat dalam olahraga, pelanggaran peraturan. Mereka hanya

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menyampaikan laporan secara bertulis memerlukan kenyataan-kenyataan ringkas
kepada Referi. Kebanyakan pegawai- dan tepat. Tidak perlu penulisan yang
pegawai di bahagian lain di balapan boleh panjang-panjang.
bertindak dengan sendiri. Contohnya,
Pelepas bertindak dengan memberi amaran/ GRED 2 BAHAGIAN B
menyikir peserta yang melanggar peraturan
dalam hal pelepasan. Semua calon yang menduduki peperiksaan Gred
2 sudah mempunyai pengalaman sekurang-
CONTOH 2 kurangnya tiga tahun setelah lulus Gred 3.
Didapati tidak ramai calon yang menghadapi
Pegawai yang memberi isyarat muktamat masalah untuk menjawab soalan-soalan
kepada Pelepas untuk memulakan bahagian A. Mereka membuat banyak kesilapan
perlumbaan adalah …………….........… dalam menjawab soalan-soalan di bahagian B.
(Jawapan: Koordinator Pelepasan ) Untuk mengatasi masalah ini, Panel Peperiksaan
berpendapat bahawa calon-calon harus
Ulasan: menitikberatkan untuk memberi jawapan dengan
jelas dan tepat. Ini hanya boleh dilakukan jika
Untuk menjawab soalan ini calon-calon mereka mempunyai pengetahuan mendalam
hendaklah meneliti peraturan dengan cermat. terhadap peraturan teknikal dan mempunyai
Sepintas-lalu lebih ternyata adalah Referi pengalaman serta pendedahan:
atau Ketua Hakim Foto-finis penamat
memberi isyarat kepada Pelepas. Pada Contoh:
hakikatnya, Ko-ordinator Pelepadsa berada
di tapak pelepas yang dan beliaulah yang Soalan/Question
akan memberi isyarat terakhir kepada
Pelepas. Apabila sesuatu kejohanan dikelolakan, pihak
pengelola mungkin perlu mengemukakan
CONTOH 3 Peraturan pertandingan.
When an athletics meet is organised, the
Dalam acara 10 000 meter, apabila terdapat organisers may need to introduce
lebih daripada 12 orang peserta, mereka akan competition rules.
dibahagikan kepada dua kumpulan dengan
satu kumpulan lebih kurang ………. peserta (a) Apakah Peraturan Pertandingan? / What
akan bermula dengan menggunakan garisan are competition rules?
permulaan biasa. (Jawapan: 65 %)
Peraturan Pertandingan adalah peraturan
Ulasan: yang digubal oleh J/K Penganjur dengan
kerjasama Wakil Teknik khusus untuk
Kiranya calon itu seorang baru kepada digunapakai di Kejohanan tertentu.
bidang olahraga, kemungkinan besar calon Competition rules are rules drafted by the
itu tidak berpeluang untuk perhati acara Organising Committee with the
dimulakan sedemikian. Oleh itu calon-calon cooperation of the Technical Delegate
perlu mendapatkan penjelasan dari pegawai- specially for a particular meet.
pegawai senior atau mengikuti kursus/
perbincangan mengenai Peraturan dan (b) Mengapa kita mengadakan peraturan
mengaplikasikan peraturan. pertandingan? / Why do we have
Competition Rules?
CONTOH 4
Peraturan Pertandingan ini diperkenalkan
Langkah pertama untuk memutuskan seri untuk memenuhi keperluan peserta-
dalam pertandingan Acara Bercampur adalah peserta / penganjur disesuatu kejohanan.
…………………………………………………… These Competition Rules are introduced
(Jawapan: Peserta yang mendapat mata yang to meet the requirements of the
tertinggi dalam kebanyakan acara ) competitiors / organizers of a particular
Ulasan: meet.

Jawapan untuk soalan seperti ini (c) Berikan satu contoh peraturan

-5-
pertandingan bagi acara-acara Lompatan knowledge of the IAAF Rules and how you
dan terangkan dengan ringkas. apply this knowledge to solve problems or
Give an example of one competition rule disputes. Such questions usually require the
for Jumping events and explain briefly. candidates to write the answers in one or two
Bagi acara Lompat Kijang yang short paragraphs. Two candidates may write
melibatkan pelajar-pelajar sekolah, two different answers to the same problem
papan lonjak diletak 11m bagi lelaki dan and both may be acceptable. The important
9m bagi wanita dari pangkal kawasan thing here is the correct interpretation and
mendarat. application of the Rules.
(Mengikut peraturan IAAF, jarak ini adalah Some of the questions test the practical
13m bagi lelaki dan 11m bagi wanita.) knowledge of the candidates. These
For Triple Jump involving school questions require specific answers and
students, the take-off board is placed 11m usually have no room for discrepancies. This
for boys and 9m for girls, from the landing means that the answers given by the
area. candidates would all be nearly the same.
Example : Candidates are given the Score
(d) Berikan satu contoh peraturan Card of a Field Event and are told to decide
pertandingan bagi acara-acara lontaran on the final placings.
dan terangkan dengan ringkas. It has been noted that candidates usually
Give an example of one competition rule face problems answering questions that
for throwing events and explain briefly. require long answers.
Dibeberapa kejohanan yang melibatkan
ramai peserta dan dimana pusingan Sample : a question from Section B with
kelayakan tidak dapat diadakan kerana explanations and answers.
kesuntukan masa, penganjur menetapkan
hanya tiga lontaran bagi setiap peserta. Question : The 400m is scheduled to start
at 4.00pm. The competitors report to the
In some meets involving a large number starter at 3.50pm. but one of the qualifiers
of athletes where qualifying rounds is missing. Just as the competitors are
cannot be held due to time constrains, getting ready for the race, the missing
the organizers may decide to allow only athlete turns up. The time now is 3.55pm.
three throws for each competitor. What would you do if you are (i) Chief
Starter ’s Assistant? (ii) Referee
overseeing the start.
IAAF Level 1 Qualifying Examination
Remark:
IAAF Level One Qualifying Examination Candidates must remember two factors
paper is divided into two parts- Section A and before answering this question :
Section B. Both sections have questions Firstly, officials are there to help athletes
based on Track Field and other atheletics achieve their best within the confine of the
disciplines. Candidates have to answer all rules. Secondly, officials must consider if their
the questions in both sections. action or reaction would give an unfair
advantage or disadvantage to any athlete/
SECTION A athletes.

Section A carries 40 marks and requires short (i) As the Chief Starter’s Assistant, I would
answers. It is to test a candidate’s knowledge refer the matter to the Starter.
of the IAAF Rules. The questions are straight ( Just like Umpires are assistants to the
forward and the answers expected are Referee without authority to make final
usually one- word or one-sentence answers. decisions the Chief Starter’s Assistant
Some candidates write answers that are does not have the authority to make a
rather long and not to the decision in this case.)

SECTION B (ii) As at the Start Referee, I would refer


the matter to the Call Room Referee. If
Section B may have 5 or 6 questions and the athlete had indeed reported to the Call
this section carries 60 marks. Some Room, the matter is settled and the
questions in this section test one’s athlete would be allowed to participate.

-6-
However, if the athlete had come without PEPERIKSAAN KOAM APRIL 2010
reporting to the Call Room, then we need
to consider the level of the Meet. If it is a Gred Tarikh Masa Yuran
State Meet where quite often there is no Dua 17.04.2010 9.30pgi-11.30pgi RM13.00
distinct Call Room procedures, the Start Tiga 17.04.2010 9.30 pgi-11.00pgi RM13.00
Referee should inform the Track Referee
and allow the athlete to participate. If it PEPERIKSAAN KOAM OKTOBER 2010
were a National Meet or any meet bigger
than that, the matter will have to be Gred Tarikh Masa Yuran
brought to the attention of the Technical Kel.IAAF.Level1 09.10.2010 9.30pgi-11.30pgi RM13.00
Delegate who will decide and advice. It Tiga 09.10.2010 9.30pgi-11.00pgi RM13.00
is most likely that the athlete will be bared
from the race unless he has a genuine, Sila berhubung dengan Pengerusi JK Teknik
acceptable reason for the delay. In which Negeri untuk maklumat selanjutnya.
case, he may be allowed to compete with
a warning. This incident should in no way Disediakan oleh Panel Pepriksaan
delay the start of the event.

SEMINAR DAN KURSUS KEPEGAWAIAN OLAHRAGA 2009


1. Kursus Awalan Pegawai Teknik Olahraga .

Tarikh : 05.02.09 - 07.02.09


Tempat : SMK Mutiara, Labuan
Penceramah : En.S.Chinetamby dan En.Tan Boon Seng

Kursus Awalan Pegawai teknik olahraga telah pun dilaksanakan untuk Guru-Guru di SMK Mutiara,
Labuan, Sarawak. Seramai 129 orang guru telah mengikuti kursus tersebut

2. Kursus Pegawai-Pegawai Teknik Olahraga

Tarikh : 27 Mac 2009 hingga 29 Mac 2009


Tempat : IPGM Sarawak, Miri, Sarawak
Penceramah : En.S.Chinetamby, Pengerusi JK Teknik KOAM

Seramai 145 orang guru pelatih telah berjaya mengikuti kursus ini selama tiga hari. Mereka telahpun
didedahkan dengan peraturan-peraturan olahraga sebelum mengambil Peperiksaan KOAM 2009.

-7-
3. SEMINAR PEGAWAI TEKNIK KANAN KOAM
Tarikh : 11.06.2009 – 12.06.2009
Tempat : Hotel Maluri, Cheras,Kuala Lumpur
Perasmian : En.Karim b.Ibrahim, Timbalan Presiden KOAM
Senarai Nama Peserta:
Bil. Nama Pegawai Bil. Nama Pegawai Bil. Nama Pegawai
1. En.A.Thanabalan 2 En.Jaafar Mastan 3. En.Lau Suen Yeong
4. En.Ahmad jalani Halus 5. En.Che Nordin Mat Salleh 6. En.Mohd.Fakaru Azhar
7. En.Muhammad Asokan 8. En.Juraidi Jusoh 9. En.Yaacob Manaf
10. En.V.Sasitharan 11. En.Ahmad Mohd.Yunos 12. En.S.Nadarajah
13. En.S.S.Barathan 14. En.R.Alagappan 15. En.Abu Bakar Moideen
16. En.P.Krishnan 17. En.S.Gunaseelan 18. En.Mohd.Shokri Hj.Hashim
19. En.Balbir Singh 20. En.Bahardin Abd.Manap 21. En.R.Sivanesan
22. En.Cheong Chok Chow 23. Cik.Samsiah Mohd.Ali 24. Dato. Tham Siew Kai
25. En.Leong Beng Keong 26. En.Lim Tze Yaw 27. En.V.Mathivanan
28. En.N.Ganesan 29. En.Ho Kee Wee 30. Hj.Zulkfli Mohamed
31. En.Ang Kim Hai 32. En.Lee Cheng Kim 33. Pn.Tan Chon Huwah
34. Hj.Ab.Satar Abu Hassan 35. En.Yahya Mohd.Nor 36. En.B.Sivakumar
37. En.Chong Kean Seng 38. En.R.Annamalai 39. En.P.Sinnappa
40. En.C.Thiagarajan 41. Pn.Susan Low 42. Pn.Marina Din
43. Mohd.Asri Othman 44. En.Narizam Othman 45. En.Abdul Rahim Mohd.Nor
46. Hj.Aziz Jaafar
Topik dan Penceramah Seminar
1. Mother of all sports En.P.Solomon
2. Current Trends in Officiating En.S.R.Chandran
3. Officiating Field Events En.Robert Aeria
4. Officiating Road Races En.S.Muregesu

4. Kursus Kepegawaian Olahraga IPGM Tawau

Tarikh : 01 Disember 2009 hingga 03 Disember


Tempat : IPGM Tawau, Tawau, Sabah
Penceramah : En.Tan Boon Seng, En.S.R.Chandran, En.R.Govindaraju,
En.Robert Aeria, En.Bonnie Rudolf dan En.Yaacob Manaf
Kursus Kepegawaian Olahraga telah pun dijalankan di IPGM Tawau, Sabah selama 3 hari mulai 01.12.09
hingga 03.12.09. Seramai 600 orang guru pelatih telah mengikuti kursus ini dengan jayanya.

-8-
IAAF STARTING GUIDELINES
1 Introduction smooth running of the units that make up the starting
The need to improve the quality and consistency of the team and the accurate, consistent implementation
starters’ performances during major IAAF competitions of the Technical Rules.
prompted the IAAF Council to take initiatives; establishing The duties of a Start Coordinator are to:
a Panel from which International Starters for major • Allocate duties to team members (the duties of
international competitions would be appointed and these the International Starter will be allocated under
Guidelines which have the purpose of explaining a the direction, and in consultation with, the
standardised starting procedure and thereby developing Technical Delegates).
worldwide consistency in the way the start process is
• Control and manage the start process.
managed.
• Be the link between the Competition Management
It is recommended that Member Federations adopt
and the Photo Finish Judges, Timekeepers, Finish
these Guidelines for the organisation of their own
Judges, Wind Gauge Operator and, where
athletics competitions.
appropriate, the television staff.
• Keep the competition to time by working efficiently
2 International Starters’ Panel with the team and all other parties.
2.1 The IAAF Council approved the introduction of an • Be the link to the providers of the automatic false
International Starters’ Panel, and of a consequent start equipment and other technology being used
Rule change, at the 2005 Helsinki Congress. in and around the start.
The proposals are now written into the Technical • Keep all relevant paperwork.
Rules and Regulations. Rule 118 includes reference
• Ensure Rules 130.5 and 162.7 are observed and
to the position and responsibilities of an International
fulfilled.
Starter.
There are two distinct ways that the role can be
2.2 A Panel of International Starters has been formed
operated:
and appointments are made by the IAAF to
designated IAAF competitions from this Panel. All • The Coordinator is a supervisory official who
of the nominated International Starters have manages all aspects of the start process. He is
attended a workshop conducted by the IAAF in often a very senior starter with significant
Valencia in March 2008. experience but he never starts a race when in the
Start Coordinator’s role.
2.3 The deployment of the International Starter is
intended to: • The Start Coordinator continues to implement his
managerial role but also acts as the senior starter,
• Add a consistent approach to the start process at
thus giving an added dimension of expertise to
all major competitions.
the team’s contributions.
• Ensure the Technical Rules concerned with starts
If the first method is operated, three Starters per
are correctly interpreted and implemented at all
race will be required. If the second method is in
major competitions.
operation then only two other Starters need to be
• Influence the organisation and practice at starts appointed per race.
around the world.
In this case, the duties of the Start Coordinator
• Enhance the existing positive televisual image of will be taken by another team member for the
the sport. events the coordinator is starting.
Within a round, all heats should be started by the
3 Structure and Organisation of the Team of Starters same Starter.
3.1 Rules 129.1 and 129.7 give responsibility for the
organisation and management of the starting team 3.2 The Starter remains the key person in the starting
to a Start Coordinator. His role is crucial to the process. His judgement, supported by any available

-9-
technology and the start team, is crucial. • Any disqualified athlete immediately leaves the area of
The Starter must ensure that: competition.
• All athletes have a fair start within the rules of the
competition specifically Rules 129.2/3/6. 3.5 The Start Referee plays an important role at all starts.
• He is the sole decision maker regarding false starts Rule 125.2 requires the appointment of a ‘Track Referee’
including occasions when an offence has been committed to oversee the start area. It is appropriate and good practice,
and the race is recalled by another member of the team. that the appointed person is a specialist and experienced
Consultation between team members on such decisions starter. If that is the case, his observations will be based on
is vital. a technically sound background.
• He is positioned so that he can see all athletes in a The Start Referee fulfils several obligations, specifically
similar, narrow angle of vision. he:
• The false start equipment control module is positioned • ´Is not a member of the starting team.
close to him. • ´Works alongside the start team.
• His commands are heard simultaneously by all athletes • ´ Does not interfere or comment on starts, except when
(in all major competitions this should be assured by the issues need addressing.
use of a high quality sound system).
• ´ s required to keep an accurate record of all starts.
• He must personally consult the information produced by
the false start equipment and use • ´Ensures the Start Coordinator carries out an initial check
of the false start equipment and a zero gun test.
that to confirm a false start.
• ´Monitors the operation of false start equipment by any
commercial provider.
3.3 The Recaller(s) are deployed to specific positions to
give an alternative and enhanced view of a race start. Their • • Communicates with athletes only as a result of an
role is to support the starter and identify any offence or official protest about a start or a warning/disqualification.
technical fault at a start that the Starter may not have In this context, the Start Referee can allow an athlete, who
observed. immediately protests, to run the race, subject to the protest
being considered afterwards.
If there is any doubt about the legality or fairness of the
start the Recaller must recall the race. • ´Imposes and notifies the imposition to the athletes of a
‘disciplinary’ warning.
Discussions within the team will determine the
subsequent action (if any). • If the false start equipment correctly indicates a false
3.4 Starters’ Assistants play an important role in the start, the Start Referee cannot allow a ‘run under protest’.
management of the athletes, particularly in the preparation If, however, the false start equipment indicates an illegal
for the race. They must ensure that Rules 130 and 162.7 start and there is good reason to suggest the information is
are fully implemented and check that: inaccurate, or there is an equipment malfunction, a run
under protest may be allowed. Other irregularities at the
• Bib identification is correct and corresponds with the start can merit an ‘allowable protest’ i.e. blocks slipping or
start list. crowd disturbance.
• Athletes are in the correct heat or race.
• Above all, the Start Referee should only intervene when
• Lane assignments are correct. start procedures are not conducted within the rules of
• The use of starting blocks is legal as defined in Rule competition.
161. 3.6 The success of a good start procedure depends on
• Batons are ready for relay races. how the team works together and ensures that the process
Furthermore, they must ensure that: is efficient, fair and within the relevant rules for competition.
• Rules 162.3 and 162.4 are observed. The team should know the role they are all playing. They
should understand the signals they are to use and what
• Athletes assemble correctly before the Starter takes they indicate and, above all, they should relay all information
control of the start. they have to each other to ensure the start is conducted
• Correct warnings are given and that all athletes fairly.
understand the condition under which subsequent starts
will occur, i.e., the next false start will result in a
disqualification (yellow card shown), the recall did not 4 Team Positioning
warrant a warning (green card shown) or a disqualification 4.1 How the members of the team work together is crucial.
has been made (red card shown). The Start Coordinator must ensure that all team members

- 10 -
know their role and assume positions that allow them to field or red card for any disqualified
implement the Rules. • athlete or green card if no false start has been
4.2 Ideally, there should be three Starters per race. One given.
will take up a position in which he has a clear view • Similarly, the Starter can award a false start
of all athletes. He is the Starter. The other two will warning to any athlete who, in his opinion, fails to
act as Recallers and position themselves as respond to the commands or disturbs other
allocated to oversee assigned lanes (usually from athletes in the ‘on your marks’ position (Rule
different angles of vision from the race starter). The 162.6(a),(b)). For example:
team of three will rotate through those duties
throughout a competition. • Deliberately delaying in response to the
commands.
4.3 The Starter’s Assistants will position themselves
to ensure a clear view of the position athletes take • Moving or making noise after the athletes have
before and during the start procedure. In practice, settled into the ‘on your marks’ position thus
this will require at least three people – one to observe disturbing the concentration of fellow athletes.
front line positions and two to watch for rear 5.4 If an athlete causes a start to be aborted, without
infringements concerned with foot contacts on good reason, for example, by holding up his hand
starting blocks (Rule 162.4). or standing / sitting up, the Start Referee can award
5 The Start a personal warning to that athlete and he will be
shown a yellow card. (The Start Referee must be
5.1 In events up to and including 400m, on receipt of
satisfied that the athlete’s action was not justified.
the agreed signals that all parties (athletes, Photo
Justification may be by crowd noise, block movement
Finish Judges, Competition Management, the timing
or external interruption). In this case, all athletes will
company, track officials and television if applicable)
be shown a green card by a Starter’s Assistant.
are ready, the Start Coordinator will inform the Starter
to issue the first command - ‘On your marks’. When In all cases, the showing of any card must be seen
all athletes are clearly settled, legally positioned (as by all athletes so that no-one is in doubt about the
indicated by the Starter’s Assistant(s)) and still, the consequences of further Rule violations.
Starter will issue the second command – ‘Set’. When 5.5 When considering protests, the Start Referee’s
the athletes have all assumed their final set position, position is crucial.
and are steady, the gun will be fired. The Referee must:
5.2 There is no perfect holding time in the set position. • Allow athletes to ‘run under protest’ (Rule 146.4(a))
In reality, there must be a discernible hold to ensure if an irregularity is suspected in the award of a
all athletes are steady and in the correct starting false start. No protest will be allowed if the false
position. start equipment is working correctly and a false
The Starter must stop a race if: start has been indicated.
• ´An athlete, after assuming a full and final set • Retrospectively disqualify an athlete (Rule 162.7)
position, commences his starting motion before when a race is completed, a protest is lodged
receiving the report of the gun (Rule 162.6). about the start and an offence has been
• ´He receives a signal from the false start committed. The false start equipment (where
equipment. available) must be considered.
• ´Any Recaller observes any irregularity with a start. • In the need for justice, declare a race void and
order a re-run when the false start detection
5.3 In theory, a Starter can award a false start to several
system is faulty.
athletes if it is indicated that their movement was
more or less simultaneous. Otherwise, the warning • When no false start equipment is in place, take a
must go the athlete indicated as making the first position to accurately see the start of all the
movement. (See note to Rule 162.7) athletes in a race and make his own judgement
In all cases, the team must: on the legality of a start. This adds greater
importance to the recommendation that the Start
• Consider all evidence that they have to hand Referee is an experienced starter.
including the false start equipment analysis.
• Show the correct coloured cards to demonstrate
the decision – yellow card for the athlete who
committed the false start and to the rest of the

- 11 -
WORKING TOGETHER
Every year we get thousands of candidates who sit As for Track events, I would like to point out one
for the different examinations that are conducted by observation. This involves races that are not run in
MAAU. These candidates fall into two broad lanes- particularly if there are over lappings. The
categories. There are those who take the examination problem becomes worse if it involves a large number
in the hope that it would help them in their pursuit to of runners. Picture the scenario towards the end of
secure advancement in their chosen career which may such a race. The judges are busy trying to figure out
or may not be associated with athletics. Next we have the runners they have been assigned to pick. The Lap
those who sit for the examination solely due to their recorders are frantic, informing the runners the laps
deep love for athletics. to go as this may differ from runner to runner and also
getting those runners who have completed to stop. In
MAAU is firmly committed to improving the standard addition to this we have the timekeepers who
of officiating in the country. It has spared no effort to practically harass the lap recorders to tell them the
ensure that our standard of officiating will be at par runner whom they are supposed to time. While credit
with that from other parts of the world. It is true that a must be given to our officials who have been managing
sound knowledge of Technical Rules is a prerequisite such races well, it cannot be denied that mistakes do
to becoming good officials and we should not happen. Those of us who have been involved in
circumvent them for the sake of convenience. There judging, lap recording or timekeeping should be able
are instances when we need to be a little more to recall the numerous times when the scene is almost
innovative, a little more practical and a little more chaotic.
sensitive so that we reduce any room for error to the
minimum. While there is no easy solution to this problem, let us
view the situation critically. It would help if the judges
Let us look at some of the areas where problems or and timekeepers play their part to help themselves do
controversy may surface. The first one involves the their respective jobs. Usually judges relax until there
horizontal jumps and all the throws where the distance are one or two more laps to go before they spring into
has to be measured and recorded accurately. Rules action. Would it not help if the judges can keep track
require that there be two recorders and the reason for of the progress of the runner or runners they are
this is most obvious. However, there have been responsible for? For example if you are assigned to
instances, especially in lesser meets where shortage pick the 3rd and 4th positions, keep a close watch of
of officials has resulted in having just one recorder. the runners who are in these positions taking into
Although this rarely happens, referees should never consideration any overtaking. Towards the end of the
allow this. But having two recorders is no assurance race when the lap recorders call out who is coming in
that mistakes cannot happen. A few years ago at one 3rd or 4th , it would be just to confirm the runners you
National Meet where there were two recorders, there have been following. What happens most of the time
was a discrepancy between the distances recorded is that the judges rely completely on the lap recorders
by the two officials and this resulted in the competitor to determine the position of the runners. Allow me to
concerned qualifying for the SEA Games. Fortunately share a scenario at a major meet. The referee asked
the competitor concerned pointed out that there must a judge why he placed competitor wearing bib 477 in
have been an error and admitted that he was not the 6th place. The judge replied that the lap recorder
capable of achieving such a distance. said so. As a judge one should try and minimize this
kind of problem from coming up. Judges should not
So, how can we eliminate such errors? Here are a take “time off” during the progress of long races.
few suggestions. Firstly, ensure that the officials go
about their job in a serious manner. Do not provide This is the same with timekeepers. Timekeepers
recorders with facilities to be seated. The two should not shift the blame onto the lap recorders if
recorders should not be on the same side of the they time the wrong position. They should try and keep
runway, circle or sector. Next, the recorders should track of the runners in the position they are assigned
see the distance while it is being read out and then to time and use information provided by the lap
record it. Then, at the end of the round the recorders recorders to check. Can we deny that timekeepers
can check the distances as is required by rule 126.3. take “time off” during long races?
But ,let us say that there is a discrepancy. How is it
going to be corrected? Which of the two differing Note: This problem will continue to exist even with
distances is going to be accepted? It is for this reason photo finish equipment, as long as the races are not
that I suggest recorders verify the distance run in lanes, involve a large number of runners and
recorded immediately after each and every trial. with over lapping. Perhaps we should consider
This will only take a second and can be done without providing “lane” numbers to all the runners in races
any hassle while waiting for the next trial. If there is a not run in lanes. If there are 12 runners –provide all of
discrepancy, it can be rectified immediately as them with no. 1 – 12.
everyone concerned would still remember the
distance. Some Chief Judges too record the distances, In conclusion I have this to say. We are in it together,
but I feel that a good Chief Judge will have his hands and so let us help one another and work towards zero
full and as such should not take on additional error.
responsibilities.
S.R.Chandran

- 12 -
OFFICIALS BRIEFING MEETING
The Official Briefing forms an integral part of any 11. EQUIPMENTS AND DISTRIBUTION.
sports meet. It is to ensure that the meet is carried - Collection / Return of Equipments by
out as planned. It also gives everyone concerned Chiefs.
the opportunity to meet, be updated, voice any - Referees / Chief Judges verify / check if
queries and discuss any aspect of the meet. equipment used comply with rules/
specification.
1. WELCOME ADDRESS - Athletes’ own equipment if any
- Score cards and other forms
2 INTRODUCTION OF KEY OFFICIALS. - Walkie Talkie distribution and its proper
usage
3. EVENTS SCHEDULE
- Programmes 12. TECHNICAL AIDES .
- Start list - Reporting time and their enclosure.
- Information on events and changes made - Person in charge and number of TA
during the team managers meeting. allocated

4. DELEGATION OF DUTIES 13. RESULTS FLOW


- Assistant Meet Managers - To scoreboard, announcers and Technical
Information centre
5. TECHNICAL INFORMATION CENTRE - Distribution of information to team
- Location managers
- Personnel at Technical Information Centre - Number of copies / pigeon holes
(TIC) - Final results Book /CD

6. PUNCTUALITY : 14. DOPING CONTROL


- Reporting Times – Technical Manager / - Place and coordination
Assistant Technical Managers, Call Room
Manager / Judges, ( 1 hour earlier) All other 15. PRESS/MEDIA
Officials 45 minutes earlier.) - Requirements and results
- Reporting time and place , - Control / Marshals
- Maintain discipline during officiating ,
- Full Uniform , properly attired with dark 16. ACCOMODATION AND TRANSPORT
pants and black shoes - Transportation to and from the Stadium -
Schedule
7. WARM UP AREAS
- Location of these areas to be made known 17. PRIZE GIVING
- Athletes flow and time - Synchronisation with Assistant Meet
Manager / Event Presentation Manager
8 FIELD LAYOUT – SYSTEMS USED and scoreboard
- EDM – number of equipment / operators
- Display Boards 18. OFFICIALS’ WELFARE
- Photofinish & False Start Apparatus - Souvenirs and allowance.
- Online timers - Refreshment and food. (Time and location.)
- Scoreboard for field events. - Official Dinner
- Car Stickers
9. MIXED ZONES - Contact Numbers
- Location and flow of athletes

10. CALL ROOM PROCEDURES


- Number of call rooms and location. By: S.Chinetamby
- Necessary items in the call room – Clocks,
Lane numbers, White board.
- Athletes reporting time / schedule

- 13 -
ATHLETICS QUIZ ANSWERS
1. Where and when was the first modern Olympics held? 1. 1896, Athens, Greece
2. Who is currently holding the Men’s Long Jump world
2. Mike Powel - USA - 8.95m
record?
3. Can you name one marathon runner who has won 3. Adebe Bikila (Ethopia) 1960-Rome and 1964-Tokyo
successive Olympics? 4. 1912
4. When was IAAF founded? 5. The 100m. Sprint.
5. What is known as the “blue ribbon” event in Athletics?
6. Dr.Roger Bannister on 6.5.1954
6. Who was the first man to run a sub-four minute mile?
7. In which Olympics was womens’ athletics events first 7. Amsterdam, 1928
introduced ? 8. 1980, Moscow Olympics onwards
8. When was starting blocks made compulsory? 9. 1964- Tokyo Olympics onwards
9. From what year was electronic timing officially
10. Monte Carlo, Monaco
introduced?
10. Where is the office of the world Governing body for
Contributed by : P.Solomon
athletics situated?

TITBITS TITBITS FROM THE MAAU EXAM

At a games village, an athlete was going for his Satu rekod dalam acara Lompat Kijang telah
training session. At the entrance to the training dicapai. Pegawai yang harus dirujukan supaya
centre, the friendly security personnel asked the rekod itu boleh disahkan ialah ……………..
athlete : Jawapan : Jabatan Statistik Negara
Are you a pole-vaulter?
It is the duty of the ………… to supervise the
The athlete replied : Yes, I am from Poland, transit of athletes between the warm up area and
but how did you know that my name is the competition area.
Walter? Answer: Chairman of transport committee.

While our national team was in a foreign country, Mengapakah papan pamir diperlukan bagi
the coach informed the team manager that a
particular athlete was scratched and won’t be Titbits From MAAU Exam
running in the following event.
Draw the symbol for
floating in the walking
The team manager asked the coach if the event in the circle given.
scratch was serious and needed medical
treatment.

PINDAAN PERATURAN
Amendments to IAAF Competition Rules

IAAF Competition Rule Changes


* Except for the World Championships and Olympic
* A number of changes were adopted by the IAAF Games, events may be held in a different format
Congress in August 2009. from that provided under the IAAF Competition.
Herewith we have listed briefly some of the Rules
* The edited version of these changes have been that have been amended.
included in the new, 2010-2011 edition of the Please refer to the Rule Book for the complete
Competition Rules. list of amendments.

- 14 -
Rule 119: Jury of Appeal is not accessible or available, the protest should
be made to him via the TIC.
The Jury of Appeal-to include a Walk Judge if In horizontal Field Events and Vertical Field Events
protest concerns Rule 230 (Race Walking) Athletes may compete under protest in specific
No Jury member should deliberate protests circumstances and the result may be valid.
involving his own Member Federation.
Rule 160.1: Track Measurements
Rule 125.5: Referees
The Kerb on the two straights may be replaced
For the implementation of Rule 145.2 with white lines 5 cm wide.
(Disqualification), warnings and exclusions
decided by a Referee shall be communicated to Rule 162. The Start
the Competition Secretary and to the other
Referees. In competitions under Rules 1.1 a,b,c,e & i, the
The Road Race Referee shall, if practicable, give Starter’s commands shall be in English only.
a warning prior to a disqualification.
If in the judgement of the Starter an athlete fails to
Rule 127.4 Note (2): Umpires comply with his commands or disturbs other
athletes, he may abort the start and warn or
The Umpire(s) shall report to the Referee any disqualify the athlete concerned.
breach of the Rules, even if the athlete (or team, Any athlete responsible for a false start shall be
for relay races) did not finish the race. disqualified.
For Combined Events there shall be one false
Rule 132: Competition Secretary start.

For competitions 1.1 (a), (b), (c), (f), and (g) a Rule 165.5: Timing and Photo Finish
Technical Information Centre (TIC) will be
established. (This is also recommended for other Timekeepers shall use manually operated
competitions held over more than one day). electronic timers with digital readouts.
The Chief Photo Finish Judge shall:
Rule 137: Measurement Judge (Scientific) * supervise the testing of the equipment,
* ensure that the camera(s) is correctly aligned,
One or more Measurement Judges shall be * initiate zero control test before each session
appointed when Electronic or Video Distance (with Track Referee and Starter).
Measurement, or any other scientific
measurement device, is used. Rule 166.2: Seedings, Draws and Qualification in
The ITO, Referee and Judges shall certify and Track Events
sign all such result cards.
Whenever possible, representatives of each
Rule 141: Age Groups nation or team and the best athletes shall be
placed in different heats in all preliminary rounds
Master Men and Women: Any athlete who has of the competition.
reached his / her 35th birthday for stadia events
and 40th birthday for out-of- stadia events. Rule 167: Ties

Rule 144.1 – Assistance to Athletes In the case of a tie, the tied athletes shall be placed
in the next round, and when this is not practicable,
The Referee shall allow intermediate times to be lots shall be drawn to determine which athlete (s)
given only when there are no time displays. will progress.

Rule 144.2 : Giving Assistance Rule 181. – General Conditions ( Vertical Jumps )

Only shoes complying with Rule 143 shall be Placings


allowed. This has been reworded and made more effective.

Rule 146.3: Protests and Appeals Jump-off


This too has been reworded to remove any
The person or team making the protest must have discrepancies.
a bona fide interest in the event(s). If the referee

- 15 -
GROUP PERSON
PERSONAL AL A CCIDENT POLICY SCHEDULE
ACCIDENT
JADUAL POLISI KEMALANGAN DIRI BERKUMPULAN
No. Polisi : N-5-09-H-002265
1 R.GOVINDARAJU 26 MOHD SHARIFUDDIN BIN ABD AZIZ 51 ZAININ JOHARI 76 MOHD IDRIS MOHD NORDIN
2 N.PADMANATHAN 27 KILLIVALAVAN A/L RAMASAMY 52 ZULPEKRI BIN YAHYA 77 MOHD SHUKRI BIN ABD RAHMAN
3 K.YELLUMALAI 28 SHAKIRAH BT AHMAD DAMANHURI 53 ABDUL AZIZ ABDUL RASHID 78 MOHAN SUNTHERAN
4 S.S.BARATHAN 29 S.ARUNANDY 54 AIMAN CHEAH TIONG CHAP 79 MOHD FAIRUZ HUMAN
5 N.NALARAJAH 30 S.ANANTHAN 55 ABD RAHMAN MOHD YUSOF 80 MOHD GHAZALI AHMAD
6 A.MOHANARAJU 31 LT.COL ( R ) S.ANTHONYSAMY 56 ABDUL WAHAB AHMED KAMALDEEN 81 MOHD SUHAIMI BIN MOHD NOOR
7 S.ANANTHA MURALI 32 BALBIR SINGH 57 HJ AHMAD WAHID HJ HASHIM 82 NOR AZLAN BIN MOHAMAD
8 G.AMUTHAN 33 CHANDRA SUPPIAH 58 HJ AHMAD BUN MOHD ZIN 83 NG POH KHENG
9 R.ALAGAPPAN 34 CHEONG CHOK CHOW 59 AZIZAH MOHIDEEN 84 NORHARIZAM MOHD YUSOF
10 D.NATHAN 35 K.GOPAL 60 ABDUL SAMAT NORHERMAN 85 NORESAH BTE MOHD SHARIFF
11 MOKHTAR SAMIN 36 H.J.GULAM GHANI MOHD AYOUB 61 P.BALA SARAS PATHY 86 NOR IZAM HJ SAMINI
12 T.KUNA CEGERAM 37 V.JAYARAMA 62 BALAKRISHNAN PRJ 87 NORAZNIWATI ABD WAHAB
13 V.KYLASPATHI 38 K.KALAWATHY 63 L.CHANDRAVIJAYAN LECTHUMANAN 88 NORIZAN ADNAN
14 M.K.NARAYANASAMY 39 MAHADEVI A/P RAGHAVAN 64 GOH BONG HUA 89 AHMAD FOZI BIN HUSIN
15 CHEW BEE BEE 40 S.MAHALINGAM 65 HAMDAN MOIN 90 V.PONNAMBALAN
16 G.SIVANESAN 41 S.MUREGESU 66 IBRAHIM SABTU 91 B.RAVICHANDRAN
17 K.SHANMUGAVELU 42 LT.COL ( B ) NOOKARAJOO 67 K.KAMALA DEVI 92 ROSLAN WAHIT
18 S.MANOGARAN 43 R.PIRIAMALAR 68 KHOO CHONG BENG 93 HJH ROSITA JAAFAR
19 SHI CHEK HUAY 44 S.PALAKRISHNAN 69 LAI NANCY 94 HJH SELAMAH ABAS
20 BOO HUN CHAI 45 G.RAMAN 70 MARINA HASHIM 95 M.SRI BALASUBRAMANIAM
21 LIM HUAT YENG 46 SHAMSIAH MOHD ALI 71 MARINUS JOHNNY 96 S.SUNDRAMORTHY
22 K.KRISHNA MOORTY 47 M.SIVAMALAR 72 MOHD AZIM MOHD AMIN 97 A.SELVAKUMAR
23 KANESAN A/L KANDIAH 48 R.SIVANESAN 73 MOHD AZMI OSMAN 98 AYASHARIZAL SULONG @ SHAMSUDIN
24 SUBRAMANIAM A/L SANDARAN 49 M.THAVAMANI 74 MOHD AZAM ABDUL RAHMAN 99 K.THILAGAWATHY
25 SELVARAJ A/L SALAKUTHY 50 VEJAYA BAPPUSAMY 75 MOHD AZAMIL MOHD NOOR

GROUP PERSON
PERSONAL AL A CCIDENT POLICY SCHEDULE
ACCIDENT
JADUAL POLISI KEMALANGAN DIRI BERKUMPULAN
No. Polisi : N-5-09-H-002265
100 TEEN SUK MAN 126 BHANGARAN @BARGAVAN A/L 150 HAMIDAH MOHD HASHIM 175 RAJASEGRAN A/L SHANMUGAM
101 THOMAS ANTHONY MADHVAN 151 AHMAD JALANI BIN HALUS 176 ANNAMALAI A/L RAMASAMY
102 TEO HUN BOON 127 MEJAR (B) RAJASAIKARAN 152 HJ CHE NOORDIN BIN MAT SALLEH 177 THAVAMANI A/L CHARAVALI
103 ZAINAL RASHID ABD WAHID NAGURAN 153 MUHD ASOKAN BIN ABDULLAH 178 KANAPATHY PILLAI A/L ARUMUGAM
104 ZAITON DAUD 128 AVADAYAN A/L RAMASAMY 154 BONNIE RUDOLF 179 SUSAN ALOW SAIT LEIN
105 ANTHONYSAMY A/L SILVARAJOO 129 PARAMESVERAJAH MAHAN 155 FRANCIS SHIM THIEN KUI 180 ABDUL KADIR BIN MAT NOH
106 LIM HONG CHAI 130 SINNATHAMBY A/L SINNASAMY 156 KARIM IBRAHIM 181 MANIKARAN A/L GOVINDASAMY
107 CHINETAMBY A/L SUPPIAH 131 NOOR AZIKIN HUSEIN 157 ROBERT AERIA 182 THIAGARAJAN A/L N.CHELLIAH
108 SANTHAMOORTHI A/L CHANDRIAH 132 SUBRAMANIAM MICHEAL 158 ABD SATAR ABU HASSAN 183 BALU A/L DORAISAMY
109 ISHAK ABD JALIL 133 IDAYU ZAINAL 159 TAN CHU HUWAH 184 SAMINDER KAUR A/P BALWANT
110 SYED ZULKAFLI SYED A.KARIM 134 DAHLIAWATI ISHAK 160 LIM AN SOON SINGH
111 WONG YEW CHUNG 135 HAFIDZAH MOHAMAD NOPIAH 161 WUA TIEW JEN 185 SINNAPA A/L PERUMAL
112 V.SASITHARAN 136 HALIMAH WAHID 162 MUHAMMAD NOR HAMZAH 186 MOHAMAD@SHAMSUDDIN BIN
113 RAMAMOORTHY RAMANAIDU 137 ODEAN SUNTIRAN A/L RAMAN 163 ZAMANI ASHAARI 187 MAT YUSOFF BIN AWANG MAT
114 MARIASELINAR ANTHONY 138 CHIN SIEW WAH 164 MATHIVANAN A/L VELLASAMY 188 AZIZ BIN JAAFAR
115 TAN KAH LEONG 139 RUSNAYATI ABDUL AZIZ 165 GANESAN A/L NALLAIAH 189 ROZAIZUNI BINTI GHAZALI
116 SIMON SATHIYAKUMAR 140 HANIF BIN SHAMSUDIN 166 GOVINDAN A/L PERUMAL 190 ROSMAN BIN SULONG
117 LEE TECK SOON 141 ANDRIANI BINTI TAMBEH 167 PAUL FRANCIS 191 ABDUL HALIM BIN AZIZ
118 LIM TENG HOCK 142 ABDUL RAUP BIN ABD RAHMAN 168 HO KEE WEE 192 MOHD MAZRI BIN MOHAMAD
119 YAACOB MANAF 143 ASNORSAZANA MOHD SALLEH 169 ZULKIFLI BIN MOHAMED 193 TAN BOON SENG
120 KALAICHELVAN GM KANNAN 144 CHINATHAMBY A/L CHINAPAN 170 ABD RAHIM BIN ABU BAKAR 194 V.GOVINDASAMY
121 HJ ABDULLAH PILUS 145 JUNAIDAH ISA 171 TEO GEK LENG 195 GAN EE KA
122 ARANKANNAL SONDARAJAN 146 JALALUDIN BIN ABU BAKAR 172 TENGKU SAMSUDIN BIN TENGKU 196 TEOH YEW TEIK
123 ARUMUGAM A/L PALANISAMY 147 MOHD NAZARUL BIN MUHAMAD 173 NOR ABIDIN BIN ABU TALIB 197 R.MUNIANDY
124 SHANMUGAM PONNUSAMY 148 MOHD ASRI BIN OTHMAN 174 MOHD YUSOF BIN YAACOB 198 CHONG KEE SENG
125 ANPALAGAN A/L MUNUSAMY 149 MARINA BT DIN

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GROUP PERSON
PERSONAL AL A CCIDENT POLICY SCHEDULE
ACCIDENT
JADUAL POLISI KEMALANGAN DIRI BERKUMPULAN
No. Polisi ; N-5-09-H-002265
199 V.PETHAPERUMAL 224 LIHIEN ANAK NASU 249 ISTAMAM BIN AJIR 273 HELMI MOHAMMAD
200 RUTH MARY 225 ADON SULAIMAN 250 JAGDISH SINGH A/L ABNASH SINGH 274 SOEF ISMAIL
201 ALPHANSO NATHAN 226 JOSHUA ANAK PANGGAU 251 INDRAN A/L SUBRUMANIAM 275 MOHD JASNI MOHD DESA
202 N.MUNUSAMY 227 WONG TOK HUA 252 ABDUL RAHIM MOHD NOOR 276 TEOH POOI GUAN
203 M.BILOO 228 MELEK ARBI 253 ANDRUS KUMAR SIMON 277 B.SIVAKUMAR
204 AHRUMUGAM A/L RANGASAMY 229 MUSA KARIA 254 GUNASEGAR A/L MANICKAM 278 CHIN CHIN LAN
205 P.PODIMHATIA 230 WEE HOCK SENG 255 NALLALUTHAN A/L PERIASAMY 279 MD KHALIB SAARI
206 BOSS LINGAM 231 FOO CHUNG MIN 256 MUSA BIN MOHAMAD SHARI 280 K.SUPERAMANIAM
207 S.PANDIAN 232 SANG FAY LEE 257 MUNUSAMY A/L THANGAVELU 281 K.MURUGIAH
208 LIM TZE YAW 233 NYANAKUMAR A/L KUMARASAMY 258 HASIM BIN KADIR 282 G.MOGAN
209 JOSEPH CHIOK HOCK HUA 234 HAMID BIN MOHAMED 259 HARJEET SINGH 283 ABDUL RAHMAN MANSOR
210 LEONG BENG KEONG 235 MOHD KHAIRUDDIN BIN AB,WAHID 260 MOHAMED SHOKRI HAJI HASHIM 284 HJ.MOHTAR MURAD
211 JOSEPHINE KANG TEOK KOON 236 ARUNASALAM A/L MOOKAN PILLAI 261 GUNASEELAN A/L SUBRAMANIAM 285 MOHD GHAZALI MAT SAAD
212 KASIM ANAK MANA 237 ZAHARI BIN OMAR 262 SENG HOON KIEW 286 A.GOVADAN
213 CHIN YUNG HO 238 MAHALINGAM A/L MUNIANDY 263 MANIVANNAN A/L MUNIANDY 287 YAHYA MOHD NOR
214 MARY TANG 239 NAGARETNAM A/L NAGAMUTHU 264 ABDUL HAMID BIN JUSOH 288 T.MURUGAN
215 JOHNNY PATRICK 240 SEBASTIAN PEREIRA 265 LIM POH YIEN 289 SHUIB SHAFIE
216 ALAN TEO AIK LOONG 241 CHIN KIM HAR 266 KULASEHARAN A/L DURAI 290 MD.BUKHARI AHMAD
217 CHIL RAZAK 242 KRISHNAN A/L PATCHIAPPAN 267 PATMARANI A/P N. 291 ABDUL GHANI DAUD
218 PATRICK NICLASS 243 RAMALINGAM A/L KUPPAN DAMODARAMPILLAY 292 CHONG KEAN SENG
219 JOHNNY LING YUEN LEE 244 ABU BAKAR BIN MOIDEEN 268 MOHAN A/L GOVINDASAMY 293 MOHD SUKRI MOHD ARIFF
220 GOH KIM SENG 245 ASNAH BINTI DIN 269 S.GOVINDARAJOO 294 TAN HEN SAW
221 ADWIN SIJIB 246 JALALUDIN BIN SAHABUDIN 270 ONG KEK HEANG 295 V.KAMALAVALLI
222 RATHA A/L PERUMAL 247 MOHD NASIR BIN MISRON 271 HANG SOO HEANG 296 ABD RAHIM MAN
223 JEFFERY THIEN 248 AHMAD NAZRI BIN ZAINAL ABIDIN 272 ILYAS MD ALI

REKOD KEBANGSAAN - LELAKI


(Sehingga 01.01.2010)
Acara Rekod Nama Negeri Tempat Kejohanan Tarikh
100 Meter 10.30s Watson Nyambek Sarawak Bukit Jalil 15/07/1998
200 Meter 20.92s Dr. M. Jegathesan Selangor Mexico City (Olympics) 15/10/1968
400 Meter 46.41s Mohd Zaiful Z. Abidin K. Lumpur Brunei DS 20/07/2001
800 Meter 1:47.37s B. Rajakumar Selangor Jakarta 26/09/1985
1500 Meter 3:45.70s M Vadivellan Perak Korat 12/11/2007
5000 Meter 14:06.84s M. Ramachandran Johor Troisdorf, GER 08/05/1994
10,000 Meters 29:30.19s M. Ramachandran Johor Victoria, CAN 27/08/1994
Marathon 2:29:27s K. Baskaran Penang Singapore 12/02/2001
110m L/P 13.73s Nur Herman Majid Singapura Hiroshima 15/10/1994
400m L/P 51.83s M. Ravinthiran Kedah Kangar 20/08/1996
3000m L/B 8:59.10s N. Shanmuganathan Selangor Bukit Jalil 17/09/1998
L. Tinggi 2.27m Lee Hup Wei * Selangor Beijing 25/05/2008
L. Bergalah 5.00m Teh Weng Chang Perak K. Lumpur 24/03/2002
Lompat Jauh 7.88m Josbert Tinus Sabah Thailand 10/05/2007
Lompat Kijang 16.29m Mohd Zaki Sadri Perak K. Lumpur 21/08/1989
L/Peluru 16.67m Mohd Nazar Abd Rahim Perak P. Pinang 19/08/1995
L/Cakera 47.33m Ngu Kit Min Sarawak P.Pinang 19/09/2006
L/Tukul Besi 58.52m Wong Tee Kui Sarawak Singapore 09/05/1993
M. Lembing 73.34m Mohd Yazid Imran Johor Singapore 09/02/1995
10km J/K (R) 42:36.00s Teoh Boon Lim P.Pinang Einsenhittenstadt, GER, 05/11/1996
20km J/K (R) 1:24.50s Narinder Singh Selangor Prague, CZE 19/04/1997
50km J/K (R) 4:10.05s G. Saravanan P.Pinang K. Lumpur 21/09/1998
10000m J/K (T) 43:03.2s R. Mogan N.Sem Seremban 05/10/1997
20000m J/K (T) 1:30.43s B. Thirukumaran K.Lumpur Kangar 03/02/1997
4x100 Meter 39.83s Pasukan Malaysia K. Lumpur 15/09/2001
Watson Nyambek, Azmi IbrahIm, Nazmizan Muhamad, R. Ganeshwaran

4x400 Meter 3:06.69s Pasukan Malaysia K. Lumpur 23/10/1991


Azhar Hashim, Mohd Yazid Parlan, V. Samson, Nordin Jadi
Decathon 6989 mata Mohd Malik Tobias Melaka Brunei 08/09/1999
100m: 11.53s 400m: 54.18s 1500m: 5:52.78s 110m L/Pagar: 15.24s L/Jauh: 7.21m
L/Tinggi: 2.05m L/Bergalah: 4.60m L/Peluru: 13.57m L/Cakera: 39.53m M/Lembing: 63.10m

Pentathlon 2657 mata Pok Chee Sing N. Sembilan K. Lumpur 08/01/1998


6.39-41, 92-24, 37-27, 01-5, 15.48

- 17 -
MR. S. VEGIYATHUMAN
SEORANG TOKOH OLAHRAGA
Beliau adalah seorang Pegawai Teknik, Pentadbir, Penganjur, Penasihat
Pengarah dan Pengurus bagi sukan / olahraga disemua peringkat. Ini hanya
mampu dilakukan jika seseorang itu berjiwa sukan dan maklumat ini, adalah
secara ringkas, bukti penglibatannya itu.
Encik Vegi dilahirkan di Bukit Mertajam, Pulau Pinang pada 5hb Ogos
1941. Beliau mula berkhidmat dalam bidang Olahraga pada tahun 1966.

1970 : Memegang Jawatan Setiausaha Selangor A.A.A. dan kemudian


Khidmat Olahraga Setiausaha Selangor dan Kuala Lumpur A.A.A. dan akhir sekali
(i) Negeri Setiausaha Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur AAA dari tahun
(ii) Kebangsaan 1985 hingga sekarang.
(iii) Antarabangsa 1978 : Menjadi Ahli Majlis Tertinggi KOAM dari tahun 1978 hingga
sekarang
1995 : Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Jalan Kaki KOAM mulai 1995
1996 : Menjadi Ahli “Board” dan Majlis Tertinggi dalam KOAM dari tahun
1996 hingga sekarang.
1981 : Hakim Jalan Kaki Antarabangsa (IAAF) hingga sekarang.
2003 : Ahli Jawatankuasa Jalan Kaki Antrabangsa (IAAF) hingga 2007
2006 : Dilantik sebagai Pensyarah IAAF bagi menyelia Kursus Pengadil
Jalan Kaki Asia.
2004 : Telah dilantik Hakim Jalan Kaki – Olympics - Athens

Anugerah Negeri Dan 2005 : JSM oleh Yang Dipertua Agong


Kebangsaan 1978 : PPN oleh Yang Dipertua Agong
1988 : AMN oleh Yang Dipertua Agong
1977 : PJK oleh Sultan Selangor

Perjawatan i Pengurus Venue Olahraga ke 17 Sukan Commonwealth


Games 98.
ii Persatuan Olahraga Amatur Wilayah Persekutuan
(Sukarelawan sepenuh / masa Setiausaha Kehormat).

Penglibatan Dalam • Dilantik sebagai Pegawai Teknik, Pengurus Teknik, Hakim Jalan
Sukan SEA mulai 1968 Kaki / Ketua Hakim Jalan Kaki
di K.L. dan Negara- • Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Teknik dan Kemudahan Sukan Sea
Negara Asia dianjurkan di Negara kita pada tahun 1977, 1988, 2001.
• Penyelaras Acara di Sukan SEA Hanoi 2003

• Menjadi Hakim Jalan Kaki / Ketua Hakim Jalan Kaki :


Asian Games, New Delhi (India),Seoul (South Korea),Beijing
Penglibatan Dalam
(China) Bangkok (Thailand), Hiroshima (Japan), Pusan (South
Sukan Asia
Korea), Doha
• Terpilih sebagai Hakim / Ketua Hakim Jalan Kaki : Asia Track and
Field Championships, Jakarta, Bangkok, Manila, Kuwait, Aman
Jordan.
• Menjawat sebagai Pensyarah Krusus Kepegawaian Jalan Kaki
Asia.

- 18 -
Setiausaha Protokol acara –acara jalan kaki Sukan Olimpik Seoul.
Penglibatan Dalam • Hakim Jalan Kaki : Sukan Universiti Dunia - Kobe, Japan / Beijing, China
Sukan Di Negara- • Ketua Hakim Jalan Kaki Sukan Universiti Dunia di Fukoka (Japan), dan Degu
Negara Antarabangsa L Korea Selatan, Bangkok (Thailand).- (World University Games).
• Hakim Jalankaki di Kejohanan Olahraga Dunia, Spain 1999. (World Athletics
Championships) dan Helsinki (Finland) 2003.
• Ketua Hakim Jalan Kaki di Pertandingan World Race Walking-Cup di
Naumberg (Germany).
Beliau juga turut hadir Congress IAAF pada tahun 2004 di Paris dan juga di
OSAKA pada tahun 2007.

Sukan Komanwel • Hakim Jalan Kaki Sukan Komanwel, Victoria (Canada- 1994).
• Menjadi “Venue Manager”, Stadium Bukit Jalil 1998 Sukan Komanwel.
• Pegawai Hakim Jalan Kaki Sukan Komanwel Manchester -2002.

Sukan Olimpik Athens • Menjadi Pegawai pertama negara, dan kedua di Asia, dipilih menjadi Hakim
2004 Jalan Kaki di Olympic Games 2004

• Terlibat dalam Pengelolaan MAKSAK mulai 1969 hingga sekarang.


Majlis Kebudayaan & • Juga terlibat sama dalam pengelolaan Olahraga MAKSWIP, MAKSAK
Sukan Anggota Selangor.
Kerajaan (MAKSWIP) • Menjadi AJK Pengelola Lumba Jalan Kaki MAKSWIP 1980.
Dan MAKSAK • Memegang jawatan: Pengurus Kejohanan – Pengurus Teknik – Ahli Juri
Rayuan- Ketua Hakim Jalankaki.

Kejohanan Olahraga • Pengasas Olahraga antara Bank, yang mana telah menjadi satu Kejohanan
Antara Bank Terkemuka pada 1980 – 1995.
• Dengan ini juga, membuka jalan untuk para Atelit mendapat pekerjaan di
pelbagai Bank.

• Terlibat dengan aktifnya dalam “Acara Berjalankaki 24jam” yang berlangsung


Kesatuan Lumba Jalan
2 kali di Malaysia.
Kaki Kebangsaan
• Menjawat Jawatan Penasihat dan Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Teknik 24hr. Walk
ini.

(i) Sebagai Setiausaha POAWP , En. S. Vegiyathuman turut terlibat dalam


Majlis Sukan Wilayah
Jawatankuasa MSKL dan MSWP dari tahun 1985
Persekutuan dan Majlis
(ii) Menerima anugerah “Pemimpin Sukan” yang pertama kali diadakan.
Sukan K.L
(iii) Penerima pertama – “MSKL Official of the Year 1990”

K.L International (i) Beliau bertangungjawab meningkatkan taraf Kuala Lumpur International
Marathon Marathon untuk diterima dan diiktirafkan dalam Kalendar Sukan Dunia.

Penutup Beliau selepas berkecimpung 42 tahun dalam arena Sukan dan Olahraga dikenali
oleh orang ramai di seluruh negara sebagai “Mr. Athletics”.

- 19 -
REKOD KEBANGSAAN - WANITA
(Sehingga 01.01.2010)
Acara Rekod Nama Negeri Tempat Tarikh
Kejohanan
100 Meter 11.50s G. Shanti Selangor K. Lumpur 07/05//1993
200 Meter 23.37s G. Shanti Selangor Fukuoka 22/07/1998
400 Meter 52.56s Rabia Abdul Salam P.Pinang Manila 12/03/1993
800 Meter 2:07.44s Josephine Mary P.Pinang Seoul 30/09/1986
1500 Meter 4:23.49s P. Jayanthi Pahang New Delhi 14/09/1993
3000 Meter 9:18.42s P. Jayanthi Pahang Stuttgart, GER 14/08/1993
5000 Meter 16:18.12s Yuan Yu Fang China Jakarta 13/10/1997
10,000 Meter 33:50.80s P. Jayanthi Pahang Bruxelles, BEL 16/07/1994
Marathon 2:49:28s Yuan Yu Fang China K. Lumpur 30/04/2002
100m L/P 13.27s Moh Siew Wei Pahang Kassel 06/11/2004
400m L/P 56.02 Noraseela Khalid Selangor Regendburg 17/06/2006
3000m L/B 11:43.79s Vally Micheal Melaka Seremban 06/04/2004
L. Tinggi 1.78m Shabana Khanum Jalal Din Georgtown Bangkok 4/5/2005
L. Bergalah 4.40m Roslinda Samsu Kedah Spain 07/10/2006
Lompat Jauh 6.27m Ngew Sin Mei K. Lumpur Manila 27/11/2005
Lompat Kijang 13.74m Ngew Sin Mei K. Lumpur Bukit Jalil 09/10/2004
L/Peluru 14.41m Lee Chew Har Sarawak K. Lumpur 15/07/1989
L/Cakera 46.66m Yap Jeng Tzan * N.Sem Terengganu 06/04/2008
L/Tukul Besi 55.67m Tan Song Hwa * Pahang Kuantan 18/05/2008
M. Lembing 47.50m Norsham Yoon Selangor K. Lumpur 23/08/1989
5000m J/K (T) 21.30.9s Yuan Yu Fang China K. Lumpur 03/08/1998
10,000m J/K (T) 45:22.05s Yuan Yu Fang China Brunei 08/09/1999
20,000m J/K (T) 1:39:58.0s Yuan Yu Fang China Bukit Jalil 04/04/1999
10km J/K (R) 45:27.00s Cheng Tong Lean Kedah Prague 20/04/1997
20km J/K (R) 1:32.25s Yuan Yu Fang China Manila 23/09/2003

4x100m 45.37s Pasukan Malaysia K. Lumpur 24/8/1989


Anita Ali, G. Shanti, Sajaratuldur Hamzah, Mumtaz Jaafar
4x400m 3:35.83s Pasukan Malaysia Singapura 17/06/1993
R. Shanti, Josephine Mary, G. Shanti, Rabia Abd. Salam
Heptathlon 5175 points Zaiton Othman P. Pinang Manila 11-12/12/1981
200m: 25.96s 800m: 2:23.26 100m L/P: 14.70s Lompat Jauh: 5.58m
L/Tinggi:1.67m L/Prluru: 9.39m M/Lembing: 40.80m

OBITUARY
Krishnan Kutty Nair
KOAM Registration Number 0324
17.02.1934 31.03.2008
Years may pass by, but even if we try, how can we ever forget Kutty as he was fondly known. Mr Krishnan
Kutty Nair was one of the earliest to qualify as Technical Officials. His Registration Number 0324 itself will
speak volumes of his long and dedicated service to Athletics. His involvement in athletics started way back
in the sixties and his deep-rooted love for athletics never dimmed through the years. On the contrary, his
involvement and enthusiasm grew from strength to strength and culminated in he being appointed to Manage
volunteers during Sukom 98 ( Commonwealth Games which Malaysia proudly hosted in 1998 )
Mr.N.Krishnan Kutty served as a teacher and principal in several schools in Kedah and Penang and later
moved to Negeri Sembilan. His advice and expertise was always in demand and readily available. He was
the kind of character who had difficulty saying, “No” to those who came to him for help.
He was responsible for many teachers in Kedah becoming Technical Officials.
Mr Kutty was synonymous with his never ending jokes and laughter. His wit and substance of humor
made him one of a kind. With him around, there was never a dull moment. He was a man of matter and this
he proved beyond doubt when he regularly participated in the Penang Marathon and never failed to record
respectable times.
Kutty was a great leader-a leader who could handle any responsibility calmly with inexnaustible patience.
He was also very deeply involved in religious and social service. His untimely demise has left a void that can
never be filled. Those who knew him well will forever miss this great guy.
Contributed by : Editorial Board

- 20 -
KEASTUAN OLAHRAGA AMATUR MALAYSIA
TAKWIM OLARAGA 2010
KEJOHANAN /
COMPETITION/SEMINAR/KURSUS
BULAN TEMPAT BULAN TEMPAT

JAN JUN
24 FTAAA Under Distance Tun Razak KL 1 Asian Grand Prix Bangalore IND
4 Kejohanan Olahraga Pra-Sukma Kedah A.Setar Kedah
FEB 5 Asian Grand Prix Chemburi IND
6 Putrajaya Night Marathon Putrajaya Putrajaya 9 Asian Grand Prix Chennai IND
7 Perak AAA Under Distance Ipoh Perak 10 - 19. SUKAN MALAYSIA XIII, 2010 Melaka
21 Lari Berganti-Ganti Terbuka NS P.Dickson NS (13-16) Athletics
21 City Day Run Dataran KL 12-13 Commonwealth Games Baton Run KL MAS
24-26 4th Asian Indoor Championship Tehran IRAN 27 Standard Chartered KL Marathon Dataran KL MAS
27 Langkawi International Triathlon P.Langkawi Kedah
27 POA KelantanCross Country K.Bharu Kelantan JULAI
28 FTAAA Cross Country Kiara KL 1- 4 Asian Junior Athletics Championships Hanoi Vietnam
28 Penang AAA Cross Country T Kumbar Penang 3-4 Kejohanan Olahraga Terbuka POA Johor tbc Johor
4 KWYP Penang Hill Climb Youth Park Penang
MAC 4 Ipoh International Run Ipoh Perak
3-4 FTAAA Junior Meet MSN KL 10-11 71st Selangor Octagon AAA Championships PJ Selangor
7 FTAAA All Comers Tun Razak KL 11 Seremban Half Marathon Seremban NS
12-14 13th IAAF World Indoor Championships Doha QAT 17-18 Kejohanan Olahraga Terbuka POA Perak Ipoh Perak
13 KL Towerthon (Night) Menara KL KL 17-18 Penang Open /Junior Athletic C’ships (under 17) USM Penang
13 Marathon Mini Olimpik TLDM Lumut Perak 17-18 57th Sarawak State C’ships Kuching Sarawak
14 Asian Race Walking Championships Nomi City JPN 12-16 ASEAN Schools tbc MAS
17 MSS Kelantan K.Bharu Kelantan 20-25 13TH IAAF World Junior Championships Moncton CAN
18-20 Kejohanan Olahraga Mini Olimpik TLDM Lumut Perak 24 Kejohanan Olahraga POA Kelantan K.Bharu Kelantan
20-21(tbc)MAAU Octagon Under Distance Meet KL MAS 28-30 (tbc)Kejohanan Olahraga ATM Ipoh Perak
24-29 Marathon KL-Maran KL/Maran MAS 30 -1 Ogos MAAU Octagon Meet (Closed) (tbc) KL MAS
27 30th Milo Golden Mile Races Kuching Sarawak
27 National Cross Country K.Bharu MAS OGOS
28 38th IAAF World Cross Country Championships 1 Tanjung 10 KM Run Jln Sepoy Penang
Bydgoszcz POL 17-23 1st Youth Olympic Games S’pore S’pore
29-1Apr Kej Olahraga MSS Daerah S’ban Seremban N.S
SEPT
APR. .04 - 05 11th IAAF World Cup in Athletics (C’tal) Split CRO
4 Kejohanan Olaharaga Terbuka POAD Kerian Sg Gedong Perak 9 POA Kelantan Road Relay K.Bharu Kelantan
6-9 Kej Olahraga MSSPP tbc Penang .11 - 12 5th IAAF World Athletics Final Rabat MAR
12-15 Kejohanan Olaharaga MSSPK T. Malim Perak 25(tbc) MAAU Grand Prix 1 K. L MAS
17 Peperiksaan Pegawai Teknik KOAM Gred 2 dan 3 25 8th 100 Plus Relay C’ships Kuching Sarawak
Seluruh Negara MAS
17-18 (tbc) MAAU Octagon All Comers KL MAS OKT
16 kejohanan Olahraga POAK Zon Utara A. Setar Kedah .6 - 12 19th Commonwealth Games Delhi INDIA
18 Jerantut National 10K Run Jerantut Pahang 9 Pep Pegawai Teknik IAAF L. 1dan Gred 3 S.Negara MAS
18 Penang AAA Round The Houses Relays Jln Sepoy Penang 9 5th IAAF World Half Marathon C’ships Nanning CHINA
21-24 MSS Kedah A.Setar Kedah 15-17(tbc)MAAU Octagon Meet (Open) KL MAS
21-24 MSS Selangor Sepang Selangor 24 Lari Berganti-Ganti Kedah K.Ketil Kedah
24 Kota Kinabalu City International Marathon K. Kinabalu Sabah 17 KWYP City Run Komtar Penang
24-25 Selangor Octagon Junior Championships PJ Selangor 30(tbc) MAAU Grand Prix 2 KL MAS
26-29 Kejohanan Olaharaga MSSNS Seremban N.S 30-31 Perak All-Comers Meet Ipoh Perak
30 Kejohanan Olahraga POAK Zon Selatan Kulim Kedah
NOV
MEI .12 - 27 Asian Games Guangzhou CHINA
1-2 7th Sarawak Junior C’ships Kuching Sarawak (21-27) Athletics
2-?? Pahang Octagon Open Junior & Senior Meet Temerloh Pahang 15 Merentas Desa POA Kedah Sg Petani Kedah
3-6 MSS KL Tun Razak KL
7-8 Sabah AAA C’ships K. Kinabalu Sabah
7-8 Kedah AAA Octagon Open Champioships A.Star Kedah DIS
8-9 Kejohanan Olahraga Remaja POA Perak Ipoh Perak 2 10th Asian Marathon Championship Pune IND
15-16 Kej.Olahraga Terbuka POANS Ke 69 Seremban N.S 7-11 Asian Masters Athletic Meet Bk Jalil KL
14 Kejohanan Olahraga POAS Zon Tengah A.Setar Kedah 12 Starwalk PISA Penang
.15-16 24th IAAF World Race Walking Cup Chihuahua MEX 12-19 1st Asian Para Games Guangzhou CHINA
17-22 MSSM tbc Johor 19 Penang AAA Round The Island Relay Esplanade Penang
22 Penang Junior Athletic C’ships (under 23) City Stdm Penang 31 One Mile Dash Run KL KL
22-23 Asian Youth Athletics (Qualifications) S’pore S’pore
26-29 MSS Pahang Temerloh Pahang
26-27 5th SEA Junior Athletics Championships K.L MAS
29-30 FTAAA State Meet MSN KL

- 21 -
Long Jump and Triple jump
a) General
The surface of the sand in the landing area must be smooth and
level with the surface of the take of board. If the sand is low
where the competitor lands, his jump will be measured as more
than it really is; if the sand is high the competitor will lose some
distance.

The sand must be well dug, soft and moist, so that there is no When a competitor lands in the sand a Judge places a spike
danger to a jumper. vertically at the break in the sand and the zero end of the tape is
Competitors are not allowed to put marks on the runway nor in held at this point. It is easier to put the spike through the ring at
the landing area but may put one or two marks only alongside the the end of the tape and make allowance for the thickness of the
runway. ring when placing the spike. The distance is then read off at the
edge of take off board checking the tape is at right angles to the
line by moving it slightly from side to side until the minimum
distance is shown. If the break in the sand is to one side of the
landing area it may be necessary to prolong the edge of take off
board with a clip-board.
In the Long and Triple Jump the wind speed must be measured at
every trial for a period of 5 seconds from the moment the
competitor passes a mark placed alongside the runway. In the
A competitor must take off from behind the edge of the take of Long Jump the mark is placed 40m from the take-off line - for the
board nearer to the landing area (XY). Triple Jump, 35m. For both jumps the wind gauge is placed 20
from the take-off board, 2 meters apart from the runway and 1,22m
The distance jumped is measured from the break in the sand nearest high.
to the board to the edge of the take of board nearer to the landing In both jumps an athlete fails if, when leaving the landing area,
area (XY). The break may be made by any part of the body his first contact with the ground outside the landing area is closer
including a hand. If the jumper touches the ground outside the to the take-off line than the nearest break made in the sand on
landing area beyond the break in the sand from which the landing, including any break made on overbalancing on landing
measurement is to be made the jump is correct. If he touches the which is completely inside the landing area but closer to the
ground outside the landing area nearer to the take of board than take-off line than the initial break made on landing. This first
the break in the sand it is a failure. If the distance measured is not contact is considered leaving.
a whole centimetre it is recorded to the nearest centimetre below
the distance measured. The Judge at the take of board must watch
to see that the competitor does not touches the grounds beyond
the take-off line with any part of his body, whether running up
without jumping or in the act of jumping.
Immediately beyond the take-off line there shall be placed a
plasticine indicator board (no-jump-indicator) for the assistance
of the Judges. The upper part of the indicator board shall also be
covered for the first l 0mm approximately and along its entire
length, by a plasticine layer.
(b) Long Jump
One Chief Judge and at least two other Judges are necessary (plus
the wind gauge operator).
The Chief Judge is responsible for deciding if the take-off is
correct. He shall have a red flag to raise to indicate a no jump and
a white fiag to indicate a fair jump. The Chief Judge also checks
and records the distance jumped.
The second Judge marks the break in the sand with a spike and
holds the zero end of the tape.
The third Judge holds the tape and checks the tape is at right
In the cases of grass root competitions, and if a plasticine indicator angles to the take-off line. The Chief Judge should read the
board is not available, the Judges should build an alternative distance and record the distance on his score card.
indicator with moist sand which will clearly show if it is touched The third Judge can record the distance on a second score card.
If there is a 4th Judge he can act as caller-up at the far end of the
by the athlete. When the athletes are using shoes with a raised runway.
toecap, it is possible for this toe to project beyond the take off After a jump and until the sand has been levelled ready for the
line (XY) without touching the ground and leaving mark. In this next competitor, the Chief Judge will indicate, placing a cone in
case it is not possible to consider the trial, because of this, as a no the runway in front of the take-off board, or using his red flag,
good one. that this next athlete can not yet start his trial.
(c) Triple Jump
Everything given for the Long Jump applies here except the
judging requirements.
The event consists of a hop from either foot to land on the same
foot, followed by a step to land on the other foot and then a jump
to land in the landing area. For a Right
foot take-off the correct sequence is Right, Right, Left and then a
landing as in the Long Jump. Anything else is a no jump. There is
a possibility that an inexperienced competitor may touch the

- 22 -
runway surface with the “trailing” or “sleeping” foot which, in
the sequence quoted, would be the right foot, as it is brought
through from the step into the jump landing. This is not a foul
jump.

Sequence illustrated above is correct for a left foot take-off. The Competitors must be warned about safety rules.
Judge responsible for marking the break in the sand with the spike A wind sock should be positioned near the take-off area in Discus
can also watch the sequence between the take-off and the final and Javelin.
landing. Practice throws may only be made from the throwing points and
To ensure fairness to all competitors they should be advised before under the supervision of a Judge.
the event commences that a decision on the validity of the jump Once the competition has started competitors are not permitted
will not be made until the jump has been completed. to use implements for practice purposes or to use the circle or
ground within the sector for practice trials with or without
In other competitions where the standards of the competitors and implements.
their performance vary considerably it may be necessary to have Implements must always be carried back during practice or
two take-off boards at different distances from the landing area. competition - never thrown or rolled back.
The competitors must then tell the Judges which board they intend For throws made from a circle, an athlete may use one marker
to use for their trial. only. This marker may be placed only on the ground in the area
immediately behind or adjacent to the circle. It must be temporary,
in position only for the duration of each athlete’s own trial, and
shall not impair the view of the Judges. No personal markers
(other than those under Rule 187.21) may be placed in or beside
the landing area.
Marks showing records or individual throws are best placed
outside the sector lines because one of the lines will be visible
from any part of the ground.
In many meetings the Organisers may not be able to provide the
full range of implements to meet the personal requirements of
every competitor. Competitors may, in this case, be allowed to
submit their own implements which must be checked and, if
correct, approved by the Referee or some other Official appointed
for that duty.
If a private implement is approved, it will be marked in some way
to identify it, and Judges should always be on the watch to see
that all the implements being used have been supplied or approved
by the Organisers. A private implement becomes part of the pool
of implements until the end of the competition and may be used
by any other competitor. The owner of a private implement cannot
object to its use by any other competitor.
Shot, Discus, and Hammer After a throw and until the relevant measurement (if any) was
(a) General made, and it was checked by the relevant Official that other
These four events are distinguished by their different Officials in the landing area are ready, the next athlete will be
techniques but Judges will find that some rules apply to all of informed, by placing a cone in the circle or runway, or by the use
of a red flag (eventually by the chief Judge), that he can not yet
them. Except for the javelin throwing, the landing sector shall be start his trial.
marked with white lines 5cm wide at an angle of 34.92° such that No substances may be spread or sprayed on the surface of the
the inner edge of lines, if extended, would pass through the centre circle or on the competitors’ shoes.
of the circle. No device of any kind such as taping two or more fingers to-
Note: The 34.92° sector may be laid out accurately by making the gether is allowed (this can be considered assistance when making
distance between the two points on the sector lines 20m from the a trial). If taping is used on the hands and fingers, it may be con-
centre of the circle 112m (20x0.60) apart. Thus for every lm from tinuous provided that as a result no two or more fingers are taped
the centre of the circle, the distance across shall be increased by together in such a way that the fingers cannot move individually.
60 cm. An adhesive substance such as rosin may be put on the hands in
Provided that, in the course of a trial, the Rules relative to each order to get a better grip of an implement.
throwing event have not been infringed, an athlete may interrupt In addition, Hammer throwers may use such substances on their
a trial once started, may leave the implement down inside or gloves, and shot putters may use such substances on their neck.
outside the circle or runway and may leave it. When leaving, the Only Hammer throwers may wear gloves and these must be
athlete has to follow the same Rule as when leaving after a trial smooth on the back and front and the tips of the glove fingers,
(mentioned later in guide). other than the thumb, must be open.
The shot, the Discus, the Hammer head or the tip of the javelin An athlete may wear any kind of personal safeguard (e.g. ban-
on its first contact with the ground can not touch the sector lines dage, tape, belt, support, etc.) for medical purposes. The Referee
or the ground outside the sector lines to be valid trial. A Judge in conjunction with the Medical Delegate shall have the author-
must decide the point at which a marking spike is put. ity to verify any case should he Judge that to be desirable. (See
Measurement is made immediately after the throw from the nearest also Rules 144.2 and 187.4.)
mark made by the fall of the implement (as defined for each of In the throwing arena each competitor is allowed trial throws.
the events) back to the inner edge of the circle or, in the case of They should be made in the order of the draw under the supervi-
the javelin, the inner edge of the arc of the circle. The tape must sion of a Judge.
cross the line radially by taking it through the centre point of a If an implement breaks during a fair trial the competitor is
circle or through the centre point of the javelin arc. entitled to a substitute trial. So many things need to be watched
at the ‘throwing’ end that the Judges need to concentrate on
Safety is the most important aspect of all these events - what is happening. They must never watch the flight of an
competitors, Officials and spectators must be protected as implement but continue to watch the competitor, especially his
much as possible. feet.

- 23 -
(b) Shot, Discus and Hammer (Events from a Circle) where the shot has fallen although it is possible that the
These events involve the use of circles which are fully specified shot may land very close to a previous landing spot.
in the relevant rules for competition. The measuring tape is taken over the stopboard and through
A competitor must begin his trial from a stationary position in- the centre of the circle by one of the Judges while the other
side the circle; he is not allowed to run or jump into a circle and Judge reads the distance to be measured. Measurements
take his trial without first assuming the stationary position. must be made immediately after each trial. In the shot put
When a competitor begins his trial, it becomes a foul throw if he all throws shall be recorded to the nearest full centimetre
touches with any part of his body the top of the circle (and/or the below.
top of the stopboard in the case of the shot), or the ground out-
side the circle. Touching the inside of a circle or a stopboard is (d) Throwing the Discus
allowed. The competitor must wait inside the circle until the imple- There are no problems in the method of throwing a Discus.
ment has landed. The competitor may adopt the position he chooses and make
Just before leaving, the competitor may, or may not, have a foot such turns as he wishes before releasing the Discus. Because
or both feet in Area A. However, to comply with the Rule, the
important thing is that the first contact with the ground outside of the turns made by the thrower, there is a danger of the
the circle (or with the top of the iron band) must be completely Discus being released in any direction by an inexperienced
behind the white line drawn outside the circle, running theoreti- competitor. All other competitors and Officials near the
cally through the centre of the circle. circle must be outside the cage as recommended in the Rule
The Foot movement may be so fast (especially in the Discus and Book.
Hammer) that it may be difficult for the Judges to decide if a foul At least two Judges are needed at the circle.
has been committed or not. If there is any doubt the competitor The first Judge calls up the competitors and watches for
must be given the benefit of the doubt. Two Judges, at least, are any foot faults on his side of the circle as the thrower turns
necessary at all throwing points. - especially likely at the rear of the circle.
The second Judge watches for foot faults on his side of the
circle , these are most likely just as the Discus is released.
A thrower will often realise that he has touched the top of
the circle and he quickly draws his foot back in the hope
that the Judge has not seen the fault!

A fair trial in this event is, as it says, a


Put, i.e. “push” of the shot from the
shoulder with one hand. The competi-
tor must start with the shot touching,
or close to, the neck or the chin and at
no time may the hand be dropped, nor
may the shot be taken behind the line of the shoulders. This all
means that there must be no hurling or throwing action. A
competitor is allowed to start from a crouch position so that the
shot moves up with the head to give additional impetus to the
delivery. He may also move across the circle in a jump or glide. There should be a Chief Judge at the circle who will indicate
Some competitors manage to achieve a rotation of the body to with a white or red flag if the throw is a fair one or not. In
gain momentum and this is not disallowed by the rules.For the the landing area another Judge will perform a similar duty.
right-handed competitor: In the landing area three Judges can be positioned across
The first Judge watches the hand and any foot fault on his side of the sector so that at least one of them is likely to be near the
the circle; he calls-up the competitors and records the distances. place where the Discus lands. The actual landing point may
The second Judge is mainly concerned with foot faults on the top be difficult to find so it is essential that Judges in the field
of the stopboard and the top of the circle on his side of the stop watch very carefully especially if the ground is hard and
board. If flags are available for indicating fair or foul throws they the Discus bounces.
should be the responsibility of this Judge who, as a matter of
fact, acts as the Chief Judge. If the Discus lands on its front edge, a curved mark should
For left-handed competitors these Judges change their positions be clearly seen: if it lands and then tilts forward onto its
accordingly. front edge care must be taken to see if there is any mark
A third Judge is out in the sector marking the landing of the shot. about 20 cm, behind the curve mark. If it lands absolutely
He puts a spike at the edge of the indentation made by the shot flat there may only be a bruising on the grass. Judges must
nearest to the circle. It is easy to mark get as near as possible to the spot where the Discus is going
to hit the ground.
The marking spike must be placed at the part of the point
of contact which is nearest to the throwing circle. The Judges
must make up their minds as quickly as possible where the
marking spike is to be put and not spend time searching for
a mark which may be hard to see.
For this event a long tape is required and this may be kept
extended all the time to measure each throw immediately.
The zero end of the tape is held at the marked position
where the Discus landed. The tape is taken back through
the centre of the circle for measurement to be read at the
inside of the circle. The tape must be as straight as possible
and not twisted. Long tapes are expensive and, if made of
steel, they can easily be damaged by careless people who
may step on them or allow them to get tangled.
In the Discus, distances are measured to the nearest
centimetre below.

- 24 -
ANUGERAH SUKAN

YBhg.Dato’ Mohd.Junid b. Mohd.Noor,


Naib Presiden POA Pulau Pinang telah
dianugerahkan sebagai TOKOH SUKAN
di Majlis Anugerah Sukan Negeri Pulau
Pinang tahun 2009.

En.V.Govindasamy AJK Teknik


KOAM merangkap Setiausaha
Kehormat POA Pulau Pinang
telahpun dianugerahkan sebagai
Pemimpin Lelaki dalam Majlis
Anugerah Sukan untuk semua,
peringkat Pulau Pinang bagi tahun
2009.
Women’s
Uniform

Men’s
Uniform

BULETIN KESATUAN OLAHRAGA AMATUR MALAYSIA


MALAYSIAN AMATEUR ATHLETIC UNION BULETIN